turbinates

Summary

Summary: The scroll-like bony plates with curved margins on the lateral wall of the NASAL CAVITY. Turbinates, also called nasal concha, increase the surface area of nasal cavity thus providing a mechanism for rapid warming and humidification of air as it passes to the lung.

Top Publications

  1. Cankaya H, Egeli E, Kutluhan A, Kiris M. Pneumatization of the concha inferior as a cause of nasal obstruction. Rhinology. 2001;39:109-11 pubmed
    Chronic nasal obstruction is a common disorder. Hypertrophy of the inferior turbinates is responsible for nasal obstruction more frequently than it is commonly thought...
  2. Zaravinos A, Bizakis J, Spandidos D. Prevalence of human papilloma virus and human herpes virus types 1-7 in human nasal polyposis. J Med Virol. 2009;81:1613-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Two types of control tissues were used: adjacent inferior/middle turbinates from the patients and inferior/middle turbinates from 13 patients undergoing nasal corrective surgery...
  3. Ozcan K, Gedikli Y, Ozcan I, Pasaoglu L, Dere H. Microdebrider for reduction of inferior turbinate: evaluation of effectiveness by computed tomography. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;37:463-8 pubmed
    ..Computed tomography (CT) is commonly employed to show the reduction in the inferior turbinate after surgery; however, measurements on the scans are rarely made...
  4. Esposito S, Molteni C, Daleno C, Valzano A, Tagliabue C, Galeone C, et al. Collection by trained pediatricians or parents of mid-turbinate nasal flocked swabs for the detection of influenza viruses in childhood. Virol J. 2010;7:85 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, the direct involvement of parents significantly increases patient acceptance, thus simplifying collection and suggesting that this novel swab design should be considered for epidemiological surveys and vaccine efficacy studies...
  5. Hwang S, Kim S, Park S, Choi M, Kang H, Seol Y, et al. Human inferior turbinate: an alternative tissue source of multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012;147:568-74 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aimed to explore potential new sources of multipotent MSCs for use in tissue regeneration and the functional restoration of organs...
  6. Hewitt K, Orlandi R. Suture medialization of the middle turbinates during endoscopic sinus surgery. Ear Nose Throat J. 2008;87:E11 pubmed
    ..We conducted a retrospective review of suture medializations of 157 middle turbinates in 85 patients who had undergone endoscopic sinus surgery to ascertain the incidence of postoperative middle ..
  7. Ozcan K, Selcuk A, Ozcan I, Akdogan O, Dere H. Anatomical variations of nasal turbinates. J Craniofac Surg. 2008;19:1678-82 pubmed publisher
    ..the widespread use of endoscopic sinus surgery and paranasal sinus computed tomography, many variations of nasal turbinates have been described...
  8. Jun B, Song S, Kim B, Kim B, Seo J, Kang J, et al. A comparative analysis of intranasal volume and olfactory function using a three-dimensional reconstruction of paranasal sinus computed tomography, with a focus on the airway around the turbinates. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2010;267:1389-95 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the intranasal airway around the turbinates and olfactory function. In total, 32 nostrils of 16 patients who were awaiting septal surgery were involved in this study...
  9. Cho H, Joo N, Wine J. Defective fluid secretion from submucosal glands of nasal turbinates from CFTR-/- and CFTR (?F508/?F508) pigs. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e24424 pubmed publisher
    ..We asked if glands from pig nasal turbinates have secretory responses similar to those of tracheal glands and if CF nasal glands show reduced fluid ..

More Information

Publications62

  1. Hauser S, Widera D, Qunneis F, Müller J, Zander C, Greiner J, et al. Isolation of novel multipotent neural crest-derived stem cells from adult human inferior turbinate. Stem Cells Dev. 2012;21:742-56 pubmed publisher
    ..In contrast to superior and middle turbinates, high amounts of source material could be isolated from human inferior turbinates...
  2. Willatt D. The evidence for reducing inferior turbinates. Rhinology. 2009;47:227-36 pubmed
    ..However selecting a particular technique should take account of the individual patient's features, the surgeon's experience and judgement and informed patient choice...
