uvula

Summary

Summary: A fleshy extension at the back of the soft palate that hangs above the opening of the throat.

Top Publications

  1. Han D, Ye J, Lin Z, Wang J, Wang J, Zhang Y. Revised uvulopalatopharyngoplasty with uvula preservation and its clinical study. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 2005;67:213-9 pubmed
    ..A revised uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) is reported for reducing the surgical complications without compromising the response...
  2. Benazzo M, Pagella F, Matti E, Zorzi S, Campanini A, Frassineti S, et al. Hyoidthyroidpexia as a treatment in multilevel surgery for obstructive sleep apnea. Acta Otolaryngol. 2008;128:680-4 pubmed publisher
    ..For these reasons, the careful study and selection of patients is fundamental in the surgical treatment of OSAS...
  3. Krishna S, Paul R. Hair tourniquet of the uvula. J Emerg Med. 2003;24:325-6 pubmed
  4. Yoruk O, Akgun M, Sutbeyaz Y, Aktan B, Ucuncu H, Tatar A, et al. Treatment of primary snoring using modified radiofrequency-assisted uvulopalatoplasty. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2009;266:1807-14 pubmed publisher
    ..05). Thus, MRAUP seems to be a promising technique for surgery as a treatment for snoring...
  5. Van Lierde K, van Borsel J, Moerman M, Van Cauwenberge P. Nasalance, nasality, voice, and articulation after uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. Laryngoscope. 2002;112:873-8 pubmed
    ..Because of removal of effective velar length, articulation problems of the uvular /R/ can occur in the Dutch language...
  6. Salem S, Patel N, Barwick T, Al Nahhas A, Howard D, Zerizer I, et al. Occult squamous cell carcinoma of the uvula detected by F-18 FDG PET/CT in a case of carcinoma of unknown primary in the head and neck. Clin Nucl Med. 2010;35:800-1 pubmed publisher
    ..PET/CT imaging was performed to detect the primary tumor site, which revealed a small metabolically-avid lesion in uvula, biopsy demonstrated SCC, the origin of metastatic disease...
  7. Walker M, Tian J, Shan X, Tamargo R, Ying H, Zee D. Lesions of the cerebellar nodulus and uvula impair downward pursuit. J Neurophysiol. 2008;100:1813-23 pubmed publisher
    ..and step-ramp (SR) pursuit in two rhesus monkeys, before and after surgical lesions of the cerebellar nodulus and uvula (Nod/Uv). Eye movements were recorded using the magnetic field scleral search coil method...
  8. Soares M, Sallum A, Gonçalves M, Haddad F, Gregório L. Use of Muller's maneuver in the evaluation of patients with sleep apnea--literature review. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2009;75:463-6 pubmed
    ..Fiberoptic nasopharyngoscopy with Muller's maneuver, first described by Borowieck and Sassin (1983), is among them...
  9. Back G, Nadig S, Uppal S, Coatesworth A. Why do we have a uvula?: literature review and a new theory. Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 2004;29:689-93 pubmed
    From ancient times up to the present day many different functions and conditions have been attributed to the uvula, many speculative and some with a more scientific basis...

More Information

Publications96

  1. Baisch A, Maurer J, Hormann K. The effect of hyoid suspension in a multilevel surgery concept for obstructive sleep apnea. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006;134:856-61 pubmed
    ..This study investigated the outcome of the hyoid suspension as a part of a multilevel surgery protocol...
  2. Richard W, Kox D, den Herder C, Van Tinteren H, de Vries N. One stage multilevel surgery (uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, hyoid suspension, radiofrequent ablation of the tongue base with/without genioglossus advancement), in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2007;264:439-44 pubmed
  3. van den Broek E, Richard W, Van Tinteren H, de Vries N. UPPP combined with radiofrequency thermotherapy of the tongue base for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2008;265:1361-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Adding RFTB to UPPP results in a mild improvement compared to UPPP alone. Although the addition of RFTB to UPPP seems to result in only a limited improvement, there is no major downside to it. RFTB is well tolerated and safe...
