abdominal muscles

Summary

Summary: Muscles forming the ABDOMINAL WALL including RECTUS ABDOMINIS; ABDOMINAL OBLIQUE MUSCLES, transversus abdominis, pyramidalis muscles and quadratus abdominis.

Top Publications

  1. Allison G, Morris S, Lay B. Feedforward responses of transversus abdominis are directionally specific and act asymmetrically: implications for core stability theories. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2008;38:228-37 pubmed publisher
    ..Experimental laboratory study supplemented with a repeated case study...
  2. Owen D, Harrod I, Ford J, Luckas M, Gudimetla V. The surgical transversus abdominis plane block--a novel approach for performing an established technique. BJOG. 2011;118:24-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We believe our technique may be easier, safer and equally effective...
  3. Kordi R, Rostami M, Noormohammadpour P, Mansournia M. The effect of food consumption on the thickness of abdominal muscles, employing ultrasound measurements. Eur Spine J. 2011;20:1312-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This study was performed to evaluate the effect of food consumption on thickness of lateral abdominal muscles. Lateral abdominal muscles thicknesses of 63 healthy volunteer men were measured before and after food ..
  4. Ferreira P, Ferreira M, Nascimento D, Pinto R, Franco M, Hodges P. Discriminative and reliability analyses of ultrasound measurement of abdominal muscles recruitment. Man Ther. 2011;16:463-9 pubmed publisher
    ..97) was substantially higher than a non-trained one (ICC = 0.44; 95% CI: -0.41-0.78). In conclusion, ultrasound measures of deep trunk function is a valid discriminative tool in LBP but highly dependent on operator's level of training...
  5. Araco A, Pooney J, Araco F, Gravante G. Transversus abdominis plane block reduces the analgesic requirements after abdominoplasty with flank liposuction. Ann Plast Surg. 2010;65:385-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe results obtained with a case control study between patients undergoing abdominoplasty with the TAP block compared with a similar group of patients not receiving the block...
  6. Griffiths J, Barron F, Grant S, Bjorksten A, Hebbard P, Royse C. Plasma ropivacaine concentrations after ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block. Br J Anaesth. 2010;105:853-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Transversus abdominus plane block using 3 mg kg(-1) of ropivacaine produces venous plasma concentrations that are potentially neurotoxic, although broadly consistent with plasma levels found after injection at other comparable sites. ..
  7. Niraj G, Kelkar A, Jeyapalan I, Graff Baker P, Williams O, Darbar A, et al. Comparison of analgesic efficacy of subcostal transversus abdominis plane blocks with epidural analgesia following upper abdominal surgery. Anaesthesia. 2011;66:465-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Tramadol consumption was significantly greater in the TAP group (p=0.002). Subcostal TAP catheter boluses may be an effective alternative to epidural infusions for providing postoperative analgesia after upper abdominal surgery...
  8. Vasseljen O, Unsgaard Tøndel M, Westad C, Mork P. Effect of core stability exercises on feed-forward activation of deep abdominal muscles in chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012;37:1101-8 pubmed publisher
    ..A randomized controlled trial...
  9. Massé Alarie H, Flamand V, Moffet H, Schneider C. Corticomotor control of deep abdominal muscles in chronic low back pain and anticipatory postural adjustments. Exp Brain Res. 2012;218:99-109 pubmed publisher
    ..TrA/IO co-activation is present during rapid focal movement in healthy subjects only. LBP patients displayed an important alteration of the control of spine stability that can be explained by altered mechanisms of M1 motor programming...

More Information

Publications74

  1. Abdallah F, Chan V, Brull R. Transversus abdominis plane block: a systematic review. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2012;37:193-209 pubmed publisher
    ..This review suggests that our understanding of the TAP block and its role in contemporary practice remains limited...
  2. Kirov K, Motamed C, Ndoko S, Dhonneur G. TOF count at corrugator supercilii reflects abdominal muscles relaxation better than at adductor pollicis. Br J Anaesth. 2007;98:611-4 pubmed
    ..We compared the visual estimation of NMT at CSC and AP with electromyographic measurements of AB during recovery from a vecuronium block...
  3. van Dieen J, Kingma I, van der Bug P, van der Bug J. Evidence for a role of antagonistic cocontraction in controlling trunk stiffness during lifting. J Biomech. 2003;36:1829-36 pubmed
    Activity of the abdominal muscles during symmetric lifting has been a consistent finding in many studies. It has been hypothesized that this antagonistic coactivation increases trunk stiffness to provide stability to the spine...
