facial muscles

Summary

Summary: Muscles of facial expression or mimetic muscles that include the numerous muscles supplied by the facial nerve that are attached to and move the skin of the face. (From Stedman, 25th ed)

Top Publications

  1. Bhiromekraibhak K. Blepharoptosis repaired by frontalis-orbicularis oculi flap: a new technique. J Med Assoc Thai. 2010;93 Suppl 2:S15-20 pubmed
    ..Recently the orbicularis oculi flap has become popular but lagopthalmos is still a bothersome problem. A new technique has been introduced in order to reduce the lagopthalmos...
  2. Arajy Z. Open loop fascial sling for severe congenital blepharoptosis. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2012;40:129-33 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe a simple open loop fascia lata suspension sling to the frontalis muscle to treat patients with severe eyelid ptosis and poor levator function...
  3. Balconi M, Bortolotti A, Gonzaga L. Emotional face recognition, EMG response, and medial prefrontal activity in empathic behaviour. Neurosci Res. 2011;71:251-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These results revealed a significant effect of the MPFC on both cue detection and facial mimicry that was distinctly related to different types of emotions...
  4. Kurita A, Matsunobu T, Satoh Y, Ando T, Sato S, Obara M, et al. Targeted gene transfer into rat facial muscles by nanosecond pulsed laser-induced stress waves. J Biomed Opt. 2011;16:098002 pubmed publisher
    ..the feasibility of using nanosecond pulsed laser-induced stress waves (LISWs) for gene transfer into rat facial muscles. LISWs are generated by irradiating a black natural rubber disk placed on the target tissue with nanosecond ..
  5. Kim C, Kong D, Lee J, Kwan Park -. The potential value of the disappearance of the lateral spread response during microvascular decompression for predicting the clinical outcome of hemifacial spasms: a prospective study. Neurosurgery. 2010;67:1581-7; discussion 1587-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a benign, chronic, involuntary movement of the muscles involved in facial expressions that typically begins in the orbicularis oculi and spreads to the other expression muscles over several years...
  6. Grezes J, Philip L, Chadwick M, Dezecache G, Soussignan R, Conty L. Self-relevance appraisal influences facial reactions to emotional body expressions. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e55885 pubmed publisher
    ..These data support the hypothesis that rapid facial reactions are the outcome of self-relevant emotional processing...
  7. Ying T, Li S, Zhong J, Li X, Wang X, Zhu J. The value of abnormal muscle response monitoring during microvascular decompression surgery for hemifacial spasm. Int J Surg. 2011;9:347-51 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of AMR monitoring during microvascular decompression surgery (MVD), and the correlation between the AMR changes and the clinical outcomes...
  8. Soussignan R, Chadwick M, Philip L, Conty L, Dezecache G, Grezes J. Self-relevance appraisal of gaze direction and dynamic facial expressions: effects on facial electromyographic and autonomic reactions. Emotion. 2013;13:330-7 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest the critical role of self-relevance appraisal of senders' contextual perceptual cues and individual characteristics to account for interpersonal matching of facial displays...
  9. Li J, Zhang Y, Zhu H, Li Y. Prognostic value of intra-operative abnormal muscle response monitoring during microvascular decompression for long-term outcome of hemifacial spasm. J Clin Neurosci. 2012;19:44-8 pubmed publisher
    ..791). Therefore, we suggest that intra-operative AMR monitoring may not be a reliable indicator of long-term post-operative outcome for HFS...

More Information

Publications68

  1. Larsen J, Norris C, Cacioppo J. Effects of positive and negative affect on electromyographic activity over zygomaticus major and corrugator supercilii. Psychophysiology. 2003;40:776-85 pubmed
    ..In addition, positive and negative affect ratings indicated that positive and negative affect have reciprocal effects on activity over corrugator supercilii, but not zygomaticus major...