  4. Tucker Woodson B. Structural effectiveness of pharyngeal sleep apnea surgery. Sleep Med Rev. 2008;12:463-79 pubmed publisher
    ..Further research on structural outcomes for palatopharyngoplasty, as well as other surgical procedures, is needed to improve clinical outcomes...
  5. Mora R, Jankowska B, Crippa B, Dellepiane M, Bavazzano M, Guastini L, et al. Effects of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty with Harmonic Scalpel on speech and voice. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2009;266:1989-94 pubmed publisher
    ..In our experiences UPPP, with the HS, improves speech and voice in patients affected by snoring and/or obstructive sleep apnea syndrome...
  6. Kyrmizakis D, Chimona T, Papadakis C, Bizakis J, Velegrakis G, Schiza S, et al. Laser-assisted uvulopalatoplasty for the treatment of snoring and mild obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. J Otolaryngol. 2003;32:174-9 pubmed
    ..To determine the efficacy of the laser-assisted uvulopalatoplasty (LAUP) procedure on snoring and Apnea-Hypopnea-Index (AHI) improvement in patients with snoring and mild obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS)...
  7. Bukowska D, Mierzejewska Krzyzowska B, Zguczynski L. Topography and axonal collaterals of trigeminocerebellar projection to the paramedian lobule and uvula in the rabbit cerebellum. Acta Neurobiol Exp (Wars). 2006;66:145-51 pubmed
    ..projections of the trigeminal sensory nuclei (TSN) to the rostral parts of the paramedian lobule (PML) and of the uvula of the rabbit cerebellar cortex, the retrograde double fluorescent labeling method was used...
  8. Walker M, Tian J, Shan X, Ying H, Tamargo R, Zee D. Enhancement of the bias component of downbeat nystagmus after lesions of the nodulus and uvula. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009;1164:482-5 pubmed publisher
    In two monkeys, we recorded spontaneous eye movements before and after ablation of the cerebellar nodulus and uvula (Nod/Uv). In both monkeys, there was an increase in upward ocular drift (downbeat nystagmus [DBN]) in darkness (M1: 1...
  9. Thong J, Pang K, Siow J. Haemangioma of the uvula causing loud habitual snoring--a rare entity. Med J Malaysia. 2008;63:408-9 pubmed
    ..This case report illustrates a rare cause of OSA and demonstrates the efficacy of surgery for obvious obstructive lesions of the pharynx...
  10. Baruah B, Goyal A, Shunyu N, Lynrah Z, Raphael V. Tuberculosis of nose and palate with vanishing uvula. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2011;29:63-5 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe a case of tuberculosis in an adult male who presented with palatal perforation with vanishing uvula and arch deformity of the palate...
  11. Lee C, Kim S, Han K, Shin J, Hong S, Lee J, et al. Effect of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty on positional dependency in obstructive sleep apnea. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011;137:675-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To assess the effect of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) on positional dependency in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)...
  12. Greene J, Zipfel T, Harlor M. The effect of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty on the nasality of voice. J Voice. 2004;18:423-30 pubmed
    ..Although this study does not obviate the need for preoperative counseling of patients about the potential effect of UPPP on voice, they can be counseled that the risk of hypernasality after UPPP is low...
  13. Sher A, Schechtman K, Piccirillo J. The efficacy of surgical modifications of the upper airway in adults with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Sleep. 1996;19:156-77 pubmed
    ..The studies to support the use of the surgical treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome contain biases related to small sample size, limited follow-up and patient selection...
  14. Hormann K, Erhardt T, Hirth K, Maurer J. [Modified uvula flap in therapy of sleep-related breathing disorders]. HNO. 2001;49:361-6 pubmed
    ..A new uvulopalatal flap technique (UPF), first presented by Powell in 1996 was now modified by our team. The new technique intends to lateralize the posterior faucial pillars as the UPPP, entirely sparing uvulopalatal muscles...
