thoracic vertebrae

Summary

Summary: A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.

Top Publications

  1. Whitmore R, Williams B, Lega B, Sanborn M, Marcotte P. A patient with thoracic intradural disc herniation. J Clin Neurosci. 2011;18:1730-2 pubmed publisher
    ..The disc was removed, and the patient experienced good neurological recovery and remains pain free 1 year after surgery...
  2. Matsumoto M, Okada E, Kaneko Y, Ichihara D, Watanabe K, Chiba K, et al. Wedging of vertebral bodies at the thoracolumbar junction in asymptomatic healthy subjects on magnetic resonance imaging. Surg Radiol Anat. 2011;33:223-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to elucidate the normative value of vertebral wedging at the thoracolumbar junction in asymptomatic healthy subjects for differential diagnosis of vertebral compression fractures using MRI...
  3. Haumont T, Gauchard G, Lascombes P, Perrin P. Postural instability in early-stage idiopathic scoliosis in adolescent girls. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011;36:E847-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Cross-sectional study...
  4. Oner F, Wood K, Smith J, Shaffrey C. Therapeutic decision making in thoracolumbar spine trauma. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010;35:S235-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Systematic literature review...
  5. El Maghraoui A, Mounach A, Rezqi A, Achemlal L, Bezza A, Ghozlani I. Vertebral fracture assessment in asymptomatic men and its impact on management. Bone. 2012;50:853-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) enables the detection of VFs in the same session as bone mineral density (BMD) testing...
  6. Reinhold M, Knop C, Beisse R, Audige L, Kandziora F, Pizanis A, et al. Operative treatment of 733 patients with acute thoracolumbar spinal injuries: comprehensive results from the second, prospective, Internet-based multicenter study of the Spine Study Group of the German Association of Trauma Surgery. Eur Spine J. 2010;19:1657-76 pubmed publisher
    ..Randomized-controlled long-term investigations seem mandatory and the next step in future clinical research of Spine Study Group of the German Trauma Society...
  7. Cui G, Watanabe K, Hosogane N, Tsuji T, Ishii K, Nakamura M, et al. Morphologic evaluation of the thoracic vertebrae for safe free-hand pedicle screw placement in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a CT-based anatomical study. Surg Radiol Anat. 2012;34:209-16 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the morphologic characteristics of the thoracic pedicle with regard to safe free-hand thoracic pedicle screw placement, based on multi-planar reconstruction CT images...
  8. Zebala L, Bridwell K, Baldus C, Richards S, Dormans J, Lenke L, et al. Minimum 5-year radiographic results of long scoliosis fusion in juvenile spinal muscular atrophy patients: major curve progression after instrumented fusion. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011;31:480-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess minimum 5-year radiographic outcomes, MCP, and factors for MCP after spinal surgery in juvenile SMA patients with open triradiate cartilage at the time of surgery...
  9. Kim Y, Kim D, Choi E, Shon H, Park K, Cho B, et al. Nonfusion method in thoracolumbar and lumbar spinal fractures. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011;36:170-6 pubmed publisher
    ..a retrospective study of surgically managed patients...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Jindal N, Sankhala S, Bachhal V. The role of fusion in the management of burst fractures of the thoracolumbar spine treated by short segment pedicle screw fixation: a prospective randomised trial. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2012;94:1101-6 pubmed publisher
    ..05). The results of this study suggest that adjunctive fusion is unnecessary when managing patients with a burst fracture of the thoracolumbar spine with short segment pedicle screw fixation...
  2. Bylski Austrow D, Glos D, Sauser F, Jain V, Wall E, Crawford A. In vivo dynamic compressive stresses in the disc annulus: a pilot study of bilateral differences due to hemiepiphyseal implant in a quadruped model. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012;37:E949-56 pubmed publisher
    ..In vivo biomechanical study in quadruped model...
  3. Hwang S, Samdani A, Gressot L, Hubler K, Marks M, Bastrom T, et al. Effect of direct vertebral body derotation on the sagittal profile in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Eur Spine J. 2012;21:31-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We sought to clarify the effect of applying derotation maneuvers in the correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) on the sagittal plane...
