calcaneus

Summary

Summary: The largest of the TARSAL BONES which is situated at the lower and back part of the FOOT, forming the HEEL.

Top Publications

  1. García Ibarbia C, Perez Nuñez M, Olmos J, Valero C, Perez Aguilar M, Hernandez J, et al. Missense polymorphisms of the WNT16 gene are associated with bone mass, hip geometry and fractures. Osteoporos Int. 2013;24:2449-54 pubmed publisher
    ..These results confirm the association of the WNT16 gene with bone mass and osteoporotic fractures...
  2. Chin K, Ima Nirwana S, Isa Naina M, Norazlina M, Ahmad Nazrun S, Norliza M, et al. Calcaneal quantitative ultrasound value for middle-aged and elderly Malaysian Chinese men and its association with age and body anthropometry. J Clin Densitom. 2012;15:86-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study aimed to determine the values for one QUS parameter, the speed of sound (SOS) at the calcaneus, in Malaysian Chinese men and to determine the association between the SOS and several demographic ..
  3. Chin K, Soelaiman I, Mohamed I, Ngah W. Serum testosterone, sex hormone-binding globulin and total calcium levels predict the calcaneal speed of sound in men. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2012;67:911-6 pubmed
    ..The present study aimed to examine the relationship between the calcaneal speed of sound and biochemical determinants of bone mass, such as sex hormones, parathyroid hormones and serum calcium...
  4. Schepers T. The primary arthrodesis for severely comminuted intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus: a systematic review. Foot Ankle Surg. 2012;18:84-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The primary aim of the current review study was to assess the functional outcome of the primary arthrodesis in the management of comminuted displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures...
  5. Epstein N, Chandran S, Chou L. Current concepts review: intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus. Foot Ankle Int. 2012;33:79-86 pubmed publisher
    1) Intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus are associated with severe long-term consequences for function and pain...
  6. Liu J, Ma L, Bi Y, Xu Y, Huang Y, Xu M, et al. A population-based study examining calcaneus quantitative ultrasound and its optimal cut-points to discriminate osteoporotic fractures among 9352 Chinese women and men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012;97:800-9 pubmed publisher
    ..No generally accepted thresholds for quantitative ultrasound (QUS) parameters to screen individuals at high risk of osteoporotic fractures have been defined...
  7. Chan M, Nguyen N, Center J, Eisman J, Nguyen T. Absolute fracture-risk prediction by a combination of calcaneal quantitative ultrasound and bone mineral density. Calcif Tissue Int. 2012;90:128-36 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that calcaneal QUS is an independent predictor of fracture risk and that a combination of QUS and BMD measurement could improve the predictive accuracy of fracture risk in elderly women...
  8. Bayod J, Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo R, Losa Iglesias M, Doblare M. Mechanical stress redistribution in the calcaneus after autologous bone harvesting. J Biomech. 2012;45:1219-26 pubmed publisher
    The calcaneus is a desirable site for harvesting autologous bone for use in foot surgery. However, fracture of the calcaneus is a serious complication associated with bone harvesting from this site...
  9. Wear K, Nagaraja S, Dreher M, Gibson S. Relationships of quantitative ultrasound parameters with cancellous bone microstructure in human calcaneus in vitro. J Acoust Soc Am. 2012;131:1605-12 pubmed publisher
    ..backscatter), bone mineral density (BMD), and microarchitectural features were measured on 29 human cancellous calcaneus samples in vitro...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Flöter M, Bittar C, Zabeu J, Carneiro A. Review of comparative studies between bone densitometry and quantitative ultrasound of the calcaneus in osteoporosis. Acta Reumatol Port. 2011;36:327-35 pubmed
    To assess the utility of quantitative ultrasound (QUS) of the calcaneus for diagnosing osteoporosis compared to the gold standard, bone densitometry using dual-emission X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), according to published reports.
  2. Chin K, Soelaiman I, Mohamed I, Mohamed N, Shuid A, Muhammad N, et al. Discrepancy between the quantitative ultrasound value of Malaysian men and the manufacturer's reference and the impact on classification of bone health status. J Clin Densitom. 2013;16:189-95 pubmed publisher
    ..05). In conclusion, the overall normative value of SOS obtained was suitable for Chinese and Malay men in Malaysia, and a local reference value should be applied to avoid misclassification of subjects into the respective risk groups...
  3. Chin K, Soelaiman I, Mohamed I, Ibrahim S, Wan Ngah W. The effects of age, physical activity level, and body anthropometry on calcaneal speed of sound value in men. Arch Osteoporos. 2012;7:135-45 pubmed publisher
    ..The influences of age, physical activity, and body anthropometry on calcaneal speed of sound are different among young adults, middle-aged, and elderly men...
