parietal bone

Summary

Summary: One of a pair of irregularly shaped quadrilateral bones situated between the FRONTAL BONE and OCCIPITAL BONE, which together form the sides of the CRANIUM.

Top Publications

  1. Ajja A, Oukacha N, Gazzaz M, Akhaddar A, Elmostarchid B, Kadiri B, et al. Cavernous hemangioma of the parietal bone. A case report. J Neurosurg Sci. 2005;49:159-62; discussion 162 pubmed
    ..A plain X-ray of the skull and cranial CT-scan showed a osteolytic lesion in the left parietal bone. Surgery consisted of total resection of the lesion and cranioplasty. The postoperative course was uneventful...
  2. Quarto N, Behr B, Li S, Longaker M. Differential FGF ligands and FGF receptors expression pattern in frontal and parietal calvarial bones. Cells Tissues Organs. 2009;190:158-69 pubmed publisher
    ..aiming to highlight distinct differences between the neural crest-derived frontal and mesodermal-derived parietal bone. We performed a detailed comparative gene expression profile of FGF ligands and their receptors known to play ..
  3. Takeuchi H, Nagayama M, Imaizumi Y, Tsukahara T, Nakazawa J, Kusaka Y, et al. Immunohistochemical analysis of osteoconductivity of beta-tricalcium phosphate and carbonate apatite applied in femoral and parietal bone defects in rats. Dent Mater J. 2009;28:595-601 pubmed
    ..However, the repair in parietal bone defects was incomplete despite the beta-TCP and CAP filling...
  4. Fink A, Maixner W. Enlarged parietal foramina: MR imaging features in the fetus and neonate. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2006;27:1379-81 pubmed
    ..We discuss its relationship to the spectrum of cephalocoeles...
  5. Baumer T, Powell B, Fenton T, Haut R. Age dependent mechanical properties of the infant porcine parietal bone and a correlation to the human. J Biomech Eng. 2009;131:111006 pubmed publisher
    ..This study documents age effects on the mechanical properties of parietal bone and coronal suture in porcine infants and correlates the bending properties of the bone to existing human ..
  6. Nasseri F, Gholami G, Kadkhodazadeh M. Effect of bioactive ceramic and recombinant human transforming growth factor-beta (rhTGF-beta) on regeneration of parietal bone defects in rat. J Long Term Eff Med Implants. 2011;21:71-8 pubmed
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the regenerative response of parietal bone defects in rats to bioactive ceramic and TGF-beta 1.
  7. Cunningham M, Seto M, Hing A, Bull M, Hopkin R, Leppig K. Cleidocranial dysplasia with severe parietal bone dysplasia: C-terminal RUNX2 mutations. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2006;76:78-85 pubmed
    ..Despite the characterization of 67 unique mutations in 97 individual cases, and the availability of animal models, no obvious genotype-phenotype correlation has emerged...
  8. O Reilly M, Muller A, Hynynen K. Ultrasound insertion loss of rat parietal bone appears to be proportional to animal mass at submegahertz frequencies. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2011;37:1930-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Measurements of ultrasound transmission through rat parietal bone at five frequencies (0.268 MHz, 0.841 MHz, 1.409 MHz, 1.972 MHz and 2...
  9. Tessier P, Kawamoto H, Posnick J, Raulo Y, Tulasne J, Wolfe S. Taking calvarial grafts--tools and techniques: VI. The splitting of a parietal bone "flap". Plast Reconstr Surg. 2005;116:74S-88S; discussion 92S-94S pubmed

More Information

Publications62

  1. Tessier P, Kawamoto H, Posnick J, Raulo Y, Tulasne J, Wolfe S. Taking calvarial grafts, either split in situ or splitting of the parietal bone flap ex vivo--tools and techniques: V. A 9650-case experience in craniofacial and maxillofacial surgery. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2005;116:54S-71S; discussion 92S-94S pubmed
  2. Wuyts W, Cleiren E, Homfray T, Rasore Quartino A, Vanhoenacker F, Van Hul W. The ALX4 homeobox gene is mutated in patients with ossification defects of the skull (foramina parietalia permagna, OMIM 168500). J Med Genet. 2000;37:916-20 pubmed
  3. Murata M, Huang B, Shibata T, Imai S, Nagai N, Arisue M. Bone augmentation by recombinant human BMP-2 and collagen on adult rat parietal bone. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1999;28:232-7 pubmed
    ..Carrier collagen not only plays a role in rhBMP-2 delivery, but also provides a cell anchorage for cell differentiation and remains as an artificial matrix in woven bone...