  4. Paxinos O, Tsitsopoulos P, Zindrick M, Voronov L, Lorenz M, Havey R, et al. Evaluation of pullout strength and failure mechanism of posterior instrumentation in normal and osteopenic thoracic vertebrae. J Neurosurg Spine. 2010;13:469-76 pubmed publisher
    ..An in vitro biomechanical study on the thoracic spine was performed to compare the pullout strength and the mechanism of failure of 4 posterior fixation thoracic constructs in relation to bone mineral density (BMD)...
  5. Gnanenthiran S, Adie S, Harris I. Nonoperative versus operative treatment for thoracolumbar burst fractures without neurologic deficit: a meta-analysis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2012;470:567-77 pubmed publisher
    ..Lack of evidence-based practice may result in patients being treated inappropriately and being exposed to unnecessary adverse consequences...
  6. Weber M, Burch S, Buckley J, Schmidt M, Fehlings M, Vrionis F, et al. Instability and impending instability of the thoracolumbar spine in patients with spinal metastases: a systematic review. Int J Oncol. 2011;38:5-12 pubmed
    ..Improved clinical research methodology for this patient population is required...
  7. Bishop M, Beneciuk J, George S. Immediate reduction in temporal sensory summation after thoracic spinal manipulation. Spine J. 2011;11:440-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Spinal manipulative techniques (SMT) have shown clinical effectiveness in some patients with musculoskeletal pain...
  8. Uribe J, Dakwar E, Le T, Christian G, Serrano S, Smith W. Minimally invasive surgery treatment for thoracic spine tumor removal: a mini-open, lateral approach. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010;35:S347-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Prospective registry...
  9. Forterre F, Dickomeit M, Senn D, Gorgas D, Spreng D. Microfenestration using the CUSA Excel ultrasonic aspiration system in chondrodystrophic dogs with thoracolumbar disk extrusion: a descriptive cadaveric and clinical study. Vet Surg. 2011;40:34-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To describe an ultrasonic surgical aspirator assisted disk fenestration technique in dogs...
  10. Machino M, Yukawa Y, Ito K, Nakashima H, Kato F. Posterior/anterior combined surgery for thoracolumbar burst fractures--posterior instrumentation with pedicle screws and laminar hooks, anterior decompression and strut grafting. Spinal Cord. 2011;49:573-9 pubmed publisher
    ..A prospective clinical study...
  11. Putz C, Schuld C, Akbar M, Grieser T, Wiedenhöfer B, Fürstenberg C, et al. Neurological and functional recovery in multiple injured patients with paraplegia: outcome after 1 year. J Trauma. 2011;70:1078-85 pubmed publisher
    Injuries of thoracic vertebrae in multiple trauma patients are often accompanied by severe thoracic injuries and sensorimotor deficits...
  12. Renner S, Tsitsopoulos P, Dimitriadis A, Voronov L, Havey R, Carandang G, et al. Restoration of spinal alignment and disk mechanics following polyetheretherketone wafer kyphoplasty with StaXx FX. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2011;32:1295-300 pubmed publisher
    ..We tested the hypothesis that StaXx FX reduces kyphosis and endplate deformity following vertebral compression fracture, restoring disk mechanics...
  13. Wang S, Qiu Y, Ma W, Wang B, Yu Y, Qian B, et al. Comparison of disc and vertebral wedging between patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and Chiari malformation-associated scoliosis. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2012;25:277-84 pubmed publisher
    ..A comparative study...
  14. Jones H, Crawley A, Noble P, Schoenfeld A, Weiner B. A novel method for the reproducible production of thoracolumbar burst fractures in human cadaveric specimens. Spine J. 2011;11:447-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Currently, there is no reproducible method that produces thoracolumbar burst fractures in human cadavers wherein the fracture configuration mirrors that seen naturally, and soft tissues are maintained...
  15. Tofuku K, Koga H, Ijiri K, Ishidou Y, Yamamoto T, Zenmyo M, et al. Combined posterior and delayed staged mini-open anterior short-segment fusion for thoracolumbar burst fractures. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2012;25:38-46 pubmed publisher
    ..A prospective study...
  16. Gonschorek O, Spiegl U, Weiss T, Pätzold R, Hauck S, Buhren V. [Reconstruction after spinal fractures in the thoracolumbar region]. Unfallchirurg. 2011;114:26-34 pubmed publisher
    ..It has become more important over the last two decades for anterior reconstruction after trauma and posttraumatic malalignment of the thoracolumbar spine...
