petrous bone

Summary

Summary: The dense rock-like part of temporal bone that contains the INNER EAR. Petrous bone is located at the base of the skull. Sometimes it is combined with the MASTOID PROCESS and called petromastoid part of temporal bone.

Top Publications

  1. Greess H, Baum U, Römer W, Tomandl B, Bautz W. [CT and MRI of the petrous bone]. HNO. 2002;50:906-19 pubmed
    Diseases of the petrous bone should now be diagnosed by means of high-resolution multislice spiral computed tomography (MSCT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
  2. Ramina R, Neto M, Fernandes Y, Silva E, Mattei T, Aguiar P. Surgical removal of small petroclival meningiomas. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2008;150:431-8; discussion 438-9 pubmed publisher
    ..8 cm) treated with radical surgical removal. Total resection (Simpson's Grade 1) [43] was possible with minimal morbidity and no mortality...
  3. Koerbel A, Gharabaghi A, Safavi Abbasi S, Samii A, Ebner F, Samii M, et al. Venous complications following petrosal vein sectioning in surgery of petrous apex meningiomas. Eur J Surg Oncol. 2009;35:773-9 pubmed publisher
    ..However, there is no study available so far focusing on the frequency of postoperative venous congestion related complications following petrosal vein obliteration as well as on pre- and intraoperative findings related to them...
  4. Jørkov M, Heinemeier J, Lynnerup N. The petrous bone--a new sampling site for identifying early dietary patterns in stable isotopic studies. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2009;138:199-209 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicate that the petrous bone has an isotopic signal that differs significantly from that of femur and rib within the single skeleton (P < ..
  5. Sayama C, MacDonald J. Aneurysmal bone cyst of the petrous bone: case presentation and review of the literature. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2010;46:308-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Surgical resection was performed with adjuvant preoperative embolization. The patient recovered complete facial sensation and movement, and follow-up imaging documented complete resection...
  6. Ichimura S, Kawase T, Onozuka S, Yoshida K, Ohira T. Four subtypes of petroclival meningiomas: differences in symptoms and operative findings using the anterior transpetrosal approach. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2008;150:637-45 pubmed publisher
    ..This report subclassifies petroclival meningiomas based on their origin determined by using radiological and intra-operative findings...
  7. Tahara A, de Santana P, Calfat Maldaun M, Panagopoulos A, Da Silva A, Zicarelli C, et al. Petroclival meningiomas: surgical management and common complications. J Clin Neurosci. 2009;16:655-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Limiting factors for surgical removal are tumor consistency, encasement of brainstem perforators and pre-operative clinical status...
  8. Chang C, O Halloran E, Fisher S. Primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the petrous bone: case report. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004;130:360-2 pubmed
  9. Van Havenbergh T, Carvalho G, Tatagiba M, Plets C, Samii M. Natural history of petroclival meningiomas. Neurosurgery. 2003;52:55-62; discussion 62-4 pubmed
    ..For evaluation of the natural history of petroclival meningiomas, a cooperative retrospective study of 21 conservatively treated patients is reported...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Seifert V, Raabe A, Zimmermann M. Conservative (labyrinth-preserving) transpetrosal approach to the clivus and petroclival region--indications, complications, results and lessons learned. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2003;145:631-42; discussion 642 pubmed
    ..report presents the use of a conservative transpetrosal approach which combines partial removal of the postero-lateral petrous bone with preservation of the labyrinth, with particular focus on efficacy and the reduction of complications.
  2. Samii M, Tatagiba M, Carvalho G. Retrosigmoid intradural suprameatal approach to Meckel's cave and the middle fossa: surgical technique and outcome. J Neurosurg. 2000;92:235-41 pubmed
    ..The goal of this study was to determine whether some petroclival tumors can be safely and efficiently treated using a modified retrosigmoid petrosal approach that is called the retrosigmoid intradural suprameatal approach (RISA)...
  3. Begall K, Vorwerk U. Artificial petrous bone produced by stereolithography for microsurgical dissecting exercises. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 1998;60:241-5 pubmed
    Training in microsurgery of the middle ear requires dissecting to be carried out on petrous bone. Human petrous bone structures are not available in adequate quantity to permit extensive practicing...
