ulna

Summary

Summary: The inner and longer bone of the FOREARM.

Top Publications

  1. Mohan B, Shenoy S, Babu S, Varma H, John A. Strontium calcium phosphate for the repair of leporine (Oryctolagus cuniculus) ulna segmental defect. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2013;101:261-71 pubmed publisher
    ..scaffolds in bone repair, SrCaPO(4) and hydroxyapatite (HA-Control) scaffolds were implanted in the segmental ulna bone critical-sized defect (1...
  2. Madden A, Tsikoura T, Stott D. The estimation of body height from ulna length in healthy adults from different ethnic groups. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2012;25:121-8 pubmed publisher
    ..height is often difficult to quantify, it may be predicted from alternative anthropometric measurements, including ulna length. Little information is available about the accuracy of these predictions in an ethnically diverse population...
  3. Puchwein P, Schildhauer T, Schöffmann S, Heidari N, Windisch G, Pichler W. Three-dimensional morphometry of the proximal ulna: a comparison to currently used anatomically preshaped ulna plates. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2012;21:1018-23 pubmed publisher
    ..The purposes of this study were to investigate the morphology of the proximal ulna and to compare morphologic findings with geometry of 4 preshaped ulna plates.
  4. Sample S, Collins R, Wilson A, Racette M, Behan M, Markel M, et al. Systemic effects of ulna loading in male rats during functional adaptation. J Bone Miner Res. 2010;25:2016-28 pubmed publisher
    ..Young male Sprague-Dawley rats were used. The right ulna was loaded to induce a modeling response...
  5. McKenzie J, Silva M. Comparing histological, vascular and molecular responses associated with woven and lamellar bone formation induced by mechanical loading in the rat ulna. Bone. 2011;48:250-8 pubmed publisher
  6. Knothe Tate M, Tami A, Netrebko P, Milz S, Docheva D. Multiscale computational and experimental approaches to elucidate bone and ligament mechanobiology using the ulna-radius-interosseous membrane construct as a model system. Technol Health Care. 2012;20:363-78 pubmed publisher
    An in vivo axial loading model of the rat ulna was developed almost two decades ago...
  7. Martinez M, Schmid G, McKenzie J, Ornitz D, Silva M. Healing of non-displaced fractures produced by fatigue loading of the mouse ulna. Bone. 2010;46:1604-12 pubmed publisher
    ..In the future, the fatigue loading approach can be used create non-displaced bone fractures in transgenic and knockout mice to study the mechanisms by which the skeleton rapidly repairs damage. ..
  8. Dhillon M, Saini R, Gill S. Is there a need for reconstruction after excision of the distal ulna for giant-cell tumour?. Acta Orthop Belg. 2010;76:30-7 pubmed
    Giant cell tumour rarely involves the distal ulna; the literature has sporadic cases reported, and the need for reconstruction after distal ulnar resection remains controversial...
  9. Coulet B, Id El Ouali M, Boretto J, Lazerges C, Chammas M. Is distal ulna resection influential on outcomes of distal radius malunion corrective osteotomies?. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2011;97:479-88 pubmed publisher
    ..The mechanical repercussions of distal radius malunion on the distal radio-ulnar (DRU) joint are common and inconsistently corrected by radius osteotomy alone. Ulnar resection has thus become a palliative solution...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Tomaino M. Ulnar impaction syndrome in the ulnar negative and neutral wrist. Diagnosis and pathoanatomy. J Hand Surg Br. 1998;23:754-7 pubmed
    ..This report further substantiates the occurrence of this problem in wrists with neutral and negative variance, and provides a description of diagnostic findings and pathoanatomy...
  2. Lee K, Ablove R, Singh S, De Smet A, Haaland B, Fine J. Ultrasound imaging of normal displacement of the extensor carpi ulnaris tendon within the ulnar groove in 12 forearm-wrist positions. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009;193:651-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Our goal was to determine the normal variation of ECU tendon displacement in 12 forearm-wrist positions...
  3. Moritomo H, Murase T, Arimitsu S, Oka K, Yoshikawa H, Sugamoto K. Change in the length of the ulnocarpal ligaments during radiocarpal motion: possible impact on triangular fibrocartilage complex foveal tears. J Hand Surg Am. 2008;33:1278-86 pubmed publisher
  4. Omlor G, Jung M, Grieser T, Ludwig K. Depiction of the triangular fibro-cartilage in patients with ulnar-sided wrist pain: comparison of direct multi-slice CT arthrography and direct MR arthrography. Eur Radiol. 2009;19:147-51 pubmed publisher
    ..05). In a first, small series, depiction of the TFC with MSCT-AG is comparable to that of MR-AG. Further evaluation of direct multi-slice CT arthrography of the wrist in a larger patient population would be promising...
