frontal bone

Summary

Summary: The bone that forms the frontal aspect of the skull. Its flat part forms the forehead, articulating inferiorly with the NASAL BONE and the CHEEK BONE on each side of the face.

Top Publications

  1. Fujimoto A, Tsuboi K, Ishikawa E, Nose H, Nose T. Surgery improves vision and cosmetic appearance of an adult patient with fibrous dysplasia of the frontal bone. J Clin Neurosci. 2004;11:95-7 pubmed
    ..Surgical indication and neuroradiological findings of cranial FD are discussed as well as a review of the literatures...
  2. van der Meulen J, Nazir P, Mathijssen I, van Adrichem L, Ongkosuwito E, Stolk Liefferink S, et al. Bitemporal depressions after cranioplasty for trigonocephaly: a long-term evaluation of (supra) orbital growth in 92 patients. J Craniofac Surg. 2008;19:72-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The growth rate of the anterotemporal area (Losp) was shown to be the lowest, which could explain the bitemporal depressions so often seen after a frontosupraorbital cranioplasty...
  3. Hakan T, Vardar Aker F. Chondromyxoid fibroma of frontal bone: a case report and review of the literature. Turk Neurosurg. 2008;18:249-53 pubmed
    ..a well-defined expansive lesion with a sclerotic margin measuring approximately 3 cm in diameter in the right frontal bone. On MRI, T1-weighted images revealed a well circumscribed, lobulated and strongly enhancing lesion...
  4. Quarto N, Behr B, Li S, Longaker M. Differential FGF ligands and FGF receptors expression pattern in frontal and parietal calvarial bones. Cells Tissues Organs. 2009;190:158-69 pubmed publisher
    ..pattern of the major FGF osteogenic molecules and their receptors exists between the neural crest-derived frontal bone and the paraxial mesoderm-derived parietal bone...
  5. Abuzayed B, Dashti R, Turk O, Kaynar M. Aneurysmal frontal bone cyst in a child with history of acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a case of rare location and history. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2010;32:e1-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Brain computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a cystic bone lesion in the right frontal bone. A preoperative diagnosis of myeloproliferative disorder was made and it was surgically resected and ..
  6. Cormier J, Manoogian S, Bisplinghoff J, Rowson S, Santago A, McNally C, et al. The tolerance of the frontal bone to blunt impact. J Biomech Eng. 2011;133:021004 pubmed publisher
    The current understanding of the tolerance of the frontal bone to blunt impact is limited...
  7. Chung I, Han J, Iwata J, Chai Y. Msx1 and Dlx5 function synergistically to regulate frontal bone development. Genesis. 2010;48:645-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Msx1 and Dlx5 show overlapping expression patterns during frontal bone development...
  8. van der Meulen J, Willemsen J, van der Vlugt J, Nazir P, Hilling D, Mathijssen I, et al. On the origin of bitemporal hollowing. J Craniofac Surg. 2009;20:752-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the growth process of the periorbital region after correction for trigonocephaly in the long term...
  9. van der Meulen J, van Der Hulst R, van Adrichem L, Arnaud E, Chin Shong D, Duncan C, et al. The increase of metopic synostosis: a pan-European observation. J Craniofac Surg. 2009;20:283-6 pubmed
    ..05). The number of metopic synostosis has significantly increased over the reviewed period in all of our units, both in absolute numbers as in comparison to the total number of craniosynostosis...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Davis C, Lauritzen C. Frontobasal suture distraction corrects hypotelorism in metopic synostosis. J Craniofac Surg. 2009;20:121-4 pubmed publisher
    ..We postulated that spring-induced shear forces and subsequent displacement across the frontobasal sutures are the primary initial mechanisms for change in cranio-orbital morphology...
  2. Agrawal A, Dulani R, Mahadevan A, Vagaha S, Vagha J, Shankar S. Primary Ewing's sarcoma of the frontal bone with intracranial extension. J Cancer Res Ther. 2009;5:208-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We report a case of an 11-year-old male child with primary Ewing's sarcoma of the frontal bone with intracranial extension...
  3. Goyal R, Saikia U, Vashishta R, Gulati G, Sharma R. Intraosseous schwannoma of the frontal bone. Orthopedics. 2008;31:281 pubmed
    ..This article presents a case of intraosseous schwannoma in the frontal bone in an 11-year-old boy...
