broad ligament

Summary

Summary: A broad fold of peritoneum that extends from the side of the uterus to the wall of the pelvis.

Top Publications

  1. Guillem P, Cordonnier C, Bounoua F, Adams P, Duval G. Small bowel incarceration in a broad ligament defect. Surg Endosc. 2003;17:161-2 pubmed
    ..The intestinal loop was reduced and the broad ligament defect was closed with a laparoscopic absorbable clip...
  2. Young R. Neoplasms of the fallopian tube and broad ligament: a selective survey including historical perspective and emphasising recent developments. Pathology. 2007;39:112-24 pubmed
    ..Brief consideration then follows of certain other tubal and paratubal neoplasms including those of the broad ligament, emphasising issues in differential diagnosis.
  3. Chmaj Wierzchowska K, Buks J, Wierzchowski M, Szymanowski K, Opala T. Leiomyoma cellulare in the broad ligament of the uterus--case report and review of literature. Ginekol Pol. 2012;83:301-4 pubmed
    ..The most common histopathological form is the leiomyoma and the least common is the cellular leiomyoma (< 5%)...
  4. Fukuoka M, Tachibana S, Harada N, Saito H. Strangulated herniation through a defect in the broad ligament. Surgery. 2002;131:232-3 pubmed
  5. Kanbur A, Ahmed K, Bux B, Hande T. Jejunal obstruction and perforation resulting from herniation through broad ligament. J Postgrad Med. 2000;46:189-90 pubmed
    Internal herniation of small bowel through broad ligament causing obstruction is rare. A case of jejunal herniation through broad ligament defect with resultant obstruction and perforation is presented.
  6. Dadhwal V, Kochhar S, Vimala N, Singh M, Mittal S. An unusual cyst in the broad ligament. Trop Doct. 2002;32:114-5 pubmed
  7. Seoud M, Cheaib S, Birjawi G, Tawil A, Jamali F. Successful treatment of severe retro-peritoneal bleeding with recombinant factor VIIa in women with placenta percreta invading into the left broad ligament: unusual repeated ante-partum intra-abdominal bleeding. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2010;36:183-6 pubmed publisher
    ..repeated ante-partum intra-abdominal bleedings in a woman with placenta percreta invading into the left broad ligament, in whom recombinant factor VIIa was effective for controlling severe retro-peritoneal bleeding...
  8. Vo T, Gyaneshwar R, Mayer C. Concurrent sigmoid volvulus and herniation through broad ligament defect during pregnancy: case report and literature review. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2008;34:658-62 pubmed publisher
    ..The combination of sigmoid volvulus and sigmoid herniation through a broad ligament together with placental abruption in pregnancy is a most unusual obstetrical emergency...
  9. Rys J, Karolewski K, Pudełek J, Kruczak A, Wasilewska A, Vogelgesang M, et al. Perivascular epithelioid tumor (PEComa) of the falciform/ broad ligament. Pol J Pathol. 2008;59:211-5 pubmed
    PEComas localized in the region of falciform ligament and broad ligament are exceedingly rare. Most of them are built of spindle neoplastic cells. We report a case of epithelioid PEComa of the falciform ligament and/or broad ligament...

