soft palate

Summary

Summary: A movable fold suspended from the posterior border of the hard palate. The uvula hangs from the middle of the lower border.

Top Publications

  1. Vincent R, Wimberly M, Brockwell R, Magnuson J. Soft palate perforation during orotracheal intubation facilitated by the GlideScope videolaryngoscope. J Clin Anesth. 2007;19:619-21 pubmed
    ..After intubation, it was noted that the soft palate had been perforated by the styletted endotracheal tube...
  2. Stål P, Lindman R, Johansson B. Capillary supply of the soft palate muscles is reduced in long-term habitual snorers. Respiration. 2009;77:303-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) cause vibration and stretch of the upper airway tissues that may result in neuromuscular damage and changes in the microcirculation...
  3. Pierrot S, Bernardeschi D, Morrisseau Durand M, Manach Y, Couloigner V. Dissection of the internal carotid artery following trauma of the soft palate in children. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2006;115:323-9 pubmed
    ..We undertook this report to underline the risks of lesions of the internal carotid artery after lateral oropharyngeal trauma in children and to discuss the diagnosis and treatment of this complication...
  4. Matsuo K, Metani H, Mays K, Palmer J. Effects of respiration on soft palate movement in feeding. J Dent Res. 2010;89:1401-6 pubmed publisher
    Cyclic soft palate elevation is temporally associated with masticatory jaw movement. However, the soft palate is normally lowered during nasal breathing to maintain retropalatal airway patency...
  5. Roh T, Lee W, Choi E, Koh Y, Lew D. Radial forearm-palmaris longus tenocutaneous free flap; implication in the repair of the moderate-sized postoncologic soft palate defect. Head Neck. 2009;31:1220-7 pubmed publisher
    Moderate resection of the soft palate results in suboptimal outcomes in terms of postoperative velopharyngeal function...
  6. Bäck L, Liukko T, Rantanen I, Peltola J, Partinen M, Ylikoski J, et al. Radiofrequency surgery of the soft palate in the treatment of mild obstructive sleep apnea is not effective as a single-stage procedure: A randomized single-blinded placebo-controlled trial. Laryngoscope. 2009;119:1621-7 pubmed publisher
    Radiofrequency (RF) surgery of the soft palate (SP) is an established treatment option for the treatment of snoring...
  7. Jiang Y, Zhou Q, Zheng J, Wang Y. Mushroom-shaped teratoma of the soft palate in a neonate: case report. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;48:e25-6 pubmed publisher
    Teratomas of the head and neck are uncommon congenital lesions, which are rarely seen in the soft palate. We here reported a male neonate with a soft palate teratoma associated with soft palate cleft...
  8. Miura H, Nakayama A, Shindo Y, Kusakabe Y, Tomonari H, Harada S. Expression of gustducin overlaps with that of type III IP3 receptor in taste buds of the rat soft palate. Chem Senses. 2007;32:689-96 pubmed
    ..However, in the soft palate (SP), the expression pattern of gustducin remains unclear and little is known about its function...
  9. Nordgård S, Stene B, Skjøstad K. Soft palate implants for the treatment of mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006;134:565-70 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the initial short-term effectiveness of palatal implants in treating patients with mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Previous published studies have focused on snoring without OSA...

More Information

Publications66

  1. Carstanjen B, Desbois C, Hekmati M, Behr L. Successful engraftment of cultured autologous mesenchymal stem cells in a surgically repaired soft palate defect in an adult horse. Can J Vet Res. 2006;70:143-7 pubmed
    ..of this study was to graft autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) at the site of surgical repair of a soft palate defect in an adult horse in an attempt to improve wound healing and to investigate whether the transplanted ..
  2. Gangloff P, Deganello A, Lacave M, Verhaeghe J, Lapeyre M, Maire F, et al. Use of the infra hyoid musculo-cutaneous flap in soft palate reconstruction. Eur J Surg Oncol. 2006;32:1165-9 pubmed
    ..carcinomas arising from oropharynx who underwent infra hyoid musculo-cutaneous flap reconstruction including soft palate in alternative to free radial forearm flap or maxillofacial prosthesis...
