temporal muscle


Summary: A masticatory muscle whose action is closing the jaws; its posterior portion retracts the mandible.

Top Publications

  1. Labbe D. [Lenghtening temporalis myoplasty V.2. and lip reanimation]. Ann Chir Plast Esthet. 2009;54:571-6 pubmed publisher
    The author describes a technical simplification of the lenghtening temporalis myoplasty based on the temporal muscle anatomical structure which is featherlike and after having observed the muscle lenghtening in more than 100 lengthening ..
  2. Andrade A, Gavião M, DeRossi M, Gameiro G. Electromyographic activity and thickness of masticatory muscles in children with unilateral posterior crossbite. Clin Anat. 2009;22:200-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, these findings showed that asymmetric muscle activity of the masticatory muscles was not related to the thickness of these muscles in children with PCB...
  3. Washburn S. The relation of the temporal muscle to the form of the skull. Anat Rec. 1947;99:239-48 pubmed
  4. Missori P, Polli F, Peschillo S, D Avella E, Paolini S, Miscusi M. Double dural patch in decompressive craniectomy to preserve the temporal muscle: technical note. Surg Neurol. 2008;70:437-9; discussion 439 pubmed
    In frontotemporal decompressive craniectomy and subsequent cranioplasty, temporal muscle damage is frequently observed as a result of surgical manipulation, lack of bone attachment, and prolonged muscle inactivity...
  5. Park J, Kim E, Kim G, Hur Y, Guthikonda M. External decompressive craniectomy including resection of temporal muscle and fascia in malignant hemispheric infarction. J Neurosurg. 2009;110:101-5 pubmed publisher
    Decompressive craniectomy procedures are used for malignant hemispheric infarctions. However, the temporal muscle and fascia are significant limiting factors for external herniation of an edematous brain...
  6. Van der Bilt A, Tekamp A, van der Glas H, Abbink J. Bite force and electromyograpy during maximum unilateral and bilateral clenching. Eur J Oral Sci. 2008;116:217-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Masseter and anterior temporal muscle activities were also significantly lower during unilateral clenching as compared with bilateral clenching...
  7. Palinkas M, Nassar M, Cecílio F, Siéssere S, Semprini M, Machado de Sousa J, et al. Age and gender influence on maximal bite force and masticatory muscles thickness. Arch Oral Biol. 2010;55:797-802 pubmed publisher
    ..The results of this study indicate that age and gender are associated with structural and functional alterations in the muscles of the stomatognathic system...
  8. Manfredini D, Cocilovo F, Favero L, Ferronato G, Tonello S, Guarda Nardini L. Surface electromyography of jaw muscles and kinesiographic recordings: diagnostic accuracy for myofascial pain. J Oral Rehabil. 2011;38:791-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Whether intended as a stand-alone measurement or as an adjunct to making clinical decisions, such instruments do not meet the standard of reliability and validity required for such usage...
  9. Terzis J, Karypidis D. Blink restoration in adult facial paralysis. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2010;126:126-39 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, the experience of a single surgeon (J.K.T.) with dynamic procedures addressing the challenge of blink restoration is presented...

More Information


  1. Fresno M, Miralles R, Valdivia J, Fuentes A, Valenzuela S, Ravera M, et al. Electromyographic evaluation of anterior temporal and suprahyoid muscles using habitual methods to determine clinical rest position. Cranio. 2007;25:257-63 pubmed
    ..From an EMG point of view any of these methods could be used to determine clinical rest position...
  2. Forrester S, Presswood R, Toy A, Pain M. Occlusal measurement method can affect SEMG activity during occlusion. J Oral Rehabil. 2011;38:655-60 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, occlusal indicators can change SEMG activity during occlusion which may affect the validity of the measurements they provide...
