Summary: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.

Top Publications

  1. Folker E, Schulman V, Baylies M. Translocating myonuclei have distinct leading and lagging edges that require kinesin and dynein. Development. 2014;141:355-66 pubmed publisher
    ..We find that in developing Drosophila muscles, Dynein and Kinesin work together to move nuclei in a single direction by two separate mechanisms that are ..
  2. Blümel M, Guschlbauer C, Daun Gruhn S, Hooper S, Buschges A. Hill-type muscle model parameters determined from experiments on single muscles show large animal-to-animal variation. Biol Cybern. 2012;106:559-71 pubmed publisher
    ..series elasticity, force-activation, force-velocity) to be determined from experiments on individual stick insect muscles (Blümel et al. 2012a)...
  3. Nir R, Grossman R, Paroush Z, Volk T. Phosphorylation of the Drosophila melanogaster RNA-binding protein HOW by MAPK/ERK enhances its dimerization and activity. PLoS Genet. 2012;8:e1002632 pubmed publisher antibody that specifically recognizes phosphorylated HOW, we show that HOW is phosphorylated in embryonic muscles and heart cardioblasts in vivo, thus documenting for the first time Serine/Threonine (Ser/Thr) phosphorylation of ..
  4. Yaman A, Ozturk C, Huijing P, Yucesoy C. Magnetic resonance imaging assessment of mechanical interactions between human lower leg muscles in vivo. J Biomech Eng. 2013;135:91003 pubmed publisher
    ..of gastrocnemius muscle-tendon complex in vivo will cause sizable and heterogeneous local strains within all muscles of the human lower leg. Our goal is to test this hypothesis...
  5. Mozzetta C, Consalvi S, Saccone V, Tierney M, Diamantini A, Mitchell K, et al. Fibroadipogenic progenitors mediate the ability of HDAC inhibitors to promote regeneration in dystrophic muscles of young, but not old Mdx mice. EMBO Mol Med. 2013;5:626-39 pubmed publisher
    ..mice, by promoting endogenous regeneration; however, the cellular determinants of HDACi activity on dystrophic muscles have not been determined...
  6. Krajcs N, Mark L, Elekes K, Kiss T. Morphology, ultrastructure and contractile properties of muscles responsible for superior tentacle movements of the snail. Acta Biol Hung. 2012;63 Suppl 2:129-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Three recently discovered special muscles, spanning along the length of superior tentacles from the tip to the base, seem to be responsible for the ..
  7. Kamalam B, Médale F, Kaushik S, Polakof S, Skiba Cassy S, Panserat S. Regulation of metabolism by dietary carbohydrates in two lines of rainbow trout divergently selected for muscle fat content. J Exp Biol. 2012;215:2567-78 pubmed publisher
  8. Banerjee K, Ayyub C, Sengupta S, Kolthur Seetharam U. dSir2 deficiency in the fatbody, but not muscles, affects systemic insulin signaling, fat mobilization and starvation survival in flies. Aging (Albany NY). 2012;4:206-23 pubmed
    ..This report delineates the functions of dSir2 in the fatbody and muscles with systemic consequences on fat metabolism and insulin signaling...
  9. Guo Y, Mo D, Zhang Y, Zhang Y, Cong P, Xiao S, et al. MicroRNAome comparison between intramuscular and subcutaneous vascular stem cell adipogenesis. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e45410 pubmed publisher
    ..The objectives of this study were to identify porcine miRNAs involved in adipogenesis in primary preadipocytes, and to determine whether intramuscular and subcutaneous adipocytes differ in the expression and regulation of miRNAs...

More Information


  1. Xu J, Gao J, Li J, Xue L, Clark K, Ekker S, et al. Functional analysis of slow myosin heavy chain 1 and myomesin-3 in sarcomere organization in zebrafish embryonic slow muscles. J Genet Genomics. 2012;39:69-80 pubmed publisher
    ..a loss-of-function analysis of myomesin-3 and slow myosin heavy chain 1 (smyhc1) expressed specifically in slow muscles. We demonstrated that knockdown of smyhc1 abolished the sarcomeric localization of myomesin-3 in slow muscles...