  2. Curra A, Pierelli F, Coppola G, Barbanti P, Buzzi M, Galeotti F, et al. Shortened cortical silent period in facial muscles of patients with migraine. Pain. 2007;132:124-31 pubmed
    ..is to deliver transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and test the cortical silent period (SP) recorded in facial muscles. The facial-muscle SP is a purely cortical phenomenon that reflects the excitability of inhibitory ..
  3. de Wied M, van Boxtel A, Zaalberg R, Goudena P, Matthys W. Facial EMG responses to dynamic emotional facial expressions in boys with disruptive behavior disorders. J Psychiatr Res. 2006;40:112-21 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, facial mimicry responses to angry facial expressions were subnormal in DBD boys, which may be a sign of a deficient early component in the process of emotional empathy, and thus play a role in impaired empathic responding...
  4. Burrows A, Waller B, Parr L. Facial musculature in the rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta): evolutionary and functional contexts with comparisons to chimpanzees and humans. J Anat. 2009;215:320-34 pubmed publisher
    ..The results showed that there was a greater number of facial muscles in rhesus macaques than previously described (24 muscles), including variably present (and previously ..
  5. Soussignan R, Ehrle N, Henry A, Schaal B, Bakchine S. Dissociation of emotional processes in response to visual and olfactory stimuli following frontotemporal damage. Neurocase. 2005;11:114-28 pubmed
    ..Taken together, the data suggest a functional dissociation between brain substrates supporting generation of emotion and those supporting representation of emotion...
  6. Gomes C, Trezza E, Murade E, Padovani C. Surface electromyography of facial muscles during natural and artificial feeding of infants. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2006;82:103-9 pubmed
    ..To measure and compare the activity of the masseter, temporalis and buccinator muscles in different infant feeding methods...
  7. Assunção A, Ferreira L, Mondelli R. Bilateral cleft lip and whistling deformity: the X flap procedure for its correction. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006;117:1986-91 pubmed
  8. Schmidt Hansen P, Svensson P, Jensen T, Graven Nielsen T, Bach F. Patterns of experimentally induced pain in pericranial muscles. Cephalalgia. 2006;26:568-77 pubmed
    ..005). In conclusion, there appear to be characteristic pain patterns and pain sensitivity in different craniofacial muscles in healthy volunteers, which may be of importance for further research on different craniofacial pain conditions...
  9. Sato W, Fujimura T, Suzuki N. Enhanced facial EMG activity in response to dynamic facial expressions. Int J Psychophysiol. 2008;70:70-4 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate that dynamic facial expressions induce facial EMG activity interpretable as facial mimicry more evidently than static expressions...
  10. Dresel C, Haslinger B, Castrop F, Wohlschlaeger A, Ceballos Baumann A. Silent event-related fMRI reveals deficient motor and enhanced somatosensory activation in orofacial dystonia. Brain. 2006;129:36-46 pubmed
  11. Kong D, Park K, Shin B, Lee J, Eum D. Prognostic value of the lateral spread response for intraoperative electromyography monitoring of the facial musculature during microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm. J Neurosurg. 2007;106:384-7 pubmed
  12. Guntinas Lichius O, Hundeshagen G, Paling T, Streppel M, Grosheva M, Irintchev A, et al. Manual stimulation of facial muscles improves functional recovery after hypoglossal-facial anastomosis and interpositional nerve grafting of the facial nerve in adult rats. Neurobiol Dis. 2007;28:101-12 pubmed
    ..paradigm in rats, a novel strategy to improve the outcome of FFA by daily manual stimulation (MS) of facial muscles. This treatment results in full recovery of facial movements (whisking) and is achieved by reducing the ..
  13. Huang H, Hu S. Sex differences found in facial EMG activity provoked by viewing pleasant and unpleasant photographs. Percept Mot Skills. 2009;109:371-81 pubmed
    ..These results demonstrate the sex effects on emotion expression and associated EMG responses while viewing emotion provoking photographs...