  3. Forrester S, Allen S, Presswood R, Toy A, Pain M. Neuromuscular function in healthy occlusion. J Oral Rehabil. 2010;37:663-9 pubmed publisher
  4. Suvinen T, Kemppainen P. Review of clinical EMG studies related to muscle and occlusal factors in healthy and TMD subjects. J Oral Rehabil. 2007;34:631-44 pubmed
  5. Mevio E, Rizzi L, Bernasconi G. Myositis ossificans traumatica of the temporal muscle: a case report. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2001;28:345-7 pubmed
    ..We present the case of patient with MOT of the temporal muscle, the etiology of which seems to be related to traumatic manipulations during dental treatment...
  6. Castelo P, Gaviao M, Pereira L, Bonjardim L. Masticatory muscle thickness, bite force, and occlusal contacts in young children with unilateral posterior crossbite. Eur J Orthod. 2007;29:149-56 pubmed
    ..It was concluded that functional and anatomical variables differ in the early mixed dentition in the presence of a malocclusion and early diagnosis and treatment planning should be considered...
  7. Landulpho A, E Silva W, E Silva F, Vitti M. Electromyographic evaluation of masseter and anterior temporalis muscles in patients with temporomandibular disorders following interocclusal appliance treatment. J Oral Rehabil. 2004;31:95-8 pubmed
    ..The results showed that group function disclusion caused shorter EMG activity in the mandible rest position for the anterior temporalis muscle...
  8. Liu Z, Yamagata K, Kasahara Y, Ito G. Electromyographic examination of jaw muscles in relation to symptoms and occlusion of patients with temporomandibular joint disorders. J Oral Rehabil. 1999;26:33-47 pubmed
  9. Chuang D. Technique evolution for facial paralysis reconstruction using functioning free muscle transplantation--experience of Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. Clin Plast Surg. 2002;29:449-59, v pubmed
  10. Park J, Hamm I. Cortical osteotomy technique for mobilizing the temporal muscle in pterional craniotomies. Technical note. J Neurosurg. 2005;102:174-8 pubmed
    Although many procedures have already been performed to mobilize and reconstruct the temporal muscle for pterional craniotomies, the authors described a novel cortical osteotomy technique for creating and mobilizing a cortical bone slat ..
  11. Kadri P, Al Mefty O. The anatomical basis for surgical preservation of temporal muscle. J Neurosurg. 2004;100:517-22 pubmed
    Mobilizing the temporal muscle is a common neurosurgical maneuver. Unfortunately, the cosmetic and functional complications that arise from postoperative muscular atrophy can be severe...
  12. Labbe D, Huault M. Lengthening temporalis myoplasty and lip reanimation. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2000;105:1289-97; discussion 1298 pubmed
    ..The results in 10 patients have been very encouraging. This technique was performed on ten cases of permanent facial paralysis of various etiologies, by the same surgeon, with a 4-year follow-up...
  13. Ferrario V, Sforza C. Coordinated electromyographic activity of the human masseter and temporalis anterior muscles during mastication. Eur J Oral Sci. 1996;104:511-7 pubmed
    ..In particular, it quantified the within-subject and chewing side repeatability of the muscular pattern...
  14. Ferrario V, Sforza C, Tartaglia G, Dellavia C. Immediate effect of a stabilization splint on masticatory muscle activity in temporomandibular disorder patients. J Oral Rehabil. 2002;29:810-5 pubmed
    ..005) and made it more equilibrated both between the left and right side (larger symmetry in the masseter muscle POC, P < 0.05) and between the temporal and masseter muscles (activity index, P < 0.01)...
  15. Lobbezoo F, Huddleston Slater J. Variation in masticatory muscle activity during subsequent, submaximal clenching efforts. J Oral Rehabil. 2002;29:504-9 pubmed
    ..In conclusion small, coincidental variations in mandibular positioning during subsequent clenching efforts partly explain the variance in EMG activity of jaw closing muscles, especially at lower clenching levels...