  17. Zhuang Z, Xie Z, Ding S, Chen Y, Luo J, Wang X, et al. Evaluation of thoracic pedicle morphometry in a Chinese population using 3D reformatted CT. Clin Anat. 2012;25:461-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Reformatted CT assessment is essential before this procedure is performed...
  18. Dunleavy K, Mariano H, Wiater T, Goldberg A. Reliability and minimal detectable change of spinal length and width measurements using the Flexicurve for usual standing posture in healthy young adults. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2010;23:209-14 pubmed publisher
  19. Svircevic V, van Dijk D, Nierich A, Passier M, Kalkman C, van der Heijden G, et al. Meta-analysis of thoracic epidural anesthesia versus general anesthesia for cardiac surgery. Anesthesiology. 2011;114:271-82 pubmed publisher
    ..We have performed a meta-analysis to compare mortality and cardiac, respiratory, and neurologic complications in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with GA alone or a combination of GA with TEA...
  20. Gatton M, Pearcy M, Pettet G, Evans J. A three-dimensional mathematical model of the thoracolumbar fascia and an estimate of its biomechanical effect. J Biomech. 2010;43:2792-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The simulated results demonstrate that the abdominal muscles, acting via the TLF, are capable of contributing extension moments comparable to those produced by other smaller muscles associated with the lumbar spine...
  21. Uribe J, Dakwar E, Cardona R, Vale F. Minimally invasive lateral retropleural thoracolumbar approach: cadaveric feasibility study and report of 4 clinical cases. Neurosurgery. 2011;68:32-9; discussion 39 pubmed publisher
    ..Traditional anterior and posterior approaches to the thoracolumbar spine are associated with significant morbidity. In an effort to eliminate these drawbacks, minimally invasive retropleural approaches have been developed...
  22. Gelb D, Ludwig S, Karp J, Chung E, Werner C, Kim T, et al. Successful treatment of thoracolumbar fractures with short-segment pedicle instrumentation. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2010;23:293-301 pubmed publisher
    ..Retrospective radiographic review...
  23. Lee T, Kim Y, Sung P. Spectral and entropy changes for back muscle fatigability following spinal stabilization exercises. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2010;47:133-42 pubmed
    ..06, p = 0.01); however, no interaction with the level of pain was found (F = 0.19, p = 0.66). Therefore, the Shannon entropy of the EMG signals might be a useful and valuable clinical tool to measure pain following intervention...
  24. Joaquim A, Fernandes Y, Cavalcante R, Fragoso R, Honorato D, Patel A. Evaluation of the thoracolumbar injury classification system in thoracic and lumbar spinal trauma. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011;36:33-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Retrospective study...
  25. Cowie B, McGlade D, Ivanusic J, Barrington M. Ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral blockade: a cadaveric study. Anesth Analg. 2010;110:1735-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We compared a single- versus dual-injection technique for ultrasound-guided paravertebral blockade in a cadaver model, evaluating the spread of contrast dye and location of a catheter...
  26. McElroy M, Shaner A, Crawford T, Thompson G, Kadakia R, Akbarnia B, et al. Growing rods for scoliosis in spinal muscular atrophy: structural effects, complications, and hospital stays. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011;36:1305-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Retrospective analysis of patients with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) treated with growing rod (GR) instrumentation for scoliosis...
  27. Cheng I, Hay D, Iezza A, Lindsey D, Lenke L. Biomechanical analysis of derotation of the thoracic spine using pedicle screws. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010;35:1039-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Biomechanical analysis of derotational load-to-failure of pedicle screw (PS) instrumentation in cadaveric thoracic spinal segments...
  28. Kahl C, Hirt C, Decker S, Gläser D, Rohde S, Jost K, et al. Multimodal therapy for localized spinal epidural follicular lymphoma. Onkologie. 2010;33:381-4 pubmed publisher
    ..An epidural growth of low-grade lymphoma is even more unusual. Due to this low incidence, therapeutic experience for this entity is limited...
  29. Zenmyo M, Yamamoto T, Ishidou Y, Komiya S, Ijiri K. Osteoid osteoma near the intervertebral foramen may induce radiculopathy through tumorous inflammation. Diagn Pathol. 2011;6:10 pubmed publisher
    ..We present here two rare cases of spinal osteoid osteoma causing radiculopathy and the first histological evidence of tumorous inflammation as a cause of radiculopathy in osteoid osteoma near the intervertebral foramen...