  2. Kim J, Kwak H, Thompson L, Lawler J. Contribution of oxidative stress to pathology in diaphragm and limb muscles with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. J Muscle Res Cell Motil. 2013;34:1-13 pubmed publisher
    ..and the extracellular matrix, resulting in profound damage, inflammation, and weakness in diaphragm and limb muscles. While the link between dystrophin deficiency with inflammation and pathology is multi-factorial, elevated ..
  3. Strochlic L, Falk J, Goillot E, Sigoillot S, Bourgeois F, Delers P, et al. Wnt4 participates in the formation of vertebrate neuromuscular junction. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e29976 pubmed publisher
    ..Wnt4 not only interacts with MuSK ectodomain but also mediates MuSK activation. Taken together our data reveal a new role for Wnt4 in mammalian NMJ formation that could be mediated by MuSK, a key receptor in synaptogenesis...
  4. Weber K, Rosengren S, Michels R, Sturm V, Straumann D, Landau K. Single motor unit activity in human extraocular muscles during the vestibulo-ocular reflex. J Physiol. 2012;590:3091-101 pubmed publisher
    Motor unit activity in human eye muscles during the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) is not well understood, since the associated head and eye movements normally preclude single unit recordings...
  5. Ponsuksili S, Du Y, Murani E, Schwerin M, Wimmers K. Elucidating molecular networks that either affect or respond to plasma cortisol concentration in target tissues of liver and muscle. Genetics. 2012;192:1109-22 pubmed publisher
    ..The discrimination of up- and downstream effects of transcripts affecting or responding to plasma cortisol concentrations improves the understanding of the biology of complex traits related to growth, health, and well-being...
  6. Smeenk R, Hoffmann A, Hopman W, van Lin E, Kaanders J. Dose-effect relationships for individual pelvic floor muscles and anorectal complaints after prostate radiotherapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2012;83:636-44 pubmed publisher
    To delineate the individual pelvic floor muscles considered to be involved in anorectal toxicity and to investigate dose-effect relationships for fecal incontinence-related complaints after prostate radiotherapy (RT).
  7. Busse S, Genet C, Hörnschemeyer T. Homologization of the flight musculature of zygoptera (insecta: odonata) and neoptera (insecta). PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e55787 pubmed publisher
    ..This will contribute to understand the early evolution of pterygote insects and their basal phylogenetic relationship...
  8. Li P, Zhou J, Meng M, Madhavan R, Peng H. Reciprocal regulation of axonal Filopodia and outgrowth during neuromuscular junction development. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e44759 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, here we investigated how bFGF- and NT-signals in neurons jointly elicit presynaptic changes during the earliest stages of NMJ development...
  9. Hernadi L, Teyke T. Novel triplet of flexor muscles in the posterior tentacles of the snail, Helix pomatia. Acta Biol Hung. 2012;63 Suppl 2:123-8 pubmed publisher
    The anatomy of three novel flexor muscles in the posterior tentacles of Helix pomatia is described. The muscles originate from the ventral side of the sensory pad and are anchored at different sites in the base of the tentacle stem...
  10. Wu H, Liu X, Zhao J, Yu J. NMR-based metabolomic investigations on the differential responses in adductor muscles from two pedigrees of Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum to Cadmium and Zinc. Mar Drugs. 2011;9:1566-79 pubmed publisher
    ..clams, including higher levels of alanine, glutamine, hypotaurine, phosphocholine and homarine in White clam muscles and higher levels of branched chain amino acids (valine, leucine and isoleucine), succinate and 4-aminobutyrate ..
  11. Dmitryjuk M, Dopieralska M, Łopieńska Biernat E, Frączek R. Purification and partial biochemical-genetic characterization of trehalose 6-phosphate synthase from muscles of adult female Ascaris suum. J Helminthol. 2013;87:212-21 pubmed publisher
    Trehalose 6-phosphate (T6P) synthase (TPS; EC was isolated from muscles of Ascaris suum by ammonium sulphate fractionation, ion-exchange DEAE SEPHACEL(TM) anion exchanger column chromatography and Sepharose 6B gel filtration...