  16. Ueda H, Tabe H, Kato M, Nagaoka K, Nakashima Y, Shikata N, et al. Effects of activator on masticatory muscle activity during daytime and sleep. J Oral Rehabil. 2003;30:1030-5 pubmed
  17. de Andrade Júnior F, de Andrade F, de Araujo Filho C, Carcagnolo Filho J. Dysfunction of the temporalis muscle after pterional craniotomy for intracranial aneurysms. Comparative, prospective and randomized study of one flap versus two flaps dieresis. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 1998;56:200-5 pubmed
  18. Saka B, Stropahl G, Gundlach K. Traumatic myositis ossificans (ossifying pseudotumor) of temporal muscle. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2002;31:110-1 pubmed
    ..the clinical, radiographic, and histological aspects of a case of traumatic myositis ossificans of the temporal muscle. This is a rare, benign ossifying pseudotumor of skeletal muscles...
  19. Byrne P, Kim M, Boahene K, Millar J, Moe K. Temporalis tendon transfer as part of a comprehensive approach to facial reanimation. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2007;9:234-41 pubmed
    ..To report an approach to facial paralysis in patients for whom dynamic adjacent muscle transfer is determined to be the best treatment option...
  20. Cha B, Kim C, Baek S. Skeletal sagittal and vertical facial types and electromyographic activity of the masticatory muscle. Angle Orthod. 2007;77:463-70 pubmed
    ..To investigate the electromyographic activities of the anterior temporal (T) and masseter (M) muscles in different facial skeletal types...
  21. Scopel V, Alves da Costa G, Urias D. An electromyographic study of masseter and anterior temporalis muscles in extra-articular myogenous TMJ pain patients compared to an asymptomatic and normal population. Cranio. 2005;23:194-203 pubmed
    ..0001). Treatment with the CRSA reduced the activity index, although the prevalence of the temporal muscle over the masseter was maintained...
  22. Bansal V, Kumar S, Mowar A, Yadav A, Khare G. The post-auricular approach for gap arthroplasty - a clinical investigation. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2012;40:500-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Whereas preauricular approach is less time consuming, incidence of facial nerve damage is higher, exposure of structures anterior to joint is good and intraoperative incidences of haemorrhage is less. ..
  23. Park M, Cho S, Yun K, Park J. Change in bite force and electromyographic activity of masticatory muscle in accordance with change of occlusal plane. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2012;70:1960-7 pubmed publisher
    ..However, normalization of the occlusal plane might not play a major role in masticatory function. ..
  24. Solis E, Afzal A, Kiyatkin E. Changes in brain oxygen and glucose induced by oxycodone: Relationships with brain temperature and peripheral vascular tone. Neuropharmacology. 2018;133:481-490 pubmed publisher
    ..These measurements were supplemented by recordings of locomotor activity and temperature in the NAc, temporal muscle, and skin. At low doses, which are known to maintain self-administration behavior (0.15-0...
  25. Taylor A, Vinyard C. Jaw-muscle fiber architecture in tufted capuchins favors generating relatively large muscle forces without compromising jaw gape. J Hum Evol. 2009;57:710-20 pubmed publisher
    ..apella as an extant behavioral model for hominins that might have specialized on small objects in their diets. ..
  26. Nakajima K, Yamaguchi T, Maki K. Surgical orthodontic treatment for a patient with advanced periodontal disease: evaluation with electromyography and 3-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2009;136:450-9 pubmed publisher
  27. Gotouda A, Yamaguchi T, Okada K, Matsuki T, Gotouda S, Inoue N. Influence of playing wind instruments on activity of masticatory muscles. J Oral Rehabil. 2007;34:645-51 pubmed
  28. Zhang Y, Jin R, Shi Y, Sun B, Zhang Y, Qian Y. Pedicled superficial temporal fascia sandwich flap for reconstruction of severe facial depression. J Craniofac Surg. 2009;20:505-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on the results of our patients in this series, the surgical results were favorable, and it is a simple procedure and yields effective, safe, and satisfactory results. ..