  4. Vasseljen O, Fladmark A, Westad C, Torp H. Onset in abdominal muscles recorded simultaneously by ultrasound imaging and intramuscular electromyography. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2009;19:e23-31 pubmed
    Delayed onset of muscle activity in abdominal muscles has been related to low back pain...
  5. Laoong u thai Y, Zhao B, Phongdara A, Ako H, Yang J. Identifications of SUMO-1 cDNA and its expression patterns in Pacific white shrimp Litopeanaeus vannamei. Int J Biol Sci. 2009;5:205-14 pubmed
    ..Interestingly, LvSUMO-1 mRNA levels are high in abdominal muscle during the premolt stage, wherein it has significant activities of protein degradation, suggesting its possible role in the regulation of shrimp muscle protein degradation...
  6. Verges S, Schulz C, Perret C, Spengler C. Impaired abdominal muscle contractility after high-intensity exhaustive exercise assessed by magnetic stimulation. Muscle Nerve. 2006;34:423-30 pubmed
    ..Before, immediately after exercise, and after 30 and 60 min of recovery, the nerve roots supplying the abdominal muscles were stimulated magnetically at the T10 level in the prone position after full potentiation...
  7. Dafotakis M, Sparing R, Becker S, Fink G. Epilepsia partialis continua of the abdominal muscles with transient MRI abnormalities. Neurology. 2006;66:1099 pubmed
  8. Cruz Y, Downie J. Abdominal muscle activity during voiding in female rats with normal or irritated bladder. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2006;290:R1436-45 pubmed
    ..However, we conclude that in female rats, the abdominal muscle is reflexively activated during physiological urine expulsion. On the other hand, bladder irritation is marked by an exaggeration of this abdominal visceromotor reflex...
  9. Butler H, Newell R, Hubley Kozey C, Kozey J. The interpretation of abdominal wall muscle recruitment strategies change when the electrocardiogram (ECG) is removed from the electromyogram (EMG). J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2009;19:e102-13 pubmed
    ..Different statistical findings were observed among the muscle sites for the ECG contaminated model compared to the ECG removed model, which resulted in different conclusions concerning neuromuscular control...
  10. Ferreira P, Ferreira M, Hodges P. Changes in recruitment of the abdominal muscles in people with low back pain: ultrasound measurement of muscle activity. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004;29:2560-6 pubmed
    ..Ultrasound and electromyographic (EMG) measures of trunk muscle activity were compared between low back pain (LBP) and control subjects in a cross-sectional study...
  11. Marshall P, Murphy B. The validity and reliability of surface EMG to assess the neuromuscular response of the abdominal muscles to rapid limb movement. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2003;13:477-89 pubmed
  12. Urquhart D, Hodges P, Story I. Postural activity of the abdominal muscles varies between regions of these muscles and between body positions. Gait Posture. 2005;22:295-301 pubmed
    The abdominal muscles have an important role in control and movement of the lumbar spine and pelvis...
  13. Taylor B, How S, Romer L. Exercise-induced abdominal muscle fatigue in healthy humans. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2006;100:1554-62 pubmed
    The abdominal muscles have been shown to fatigue in response to voluntary isocapnic hyperpnea using direct nerve stimulation techniques...
  14. Teyhen D, Miltenberger C, Deiters H, Del Toro Y, Pulliam J, Childs J, et al. The use of ultrasound imaging of the abdominal drawing-in maneuver in subjects with low back pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2005;35:346-55 pubmed
    ..Randomized controlled trial among patients with low back pain (LBP)...
  15. Hall L, Tsao H, MacDonald D, Coppieters M, Hodges P. Immediate effects of co-contraction training on motor control of the trunk muscles in people with recurrent low back pain. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2009;19:763-73 pubmed
    Although deficits in the activation of abdominal muscles are present in people with low back pain (LBP), this can be modified with motor training...
  16. Drake J, Fischer S, Brown S, Callaghan J. Do exercise balls provide a training advantage for trunk extensor exercises? A biomechanical evaluation. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2006;29:354-62 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study is to evaluate differences in the biological response of muscle activation, lumbar spine posture, and loading variables for extensor exercises performed on 2 surfaces...