  4. Karkuzhali P, Chithralekha S, Muthuvel E, Daniel R. Chondromyxoid fibroma of the parietal bone. Neuropathology. 2005;25:84-8 pubmed
    We report the case of an 11-year old girl who presented with an intracranial chondromyxoid fibroma arising from parietal bone. Chondromyxoid fibroma is a benign cartilaginous neoplasm, which can be easily mistaken for chondrosarcoma, ..
  5. Le Lorc h Bukiet I, Tulasne J, Llorens A, Lesclous P. Parietal bone as graft material for maxillary sinus floor elevation: structure and remodeling of the donor and of recipient sites. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2005;16:244-9 pubmed
    Particulate parietal bone is used for maxillary sinus floor elevation procedure prior to dental implant placement...
  6. Wong R, Rabie A. Statin collagen grafts used to repair defects in the parietal bone of rabbits. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2003;41:244-8 pubmed
    ..Fifteen bone defects were created in the parietal bone of nine New Zealand White rabbits...
  7. Sawae Y, Sahara T, Kawana F, Sasaki T. Effects of enamel matrix derivative on mineralized tissue formation during bone wound healing in rat parietal bone defects. J Electron Microsc (Tokyo). 2002;51:413-23 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that the bioactive effects of EMD on bone wound healing and mineralized tissue formation depend, at least in part, on the local osseous environment where EMD has been applied...
  8. Peterson J, Dechow P. Material properties of the inner and outer cortical tables of the human parietal bone. Anat Rec. 2002;268:7-15 pubmed
    ..Few sites on either table had significant orientations of the axes of maximum stiffness. Despite this apparent randomness in orientation, almost all sites exhibited anisotropies equivalent to other parts of the skeleton...
  9. Jiang X, Iseki S, Maxson R, Sucov H, Morriss Kay G. Tissue origins and interactions in the mammalian skull vault. Dev Biol. 2002;241:106-16 pubmed
    ..These observations provide new perspectives on skull evolution and on human genetic abnormalities of skull growth and ossification...
  10. Leonard J, Gokden M, Kyriakos M, Derdeyn C, Rich K. Malignant giant-cell tumor of the parietal bone: case report and review of the literature. Neurosurgery. 2001;48:424-9 pubmed
    ..Pagetic GCTs are less aggressive than GCTs that are not associated with Paget's disease...
  11. Horstman A, Go R, Bottner W. Cranial vault lymphoma. Haematologica. 2004;89:EIM06 pubmed
  12. Jung Y, Kim H, Choi S, Kang J, Cha I. Regional thickness of parietal bone in Korean adults. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2003;32:638-41 pubmed
    To clarify the clinical utility of the parietal bone graft in maxillofacial reconstruction, we performed an anatomical study by measuring the regional thickness of the parietal bone in 47 Korean adult dry skulls...
  13. Apinhasmit W, Chompoopong S, Chaisuksunt V, Thiraphatthanavong P, Phasukdee N. Anatomical consideration of pterion and its related references in Thai dry skulls for pterional surgical approach. J Med Assoc Thai. 2011;94:205-14 pubmed
    ..The present study aimed to analyze the types of the pterion and its location related with nearby landmarks in dry skulls. In addition, variations of pterion in sex, age, and skull side were compared...
  14. Rathore P, Mandal S, Meher R, Subhalakshmi R, Chauhan V, Singh S. Giant ossifying chondroma of skull. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2005;69:1709-11 pubmed
    ..While reviewing world literature few cases of extracranial chondromas arising from the skull base were found...
  15. Guzel A, Tatli M, Er U, Bavbek M. Atretic parietal cephalocele. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2007;43:72-3 pubmed
  16. Develioglu H, Saraydin S, Dupoirieux L, Sahin Z. Histological findings of long-term healing of the experimental defects by application of a synthetic biphasic ceramic in rats. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2007;80:505-8 pubmed
    ..was to assess the long-term histological bone healing results of experimentally created critical size parietal bone defects in rats. Twelve Wistar rats were used in this investigation...