More Information

Publications90

  1. Bouraoui S, Mlika M, Blel A, Kamoun H, Mzabi Regaya S. Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma of the broad ligament. Pathologica. 2008;100:478-81 pubmed
    Sarcomas of the broad ligament are exceptionally rare. To our knowledge, the present case is the first description of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) occurring in the broad ligament...
  2. Muffly T, Vadlamani I, Weed J. Massive leiomyoma of the broad ligament. Obstet Gynecol. 2007;109:563-5 pubmed
    A primary broad ligament leiomyoma weighing greater than 50 kg presented unique perioperative complications.
  3. Whittemore D, Grondahl R, Wong K. Primary extraneural myxopapillary ependymoma of the broad ligament. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2005;129:1338-42 pubmed
    ..Four such ependymomas reported in the literature involve the paraovarian tissues, including 2 broad ligament ependymomas...
  4. Fink D, Marsden D, Edwards L, Camaris C, Hacker N. Malignant perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) arising in the broad ligament. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2004;14:1036-9 pubmed
    ..We report the case of a 51-year-old woman with a PEComa arising in the broad ligament. She was treated with total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, omentectomy, and pelvic ..
  5. Kim H, Lim S, Choi H, Park K. Malignant clear-cell myomelanocytic tumor of broad ligament--a case report. Virchows Arch. 2006;448:867-70 pubmed
    ..tan-gray mass with heavily dark pigmentation, massive hemorrhage, and necrosis, and was located in the right broad ligament attached to the right ovary...
  6. Hiraiwa K, Morozumi K, Miyazaki H, Sotome K, Furukawa A, Nakamaru M. Strangulated hernia through a defect of the broad ligament and mobile cecum: a case report. World J Gastroenterol. 2006;12:1479-80 pubmed
    ..laparotomy revealed mobile cecum and a 20-cm length of the ileum herniated into a defect of the right broad ligament. As a gangrenous change was recognized in the incarcerated bowel, its resection was carried out,followed by ..
  7. Sakai Y. Granulosa cell tumor arising in the wall of müllerian cyst of the broad ligament: report of a case and immunohistochemical study. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2007;275:145-8 pubmed
    A unique case of granulosa cell tumor arising in a müllerian cyst of the broad ligament in a 57-year-old woman is presented. The surgically resected unilocular cyst, measuring 9.5 x 9.5 x 6.5 cm3, situated within the right broad ligament...
  8. Handa Y, Kato H, Kaneuchi M, Saitoh Y, Yamashita K. High-grade broad ligament cancer of müllerian origin: immunohistochemical analysis of a case and review of the literature. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2007;17:705-9 pubmed
    Malignant neoplasms arising in the broad ligament are quite unusual. Although tens of broad ligament cancers of low potential malignancy have been documented, there have been only two reports of high-grade cases...
  9. Duhan N, Singh S, Kadian Y, Duhan U, Rajotia N, Sangwan N. Primary leiomyosarcoma of broad ligament: case report and review of literature. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2009;279:705-8 pubmed publisher
    Primary leiomyosarcoma of the broad ligament (LBL) is a very rare and highly malignant gynecological tumor.
  10. Kolusari A, Ugurluer G, Kosem M, Kurdoglu M, Yildizhan R, Adali E. Leiomyosarcoma of the broad ligament: a case report and review of the literature. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2009;30:332-4 pubmed
    Leiomyosarcoma of the broad ligament is a rare tumour, since only 15 cases have been reported thus far in the English literature. We describe the case of a 35-year-old patient with primary leiomyosarcoma of the broad ligament...
  11. Kir G, Eren S, Akoz I, Kir M. Leiomyosarcoma of the broad ligament arising in a pre-existing pure neurilemmoma-like leiomyoma. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2003;24:505-6 pubmed
    A 35-year-old woman presented with an adnexal mass which came out as a leiomyosarcoma of the broad ligament arising in a pre-existing pure neurilemmoma-like leiomyoma...
  12. Kuo K, Chen M, Lin M. Epithelioid trophoblastic tumor of the broad ligament: a case report and review of the literature. Am J Surg Pathol. 2004;28:405-9 pubmed
    ..tumor, a recently delineated type of gestational trophoblastic tumor (GTT), discovered in the right broad ligament of a 41-year-old woman...
  13. Falconi M, Crippa S, Sargenti M, Capelli P, Pederzoli P. Pancreatic metastasis from leiomyosarcoma of the broad ligament of the uterus. Lancet Oncol. 2006;7:94-5 pubmed
  14. Murialdo R, Usset A, Guido T, Carli F, Boccardo F, Amoroso D. Leiomyosarcoma of the broad ligament: a case report and review of literature. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2005;15:1226-9 pubmed
    Leiomyosarcoma of the broad ligament is a rare tumor, since only 12 cases have been reported so far in the literature...
  15. Bonis R, Domínguez T, Calatayud F, Jiménez E, Piris M, López Lucendo N. [Pelvic PEcoma of the broad ligament with lymph node metastasis: case report and bibliographic review]. Arch Esp Urol. 2008;61:744-8 pubmed