  3. Goessler U, Hein G, Verse T, Stuck B, Hormann K, Maurer J. Soft palate implants as a minimally invasive treatment for mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea. Acta Otolaryngol. 2007;127:527-31 pubmed
    ..The palatal implant method originally designed to reduce snoring can significantly reduce the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) in some patients with mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in a single office-based procedure...
  4. Bäck L, Hytönen M, Roine R, Malmivaara A. Radiofrequency ablation treatment of soft palate for patients with snoring: a systematic review of effectiveness and adverse effects. Laryngoscope. 2009;119:1241-50 pubmed publisher
    To assess the effectiveness and adverse effects of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of soft palate (SP) in snoring.
  5. Hsu W, Hsu S, Lee Y, Huang J, Chen C. Penetrating injury of the soft palate during GlideScope intubation. Anesth Analg. 2007;104:1609-10; discussion 1611 pubmed
  6. Tolsdorff P, Honnef B. [Soft palate stabilization with cartilage in snoring and OSAS]. Laryngorhinootologie. 2009;88:696-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Soft palate stabilization with cartilage represents a new and innovative surgical concept in snoring and OSAS using nasal septum cartilage or concha cartilage.
  7. Kim H, Lee W, Choi S. Myoepitheliomas of the soft palate: helical CT findings in two patients. Korean J Radiol. 2007;8:552-5 pubmed
    We describe the enhancement patterns of myoepithelioma in two patients with a soft palate mass. In the first case, helical CT revealed a faintly enhancing mass...
  8. Horie N, Kawano R, Inaba J, Numa T, Kato T, Nasu D, et al. Angina bullosa hemorrhagica of the soft palate: a clinical study of 16 cases. J Oral Sci. 2008;50:33-6 pubmed
    ..or absence of local factors as well as systemic background disease in 16 patients with ABH arising in the soft palate. All the lesions were solitary, and 75% of them (n = 12) appeared during the ingestion of hard or crispy food...
  9. Coré N, Caubit X, Metchat A, Boned A, Djabali M, Fasano L. Tshz1 is required for axial skeleton, soft palate and middle ear development in mice. Dev Biol. 2007;308:407-20 pubmed
    ..Finally, we demonstrate that Tshz1 is required for the development of the soft palate.
  10. Cross P, Cytryn J, Cheng K. Perforation of the soft palate using the GlideScope videolaryngoscope. Can J Anaesth. 2007;54:588-9 pubmed
  11. Allen K, Lane J, Woodford N, Franklin S. Severe collapse of the rostral soft palate as a source of abnormal respiratory noise in six ponies and horses. Equine Vet J. 2007;39:562-6 pubmed
  12. Ylikontiola L, Siponen M, Salo T, Sandor G. Sialometaplasia of the soft palate in a 2-year-old girl. J Can Dent Assoc. 2007;73:333-6 pubmed
    A case of sialometaplasia of the soft palate is reported in a 2-year-old girl 3 months after she had an adenoidectomy. Dental practitioners should be aware of the possible causes of intraoral swellings in both children and adults...
  13. Hakan Tuna S, Pekkan G, Buyukgural B. Rehabilitation of an edentulous cleft lip and palate patient with a soft palate defect using a bar-retained, implant-supported speech-aid prosthesis: a clinical report. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2009;46:97-102 pubmed publisher
    Prosthetic rehabilitation of an edentulous cleft lip and palate patient with a combined hard and soft palate defect is a great challenge, due to the lack of retention of the obturator prosthesis as a result of its weight and the ..
  14. Nakayama A, Miura H, Shindo Y, Kusakabe Y, Tomonari H, Harada S. Expression of the basal cell markers of taste buds in the anterior tongue and soft palate of the mouse embryo. J Comp Neurol. 2008;509:211-24 pubmed publisher
    ..of the basal cells, the expression of Shh, Prox1, and Mash1 was determined in the anterior tongue and soft palate in mouse embryos by in situ hybridization...