  12. Sotton B, Devaux A, Givaudan N, Guillard J, Domaizon I, Bony S, et al. Short-term uptake of microcystin-LR by Coregonus lavaretus: GST activity and genotoxicity. Ecotoxicology. 2012;21:1788-96 pubmed publisher
    ..This work demonstrates that European whitefish could be impacted by cyanobacteria toxins due to rapid microcystin uptake, especially in the context of chronic contamination, which can occur during long bloom episodes...
  13. Nowak S, Aihara H, Gonzalez K, Nibu Y, Baylies M. Akirin links twist-regulated transcription with the Brahma chromatin remodeling complex during embryogenesis. PLoS Genet. 2012;8:e1002547 pubmed publisher
  14. Krishnan A, Prabhakar S, Sudarsan S, Sane S. The neural mechanisms of antennal positioning in flying moths. J Exp Biol. 2012;215:3096-105 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, the latency between the activation of antennal muscles following stimulation of sensory bristles was also very short (<10 ms), indicating that the sensorimotor ..
  15. Spofford C, Brennan T. Gene expression in skin, muscle, and dorsal root ganglion after plantar incision in the rat. Anesthesiology. 2012;117:161-72 pubmed publisher
    ..To date, few studies have examined expression of other neurotrophin-related mediators that may contribute to the development and/or maintenance of incisional pain...
  16. Boldyrev A. Carnosine: new concept for the function of an old molecule. Biochemistry (Mosc). 2012;77:313-26 pubmed publisher
    ..The first attempts for application of carnosine in sport and medical practice are described...
  17. Brien P, Pugazhendhi D, Woodhouse S, Oxley D, Pell J. p38? MAPK regulates adult muscle stem cell fate by restricting progenitor proliferation during postnatal growth and repair. Stem Cells. 2013;31:1597-610 pubmed publisher
    ..This study provides novel evidence for the fundamental role of p38? in adult muscle homeostasis in vivo...
  18. Kasprick D, Kish P, Junttila T, Ward L, Bohnsack B, Kahana A. Microanatomy of adult zebrafish extraocular muscles. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e27095 pubmed publisher align overlapping visual fields for fusion in the visual cortex, and each eye is controlled by 6 extraocular muscles (EOMs). Disorders of EOMs are an important cause of symptomatic vision loss...
  19. Tanaka S, Ikeda K, Uchiyama K, Iwamoto T, Sanayama Y, Okubo A, et al. [18F]FDG uptake in proximal muscles assessed by PET/CT reflects both global and local muscular inflammation and provides useful information in the management of patients with polymyositis/dermatomyositis. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2013;52:1271-8 pubmed publisher
    ..determine whether [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose-PET/CT ([(18)F]FDG-PET/CT) discriminates PM/DM from non-muscular diseases and also whether FDG uptake in proximal muscles reflects the activity and severity of muscular inflammation in PM/DM.
  20. Zarzycki M, Kołodziejczyk R, Maciaszczyk Dziubinska E, Wysocki R, Jaskolski M, Dzugaj A. Structure of E69Q mutant of human muscle fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2011;67:1028-34 pubmed publisher
    ..The AMP binding pattern of the muscle isozyme is quite similar to that of the liver isozyme and the T conformations of the two isozymes are nearly the same...
  21. Blümel M, Hooper S, Guschlbauerc C, White W, Buschges A. Determining all parameters necessary to build Hill-type muscle models from experiments on single muscles. Biol Cybern. 2012;106:543-58 pubmed publisher
    ..on any one muscle, and complete characterizations are obtained by averaging data across a large number of muscles. Such averaging approaches can work well for muscles that are similar across individuals...
  22. Hinterwirth A, Medina B, Lockey J, Otten D, Voldman J, Lang J, et al. Wireless stimulation of antennal muscles in freely flying hawkmoths leads to flight path changes. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e52725 pubmed publisher
    ..controlled, programmable, miniature stimulator, we show that ultra-low-current electrical stimulation of antennal muscles in freely-flying hawkmoths leads to repeatable, transient changes in the animals' pitch angle, as well as less ..