  30. Ren D, Ren J, Ruan G, Guo Y, Wu L, Yang G, et al. Mapping and fine mapping of quantitative trait loci for the number of vertebrae in a White Duroc × Chinese Erhualian intercross resource population. Anim Genet. 2012;43:545-51 pubmed publisher
    ..The critical region harbours the newly reported VRTN gene associated with vertebral number. Further investigations are required to confirm whether VRTN or two other positional candidate genes, PROX2 and FOS, cause the QTL effect...
  31. Li X, Liu Z, Dai L, Zhong G, Zang W. Dynamic response of the idiopathic scoliotic spine to axial cyclic loads. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011;36:521-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Numerical techniques were used to study the vibration response of idiopathic scoliosis patients with single thoracic curve...
  32. Lotfinia I, Vahedi P, Tubbs R, Ghavame M, Meshkini A. Neurological manifestations, imaging characteristics, and surgical outcome of intraspinal osteochondroma. J Neurosurg Spine. 2010;12:474-89 pubmed publisher
    ..Concurrent spinal cord compression is a very rare entity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the authors' 10-year experience with the imaging characteristics and surgical outcome in patients with symptomatic spinal OC...
  33. Fujiwara S, Hamaya E, Goto W, Masunari N, Furukawa K, Fukunaga M, et al. Vertebral fracture status and the World Health Organization risk factors for predicting osteoporotic fracture risk in Japan. Bone. 2011;49:520-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The objective of this study was to evaluate potential risk factors for osteoporotic fractures, including morphometric spine fracture status and the WHO risk factors for predicting 4-year fracture risk...
  34. Masharawi Y, Salame K. Shape variation of the neural arch in the thoracic and lumbar spine: characterization and relationship with the vertebral body shape. Clin Anat. 2011;24:858-67 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, the NA is systematically asymmetrical and dynamic in shape along the thoracic and lumbar spine. The inter-relationship with the vertebral body and articular facets is discussed...
  35. Marré B, Ballesteros V, Martínez C, Zamorano J, Ilabaca F, Munjin M, et al. Thoracic spine fractures: injury profile and outcomes of a surgically treated cohort. Eur Spine J. 2011;20:1427-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Short pedicle instrumentations should be used whenever possible, but also long instrumentations and mixed constructs may be necessary for the management of such unique fractures...
  36. Richardson J, Lonnqvist P, Naja Z. Bilateral thoracic paravertebral block: potential and practice. Br J Anaesth. 2011;106:164-71 pubmed publisher
    ..The incidence of complications such as pneumothorax and hypotension is low. More studies on the use of bilateral PVB are required. ..
  37. Watanabe K, Matsumoto M, Tsuji T, Ishii K, Takaishi H, Nakamura M, et al. Ball tip technique for thoracic pedicle screw placement in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Neurosurg Spine. 2010;13:246-52 pubmed publisher
    ..To further enhance the accuracy and safety of TPS placement, the authors developed the ball tip technique...
  38. Dunning J, Cleland J, Waldrop M, Arnot C, Young I, Turner M, et al. Upper cervical and upper thoracic thrust manipulation versus nonthrust mobilization in patients with mechanical neck pain: a multicenter randomized clinical trial. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2012;42:5-18 pubmed publisher
    ..Randomized clinical trial...
  39. Tobin M, Birk D, Rangwala S, Siemionow K, Schizas C, Neckrysh S. T-1 pedicle subtraction osteotomy for the treatment of rigid cervical kyphotic deformity: report of 4 cases. J Neurosurg Spine. 2017;27:487-493 pubmed publisher
    ..The authors review the relevant literature and provide a novel, less risky, and potentially more corrective approach for treating cervical deformities. ..
  40. Engell S, Triano J, Fox J, Langevin H, Konofagou E. Differential displacement of soft tissue layers from manual therapy loading. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2016;33:66-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Displacements are similar in magnitude to those known to evoke biologically relevant responses in both animal and human studies. ..