  29. Yamaguchi S, Okada C, Watanabe Y, Watanabe M, Hattori Y. Analysis of masticatory muscle coordination during unilateral single-tooth clenching using muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging. J Oral Rehabil. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..The results of this study suggest that the ipsilateral SHLP may contribute to the pulling of the mandibular condyle forward against the occlusal force generated by the ipsilateral temporal muscle.
  30. Qassemyar A, Aljudaibi N, Wavreille O, Mortier L, Martinot Duquennoy V, Guerreschi P. Orbital exenteration and periorbital skin cancers. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2014;72:811-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Orbital exenteration is a disfiguring surgical procedure that requires thoughtful reconstruction...
  31. Ranganathan K, Terjimanian M, Lisiecki J, Rinkinen J, Mukkamala A, Brownley C, et al. Temporalis muscle morphomics: the psoas of the craniofacial skeleton. J Surg Res. 2014;186:246-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Going forward, we aim to assess the utility of temporalis and psoas morphomics in predicting complication rates among trauma patients admitted to the hospital to predict outcomes in the future. ..
  32. Yu F. A novel technique for reconstruction of the posterior wall of the external auditory canal and tympanum using pedicled temporalis myofascia. Acta Otolaryngol. 2013;133:699-707 pubmed publisher
    ..74% and the 2-year healing rate of tympanic membrane perforation was 95.65%. The 46 ears included in the 2-year follow-up showed significant improvement between preoperative and postoperative AC and ABG values. ..
  33. Santana S, Grosse I, Dumont E. Dietary hardness, loading behavior, and the evolution of skull form in bats. Evolution. 2012;66:2587-98 pubmed publisher
    ..These trends in cranial morphology and biomechanics provide insights into behavioral and ecological factors shaping the skull of a trophically diverse clade of mammals...
  34. Tsai C, Lin Y, Su B, Yang L, Chiu W. Masseter muscle fibre changes following reduction of masticatory function. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2012;41:394-9 pubmed publisher
    ..There was a small percentage of type IIa fibres in group III. Reduction in muscle fibre size and transition of muscle fibre subtypes from type IIa to IIx or IIb fibres may occur due to reduced masticatory function. ..
  35. Chebotarev S, Petrishin V. [Topographic-anatomical aspects of nerve-saving operations in the temporal area and in the lateral part of a face]. Morfologiia. 2007;131:26-9 pubmed
    ..orbicularis oculi, while its safety zone was equal to 1.5 cm and it was located to the front of tragus auris. ..
  36. Vordenbäumen S, Groiss S, Dihné M. Isolated unilateral temporal muscle hypertrophy: a rare cause of hemicranial headache. Headache. 2009;49:779-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Symptomatic relief was achieved by administration of acetaminophen. A review of the literature is presented and additional treatment options are discussed. ..
  37. Das P, Kumar J, Karthikeyan G, Rao P. Efficacy of temporalis muscle transfer for correction of lagophthalmos in leprosy. Lepr Rev. 2011;82:279-85 pubmed
    ..8 (1.2) postoperatively. Exposure keratitis cleared in 16 of 27 eyes (60%) and Epiphora cleared or improved in 31 eyes. It is concluded that the TMT is a successful option (cosmetically and functionally) for correction of lagophthalmos. ..
  38. Okano N, Baba K, Igarashi Y. Influence of altered occlusal guidance on masticatory muscle activity during clenching. J Oral Rehabil. 2007;34:679-84 pubmed
    ..The increased teeth contacts to the posterior region altered the unilateral pattern of the anterior temporalis activity to the bilateral pattern, while that of masseter activity remained unchanged. ..
  39. Michaelidis I, Hatzistefanou I. Functional and aesthetic reconstruction of extensive oral ablative defects using temporalis muscle flap: a case report and a sort review. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2011;39:200-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The TMF is a reliable, technically easy and anatomically sound technique, which combines excellent aesthetic and functional results with minimal complications, if performed correctly. ..