  23. Lima M, Li N, Jung de Andrade M, Fang S, Oh J, Spinks G, et al. Electrically, chemically, and photonically powered torsional and tensile actuation of hybrid carbon nanotube yarn muscles. Science. 2012;338:928-32 pubmed publisher
    Artificial muscles are of practical interest, but few types have been commercially exploited. Typical problems include slow response, low strain and force generation, short cycle life, use of electrolytes, and low energy efficiency...
  24. Yuan J, Zhao F, Chan Q, Wang Y. Observation of bi-exponential T(1?) relaxation of in-vivo rat muscles at 3T. Acta Radiol. 2012;53:675-81 pubmed publisher
    ..However, compartmentation of tissues and microscopic molecular exchange may lead to bi-exponential or multi-exponential T(1?) relaxation behavior in certain tissues under the application of spin lock pulse field strength...
  25. Ethier C, Oby E, Bauman M, Miller L. Restoration of grasp following paralysis through brain-controlled stimulation of muscles. Nature. 2012;485:368-71 pubmed publisher
    ..the patient uses residual proximal limb movements to trigger pre-programmed stimulation that causes the paralysed muscles to contract, allowing use of one or two basic grasps...
  26. Romeo V. Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 or Steinert's disease. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2012;724:239-57 pubmed publisher
    ..Efficacious therapies targeted at the pathogenic mechanism of DM1 are not yet available, while studies that seek to block toxic RNA intranuclear storage with specific molecules are still ongoing...
  27. Banerjee K, Ayyub C, Ali S, Mandot V, Prasad N, Kolthur Seetharam U. dSir2 in the adult fat body, but not in muscles, regulates life span in a diet-dependent manner. Cell Rep. 2012;2:1485-91 pubmed publisher span phenotype of dSir2 perturbations (both knockdown and overexpression) in the fat body, but not muscles, negates the effects of background genetic mutations...
  28. Liscia A, Solari P, Gibbons S, Gelperin A, Stoffolano J. Effect of serotonin and calcium on the supercontractile muscles of the adult blowfly crop. J Insect Physiol. 2012;58:356-66 pubmed publisher
    ..recordings were conducted to determine the role of serotonin and calcium on the supercontractile pump muscles of the diverticulated crop of adult blowflies...
  29. Zaheer F, Roy S, De Luca C. Preferred sensor sites for surface EMG signal decomposition. Physiol Meas. 2012;33:195-206 pubmed publisher
    ..the influence of the sensor site on the number of identified motor unit action potential trains in six lower limb muscles and one upper limb muscle with the intent of locating preferred sensor sites that provided the greatest number of ..
  30. Ferreira L, Laitano O. Regulation of NADPH oxidases in skeletal muscle. Free Radic Biol Med. 2016;98:18-28 pubmed publisher
    The only known function of NAD(P)H oxidases is to produce reactive oxygen species (ROS). Skeletal muscles express three isoforms of NAD(P)H oxidases (Nox1, Nox2, and Nox4) that have been identified as critical modulators of redox ..
  31. Gedrange T, Kunert Keil C, Heinemann F, Dominiak M. Tissue Engineering and Oral Rehabilitation in the Stomatognathic System. Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:4519568 pubmed publisher
  32. Inaba K, Nakamura S, Okamoto H, Kashihara T, Kobayashi K, Harada K, et al. Early-onset dropped head syndrome after radiotherapy for head and neck cancer: dose constraints for neck extensor muscles. J Radiat Res. 2016;57:169-73 pubmed publisher
    ..We reported this early-onset complication and analyzed the dose to the neck extensor muscles. We examined the records of three patients with DHS after radiotherapy...