  4. Cho C, Al Mefty O. Combined petrosal approach to petroclival meningiomas. Neurosurgery. 2002;51:708-16; discussion 716-8 pubmed
    ..To study the use and advantages of combining the posterior petrosal approach with the anterior petrosal approach to petroclival meningiomas...
  5. Iwai Y, Yamanaka K, Nakajima H. Two-staged gamma knife radiosurgery for the treatment of large petroclival and cavernous sinus meningiomas. Surg Neurol. 2001;56:308-14 pubmed
    ..In this study, we report on the effectiveness and usefulness of two-staged gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) for large petroclival and cavernous sinus meningiomas that have a high rate of surgical morbidity...
  6. Jacob M, Gujar S, Trobe J, Gandhi D. Spontaneous resolution of a Meckel's cave arachnoid cyst causing sixth cranial nerve palsy. J Neuroophthalmol. 2008;28:186-91 pubmed publisher
    ..All previously reported symptomatic patients were treated surgically. This is the first report of an arachnoid cyst arising from Meckel's cave in pregnancy and having spontaneous resolution...
  7. Braga J, Thackeray J, Dumoncel J, Descouens D, Bruxelles L, Loubes J, et al. A new partial temporal bone of a juvenile hominin from the site of Kromdraai B (South Africa). J Hum Evol. 2013;65:447-56 pubmed publisher
  8. Ecker R, Levy E, Hopkins L. Acute neuroform stenting of a symptomatic petrous dissection. J Invasive Cardiol. 2007;19:E137-8 pubmed
    ..Revascularization was accomplished with the placement of an intracranial stent (Neuroform III, Boston Scientific Corp., Natick, Massachusetts). The patient had a good clinical and radiographic outcome...
  9. Park C, Jung H, Kim J, Paek S, Kim D. The selection of the optimal therapeutic strategy for petroclival meningiomas. Surg Neurol. 2006;66:160-5; discussion 165-6 pubmed
    ..Broad experience with the management of petroclival meningiomas was analyzed to optimize therapeutic strategy...
  10. Komune S. [Treatment of cystic lesions in petrous apex using pneumatisation mechanism]. Fukuoka Igaku Zasshi. 2004;95:201-4 pubmed
  11. Littrell L, Leutmer P, Lane J, Driscoll C. Progressive calvarial and upper cervical pneumatization associated with habitual valsalva maneuver in a 70-year-old man. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2004;25:491-3 pubmed
    ..Four months after discontinuing the habitual Valsalva maneuvers, CT demonstrated resorption of the epidural air and partial regression of the calvarial pneumatization...
  12. González García J, Trinidad A, Verdaguer J, García Berrocal J, Ramírez Camacho R. [Radiological diagnostic of the non-pathological conditions of the petrous apex]. Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp. 2009;60:346-51 pubmed publisher
    ..All of the patients were referred for skull base surgery. In all cases a non-pathologic asymmetry was diagnosed in the petrous apex. Certain non-pathologic conditions of the petrous apex must be treated expectantly without any surgery...
  13. Jia G, Wu Z, Zhang J, Zhang L, Xiao X, Tang J, et al. Two-bone flap craniotomy for the transpetrosal-presigmoid approach to avoid a bony defect in the periauricular area after surgery on petroclival lesions: technical note. Neurosurg Rev. 2010;33:121-6 pubmed publisher
    ..This approach provides a simple, easy, and safe technique for the transpetrosal-presigmoid approach. The technique has been performed in 83 patients treated for petroclival neoplasms with excellent cosmetic results...
  14. Moser T, Veillon F, Sick H, Riehm S. The hypodense focus in the petrous apex: a potential pitfall on multidetector CT imaging of the temporal bone. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2008;29:35-9 pubmed
    ..Hypoattenuated foci in the otic capsule are routinely identified on multidetector CT (MDCT), particularly in pediatric patients. We aimed to describe and characterize the hypoattenuated focus in the anterior otic capsule...
  15. Ammirati M, Delgado M, Slone H, Ray Chaudhury A. Extradural dermoid tumor of the petrous apex. Case report. J Neurosurg. 2007;107:426-9 pubmed
    ..The clinical presentation, histological features, radiological findings, and management of this unique case are described...