  17. Koumantakis G, Watson P, Oldham J. Trunk muscle stabilization training plus general exercise versus general exercise only: randomized controlled trial of patients with recurrent low back pain. Phys Ther. 2005;85:209-25 pubmed
  18. Taylor B, Romer L. Effect of expiratory muscle fatigue on exercise tolerance and locomotor muscle fatigue in healthy humans. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2008;104:1442-51 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that EMF impaired subsequent exercise tolerance primarily through an increased severity of limb locomotor muscle fatigue and a heightened perception of leg discomfort...
  19. Hubley Kozey C, Vezina M. Differentiating temporal electromyographic waveforms between those with chronic low back pain and healthy controls. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2002;17:621-9 pubmed
    ..Temporal activation patterns from abdominal and lumbar muscles were compared between healthy control subjects and those with chronic low back pain...
  20. Marshall P, Murphy B. Muscle activation changes after exercise rehabilitation for chronic low back pain. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2008;89:1305-13 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the changes in 2 electromyographic measures, flexion relaxation (FR) response and feed-forward activation of the deep abdominals, associated with low back pain (LBP) after different rehabilitation interventions...
  21. Shibata Y, Sato Y, Fujiwara Y, Komatsu T. Transversus abdominis plane block. Anesth Analg. 2007;105:883; author reply 883 pubmed
  22. Silfies S, Mehta R, Smith S, Karduna A. Differences in feedforward trunk muscle activity in subgroups of patients with mechanical low back pain. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2009;90:1159-69 pubmed publisher
    ..We further hypothesized that we would find differences between subgroups of our patients with MLBP, grouped according to diagnosis (segmental instability and noninstability)...
  23. Esquer C, Claure N, D Ugard C, Wada Y, Bancalari E. Role of abdominal muscles activity on duration and severity of hypoxemia episodes in mechanically ventilated preterm infants. Neonatology. 2007;92:182-6 pubmed
    ..Episodes of hypoxemia are often observed in ventilated preterm infants. The factors that determine their duration, severity and the failure of the mechanical breaths to maintain ventilation have not been fully defined...
  24. Man W, Hopkinson N, Harraf F, Nikoletou D, Polkey M, Moxham J. Abdominal muscle and quadriceps strength in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Thorax. 2005;60:718-22 pubmed
    ..However, the abdominal muscles are of a similar anatomical and fibre type distribution to the quadriceps, although they remain active in ..
  25. Anderson K, Behm D. Maintenance of EMG activity and loss of force output with instability. J Strength Cond Res. 2004;18:637-40 pubmed
    ..The diminished force output suggests that the overload stresses required for strength training necessitate the inclusion of resistance training on stable surfaces...
  26. Hubley Kozey C, Vezina M. Muscle activation during exercises to improve trunk stability in men with low back pain. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2002;83:1100-8 pubmed
  27. Cesar J, Yang J. Expression patterns of ubiquitin, heat shock protein 70, alpha-actin and beta-actin over the molt cycle in the abdominal muscle of marine shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. Mol Reprod Dev. 2007;74:554-9 pubmed
    ..Muscle structural alpha-actin and cytoskeletal beta-actin were increased during intermolt and premolt stages, suggesting high muscle growth during these stages in the abdominal muscle of the L. vannamei...
  28. Springer B, Mielcarek B, Nesfield T, Teyhen D. Relationships among lateral abdominal muscles, gender, body mass index, and hand dominance. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2006;36:289-97 pubmed
    ..Exploratory...
  29. McCook D, Vicenzino B, Hodges P. Activity of deep abdominal muscles increases during submaximal flexion and extension efforts but antagonist co-contraction remains unchanged. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2009;19:754-62 pubmed
    ..In submaximal tasks, TrA activation may enhance stability as a strategy to improve trunk stiffness without requiring a concurrent increase in activity of the larger torque producing trunk muscles...
  30. Aydin A, Hickeson M, Yu J, Zhuang H, Alavi A. Demonstration of excessive metabolic activity of thoracic and abdominal muscles on FDG-PET in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Clin Nucl Med. 2005;30:159-64 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine if an FDG-PET study was able to visualize muscle uptake of the chest and abdomen in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)...
  31. Arokoski J, Valta T, Kankaanpaa M, Airaksinen O. Activation of lumbar paraspinal and abdominal muscles during therapeutic exercises in chronic low back pain patients. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2004;85:823-32 pubmed
    To assess the activities of paraspinal and abdominal muscles during therapeutic exercises for the treatment of patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain (CLBP), and to study the effects of active physical rehabilitation on these ..
