scapula

Summary

Summary: Also called the shoulder blade, it is a flat triangular bone, a pair of which form the back part of the shoulder girdle.

Top Publications

  1. Gregory T, Hansen U, Emery R, Amis A, Mutchler C, Taillieu F, et al. Total shoulder arthroplasty does not correct the orientation of the eroded glenoid. Acta Orthop. 2012;83:529-35 pubmed publisher
    Alignment of the glenoid component with the scapula during total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) is challenging due to glenoid erosion and lack of both bone stock and guiding landmarks...
  2. De Baets L, Jaspers E, Desloovere K, Van Deun S. A systematic review of 3D scapular kinematics and muscle activity during elevation in stroke subjects and controls. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2013;23:3-13 pubmed publisher
    ..e. data collection, processing, analyzing, and reporting...
  3. Lyson T, Joyce W. Evolution of the turtle bauplan: the topological relationship of the scapula relative to the ribcage. Biol Lett. 2012;8:1028-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Developmental biologists compare this orientation to that found in the model organisms mice and chickens, whose scapula lies laterally on top of the ribcage...
  4. Ermis M, Aykut U, Durakbasa M, Ozel M, Bozkuş F, Karakas E. Snapping scapula syndrome caused by subscapular osteochondroma. Eklem Hastalik Cerrahisi. 2012;23:40-3 pubmed
    This study aims to evaluate the results of surgical excisions of subscapular exostoses which caused snapping scapula syndrome.
  5. Hu Y, Ji J, Lun D. Intraoperative microwave inactivation in-situ of malignant tumors in the scapula. Orthop Surg. 2011;3:229-35 pubmed publisher
    To explore the feasibility and effect of microwave in situ inactivation of malignant primary or metastatic tumors in the scapula.
  6. Yang H, Gil Y, Jin J, Ahn S, Lee H. Topographical anatomy of the suprascapular nerve and vessels at the suprascapular notch. Clin Anat. 2012;25:359-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Age was inversely correlated with the length of STSL. The STSL was wider in males than in females. This study provides details of the structural variations in the region of the suprascapular notch...
  7. Meininger A, Figuerres B, Goldberg B. Scapular winging: an update. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2011;19:453-62 pubmed
    ..Accurate diagnosis and detection depend on appreciation of the scapulothoracic anatomy and a comprehensive physical examination. Although most cases resolve nonsurgically, surgical treatment of scapular winging has been met with success...
  8. Smith J, Kotajarvi B, Padgett D, Eischen J. Effect of scapular protraction and retraction on isometric shoulder elevation strength. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2002;83:367-70 pubmed
  9. Pereira T, Bergmann A, Ribeiro A, Da Silva J, Dias R, Ribeiro M, et al. [Myoeletric activity pattern of scapular muscles after axillary lymphadenectomy in breast cancer]. Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet. 2009;31:224-9 pubmed
    ..to identify the pattern of myoelectrical activity of muscles from the scapular region, after axillary lymphadenectomy in breast cancer...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Faruqi S, Raychaudhuri C, Thirumaran M, Blaxill P. Winging of the scapula: An unusual complication of needle thoracocentesis. Eur J Intern Med. 2008;19:381-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Major complications associated with this procedure are uncommon. Here we describe a rare instance of winging of the scapula following needle thoracocentesis.
  2. Pritsch T, Bickels J, Wu C, Squires M, Malawer M. Is scapular endoprosthesis functionally superior to humeral suspension?. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2007;456:188-95 pubmed
  3. Meskers C, van de Sande M, de Groot J. Comparison between tripod and skin-fixed recording of scapular motion. J Biomech. 2007;40:941-6 pubmed
    ..Combined with a relatively low accuracy, we conclude that the skin-fixed method should be used only in combination with tripod 'calibration'...
  4. Burkhart S, Morgan C, Kibler W. The disabled throwing shoulder: spectrum of pathology Part III: The SICK scapula, scapular dyskinesis, the kinetic chain, and rehabilitation. Arthroscopy. 2003;19:641-61 pubmed
  5. Struyf F, Nijs J, De Coninck K, Giunta M, Mottram S, Meeusen R. Clinical assessment of scapular positioning in musicians: an intertester reliability study. J Athl Train. 2009;44:519-26 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, the reliability of the clinical tools used to assess scapular positioning has not been studied in musicians...