  17. Aydin M, Kopuz C, Demir M, Corumlu U, Kaya A. Localization of pterion in neonatal cadavers: a morphometric study. Surg Radiol Anat. 2010;32:545-50 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study is to define the topographic anatomy of this important surgical point, pterion, and the variability of its localization on craniums of newborn cadavers...
  18. Jang D, Kang S, Lee S, Yoo D, Huh P, Cho K, et al. Simple excision and periosteal reattachment for the treatment of calcified cephalhematoma. Technical note. J Neurosurg. 2007;106:162-4 pubmed
    ..They conclude that in cases of calcified cephalhematoma it may be unnecessary to perform a complicated cranioplasty with bone harvested from the top of the calcification...
  19. Muhonen M, Lonyai A, Westhout F. Hydroxyapatite cement resistant to fragmentation following full cerebrospinal fluid bathing. J Craniofac Surg. 2008;19:283-6 pubmed publisher
    ..trauma at 2 weeks of age presented with marked protrusion of the entire superior temporal bone and inferior parietal bone. The defect was elevated by more than 1 cm and was associated with a 4...
  20. Takata S, Takao S, Yoshida S, Hayashi F, Yasui N. Therapeutic effects of one-year alendronate treatment in three cases of osteoporosis with parietal thinning of skull. J Med Invest. 2008;55:297-302 pubmed
  21. Yoshino T, Aoki A, Oda S, Takasaki A, Mizutani K, Sasaki K, et al. Long-term histologic analysis of bone tissue alteration and healing following Er:YAG laser irradiation compared to electrosurgery. J Periodontol. 2009;80:82-92 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to histologically examine the effects of the Er:YAG laser on bone tissue and subsequent wound healing compared to electrosurgery in a long-term study...
  22. Zhang X, Ting K, Pathmanathan D, Ko T, Chen W, Chen F, et al. Calvarial cleidocraniodysplasia-like defects with ENU-induced Nell-1 deficiency. J Craniofac Surg. 2012;23:61-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In summary, Nell-1 is required for normal craniofacial membranous and endochondral skeletal development...
  23. Wong R, Emelin J, Meltzer H, Levy M, Cohen S. Nonsyndromic craniosynostosis: the Rady Children's Hospital approach. J Craniofac Surg. 2012;23:2061-5 pubmed publisher
    ..In this article, our purpose was to describe our algorithm for treating nonsyndromic craniosynostosis at Rady Children's Hospital...
  24. Gordjestani M, Dermaut L, de Ridder L, Thierens H, de Waele P, De Leersnijder Willy W, et al. Osteopontin and bone metabolism: a histology and scintigraphy study in rats. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2005;34:794-9 pubmed
    ..To elucidate the function of OPN in bone metabolism, a cellular defect was created in parietal bone and tibia of 12 rats. In Group 1, the left defects were filled with OPN-coated hydroxyapatite (OPN-H)...
  25. Uematsu M, Tobisawa S, Nagao M, Matsubara S, Mizutani T, Shibuya M. [Headache as a manifestation of SAPHO syndrome with a lesion extending to the dura mater, parietal bone, and temporal muscle]. Rinsho Shinkeigaku. 2012;52:106-10 pubmed
    ..Her CRP level was elevated. Cranial images showed Gadolinium-enhancement of the left temporal muscle, left parietal bone and dura mater...
  26. dos Santos V, Corrêa F, Barbosa Junior E, Leal M. Thyroid cancer with skull enlargement: a lesson learned?. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2005;6:563-4 pubmed
    ..Even in developed countries, goitres still occur in areas with iodine prophylaxis. Another concern is insufficiency of reliable data on the incidence and pattern of head and neck tumours in developing countries...
  27. Ghassibe M, Bernier V, Boon L, Vikkula M. A novel mutation in the MSX2 homeobox gene of a family with foramina parietalia permagna, headache and vascular anomaly. Eur J Pediatr. 2006;165:734-5 pubmed
  28. Ali A, Al Najjadah I. Surgical treatment of an unusual patient with Proteus syndrome. J Craniofac Surg. 2006;17:175-8 pubmed
  29. Nakahara K, Shimizu S, Utsuki S, Oka H, Kitahara T, Kan S, et al. Linear fractures occult on skull radiographs: a pitfall at radiological screening for mild head injury. J Trauma. 2011;70:180-2 pubmed publisher
    ..We studied atypical linear fractures that were not visualized clearly, because a specific anatomical configuration hampered the passage of x-rays...