  32. Janczewski W, Onimaru H, Homma I, Feldman J. Opioid-resistant respiratory pathway from the preinspiratory neurones to abdominal muscles: in vivo and in vitro study in the newborn rat. J Physiol. 2002;545:1017-26 pubmed
    ..breathing movements are stopped by administration of opioids (opioid-induced apnoea) in neonatal rats, abdominal muscles continue to contract at a rate similar to that observed during periods of ventilation...
  33. Reeves N, Cholewicki J, Milner T, Lee A. Trunk antagonist co-activation is associated with impaired neuromuscular performance. Exp Brain Res. 2008;188:457-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Such antagonistic co-activation increases trunk stiffness with the possible objective of limiting kinematic disturbances due to greater force variability...
  34. Butler H, Hubley Kozey C, Kozey J. Changes in trunk muscle activation and lumbar-pelvic position associated with abdominal hollowing and reach during a simulated manual material handling task. Ergonomics. 2007;50:410-25 pubmed
    ..05) than for any of the abdominal muscles for all conditions, except for the anterior external oblique for AH...
  35. Smith M, Coppieters M, Hodges P. Postural response of the pelvic floor and abdominal muscles in women with and without incontinence. Neurourol Urodyn. 2007;26:377-85 pubmed
    To determine whether activity of the pelvic floor (PF) and abdominal muscles differs between continent and incontinent women in response to a postural perturbation with a moderately full or empty bladder.
  36. Beramendi A, Peron S, Casanova G, Reggiani C, Cantera R. Neuromuscular junction in abdominal muscles of Drosophila melanogaster during adulthood and aging. J Comp Neurol. 2007;501:498-508 pubmed
  37. Zanchet R, Chagas A, Melo J, Watanabe P, Simoes Barbosa A, Feijó G. Influence of the technique of re-educating thoracic and abdominal muscles on respiratory muscle strength in patients with cystic fibrosis. J Bras Pneumol. 2006;32:123-9 pubmed
    To determine the effect that re-education of the thoracic and abdominal muscles has on the respiratory muscle strength of patients with cystic fibrosis evaluated over time at the Cystic Fibrosis Outpatient Clinic of the Universidade Cató..
  38. Verges S, Lenherr O, Haner A, Schulz C, Spengler C. Increased fatigue resistance of respiratory muscles during exercise after respiratory muscle endurance training. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2007;292:R1246-53 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, RMT decreased the development of respiratory muscle fatigue during intensive exercise, but this change did not seem to improve cycling endurance...
  39. Marshall P, Murphy B. Core stability exercises on and off a Swiss ball. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2005;86:242-9 pubmed
    ..To assess lumbopelvic muscle activity during different core stability exercises on and off a Swiss ball...
  40. Behm D, Leonard A, Young W, Bonsey W, MacKinnon S. Trunk muscle electromyographic activity with unstable and unilateral exercises. J Strength Cond Res. 2005;19:193-201 pubmed
    ..Electromyographic activity of the upper lumbar, lumbosacral erector spinae, and lower-abdominal muscles were monitored. Instability generated greater activation of the lower-abdominal stabilizer musculature (27...
  41. Fujita N, Huang W, Lin T, Groulx J, Jean S, Nguyen J, et al. Genetic screen in Drosophila muscle identifies autophagy-mediated T-tubule remodeling and a Rab2 role in autophagy. elife. 2017;6: pubmed publisher
    ..in T-tubule remodeling with genetic screens of a developmentally regulated remodeling program in Drosophila abdominal muscles. Here, we show that autophagy is both upregulated with and required for progression through T-tubule ..
  42. Swaggart K, Demonbreun A, Vo A, Swanson K, Kim E, Fahrenbach J, et al. Annexin A6 modifies muscular dystrophy by mediating sarcolemmal repair. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014;111:6004-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In contrast, ANXA6N32 dramatically disrupted the annexin A6-rich cap and the associated repair zone, permitting membrane leak. Anxa6 is a modifier of muscular dystrophy and membrane repair after injury. ..
  43. Bollag L, Richebe P, Siaulys M, Ortner C, Gofeld M, Landau R. Effect of transversus abdominis plane block with and without clonidine on post-cesarean delivery wound hyperalgesia and pain. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2012;37:508-14 pubmed publisher
    ..Further studies are warranted to determine the benefits of antihyperalgesic adjuvants in TAP solutions for specific individuals at risk for chronic pain. ..