  15. Radtke A, Bronstein A, Gresty M, Faldon M, Taylor W, Stevens J, et al. Paroxysmal alternating skew deviation and nystagmus after partial destruction of the uvula. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2001;70:790-3 pubmed
    ..and direction changing nystagmus after biopsy of the inferior cerebellar vermis resulting in destruction of the uvula. Between attacks she had right over left skew deviation with asymptomatic right beating horizontal nystagmus...
  16. Berger G, Gilbey P, Hammel I, Ophir D. Histopathology of the uvula and the soft palate in patients with mild, moderate, and severe obstructive sleep apnea. Laryngoscope. 2002;112:357-63 pubmed
    To study morphometric and qualitative histopathologic changes of the soft palate and uvula in patients with mild, moderate, and severe obstructive sleep apnea.
  17. Tian W, Yin H, Li Y, Zhao S, Zheng Q, Shi B. Magnetic resonance imaging assessment of velopharyngeal structures in Chinese children after primary palatal repair. J Craniofac Surg. 2010;21:568-77 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study aimed to investigate the characteristics of the velopharyngeal structures, including the levator veli palatini muscles, in children with repaired cleft palate and different speech outcomes...
  18. Hathaway B, Johnson J. Safety of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty as outpatient surgery. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006;134:542-4 pubmed
    ..Factors requiring admission may be assessed in the early postoperative period. The rate of respiratory events requiring postoperative admission after UPPP is low. UPPP can be carried out safely on an outpatient basis. C-4. ..
  19. Lim D, Kang S, Kim B, Kim H. Treatment of primary snoring using radiofrequency-assisted uvulopalatoplasty. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2007;264:761-7 pubmed
    ..RAUP results in significantly lower postoperative pain, complications and other problems experienced in LAUP, while maintaining the advantages of LAUP. ..
  20. Han D, Wang J, Ye J, Yang Q, Li Q, Song C, et al. [Value of preservation of uvula in uvulopalatopharyngoplasty]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi. 2000;35:215-8 pubmed
    To explore the effect of the modified Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) where uvula is preserved in the operation, and whether the postoperative complications are diminished...
  21. She W, Wang J, Qian X, Hang M. [Long-term follow-up of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome treated with uvulopalatopharyngoplasty]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi. 2001;36:227-30 pubmed
    ..After UPPP, long-term follow-up is recommended because some initially successfully treated patients with OSAS will relapse in the later follow-up. ..
  22. Li H, Li K, Chen N, Wang C, Liao Y, Wang P. Three-dimensional computed tomography and polysomnography findings after extended uvulopalatal flap surgery for obstructive sleep apnea. Am J Otolaryngol. 2005;26:7-11 pubmed
    ..3-D CT proved that this technique was effective in widening the upper airway by relieving the retropalatal obstruction. ..
  23. Mukai S, Nitta M. Z-pharyngoplasty for sleep disorder and rhonchopathy. Acta Otolaryngol. 2002;122:524-30 pubmed
    We developed an operation that leaves the uvula intact and opens the pharynx by creating a Z-shaped incision in the palate, a procedure known as a Z-pharyngoplasty (ZPP). Twenty-four patients were studied before and after ZPPs...
  24. Lee C, Mo J, Seo B, Kim D, Yoon I, Kim J. Mouth opening during sleep may be a critical predictor of surgical outcome after uvulopalatopharyngoplasty for obstructive sleep apnea. J Clin Sleep Med. 2010;6:157-62 pubmed
    ..4% and 82.5% for success and failure, respectively. Sleep videofluoroscopy during sleep revealed that the simple measurement of mouth-opening angle could outstandingly predict surgical outcome. ..
  25. Peng Y, Fan J, Wu J, Deng B, Sun A. [Evaluate the effect of CO2 laser-assisted uvulopalatopharyngoplasty for obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2009;23:302-4 pubmed
    ..The effective rate was 79.17% (76/96). Application CO2 LAUP is a safe and effective treatment method for OSAHS. ..