  5. Windisch G, Clement H, Grechenig W, Tesch N, Pichler W. The anatomy of the proximal ulna. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2007;16:661-6 pubmed
    The posterior border of the ulna is the most important bony landmark for all dorsal surgical approaches and the guideline for open reduction, internal fixation of displaced comminuted fractures of the proximal ulna...
  6. Ward L, Rauch F, White K, Filler G, Matzinger M, Letts M, et al. Resolution of severe, adolescent-onset hypophosphatemic rickets following resection of an FGF-23-producing tumour of the distal ulna. Bone. 2004;34:905-11 pubmed
  7. Tanaka T, Amadio P, Zhao C, Zobitz M, An K. Effect of wrist and ulna head position on gliding resistance of the extensor digitorum minimi and extensor digitorum communis III tendons: a cadaver study. J Orthop Res. 2006;24:757-62 pubmed
    ..Friction within the compartment may play a role, especially with ulna dislocation...
  8. Rubin J, Rubin C. Functional adaptation to loading of a single bone is neuronally regulated and involves multiple bones. J Bone Miner Res. 2008;23:1369-71 pubmed publisher
  9. Sample S, Behan M, Smith L, Oldenhoff W, Markel M, Kalscheur V, et al. Functional adaptation to loading of a single bone is neuronally regulated and involves multiple bones. J Bone Miner Res. 2008;23:1372-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Load-induced responses in the left and right ulnas and humeri were determined after loading of the right ulna in male Sprague-Dawley rats (69 +/- 16 days of age)...
  10. Birkbeck D, Failla J, Hoshaw S, Fyhrie D, Schaffler M. The interosseous membrane affects load distribution in the forearm. J Hand Surg Am. 1997;22:975-80 pubmed
    ..the interosseous membrane in load sharing was defined by simultaneously quantitating loads in the distal radius and ulna and in the proximal radius and ulna with an axial load to the wrist, before and after transecting the interosseous ..
  11. Hsieh Y, Silva M. In vivo fatigue loading of the rat ulna induces both bone formation and resorption and leads to time-related changes in bone mechanical properties and density. J Orthop Res. 2002;20:764-71 pubmed
    ..Axial, compressive loading (peak force 13.3 N, 2 Hz) was applied to the right forelimb until the ulna was fatigued to a pre-determined level. The left forelimb served as a contralateral control...
  12. Ashman C, Farooki S, Abduljalil A, Chakeres D. In vivo high resolution coronal MRI of the wrist at 8.0 tesla. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2002;26:387-91 pubmed
    ..The increased signal-to-noise ratio available at 8 T allows acquisition of high quality, high resolution images and visualization of intricate anatomy at scan times acceptable for clinical imaging...
  13. Loh Y, Van Den Abbeele K, Stanley J, Trail I. The results of ulnar shortening for ulnar impaction syndrome. J Hand Surg Br. 1999;24:316-20 pubmed
    ..At a mean follow-up time of 33 months, 17 patients had obtained good subjective pain relief and 16 were shown to have a good overall outcome using the Wrightington Hospital Wrist Function Evaluation...
  14. Shaaban H, Giakas G, Bolton M, Williams R, Wicks P, Scheker L, et al. The load-bearing characteristics of the forearm: pattern of axial and bending force transmitted through ulna and radius. J Hand Surg Br. 2006;31:274-9 pubmed
    ..study was performed on 12 cadaveric arms to define the normal profiles of force transmission through the ulna and radius and demonstrate the effect on these of simulated injury of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ)...
  15. Baek G, Chung M, Lee Y, Gong H, Lee S, Kim H. Ulnar shortening osteotomy in idiopathic ulnar impaction syndrome. Surgical technique. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006;88 Suppl 1 Pt 2:212-20 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical features of idiopathic ulnar impaction syndrome and the outcomes of ulnar shortening osteotomy for this group of patients...
  16. Wohl G, Towler D, Silva M. Stress fracture healing: fatigue loading of the rat ulna induces upregulation in expression of osteogenic and angiogenic genes that mimic the intramembranous portion of fracture repair. Bone. 2009;44:320-30 pubmed publisher
    ..We used the rat forelimb compression model to produce four discrete levels of fatigue damage in the right ulna of 115 male Fischer rats. Rats were killed at 0 (1 h), 1, 3 and 7 days after loading...