  16. Al Mefty O, Ayoubi S, Kadri P. The petrosal approach for the total removal of giant retrochiasmatic craniopharyngiomas in children. J Neurosurg. 2007;106:87-92 pubmed
    ..The posterior petrosal (or presigmoid transtentorial) approach provides wide, direct exposure of these tumors, which allows safe neurovascular dissection and facilitates their total removal...
  17. Kim L, Albuquerque F, McDougall C, Spetzler R. Resolution of an infectious pseudoaneurysm in a cervical petrous carotid vein bypass graft after covered stent placement: case report. Neurosurgery. 2006;58:E386; discussion E386 pubmed
    ..We therefore chose an endovascular strategy to repair this lesion...
  18. Lee M, Lee E. Giant cell tumor of the petrous temporal bone with direct invasion into the middle ear. J Craniofac Surg. 2006;17:797-800 pubmed
    ..This experience supports the rationale for the combined treatment with radical excision plus irradiation toward this rare neoplasm when vigorous invasion of the skull base is encountered...
  19. Muzumdar D, Goel A, Fattepurkar S, Goel N. Endolymphatic sac carcinoma of the right petrous bone in Von Hippel-Lindau disease. J Clin Neurosci. 2006;13:471-4 pubmed
    ..The entirely extradural tumour involved a large part of the petrous bone and extended into the cerebellopontine angle...
  20. Oztürk O, Inanli S, Sehitoglu M. Facial paralysis in a patient with cholesterol cyst of the petrous bone. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;133:643 pubmed
  21. Goiney C, Bhatia R, Auerbach K, Norenberg M, Morcos J. Intraosseous schwannoma of the petrous apex. J Radiol Case Rep. 2011;5:8-16 pubmed publisher
    ..By studying the computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging features of this rare tumor, it is possible to suggest the diagnosis preoperatively...
  22. Qu F, Zhou X, Wang X, Li F, Lu X, Liu Y, et al. The classification of posterior petrous meningiomas and its clinical significance. J Int Med Res. 2009;37:949-57 pubmed
    ..Microneurosurgical techniques and skills are critical to increase the total resection rate of posterior petrous meningiomas in order to decrease the mortality and disability rates...
  23. Vincent C. [The middle fossa approaches]. Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac. 2008;125:289-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Describe the surgical systematization of the different variants of the middle fossa approach...
  24. Schipper J, Maier W, Arapakis I, Spetzger U, Tatagiba M, Laszig R. [Information assisted surgery as a transdisciplinary surgical procedure]. Laryngorhinootologie. 2005;84:165-70 pubmed
    ..The advantage of IAS is the predictability of the surgical procedure according to the specifications of modern quality assessment...
  25. Harris M, Robbins A, Neuburg M, Michel M, Friedland D. Recurrent petrous apex cholesteatoma in a patient with basal cell nevus syndrome. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;139:480-1 pubmed publisher
  26. Schuler P, Heikaus S, Friebe Hoffmann U, Hoffmann T, Greve J, Klenzner T, et al. [Breast cancer metastases in the head and neck region]. HNO. 2010;58:859-65 pubmed publisher
    ..We believe that the loss of steroid receptor expression contributed to tumor resistance to endocrine therapy. Moreover, this receptor loss hindered the pathologist from confirming the diagnosis of metastases at very unusual sites...
  27. Sedghizadeh P, Nguyen M, Enciso R. Intracranial physiological calcifications evaluated with cone beam CT. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2012;41:675-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate cone beam CT (CBCT) scans for the presence of physiological and pathological intracranial calcifications...
  28. Lee Y, Lee N, Kim J, Song J. CT, MRI and gallium SPECT in the diagnosis and treatment of petrous apicitis presenting as multiple cranial neuropathies. Br J Radiol. 2005;78:948-51 pubmed
    ..Gallium-67 single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scan also contributed to evaluate response to therapy...
  29. Tabuchi K, Yamamoto T, Akutsu H, Suzuki K, Hara A. Combined transmastoid/middle fossa approach for intracranial extension of middle ear cholesteatoma. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2012;52:736-40 pubmed
    ..preoperatively exhibited meningoencephalocele of the middle fossa skull base, and in the remaining 7 patients, petrous bone involvement such as involvement of the supralabyrinthine cells was observed...
