Genomes and Genes
Summary: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
- Yamamoto S, Kim H, Hikosaka O. Reward value-contingent changes of visual responses in the primate caudate tail associated with a visuomotor skill. J Neurosci. 2013;33:11227-38 pubmed publisher..The biased activity of CDt neurons may be transmitted to the oculomotor region so that animals can choose high-valued objects automatically based on stable reward experiences. ..
- Sacheli L, Tidoni E, Pavone E, Aglioti S, Candidi M. Kinematics fingerprints of leader and follower role-taking during cooperative joint actions. Exp Brain Res. 2013;226:473-86 pubmed publisher..Our results show that mimicking and signaling are implemented in joint actions according to the interactional role of the agent, which in turn is reflected in the kinematics of each partner. ..
- Emrich S, Riggall A, LaRocque J, Postle B. Distributed patterns of activity in sensory cortex reflect the precision of multiple items maintained in visual short-term memory. J Neurosci. 2013;33:6516-23 pubmed publisher..These findings indicate that distributed patterns of neural activity in putatively sensory visual cortex support the representation and precision of information in VSTM. ..
- Repp B, Su Y. Sensorimotor synchronization: a review of recent research (2006-2012). Psychon Bull Rev. 2013;20:403-52 pubmed publisher..It is evident that much new knowledge about SMS has been acquired in the last 7 years. ..
- Lee S, Kravitz D, Baker C. Goal-dependent dissociation of visual and prefrontal cortices during working memory. Nat Neurosci. 2013;16:997-9 pubmed publisher..Thus, the ability to maintain information during working memory is a general and flexible cortical property, with the role of individual regions being goal-dependent. ..
- Gallivan J, Chapman C, McLean D, Flanagan J, Culham J. Activity patterns in the category-selective occipitotemporal cortex predict upcoming motor actions. Eur J Neurosci. 2013;38:2408-24 pubmed publisher..These findings suggest that the ventral visual pathway, which is well known to be involved in object recognition and perceptual processing, plays a larger than previously expected role in preparing object-directed hand actions. ..
- Cheng K, Pratt J, Maki B. Effects of spatial-memory decay and dual-task interference on perturbation-evoked reach-to-grasp reactions in the absence of online visual feedback. Hum Mov Sci. 2013;32:328-42 pubmed publisher..Further work is needed to determine effects of age-related impairments in visuospatial memory and attentional capacity. ..
- Verbruggen F, Chambers C, Logan G. Fictitious inhibitory differences: how skewness and slowing distort the estimation of stopping latencies. Psychol Sci. 2013;24:352-62 pubmed publisher..Thus, skewing and response slowing can lead to spurious inhibitory differences. We recommend that the mean method of estimating SSRT be abandoned in favor of the integration method. ..
- Cousins S, Kaski D, Cutfield N, Seemungal B, Golding J, Gresty M, et al. Vestibular perception following acute unilateral vestibular lesions. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e61862 pubmed publisher..We provide evidence of perceptual processes (ultimately cortical) participating in vestibular compensation, suppressing asymmetry acutely in unilateral vestibular lesions. ..
- Duecker F, Sack A. Pre-stimulus sham TMS facilitates target detection. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e57765 pubmed publisher..These non-neural effects of TMS need to be controlled for in TMS research and the present findings provide an empirical basis for deciding what constitutes a valid control condition. ..
- Colzato L, van den Wildenberg W, Hommel B. Increasing self-other integration through divergent thinking. Psychon Bull Rev. 2013;20:1011-6 pubmed publisher..weak top-down control and a resulting narrow vs. broad attentional focus) of information processing irrespective of its social implications. ..
- Rand M, Wang L, Müsseler J, Heuer H. Vision and proprioception in action monitoring by young and older adults. Neurobiol Aging. 2013;34:1864-72 pubmed publisher..These findings provide underlying reasons for age-related changes in learning a new visuo-motor transformation. ..
- Rothenhoefer K, Costa V, Bartolo R, Vicario Feliciano R, Murray E, Averbeck B. Effects of Ventral Striatum Lesions on Stimulus-Based versus Action-Based Reinforcement Learning. J Neurosci. 2017;37:6902-6914 pubmed publisher..Our results therefore suggest that the VS plays a specific role in learning to select rewarded stimuli. ..
- Franz E, Fu Y, Moore M, Winter T, Mayne T, Debnath R, et al. Fooling the brain by mirroring the hand: Brain correlates of the perceptual capture of limb ownership. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2016;34:721-32 pubmed publisher..This is an initial step toward eventual development of therapeutic targets for interventions including brain computer interfaces (BCIs) aimed at ameliorating the negative effects associated with impaired or missing limbs. ..