  30. Angonèse A, Sonnaert M, Rassart A, Gauquier N, Cavatorta E. [Skull fracture or bipartite parietal bone]. Arch Pediatr. 2010;17:391-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Complete radiological assessment because of suspected skull fracture revealed the diagnosis of a bipartite parietal bone. A brief review of the literature shows the exceptional character of this anatomical variant, whose origin is ..
  31. Khan M, Olumide A. Head injury caused by an ostrich: A rare entity. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2006;42:308-10 pubmed
    ..Human injuries caused by an ostrich are rare and only three cases have been reported with severe ocular injury. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of head injury caused by an ostrich in a child...
  32. Wang Q, Opperman L, Havill L, Carlson D, Dechow P. Inheritance of sutural pattern at the pterion in Rhesus monkey skulls. Anat Rec A Discov Mol Cell Evol Biol. 2006;288:1042-9 pubmed
    ..species but not humans and some apes) was characterized by an articulation between the temporal bone and parietal bone. Articulation between the sphenoid and parietal bones (type SP) accounted for 14% of the specimens and was ..
  33. James A, Xu Y, Lee J, Wang R, Longaker M. Differential effects of TGF-beta1 and TGF-beta3 on chondrogenesis in posterofrontal cranial suture-derived mesenchymal cells in vitro. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009;123:31-43 pubmed publisher
    ..The mouse posterofrontal suture, analogous to the human metopic suture, fuses through endochondral ossification...
  34. David L, Glazier S, Pyle J, Thompson J, Argenta L. Classification system for sagittal craniosynostosis. J Craniofac Surg. 2009;20:279-82 pubmed
    ..Clinical applications using this classification system are ongoing and may allow us to individualize surgical intervention to optimize clinical outcome...
  35. Richtsmeier J, DeLeon V. Morphological integration of the skull in craniofacial anomalies. Orthod Craniofac Res. 2009;12:149-58 pubmed publisher
    ..CONCLUSION - Our results show how the cranial base adjusts to its broader structural context, and provides added support for the developmental and structural integration of cranial base with both cranial vault and face...
  36. Tamimi F, Torres J, Tresguerres I, Clemente C, Lopez Cabarcos E, Blanco L. Bone augmentation in rabbit calvariae: comparative study between Bio-Oss and a novel beta-TCP/DCPD granulate. J Clin Periodontol. 2006;33:922-8 pubmed
    ..In the present in vivo study, we compare the bone regeneration capacity of a novel brushite cement synthesized in our laboratory (DTG) with Bio-Oss using rabbits as an animal model...
  37. Daza J, Abdala V, Thomas R, Bauer A. Skull anatomy of the miniaturized gecko Sphaerodactylus roosevelti (Squamata: Gekkota). J Morphol. 2008;269:1340-64 pubmed publisher
    ..New cranial characters support Sphaerodactylinae as a monophyletic group and should be useful for resolving questions such as their relationship with other gekkotans...
  38. Kaku M, Tai M, Kawata T, Fujita T, Motokawa M, Ohtani J, et al. Mesenchymal stem cell-induced cranial suture-like gap in rats. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2011;127:69-77 pubmed publisher
    ..Because cranial sutures are important for cranial bone growth, the authors examined whether mesenchymal stem cells could aid with suture reformation in adolescent rats...
  39. Bouchoux G, Bader K, Korfhagen J, Raymond J, Shivashankar R, Abruzzo T, et al. Experimental validation of a finite-difference model for the prediction of transcranial ultrasound fields based on CT images. Phys Med Biol. 2012;57:8005-22 pubmed publisher
    ..88 for transmitted and reflected waves amplitude, respectively) demonstrated that this model is suitable for a quantitative estimation of acoustic fields generated during 40-200 kHz ultrasound-enhanced ischemic stroke treatment...