  15. Yamamoto K, Fujimoto M, Inoue M, Maeda M, Yamakawa N, Kirita T. Angina bullosa hemorrhagica of the soft palate: report of 11 cases and literature review. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006;64:1433-6 pubmed
  16. Rieger J, Zalmanowitz J, Li S, Tang J, Williams D, Harris J, et al. Speech outcomes after soft palate reconstruction with the soft palate insufficiency repair procedure. Head Neck. 2008;30:1439-44 pubmed publisher
    Measurement of functional outcomes related to different methods of soft palate reconstruction is necessary to determine efficacy of surgical intervention after resection for oropharyngeal cancer.
  17. Arneja J, Hettinger P, Gosain A. Through-and-through dissection of the soft palate for high pharyngeal flap inset: a new technique for the treatment of velopharyngeal incompetence in velocardiofacial syndrome. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2008;122:845-52 pubmed publisher
    ..We present a consecutive series of patients with velocardiofacial syndrome and severe velopharyngeal incompetence treated with high inset pharyngeal flap achieved by through-and-through dissection of the soft palate.
  18. Yoshida K, Maezawa H, Nagamine T, Fukuyama H, Murakami K, Iizuka T. Somatosensory evoked magnetic fields to air-puff stimulation on the soft palate. Neurosci Res. 2006;55:116-22 pubmed
    Impairment of sensory input to the soft palate has been reported in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome...
  19. Okubo T, Clark C, Hogan B. Cell lineage mapping of taste bud cells and keratinocytes in the mouse tongue and soft palate. Stem Cells. 2009;27:442-50 pubmed publisher
    The epithelium of the mouse tongue and soft palate consists of at least three distinct epithelial cell populations: basal cells, keratinized cells organized into filiform and fungiform papillae, and taste receptor cells present in tight ..
  20. Lee C, Mo J, Kim B, Kong I, Yoon I, Chung S, et al. Evaluation of soft palate changes using sleep videofluoroscopy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009;135:168-72 pubmed publisher
    To quantitatively evaluate the changes in the soft palate (SP) by sleep videofluoroscopy (SVF).
  21. Seikaly H, Rieger J, Zalmanowitz J, Tang J, Alkahtani K, Ansari K, et al. Functional soft palate reconstruction: a comprehensive surgical approach. Head Neck. 2008;30:1615-23 pubmed publisher
    Dysfunction of the soft palate is devastating to the patient's quality of life, resulting in unintelligible speech and poor swallowing...
  22. Stål P, Lindman R. Characterisation of human soft palate muscles with respect to fibre types, myosins and capillary supply. J Anat. 2000;197 ( Pt 2):275-90 pubmed
    Four human soft palate muscles, and palatopharyngeus, the uvula, the levator and tensor veli palatini were examined using enzyme-histochemical, immunohistochemical and biochemical methods and compared with human limb and facial muscles...
  23. Sinha R, Paul R, Sen I, Sikdar B. A solitary huge neurofibroma of the soft palate. J Laryngol Otol. 2002;116:637-8 pubmed
    Neurofibroma of the soft palate, an extremely rare tumour, is probably not yet reported in the literature...
  24. Zhang Z, Kitching R. The localization of persistent foot and mouth disease virus in the epithelial cells of the soft palate and pharynx. J Comp Pathol. 2001;124:89-94 pubmed
    ..TSA) provided the first direct evidence that FMDV RNA is localized within the epithelial cells of the soft palate and pharynx during persistent infection, indicating that these cells remain persistently infected after contact ..
  25. Gupta N, Nuwal P, Gupta M, Gupta R, Dixit R. Primary tuberculosis of soft palate. Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci. 2001;43:119-21 pubmed
    ..Primary tuberculosis of upper respiratory tract including oral cavity is a rare disease. One such unusual case is reported...