  33. Maslow J, Collinge C. Risks to the Superior Gluteal Neurovascular Bundle During Iliosacral and Transsacral Screw Fixation: A Computed Tomogram Arteriography Study. J Orthop Trauma. 2017;31:640-643 pubmed publisher
    ..neurovasculature (SG NV bundle) is well described as running along the posterior ilium, providing innervation and perfusion to important abductor muscles. The method of pelvis fixation least likely to injure the SG NV bundle is unknown.
  34. Zhang Z, Ng G, Lee W, Fu S. Increase in passive muscle tension of the quadriceps muscle heads in jumping athletes with patellar tendinopathy. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2017;27:1099-1104 pubmed publisher
    ..The passive tension of the vastus lateralis (VL) and rectus femoris (RF) muscles and patellar tendon stiffness were assessed. The shear elastic modulus of the VL muscle was increased by 26...
  35. Wurth S, Capogrosso M, Raspopovic S, Gandar J, Federici G, Kinany N, et al. Long-term usability and bio-integration of polyimide-based intra-neural stimulating electrodes. Biomaterials. 2017;122:114-129 pubmed publisher
    ..The selectivity of the electrodes enabled the preferential recruitment of extensor and flexor muscles of the ankle. Despite the foreign body reaction, this selectivity remained stable over time...
  36. Chen M, Deng K, Zeng W, Zeng J, Zhong Q, Han Z. [Minimally invasive tarsal sinus incision combined with manipulative reduction and internal fixation for calcaneal fractures of Sanders type? and ?]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2017;55:220-223 pubmed publisher
    ..without complications such as skin necrosis, wound infection, tenosynovitis of peroneus longus and brevis muscles, or fracture displacement and hardware failure.Bone union was achieved at an average of 10.5 weeks(9 to 11 weeks)...
  37. Wilson M, Dai B, Zhu Q, Humphrey N. Trunk Muscle Activation and Estimating Spinal Compressive Force in Rope and Harness Vertical Dance. J Dance Med Sci. 2015;19:163-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Computing the relative contribution of muscles, expressed as muscle activation and estimated spinal compression, provided a measure of how much the muscle ..
  38. Swartz J, Pothen A, Wegner I, Smid E, Swart K, de Bree R, et al. Feasibility of using head and neck CT imaging to assess skeletal muscle mass in head and neck cancer patients. Oral Oncol. 2016;62:28-33 pubmed publisher
    ..On the head and neck CT-scans, the paravertebral and sternocleidomastoid muscles were delineated. On the abdominal CT-scans, all muscles were delineated...
  39. Sarvazyan A, Rudenko O, Aglyamov S, EMELIANOV S. Muscle as a molecular machine for protecting joints and bones by absorbing mechanical impacts. Med Hypotheses. 2014;83:6-10 pubmed publisher
    ..model explaining the absorption of mechanical shock energy due to the increased viscosity of contracting skeletal muscles. The developed model, based on the classical theory of sliding filaments, demonstrates that the increased muscle ..
  40. Wen M, Lee K. Diaphragm and intercostal muscle activity following mid-cervical spinal cord contusion in the rat. J Neurotrauma. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..contusion caused an immediate reduction in inspiratory bursting in the bilateral diaphragm and intercostal muscles. From 3 days to 8 weeks post-contusion, the contused animals displayed significantly lower tidal volume than ..
  41. Gage J, Gallucci A, Arnaud M, Chossegros C, Foletti J. [Temporomandibular joint arthropathy in situ steroid injection]. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac Chir Orale. 2016;117:298-301 pubmed publisher
    Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) affect the masticatory muscles and the temporomandibular joints (TMJs). TMDs most often result from occlusal and/or muscular disorders and are then called primary or idiopathic TMDs...
  42. Yu Xuan Zhou -, Hai Peng Wang -, Xiao Peng Cao -, Zheng Yang Bi -, Yu Jie Gao -, Xiao Bin Chen -, et al. Electromyographic Bridge-a multi-movement volitional control method for functional electrical stimulation: prototype system design and experimental validation. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2017;2017:205-208 pubmed publisher
    ..The surface electromyography (sEMG) signals of the agonist muscles were transformed to stimulation pulses with various pulse width and frequency to stimulate the target paralyzed ..
