carpal bones

Summary

Summary: The eight bones of the wrist: SCAPHOID BONE; LUNATE BONE; TRIQUETRUM BONE; PISIFORM BONE; TRAPEZIUM BONE; TRAPEZOID BONE; CAPITATE BONE; and HAMATE BONE.

Top Publications

  1. De Smet L, Degreef I, Robijns F, Truyen J, Deprez P. Salvage procedures for degenerative osteoarthritis of the wrist due to advanced carpal collapse. Acta Orthop Belg. 2006;72:535-40 pubmed
    ..There was a significant increase in gripping force in the PRC group, but not in the others. The final gripping force was not significantly different in the three treatment regimes...
  2. Zhang A, Gertych A, Liu B. Automatic bone age assessment for young children from newborn to 7-year-old using carpal bones. Comput Med Imaging Graph. 2007;31:299-310 pubmed
    ..Therefore, in order to assess the bone age of children in younger ages, the inclusion of carpal bones is necessary...
  3. Weiss K, Rodner C. Osteoarthritis of the wrist. J Hand Surg Am. 2007;32:725-46 pubmed
    ..This article reviews common causes of wrist osteoarthritis and their surgical treatment alternatives...
  4. Moore D, Crisco J, Trafton T, Leventhal E. A digital database of wrist bone anatomy and carpal kinematics. J Biomech. 2007;40:2537-42 pubmed
    The skeletal wrist consists of eight small, intricately shaped carpal bones. The motion of these bones is complex, occurs in three dimensions, and remains incompletely defined...
  5. Vigler M, Aviles A, Lee S. Carpal fractures excluding the scaphoid. Hand Clin. 2006;22:501-16; abstract vii pubmed
    ..This article organizes current knowledge of these potentially difficult fractures, with a table of diagnosis and treatment guidelines...
  6. Gardner M, Crisco J, Wolfe S. Carpal kinematics. Hand Clin. 2006;22:413-20; abstract v pubmed
    The motion of the eight carpal bones is extremely complex, and their accurate measurement has been hampered by their multiplanar rotations and translations, the irregularity of their shape, and the small magnitudes of movements...
  7. Toms A, Chojnowski A, Cahir J. Midcarpal instability: a radiological perspective. Skeletal Radiol. 2011;40:533-41 pubmed publisher
    ..The exact role of these investigations in the diagnosis, categorisation and management of midcarpal instability has yet to be determined...
  8. Laffosse J, Tricoire J, Cantagrel A, Wagner A, Puget J. Osteoid osteoma of the carpal bones. Two case reports. Joint Bone Spine. 2006;73:560-3 pubmed
    ..Complete excision of the nidus must be achieved to ensure a permanent cure. Same-stage carpal bone fusion may be required in patients with extensive joint involvement...
  9. Friedman T, Reed M, Elliott A. The carpal bones in Poland syndrome. Skeletal Radiol. 2009;38:585-91 pubmed publisher
    ..However, carpal bone involvement has been largely overlooked. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the carpal bones in patients with Poland syndrome from a local (Manitoba) cohort as well as those from the literature.

More Information

Publications62

  1. Welling R, Jacobson J, Jamadar D, Chong S, Caoili E, Jebson P. MDCT and radiography of wrist fractures: radiographic sensitivity and fracture patterns. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2008;190:10-6 pubmed
    ..The purpose of our study was to determine which wrist fractures are not prospectively diagnosed at radiography using CT as a gold standard and to identify specific fracture patterns...
  2. Dacho A, Baumeister S, Germann G, Sauerbier M. Comparison of proximal row carpectomy and midcarpal arthrodesis for the treatment of scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC-wrist) and scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC-wrist) in stage II. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2008;61:1210-8 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the functional outcome and pain relief in SNAC-SLAC-wrist stage II after MCA, compared to PRC in a long term follow up...
  3. Pretell Mazzini J, Carrigan R. Simultaneous distal radial fractures and carpal bones injuries in children: a review article. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2011;20:330-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Injuries to the carpal bones are not usually associated with fractures of the distal radius; however, the presence of a distal radius ..