  3. Patou J, Gevaert P, Van Zele T, Holtappels G, Van Cauwenberge P, Bachert C. Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B, protein A, and lipoteichoic acid stimulations in nasal polyps. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008;121:110-5 pubmed
    ..Increasing evidence points toward a modifying role of Staphylococcus aureus and its products in the pathogenesis of nasal polyposis...
  4. Okuyucu S, Akoglu E, Dagli A. Concha bullosa pyocele. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2008;265:373-5 pubmed
    ..As pus was discharged whilst performing an endoscopic biopsy to determine whether it was neoplastic, the lateral aspect of the turbinate was excised to complete the procedure...
  5. Philpott C, Wild D, Guzail M, Murty G. Variability of vascularity in nasal mucosa as demonstrated by CD34 immunohistochemistry. Clin Otolaryngol. 2005;30:373-5 pubmed
    ..0003, 0.01). Suggests biopsies can be taken from any site on the lateral wall and give a representative sampling of the vascularity for research purposes...
  6. Gierek T, Jura Szołtys E. [Long-term results after argon plasma coagulation (APC) inferior turbinates reduction]. Otolaryngol Pol. 2007;61:63-8 pubmed
    ..Medical treatment often produces insufficient improvements. In these cases, surgical reduction of inferior turbinates can be proposed...
  7. Lindemann J, Keck T, Wiesmiller K, Rettinger G, Brambs H, Pless D. Numerical simulation of intranasal air flow and temperature after resection of the turbinates. Rhinology. 2005;43:24-8 pubmed
    Radical surgical resection of the turbinates leads to a reduced intranasal air conditioning. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of turbinate resection on intranasal heating and airflow patterns using a numerical simulation.
  8. Braun H, Stammberger H. Pneumatization of turbinates. Laryngoscope. 2003;113:668-72 pubmed
    To present unusual computed tomography (CT) findings concerning huge pneumatization of turbinates and paranasal sinuses in one patient...
  9. Ottaviani F, Capaccio P, Cesana B, Manzo R, Peri A. Argon plasma coagulation in the treatment of nonallergic hypertrophic inferior nasal turbinates. Am J Otolaryngol. 2003;24:306-10 pubmed
    Various surgical procedures have been recently proposed for the treatment of hypertrophic inferior nasal turbinates as a result of the advances made in medical technology and growing public demand for minimally invasive therapies...
  10. Kiroglu A, Cankaya H, Yuca K, Kara T, Kiris M. Isolated turbinitis and pneumatization of the concha inferior in a child. Am J Otolaryngol. 2007;28:67-8 pubmed
    ..Although there is only 1 reported case of pediatric inferior concha bullosa before, this case is the first pneumatized inferior concha with associated isolated turbinitis...
  11. Bucholtz G, Salzman S, Bersalona F, Boyle T, Ejercito V, Penno L, et al. PCR analysis of nasal polyps, chronic sinusitis, and hypertrophied turbinates for DNA encoding bacterial 16S rRNA. Am J Rhinol. 2002;16:169-73 pubmed
    ..Previously, Mycoplasma pneumoniae-specific DNA was detected in human nasal polyps using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques, suggesting M. pneumoniae as a causative agent in the etiology of nasal polyps...
  12. Jang Y, Lee S, Kwon H, Chung Y, Lee B. Development of rhinovirus study model using organ culture of turbinate mucosa. J Virol Methods. 2005;125:41-7 pubmed
    ..Our results indicate that the air-liquid interface organ culture of turbinate mucosa could serve as an acceptable in vitro model for studying RV infection...
  13. Stallman J, Lobo J, Som P. The incidence of concha bullosa and its relationship to nasal septal deviation and paranasal sinus disease. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2004;25:1613-8 pubmed
    ..However, to our knowledge, no study has evaluated concha bullosa in relation to nasal septal deviation. We sought to analyze the incidence of concha bullosa and any correlation with nasal septal deviation and paranasal sinus disease...
  14. Chen Y, Tan C, Huang H. Long-term efficacy of microdebrider-assisted inferior turbinoplasty with lateralization for hypertrophic inferior turbinates in patients with perennial allergic rhinitis. Laryngoscope. 2008;118:1270-4 pubmed publisher
    The aim of the study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy of microdebrider-assisted inferior turbinoplasty with lateralization (MAITL) compared to submucosal resection for hypertrophic inferior turbinates.