  17. Takeuchi H, Ito K, Ogino T, Hasegawa T, Kitamura M, Ishii S. A case of osteocartilaginous mass involving the coronoid process of the ulna: solitary osteochondroma or dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica?. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2003;12:510-3 pubmed
  18. Haferkamp H, Heidemann B, Gühne O, Deventer B. [Results of Kapandji-Sauvé procedure with distal radio-ulnar fusion and segmental resection of the ulna]. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir. 2003;35:170-4 pubmed
    ..25 patients were followed up using a modified Martini score. We found a significant improvement of forearm rotation, reduction of pain and a good patient satisfaction in a long-term follow-up ranging from three to 12 years...
  19. Robling A, Duijvelaar K, Geevers J, Ohashi N, Turner C. Modulation of appositional and longitudinal bone growth in the rat ulna by applied static and dynamic force. Bone. 2001;29:105-13 pubmed
    Appositional and longitudinal growth of long bones are influenced by mechanical stimuli. Using the noninvasive rat ulna loading model, we tested the hypothesis that brief-duration (10 min/day) static loads have an inhibitory effect on ..
  20. Jan van Geffen G, Tielens L, Gielen M. Ultrasound-guided interscalene brachial plexus block in a child with femur fibula ulna syndrome. Paediatr Anaesth. 2006;16:330-2 pubmed
    Ultrasound-guided interscalene brachial plexus block is described in a 7-year-old child with femur fibula ulna syndrome...
  21. Jung J, Baek G, Kim J, Lee Y, Chung M. Changes in ulnar variance in relation to forearm rotation and grip. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2001;83:1029-33 pubmed
    ..34+/-0.53 mm. We consider this database of normal values to be useful for both the diagnosis and treatment of conditions related to discrepancy in radio-ulnar length and for clinical research...
  22. Iwasaki N, Ishikawa J, Kato H, Minami M, Minami A. Factors affecting results of ulnar shortening for ulnar impaction syndrome. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2007;465:215-9 pubmed
    ..5 points). A long duration of symptoms and workers' compensation predicted worse clinical scores. We recommend considering these two factors when deciding whether to perform this procedure...
  23. Wolfe S, Mih A, Hotchkiss R, Culp R, Keifhaber T, Nagle D. Wide excision of the distal ulna: a multicenter case study. J Hand Surg Am. 1998;23:222-8 pubmed
    Excision of the distal ulna to treat degenerative disease or instability has fallen into disfavor following reports of radioulnar impingement, carpal instability, and distal ulnar instability...
  24. Tatebe M, Horii E, Nakao E, Shinohara T, Imaeda T, Nakamura R, et al. Repair of the triangular fibrocartilage complex after ulnar-shortening osteotomy: second-look arthroscopy. J Hand Surg Am. 2007;32:445-9 pubmed
    ..This study investigated whether the avascular zone of the TFCC has any potential for repair, and whether repair of the torn disc proper correlates with clinical findings...
  25. Constantine K, Tomaino M, Herndon J, Sotereanos D. Comparison of ulnar shortening osteotomy and the wafer resection procedure as treatment for ulnar impaction syndrome. J Hand Surg Am. 2000;25:55-60 pubmed
    ..Ulnar shortening osteotomy and wafer distal ulna resection (wafer resection procedure) were each performed in 11 patients based on the preference of 3 individual ..
  26. Deshmukh S, Shanahan D, Coulthard D. Distal radioulnar joint incongruity after shortening of the ulna. J Hand Surg Br. 2000;25:434-8 pubmed
    ..joint (DRUJ) were studied in 13 preserved cadaveric wrists specimens before and after 2 mm of shortening of the ulna. The DRUJs were subclassified on the basis of the DRUJ angle and depth of the sigmoid notch...
  27. Chen N, Wolfe S. Ulna shortening osteotomy using a compression device. J Hand Surg Am. 2003;28:88-93 pubmed
    ..To report the functional and radiographic outcomes of a cohort of patients treated for ulnar impaction syndrome with a single technique of ulnar shortening osteotomy...
  28. Moermans A, Degreef I, De Smet L. Ulnar shortening osteotomy for ulnar ideopathic impaction syndrome. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg Hand Surg. 2007;41:310-4 pubmed
    ..Mean consolidation time (10 months) (range 2-32) and return to work were longer than in similar studies. Our findings confirm the usefulness of ulnar shortening osteotomy in the relief of ulnocarpal impingement symptoms...