  14. Macchi V, Tiengo C, Porzionato A, Stecco C, Vigato E, Parenti A, et al. Histotopographic study of the fibroadipose connective cheek system. Cells Tissues Organs. 2010;191:47-56 pubmed publisher
    ..Changes in the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the fibroadipose connective system, reducing its viscoelastic properties, may contribute to ptosis of facial soft tissues during aging...
  15. Harper C, McLellan W, Rommel S, Gay D, Dillaman R, Pabst D. Morphology of the melon and its tendinous connections to the facial muscles in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). J Morphol. 2008;269:820-39 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the melon is also acted upon by complex facial muscles derived from the m. maxillonasolabialis...
  16. Ramirez O, Pena G. Frontalis muscle advancement: a dynamic structure for the treatment of severe congenital eyelid ptosis. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2004;113:1841-9; discussion 1850-1 pubmed
    ..Symmetry is created by intervention on the contralateral eyelid to provide symmetrical supratarsal creases...
  17. Ben Simon G, Blaydon S, Schwarcz R, Nakra T, Goldberg R, McCann J. Paradoxical use of frontalis muscle and the possible role of botulinum a toxin in permanent motor relearning. Ophthalmology. 2005;112:918-22 pubmed
    ..Successful treatment with botulinum A toxin facilitated motor relearning and cessation of muscle contraction...
  18. Burrows A, Waller B, Parr L, Bonar C. Muscles of facial expression in the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes): descriptive, comparative and phylogenetic contexts. J Anat. 2006;208:153-67 pubmed
    ..Here we present a detailed description of the facial muscles of the chimpanzee, framed in comparative and phylogenetic contexts, through the dissection of preserved faces ..
  19. Huang C, Chen C, Chung H. Application of facial electromyography in computer mouse access for people with disabilities. Disabil Rehabil. 2006;28:231-7 pubmed
    ..This study develops a newly facial EMG human-computer interface for people with disabilities for controllng the movement of the cursor on a computer screen...
  20. Bhidayasiri R, Cardoso F, Truong D. Botulinum toxin in blepharospasm and oromandibular dystonia: comparing different botulinum toxin preparations. Eur J Neurol. 2006;13 Suppl 1:21-9 pubmed
    ..This article summarizes injection techniques in both forms of dystonia and compares doses, potency and efficacy of different commercially available toxins, including Botox, Dysport, Xeomin and Myobloc/NeuroBloc...
  21. Saban Y, Andretto Amodeo C, Hammou J, Polselli R. An anatomical study of the nasal superficial musculoaponeurotic system: surgical applications in rhinoplasty. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2008;10:109-15 pubmed publisher
    ..To give a unifying description of nasal muscles and ligaments corresponding to anatomical and surgical findings such as the dermocartilaginous ligament described by Pintanguy in 2001...
  22. Weyers P, Mühlberger A, Hefele C, Pauli P. Electromyographic responses to static and dynamic avatar emotional facial expressions. Psychophysiology. 2006;43:450-3 pubmed
    ..We conclude that facial reactions to angry and to happy facial expressions hold different functions in social interactions. Further research should vary dynamics in different ways and also include additional emotional expressions...
  23. Yamashita S, Kawaguchi T, Fukuda M, Watanabe M, Tanaka R, Kameyama S. Abnormal muscle response monitoring during microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2005;147:933-7; discussion 937-8 pubmed
    ..However, there is some debate over the reliability of AMR as an indicator of postoperative outcome. We investigated whether AMR findings obtained during MVD reflect postoperative outcome in patients with HFS...
  24. Diogo R, Wood B, Aziz M, Burrows A. On the origin, homologies and evolution of primate facial muscles, with a particular focus on hominoids and a suggested unifying nomenclature for the facial muscles of the Mammalia. J Anat. 2009;215:300-19 pubmed publisher
    The mammalian facial muscles are a subgroup of hyoid muscles (i.e. muscles innervated by cranial nerve VII). They are usually attached to freely movable skin and are responsible for facial expressions...