  44. Shamsi M, Sarrafzadeh J, Jamshidi A, Arjmand N, Ghezelbash F. Comparison of spinal stability following motor control and general exercises in nonspecific chronic low back pain patients. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2017;48:42-48 pubmed publisher
    ..of stability in the motor control group at right lateral pulling may be attributed to more activity of abdominal muscles, and significant decrease of stability in the general exercise group at forward pulling may be attributed to ..
  45. Kappos E, Jaskolka J, Butler K, O Neill A, Hofer S, Zhong T. Preoperative Computed Tomographic Angiogram Measurement of Abdominal Muscles Is a Valuable Risk Assessment for Bulge Formation after Microsurgical Abdominal Free Flap Breast Reconstruction. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2017;140:170-177 pubmed publisher
    ..Risk, III. ..
  46. Kim J, Choi S. Healing effect of acellular dermal matrixes for repair of abdominal wall defects in a rat model. In Vivo. 2013;27:755-60 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that both ADM prototypes are applicable implant materials for repair of abdominal wall defects. ..
  47. Kimura F, Oishi M, Yakoshi C, Ogasawara C, Ishihara H, Hirota K. [Rectus sheath block and transversus abdominis plane block for a patient with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome undergoing low anterior resection]. Masui. 2013;62:989-91 pubmed
    ..The present case shows that ultrasound-guided rectus sheath block and transversus abdominis plane block are safe and useful for abdominal surgery in patients with neuromuscular disease. ..
  48. Cantarero Villanueva I, Fernández Lao C, Cuesta Vargas A, Del Moral Ávila R, Fernandez de Las Penas C, Arroyo Morales M. The effectiveness of a deep water aquatic exercise program in cancer-related fatigue in breast cancer survivors: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2013;94:221-30 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the effectiveness of an 8-week aquatic program on cancer-related fatigue, as well as physical and psychological outcomes in breast cancer survivors...
  49. Petersen P, Mathiesen O, Torup H, Dahl J. The transversus abdominis plane block: a valuable option for postoperative analgesia? A topical review. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2010;54:529-35 pubmed publisher
    ..Further studies are warranted to support the findings of the primary published trials and to establish general recommendations for the use of a TAP block. ..
  50. Hansen L, Bangsbo J, Twisk J, Klausen K. Development of muscle strength in relation to training level and testosterone in young male soccer players. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1999;87:1141-7 pubmed
    ..1,915 +/- 72 N), back muscles (487 +/- 11 vs. 414 +/- 10 N), abdominal muscles (320 +/- 9 vs. 294 +/- 8 N), and handgrip (304 +/- 10 vs. 259 +/- 8 N) increased by 15-40% during the period...
  51. Xinyu Guan -, Linhong Ji -, Rencheng Wang -, Wenjie Huang -. Optimization of an unpowered energy-stored exoskeleton for patients with spinal cord injury. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2016;2016:5030-5033 pubmed publisher
    ..With optimized energy-stored elements, the hip flexion moment decreased by 37.2%, activations in abdominal muscles decreased and low back muscles slightly increased...
  52. Tayashiki K, Takai Y, Maeo S, Kanehisa H. Intra-abdominal Pressure and Trunk Muscular Activities during Abdominal Bracing and Hollowing. Int J Sports Med. 2016;37:134-43 pubmed publisher
  53. Ozel L, Marur T, Unal E, Kara M, Erdogdu E, Demir T, et al. Avoiding abdominal flank bulge after lumbotomy incision: cadaveric study and ultrasonographic investigation. Transplant Proc. 2012;44:1618-22 pubmed publisher
    ..We dissected four cadavers and retrospectively assessed donor ultrasonographic imaging of anterolateral abdominal muscle atrophy after donor nephrectomy with a lumbotomy incision...
  54. Dorado C, Calbet J, Lopez Gordillo A, Alayón S, Sanchis Moysi J. Marked effects of Pilates on the abdominal muscles: a longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging study. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012;44:1589-94 pubmed publisher
    ..The study's purpose was to analyze the effects of Pilates on the volume of the rectus abdominis (RA), obliques, and transversus abdominis, with the last two considered conjointly (OT)...