  4. Lespessailles E, Gadois C, Kousignian I, Neveu J, Fardellone P, Kolta S, et al. Clinical interest of bone texture analysis in osteoporosis: a case control multicenter study. Osteoporos Int. 2008;19:1019-28 pubmed publisher
    ..We have found that the combination of BMD and texture parameter values provided a better assessment of the fracture risk than that obtainable solely by BMD measurement...
  5. Schepers T, Van Lieshout E, van Ginhoven T, Heetveld M, Patka P. Current concepts in the treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures: results of a nationwide survey. Int Orthop. 2008;32:711-5 pubmed
    ..5-30.7 million. Dutch intra-articular calcaneal fracture incidence is at least 0.4% of all fractures presenting to hospitals. Better insight into treatment modalities currently employed and costs in the Netherlands was obtained...
  6. Walde T, Sauer B, Degreif J, Walde H. Closed reduction and percutaneous Kirschner wire fixation for the treatment of dislocated calcaneal fractures: surgical technique, complications, clinical and radiological results after 2-10 years. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2008;128:585-91 pubmed publisher
    ..complications, a minimally invasive technique for the treatment of dislocated intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus was used...
  7. Kwok T, Khoo C, Leung J, Kwok A, Qin L, Woo J, et al. Predictive values of calcaneal quantitative ultrasound and dual energy X ray absorptiometry for non-vertebral fracture in older men: results from the MrOS study (Hong Kong). Osteoporos Int. 2012;23:1001-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Calcaneal QUS is comparable to DXA in predicting non-vertebral fractures in older Chinese men...
  8. Diederichs G, Link T, Kentenich M, Schwieger K, Huber M, Burghardt A, et al. Assessment of trabecular bone structure of the calcaneus using multi-detector CT: correlation with microCT and biomechanical testing. Bone. 2009;44:976-83 pubmed publisher
    ..The goal of this study was to assess parameters of trabecular bone structure and texture of the calcaneus by clinical multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT) in an experimental in situ setup and to correlate ..
  9. Schepers T, Van Lieshout E, Ginai A, Mulder P, Heetveld M, Patka P. Calcaneal fracture classification: a comparative study. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2009;48:156-62 pubmed publisher
    ..The Sanders and Crosby classifications displayed comparable, moderate interobserver variability among surgeons and radiologists, and both of these systems are likely to be useful for classification of intra-articular calcaneal fractures...
  10. Bauer J, Monetti R, Krug R, Matsuura M, Mueller D, Eckstein F, et al. Advances of 3T MR imaging in visualizing trabecular bone structure of the calcaneus are partially SNR-independent: analysis using simulated noise in relation to micro-CT, 1.5T MRI, and biomechanical strength. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2009;29:132-40 pubmed publisher
    ..5T and 3.0T and to specifically study noise effects on the visualization and quantification of trabecular architecture using conventional histomorphometric and nonlinear measures of bone structure...
  11. Thomas L, Steffensen T, Walling A, Gilbert Barness E. Simple (unicameral) bone cyst of the calcaneus: a pathologic variant revisited. Fetal Pediatr Pathol. 2008;27:141-7 pubmed publisher
    A 17-year-old girl was admitted to the hospital for surgery of an enlarging, painful mass of the left calcaneus. Preoperative imaging studies suggested either a simple (unicameral) or aneurysmal bone cyst...
  12. Park I, Micic I, Jeon I. A study of 23 unicameral bone cysts of the calcaneus: open chip allogeneic bone graft versus percutaneous injection of bone powder with autogenous bone marrow. Foot Ankle Int. 2008;29:164-70 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare the results of open chip allogeneic bone graft versus percutaneous injection of demineralized bone powder with autogenous bone marrow in management of calcaneal cysts...
  13. Hintermann B, Knupp M, Barg A. [Osteotomies of the distal tibia and hindfoot for ankle realignment]. Orthopade. 2008;37:212-8, 220-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, our treatment strategy is to correct the deformity first to achieve a well-aligned and balanced tibiotalar joint. If necessary, total ankle replacement is considered in a second stage...
  14. Kingwell S, Buckley R, Willis N. The association between subtalar joint motion and outcome satisfaction in patients with displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures. Foot Ankle Int. 2004;25:666-73 pubmed
    ..The design of this study was a retrospective analysis from a randomized, controlled clinical trial. The setting was a Level I trauma center...