  6. Zhang Z, Zhang J, Lu M, Cao G, Dai L. Partial scapulectomy for congenital elevation of the scapula. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2007;457:171-5 pubmed
    We treated 26 patients with congenital elevation of the scapula by excising the superomedial part of the scapula. We also simultaneously resected the omovertebral bone when present...
  7. Codsi M, Bennetts C, Gordiev K, Boeck D, Kwon Y, Brems J, et al. Normal glenoid vault anatomy and validation of a novel glenoid implant shape. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2008;17:471-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to define the variations in glenoid vault shape in a large group of cadaver scapula. Computed tomographic (CT) scans of 61 normal scapulae (mean, 25-34 years) from the Haman-Todd Osteological ..
  8. Amadi H, Hansen U, Wallace A, Bull A. A scapular coordinate frame for clinical and kinematic analyses. J Biomech. 2008;41:2144-9 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to define a body-fixed coordinate frame for the scapula that minimises axes variability and is closely related to the clinical frame of reference...
  9. Lausch E, Hermanns P, Farin H, Alanay Y, Unger S, Nikkel S, et al. TBX15 mutations cause craniofacial dysmorphism, hypoplasia of scapula and pelvis, and short stature in Cousin syndrome. Am J Hum Genet. 2008;83:649-55 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that Cousin syndrome is caused by TBX15 insufficiency and is thus the human counterpart of the droopy ear mouse...
  10. Yoshizaki K, Hamada J, Tamai K, Sahara R, Fujiwara T, Fujimoto T. Analysis of the scapulohumeral rhythm and electromyography of the shoulder muscles during elevation and lowering: comparison of dominant and nondominant shoulders. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2009;18:756-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Assessment of whether elevation and lowering of the dominant and nondominant arms occur in a similar manner in healthy individuals is clinically important in terms of shoulder disorders...
  11. Bartonicek J, Cronier P. History of the treatment of scapula fractures. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2010;130:83-92 pubmed publisher
    The history of treatment of scapula fractures is closely connected with the history of the French surgery...
  12. Smith J, Dietrich C, Kotajarvi B, Kaufman K. The effect of scapular protraction on isometric shoulder rotation strength in normal subjects. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2006;15:339-43 pubmed
    ..subjects completed 2 maximal isometric internal and external rotation contractions in 2 scapular positions (scapula neutral [SN] and scapula protracted [SP]) from 3 arm positions (90 degrees internal rotation [IR], 45 degrees ..
  13. Astúa D. Evolution of scapula size and shape in didelphid marsupials (Didelphimorphia: Didelphidae). Evolution. 2009;63:2438-56 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, I quantitatively estimated the existing variability in size and shape of the Didelphidae scapula (1076 specimens from 56 species) using geometric morphometrics, and compared size and shape differences to ..
  14. Senk M, Cheze L. A new method for motion capture of the scapula using an optoelectronic tracking device: a feasibility study. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin. 2010;13:397-401 pubmed publisher
    Optoelectronic tracking systems are rarely used in 3D studies examining shoulder movements including the scapula. Among the reasons is the important slippage of skin markers with respect to scapula...
  15. van Andel C, van Hutten K, Eversdijk M, Veeger D, Harlaar J. Recording scapular motion using an acromion marker cluster. Gait Posture. 2009;29:123-8 pubmed publisher
    Disorders of the shoulder complex can be accompanied by changes in the movement pattern of the scapula. However, scapular motion is difficult to measure...
  16. Anavian J, Wijdicks C, Schroder L, Vang S, Cole P. Surgery for scapula process fractures: good outcome in 26 patients. Acta Orthop. 2009;80:344-50 pubmed publisher
    Generally, scapula process fractures (coracoid and acromion) have been treated nonoperatively with favorable outcome, with the exception of widely displaced fractures...