- Mowla A, Dastgheib S, Razeghian Jahromi L. Comparing the Effects of Sertraline with Duloxetine for Depression Severity and Symptoms: A Double-Blind, Randomized Controlled Trial. Clin Drug Investig. 2016;36:539-43 pubmed publisher..Our study shows that the antidepressant mechanism of action has influence on its effects on different signs and symptoms. Clinician awareness of an antidepressant's special effects can help in selecting appropriate medicine. ..
- Straulino E, Scaravilli T, Castiello U. Dopamine depletion affects communicative intentionality in Parkinson's disease patients: Evidence from action kinematics. Cortex. 2016;77:84-94 pubmed publisher..The PD patients in the 'off' state, instead, were unable to kinematically differentiate between the two conditions. We contend that social and communicative impairments are associated with abnormalities in dopaminergic pathways. ..
- Niechwiej Szwedo E, Chin J, Wolfe P, Popovich C, Staines W. Abnormal visual experience during development alters the early stages of visual-tactile integration. Behav Brain Res. 2016;304:111-9 pubmed publisher..These results indicate that the consequences of abnormal visual experience on neurophysiological processing extend beyond the primary and secondary visual areas to other modality-specific areas. ..
- Pajunen T, Vuori E, Vincenzi F, Lillsunde P, Smith G, Lunetta P. Unintentional drowning: Role of medicinal drugs and alcohol. BMC Public Health. 2017;17:388 pubmed publisher..Future studies should also address other mechanisms-for instance drug-induced long-QT syndrome-by which drugs may contribute to drowning. ..
- Costa M, Barbosa T, Morais J, Miranda S, Marinho D. Can concurrent teaching promote equal biomechanical adaptations at front crawl and backstroke swimming?. Acta Bioeng Biomech. 2017;19:81-88 pubmed..However, each subject shows an individual response to better adapt the biomechanical actions and to reach a higher level of expertise. ..
- Bryce D, Bratzke D. Are participants' reports of their own reaction times reliable? Re-examining introspective limitations in active and passive dual-task paradigms. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2017;172:1-9 pubmed publisher..Thus, the timeline seems to better represent participants' introspective representation of the trial. Importantly, introspection limitations still existed when participants processed the PRP task and then recreated it on a timeline. ..
- Lu D, Wu Y, Qu Y, Shi F, Hu J, Gao B, et al. A modified method to reduce variable outcomes in a rat model of four-vessel arterial occlusion. Neurol Res. 2016;38:1102-1110 pubmed..The latency time was found to be significantly increased 1 to 7 days after GCI compared with sham. In conclusion, this modified model provides a reliable tool for ischemic stroke research. ..
- Albonico A, Malaspina M, Bricolo E, Martelli M, Daini R. Temporal dissociation between the focal and orientation components of spatial attention in central and peripheral vision. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2016;171:85-92 pubmed publisher..Specifically, we found that the orientation component was stronger in periphery, while the focal component was noticeable only in central vision and characterized by an exogenous nature. ..
- Zanardi R, Maieron M, Tomasino B. Modulation of hand motor-related area during motor imagery and motor execution before and after middle 2/5 of the MS6 line scalp acupuncture stimulation: An fMRI study. Brain Cogn. 2016;103:1-11 pubmed publisher..Taken together, these preliminary findings may shed light on the SA effects and confirm a prolonged effect of SA even after cessation of needling stimulation. ..
- de Bruijn E, Nijmeijer S, Forbes P, Koelman J, van der Helm F, Tijssen M, et al. Dystonic neck muscles show a shift in relative autospectral power during isometric contractions. Clin Neurophysiol. 2017;128:1937-1945 pubmed publisher..We associate shifts in autospectral power with prokinetic sensorimotor control. Analysis of autospectral power in isometric tasks with the head fixed is a promising approach in research and diagnostics of cervical dystonia. ..
- Folke T, Ouzia J, Bright P, De Martino B, Filippi R. A bilingual disadvantage in metacognitive processing. Cognition. 2016;150:119-32 pubmed publisher..Results are discussed with reference to the balance of advantages versus disadvantages associated with multilanguage learning. ..
- Huang J, Gegenfurtner K, Schütz A, Billino J. Age effects on saccadic adaptation: Evidence from different paradigms reveals specific vulnerabilities. J Vis. 2017;17:9 pubmed publisher..Our findings emphasize the need to differentiate between specific aging processes in order to understand functional decline and stability across the adult life span. ..
- Geronimo A, Simmons Z, Schiff S. Performance predictors of brain-computer interfaces in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. J Neural Eng. 2016;13:026002 pubmed publisher..These findings highlight the importance of considering the heterogeneity of disease when designing BCI augmentative and alternative communication devices for clinical applications. ..