  15. Salminen H, Saaf M, Ringertz H, Strender L. Bone mineral density measurement in the calcaneus with DXL: comparison with hip and spine measurements in a cross-sectional study of an elderly female population. Osteoporos Int. 2005;16:541-51 pubmed
    ..BMD measurements of the calcaneus with DXL correlated fairly well with measurements at axial sites at the group level, while in individual ..
  16. Sormaala M, Niva M, Kiuru M, Mattila V, Pihlajamaki H. Stress injuries of the calcaneus detected with magnetic resonance imaging in military recruits. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006;88:2237-42 pubmed
    ..Calcaneal stress injuries are fairly common overuse injuries in military recruits and athletes. We assessed the anatomic distribution, nature, and healing of calcaneal stress injuries in a group of military recruits...
  17. Frediani B, Acciai C, Falsetti P, Baldi F, Filippou G, Siagkri C, et al. Calcaneus ultrasonometry and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for the evaluation of vertebral fracture risk. Calcif Tissue Int. 2006;79:223-9 pubmed
    ..The combination of QUS and BMD did not improve the diagnostic ability of either individual technique. We found different diagnostic thresholds for QUS and DXA...
  18. Yamada S, Inaba M, Goto H, Nagata M, Ueda M, Nakatuka K, et al. Significance of intima-media thickness in femoral artery in the determination of calcaneus osteo-sono index but not of lumbar spine bone mass in healthy Japanese people. Osteoporos Int. 2005;16:64-70 pubmed
    ..BMD) in lumbar spine was measured by dual X-ray absorptiometry and the osteo-sono assessment index (OSI) of the calcaneus by ultrasound...
  19. Kitaoka H, Crevoisier X, Hansen D, Katajarvi B, Harbst K, Kaufman K. Foot and ankle kinematics and ground reaction forces during ambulation. Foot Ankle Int. 2006;27:808-13 pubmed
    ..They are, therefore, less effective for objective assessment of foot and ankle disorders than multisegment foot models...
  20. Zerahn B, Munk A, Helweg J, Hovgaard C. Bone mineral density in the proximal tibia and calcaneus before and after arthroscopic reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. Arthroscopy. 2006;22:265-9 pubmed
    To monitor changes in bone mineral density (BMD) of the proximal tibia and the calcaneus in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture before and after arthroscopic reconstruction of the ligament, related to clinical data.
  21. Côté S, Ayotte P, Dodin S, Blanchet C, Mulvad G, Petersen H, et al. Plasma organochlorine concentrations and bone ultrasound measurements: a cross-sectional study in peri-and postmenopausal Inuit women from Greenland. Environ Health. 2006;5:33 pubmed
    ..We hypothesized that this exposure might be related to bone characteristics that are altered in osteoporosis, because hormone deficiency is a known risk factor for the disease...
  22. Lee M, Czerwinski S, Choh A, Towne B, Demerath E, Chumlea W, et al. Heritability of calcaneal quantitative ultrasound measures in healthy adults from the Fels Longitudinal Study. Bone. 2004;35:1157-63 pubmed
    ..This study demonstrates that QUS measures of the calcaneus among healthy men and women are heritable, and there are large shared additive genetic effects among all of the ..
  23. Boonen S, Pye S, O Neill T, Szulc P, Gielen E, Borghs H, et al. Influence of bone remodelling rate on quantitative ultrasound parameters at the calcaneus and DXA BMDa of the hip and spine in middle-aged and elderly European men: the European Male Ageing Study (EMAS). Eur J Endocrinol. 2011;165:977-86 pubmed publisher
    ..To assess the influence of sex hormones on markers of bone turnover and to explore the association between these markers and bone health in middle-aged and elderly European men...
  24. Herlidou S, Grebe R, Grados F, Leuyer N, Fardellone P, Meyer M. Influence of age and osteoporosis on calcaneus trabecular bone structure: a preliminary in vivo MRI study by quantitative texture analysis. Magn Reson Imaging. 2004;22:237-43 pubmed
    ..The results suggest that relevant texture information (depending on the ROI localization in the calcaneus) can be extracted from calcaneus MR images to evaluate osteoporosis and age effects on trabecular bone structure ..
  25. Vokes T, Giger M, Chinander M, Karrison T, Favus M, Dixon L. Radiographic texture analysis of densitometer-generated calcaneus images differentiates postmenopausal women with and without fractures. Osteoporos Int. 2006;17:1472-82 pubmed
    ..The present cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine whether such differentiation could also be made using high-resolution os calcis images obtained on a peripheral densitometer...
  26. Talarico L, Vito G, Zyryanov S. Management of displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures by using external ring fixation, minimally invasive open reduction, and early weightbearing. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2004;43:43-50 pubmed
    Twenty-three patients with 25 intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus were treated during a 7-year period with minimally invasive open reduction of the posterior facet, external ring fixation, and early weightbearing...