  43. Mittal R, Zifan A, Kumar D, Ledgerwood Lee M, Ruppert E, Ghahremani G. Functional morphology of the lower esophageal sphincter and crural diaphragm determined by three-dimensional high-resolution esophago-gastric junction pressure profile and CT imaging. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2017;313:G212-G219 pubmed publisher
    The smooth muscles of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and skeletal muscles of the crural diaphragm (CD) provide a closure/antireflux barrier mechanism at the esophago-gastric junction (EGJ)...
  44. Dal Maso F, Desormeau B, Boudrias M, Roig M. Acute cardiovascular exercise promotes functional changes in cortico-motor networks during the early stages of motor memory consolidation. Neuroimage. 2018;174:380-392 pubmed publisher
    ..EEG along with EMG data of hand muscles were collected during the production of low-force isometric contractions...
  45. Ji X, Zhao L, Ji K, Zhao Y, Li W, Zhang R, et al. Growth Differentiation Factor 15 Is a Novel Diagnostic Biomarker of Mitochondrial Diseases. Mol Neurobiol. 2017;54:8110-8116 pubmed publisher
    ..Mitochondrial Disease Adult Scale, numbers of ragged-red fibers, and COX-negative fibers in the biopsied muscles. The median serum growth differentiation factor 15 concentration was significantly elevated in 42 patients with ..
  46. Tian T, Budgett S, Smalldridge J, Hayward L, STINEAR J, Kruger J. Assessing exercises recommended for women at risk of pelvic floor disorders using multivariate statistical techniques. Int Urogynecol J. 2018;29:1447-1454 pubmed publisher
    ..and activities generate intraabdominal pressure (IAP) that may compromise the function of the pelvic floor muscles. Women with, or at risk of, pelvic floor disorders are advised therefore to refrain from these exercises and ..
  47. Butchart L, Terrill J, Rossetti G, White R, Filipovska A, Grounds M. Expression patterns of regulatory RNAs, including lncRNAs and tRNAs, during postnatal growth of normal and dystrophic (mdx) mouse muscles, and their response to taurine treatment. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2018;99:52-63 pubmed publisher
    ..regulatory non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) in vivo, including miRNAs, lncRNAs and tRNAs, during early growth of skeletal muscles in normal control C57Bl/10Scsn (C57) compared with dystrophic mdx mice from 2 to 6 weeks of postnatal age, and ..
  48. Skibinska I, Tomaszewski M, Andrusiewicz M, Urbaniak P, Czarnecka Klos R, Shadi M, et al. Expression of Estrogen Receptor Coactivator Proline-, Glutamic Acid- and Leucine-Rich Protein 1 within Paraspinal Muscles in Adolescents with Idiopathic Scoliosis. PLoS ONE. 2016;11:e0152286 pubmed publisher detect and assess the estrogen receptor (ESR) coactivator PELP1 expression within human paraspinal skeletal muscles in patients suffering from idiopathic scoliosis...
  49. Okada Iwabu M, Yamauchi T, Iwabu M, Honma T, Hamagami K, Matsuda K, et al. A small-molecule AdipoR agonist for type 2 diabetes and short life in obesity. Nature. 2013;503:493-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, orally active AdipoR agonists such as AdipoRon are a promising therapeutic approach for the treatment of obesity-related diseases such as type 2 diabetes. ..
  50. Bastug T, Kuyucak S. Molecular dynamics simulations of membrane proteins. Biophys Rev. 2012;4:271-282 pubmed publisher
    ..proteins-ion channels and transporters-which are responsible for the generation of action potentials in nerves, muscles, and other excitable cells...
  51. Shen B. Vertical diplopia after cataract surgery, overacting, and/or underacting extraocular muscle. Taiwan J Ophthalmol. 2017;7:48-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Although it is generally safe, complications do happen in certain cases including diplopia and strabismus. Ophthalmologists should know about the orbital anatomy and learn to prevent any accidental insult to extraocular muscles.