- Ponce C, Genecin M, Perez Melara G, Livingstone M. Automated chair-training of rhesus macaques. J Neurosci Methods. 2016;263:75-80 pubmed publisher..It is also a promising method for animal-use refinement and in our case, it was the only effective training approach for an animal suffering from a behavioral pathology. ..
- Deshpande N, Simonsick E, Metter E, Ko S, Ferrucci L, Studenski S. Ankle proprioceptive acuity is associated with objective as well as self-report measures of balance, mobility, and physical function. Age (Dordr). 2016;38:53 pubmed publisher..However, the cutoff proprioceptive acuity associated with substantial decline or inability to perform could depend on the challenge induced. ..
- Karabay I, Doğan A, Ekiz T, Koseoglu B, Ersoz M. Training postural control and sitting in children with cerebral palsy: Kinesio taping vs. neuromuscular electrical stimulation. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2016;24:67-72 pubmed publisher..Moreover, NMES group showed better improvement. KT or NMES application for four weeks in addition to NDT is effective on improving kyphosis and sitting. Besides, NMES is more effective than KT. ..
- O Brien F, Klauer S, Ehsani J, Simons Morton B. Changes over 12 months in eye glances during secondary task engagement among novice drivers. Accid Anal Prev. 2016;93:48-54 pubmed publisher..The results suggest that novice drivers are particularly poor at engaging with secondary tasks while driving. ..
- Davis S, Barton B. Effects of secondary tasks on auditory detection and crossing thresholds in relation to approaching vehicle noises. Accid Anal Prev. 2017;98:287-294 pubmed publisher..e., crossing thresholds). Implications for future research and injury prevention are discussed. ..
- Doan C, Vigo R. Constructing and Deconstructing Concepts. Exp Psychol. 2016;63:249-262 pubmed..Additionally, we compared model performance to predictions made by a leading prototypicality measure in the literature. ..
- Barton B, Heath G, LEW R. Detection and Direction Determination of Approaching Vehicle Noises Among Older Adults. Int J Aging Hum Dev. 2016;82:229-50 pubmed publisher..Interactions were discovered between age and speed conditions within the auditory task. Results are discussed in the context of past research and with regard to informing future injury prevention efforts. ..
- Voigt Radloff S, de Werd M, Leonhart R, Boelen D, Olde Rikkert M, Fliessbach K, et al. Structured relearning of activities of daily living in dementia: the randomized controlled REDALI-DEM trial on errorless learning. Alzheimers Res Ther. 2017;9:22 pubmed publisher..Structured relearning improved the performance of activities of daily living. Improvements were maintained for 6 months. EL had no additional effect over TEL. German Register of Clinical Trials DRKS00003117 . Registered 31 May 2011. ..
- James S, Bell O, Nazli M, Pearce R, Spencer J, Tyrrell K, et al. Target-distractor synchrony affects performance in a novel motor task for studying action selection. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0176945 pubmed publisher..As such, the results provide insights into action selection performance in humans and supply data for directly constraining future computational models therein. ..
- Kinuthia R, Gakinya B, Thigiti J. Relationship between HIV stage and psychomotor speed neurocognitive score at a Kenyan sub-county hospital. Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med. 2016;8:e1-8 pubmed publisher..Efforts should be made to ensure that the CD4 counts of people living with HIV and AIDS do not continue to fall after initiation into care in order to preserve psychomotor function. ..
- Bells S, Lefebvre J, Prescott S, Dockstader C, Bouffet E, Skocic J, et al. Changes in White Matter Microstructure Impact Cognition by Disrupting the Ability of Neural Assemblies to Synchronize. J Neurosci. 2017;37:8227-8238 pubmed publisher..Together, our human imaging data and computer simulations show a fundamental connection between WM microstructure and neural synchronization that is critical for cognitive processing. ..
- Batmaz A, de Mathelin M, Dresp Langley B. Seeing virtual while acting real: Visual display and strategy effects on the time and precision of eye-hand coordination. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0183789 pubmed publisher..The results shed new light on controversial findings relative to visual display effects on eye-hand coordination, and lead to conclude that differences in camera systems and adaptive strategies of novices are likely to explain these. ..
- Malhi G, McAulay C, Gershon S, Gessler D, Fritz K, Das P, et al. The Lithium Battery: assessing the neurocognitive profile of lithium in bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disord. 2016;18:102-15 pubmed publisher..In order to achieve this, we propose a Lithium Battery-Clinical and a Lithium Battery-Research that can be applied to these respective settings. ..
- Hunley S, Marker A, Lourenco S. Individual Differences in the Flexibility of Peripersonal Space. Exp Psychol. 2017;64:49-55 pubmed publisher..We discuss these findings in relation to the defensive function of peripersonal space and reduced attentional flexibility associated with trait anxieties. ..