  27. Nordström A, Gerdhem P, Brändström H, Stiger F, Lerner U, Lorentzon M, et al. Interleukin-6 promoter polymorphism is associated with bone quality assessed by calcaneus ultrasound and previous fractures in a cohort of 75-year-old women. Osteoporos Int. 2004;15:820-6 pubmed
    ..Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) was also measured in the calcaneus and quantified as speed of sound (SOS; m/s), broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA; dB/MHz), and stiffness index ..
  28. Hess M, Booth B, Laughlin R. Calcaneal avulsion fractures: complications from delayed treatment. Am J Emerg Med. 2008;26:254.e1-4 pubmed publisher
    ..This case series presents 3 posterior tuberosity calcaneal avulsion fractures that led to skin necrosis because of a delay in treatment...
  29. Fujiwara S, Sone T, Yamazaki K, Yoshimura N, Nakatsuka K, Masunari N, et al. Heel bone ultrasound predicts non-spine fracture in Japanese men and women. Osteoporos Int. 2005;16:2107-12 pubmed
    ..QUS parameters can predict hip, wrist, and non-spine fracture up to 10 years...
  30. Schepers T, Schipper I, Vogels L, Ginai A, Mulder P, Heetveld M, et al. Percutaneous treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. J Orthop Sci. 2007;12:22-7 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of percutaneous treatment according to Forgon and Zadravecz in patients with displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures...
  31. El Maghraoui A, Morjane F, Mounach A, Ghazi M, Nouijai A, Achemlal L, et al. Performance of calcaneus quantitative ultrasound and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in the discrimination of prevalent asymptomatic osteoporotic fractures in postmenopausal women. Rheumatol Int. 2009;29:551-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The combination of QUS and BMD did not improve the diagnostic ability of either individual technique...
  32. Beavis R, Rourke K, Court Brown C. Avulsion fracture of the calcaneal tuberosity: a case report and literature review. Foot Ankle Int. 2008;29:863-6 pubmed publisher
  33. Schepers T, Heetveld M, Mulder P, Patka P. Clinical outcome scoring of intra-articular calcaneal fractures. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2008;47:213-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, pending consensus, we would recommend choosing between the widely accepted, reliable and valid AOFAS hindfoot and the Maryland Foot Score as the scoring systems of choice...
  34. Femino J, Vaseenon T, Levin D, Yian E. Modification of the sinus tarsi approach for open reduction and plate fixation of intra-articular calcaneus fractures: the limits of proximal extension based upon the vascular anatomy of the lateral calcaneal artery. Iowa Orthop J. 2010;30:161-7 pubmed
    ..Early surgical management to restore articular congruence and the structural function of the calcaneus is widely accepted as the best way to avoid the negative consequences of malunion...
  35. Zwipp H, Rammelt S, Barthel S. Calcaneal fractures--open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). Injury. 2004;35 Suppl 2:SB46-54 pubmed
    ..such as Leriche in 1921 [5] and Judet et al in 1954 [4] introduced screw or plate fixation of the broken calcaneus, surgical treatment using open anatomical reduction and stable internal osteosynthesis only commenced at the ..
  36. Kachlik D, Musil V, Vasko S, Klaue K, Stingl J, Baca V. Calcaneus, calcaneal tendon and retrocalcaneal bursa. Historical overview and plea for an accurate terminology. Acta Chir Belg. 2010;110:255-60 pubmed
    ..of anatomical terminology of three selected morphological units in the heel region--the Achilles tendon, calcaneus and retrocalcaneal bursa...
  37. Richter M, Gosling T, Zech S, Allami M, Geerling J, Droste P, et al. A comparison of plates with and without locking screws in a calcaneal fracture model. Foot Ankle Int. 2005;26:309-19 pubmed
    ..We compared different plates in an experimental calcaneal fracture model under biocompatible loading...
  38. Vokes T, Pham A, Wilkie J, Kocherginsky M, Ma S, Chinander M, et al. Reproducibility and sources of variability in radiographic texture analysis of densitometric calcaneal images. J Clin Densitom. 2008;11:211-20 pubmed
    ..We conclude that technical aspects of image acquisition and processing are adequate to allow further development of RTA of the densitometric images for clinical application as a method for noninvasive assessment of bone structure...
  39. Karakurt L, Yilmaz E, Belhan O, Incesu M, Serin E. [Pseudarthrosis of a calcaneus fracture: a case report]. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2004;38:288-90 pubmed
    Nonunion after a calcaneus fracture is rare. A forty-two-year-old man presented with complaints of extreme left heel pain on weight-bearing, that required him to use crutches...