  52. El Refaey M, Xu L, Gao Y, Canan B, Adesanya T, Warner S, et al. In Vivo Genome Editing Restores Dystrophin Expression and Cardiac Function in Dystrophic Mice. Circ Res. 2017;121:923-929 pubmed publisher
    ..and immunofluorescence data supported the restoration of dystrophin protein expression in dystrophic cardiac muscles to a level approaching 40%...
  53. McKee A, Morley J, Matsumoto A, Vinik A. SARCOPENIA: AN ENDOCRINE DISORDER?. Endocr Pract. 2017;23:1140-1149 pubmed publisher
    ..physical activity, loss of motor neuron units, weight loss, inflammatory cytokines, reduced blood flow to muscles, very low 25(OH) vitamin D levels, and decreased growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor 1...
  54. Kammerer B, Hung T, Baxter R, Teh S. Physiological effects of salinity on Delta Smelt, Hypomesus transpacificus. Fish Physiol Biochem. 2016;42:219-32 pubmed publisher
    ..The cell renewal process takes days, at least over 19 days. In summary, DS are affected by salinities of the LSZ and ≤10 ppt, though they employ physiological strategies to acclimate. ..
  55. Dawood M. The effects of ultrasound and alternating current on the laser penetration in the tissue. Lasers Med Sci. 2016;31:955-64 pubmed publisher
    ..By using this coupling modulation, the capability of increasing the laser penetration depths inside the tissue was confirmed without having to increase their applied power. ..
  56. Ozer K, Horsanali M, Görgel S, Ozbek E. Diabetes is an Important Risk Factor for Metastasis in Non- Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2016;17:105-8 pubmed
    ..Therefore such patients must be followed-up carefully and early cystectomy decision may be necessary. Further prospective studies with more patients are needed to confirm these findings. ..
  57. Bauman W, La Fountaine M, Cirnigliaro C, Kirshblum S, Spungen A. Lean tissue mass and energy expenditure are retained in hypogonadal men with spinal cord injury after discontinuation of testosterone replacement therapy. J Spinal Cord Med. 2015;38:38-47 pubmed publisher
  58. Li S, Zhang P, Freibaum B, Kim N, Kolaitis R, Molliex A, et al. Genetic interaction of hnRNPA2B1 and DNAJB6 in a Drosophila model of multisystem proteinopathy. Hum Mol Genet. 2016;25:936-50 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate both genetic and physical interactions between disease-linked RBPs and DNAJB6/mrj, suggesting etiologic overlap between the pathogenesis of hIBM and LGMD initiated by mutations in hnRNPA2B1 and DNAJB6. ..
  59. Ye X, Wang M, Xiao H. Echo intensity of the rectus femoris in stable COPD patients. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2017;12:3007-3015 pubmed publisher
    ..was to investigate whether echo intensity of the rectus femoris when measured using ultrasound can distinguish muscles affected by COPD compared with healthy non-COPD affected muscles and whether the severity of ultrasonic ..
  60. Pelosi L, Berardinelli M, De Pasquale L, Nicoletti C, D Amico A, Carvello F, et al. Functional and Morphological Improvement of Dystrophic Muscle by Interleukin 6 Receptor Blockade. EBioMedicine. 2015;2:285-93 pubmed publisher
    ..This resulted in a functional homeostatic maintenance of dystrophic muscle. These data provide an alternative pharmacological strategy for treatment of DMD and circumvent the major problems associated with conventional therapy. ..
  61. Von Morze C, Bok R, Ohliger M, Zhu Z, Vigneron D, Kurhanewicz J. Hyperpolarized [(13)C]ketobutyrate, a molecular analog of pyruvate with modified specificity for LDH isoforms. Magn Reson Med. 2016;75:1894-900 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate (13) C hyperpolarization of ?-ketobutyrate (?KB), an endogenous molecular analog of pyruvate, and its in vivo enzymatic conversion via lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) using localized MR spectroscopy...