  26. Lee M, Lin C, Lee K, Wang Y, Liaw S, Chiu C, et al. Effect of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty on endothelial function in obstructive sleep apnea. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009;140:369-74 pubmed publisher
    ..0 preoperatively to 10.0 +/- 4.7 postoperatively. For the 16 unresponsive patients, serum NOx and FMD remained impaired after UPPP. Successful treatment of OSAS with UPPP leads to restoration of FMD and normal serum levels of NO(x). ..
  27. Tang S, Kanwal F, Gralnek I. Uvular necrosis after upper endoscopy: a case report and review of the literature. Endoscopy. 2002;34:585-7 pubmed
    ..The combination of ulceration and necrosis suggests uvular ischemia during endoscopy. The uvula may have been sandwiched between the shaft of the endoscope and the gum or hard palate, or may have been pressed ..
  28. Eken C, Ozbek K, Yildirim C, Eray O. Severe uvular edema and nasal mucosal necrosis due to Ecbalium elaterium (squirting cucumber): an allergic reaction or direct toxic effect?. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2008;46:257-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In this case report we aimed to interrogate this anticipation by presenting a case of severe uvular edema and nasal mucosal necrosis after dripping undiluted Ecbalium elaterium juice that did not improved by anti-allergic therapies. ..
  29. Wong H, Tait J, Pringle K. Examination of the secondary palate on stored 3D ultrasound volumes of the fetal face. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2009;33:407-11 pubmed publisher
    ..The secondary palate was viewed in three oblique planes targeted at the uvula: the oblique axial, the oblique sagittal and the reverse face view...
  30. Rombaux P, Hamoir M, Bertrand B, Aubert G, Liistro G, Rodenstein D. Postoperative pain and side effects after uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, laser-assisted uvulopalatoplasty, and radiofrequency tissue volume reduction in primary snoring. Laryngoscope. 2003;113:2169-73 pubmed
    ..RFTVR is a safer and less painful procedure than UPPP and LAUP for the treatment of primary snoring. Postoperative discomfort after LAUP and after UPPP appears to be very similar. ..
  31. Klozar J, Plzak J, Zabrodsky M, Betka J. Effectiveness and side effects of one-stage laser-assisted uvuloplasty in primary rhonchopathy. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 2007;69:316-21 pubmed
    ..No predictive factors for the success of treatment were found. LAUP diminished snoring in 88% of patients. A major drawback was the postoperative pain. Further studies looking for predictive factors are needed. ..
  32. de la Chaux R, Dreher A, Klemens C, Rasp G, Leunig A. [Respiratory sleep disorders: benefit from laser-surgery]. MMW Fortschr Med. 2004;146:49-50, 52 pubmed
  33. Kokki H, Nikanne E, Aho M, Virtaniemi J. Pain intensity after laseruvulopalatoplasty and tonsillectomy. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2003;128:273-9 pubmed
    ..Pain treatment in patients with uvulopalatoplasty and tonsillectomy should be improved to allow patients a peaceful recovery after surgery. ..
  34. Abu Alhaija E, Al Wahadni A, Al Omari M. Uvulo-glosso-pharyngeal dimensions in subjects with beta-thalassaemia major. Eur J Orthod. 2002;24:699-703 pubmed
    ..001), smaller upper (P < 0.001) and middle (P < 0.05) pharyngeal airway spaces, and a shorter vertical pharyngeal length (P < 0.05). The hyoid bone in thalassaemic patients was closer to the mandibular plane (P < 0.001). ..
  35. Nachman R, Krispin A, Nnoli M, Hiss J. Infantile asphyxia due to aberrant uvula--an anatomic misadventure. J Forensic Leg Med. 2010;17:401-3 pubmed publisher
    A case of unexpected death of an infant with an abnormally elongated uvula is presented...
  36. Graham S, Nerad J. Orbital complications in endoscopic sinus surgery using powered instrumentation. Laryngoscope. 2003;113:874-8 pubmed
    ..The objectives of the report are to highlight the special dangers of powered instrumentation near the orbit, to suggest techniques that might minimize these risks, and to review the management of orbital injuries...