    ..We describe and document the first case of PEcoma published in Spain following the PubMed database. We review the bibliography about these tumors...
  16. Arora P, Rao S, Khurana N, Talwar D, Tanwar R. Malignant mixed Mullerian tumor of broad ligament with synchronous ovarian and endometrial carcinoma: a rare association. J Cancer Res Ther. 2011;7:88-91 pubmed publisher
    ..We recently encountered an MMMT of broad ligament which is associated with papillary serous cystadenocarcinoma of the ovary and endometrioid adenocarcinoma ..
  17. Sinha R, Sundaram M, Hegde A, Mahajan C. Pelvic schwannoma masquerading as broad ligament myoma. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2008;15:217-9 pubmed publisher
    Two cases of pelvic schwannoma appeared as broad ligament myoma. Laparoscopic myomectomy was planned for both patients in view of suspected broad ligament myoma...
  18. Lee K, Wah H. Primary Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors arising from the broad ligament. Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2005;24:377-81 pubmed
    We report a case of a primary Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors (ESFT) that was an incidental finding in the broad ligament of a 53-year-old woman...
  19. Liang Y, Hao Q, Wu Y, Wu B. Uterus-like mass in the left broad ligament misdiagnosed as a malformation of the uterus: a case report of a rare condition and review of the literature. Fertil Steril. 2010;93:1347.e13-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To describe a rare extrauterine mass of an unknown origin that was composed of smooth muscle with a central cavity lined by endometrium, which resembled a uterus...
  20. Siow A, Chern B, Soong Y. Successful laparoscopic treatment of an abdominal pregnancy in the broad ligament. Singapore Med J. 2004;45:88-9 pubmed
    ..We present the first report of successful laparoscopic treatment of a 6.5 cm abdominal pregnancy located in the broad ligament of a 25-year-old woman.
  21. Papachatzopoulos S, Theodoridis T, Zafrakas M, Nikolakopoulos P, Molibas E. Broad ligament leiomyosarcoma in a premenopausal nulliparous woman: case report and review of the literature. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2009;30:452-4 pubmed
    Leiomyosarcomas of the broad ligament of the uterus are extremely rare tumors. Most of the time they are diagnosed in older women and despite radical surgical treatment prognosis is dismal...
  22. Attarde V, Patil P, Chaudhari R, Zope N, Apte A. Sonographic findings of uterine rupture with expulsion of the fetus into broad ligament. J Clin Ultrasound. 2009;37:50-2 pubmed publisher
    We report the sonographic findings of a rare case of uterine rupture with extrusion of the fetus into the broad ligament during a second-trimester abortion...
  23. Chopin N, Vieira M, Borghese B, Foulot H, Dousset B, Coste J, et al. Operative management of deeply infiltrating endometriosis: results on pelvic pain symptoms according to a surgical classification. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2005;12:106-12 pubmed
    ..These results are observed whatever the main location of DIE lesions. The patients' preoperative characteristics have no significant influence on the result. ..
  24. Rao Q, Cheng L, Xia Q, Liu B, Li L, Shi Q, et al. Cathepsin K expression in a wide spectrum of perivascular epithelioid cell neoplasms (PEComas): a clinicopathological study emphasizing extrarenal PEComas. Histopathology. 2013;62:642-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Twenty-three cases of PEComa (liver, n = 9; lung, n = 1; broad ligament of uterus, n = 1; vertex subcutaneous soft tissue, n = 1; abdominal wall, n = 1; and kidney, n = 10) were ..
  25. Itonaga Y, Nishida M, Matsumoto H, Nasu K, Narahara H. A Case of Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Developing from the Broad Ligament of the Uterus. Rare Tumors. 2017;9:6958 pubmed publisher
    ..More rarely, NEC develops in gynecologic organs, with poor prognoses. We experienced a case of NEC in the broad ligament of the uterus. The patient was a 74-year-old woman with symptoms of abdominal distension and constipation...
  26. Kato T, Murakami G, Yabuki Y. Does the cardinal ligament of the uterus contain a nerve that should be preserved in radical hysterectomy?. Anat Sci Int. 2002;77:161-8 pubmed
    ..The present results provide a new perspective for nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy with extensive lateral parametrial dissection of the CL. ..
  27. Rogoszewski M, Fuchs R, Bednarczyk K, Szmit C, Szuścik P. [Peritoneal hemorrhage after rupture of the uterine ligament latum venous plexus during the 26th week of pregnancy]. Ginekol Pol. 2001;72:160-2 pubmed
    ..Attention is called to diagnostic difficulties of this complication and methods of controlling venous bleeding are discussed. ..
  28. Mathew M, Nayal B, Rao L, Nagel B. Broad Ligament Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Tumor (PEComa) of Uncertain Malignant Potential. Turk Patoloji Derg. 2016;32:44-6 pubmed publisher