  25. Joo W, Lee K, Park H, Chough C, Rha H. Prognostic value of intra-operative lateral spread response monitoring during microvascular decompression in patients with hemifacial spasm. J Clin Neurosci. 2008;15:1335-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The clinical outcome of HFS after MVD does not always correlate with intra-operative EMG abnormality. Therefore, the prognostic value of intra-operative LSR monitoring with respect to long-term results is questionable...
  26. Fujimura T, Sato W, Suzuki N. Facial expression arousal level modulates facial mimicry. Int J Psychophysiol. 2010;76:88-92 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that the arousal levels of pleasant, but not unpleasant, facial expressions can enhance facial mimicry...
  27. N Diaye K, Sander D, Vuilleumier P. Self-relevance processing in the human amygdala: gaze direction, facial expression, and emotion intensity. Emotion. 2009;9:798-806 pubmed publisher
    ..These results support an involvement of human amygdala in the appraisal of self-relevance and reveal a crucial role of expression intensity in emotion and gaze interactions...
  28. Wiest L. An overview of the cosmetic treatment of facial muscles with a new botulinum toxin. Acta Dermatovenerol Croat. 2009;17:48-53 pubmed
    ..In this paper the three-year clinical experience with average dosages for an optimal outcome in the treatment of facial muscles with a newly developed botulinum toxin type A (Xeomin) free from complexing proteins is presented.
  29. Moody E, McIntosh D, Mann L, Weisser K. More than mere mimicry? The influence of emotion on rapid facial reactions to faces. Emotion. 2007;7:447-57 pubmed
    ..RFRs are not purely motor mimicry; emotion influences early facial responses to faces. The relevance of these data to emotional contagion, autism, and the mirror system-based perspectives on imitation is discussed...
  30. Bourgeois P, Hess U. The impact of social context on mimicry. Biol Psychol. 2008;77:343-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Although participants mimicked happiness displays regardless of the expresser's group membership, negative emotions were either not mimicked or only when shown by an ingroup member...
  31. Achaibou A, Pourtois G, Schwartz S, Vuilleumier P. Simultaneous recording of EEG and facial muscle reactions during spontaneous emotional mimicry. Neuropsychologia. 2008;46:1104-13 pubmed
    ..These findings are discussed against the classical dual-route model of face recognition...
  32. Farrugia M, Bydder G, Francis J, Robson M. Magnetic resonance imaging of facial muscles. Clin Radiol. 2007;62:1078-86 pubmed
    ..ultrashort echo time techniques and image analysis tools that allowed us to obtain quantitative assessments of facial muscles. This imaging study had shown that facial muscle measurement is possible and that useful information can be ..
  33. Kent R. The uniqueness of speech among motor systems. Clin Linguist Phon. 2004;18:495-505 pubmed
    ..The craniofacial and laryngeal muscles are unique among the muscle systems of the human body and the specialized properties of these muscles are relevant to understanding the biomechanics of speech and various speech disorders...
  34. Ghassemi A, Prescher A, Riediger D, Axer H. Anatomy of the SMAS revisited. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2003;27:258-64 pubmed
    ..The SMAS is one continuous, organized fibrous network connecting the facial muscles with the dermis. It consists of a three-dimensional scaffold of collagen fibers, elastic fibers, and fat cells...
  35. Rymarczyk K, Biele C, Grabowska A, Majczynski H. EMG activity in response to static and dynamic facial expressions. Int J Psychophysiol. 2011;79:330-3 pubmed publisher
    ..It may be concluded that the dynamic property facilitates processing of facial expressions of emotions...
  36. Gassia V, Beylot C, Béchaux S, Michaud T. [Botulinum toxin injection techniques in the lower third and middle of the face, the neck and the décolleté: the "Nefertiti lift"]. Ann Dermatol Venereol. 2009;136 Suppl 4:S111-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The face contours can also be improved by the Nefertiti lift. In the mid and lower regions of the face, botulinum toxin is often a complement to other esthetic techniques, particularly filling procedures...