  37. Oji T, Sakamoto Y, Ogata H, Tamada I, Kishi K. A 25-year review of cases with submucous cleft palate. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2013;77:1183-5 pubmed publisher
    ..1 months (range: 0-132 months). The clinical presentations were bifid uvula in 4 patients and speech dysfunction in 11...
  38. Woodson B. A piece of the surgical puzzle. Sleep. 2004;27:844-6 pubmed
  39. Kim J, Lee J, Jung H. Predictive factors of immediate postoperative complications after uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. Laryngoscope. 2005;115:1837-40 pubmed
    ..preoperative lowest arterial saturation (LSAT-PREOP) levels, percentages of obstruction at the upper level of the uvula during apnea (AL-U), need for an airway in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) or during the first postoperative ..
  40. Kyrmizakis D, Papadakis C, Liolios A, Karatzanis A, Malandrakis S, Skoulakis C, et al. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor antagonists. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004;130:1416-9 pubmed
    ..The most frequently involved areas were the oral tongue (13 cases), uvula and soft palate (5 cases), and larynx, mouth floor, and lips (3 cases each)...
  41. Suresh L, Martinez Calixto L, Aguirre A, Fischman S. Mid-line swelling of the palate. J Laryngol Otol. 2004;118:385-7 pubmed
    ..Suspected cases of oral sarcoidosis should be biopsied and subsequently referred to a physician to rule out systemic involvement. ..
  42. Sommer U, Heiser C, Gahleitner C, Herr R, Hormann K, Maurer J, et al. Tonsillectomy with Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty in Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2016;113:1-8 pubmed publisher
    ..65% of them needed no further treatment for OSA. TE-UPPP significantly improved apnea/hypopnea, daytime sleepiness, and snoring compared to control (i.e., no) treatment. It is a safe and effective treatment for OSA.. ..
  43. Karatzanis A, Bourolias C, Prokopakis E, Panagiotaki I, Velegrakis G. Thermal welding technology vs ligasure tonsillectomy: a comparative study. Am J Otolaryngol. 2008;29:238-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Late postoperative hemorrhage was noted in 1 subject of the TWT and 2 subjects of the LT group. Mild uvula edema was significantly lower in the TWT group...
  44. Caiozzi G, Cabrera D, Mardónez J, Saldias F. [Herbal medicines and severe adverse effects: uvular angioedema caused by Echballium elaterium]. Rev Med Chil. 2002;130:1407-10 pubmed
    ..On physical examination, uvular edema was observed. The patient was successfully managed with intravenous betametasone and chlorphenamine. ..
  45. Schlieper J, Brinkmann B, Karmeier A, Pakusa T. [Success rate and complications of primary, laser-assisted uvuloplasty in patients with snoring]. Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir. 2002;6:146-52 pubmed
  46. Norquist J, Flood E, Tanzosh T, Li H, Iskold B, Ganser T, et al. Development of a Report Card for Identifying Local Sublingual Immunotherapy Events in Clinical Trials. Patient. 2017;10:439-446 pubmed publisher
    ..were uncertain of or suggested clarifying the meaning of certain terms, including tablet, ulcer, taste alteration, uvula, nausea, and itching in the ear...
  47. Ruehl R, Hinkel C, Bauermann T, Eulenburg P. Delineating function and connectivity of optokinetic hubs in the cerebellum and the brainstem. Brain Struct Funct. 2017;222:4163-4185 pubmed publisher
    ..in the pontine brainstem (nucleus reticularis, tegmenti pontis, and paramedian pontine reticular formation), the uvula, flocculus, and cerebellar tonsils...
  48. Huang W, Song L, Ye Q, Yue H, Hu H, Yu Y, et al. [Correlation study between PSG parameters and CT measurements in upper airway of OSAHS patients before and after UPPP]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2013;27:827-9 pubmed
    ..The minimum cross-sectional area, left and right diameter, anteroposterior diameter after operation is bigger than before operation. The minimum cross-sectional area, left and right diameter is negatively correlated with AHI. ..