  40. Amorim C, Vasconcelos Paes F, de Faria Junior N, de Oliveira L, Politti F. Electromyographic analysis of masseter and anterior temporalis muscle in sleep bruxers after occlusal splint wearing. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2012;16:199-203 pubmed publisher
    ..05. The results of the study supports the premise that the use of occlusal splint reduces EMG activity in the masseter and anterior temporalis muscles, in patients who presented with sleep bruxism related to occupational stress. ..
  41. Grossi D, Chaves T, Gonçalves M, Moreira V, Canonica A, Florencio L, et al. Pressure pain threshold in the craniocervical muscles of women with episodic and chronic migraine: a controlled study. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2011;69:607-12 pubmed
    ..PPT is decreased in women with migraine relative to controls. Future studies should explore this parameter as a biological marker of the disease and a predictor of treatment. ..
  42. Kang J, Ryu J, Choi J, Merrill R, Kim S. Application of ICHD-II criteria for headaches in a TMJ and orofacial pain clinic. Cephalalgia. 2010;30:37-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Of the headache patients, 81.1% presented with masseter muscle pain and 47.8% with temporal muscle pain. This finding suggests that pericranial muscle pain may be an inducing factor of primary headache.
  43. Pinto F, de Magalhães R, Capelli F, Brandão L, Kanda J. Pedicled temporoparietal galeal flap for reconstruction of intraoral defects. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2008;117:581-6 pubmed
  44. Gutiérrez M, Miralles R, Fuentes A, Cavada G, Valenzuela S, Santander H, et al. The effect of tooth clenching and grinding on anterior temporalis electromyographic activity in healthy subjects. Cranio. 2010;28:43-9 pubmed
    ..These results could explain muscular symptoms in the anterior temporalis muscles if the subject is experiencing parafunctional habits either while awake and/or sleep that exceed the individual's adaptation capability. ..
  45. Lasisi O, Olatoke F, Sandabe M, Kondiya S. Open mastoidectomy and temporalis flap in the control of chronic otorrhoea. Cent Afr J Med. 2009;55:63-6 pubmed
    ..The operative technique is further discussed. It is our hope that repopularising this procedure will help in the control of highly prevalent chronic ear in the tropical environment. ..
  46. Tsai C, Shyr Y, Chiu W, Lee C. Bone changes in the mandible following botulinum neurotoxin injections. Eur J Orthod. 2011;33:132-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The volumes of the temporalis and masseter muscles injected with BoTx/A were smaller. Masticatory hypofunction affects bone structure during development. ..
  47. Toniolo L, Cancellara P, Maccatrozzo L, Patruno M, Mascarello F, Reggiani C. Masticatory myosin unveiled: first determination of contractile parameters of muscle fibers from carnivore jaw muscles. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2008;295:C1535-42 pubmed publisher
    ..The specific mechanical characteristics of M fibers might be attributed to a diversity in cross-bridge kinetics. ..
  48. Michaelidou M, Tzou C, Gerber H, Stussi E, Mittlböck M, Frey M. The combination of muscle transpositions and static procedures for reconstruction in the paralyzed face of the patient with limited life expectancy or who is not a candidate for free muscle transfer. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009;123:121-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Muscle transposition improves static symmetry and provides dynamic activity to a certain degree. It is therefore a valuable concept for patients with limited life expectancy. ..
  49. Kerstein R. Reducing chronic masseter and temporalis muscular hyperactivity with computer-guided occlusal adjustments. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2010;31:530-4, 536, 538 passim pubmed
    ..This result is caused by the shorten ed posterior disclusio time resulting in an equally reduced time to muscle shutdown. ..
  50. Tecco S, Tete S, d Attilio M, Festa F. Relationship between facial morphology on lateral skull radiographs and sEMG activity of neck and trunk muscles in Caucasian adult females. A cross-sectional study. Prog Orthod. 2010;11:27-36 pubmed publisher
    ..Future longitudinal studies are required to investigate the "mechanism at work". ..