  37. Magnée M, Stekelenburg J, Kemner C, de Gelder B. Similar facial electromyographic responses to faces, voices, and body expressions. Neuroreport. 2007;18:369-72 pubmed
    ..We suggest that seeing a facial expression, an emotional body expression or hearing an emotional tone of voice all activate the affect program corresponding to the emotion displayed...
  38. Farrugia M, Kennett R, Newsom Davis J, Hilton Jones D, Vincent A. Single-fiber electromyography in limb and facial muscles in muscle-specific kinase antibody and acetylcholine receptor antibody myasthenia gravis. Muscle Nerve. 2006;33:568-70 pubmed
    ..These findings demonstrate clear differences between the neurophysiology of MuSK-MG and AChR-MG...
  39. Ruan W, Chen M, Gu Z, Lu Y, Su J, Guo Q. Muscular forces exerted on the normal deciduous dentition. Angle Orthod. 2005;75:785-90 pubmed
  40. Haslinger B, Altenmuller E, Castrop F, Zimmer C, Dresel C. Sensorimotor overactivity as a pathophysiologic trait of embouchure dystonia. Neurology. 2010;74:1790-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Although it is highly disabling for affected patients, little is known about the pathophysiologic basis of this rare movement disorder...
  41. Neves D, Lefaucheur J, de Andrade D, Hattou M, Ahdab R, Ayache S, et al. A reappraisal of the value of lateral spread response monitoring in the treatment of hemifacial spasm by microvascular decompression. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2009;80:1375-80 pubmed publisher
    ..The curative treatment of HFS is based on surgical microvascular decompression (MVD). However, the outcome of this procedure is not always satisfactory...
  42. Nyqvist K, Ewald U. Surface electromyography of facial muscles during natural and artificial feeding of infants: identification of differences between breast-, cup- and bottle-feeding. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2006;82:85-6 pubmed
  43. Oh S, Hatanaka Y, Hemmi S, Young A, Scheufele M, Nations S, et al. Repetitive nerve stimulation of facial muscles in MuSK antibody-positive myasthenia gravis. Muscle Nerve. 2006;33:500-4 pubmed
    ..The high frequency of RNS abnormalities in facial muscles in the MuSK Ab-positive population reflects the propensity for facial muscle involvement in this form of MG ..
  44. Farrugia M, Kennett R, Hilton Jones D, Newsom Davis J, Vincent A. Quantitative EMG of facial muscles in myasthenia patients with MuSK antibodies. Clin Neurophysiol. 2007;118:269-77 pubmed
  45. Waller B, Vick S, Parr L, Bard K, Pasqualini M, Gothard K, et al. Intramuscular electrical stimulation of facial muscles in humans and chimpanzees: Duchenne revisited and extended. Emotion. 2006;6:367-82 pubmed
  46. Prunotto C, Crepaldi T, Forni P, Ieraci A, Kelly R, Tajbakhsh S, et al. Analysis of Mlc-lacZ Met mutants highlights the essential function of Met for migratory precursors of hypaxial muscles and reveals a role for Met in the development of hyoid arch-derived facial muscles. Dev Dyn. 2004;231:582-91 pubmed
    ..Surprisingly, however, X-gal staining showed that, in this mutant, hyoid arch-derived facial muscles were either reduced or absent, thus revealing that Met also contributes to the development of muscles in the ..
  47. Agarwal C, Mendenhall S, Foreman K, Owsley J. The course of the frontal branch of the facial nerve in relation to fascial planes: an anatomic study. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2010;125:532-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to define the path of the frontal branches along fascial planes and to clarify the relationship of the fascial layers of the cheek and temporal region...
  48. Sato W, Fujimura T, Kochiyama T, Suzuki N. Relationships among facial mimicry, emotional experience, and emotion recognition. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e57889 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that facial mimicry influences the sharing and recognition of emotional valence in response to others' dynamic facial expressions. ..