  4. Siegert J, Frassica F, Amadio P. Treatment of chronic perilunate dislocations. J Hand Surg Am. 1988;13:206-12 pubmed
    ..All six patients treated by open reduction and internal fixation had satisfactory outcomes and none required additional surgery...
  5. Viegas S. Limited arthrodesis for scaphoid nonunion. J Hand Surg Am. 1994;19:127-33 pubmed
    ..Six men were treated with the procedure for symptomatic chronic scaphoid nonunions, and all limited arthrodeses fused. Pain relief was good to excellent, and range of motion averaged 50% of the contralateral side...
  6. Murray P, Berger R, Inwards C. Primary neoplasms of the carpal bones. J Hand Surg Am. 1999;24:1008-13 pubmed
    Primary neoplasms of the carpal bones are rare. We found 44 primary tumors of the carpal bones of 26,800 bone neoplasms (prevalence, 0.16%)...
  7. Rettig M, Raskin K. Long-term assessment of proximal row carpectomy for chronic perilunate dislocations. J Hand Surg Am. 1999;24:1231-6 pubmed
    ..Effective wrist range of motion and grip strength were restored. Untreated stage III and IV chronic perilunate dislocation treated by proximal row carpectomy eliminates pain and restores function to a severely injured wrist...
  8. Dixon M, Armstrong P, Stevens D, Bamshad M. Identical mutations in NOG can cause either tarsal/carpal coalition syndrome or proximal symphalangism. Genet Med. 2001;3:349-53 pubmed
    ..To identify the gene causing tarsal/carpal coalition syndrome (TCC)...
  9. Tomaino M. Intercarpal fusion for the treatment of scaphoid nonunion. Hand Clin. 2001;17:671-86, x pubmed
    ..In this article, the author will address the rationale for, technique of, and outcome after midcarpal arthrodesis and scaphoid excision...
  10. Garcia Elias M, Lluch A. Partial excision of scaphoid: is it ever indicated?. Hand Clin. 2001;17:687-95, x pubmed
    ..In this article, both the pathomechanics and clinical results of such techniques are discussed...
  11. Dacho A, Grundel J, Holle G, Germann G, Sauerbier M. Long-term results of midcarpal arthrodesis in the treatment of scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC-Wrist) and scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC-Wrist). Ann Plast Surg. 2006;56:139-44 pubmed
    ..Outcome evaluation of midcarpal arthrodesis in the treatment of scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC-wrist) and scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC-wrist)...
  12. Spielmann P, Oliver C. The carpal bones: a basic test of medical students' and junior doctors' knowledge of anatomy. Surgeon. 2005;3:257-9 pubmed
    ..The carpal bones were chosen as a benchmark for anatomical knowledge as they are easily objectively examined and have clinical ..
  13. van Onselen E, Karim R, Hage J, Ritt M. Prevalence and distribution of hand fractures. J Hand Surg Br. 2003;28:491-5 pubmed
    ..The little finger ray was most commonly injured of the hand. We found no seasonal variability in the incidence of hand fractures...
  14. Laurencin C, Cummings R, Jones T, Martin L. Fracture-dislocation of the lunotriquetral coalition. J Natl Med Assoc. 1998;90:779-81 pubmed
    ..This article describes a case of lunotriquetral coalition fracture-dislocation in an African American. This lesion is best treated through open reduction and pin fixation...
  15. Green J, Werner F, Wang H, Weiner M, Sacks J, Short W. Three-dimensional modeling and animation of two carpal bones: a technique. J Biomech. 2004;37:757-62 pubmed
    The objectives of this study were to (a). create 3D reconstructions of two carpal bones from single CT data sets and animate these bones with experimental in vitro motion data collected during dynamic loading of the wrist joint, (b)...