  62. Kumar R, Madanikia S, Starmer H, Yang W, Murano E, Alcorn S, et al. Radiation dose to the floor of mouth muscles predicts swallowing complications following chemoradiation in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Oral Oncol. 2014;50:65-70 pubmed publisher
    ..dose to the larynx and pharyngeal constrictors has been the focus of swallowing complications, the suprahyoid muscles, or floor of mouth (FoM) muscles, are critical for hyoid and laryngeal elevation and effective bolus diversion, ..
  63. Bessey C, Vanderklift M. Drying method has no substantial effect on ?(15)N or ?(13)C values of muscle tissue from teleost fishes. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2014;28:265-73 pubmed publisher
    ..The goal of this study was to determine if three different drying methods commonly used to prepare samples for SIA yielded different ?(15)N and ?(13)C values...
  64. Lima F, Swift J, Greene E, Allen M, Cunningham D, Braby L, et al. Exposure to Low-Dose X-Ray Radiation Alters Bone Progenitor Cells and Bone Microarchitecture. Radiat Res. 2017;188:433-442 pubmed publisher
    ..A better understanding of the effects of radiation on osteoprogenitor cell populations could lead to more effective therapeutic interventions that protect bone integrity for individuals exposed to low-dose ionizing radiation. ..
  65. Strong R, Halsall C, Ferenčík M, Jones K, Shore R, Martin F. Biospectroscopy reveals the effect of varying water quality on tadpole tissues of the common frog (Rana temporaria). Environ Pollut. 2016;213:322-337 pubmed publisher
    ..This study highlights the use of IR spectroscopy, a low-cost, rapid and reagent-free technique in the biomonitoring of a class of organisms susceptible to environmental degradation. ..
  66. Lan Z, Richard S, Liu J, You C. Chiari type I malformation with cervicothoracic syringomyelia subterfuge as flail arm syndrome. Neurol Int. 2017;9:7336 pubmed publisher
    ..limbs, he had bilateral corresponding severe weakness of 0/5 proximal strength and 0/5 strength in his distal muscles. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an enlargement of the spinal cord from C1-C4 level with a mass that ..
  67. Cribbin K, Quackenbush C, Taylor K, Arias Rodriguez L, Kelley J. Sex-specific differences in transcriptome profiles of brain and muscle tissue of the tropical gar. BMC Genomics. 2017;18:283 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, the transcriptome assembly will open future research avenues on tropical gar development, cell function, environmental resistance, and evolution in the context of other early vertebrates. ..
  68. Ordan E, Volk T. Cleaved Slit directs embryonic muscles. Fly (Austin). 2015;9:82-5 pubmed publisher
    The formation of functional musculoskeletal system relies on proper connectivity between muscles and their corresponding tendon cells...
  69. Kagaya K, Patek S. Feed-forward motor control of ultrafast, ballistic movements. J Exp Biol. 2016;219:319-33 pubmed publisher
    ..We collected high-speed images of strike mechanics and electromyograms of the extensor and flexor muscles that control spring compression and latch release...
  70. Kéver L, Boyle K, Bolen G, Dragicevic B, Dulcic J, Parmentier E. Modifications in call characteristics and sonic apparatus morphology during puberty in Ophidion rochei (Actinopterygii: Ophidiidae). J Morphol. 2014;275:650-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Their internal sonic apparatuses, however, are complex: three pairs of sonic muscles, and highly modified vertebrae and ribs are involved in sound production...
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    ..These results can help to better understand the molecular mechanisms of hypoxic tolerance and speed up the selective breeding process of hypoxia tolerance in L. vannamei. ..
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    ..Also is useful to create automatically an unsupervised segmentation in mammograms without stage of training. ..
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    ..It is contemplated that the identification of these proteins and their significance for the measured texture will contribute to further understanding of the Atlantic salmon muscle texture...
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    ..of the Cre is detectable in the urogenital system and the hindgut, primarily in the epithelium and smooth muscles. Together our data show that the Hoxa13:Cre allele is a useful tool for conditional gene manipulation in the ..
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    ..To explore associations between low muscle mass and a wide range of lifestyle, dietary and cardiovascular risk factors in older men including metabolic risk factors, markers of inflammation, endothelial dysfunction and coagulation...
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