  55. Swaggart K, Heydemann A, Palmer A, McNally E. Distinct genetic regions modify specific muscle groups in muscular dystrophy. Physiol Genomics. 2011;43:24-31 pubmed publisher
    ..A locus on chromosome 18 was identified that modified membrane permeability of the abdominal muscles, and a locus on chromosome 3 was found that regulated diaphragm and abdominal muscle fibrosis...
  56. Suri P, Kiely D, Leveille S, Frontera W, Bean J. Increased trunk extension endurance is associated with meaningful improvement in balance among older adults with mobility problems. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2011;92:1038-43 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine whether trunk extension endurance changes with training are associated with clinically meaningful improvements in balance among mobility-limited older adults...
  57. Collyer S, Kenny D, Archer M. Listener perception of the effect of abdominal kinematic directives on respiratory behavior in female classical singing. J Voice. 2011;25:e15-24 pubmed publisher
    ..The findings demonstrate the importance of considering habitual breathing behavior in both research and pedagogical contexts...
  58. Ohno S, Togawa Y, Chiku T, Sano W. Postherpetic pseudohernia: delayed onset of paresis of abdominal muscles due to herpes zoster causing an ipsilateral abdominal bulge. BMJ Case Rep. 2016;2016: pubmed publisher
    ..is one of the neurological complications of herpes zoster and essentially consists of paresis of ipsilateral abdominal muscles. Postherpetic pseudohernia may be mistaken for abdominal wall herniation because it is not well known...
  59. Minqiang X, Jie L, Dali M, Lanhua M. Transmidline abdominal skin flap model in pig: refinements and advancements. J Reconstr Microsurg. 2012;28:111-8 pubmed publisher
    ..9 ± 4.1%. The transmidline abdominal skin flap in pig is a reliable and true abdominal flap model for future physiological studies, especially the circulatory dynamics in transmidline abdominal flaps...
  60. Bottari N, Tonin A, Fighera R, Flores M, França R, Camillo G, et al. Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii: relationship between hepatic lesions, cytological and biochemical analysis of the cavitary liquid during the acute phase of the diseases in experimental models. Exp Parasitol. 2014;136:68-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, the pathogenesis of ascites appears to be directly related to liver damage, which strongly suggests alteration in the normal production of proteins as observed in this study, along with peritonitis. ..
  61. Barnhart D, Jacques E, Scaife E, Yoder B, Meyers R, Harman A, et al. Split abdominal wall muscle flap repair vs patch repair of large congenital diaphragmatic hernias. J Pediatr Surg. 2012;47:81-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Large congenital diaphragmatic hernias are commonly repaired with a prosthetic patch. We hypothesized that a split abdominal wall muscle flap would reduce the risk of recurrence...
  62. Sheu Y, Marshall L, Holton K, Caserotti P, Boudreau R, Strotmeyer E, et al. Abdominal body composition measured by quantitative computed tomography and risk of non-spine fractures: the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study. Osteoporos Int. 2013;24:2231-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Among various adipose tissues and muscle groups, lower psoas muscle volume and higher fatty infiltration of abdominal muscle contribute to higher fracture risk independent of BMD...
  63. Wulf A, Wagner H, Wulf T, Schinowski D, Puta C, Anders C, et al. Phasic bursting pattern of postural responses may reflect internal dynamics: simulation of trunk reflexes with a neural oscillator model. J Biomech. 2012;45:2645-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Hence, the oscillations in single trial responses which are usually regarded as noise might be generated by the dynamics of a neural oscillator...
  64. Li L, Chen Y, Chen J, Chen J, Yang B, Li J, et al. Adjuvant chemotherapy increases the prevalence of fat necrosis in immediate free abdominal flap breast reconstruction. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2014;67:461-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Perfusion-related factors and post-operative radiotherapy are the known risks. However, the influence of adjuvant chemotherapy on fat necrosis prevalence remains unknown...
  65. Yongqing T, Wilmann P, Reeve S, Coetzer T, Smith A, Whisstock J, et al. The x-ray crystal structure of mannose-binding lectin-associated serine proteinase-3 reveals the structural basis for enzyme inactivity associated with the Carnevale, Mingarelli, Malpuech, and Michels (3MC) syndrome. J Biol Chem. 2013;288:22399-407 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, these insights into the function of MASP-3 reveal how a mutation in this enzyme causes it to be inactive and thus contribute to the 3MC syndrome. ..