  16. Debeer P, Fryns J, Devriendt K, Baten E, Huysmans C, Van de Ven W. A novel NOG mutation Pro37Arg in a family with tarsal and carpal synostoses. Am J Med Genet A. 2004;128A:439-40 pubmed
  17. Schmitt R, Froehner S, Coblenz G, Christopoulos G. Carpal instability. Eur Radiol. 2006;16:2161-78 pubmed
    ..To prevent individual and socio-economic implications, the hand surgeon or orthopedist, as well as the radiologist, is challenged for early and precise diagnosis...
  18. Culp R, McGuigan F, Turner M, Lichtman D, Osterman A, McCarroll H. Proximal row carpectomy: a multicenter study. J Hand Surg Am. 1993;18:19-25 pubmed
    ..The procedure failed in all three patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Patients with mild preoperative arthritic changes had better results than those with advanced disease...
  19. Tomaino M, Miller R, Cole I, Burton R. Scapholunate advanced collapse wrist: proximal row carpectomy or limited wrist arthrodesis with scaphoid excision?. J Hand Surg Am. 1994;19:134-42 pubmed
  20. Brydie A, Raby N. Early MRI in the management of clinical scaphoid fracture. Br J Radiol. 2003;76:296-300 pubmed
    ..There were 37 scaphoid fractures (19%), 28 distal radius fractures (14%), 9 fractures of other carpal bones (5%) and 119 studies with no fracture...
  21. Arazi M, Memik R, Yel M, Ogun T. Osteoid osteoma of the carpal bones. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2001;121:119-20 pubmed
    Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumor that rarely localizes in the hand or the carpal bones. We report two cases of osteoid osteoma localized in two different carpal bones. Unremitting wrist pain was a major clinical symptom...
  22. Ritt M, Maas M, Bos K. Minnaar type 1 symptomatic lunotriquetral coalition: a report of nine patients. J Hand Surg Am. 2001;26:261-70 pubmed
    Coalition of carpal bones is relatively common. It most frequently involves the lunate and triquetrum. This finding is almost always coincidental and asymptomatic...
  23. Jebson P, Hayes E, Engber W. Proximal row carpectomy: a minimum 10-year follow-up study. J Hand Surg Am. 2003;28:561-9 pubmed
    ..To assess the long-term clinical and radiographic results after a proximal row carpectomy (PRC)...
  24. Wright T, Dobyns J, Linscheid R, Macksoud W, Siegert J. Carpal instability non-dissociative. J Hand Surg Br. 1994;19:763-73 pubmed
    ..This accounts for the unpredictable results of treatment. As our understanding of the pathomechanics of CIND improves, the treatment will become more specific and the results should improve...
  25. Wyrick J, Stern P, Kiefhaber T. Motion-preserving procedures in the treatment of scapholunate advanced collapse wrist: proximal row carpectomy versus four-corner arthrodesis. J Hand Surg Am. 1995;20:965-70 pubmed
    ..Proximal row carpectomy showed a high degree of patient satisfaction and is our motion-preserving procedure of choice except in those wrists with advanced capitolunate arthritis...
  26. Leung Y, Ip S, Wong A, Ip W. Transscaphoid transcapitate transtriquetral perilunate fracture-dislocation: a case report. J Hand Surg Am. 2006;31:608-10 pubmed
    ..We present a rare stage III greater arc fracture-dislocation of the carpus including transscaphoid, transcapitate, and transtriquetral dorsal perilunate fracture-dislocation...
  27. Coburn J, Upal M, Crisco J. Coordinate systems for the carpal bones of the wrist. J Biomech. 2007;40:203-9 pubmed
    The eight small and complexly shaped carpal bones of the wrist articulate in six degrees of freedom with each other and to some extent with the radius and the metacarpals...
  28. Debeer P, Huysmans C, Van de Ven W, Fryns J, Devriendt K. Carpal and tarsal synostoses and transverse reduction defects of the toes in two brothers heterozygous for a double de novo NOGGIN mutation. Am J Med Genet A. 2005;134:318-20 pubmed
    ..The parents were clinically unaffected, and these two mutations were not detected in their white blood cells or buccal mucosa. This indicates the presence of gonadal mosaicism or a low level of somatic mosaicism in one of the parents...