  26. Haraldsson P, Karling J, Lysdahl M, Svanborg E. Voice quality after radiofrequency volumetric tissue reduction of the soft palate in habitual snorers. Laryngoscope. 2002;112:1260-3 pubmed
    To evaluate whether radiofrequency volumetric tissue reduction of the soft palate is causing voice changes as a result of velopharyngeal insufficiency in patients with heavy snoring.
  27. Koussidis G, Mountantonakis S, Petrichou C. Folk remedies still in use: a case of soft palate and uvular oedema due to Ecbalium elaterium. Int J Clin Pract. 2002;56:817 pubmed
    A case of soft palate and uvular oedema due to nasal administration of juice produced from the fruit of the plant Ecbalium elaterium, widely known as squirting cucumber, is presented...
  28. Paulsen F, Thale A. Epithelial-connective tissue boundary in the oral part of the human soft palate. J Anat. 1998;193 ( Pt 3):457-67 pubmed
    The papillary layer of the oral part of the human soft palate was studied in 31 subjects of different age by means of histological, immunohistochemical and scanning electron microscopical methods...
  29. McCombe D, Lyons B, Winkler R, Morrison W. Speech and swallowing following radial forearm flap reconstruction of major soft palate defects. Br J Plast Surg. 2005;58:306-11 pubmed
    ..was analysed in eight patients following microsurgical reconstruction of defects of between 50 and 100% of the soft palate. The radial forearm fasciocutaneous free flap was used in all cases...
  30. de Giorgi V, Sestini S, Nardini P, Carli P. A 42-year-old man with a rapidly growing lesion of the soft palate. CMAJ. 2005;173:367 pubmed
  31. Stuck B, Sauter A, Hormann K, Verse T, Maurer J. Radiofrequency surgery of the soft palate in the treatment of snoring. A placebo-controlled trial. Sleep. 2005;28:847-50 pubmed
    Recent publications have demonstrated a reduction in snoring with radiofrequency (RF) surgery of the soft palate. Yet so far, all published data has been based on non-controlled trials.
  32. Brown J, Rogers S, Lowe D. A comparison of tongue and soft palate squamous cell carcinoma treated by primary surgery in terms of survival and quality of life outcomes. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006;35:208-14 pubmed
    In the surgical management of oral cancer the resection and reconstruction of the mobile tongue and soft palate are most important if function is to be maintained...
  33. Fang T, Li H, Shue C, Lee L, Wang P. Efficacy of radiofrequency volumetric tissue reduction of the soft palate in the treatment of snoring. Int J Clin Pract. 2003;57:769-72 pubmed
    ..A new surgical treatment, radiofrequency volumetric tissue reduction (RVTR) of the soft palate, was carried out and its effect and safety in the management of snoring were evaluated...
  34. Bircan S, Kayaselcuk F, Yavuz H, Tuncer I. Acinic cell carcinoma with follicular pattern of the soft palate. Pathol Res Pract. 2004;200:575-9 pubmed
    ..We present a rare case of ACC with follicular pattern of the soft palate in a 60-year-old man...
  35. Matsuo K, Hiiemae K, Palmer J. Cyclic motion of the soft palate in feeding. J Dent Res. 2005;84:39-42 pubmed
    The soft palate moves rhythmically during feeding, but the timing and frequency of this motion are not known. We tested the hypothesis that cyclic soft palate motion is temporally linked to cyclic jaw movement...
  36. Bäck L, Tervahartiala P, Piilonen A, Partinen M, Ylikoski J. Bipolar radiofrequency thermal ablation of the soft palate in habitual snorers without significant desaturations assessed by magnetic resonance imaging. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2002;166:865-71 pubmed
    ..Our aim was to assess the efficacy and acceptability of bipolar radiofrequency thermal ablation of the soft palate in habitual snorers without significant desaturations associated with excessive daytime sleepiness...