  30. Schmerber S, Righini C, Soriano E, Delalande C, Dumas G, Reyt E, et al. [The outcome of treatments for carcinoma of the external auditory canal]. Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord). 2005;126:165-70 pubmed
    ..A retrospective analysis of management and survival of patients treated for temporal bone carcinoma...
  31. Magliulo G. Petrous bone cholesteatoma: clinical longitudinal study. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2007;264:115-20 pubmed
    The object of this retrospective study was to describe a series of patients with petrous bone cholesteatomas, paying particular attention to classification, diagnosis, surgical strategy, results, complications and recurrences...
  32. Kral F, Freysinger W. [3-D navigation in the petrous bone with submillimeter accuracy]. HNO. 2004;52:699-705 pubmed
    In order to evaluate the possible submillimeter application accuracy in computer-aided navigation in the petrous bone, we performed a set of approximately 3,000 measurements on a specially prepared anatomic specimen using the Zeiss STN ..
  33. Arslan M, Deda H, Avci E, Elhan A, Tekdemir I, Tubbs R, et al. Anatomy of Meckel's cave and the trigeminal ganglion: anatomical landmarks for a safer approach to them. Turk Neurosurg. 2012;22:317-23 pubmed publisher
    ..The relationship of surgical landmarks to relevant anatomy is important. Therefore, we attempted to delineate quantitatively their anatomy and the relationships between MC and surrounding structures...
  34. Lin Z, Chen F, Wang T, Hu Q, Sun G. The variability and complexity of ameloblastoma: carcinoma ex ameloblastoma or primary ameloblastic carcinoma. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2013;41:190-3 pubmed publisher
    ..With a careful re-evaluation of the histology and cytology of the specimens of primary and recurrent ameloblastoma in 2006 and 2007, malignant transformation was observed and carcinoma ex ameloblastoma was ultimately diagnosed...
  35. Gagliardi F, Boari N, Roberti F, Gragnaniello C, Biglioli F, Caputy A, et al. Extradural subtemporal transzygomatic approach to the clival and paraclival region with endoscopic assist. J Craniofac Surg. 2012;23:1468-75 pubmed publisher
  36. Pillai P, Sammet S, Ammirati M. Image-guided, endoscopic-assisted drilling and exposure of the whole length of the internal auditory canal and its fundus with preservation of the integrity of the labyrinth using a retrosigmoid approach: a laboratory investigation. Neurosurgery. 2009;65:53-9; discussion 59 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated the usefulness of image guidance and endoscopy for exposure of the internal auditory canal (IAC) and its fundus without labyrinthine injury during a retrosigmoid approach...
  37. Arnoldner C, Stover T, Bartling S, Windhagen A, Durisin M, Averbeck T, et al. [Exostosis of the internal auditory canal in a patient with myotonic dystrophy]. Laryngorhinootologie. 2006;85:755-9 pubmed
  38. Leonetti J, Marzo S, Petruzzelli G, Herr B. Recurrent pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;133:319-22 pubmed
    ..To assess the long-term results in the management of 42 patients with recurrent pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland...
  39. Mandelli C, Porras L, Lopez Sanchez C, Sicuri G, Lomonaco I, Garcia Martinez V. The partial labyrinthectomy petrous apicectomy approach to petroclival meningiomas. A quantitative anatomic comparison with other approaches to the same region. Neurocirugia (Astur). 2008;19:133-42 pubmed
    ..The comparative study is made between the PLPA and other neurosurgical routes enhancing the potentiality of the PLPA approach that permits a wider angle of incidence towards the brainstem than with the retrosigmoid routes...
  40. Burston B, Pretorius P, Ramsden J. Gradenigo's syndrome: successful conservative treatment in adult and paediatric patients. J Laryngol Otol. 2005;119:325-9 pubmed
    ..With changing medical technology, a review of the diagnostic and treatment options for this rare but serious condition, is timely...
  41. Cece H, Yildiz S, Iynen I, Karakas O, Karakas E, Dogan F. A rare case of petrous apex osteoma. J Pak Med Assoc. 2012;62:608-9 pubmed
    ..An osteoma arising from the petrous apex is extremely rare. We present a case of osteoma arising from the petrous apex followed by a discussion of the etiology, presentation, and radiologic findings...