- Humby T, Fisher A, Allen C, Reynolds M, Hartman A, Giegling I, et al. A genetic variant within STS previously associated with inattention in boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is associated with enhanced cognition in healthy adult males. Brain Behav. 2017;7:e00646 pubmed publisher..As reaction time variability is a predictor of well-being, rs17268988 genotype may represent a biomarker for long-term health. ..
- Sebastian A, Rössler K, Wibral M, Mobascher A, Lieb K, Jung P, et al. Neural Architecture of Selective Stopping Strategies: Distinct Brain Activity Patterns Are Associated with Attentional Capture But Not with Outright Stopping. J Neurosci. 2017;37:9785-9794 pubmed publisher..Thus, when studying attentional processing of salient stop signals, strategic differences should be considered. In contrast, the neural networks implementing outright stopping seem less or not at all affected by strategic differences. ..
- Gonçalves Ó, Rêgo G, Oliveira Silva P, Leite J, Carvalho S, Fregni F, et al. Mind wandering and the attention network system. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2017;172:49-54 pubmed publisher..The present results confirmed the importance of differentiating type of "out of task" thoughts in studying the relationship between though distractors and attention. ..
- Koshino H. Effects of working memory contents and perceptual load on distractor processing: When a response-related distractor is held in working memory. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2017;172:19-25 pubmed publisher..These results suggest that the way the contents of working memory affect visual search depends on perceptual load. ..
- Vallee Tourangeau F, Steffensen S, Vallée Tourangeau G, Sirota M. Insight with hands and things. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2016;170:195-205 pubmed publisher..The discussion focuses on the implications of these findings for the prevailing metatheoretical commitment to methodological individualism that places the individual as the ontological locus of cognition. ..
- Gliksman Y, Weinbach N, Henik A. Alerting cues enhance the subitizing process. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2016;170:139-45 pubmed publisher..e., presenting quantities in a canonical array), a subitizing-like pattern was revealed in quantities beyond the subitizing range. ..
- Huber M, Brown A, Sternad D. Girls can play ball: Stereotype threat reduces variability in a motor skill. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2016;169:79-87 pubmed publisher..Further, a comprehensive understanding should incorporate the fact that stereotype threat can facilitate, as well as debilitate, performance. ..
- Alnassar S, Alrashoudi A, Alaqeel M, Alotaibi H, Alkahel A, Hajjar W, et al. Clinical psychomotor skills among left and right handed medical students: are the left-handed medical students left out?. BMC Med Educ. 2016;16:97 pubmed publisher..Early laterality-related mentoring in medical schools as well as during the clinical residency might reduce the inconveniences faced by the left-handed medical personnel. ..
- Wongkietkachorn A, Rhunsiri P, Boonyawong P, Lawanprasert A, Tantiphlachiva K. Tutoring Trainees to Suture: An Alternative Method for Learning How to Suture and a Way to Compensate for a Lack of Suturing Cases. J Surg Educ. 2016;73:524-8 pubmed publisher..5:2 Â± 1:2, p = 0.13; 7.4 Â± 7.4 vs. 8.0 Â± 10.8, p = 0.44). Tutoring trainees to suture can improve a student's ability to learn how to suture. ..
- Matzke D, Hughes M, Badcock J, Michie P, Heathcote A. Failures of cognitive control or attention? The case of stop-signal deficits in schizophrenia. Atten Percept Psychophys. 2017;79:1078-1086 pubmed publisher..2016), who report that controls also display a substantial although lower trigger-failure rate, indicate that attentional factors need to be taken into account when interpreting results from the stop-signal paradigm. ..
- Haijima A, Lesmana R, Shimokawa N, Amano I, Takatsuru Y, Koibuchi N. Differential neurotoxic effects of in utero and lactational exposure to hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyl (OH-PCB 106) on spontaneous locomotor activity and motor coordination in young adult male mice. J Toxicol Sci. 2017;42:407-416 pubmed publisher..These results suggest that perinatal exposure to OH-PCB 106 affects motor behaviors in young adult male mice. Depending on the period of exposure, OH-PCB 106 may have different effects on neurobehavioral development. ..
- Liu Y, Wang X, Li W, Zhang Q, Li Y, Zhang Z, et al. A Sensitized IGF1 Treatment Restores Corticospinal Axon-Dependent Functions. Neuron. 2017;95:817-833.e4 pubmed publisher..Thus, our results demonstrate a potentially translatable strategy for restoring cortical dependent function after injury in the adult. ..
- Downer M, Kirkland M, Wallack E, Ploughman M. Walking impairs cognitive performance among people with multiple sclerosis but not controls. Hum Mov Sci. 2016;49:124-31 pubmed publisher..68, p<0.01). We propose that compromised mental tracking during walking could be related to limited neural resource capacity and could be a potentially useful outcome measure to detect ecologically valid dual tasking impairments. ..