  51. Castro Govea Y, Garza Pineda O, Salazar Lozano A. Mini-temporal and perilobular approach to facelift: mini-TAPA-facelift. Facial Plast Surg. 2013;29:244-52 pubmed publisher
    ..It also restores the lower midface and the mandibular contour, thus eliminating undesirable jowls. The procedure clearly defines the face from the neck, providing a high level of satisfaction among patients. ..
  52. Fueki K, Yoshida E, Sugiura T, Igarashi Y. Comparison of electromyographic activity of jaw-closing muscles between mixing ability test and masticatory performance test. J Prosthodont Res. 2009;53:72-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare the muscle activity of jaw-closing muscles during chewing of a wax cube used for mixing ability test with that of peanuts used for masticatory performance test...
  53. Zhao L, Shang H, Chen X, Liu Y. Biomechanical analysis of a curvilinear distractor device for correcting mandibular symphyseal defects. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2014;72:1158-67 pubmed publisher
    ..The local mechanical environment is a determinant of successful transport disc distraction osteogenesis. This study assessed the biomechanics of a curvilinear distractor device for correcting mandibular symphyseal defects...
  54. Sethi P, Sethi N, Torgovnick J, Arsura E. Cysticercosis of temporalis muscle: an unusual cause of temporal headaches. A case report. J Headache Pain. 2007;8:315-6 pubmed
    ..We present a case of a 43-year-old woman who complained of subacute onset of left temporal pain and headache. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed characteristic imaging findings suggestive of cysticercosis of the temporalis muscle...
  55. Sánchez G, Casadoumecq A, Alonso G, Takara D. Inhibitory effect of lidocaine on the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-dependent atpase from temporalis muscle. Acta Odontol Latinoam. 2010;23:92-8 pubmed
  56. Fu M, Daly J, Cavusoglu M. A detection scheme for frontalis and temporalis muscle EMG contamination of EEG data. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2006;1:4514-8 pubmed
    ..In this paper, we propose and evaluate a new method for detecting frontalis and temporalis muscle EMG contamination in EEG signals based on recent findings on topographic and spectral characteristics of cranial EMG...
  57. Goiato M, Garcia A, dos Santos D. Electromyographic evaluation of masseter and anterior temporalis muscles in resting position and during maximum tooth clenching of edentulous patients before and after new complete dentures. Acta Odontol Latinoam. 2007;20:67-72 pubmed
    ..Electrical activity during tooth clenching exhibited a statistically significant reduction only in the right temporal muscle. A period longer than five months of wearing the new complete dentures is required for adaptation and the ..
  58. Park I, McCall W, Chung J. Electromyographic power spectrum of jaw muscles during clenching in unilateral temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis patients. J Oral Rehabil. 2012;39:659-67 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggested that masticatory muscles of patients with unilateral TMJ osteoarthritis are more easily fatigued during sustained clenching than normal subjects...
  59. Grigoriadis A, Johansson R, Trulsson M. Adaptability of mastication in people with implant-supported bridges. J Clin Periodontol. 2011;38:395-404 pubmed publisher
    ..We aimed to determine whether people with implant-supported bridges in both jaws, thus lacking periodontal receptors, adjust jaw muscle activity to food hardness during mastication...
  60. Schuller Götzburg P, Pleschberger M, Rammerstorfer F, Krenkel C. 3D-FEM and histomorphology of mandibular reconstruction with the titanium functionally dynamic bridging plate. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2009;38:1298-305 pubmed publisher
    ..Histomorphological investigations, 12 weeks and 7 years after reconstruction, show partial osseous integration or transformation of autologous iliac crest transplants...
  61. Tsuchiya A, Miura H, Okada D, Kato H, Tokuda A, Hoshino K. Comparison of the main occluding area between adults and adolescents. J Med Dent Sci. 2008;55:81-90 pubmed
    ..The occlusal contact area had great influence on the stability of the main occluding area. However, besides occlusal contact area, there might be other factors which stabilized the main occluding area...