  4. Dogan S, Kocaeli H, Sahin S, Korfali E, Saraydaroglu O. Large cavernous hemangioma of the frontal bone. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2005;45:264-7 pubmed
    A 53-year-old woman presented with a rare case of cavernous hemangioma of the frontal bone manifesting as right frontal stabbing headache and local swelling...
  5. Chibbaro S, Tacconi L. Orbito-cranial injuries caused by penetrating non-missile foreign bodies. Experience with eighteen patients. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2006;148:937-41; discussion 941-2 pubmed
    ..Penetrating non-missile orbito-cranial injuries are uncommon civilian injuries which have some special features. Only limited case-reports are available in the international literature...
  6. Hinojosa J, Esparza J, García Recuero I, Romance A. [Endoscopically assisted fronto-orbitary correction in trigonocephaly]. Cir Pediatr. 2007;20:33-8 pubmed
  7. Nasser K, Hayashi N, Kurosaki K, Hasegawa S, Kurimoto M, Mohammed A, et al. Intraosseous cavernous hemangioma of the frontal bone. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2007;47:506-8 pubmed
    ..Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a small mass lesion with bone erosion of the posterior table of the frontal bone. Preoperative examination yielded no final diagnosis. En bloc resection was performed...
  8. Nahles G, Schaeper F, Bier J, Klein M. An intraosseous lipoma in the frontal bone--a case report. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2004;33:408-10 pubmed
    ..A rare case of a recurrent intraosseous lipoma affecting the frontoparietal skull is reported. The diagnostic difficulties, histopathologic features and surgical therapy are presented...
  9. Ishii M, Merrill A, Chan Y, Gitelman I, Rice D, Sucov H, et al. Msx2 and Twist cooperatively control the development of the neural crest-derived skeletogenic mesenchyme of the murine skull vault. Development. 2003;130:6131-42 pubmed
    ..the calvarial foramen defect in Msx2 mutant mice to a group of skeletogenic mesenchyme cells that compose the frontal bone rudiment...
  10. Eppley B, Hollier L, Stal S. Hydroxyapatite cranioplasty: 2. Clinical experience with a new quick-setting material. J Craniofac Surg. 2003;14:209-14 pubmed
    ..Infection occurred in 3 patients (5%) which was treated by removing the HA cranioplastic material. This faster-setting HA material offers similar cranioplastic benefits as other materials but with an accelerated intraoperative set time...
  11. Bucheler M, Weihe S, Eufinger H, Wehmöller M, Bootz F. [Reconstruction of the frontal bone with individual titanium implants after surgical therapy of osteomyelitis of the frontal bone]. HNO. 2002;50:339-46 pubmed
    Individually prefabricated titanium implants enable the reconstruction of the frontal bone after surgical therapy of osteomyelitis without compromising mechanical stability or aesthetic results...
  12. Lath R, Ranjan A, Ratnam B, Gowrishankar S. Desmoplastic fibroma of the frontal bone. Neurol India. 2006;54:314-5 pubmed
    Desmoplastic fibroma is a benign but locally aggressive tumor arising usually from the mandible, pelvis and long bones with a potential for recurrence. We report a case of desmoplastic fibroma of the frontal bone in a young male.
  13. Han J, Ishii M, Bringas P, Maas R, Maxson R, Chai Y. Concerted action of Msx1 and Msx2 in regulating cranial neural crest cell differentiation during frontal bone development. Mech Dev. 2007;124:729-45 pubmed
    ..Although Msx1 and Msx2 are both expressed throughout the entire development of the frontal bone, the frontal bone defect in Msx1 or Msx2 null mutants is rather mild, suggesting the possibility of functional ..
  14. Andersen N, Bovim G, Sjaastad O. The frontotemporal peripheral nerves. Topographic variations of the supraorbital, supratrochlear and auriculotemporal nerves and their possible clinical significance. Surg Radiol Anat. 2001;23:97-104 pubmed
    ..Some of the observed structures associated with the nerve might be pain-generators, however the present study does not provide any evidence for such a hypothesis...
  15. Oh A, Greene A, Mulliken J, Rogers G. Prevention of temporal depression that follows fronto-orbital advancement for craniosynostosis. J Craniofac Surg. 2006;17:980-5 pubmed
    ..The temporalis muscle is rotated, advanced, and secured to the bandeau. Bone mush is used to fill the remaining superior coronal and donor site defects. Representative case examples are presented...