  29. Kiuru M, Haapamaki V, Koivikko M, Koskinen S. Wrist injuries; diagnosis with multidetector CT. Emerg Radiol. 2004;10:182-5 pubmed
    ..Compared to primary radiographs, MDCT revealed 9 occult fractures, mainly in small carpal bones. In 14 cases a suspected fracture (of the scaphoid in 7 cases) was ruled out by MDCT...
  30. Van den Dungen S, Marchesi S, Ezzedine R, Bindou D, Lorea P. Relationship between dorsal ganglion cysts of the wrist and intraosseous ganglion cysts of the carpal bones. Acta Orthop Belg. 2005;71:535-9 pubmed
    ..This high prevalence of intraosseous ganglia in association with soft tissue ganglia has to our knowledge never been reported previously. A common aetiology for these two types of ganglion cysts may explain this high association rate...
  31. Berdia S, Short W, Werner F, Green J, Panjabi M. The hysteresis effect in carpal kinematics. J Hand Surg Am. 2006;31:594-600 pubmed
    b>Carpal bones show hysteresis that is dependent on the direction of wrist motion during a continuous active loading protocol...
  32. Inoue G, Shionoya K. Late treatment of unreduced perilunate dislocations. J Hand Surg Br. 1999;24:221-5 pubmed
    ..The results of lunate excision were less favourable...
  33. Werner F, Short W, Fortino M, Palmer A. The relative contribution of selected carpal bones to global wrist motion during simulated planar and out-of-plane wrist motion. J Hand Surg Am. 1997;22:708-13 pubmed
    ..Similar differences in motion for these carpal bones occurred during radioulnar deviation and circumduction and dart-throw motions...
  34. Cerezal L, Del Piñal F, Abascal F, García Valtuille R, Pereda T, Canga A. Imaging findings in ulnar-sided wrist impaction syndromes. Radiographics. 2002;22:105-21 pubmed
    ..MR imaging allows earlier detection of an abnormality in the TFC complex, cartilage, or bone marrow of carpal bones and is helpful in formulating the extensive differential diagnosis in patients with ulnar wrist pain and ..
  35. Lutz M, Rudisch A, Kralinger F, Smekal V, Goebel G, Gabl M, et al. Sagittal wrist motion of carpal bones following intraarticular fractures of the distal radius. J Hand Surg Br. 2005;30:282-7 pubmed
    ..There was a significant correlation between articular surface depth and radiocarpal motion...
  36. Trumble T, Benirschke S, Vedder N. Ipsilateral fractures of the scaphoid and radius. J Hand Surg Am. 1993;18:8-14 pubmed
    ..The follow-up time averaged 2.9 years (range, 1.0 to 4.6 years). Internal fixation of the scaphoid in these combined injuries allowed for earlier and more aggressive therapy to maximize wrist and forearm motion...
  37. Cohen M, Kozin S. Degenerative arthritis of the wrist: proximal row carpectomy versus scaphoid excision and four-corner arthrodesis. J Hand Surg Am. 2001;26:94-104 pubmed
    ..Both PRC and scaphoid excision and 4-corner arthrodesis are motion-preserving options for the treatment of scapholunate advanced collapse arthritis with minimal subjective or objective differences in short-term follow-up evaluations...
  38. Wyrick J. Proximal row carpectomy and intercarpal arthrodesis for the management of wrist arthritis. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2003;11:277-81 pubmed
    ..Treatment selection should be based on surgeon preference and experience as well as on the patient's understanding of the possible complications and benefits of each procedure...
  39. Delaney T, Eswar S. Carpal coalitions. J Hand Surg Am. 1992;17:28-31 pubmed
    ..The coalitions were incidental findings on radiographs taken for other reasons (usually trauma). This is the largest series in the English-language literature...
  40. Garcia Elias M, Cooney W, An K, Linscheid R, Chao E. Wrist kinematics after limited intercarpal arthrodesis. J Hand Surg Am. 1989;14:791-9 pubmed
    ..By use of a biplanar radiographic measurement system, the relative kinematic behavior of selected carpal bones, before and after the simulated limited fusions could be analyzed...