  15. Koh L, Zakharov A, Nagra G, Armstrong D, Friendship R, Johnston M. Development of cerebrospinal fluid absorption sites in the pig and rat: connections between the subarachnoid space and lymphatic vessels in the olfactory turbinates. Anat Embryol (Berl). 2006;211:335-44 pubmed
  16. Ingram W, Richardson B. Concha bullosa of an inferior turbinate. Ear Nose Throat J. 2003;82:605-7 pubmed
    ..We present the 11th such case, which we discovered during an evaluation of a patient who had chronic rhinosinusitis with allergic manifestations...
  17. Aktas D, Kalcioglu M, Kutlu R, Ozturan O, Oncel S. The relationship between the concha bullosa, nasal septal deviation and sinusitis. Rhinology. 2003;41:103-6 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the possible relationship between concha bullosa, nasal septal deviation and sinusitis...
  18. Janda P, Sroka R, Baumgartner R, Grevers G, Leunig A. Laser treatment of hyperplastic inferior nasal turbinates: a review. Lasers Surg Med. 2001;28:404-13 pubmed
    Since the early 80s various types of lasers have been used for the reduction of hyperplastic inferior nasal turbinates. Up to now many studies have revealed a variety of important information...
  19. Clement W, White P. Trends in turbinate surgery literature: a 35-year review. Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 2001;26:124-8 pubmed
    ..Properly conducted randomised controlled trials are required to establish whether there is a long-term patient benefit from these commonly performed operations...
  20. Sroka R, Janda P, Killian T, Vaz F, Betz C, Leunig A. Comparison of long term results after Ho:YAG and diode laser treatment of hyperplastic inferior nasal turbinates. Lasers Surg Med. 2007;39:324-31 pubmed
    Various laser systems have been used to reduce the volume of hyperplastic inferior nasal turbinates during the last 25 years...
  21. Unlu H, Altuntas A, Aslan A, Eskiizmir G, Yucel A. Inferior concha bullosa. J Otolaryngol. 2002;31:62-4 pubmed
  22. Jornot L, Grouzmann E, Lacroix J, Rochat T. BDNF and DPP-IV in polyps and middle turbinates epithelial cells. Rhinology. 2007;45:129-33 pubmed
    ..We therefore assessed in primary human nasal epithelial cells the expression of DPP-IV and BDNF under basal and inflammatory conditions...
  23. Yang B, Chong V, Wang Z, Xian J, Chen Q. CT appearance of pneumatized inferior turbinate. Clin Radiol. 2008;63:901-5 pubmed publisher
    ..To study the computed tomography (CT) features of pneumatized inferior turbinate (PIT)...
  24. Joniau S, Wong I, Rajapaksa S, Carney S, Wormald P. Long-term comparison between submucosal cauterization and powered reduction of the inferior turbinates. Laryngoscope. 2006;116:1612-6 pubmed
    To evaluate the results of powered turbinoplasty and to compare these with submucosal cauterization of the inferior turbinates.
  25. Lindemann J, Leiacker R, Sikora T, Rettinger G, Keck T. Impact of unilateral sinus surgery with resection of the turbinates by means of midfacial degloving on nasal air conditioning. Laryngoscope. 2002;112:2062-6 pubmed
    ..aim of the investigation was to determine the influence of radical sinus surgery with complete resection of the turbinates and the lateral nasal wall by means of midfacial degloving as treatment for inverted papilloma on the nasal ..
  26. Kayalioglu G, Oyar O, Govsa F. Nasal cavity and paranasal sinus bony variations: a computed tomographic study. Rhinology. 2000;38:108-13 pubmed
    ..These data provide very important information to guide the otolaryngologist and/or radiologist in the evaluation of patients with coronal CT which guides functional endoscopic sinus surgery...
  27. Brockmeier S, Register K, Magyar T, Lax A, Pullinger G, Kunkle R. Role of the dermonecrotic toxin of Bordetella bronchiseptica in the pathogenesis of respiratory disease in swine. Infect Immun. 2002;70:481-90 pubmed
    ..Therefore, production of DNT by B. bronchiseptica is necessary to produce the lesions of turbinate atrophy and bronchopneumonia in pigs infected with this organism...