  62. Ciavarella D, Monsurrò A, Padricelli G, Battista G, Laino L, Perillo L. Unilateral posterior crossbite in adolescents: surface electromyographic evaluation. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2012;13:25-8 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the electromyographic outcomes of patients with UPCB and those of healthy controls...
  63. Wagoner T, Luck P, Foegeding E. Caramel as a Model System for Evaluating the Roles of Mechanical Properties and Oral Processing on Sensory Perception of Texture. J Food Sci. 2016;81:S736-44 pubmed publisher
    ..The combination of material properties and oral processing parameters were able to explain all sensory texture differences in a highly adhesive food. ..
  64. Abe S, Yamaguchi T, Rompre P, de Grandmont P, Chen Y, Lavigne G. Tooth wear in young subjects: a discriminator between sleep bruxers and controls?. Int J Prosthodont. 2009;22:342-50 pubmed
    ..This study investigated whether the presence of tooth wear in young adults can help to discriminate patients with sleep bruxism (SB) from control subjects...
  65. Fernández Lao C, Cantarero Villanueva I, Díaz Rodríguez L, Fernandez de Las Penas C, Sánchez Salado C, Arroyo Morales M. The influence of patient attitude toward massage on pressure pain sensitivity and immune system after application of myofascial release in breast cancer survivors: a randomized, controlled crossover study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2012;35:94-100 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of patient's attitudes toward massage on pressure pain sensitivity and the immune effects of myofascial release in breast cancer survivors (BCS)...
  66. Hecht N, Peña Tapia P, Vinci M, von Degenfeld G, Woitzik J, Vajkoczy P. Myoblast-mediated gene therapy via encephalomyosynangiosis--a novel strategy for local delivery of gene products to the brain surface. J Neurosci Methods. 2011;201:61-6 pubmed publisher
    An encephalomyosynangiosis (EMS) is a temporal muscle graft that is placed onto the surface of the brain to serve as a source for collateral vessel growth for brain revascularization in patients with Moyamoya Disease (MMD)...
  67. Lasisi O, Lawal H. Deep temporalis fascia in tympanomastoid reconstruction. Afr J Med Med Sci. 2007;36:183-7 pubmed
    ..We recommend that mastoid reconstruction with the temporalis fascia becomes a routine in mastoidectomy so as to achieve control of chronic discharging ear, particularly in the sub-Saharan Africa where this is still predominant...
  68. Fernandez de Las Penas C, Fernández Mayoralas D, Ortega Santiago R, Ambite Quesada S, Gil Crujera A, Fernández Jaén A. Bilateral, wide-spread, mechanical pain sensitivity in children with frequent episodic tension-type headache suggesting impairment in central nociceptive processing. Cephalalgia. 2010;30:1049-55 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim was to investigate bilateral, wide-spread pressure pain hyperalgesia in symptomatic (trigeminocervical) and non-symptomatic (pain-free distant) regions in children with frequent episodic tension-type headache (FETTH)...
  69. O Brien J, Ashton M. Relationship of the temporofrontal rami of the facial nerve to the fascial layers of the temporal region. Ann Plast Surg. 2012;68:547-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Historically, dissection of the temporoparietal fascia immediately above the zygomatic arch has been avoided due to the risk of transection of the temporofrontal rami of the facial nerve...
  70. Young A, Khan J, Thomas D, Quek S. Use of masseteric and deep temporal nerve blocks for reduction of mandibular dislocation. Anesth Prog. 2009;56:9-13 pubmed publisher
    ..A technique involving a masseteric nerve block and a temporal nerve block was used, allowing a quick, safe, and minimally painful reduction. The method used for delivering these nerve blocks is described here...
  71. Seckin H, Patel N, Avci E, Dempsey R, Baskaya M. Removal of cavernous malformation of the Meckel's cave by extradural pterional approach using Heros muscle dissection technique. Surg Neurol. 2009;72:733-6; discussion 736 pubmed publisher
    ..Cadaveric dissections were performed to demonstrate the wider exposure gained by this approach...