  16. Greenberg B, Schneider S. Trigonocephaly: surgical considerations and long term evaluation. J Craniofac Surg. 2006;17:528-35 pubmed
    ..Radiographic findings include ovoid orbits with parallel medial borders, thickened keel-shaped frontal bone, small ethmoid sinuses, and a short anterior cranial fossa with pitched sphenoid wings...
  17. Athreya S. Patterning of geographic variation in Middle Pleistocene Homo frontal bone morphology. J Hum Evol. 2006;50:627-43 pubmed
    A quantitative assessment of the frontal bone morphology of a sample of Middle Pleistocene hominins was undertaken in order to address questions regarding their population structure and evolutionary history...
  18. Honig J, Merten H, Nitsch A, Verheggen R. Contouring of cranial vault irregularities with hydroxyapatite cement: a clinical and experimental investigation. J Craniofac Surg. 2005;16:457-60 pubmed
    ..Twenty-one patients were treated for residual cranial frontal bone defects after craniotomy with HAC (Bone Source, Stryker Leibinger GmbH, D-79111 Freiburg, Germany)...
  19. Patel T, Borah G. Frontal bone periosteal osteomas. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2004;114:648-51 pubmed
    ..sinus is the most frequent location of cranial osteomas, they are also occasionally seen involving only the frontal bone periosteum...
  20. Azimi C, Kennedy S, Chitayat D, Chakraborty P, Clarke J, Forrest C, et al. Clinical and genetic aspects of trigonocephaly: a study of 25 cases. Am J Med Genet A. 2003;117A:127-35 pubmed
    ..An investigation to delineate the underlying cause of trigonocephaly is indicated because of its important implications on medical management for the patient and the reproductive plans for the family...
  21. Saylam C, Ozer M, Ozek C, Gurler T. Anatomical variations of the frontal and supraorbital transcranial passages. J Craniofac Surg. 2003;14:10-2 pubmed
    ..Types of these passages were also evaluated, and frequencies were calculated. Measurements were made using a digital compass, and the student t test was used in the statistical evaluation of results...
  22. Vu H, Panchal J, Parker E, Levine N, Francel P. The timing of physiologic closure of the metopic suture: a review of 159 patients using reconstructed 3D CT scans of the craniofacial region. J Craniofac Surg. 2001;12:527-32 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the normal physiologic timing of the closure of the metopic suture in non-craniosynostotic patients...
  23. Sasaki T, Ito Y, Bringas P, Chou S, Urata M, Slavkin H, et al. TGFbeta-mediated FGF signaling is crucial for regulating cranial neural crest cell proliferation during frontal bone development. Development. 2006;133:371-81 pubmed
    The murine frontal bone derives entirely from the cranial neural crest (CNC) and consists of the calvarial (lateral) aspect that covers the frontal lobe of brain and the orbital aspect that forms the roof of bony orbit...
  24. Lin W, Wu H, Wei C, Chang C. Aneurysmal bone cyst arising from fibrous dysplasia of the frontal bone (2004:2b). Eur Radiol. 2004;14:930-2 pubmed
  25. Rupprecht S, Merten H, Kessler P, Wiltfang J. Hydroxyapatite cement (BoneSource) for repair of critical sized calvarian defects--an experimental study. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2003;31:149-53 pubmed
    ..In an experimental study the hydroxyapatite cement BoneSource was tested for the ability in relation to the defect size and for its resorption properties...
  26. Okada H, Gosain A. Current approaches to management of nonsyndromic craniosynostosis. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012;20:310-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This review highlights recent developments and discusses the risks as well as benefits of each...
  27. Tacon L, Parkinson J, Hudson B, Brewer J, Little N, Clifton Bligh R. Headache of a diagnosis: frontotemporal pain and inflammation associated with osteolysis. Med J Aust. 2008;189:591-2 pubmed
    ..until a soft tissue abscess formed, and Pott's puffy tumour associated with Prevotella osteomyelitis of the frontal bone was diagnosed...
  28. Komuro Y, Shimizu A, Ueda A, Miyajima M, Nakanishi H, Arai H. Whole cranial vault expansion by continual occipital and fronto-orbital distraction in syndromic craniosynostosis. J Craniofac Surg. 2011;22:269-72 pubmed publisher
    ..We applied the distraction osteogenesis technique for skull expansion and performed occipital expansion and fronto-orbital advancement in succession...