  49. Hsu P, Tan A, Tan B, Gan E, Chan Y, Blair R, et al. Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty outcome assessment with quantitative computer-assisted videoendoscopic airway analysis. Acta Otolaryngol. 2007;127:65-70 pubmed
    ..65 in the AHI; a 1 cm increase in the transverse diameter of the retropalatal area in the erect position resulted in an improvement of 31.83 in the AHI. ..
  50. Larner A. David Livingstone's uvulectomy. J Med Biogr. 2006;14:104-8 pubmed
    ..The practice of uvulectomy in indigenous African societies and some contemporary ideas about uvulectomy are also considered in order to try to ascertain why Livingstone elected to undergo this procedure. ..
  51. Series F, Chakir J, Boivin D. Influence of weight and sleep apnea status on immunologic and structural features of the uvula. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2004;170:1114-9 pubmed
    ..the influence of weight and obstructive sleep apnea status on inflammatory and histologic features of the uvula. Tissue samples resected during uvulopalatopharyngoplasty in 11 snorers without obstructive sleep apnea, 11 ..
  52. Eun Y, Shin S, Kim S. Effects of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty with or without radiofrequency tongue base reduction on voice in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Laryngoscope. 2013;123:1806-10 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate voice change as a complication after uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) with or without radiofrequency tongue base reduction (RTBR) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea...
  53. Ogutcen Toller M, Sarac Y, Cakr Ozkan N, Sarac D, Sakan B. Computerized tomographic evaluation of effects of mandibular anterior repositioning on the upper airway: a pilot study. J Prosthet Dent. 2004;92:184-9 pubmed
    ..Mandibular advancement devices may cause fewer negative side effects than other treatment modalities and have been advocated as a treatment for snoring...
  54. Roosli C, Schneider S, Hausler R. Long-term results and complications following uvulopalatopharyngoplasty in 116 consecutive patients. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2006;263:754-8 pubmed
    ..The operation consisted of a classical tonsillectomy or residual tonsil resection and additional shortening of the uvula. The natural mucosal fold between the uvula and the upper pole of the tonsils was carefully preserved...
  55. Jacobowitz O. Palatal and tongue base surgery for surgical treatment of obstructive sleep apnea: a prospective study. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006;135:258-264 pubmed
    ..To assess the effect of concurrent uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) and hypopharyngeal procedures in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients with diffuse airway narrowing...
  56. Schwab R, Leinwand S, Bearn C, Maislin G, Rao R, Nagaraja A, et al. Digital Morphometrics: A New Upper Airway Phenotyping Paradigm in OSA. Chest. 2017;152:330-342 pubmed publisher
    ..Digital morphometrics represent an efficient and cost-effective method of examining intraoral crowding and tongue size when examining large populations, genetics, or screening for OSA. ..
  57. Kang Q, Zheng G, Hou J, Liu H. [Long term follow up of midline partial glossectomy and uvulopalatopharyngoplasty for treating obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2010;45:377-81 pubmed
    ..To observe the long-term results of midline partial glossectomy with uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS)...
  58. Yoshihara N, Okuda M, Takano K, Wada T, Osaka H. Idiopathic cranial polyneuropathy with unilateral IX and X and contralateral XI nerve palsy in a 4-year-old boy. Pediatr Neurol. 2012;47:198-200 pubmed publisher
    ..We suggest that aggressive therapy is unnecessary for patients with idiopathic cranial polyneuropathy. The pathogenesis of this condition may involve an immunologic mechanism...
  59. Venkat R, Gopichander N, Vasantakumar M. Four novel prosthodontic methods for managing upper airway resistance syndrome: an investigative analysis revealing the efficacy of the new nasopharyngeal aperture guard appliance. Indian J Dent Res. 2010;21:44-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Despite this, it is implicit that a noninvasive method of managing obstructive sleep apnea is more relevant for overcoming this condition...