  72. Pröschel P, Jamal T, Morneburg T. Motor control of jaw muscles in chewing and in isometric biting with graded narrowing of jaw gape. J Oral Rehabil. 2008;35:722-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This suggests that characteristic activity combinations in chewing are mainly a result of the approximately isometric contraction during the slow closing phase of the chewing cycle...
  73. Cox P, Jeffery N. Reviewing the morphology of the jaw-closing musculature in squirrels, rats, and guinea pigs with contrast-enhanced microCT. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2011;294:915-28 pubmed publisher
    ..The pterygoid muscles were broadly similar in all three specimens, although the internal pterygoid was somewhat enlarged in the guinea pig implying greater lateral movement of the mandible during chewing in this species...
  74. Smith J, Ducic Y, Adelson R. Temporalis muscle flap for reconstruction of skull base defects. Head Neck. 2010;32:199-203 pubmed publisher
    ..The temporalis muscle flap (TMF) is a valuable reconstructive technique utilized in a variety of challenging defects. However, its use for repair of skull base defects is less commonly reported...
  75. Goiato M, Garcia A, dos Santos D. Electromyographic activity of the mandible muscles at the beginning and end of masticatory cycles in patients with complete dentures. Gerontology. 2008;54:138-43 pubmed publisher
    ..After wearing the new dentures for 5 months, the right anterior temporal muscle showed a statistical difference before and after denture rehabilitation at the beginning and end of ..
  76. Toyosato A, Begum M, Sugiyama K, Someya G. Modulation of exteroceptive suppression periods in human jaw-closing muscles by subanaesthetic dose of propofol. J Oral Rehabil. 2011;38:79-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Our observations indicate that propofol is uniquely effective not only through involvement of the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor, but also through a range of other effects...
  77. Jung W, Youn K, Won S, Park J, Hu K, Kim H. Clinical implications of the middle temporal vein with regard to temporal fossa augmentation. Dermatol Surg. 2014;40:618-23 pubmed publisher
    ..During filler injection into a deficient temporal fossa, filling agents may be inadvertently injected into the MTV, which results in vascular complications...
  78. Morrison C, Zins J. An alternative approach to brow lift fixation: temporoparietal fascia, galeal, and periosteal imbrication. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2007;120:1433-4; author reply 1434-5 pubmed
  79. Wieczorek A, Loster J, Loster B. Relationship between occlusal force distribution and the activity of masseter and anterior temporalis muscles in asymptomatic young adults. Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:354017 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the symmetry of surface EMG (sEMG) activity in asymptomatic young adults is related to symmetry of occlusal contacts...
  80. Kumar V. Large osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle treated by condylectomy using a transzygomatic approach. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;39:188-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Owing to the large size of the lesion, surgical condylectomy was performed using a transzygomatic approach...
  81. Sánchez G, Di Croce D, Casadoumecq A, Richard S, Takara D. Characterization of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca-ATPase from rabbit temporalis muscle. Arch Oral Biol. 2012;57:1429-37 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this work was to isolate the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca-ATPase from rabbit temporalis muscle and to determine the optimal conditions for calcium transport and enzymatic activity...
  82. Lenguas L, Alarcon J, Venancio F, Kassem M, Martin C. Surface electromyographic evaluation of jaw muscles in children with unilateral crossbite and lateral shift in the early mixed dentition. Sexual dimorphism. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2012;17:e1096-102 pubmed
    ..To examine the activity of jaw muscles at rest and during maximal voluntary clenching (MVC) in children with unilateral posterior crossbite (UPXB) and functional lateral shift in the early mixed dentition and to evaluate sex differences...
  83. Pasupathy S, Yuvaraj V. Peculiar presentation of bilateral temporalis muscle hypertrophy--report of a case and review of literature. Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;14:183-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Very few bilateral cases are reported in literature. We are reporting a case with bilateral temporalis muscle hypertrophy with peculiar symptoms which is not reported so far in literature...