  29. Shin J, Choi I, Jung S, Kwon H, Shon W, Moon S. Pott puffy tumor appearing with a frontocutaneous fistula. J Craniofac Surg. 2012;23:e158-60 pubmed publisher
    ..tumor is defined as a forehead-localized swelling with overlying subperiosteal abscess and osteomyelitis of the frontal bone. It is an uncommon disease entity and more rarely reported with its frontocutaneous fistula...
  30. Nassif P, Kulbersh J. Rhinoplasty and bony vault complications. Facial Plast Surg. 2012;28:303-9 pubmed publisher
    ..When complications arise, it is imperative to identify the irregularity and undertake the corrective measures. This article highlights possible complications of bony nasal vault surgery and their etiologies, appearances, and management...
  31. Siminas S, Burn S, Corbett H. Colon atresia and frontal encephalocele: a rare association. J Pediatr Surg. 2011;46:e25-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We present a case of an infant with colonic atresia and a frontal encephalocele and believe this to be a newly reported association. We review possible pathogenic mechanisms...
  32. Laure B, Petraud A, Sury F, Tranquart F, Goga D. Resistance of the sheep skull after a monocortical cranial graft harvest. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2012;40:261-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of our study is to quantify the loss of strength due to a monocortical cranial bone graft harvest in sheep...
  33. Liu S, Opperman L, Kyung H, Buschang P. Is there an optimal force level for sutural expansion?. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2011;139:446-55 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to establish the causal relationships between expansion force magnitudes, sutural separation, and sutural bone formation...
  34. Cascone P, Piero C, Gennaro P, Paolo G, Ramieri V, Valerio R, et al. Forehead trauma outcomes: restoration of brain, soft tissues, and bone defects: a 3-step treatment. J Craniofac Surg. 2009;20:498-501 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, the peculiar technique that led to the good result was to create a barrier between bone layer and soft tissues. The authors present their personal suggestions for the best functional and aesthetic outcome...
  35. Kruse A, Jung R, Nicholls F, Zwahlen R, Hämmerle C, Weber F. Bone regeneration in the presence of a synthetic hydroxyapatite/silica oxide-based and a xenogenic hydroxyapatite-based bone substitute material. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2011;22:506-11 pubmed publisher
    ..A comparison of synthetic hydroxyapatite/silica oxide, xenogenic hydroxyapatite-based bone substitute materials with empty control sites in terms of bone regeneration enhancement in a rabbit calvarial four non-critical-sized defect model...
  36. Fournie B, Zabraniecki L, Lemaire O, Plaut Gaty M, Poix Jover E. Posttraumatic psoriatic osteitis of the frontal bone successfully treated with etanercept. Report of a case. Joint Bone Spine. 2010;77:78-80 pubmed publisher
    We report a case of aseptic osteomyelitis of the frontal bone that developed after a local injury in an 8-year-old girl with psoriasis of the scalp as a predisposing factor. Follow-up was 36 years (1972 to 2008)...
  37. Strong E. Endoscopic repair of anterior table frontal sinus fractures. Facial Plast Surg. 2009;25:43-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Disadvantages include a moderate learning curve, narrow field of view, lack of depth perception, and the fact that the surgeon cannot operate bimanually without an assistant...
  38. Bustamante J, Miquelini L, D Agustini M, Fontana A. [Applied anatomy of the fontanelles]. Neurocirugia (Astur). 2010;21:253-9 pubmed
    ..To make a description of the anatomy of fontanelles and to update what is currently known about their applications...
  39. Sakata Y, Hadeishi H, Moroi J. Cosmetic frontotemporal craniotomy using an osteotome: technical note. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2013;53:635-7 pubmed
    ..craniotomy is usually performed using a "keyhole," made at the union of the zygomatic arch and frontal bone. Consequently, skull depression may occur postoperatively, leading to temporal area deformities and poor ..
  40. Takahashi Y, Nakamura Y, Nakano T, Asamoto K, Iwaki M, Selva D, et al. The narrowest part of the bony nasolacrimal canal: an anatomical study. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2013;29:318-22 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine the narrowest diameter of the bony nasolacrimal canal...