  40. Maggi S, Noale M, Gonnelli S, Nuti R, Di Munno O, de Feo D, et al. Quantitative ultrasound calcaneous measurements: normative data for the Italian population. the ESOPO study. J Clin Densitom. 2007;10:340-6 pubmed
    ..0% in BUA, 0.8% in SOS, and 9.1% in SI from 60 to 79 yr were detected for females, whereas no significant changes with age in males were observed. Our data show lower QUS values for women, and a decline at a greater rate than in men...
  41. Jagelaviciene E, Kubilius R, Krasauskiene A. The relationship between panoramic radiomorphometric indices of the mandible and calcaneus bone mineral density. Medicina (Kaunas). 2010;46:95-103 pubmed
    The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between bone mineral density in the calcaneus measured using the dual x-ray and laser osteodensitometry technique and bone mineral density in the mandible calculated using the ..
  42. Jiang S, Jiang L, Dai L. Surgical treatment of calcaneal fractures with use of beta-tricalcium phosphate ceramic grafting. Foot Ankle Int. 2008;29:1015-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The treatment of calcaneal fractures is challenging. Internal fixation and grafting with sintered beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP) ceramic is alternative to bone grafting in the treatment of calcaneal fractures...
  43. Seo H, Kim S, Kim C. Risk factors for bone mineral density at the calcaneus in 40-59 year-old male workers: a cross-sectional study in Korea. BMC Public Health. 2008;8:253 pubmed publisher
    ..We performed this study to determine the prevalence and risk factors of osteopenia and osteoporosis in this population...
  44. Zwipp H, Rammelt S. [Subtalar arthrodesis with calcaneal osteotomy]. Orthopade. 2006;35:387-98, 400-4 pubmed
    The amount of postraumatic deformities of the calcaneus after fracture is classified in 5 types (Type I-V)...
  45. Rammelt S, Zwipp H. Calcaneus fractures: facts, controversies and recent developments. Injury. 2004;35:443-61 pubmed
    The management of calcaneus fractures and their associated soft tissue injuries are challenging tasks for the surgeon...
  46. Varenna M, Sinigaglia L, Adami S, Giannini S, Isaia G, Maggi S, et al. Association of quantitative heel ultrasound with history of osteoporotic fractures in elderly men: the ESOPO study. Osteoporos Int. 2005;16:1749-54 pubmed
    ..The strength of the association between QUS measurement and fracture is similar to that observed in elderly women...
  47. Paul M, Peter R, Hoffmeyer P. Fractures of the calcaneum. A review of 70 patients. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2004;86:1142-5 pubmed
    ..Open reduction and internal fixation of intra-articular calcaneal fractures can only be expected to benefit those patients in whom nearly anatomical reconstruction is obtained...
  48. Barr R, Stewart A, Torgerson D, Seymour D, Reid D. Screening elderly women for risk of future fractures--participation rates and impact on incidence of falls and fractures. Calcif Tissue Int. 2005;76:243-8 pubmed
    ..This form of screening may provide a cost-effective method to reduce falls and fractures in free-living elderly women. However, no such cost-effectiveness analysis has been performed to date...
  49. Raichlen D, Armstrong H, Lieberman D. Calcaneus length determines running economy: implications for endurance running performance in modern humans and Neandertals. J Hum Evol. 2011;60:299-308 pubmed publisher
    ..We hypothesize that ER performance may have been reduced in Neandertals because they lived in cold climates...
  50. Potter M, Nunley J. Long-term functional outcomes after operative treatment for intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009;91:1854-60 pubmed publisher
  51. Zwipp H, Rammelt S, Barthel S. [Fracture of the calcaneus]. Unfallchirurg. 2005;108:737-47; quiz 748 pubmed
    Although screw or plate fixation of the fractured calcaneus was first described in the 1920s, surgical treatment using open anatomical reduction and stable internal fixation only commenced at the start of the 1980s...
  52. Marks R, Long J, Ness M, Khazzam M, Harris G. Surgical reconstruction of posterior tibial tendon dysfunction: prospective comparison of flexor digitorum longus substitution combined with lateral column lengthening or medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy. Gait Posture. 2009;29:17-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Both procedures demonstrated comparable improvements in radiographic measurements...
  53. Bernaards C, Twisk J, Snel J, van Mechelen W, Lips P, Kemper H. Smoking and quantitative ultrasound parameters in the calcaneus in 36-year-old men and women. Osteoporos Int. 2004;15:735-41 pubmed
    ..7). BUA (dB/MHz) and SOS (m/s) of the calcaneus were assessed by using the CUBA Clinical instrument...