  28. Aydin O, Ustundag E, Ciftci E, Keskin I. Pneumatization of the inferior turbinate. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2001;28:361-3 pubmed
    ..Only a few cases have been reported yet. In this paper we present two cases, one unilateral and one bilateral case with pneumatization of the inferior turbinate...
  29. Gocmen H, Oguz H, Ceylan K, Samim E. Infected inferior turbinate pneumatization. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2005;262:979-81 pubmed
    ..In this report, infection of this rare anatomical abnormality is presented for the first time and documented with acoustic rhinometry, CT and peroperative photography...
  30. Ishimaru T. Superior turbinate osteoma: a case report. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2005;32:291-3 pubmed
    ..This is a report of a 61-year-old female presenting superior turbinate osteoma with headaches. The osteoma was resected by endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and the patient was relieved of headaches...
  31. Alper F, Karasen R, Kantarci M. A massive superior concha bullosa: case report and literature review. Rhinology. 2004;42:38-40 pubmed
    The superior turbinate was the most neglected of the turbinates in the past...
  32. Magyar T, Kovacs F, Donkó T, Biro H, Romvari R, Kovacs M, et al. Turbinate atrophy evaluation in pigs by computed tomography. Acta Vet Hung. 2003;51:485-91 pubmed
    ..98, p < 0.0001) as well as between visual scoring of CT images and tissue/air area ratio determination (r = -0.82, p < 0.0001)...
  33. Mirante J, Christmas D, Yanagisawa E. Polyps arising in a concha bullosa of the middle turbinate. Ear Nose Throat J. 2003;82:241-2 pubmed
  34. Alfieri A, Jho H, Schettino R, Tschabitscher M. Endoscopic endonasal approach to the pterygopalatine fossa: anatomic study. Neurosurgery. 2003;52:374-78; discussion 378-80 pubmed
    ..We performed a cadaveric study through a minimally invasive endoscopic endonasal approach to the pterygopalatine fossa...
  35. Bäck L, Hytönen M, Malmberg H, Ylikoski J. Submucosal bipolar radiofrequency thermal ablation of inferior turbinates: a long-term follow-up with subjective and objective assessment. Laryngoscope. 2002;112:1806-12 pubmed
    To assess the efficacy and morbidity of bipolar radiofrequency thermal ablation of the inferior turbinates in patients with nasal obstruction caused by turbinate hypertrophy.
  36. Leunig A, Janda P, Sroka R, Baumgartner R, Grevers G. Ho:YAG laser treatment of hyperplastic inferior nasal turbinates. Laryngoscope. 1999;109:1690-5 pubmed
    ..The aim of this prospective clinical study was to assess the long-term effect of Ho:YAG laser in the treatment of hyperplastic inferior nasal turbinates.
  37. Delbrouck C, Gabius H, Kaltner H, Decaestecker C, Kiss R, Hassid S. Expression patterns of galectin-1 and galectin-3 in nasal polyps and middle and inferior turbinates in relation to growth regulation and immunosuppression. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2003;129:665-9 pubmed
    ..As a step to define the biochemical determinants relevant for growth regulation, we focused on endogenous lectins known for anti-apoptotic (galectin-3) and immunomodulatory (galectin-1) activities...
  38. Toledano A, Herraiz C, Mate A, Plaza G, Aparicio J, de los Santos G, et al. Mucocele of the middle turbinate: a case report. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2002;126:442-4 pubmed
  39. Passali D, Lauriello M, De Filippi A, Bellussi L. [Comparative study of most recent surgical techniques for the treatment of the hypertrophy of inferior turbinates]. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 1995;15:219-28 pubmed
    The choice among the several techniques carried out to treat the hypertrophy of inferior turbinates is still difficult and matter of great interest...
  40. Rohrich R, Krueger J, Adams W, Marple B. Rationale for submucous resection of hypertrophied inferior turbinates in rhinoplasty: an evolution. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2001;108:536-44; discussion 545-6 pubmed
    ..goals, an element of nasal airway obstruction can persist from failure to acknowledge the role of inferior turbinates. Surgically responsive inferior turbinate hypertrophy is frequently not addressed secondary to inadequate ..