  29. Intuwongse C. Reconstruction following en bloc resection of a giant cell tumor of the distal radius using a vascularized pedicle graft of the ulna. J Hand Surg Am. 1998;23:742-7 pubmed
    ..It provides early bone union and improves stability of the wrist joint. Four cases of giant cell tumor were treated and all 4 cases had satisfactory results...
  30. Kimura K, Tatezaki S, Ishii T, Yonemoto T, Shigehara T, Takenouchi T. Hemiarthroplasty of the elbow with a vascularized fibular graft after excision of Ewing's sarcoma of the proximal ulna: a case report. Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2002;32:430-4 pubmed
    We report an 8-year-old girl with a Ewing's sarcoma in the right proximal ulna. The patient presented with pain in her right elbow, and plain radiographs showed destructive changes with a periosteal reaction in the proximal third of the ..
  31. Wurapa R, Whipple R. Distal radioulnar allograft reconstruction after giant cell tumor resection. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2003;32:397-400 pubmed
    ..We report a case of a distal ulnar giant cell tumor treated with wide en bloc excision and 2-stage allograft reconstruction and followed up for 40 months...
  32. Tatebe M, Nakamura R, Horii E, Nakao E. Results of ulnar shortening osteotomy for ulnocarpal impaction syndrome in wrists with neutral or negative ulnar variance. J Hand Surg Br. 2005;30:129-32 pubmed
    ..These cases show that ulnocarpal impaction syndrome can occur in wrists with zero or negative ulnar variance, and that ulnar shortening is an effective treatment for such wrists...
  33. Muir P, Sample S, Barrett J, McCarthy J, Vanderby R, Markel M, et al. Effect of fatigue loading and associated matrix microdamage on bone blood flow and interstitial fluid flow. Bone. 2007;40:948-56 pubmed
    ..The contralateral ulna served as a treatment control, and a baseline control group (n=23) that was not loaded was also included...
  34. Drinkuth S, Segmüller H, Furrer M, von Wartburg U. Parosteal osteosarcoma of the distal ulna. A rare tumour at a rare location: a case report. Chir Main. 2003;22:104-8 pubmed
    We report a case of a histologically well differentiated, grade I, parosteal osteosarcoma of the distal ulna. The tumour's radiological and histological features are described, and the patient's course after wide en-bloc resection is ..
  35. Lee K, Maxwell A, Lanyon L. Validation of a technique for studying functional adaptation of the mouse ulna in response to mechanical loading. Bone. 2002;31:407-12 pubmed
    Functional adaptation of the mouse ulna in response to artificial loading in vivo was assessed using a technique previously developed in the rat...
  36. Adams B, Divelbiss B. Reconstruction of the posttraumatic unstable distal radioulnar joint. Orthop Clin North Am. 2001;32:353-63, x pubmed
    ..Attention focuses specifically on anatomic reconstruction of distal radioulnar ligaments. The authors' technique is presented in detail...
  37. Lappalainen A, Norrgård M, Alm K, Snellman M, Laitinen O. Calcification of the intervertebral discs and curvature of the radius and ulna: a radiographic survey of Finnish miniature dachshunds. Acta Vet Scand. 2001;42:229-36 pubmed
    ..The front legs were also radiographed in order to evaluate the curvature of the radius and ulna. Calcified discs were found in 75.9% of the longhaired miniature dachshunds and in 86.7% of the wirehaired ones...
  38. Yamamoto K, Tateiwa T, Takaaki S, Miyajima H, Nagai S, Imakiire A. Treatment of epiphyseal injury of the distal ulna without associated radial fracture. Orthopedics. 2006;29:157-9 pubmed
  39. Mosley J, March B, Lynch J, Lanyon L. Strain magnitude related changes in whole bone architecture in growing rats. Bone. 1997;20:191-8 pubmed
    ..periods of controlled dynamic loading were applied in vivo through the flexed carpus and olecranon to the intact ulna of 240 g male Sprague-Dawley rats...
  40. Sasaki G, Ogata T, Ishii T, Hasegawa T, Sato S, Matsuo N. Novel mutation of TBX3 in a Japanese family with ulnar-mammary syndrome: implication for impaired sex development. Am J Med Genet. 2002;110:365-9 pubmed
    ..The results are consistent with the previous finding that UMS is caused by haploinsufficiency of TBX3, and imply that mild gonadotropin deficiency may be the primary cause for underdeveloped external genitalia in males with UMS...