  41. Sebastian T, Tek H, Crisco J, Kimia B. Segmentation of carpal bones from CT images using skeletally coupled deformable models. Med Image Anal. 2003;7:21-45 pubmed
    The in vivo investigation of joint kinematics in normal and injured wrist requires the segmentation of carpal bones from 3D (CT) images, and their registration over time...
  42. Crisco J, McGovern R, Wolfe S. Noninvasive technique for measuring in vivo three-dimensional carpal bone kinematics. J Orthop Res. 1999;17:96-100 pubmed
    ..In the wrist, the small size and complex motion of the carpal bones present a difficult challenge for implanted internal or external marker systems...
  43. Waizenegger M. Intraosseous ganglia of carpal bones. J Hand Surg Br. 1993;18:350-5 pubmed
    25 patients with 26 intraosseous ganglia in carpal bones are described, 14 in the scaphoid and 12 in the lunate. In most cases, attention was drawn to the lesion when X-rays were performed after a recent injury to the wrist...
  44. Ashmead D, Watson H, Damon C, Herber S, Paly W. Scapholunate advanced collapse wrist salvage. J Hand Surg Am. 1994;19:741-50 pubmed
    ..Complications were few. Nonunion occurred in three cases. A dorsal impingement of the capitate and radius (12%) was felt to be technique-related and avoidable by careful capitolunate alignment...
  45. Trail I, Stanley J, Hayton M. Twenty questions on carpal instability. J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2007;32:240-55 pubmed
  46. Hirsch J, Galuppo L, Graham L, Simpson E, Ferraro G. Clinical evaluation of a titanium, headless variable-pitched tapered cannulated compression screw for repair of frontal plane slab fractures of the third carpal bone in thoroughbred racehorses. Vet Surg. 2007;36:178-84 pubmed
    ..To report clinical evaluation of third carpal bone (C3) frontal plane slab fracture repair with the Acutrak screw system...
  47. Berger R. A method of defining palpable landmarks for the ligament-splitting dorsal wrist capsulotomy. J Hand Surg Am. 2007;32:1291-5 pubmed
    ..Due to the abundance of peritendinous tissue, however, the ligaments are often difficult to visualize. This article presents a method of defining incision capsular lines based on reliably palpable landmarks...
  48. Waters P. Surgical treatment of carpal and hand injuries in children. Instr Course Lect. 2008;57:515-24 pubmed
    ..Complications resulting from pediatric hand fractures, dislocations, and soft-tissue injuries are most commonly caused by a failure to identify and treat an injury requiring surgery...
  49. Han K, Kim J, Chung N, Lee H, Lee Y. Trabecular microstructure of the human lunate in Kienbock's disease. J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2012;37:336-41 pubmed publisher
  50. Wolfe S, Garcia Elias M, Kitay A. Carpal instability nondissociative. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2012;20:575-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Treatment of choice is a corrective osteotomy to restore the normal volar tilt of the distal radius...
  51. Fadel R, Salem A, Ali M, Abu Saif A. Growth assessment of children exposed to low frequency electromagnetic fields at the Abu Sultan area in Ismailia (Egypt). Anthropol Anz. 2006;64:211-26 pubmed
    ..The radiological study revealed a significant delay in carpal bone ossification of the exposed children...
  52. Chim H, Yam A, Chin A, Teoh L. Complex carpal dissociation with open, complete, and divergent trapezium, capitate, and hamate dislocation: a case report. J Hand Surg Am. 2007;32:1363-6 pubmed
    ..The mechanism of injury was a sustained torsional force resulting in a simultaneous distraction and bidirectional dorsopalmar (ulnar)-palmodorsal (radial) crushing force at the carpus...
  53. McCarroll H, James M, Newmeyer W, Manske P. Madelung's deformity: diagnostic thresholds of radiographic measurements. J Hand Surg Am. 2010;35:807-12 pubmed publisher
    ..This study investigated the threshold of 4 radiographic measurements that predict a diagnosis of Madelung's deformity by experienced hand surgeons...