  41. Christmas D, Merrell R, Mirante J, Yanagisawa E. Pneumatized inferior turbinate: report of three cases. Ear Nose Throat J. 2004;83:152-3 pubmed
  42. Ozcan C, Gorur K, Duce M. Massive bilateral inferior concha bullosa. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2002;111:100-1 pubmed
  43. Chen F, Deng J, Hong H, Xu R, Guo J, Hou W, et al. Extensive versus functional endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps and asthma: A 1-year study. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2016;30:143-8 pubmed publisher
    ..However, for CRSwNP that accompanies asthma, the results are not satisfying. Extensive endoscopic sinus surgery (EESS) aimed at reducing the inflammatory load has been indicated as a viable option for refractory chronic rhinosinusitis...
  44. Lee T, Huang C, Chen Y, Chang K, Fu C, Chang P. Medially originated inverted papilloma. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009;140:324-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the characteristics of medially originated inverted papilloma (MOIP) and compare them with laterally originated inverted papilloma (LOIP)...
  45. Gün R, Yorgancilar E, Bakır S, Ekici F, Akkus Z, Ari S, et al. The relationship between pneumatized middle turbinate and the anterior ethmoid roof dimensions: a radiologic study. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2013;270:1365-71 pubmed publisher
    ..The pneumatized middle turbinates were measured on the axial, vertical, and sagittal planes. The images of 101 patients were evaluated...
  46. Salzano F, Guastini L, Mora R, Dellepiane M, Salzano G, Santomauro V, et al. Nasal tactile sensitivity in elderly. Acta Otolaryngol. 2010;130:1389-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Although older people varied widely in tactile sensitivity, our results show that tactile thresholds increased with age...
  47. Polat S, Tanyeri H, Bilgi S. Arteriovenous hemangioma formation following radiofrequency ablation for inferior turbinate reduction. Ear Nose Throat J. 2011;90:E11-3 pubmed
    ..Complications of this type of excision are generally acceptable. We describe a case of RFA turbinate reduction that resulted in an unusual complication: the formation of an arteriovenous hemangioma...
  48. Haffey T, Pabon S, Hawley K, Hoschar A, Sindwani R. Exploring the clinical value and implications of routine pathological examination of septoplasty specimens. Laryngoscope. 2012;122:2373-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We explored the processing of tissues removed during septoplasty, examining the clinical value and implications of current practices...
  49. Robinson M, Donlon D, Harrison H, Houang M, Stammberger H, Wolf G. Variations of the paranasal sinuses in Melanesians as observed by CT. Rhinology. 2010;48:11-7 pubmed publisher
    ..1%.Because of contradictory findings in the literature as to the incidence of such variations between racial groups the authors are able to make only limited meaningful comparisons between their subjects and other such groups...
  50. Cassano M, Maselli Del Giudice A, Russo G, Russo L, Ciprandi G. The role of nasal cytology in the management of inferior turbinate hypertrophy. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2013;26:207-15 pubmed
    ..01). In conclusion, elevated number of eosinophils, in the nasal secretion of both allergic (allergic rhinitis) and non-allergic (NARES) patients with ITH, can be associated to a higher medical treatment failure rate...
  51. Gubisch W, Dacho A. [Faults and failure: aesthetic rhinoplasty plus brow, eyelid and conchal surgery]. Laryngorhinootologie. 2013;92 Suppl 1:S73-87 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore psychologic, social and psychiatric aspects will be discussed and handling with aesthetic patients explained...
  52. Shin J, Kang S, Hong Y, Jeun S, Kim S, Cho J, et al. Role of the superior turbinate when performing endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2014;73:73-8 pubmed publisher
  53. Weber W, Kracko D, Lehman M, Irvin C, Blair L, White R, et al. Inhalation exposure systems for the development of rodent models of sulfur mustard-induced pulmonary injury. Toxicol Mech Methods. 2010;20:14-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Intratracheal inhalation of SM vapors at a concentration of 5400 mg x min/m(3) resulted in homogeneous lung injury with no nasal degeneration...