  41. Kayias E, Drosos G, Anagnostopoulou G. Resection of the distal ulna for tumours and stabilisation of the stump. A case report and literature review. Acta Orthop Belg. 2006;72:484-91 pubmed
    The distal end of the ulna is an uncommon site for primary bone tumours...
  42. Uthgenannt B, Silva M. Use of the rat forelimb compression model to create discrete levels of bone damage in vivo. J Biomech. 2007;40:317-24 pubmed
    ..This loading model will be useful for examining biological responses to a range of sub-fracture damage levels in future experiments...
  43. Bickel K. Arthroscopic treatment of ulnar impaction syndrome. J Hand Surg Am. 2008;33:1420-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Chondral and subchondral edema, mechanical impingement of the articular disc, and chondromalacia of the distal ulna, proximal lunate, and proximal triquetrum produce symptoms with activity that do not improve with rest...
  44. Cerezal L, Abascal F, García Valtuille R, Del Piñal F. Wrist MR arthrography: how, why, when. Radiol Clin North Am. 2005;43:709-31, viii pubmed
    ..This article reviews the current role of MR arthrography in the evaluation of wrist joint disorders considering the relevant aspects of anatomy, techniques, and applications...
  45. Peterson B, McCarroll H, James M. Distraction lengthening of the ulna in children with radial longitudinal deficiency. J Hand Surg Am. 2007;32:1402-7 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study is to examine retrospectively the outcomes of Ilizarov lengthening of the ulna in children with radial longitudinal deficiency.
  46. Skedros J, Hunt K. Does the degree of laminarity correlate with site-specific differences in collagen fibre orientation in primary bone? An evaluation in the turkey ulna diaphysis. J Anat. 2004;205:121-34 pubmed
    ..735; adults: r = 0.866; P < 0.001) suggest that primary bone can exhibit potentially adaptive material variations that are independent of secondary osteon formation...
  47. Castillo A, Alam I, Tanaka S, Levenda J, Li J, Warden S, et al. Low-amplitude, broad-frequency vibration effects on cortical bone formation in mice. Bone. 2006;39:1087-1096 pubmed publisher
    ..with or without an additive low-amplitude, broad-frequency (0-50 Hz) vibration signal, were applied to the mouse ulna in axial compression...
  48. Bamshad M, Le T, Watkins W, Dixon M, Kramer B, Roeder A, et al. The spectrum of mutations in TBX3: Genotype/Phenotype relationship in ulnar-mammary syndrome. Am J Hum Genet. 1999;64:1550-62 pubmed
    ..We found no obvious phenotypic differences between those who have missense mutations and those who have deletions or frameshifts...
  49. Vankalakunti M, Saikia U, Mathew M, Kang M. Xanthogranulomatous osteomyelitis of ulna mimicking neoplasm. World J Surg Oncol. 2007;5:46 pubmed
    ..Xanthogranulomatous osteomyelitis often presents as a severe chronic inflammation associated with pain, fever, and leukocytosis. It may mimic carcinoma in the involved organs...
  50. Yeh G, Beredjiklian P, Katz M, Steinberg D, Bozentka D. Effects of forearm rotation on the clinical evaluation of ulnar variance. J Hand Surg Am. 2001;26:1042-6 pubmed
  51. Tristan Vega A, Arribas J. A radius and ulna TW3 bone age assessment system. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2008;55:1463-76 pubmed publisher
    ..The system comprises the detailed analysis of the two most important bones in TW3: the radius and ulna wrist bones...
  52. Nishiwaki M, Nakamura T, Nagura T, Toyama Y, Ikegami H. Ulnar-shortening effect on distal radioulnar joint pressure: a biomechanical study. J Hand Surg Am. 2008;33:198-205 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aimed to examine the changes in pressure at the DRUJ by simulating the ulnar-shortening procedure in intact and torn states of the triangular fibrocartilage complex...
  53. Grechenig W, Clement H, Pichler W, Tesch N, Windisch G. The influence of lateral and anterior angulation of the proximal ulna on the treatment of a Monteggia fracture: an anatomical cadaver study. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2007;89:836-8 pubmed
    We have investigated the anatomy of the proximal part of the ulna to assess its influence on the use of plates in the management of fractures at this site. We examined 54 specimens from cadavers...