  37. Lacombe V, Blackwell K. Radial forearm free flap for soft palate reconstruction. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 1999;1:130-2 pubmed
    Defects of the soft palate resulting from head and neck oncologic surgery traditionally have been rehabilitated using a prosthetic obturator...
  38. Iida S, Harada T, Okamoto M, Inada Y, Kogo M, Masuda Y. Soft palate movement during sucking behavior. Dysphagia. 2003;18:96-100 pubmed
    To clarify the aspects and role of oropharyngeal closure, soft palate movements during sucking were observed and then assessed by electromyographic and fluoroscopic analyses...
  39. Berger G, Gilbey P, Hammel I, Ophir D. Histopathology of the uvula and the soft palate in patients with mild, moderate, and severe obstructive sleep apnea. Laryngoscope. 2002;112:357-63 pubmed
    To study morphometric and qualitative histopathologic changes of the soft palate and uvula in patients with mild, moderate, and severe obstructive sleep apnea.
  40. Sher A, Flexon P, Hillman D, Emery B, Swieca J, Smith T, et al. Temperature-controlled radiofrequency tissue volume reduction in the human soft palate. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2001;125:312-8 pubmed
    To validate the use of temperature-controlled radiofrequency energy applied to the soft palate in a multicenter setting for reduction of snoring in a minimally morbid manner.
  41. Hofmann T, Schwantzer G, Reckenzaun E, Koch H, Wolf G. Radiofrequency tissue volume reduction of the soft palate and UPPP in the treatment of snoring. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2006;263:164-70 pubmed
    ..the anatomical findings (the size of the tonsils and uvula), the patients underwent UPPP/TE of the RFTVR of the soft palate. Forty-seven patients had UPPP/TE (age 45.81+/-12.11 years; median AHI: 8; range 1-29)...
  42. Borges G, Bonilha L, Santos S, Carelli E, Fernandes Y, Ramina R, et al. Thrombosis of the internal carotid artery secondary to soft palate injury in children and childhood. Report of two cases. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2000;32:150-3 pubmed
    Trauma to the soft palate is a uncommon event during childhood. Stroke following intraoral trauma is also rare, but has been well documented by the current literature as a potentially serious complication...
  43. Woodie J, Ducharme N, Hackett R, Erb H, Mitchell L, Soderholm L. Can an external device prevent dorsal displacement of the soft palate during strenuous exercise?. Equine Vet J. 2005;37:425-9 pubmed
    Dorsal displacement of the soft palate (DDSP) is a common condition in racehorses for which various surgical treatments are often performed...
  44. Karatzanis A, Drivas E, Giannikaki E, Lachanas V, Hatziioannou J, Velegrakis G. Malignant myoepithelioma arising from recurrent pleomorphic adenoma of the soft palate. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2005;32:435-7 pubmed
    ..We report a case of malignant myoepithelioma arising from a pleomorphic adenoma of the soft palate. A 70-year-old woman presented in our department with a very large tumor of the soft palate...
  45. Stuck B, Maurer J, Hein G, Hormann K, Verse T. Radiofrequency surgery of the soft palate in the treatment of snoring: a review of the literature. Sleep. 2004;27:551-5 pubmed
    Radiofrequency surgery of the soft palate presents a promising alternative for the treatment of snoring...
  46. Fischer Y, Khan M, Mann W. Multilevel temperature-controlled radiofrequency therapy of soft palate, base of tongue, and tonsils in adults with obstructive sleep apnea. Laryngoscope. 2003;113:1786-91 pubmed
    ..The concept of two-level pharyngeal collapse in patients with obstructive sleep apnea is too simplified. Aggressive multilevel surgeries addressing several airway segments, including skeletal surgery, demonstrate improved success rates...