  41. Engel M, Castrillon Oberndorfer G, Hoffmann J, Muhling J, Seeberger R, Freudlsperger C. Long-term results in nonsyndromatic unilateral coronal synostosis treated with fronto-orbital advancement. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2013;41:747-54 pubmed publisher
    ..To minimize the need of re-operations, fronto-orbital advancement should be performed with an overcorrection on the affected side. ..
  42. Moazen M, Costantini D, Bruner E. A sensitivity analysis to the role of the fronto-parietal suture in Lacerta bilineata: a preliminary finite element study. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2013;296:198-209 pubmed publisher
    ..This study raises the question whether the morphogenesis of epidermic scales in the FP region in the Lacertidae is related to high strain fields in this region, because of micromovement in the FP suture...
  43. Bruner E, Mantini S, Ripani M. Landmark-based analysis of the morphological relationship between endocranial shape and traces of the middle meningeal vessels. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2009;292:518-27 pubmed publisher
    ..This is rather relevant when the marked development of the meningeal network in Homo sapiens is taken into account, compared with the patterns described for nonmodern human species...
  44. Freidline S, Gunz P, Jankovic I, Harvati K, Hublin J. A comprehensive morphometric analysis of the frontal and zygomatic bone of the Zuttiyeh fossil from Israel. J Hum Evol. 2012;62:225-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Neanderthals largely retained this generalized overall morphology, whereas recent modern humans depart from this presumably ancestral morphology...
  45. MacKinnon S, Rogers G, Gregas M, Proctor M, Mulliken J, Dagi L. Treatment of unilateral coronal synostosis by endoscopic strip craniectomy or fronto-orbital advancement: Ophthalmologic findings. J AAPOS. 2009;13:155-60 pubmed publisher
    ..We compare the incidence and severity of V-pattern strabismus and aniso-astigmatism in children treated by these 2 procedures...
  46. Reichwein A, Schicho K, Moser D, Seemann R, Poeschl P, Baumann A, et al. Clinical experiences with resorbable ultrasonic-guided, angle-stable osteosynthesis in the panfacial region. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2009;67:1211-7 pubmed publisher
  47. Daza J, Bauer A. The circumorbital bones of the Gekkota (Reptilia: Squamata). Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2010;293:402-13 pubmed publisher
    ..The supraorbital bones of squamates are reviewed and some problems of homology are evaluated using recent phylogenenetic hypothesis...
  48. Salma A, Lubow M, Scheffer A, Ammirati M. Endoscopic orbital roof fenestration as an alternative treatment option for idiopathic intracranial hypertension: a cadaveric anatomical study. J Neuroophthalmol. 2011;31:25-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This procedure is predicated on intraorbital absorptive capability that has been demonstrated in animals and discussed in humans...
  49. Tuncbilek G, Korkusuz P, Ozgur F. Effects of iloprost on calvarial sutures. J Craniofac Surg. 2008;19:1472-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Cranial sutures, calvarial bones, and cranial shape of the babies of the pregnant patients who were treated with iloprost should be monitored to clarify the topic...
  50. Stockmann P, Park J, von Wilmowsky C, Nkenke E, Felszeghy E, Dehner J, et al. Guided bone regeneration in pig calvarial bone defects using autologous mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells - a comparison of different tissue sources. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2012;40:310-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicate that the efficiency of autologous AD-MSC, PD-MSC and BM-MSC transplantation following ex vivo cell expansion is not significantly different for the guided regeneration of bone defects...
  51. Buschang P, Jacob H, Demirjian A. Female adolescent craniofacial growth spurts: real or fiction?. Eur J Orthod. 2013;35:819-25 pubmed publisher
  52. Frongia G, Bracco P, Piancino M. Three-dimensional cephalometry: a method for the identification and for the orientation of the skull after cone-bean computed tomographic scan. J Craniofac Surg. 2013;24:e308-11 pubmed publisher
    ..The innovation of this new method is the real possibility to use the anatomical structures in a 3-dimensional way, enhancing the reliability of the reference points...
  53. Ristow O, Gerngroß C, Schwaiger M, Hohlweg Majert B, Kehl V, Jansen H, et al. Is bone turnover of jawbone and its possible over suppression by bisphosphonates of etiologic importance in pathogenesis of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis?. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2014;72:903-10 pubmed publisher