  17. Megas P, Papathanassiou Z, Kasimatis G, Papachristou D. Aneurysmal bone cyst of the scapula. A case report. Acta Orthop Belg. 2009;75:684-9 pubmed
    ..We report a rare and challenging case of a large primary ABC located at the scapula of a young male, who was surgically treated with subtotal removal of the scapula.
  18. Sinkeet S, Awori K, Odula P, Ogeng o J, Mwachaka P. The suprascapular notch: its morphology and distance from the glenoid cavity in a Kenyan population. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2010;69:241-5 pubmed
    ..In a significant number of cases the defined safe zone may not be adequate to eliminate the risk of nerve injury during arthroscopic shoulder procedures, even more so with type I and II notches...
  19. Hardwick D, Lang C. Scapular and humeral movement patterns of people with stroke during range-of-motion exercises. J Neurol Phys Ther. 2011;35:18-25 pubmed publisher
    ..This study examined scapular and humeral movement patterns in people with poststroke hemiparesis as they performed commonly prescribed ROM exercises...
  20. Boon J, Potgieter D, Van Jaarsveld Z, Frantzen D. Congenital undescended scapula (Sprengel deformity): a case study. Clin Anat. 2002;15:139-42 pubmed
    ..describes a congenital deformity of the shoulder joint in a 5-year-old female, associated with an undescended scapula and the presence of an omovertebral bone...
  21. Gupta V, Posner B. Trauma to the long thoracic nerve and associated scapula winging in a low-velocity rear-end automobile collision: case report. J Trauma. 2004;57:402-3 pubmed
  22. Shorey S, Heersche J, Manolson M. The relative contribution of cysteine proteinases and matrix metalloproteinases to the resorption process in osteoclasts derived from long bone and scapula. Bone. 2004;35:909-17 pubmed
    ..Osteoclasts isolated from the scapula (intramembranous) and long bones (endochondral) of newborn New Zealand white rabbits were seeded on cortical ..
  23. Pouliart N, Gagey O. Significance of the latissimus dorsi for shoulder instability. I. Variations in its anatomy around the humerus and scapula. Clin Anat. 2005;18:493-9 pubmed
    ..The anatomy of the latissimus dorsi pertaining to the scapula and humerus was studied in 100 cadaver specimens...
  24. Nyffeler R, Werner C, Gerber C. Biomechanical relevance of glenoid component positioning in the reverse Delta III total shoulder prosthesis. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2005;14:524-8 pubmed
    ..Placing the glenosphere distally (test configuration C) significantly improved adduction and abduction angles compared with all other test configurations (P < .001)...
  25. Unal S, Gumruk F. Fanconi anemia patient with bilaterally hypoplastic scapula and unilateral winging associated with scoliosis and rib abnormality. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2006;28:616-7 pubmed
    ..Herein, we report bilaterally hypoplastic scapula with unilateral winging associated with scoliosis and rib abnormality, a previously unreported skeletal ..
  26. Coskun N, Karaali K, Cevikol C, Demirel B, Sindel M. Anatomical basics and variations of the scapula in Turkish adults. Saudi Med J. 2006;27:1320-5 pubmed
    To analyze the anatomical basis of the scapula, acromion, os acromiale, coracoid process, coraco-acromial arch, and glenoid cavity in Turkish adults.
  27. Matsui K, Shimada K, Andrew P. Deviation of skin marker from bone target during movement of the scapula. J Orthop Sci. 2006;11:180-4 pubmed
    Recording movement of the scapula by non-invasive techniques is fraught with technical difficulty. One convenient method involves placing a single marker on the skin overlying the acromion...
  28. Novak C, Mackinnon S. Surgical treatment of a long thoracic nerve palsy. Ann Thorac Surg. 2002;73:1643-5 pubmed
    ..We conclude that a thoracodorsal to long thoracic nerve transfer results in good functional recovery of the serratus anterior muscle...
  29. Rundquist P, Anderson D, Guanche C, Ludewig P. Shoulder kinematics in subjects with frozen shoulder. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2003;84:1473-9 pubmed
    ..To describe 3-dimensional humeral motion in subjects with frozen shoulder and to determine whether a consistent capsular pattern of restriction was present...