  41. Liu S, Song A, Zhou X, Kong X, Li W, Wang Y, et al. Malignant pheochromocytoma with multiple vertebral metastases causing acute incomplete paralysis during pregnancy: Literature review with one case report. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e8535 pubmed publisher
    ..The management of this unique case is not well documented. The clinical manifestations, imaging results, pathological characteristics, treatment and prognosis of the case were analyzed...
  42. Wilke H, Herkommer A, Werner K, Liebsch C. In vitro analysis of the segmental flexibility of the thoracic spine. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0177823 pubmed publisher
  43. Wang T, Ma L, Yang D, Wang H, Zhang D, Zhang Y, et al. Radiological analysis for thoracolumbar disc herniation in spinopelvic sagittal alignment: A retrospective study. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e6593 pubmed publisher
    ..5%) of type III lordosis than other groups.This study implied that patients with TLD have higher LL, lower TK, TK/LL, and TK+LL+PI than LLD patients. We inferred that high LL combined with low TK may be the prospective factors of TLD...
  44. Wang F, Wang S, Xue W, Cheng J. Epidural spinal angiolipoma: a case series. BMC Res Notes. 2017;10:128 pubmed publisher
    ..MRI imaging findings were reviewed. Multiple MRI technology for characterization of SAL provides useful information for differential diagnosis and therapeutic management. ..
  45. Ferreira N, Vaz R, Carmona S, Mateus S, Pereira P, Fernandes L, et al. IgG4-related disease presenting with an epidural inflammatory pseudotumor: a case report. J Med Case Rep. 2016;10:61 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings suggest a new manifestation of immunoglobulin G4-related disease. This disorder should be considered in the differential diagnosis of spinal tumors as a potentially treatable condition with glucocorticoids. ..
  46. Liu Z, Wang X, Xu Z, Zeng H, Zhang P, Peng W, et al. Two approaches for treating upper thoracic spinal tuberculosis with neurological deficits in the elderly: A retrospective case-control study. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2016;141:111-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Such techniques may result in fewer complications and a better quality of life for elderly patients. ..
  47. Thomas J, Polaner D. Harlequin Syndrome Associated with Thoracic Epidural Analgesia. Anesthesiology. 2015;123:1187 pubmed publisher
  48. Falavigna A, Piccoli Conzatti L. Minimally invasive approaches for thoracic decompression from discectomy to corpectomy. J Neurosurg Sci. 2013;57:175-92 pubmed
    ..For these reasons, surgeon experience and confidence in the various techniques are major factors in the decision-making process and patient outcomes. ..
  49. Ji M, Qian B, Qiu Y, Wang B, Zhu Z, Yu Y, et al. Change of aortic length after closing-opening wedge osteotomy for patients with ankylosing spondylitis with thoracolumbar kyphosis: a computed tomographic study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013;38:E1361-7 pubmed publisher
    ..A computed tomographic study...
  50. Ren Z, Li S, Hui S, Zhuang Q, Chen X, Xu D. Letter concerning "hidden blood loss during posterior spine fusion surgery" by Yossi et al. Spine J. 2015;15:2113-4 pubmed publisher
  51. Fenn J, Laber E, Williams K, Rousse C, Early P, Mariani C, et al. Associations Between Anesthetic Variables and Functional Outcome in Dogs With Thoracolumbar Intervertebral Disk Extrusion Undergoing Decompressive Hemilaminectomy. J Vet Intern Med. 2017;31:814-824 pubmed publisher
    ..Cardiopulmonary depression could affect outcome in dogs undergoing general anesthesia for surgical treatment of thoracolumbar intervertebral disk extrusion (IVDE)...
  52. Hu Q, Xu R, Pan H, Zhou H, Lei W. Translaminar Screw Fixation in the Upper Thoracic Spine: Computed Tomography-Based Quantitative Laminar Analysis and Feasibility Study of Translaminar Virtual Screw Placement. Cell Biochem Biophys. 2015;73:191-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Gender differences were noted in the superior thoracic vertebrae for dimensions of the laminae, which must be considered when placing TLSs at these levels...
  53. Vergani F, Boukas A, Mukerji N, Nanavati N, Nicholson C, Jenkins A. Spinal cord stimulation for visceral pain related to chronic pancreatitis: report of 2 cases. World Neurosurg. 2014;81:651.e17-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To report our experience related to the use of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) for relief of chronic pancreatitis-related neuropathic visceral pain...