  40. Powell B, Passalacqua N, Baumer T, Fenton T, Haut R. Fracture patterns on the infant porcine skull following severe blunt impact. J Forensic Sci. 2012;57:312-7 pubmed publisher
    ..fracture on infant porcine skulls aged 2-28 days (n = 57) because of a single, high energy blunt impact to the parietal bone with rigid (nondeformable) and compliant (deformable) interfaces...
  41. Bruner E, De La Cuétara J, HOLLOWAY R. A bivariate approach to the variation of the parietal curvature in the genus homo. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2011;294:1548-56 pubmed publisher
  42. Wong R, Rabie A. Effect of Danshen extract on bone formation. Ann R Australas Coll Dent Surg. 2008;19:171-4 pubmed
    ..The authors' laboratory compared the amount of new bone formed in collagen matrix with Danshen extract with that produced by bone graft and collagen matrix alone...
  43. Ochiai H, Kawano H, Miyaoka R, Kawano N, Shimao Y, Kawasaki K. Primary diffuse large B-cell lymphomas of the temporoparietal dura mater and scalp without intervening skull bone invasion. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2010;50:595-8 pubmed
  44. Proctor M. Endoscopic cranial suture release for the treatment of craniosynostosis--is it the future?. J Craniofac Surg. 2012;23:225-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In this article, the author discusses why this is not simply a return to failed techniques of the past and reviews the status of endoscopic surgery at Children's Hospital Boston...
  45. Lai R, Zhou Z, Chen T. Accelerating bone generation and bone mineralization in the Interparietal sutures of rats using an rhBMP-2/ACS composite after rapid expansion. Exp Anim. 2013;62:189-96 pubmed
    ..Thus, the rhBMP-2/ACS composite may be therapeutically beneficial to the inhibition of relapse and shortening of the retention period during rapid expansion. ..
  46. Levi B, Nelson E, Hyun J, Glotzbach J, Li S, Nauta A, et al. Enhancement of human adipose-derived stromal cell angiogenesis through knockdown of a BMP-2 inhibitor. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2012;129:53-66 pubmed publisher
  47. Kilinc H, Bilen B. A new approach to retroauricular flap transfer: parietal branch-based reverse flow superior auricular artery island flap. Ann Plast Surg. 2006;56:380-3 pubmed
    ..This flap is thought to be advantageous for the repair of defects and traumas of the forehead and upper eyelid as the pedicle does not develop torsion and dissection is easy...
  48. Vandevyver V, Lemmerling M, Verstraete K. Multiple growing skull fractures. JBR-BTR. 2007;90:52 pubmed
  49. Mortenson P, Steinbok P. Quantifying positional plagiocephaly: reliability and validity of anthropometric measurements. J Craniofac Surg. 2006;17:413-9 pubmed
    ..31). Development of a stable and meaningful measurement system for the extent of plagiocephaly is needed to allow scientific studies of the natural history of plagiocephaly and effectiveness of interventions...
  50. Miranda S, Nary Filho H, Padovan L, Ribeiro D, Nicolielo D, Matsumoto M. Use of platelet-rich plasma under autogenous onlay bone grafts. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2006;17:694-9 pubmed
    ..To analyze the healing of autogenous onlay bone grafts in three different situations, focusing on the interface area...
  51. Aybar Odstrcil A, Territoriale E, Missana L. An experimental model in calvaria to evaluate bone therapies. Acta Odontol Latinoam. 2005;18:63-7 pubmed
    ..Thus, a circular defect 5 mm in diameter in rat calvaria would be an appropriate experimental model to study bone therapies...
  52. Tubbs R, Salter E, Wellons J, Blount J, Oakes W. The sphenoparietal sinus. Neurosurgery. 2007;60:ONS9-12; discussion ONS12 pubmed
    ..The sphenoparietal sinus can potentially be encountered with cranial base approaches near the lesser wing of the sphenoid bone and may be found as one surgically traverses the superior orbital fissure...
  53. Kobus K, Wegrzyn M, Lekston Z, Morawiec H, Drugacz J. Modeling of scaphocephaly using superelastic titanium-nickel rings: a preliminary report. J Craniofac Surg. 2007;18:504-10 pubmed
    ..Observations made so far and good treatment results indicate purposefulness of discussed treatment continuation...