  42. Yu Z, Noo F, Dennerlein F, Wunderlich A, Lauritsch G, Hornegger J. Simulation tools for two-dimensional experiments in x-ray computed tomography using the FORBILD head phantom. Phys Med Biol. 2012;57:N237-52 pubmed publisher
    ..To get started, the interested user can simply copy and paste the codes from this PDF document into Matlab® M-files...
  43. Di Rocco F, Paterno V, Safavi Abbasi S, El Shawarby A, Samii A, Samii M. Cavernous malformation of the internal auditory canal. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2006;148:695-7 pubmed
    ..Nevertheless, the clinical history, in particular, a rapid onset of cranial nerve deficits, lead to the suspicion of a vascular malformation...
  44. Lee S, Koh J, Ryu C, Lee S. Ruptured intrameatal aneurysm of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery accompanying an arteriovenous malformation: a case report. Cerebellum. 2012;11:808-12 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that trapping of the meatal loop could be a safe and feasible alternative to unroofing followed by neck clipping in selected patients with an intrameatal aneurysm of the AICA. We also review here the relevant literature...
  45. Doi T, Nakazawa H, Adachi M, Kaneko T, Munemoto Y, Komeda M, et al. Familial isolated stapes-pyramidal fixation by a bony bar with normal stapedius tendon. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;131:349-52 pubmed
  46. Fodor M, Facsko A, Berenyi E, Sziklai I, Berta A, Pfliegler G. Transient visual loss triggered by scuba diving in a patient with a petrous epidermoid and combined thrombotic risk factors. Pathophysiol Haemost Thromb. 2007;36:311-4 pubmed publisher
    ..This case underlines the complex mechanism of thromboembolic diseases, and the importance of the acquired trigger (in the present case scuba diving) in addition to the long-term anatomical and biochemical risk factors...
  47. Memari F, Tabatabaee R, Borghei Razavi H, Fereshtehnejad S, Daneshi A. Transpetrosal approach: an anatomical study of temporal bone. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2009;266:1373-80 pubmed publisher
    ..It could also help the design of middle ear prosthesis...
  48. Gerek M, Satar B, Yazar F, Ozan H, Ozkaptan Y. Transcanal anterior approach for cystic lesions of the petrous apex. Otol Neurotol. 2004;25:973-6 pubmed
    ..To investigate the utility of a newly described approach, the transcanal anterior approach that is a modification of the subcochlear approach for the drainage of cystic lesions of the petrous apex...
  49. Neri E, Sellari Franceschini S, Berrettini S, Caramella D, Bartolozzi C. IERAPSI project: simulation of a canal wall-up mastoidectomy. Comput Aided Surg. 2006;11:99-102 pubmed
    ..A surgeon with extensive experience in surgery of the petrous bone performed the mastoidectomy...
  50. Fujimoto C, Ito K, Ishimoto S, Iwasaki S. Large jugular bulb diverticulum invading the internal auditory canal. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2007;116:631-6 pubmed
    ..We report, with neuro-otologic findings, a very rare case of a large jugular bulb diverticulum eroding the internal auditory canal (IAC)...
  51. Bravo D, Machová H, Hahn A, Marková H, Otruba L, Mandys V, et al. Mastoiditis complicated with Gradenigo syndrome and a hypertrophic pachymeningitis with consequent communicating hydrocephalus. Acta Otolaryngol. 2007;127:93-7 pubmed
    ..We consider this disease development an example of immune-induced proliferative fibrotic changes in meninges...
  52. Del Rio L, Lassaletta L, Martinez R, Sarriá M, Gavilan J. Petrous bone Langerhans cell histiocytosis treated with radiosurgery. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2007;85:129-31 pubmed
    ..a 30-year-old man presenting with vertigo and fluctuating hearing loss caused by monosystemic LCH of the left petrous bone. The patient was treated with radiosurgery (covering dose 10 Gy at 85% isodose, maximum dose 11.76 Gy)...
  53. Delgado F, Munoz F, Bravo Rodríguez F, Jurado Ramos A, Oteros R. Treatment of dural arteriovenous fistulas presenting as pulsatile tinnitus. Otol Neurotol. 2009;30:897-902 pubmed publisher
    ..To describe the clinical picture and treatment of dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) presenting as pulsatile subjective tinnitus...