  60. Salami A, Dellepiane M, Bavazzano M, Crippa B, Guastini L, Mora R. Harmonic Scalpel vs "cold knife" dissection in uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. Am J Otolaryngol. 2010;31:442-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study has been to compare the Harmonic Scalpel (HS) and the "cold knife" dissection in the treatment of snoring by uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP)...
  61. Lundkvist K, Friberg D. Pharyngeal disturbances in OSAS patients before and 1 year after UPPP. Acta Otolaryngol. 2010;130:1399-405 pubmed publisher
    ..The results indicate that conservative uvulopalatopharyngoplasty with tonsillectomy (UPPP) did not change the degree of pharyngeal disturbances in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS)...
  62. Lowe K. Severe anemia following uvulectomy in Kenya. Mil Med. 2004;169:712 pubmed
    ..The intent of this report is to familiarize western physicians with one such procedure and its potential complications...
  63. Baisch A, Maurer J, Hormann K, Stuck B. Combined radiofrequency assisted uvulopalatoplasty in the treatment of snoring. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2009;266:125-30 pubmed publisher
    ..In particular, excessive soft tissue at the palatal arches (webbing) and uvula hyperplasia are common phenomena, but cannot be addressed with interstitial RF surgery...
  64. Mohseni M, Lopez M. Images in emergency medicine. Uvular angioedema (Quincke's disease). Ann Emerg Med. 2008;51:8, 12 pubmed publisher
  65. Christmas D, Yanagisawa K, Yanagisawa E. Antrochoanal polyp displacing the uvula and the soft palate. Ear Nose Throat J. 2003;82:347-8 pubmed
  66. Atkinson C, Rangasami J. Uvula necrosis--an unusual cause of severe postoperative sore throat. Br J Anaesth. 2006;97:426-7 pubmed
  67. Magritz R, Siegert R. [Surgical treatment of severe velopharyngeal insufficiency following uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP)]. Laryngorhinootologie. 2003;82:123-6 pubmed
    ..However, even when the greatest possible care is taken during the operation, serious complications such as persistent velopharyngeal insufficiency can arise...
  68. Qin G, Jin S, Feng J, Li L, Gan L. [Treatment efficacy of preservation of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty by using microwave]. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi. 2005;19:259-61 pubmed
    ..To study the effect of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) by using microwave on obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) with Velo-pharyngeal obstruction...
  69. Yang C, Wang Y, Chang C. Changes in the nasalance of vowels within the first week following uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. Ear Nose Throat J. 2016;95:E43-6 pubmed
    ..8) and /ε/ (mean: 30.0 ± 10.8). The increases in the nasalance of /i/, /ε/, and /u/ were statistically significant (p < 0.05). Our findings indicate that UPPP has a significant impact on nasalance immediately after surgery. ..
  70. Pereira N, Motta A, Vicente L. Swallowing reflex: analysis of the efficiency of different stimuli on healthy young individuals. Pro Fono. 2008;20:159-64 pubmed
    ..Therefore, the therapy traditionally applied to these cases consists in increasing the intra-oral input through cold touches (0 or 00 larynx mirror) on the inferior portion of the inferior third of the palatoglossus arch...
  71. Schmidt M, Riley R, Hee G. Difficult double-lumen tube placement due to laryngeal web. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2010;38:194-6 pubmed
    ..In the setting of an unusual airway and thoracic surgery, ventilation via simpler techniques takes precedence over insertion of more complex tubes...
  72. Xiong X, Wang G, Yang C, Yu Q. [Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in 70 cases]. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi. 2001;15:267-8 pubmed
    ..To elevate the effect of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) and minimize the postoperative complications...