  30. Tomas X, Peidro L, Ortiz J, Pomes J, Cores E, Garcia A, et al. Simultaneous muscle strain at the point of attachment to the scapula of the rotator cuff muscles: MRI findings. Clin Radiol. 2004;59:621-4 pubmed
  31. Habermeyer P, Magosch P, Luz V, Lichtenberg S. Three-dimensional glenoid deformity in patients with osteoarthritis: a radiographic analysis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006;88:1301-7 pubmed
    ..The goals of this study were to analyze glenoid version in the coronal plane and to clarify the relationship between retroversion and inferior inclination of the glenoid...
  32. Simovitch R, Zumstein M, Lohri E, Helmy N, Gerber C. Predictors of scapular notching in patients managed with the Delta III reverse total shoulder replacement. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007;89:588-600 pubmed
    ..The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the clinical relevance of notching and to determine the anatomic and radiographic parameters that predispose to its occurrence...
  33. Chou J, Malak S, Anderson I, Astley T, Poon P. Biomechanical evaluation of different designs of glenospheres in the SMR reverse total shoulder prosthesis: range of motion and risk of scapular notching. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2009;18:354-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Scapular notching remains a concern. This biomechanical study compared the range-of-motion in different designs of glenospheres and hence the relative risk of scapular notching...
  34. Huang R, Christ B, Patel K. Regulation of scapula development. Anat Embryol (Berl). 2006;211 Suppl 1:65-71 pubmed
    The scapula is a component of the shoulder girdle. Its structure has changed greatly during evolution. For example, in humans it is a large quite flat triangular bone whereas in chicks it is a long blade like structure...
  35. Kaminsky S, Pierce V. Nonunion of a scapula body fracture in a high school football player. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2002;31:456-7 pubmed
    We report the case of a 16-year-old boy who sustained a minimally displaced fracture of the inferior angle of the scapula during a high school football game. This fracture progressed to symptomatic nonunion and persistent pain...
  36. Urgüden M, Ozdemir H, Donmez B, Bilbaşar H, Oguz N. Is there any effect of suprascapular notch type in iatrogenic suprascapular nerve lesions? An anatomical study. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2004;12:241-5 pubmed
    ..35 cm), with minimum and maximum values of 2.1 cm and 2.78 cm respectively, when compared to other scapula types...
  37. Obremskey W, Lyman J. A modified judet approach to the scapula. J Orthop Trauma. 2004;18:696-9 pubmed
    Operative treatment of scapula fractures is uncommon, but is indicated for significantly displaced fractures or intra-articular fractures...
  38. Welsch G, Mamisch T, Kikinis R, Schmidt R, Lang P, Forst R, et al. CT-based preoperative analysis of scapula morphology and glenohumeral joint geometry. Comput Aided Surg. 2003;8:264-8 pubmed
    To investigate the geometry of the glenohumeral joint using three-dimensional (3D) models; define landmarks, planes, angles and regions of interest; and analyze the exact morphology of the scapula.
  39. Cools A, Witvrouw E, Declercq G, Danneels L, Cambier D. Scapular muscle recruitment patterns: trapezius muscle latency with and without impingement symptoms. Am J Sports Med. 2003;31:542-9 pubmed
    ..However, one important measure of the muscular coordination in the scapular muscles, the timing of the temporal recruitment pattern, is undetermined...
  40. Massimini D, Warner J, Li G. Non-invasive determination of coupled motion of the scapula and humerus--an in-vitro validation. J Biomech. 2011;44:408-12 pubmed publisher
    Measuring the motion of the scapula and humerus with sub-millimeter levels of accuracy in six-degrees-of-freedom (6-DOF) is a challenging problem...
  41. Senut B, Nakatsukasa M, Kunimatsu Y, Nakano Y, Takano T, Tsujikawa H, et al. Preliminary analysis of Nacholapithecus scapula and clavicle from Nachola, Kenya. Primates. 2004;45:97-104 pubmed
    ..From the size of the scapula (male Nasalis size), it is clear that the animal is smaller than an adult chimpanzee, but the clavicle is almost ..