  47. Majumdar S, Raghavan U, Jones N. Solitary plasmacytoma and extramedullary plasmacytoma of the paranasal sinuses and soft palate. J Laryngol Otol. 2002;116:962-5 pubmed
    ..Extramedullary plasmacytoma carries a better prognosis than a solitary plasmacytoma of the bone. We report four cases of solitary plasmacytoma of the bone and an extramedullary plasmacytoma of the paranasal sinuses and soft palate.
  48. Metternich F, Wenzel S, Sagowski C, Jakel T, Koch U. [The "Ultracision Harmonic Scalpel" ultrasound activated scalpel. Initial results in surgery of the tongue and soft palate]. HNO. 2002;50:733-8 pubmed
    ..In the present prospective study, results of UAS in the surgery of the tongue and the soft palate are analysed...
  49. Boudewyns A, Van de Heyning P. Temperature-controlled radiofrequency tissue volume reduction of the soft palate (somnoplasty) in the treatment of habitual snoring: results of a European multicenter trial. Acta Otolaryngol. 2000;120:981-5 pubmed
    Temperature-controlled radiofrequency tissue volume reduction of the soft palate has been introduced as a minimally invasive, outpatient procedure for the treatment of habitual snoring and mild obstructive sleep apnea...
  50. Chalmers H, Yeager A, Ducharme N. Ultrasonographic assessment of laryngohyoid position as a predictor of dorsal displacement of the soft palate in horses. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2009;50:91-6 pubmed
    Dorsal displacement of the soft palate is an important cause of poor performance in racehorses, yet its etiology is not fully understood. Diagnosis requires treadmill videoendoscopy, which is not widely available...
  51. Halme P, Antila J, Antila H, Aho H, Polo O, Salminiitty H, et al. Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty with an ultrasound scalpel or laser: is there a difference?. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2010;267:635-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Perioperative bleeding, operating room time and duration of operation together with histological injury of soft palate were analysed...
  52. Gissi D, Tarsitano A, Baldovini C, Gabusi A. Unusual Histological Evidence of Dysplasia in a Case of Oral Pemphigus Vulgaris: A Potential Diagnostic Challenge. Int J Surg Pathol. 2016;24:733-737 pubmed
    ..was referred for a painful single bullous lesion together with a small proliferative area localized in the soft palate. Histology and direct immunofluorescence data were consistent for PV but disclosed unusual signs of high-grade ..
  53. Morice A, Renault F, Soupre V, Chapuis C, Trichet Zbinden C, Kadlub N, et al. Predictors of speech outcomes in children with Pierre Robin sequence. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2018;46:479-484 pubmed publisher
    ..for possible associations of phonological outcomes with PRS status (isolated vs syndromic), clinical severity, soft palate muscles deficiency, or surgical procedure...
  54. Ugur H, Kahilogullari G, Attar A, Caglar S, Savas A, Egemen N. Neuronavigation-assisted transoral-transpharyngeal approach for basilar invagination--two case reports. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2006;46:306-8 pubmed
    ..Both patients had an uneventful postoperative course. The transoral-transpharyngeal approach with the neuronavigation system provides safe exposure and decompression for basilar invagination...
  55. Cascone P, Arangio P, Ramieri V, Foresta E. Cleft lip and palate: technical strategies for the primary palatoplasty. J Craniofac Surg. 2008;19:1343-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, the authors present their own surgical technique for primary palate repair at 24 to 48 months with the galea-pericranium free flap...
  56. Muñoz J, Marcoux M, Picandet V, Theoret C, Perron M, Lepage O. Histological and biomechanical effects of palatal sclerotherapy in the horse using sodium tetradecyl sulfate. Vet J. 2010;183:316-21 pubmed publisher
    ..sclerotherapy using sodium tetradecyl sulfate has been suggested as a treatment for dorsal displacement of the soft palate in young Standardbred horses...
  57. Dosumu O, Ogunrinde T, Ogundipe O. Prosthetic management of soft palate cleft--a case report. Afr J Med Med Sci. 2006;35:391-3 pubmed
    The treatment of cleft in the soft palate can be achieved essentially by surgical reconstruction or prosthetic obturation...