  73. Smatt Y, Ferri J. Retrospective study of 18 patients treated by maxillomandibular advancement with adjunctive procedures for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. J Craniofac Surg. 2005;16:770-7 pubmed
  74. Enoz M. Limitation of the palatal surgery in OSA patients. Sleep Med. 2006;7:89-90 pubmed
  75. Anik Y, Corapcioglu F, Aydin O. Rhabdomyosarcoma of the uvula. Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2007;24:639-40 pubmed
  76. Wu H, You Y, Wang Q, Xiao J, Yin Y, Da P, et al. [Clinical application of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty with resection of the musculus uvulae and preservation of uvulae mucosa]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2011;25:262-4 pubmed
    ..To explore the effect of modified uvulopalatopharyngoplasty with partial resection of the musculus uvulae and preservation of the mucosa of uvulae for obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS)...
  77. de Water V, Saridin J, Bouw F, Murawska M, Koudstaal M. Measuring upper airway volume: accuracy and reliability of Dolphin 3D software compared to manual segmentation in craniosynostosis patients. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2014;72:139-44 pubmed publisher
    ..To test the accuracy and reliability of Dolphin 3-dimensional (3D) software airway analysis compared with manual segmentation in patients who underwent a Le Fort III osteotomy...
  78. Li H, Lee L, Wang P, Hsiao H, Hsu C, Chen N, et al. Taste disturbance after uvulopalatopharyngoplasty for obstructive sleep apnea. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006;134:985-90 pubmed
    ..This study investigated factors that may attribute to taste disturbance (TD) following uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)...
  79. Powell N. Upper airway surgery does have a major role in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea "the tail end of the dog". Pro. J Clin Sleep Med. 2005;1:236-40 pubmed
  80. Belloso A, Morar P, Tahery J, Saravanan K, Nigam A, Timms M. Randomized-controlled study comparing post-operative pain between coblation palatoplasty and laser palatoplasty. Clin Otolaryngol. 2006;31:138-43 pubmed
    ..We also evaluate the impact of each surgical technique in reduction of snoring loudness...
  81. Zhang L, Han F, Song W, Li W, Ge Y, Li J, et al. [Comparison of tolerance to sequential continuous positive airway pressure therapy between patients after classical and after modified uvulopalatopharyngoplasty]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi. 2003;38:176-9 pubmed
    ..To investigate the effect of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) on postoperation continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS)...
  82. Rafai M, Boulaajaj F, El Moutawakil B, Bourezgui M, Sibai M, Mahtar M, et al. [Parry-Romberg syndrome with dysphonia]. Rev Neurol (Paris). 2007;163:1246-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This syndrome has features of linear scleroderma 'en coup de sabre'. The aetiology of this affection is poorly understood. A number of neurologic disorders associations have been reported particularly seizures...
  83. Komada I, Miyazaki S, Okawa M, Nishikawa M, Shimizu T. A new modification of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2012;39:84-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate objective and subjective improvement after applying a new surgical technique, two-piece palatopharyngoplasty (Two-P4), to the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS)...
  84. Cai Q, Ye H, Zheng Y, Liu X, Su Z, Fu Y, et al. [Oropharyngeal measure in patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome before and after uvulopalatopharyngoplasty]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi. 2004;39:195-9 pubmed
  85. Li S, Qu S, Dong X, Chen D, Dong W, Wang G, et al. [The upper airway CT scan in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome]. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi. 2002;16:280-2 pubmed
    ..To compare the CT scan results in OSAS patients and normal adults so as to explore its value in measuring upper airway structure...
  86. Sunio L, Contractor T, Chacon G. Uvular necrosis as an unusual complication of bronchoscopy via the nasal approach. Respir Care. 2011;56:695-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Examination revealed a swollen, elongated uvula. The lower half of the uvula was completely white, consistent with uvular necrosis...
  87. Abu El ella M, Eldin H, Malki K, Samir M, Abd Al Naser N, Mohamed A. Effect of classic uvulopalatopharyngoplasty and laser-assisted uvulopalatopharyngoplasty on voice acoustics and speech nasalance. Ann Saudi Med. 2010;30:459-63 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of classic UPPP and LAUP on acoustics of voice and speech nasalance, and to compare the effect of each operation on these two domains...