  49. Sarnthein J, Hejrati N, Neidert M, Huber A, Krayenbuhl N. Facial nerve motor evoked potentials during skull base surgery to monitor facial nerve function using the threshold-level method. Neurosurg Focus. 2013;34:E7 pubmed publisher
    ..It should be used as an adjunct to direct electrical facial nerve stimulation and continuous electromyographic monitoring of facial nerve target muscles. ..
  50. Skouras E, Pavlov S, Bendella H, Angelov D. Stimulation of trigeminal afferents improves motor recovery after facial nerve injury: functional, electrophysiological and morphological proofs. Adv Anat Embryol Cell Biol. 2013;213:1-105, vii pubmed publisher
    ..We found that in all cases, trigeminal stimulation was beneficial for the outcome by improving the quality of target reinnervation and recovery of vibrissa! motor performance. ..
  51. Ganesan I, Thomas T. More than meets the smile: facial muscle expression in children with Ochoa syndrome. Med J Malaysia. 2011;66:507-9 pubmed
    ..This suggests a peripheral disorder in facial muscle control. Two thirds of patients have anal sphincter abnormalities. Aberrant organisation of the facial motor and urinary-anal sphincter nuclei may explain these symptoms...
  52. Yang H, Lee J, Hu K, Gil Y, Choi Y, Lee H, et al. New anatomical insights on the course and branching patterns of the facial artery: clinical implications of injectable treatments to the nasolabial fold and nasojugal groove. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2014;133:1077-82 pubmed publisher
    ..This detailed vascular anatomy of the facial artery will promote safe clinical manipulations during injectable treatments to the nasolabial fold and nasojugal groove. ..
  53. Saito H. A simple objective evaluation and grading for facial paralysis outcomes. Acta Otolaryngol. 2012;132:101-5 pubmed publisher
    ..6 mm and 1.6. This paper proposes a new grading system that relies simply on the sum of evaluating items exceeding 2 SDs, or residual lip deviation to the healthy side. ..
  54. Walsh B, Smith A. Oral electromyography activation patterns for speech are similar in preschoolers who do and do not stutter. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2013;56:1441-54 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, the authors determined whether basic patterns of muscle activation for speech were similar in preschool children who stutter and in their fluent peers...
  55. Kaede K, Kato T, Yamaguchi M, Nakamura N, Yamada K, Masuda Y. Effects of lip-closing training on maximum voluntary lip-closing force during lip pursing in healthy young adults. J Oral Rehabil. 2016;43:169-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Quantitative analysis confirmed that lip-closing training enhanced the lip-closing force regionally. ..
  56. Makin A, Wilton M, Pecchinenda A, Bertamini M. Symmetry perception and affective responses: a combined EEG/EMG study. Neuropsychologia. 2012;50:3250-61 pubmed publisher
    ..This work provides a new account of the neural mechanisms involved in visual symmetry perception...
  57. Hadlock T, Urban L. Toward a universal, automated facial measurement tool in facial reanimation. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2012;14:277-82 pubmed publisher
    ..To describe a highly quantitative facial function-measuring tool that yields accurate, objective measures of facial position in significantly less time than existing methods...
  58. Afifi A, Alghoul M, Zor F, Kusuma S, Zins J. Comparison of the transpalpebral and endoscopic approaches in resection of the corrugator supercilii muscle. Aesthet Surg J. 2012;32:151-6 pubmed publisher
    ..While most authors concur about the importance of corrugator resection during brow lift surgery, considerable debate remains regarding the efficacy and technical ease of muscle resection with these approaches...
  59. Kim J, Jeong J, Son D, Han K, Lee S, Choi T, et al. Percutaneous selective radiofrequency nerve ablation for glabellar frown lines. Aesthet Surg J. 2011;31:747-55 pubmed publisher
    ..The dynamic muscles of the glabellar region can be overactive, giving patients a "scowling" look and making them appear angry, worried, or stressed...