  42. Vinson E. Clinical images: scapular winging. Arthritis Rheum. 2006;54:4027 pubmed
  43. Bhatia D, De Beer J, van Rooyen K, du Toit D. Arthroscopic suprascapular nerve decompression at the suprascapular notch. Arthroscopy. 2006;22:1009-13 pubmed
    ..Key instruments include a 4-mm arthroscope of standard length (160 mm), with a 70 degree angled lens for adequate visualization and a calibrated probe to guide and limit dissection...
  44. Duparc F, Coquerel D, Ozeel J, Noyon M, Gerometta A, Michot C. Anatomical basis of the suprascapular nerve entrapment, and clinical relevance of the supraspinatus fascia. Surg Radiol Anat. 2010;32:277-84 pubmed publisher
    ..The removal of a fascia for releasing the nerve between the suprascapular notch and spinoglenoid notch led us to purchase an anatomical study...
  45. Watson L, Balster S, Finch C, Dalziel R. Measurement of scapula upward rotation: a reliable clinical procedure. Br J Sports Med. 2005;39:599-603 pubmed
    It is important to deal with the scapula when developing rehabilitation strategies for the shoulder complex...
  46. Polguj M, Jedrzejewski K, Podgórski M, Topol M. Morphometric study of the suprascapular notch: proposal of classification. Surg Radiol Anat. 2011;33:781-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The size and shape of the suprascapular notch (SSN) may be a factor in suprascapular nerve entrapment. The aim of the study was to determine the variation of the SSN of 86 scapulae in the Polish people...
  47. Polguj M, Jedrzejewski K, Podgorski M, Topol M. Correlation between morphometry of the suprascapular notch and anthropometric measurements of the scapula. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2011;70:109-15 pubmed
    ..correlation between the morphometry of the suprascapular notch and basic anthropometric measurements of the human scapula. The measurements of the human scapulae included: morphological length and width, maximal width and length ..
  48. Bayramoglu A, Demiryurek D, Tuccar E, Erbil M, Aldur M, Tetik O, et al. Variations in anatomy at the suprascapular notch possibly causing suprascapular nerve entrapment: an anatomical study. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2003;11:393-8 pubmed
    ..To our knowledge, close relationship of subscapularis muscle with the suprascapular nerve as a possible risk factor for suprascapular nerve entrapment has not been mentioned previously...
  49. Ehehalt F, Wang B, Christ B, Patel K, Huang R. Intrinsic cartilage-forming potential of dermomyotomal cells requires ectodermal signals for the development of the scapula blade. Anat Embryol (Berl). 2004;208:431-7 pubmed
    The avian scapula has a dual origin. The cranial part derives from the somatopleure of the forelimb field, while the caudal part, the scapula blade, originates from the dermomyotomes of the cervicothoracic transition zone...
  50. Young N. A comparison of the ontogeny of shape variation in the anthropoid scapula: functional and phylogenetic signal. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2008;136:247-64 pubmed publisher
    This article compares ontogenetic shape variation in the scapula of 17 anthropoid species using three-dimensional landmark-based geometric morphometrics...
  51. Nyffeler R, Jost B, Pfirrmann C, Gerber C. Measurement of glenoid version: conventional radiographs versus computed tomography scans. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2003;12:493-6 pubmed
    ..Studies that assess the role of glenoid component orientation should use a reproducible method of assessment such as CT...
  52. Borstad J, Szucs K, Navalgund A. Scapula kinematic alterations following a modified push-up plus task. Hum Mov Sci. 2009;28:738-51 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine three-dimensional scapula kinematics in asymptomatic participants before and after a task intended to preferentially fatigue serratus ..
  53. Lafosse L, Tomasi A, Corbett S, Baier G, Willems K, Gobezie R. Arthroscopic release of suprascapular nerve entrapment at the suprascapular notch: technique and preliminary results. Arthroscopy. 2007;23:34-42 pubmed
    ..We describe a novel all-arthroscopic technique for suprascapular nerve (SSN) decompression and present our preliminary results for this procedure...