    ..They have an unpredictable behavior. Accurate diagnosis and long-term follow-up is therefore essential in these patients. We report this case of PEComa of uncertain malignant potential in an unusual location with excellent prognosis. ..
  29. Moerman P, Amant F, Vergote I. Mesonephric (Wolffian) Pseudoendometrioid Carcinoma of the Broad Ligament, Arising From a Papillary Cystadenoma. Int J Surg Pathol. 2016;24:635-9 pubmed publisher
    This article describes the case of a 70-year-old woman with an adnexal cystadenocarcinoma located in the right broad ligament and displaying a striking resemblance to a well-differentiated endometrioid adenocarcinoma...
  30. Huang K, Adlan A, Lee C, Lertvikool S. Isolated broad ligament leiomyomatosis. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2011;37:1510-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Laparoscopic surgery revealed a right-sided broad ligament myoma consisting of multiple soft and diffused fibroids, of more than 400 in total...
  31. Yang M, Cidan L, Zhang D. Retroperitoneal ectopic pregnancy: a case report and review of the literature. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2017;17:358 pubmed publisher
    ..to the left sacrocervical ligament, anterior to the left ovarian fossa, and next to the lower edge of the left broad ligament. The patient was diagnosed of having REP with the gestational tissues covered by the peritoneum...
  32. Duckett R, Pillai M, Marsh L. A case of spontaneous broad ligament haematoma. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2007;27:448-49 pubmed
  33. Singh R, Pavithran N, Nanda S. Plastic reconstruction of a mega vesicovaginal fistula using broad ligament flaps--a new technique. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2003;14:62-3 pubmed
    Anew technique is described where medially based flaps raised from anterior folds of broad ligament were used to close a mega vesicovaginal fistula in a 35-year-old woman, with a successful outcome.
  34. Xu S, Tang Y. [A case of stromal tumors of ligamentum latum uteri]. Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2005;30:91, 112 pubmed
  35. Itoga T, Matsumoto T, Suzuki C, Miyazaki R, Kurosaki Y, Suda K, et al. Peritoneal endometriosis in the broad ligament presenting as a large tumor. Pathol Int. 2002;52:410-5 pubmed
    Peritoneal endometriosis presenting as a tumor is very rare. A case of peritoneal endometriosis in the broad ligament presenting as a large tumor is reported...
  36. Pacheco K, Fortes de Oliveira M. The Prevalence of Ovarian Varices in Patients with Endometriosis. Ann Vasc Surg. 2016;34:135-43 pubmed publisher
    ..The researchers attempted to identify the anechoic, circular, linear, and non-pulsatile structures in the broad ligament of the uterus...
  37. Zacharia T, O Neill M. Prevalence and distribution of adnexal findings suggesting endometriosis in patients with MR diagnosis of adenomyosis. Br J Radiol. 2006;79:303-7 pubmed
    ..in any of nine locations (uterine serosa, right and left ovary, right and left fallopian tube, right and left broad ligament, and right and left pelvic side wall)...
  38. Nozoe T, Anai H. Incarceration of small bowel herniation through a defect of the broad ligament of the uterus: report of a case. Surg Today. 2002;32:834-5 pubmed
    Intestinal herniation through a defect in the broad ligament of the uterus is uncommon among internal herniations...
  39. Mahmoud M. Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Trachelectomy: A Standard Technique. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2017;24:895 pubmed publisher
    ..creating a bladder flap and pushing the bladder down beyond the vaginal cuff, opening the remnant of the broad ligament and delineating the course of cervical branch of the uterine artery and ureter bilaterally, inserting a ..
  40. Reza J, Mohammad S. [Strangulation of the small bowel due to a defect in the broad ligament]. Ugeskr Laeger. 2006;168:390-1 pubmed
    A defect in the broad ligament may be congenital or acquired. Due to such a defect, an internal hernia may develop. This usually involves the small bowel...
  41. Moawad G, Abi KhalIL E, Samuel D. Robotic Cerclage in Advanced-stage Endometriosis. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2016;23:1026-1027 pubmed publisher
    ..A window was created in the posterior leaf of the right broad ligament lateral to the cervicouterine junction and medial to the ureter...
  42. Dubuisson J, Popescu S, Dubuisson J, Petignat P. Preventive Uterine Artery Occlusion: Benefits of the Laparoscopic Posterior Approach. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2016;23:296 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose to access the uterine artery via a posterior approach at the posterior and inferior level of the broad ligament. The peritoneum is opened after previous identification of the uterine artery and the ureter by transparency...
  43. Yildiz P, Cengiz H, Yıldız G, Sam A, Yavuzcan A, Celikbas B, et al. Two unusual clinical presentations of broad-ligament leiomyomas: a report of two cases. Medicina (Kaunas). 2012;48:163-5 pubmed
    ..The differential diagnosis of broad-ligament leiomyoma should be considered in cases of an adnexal mass. Additionally, a broad-ligament leiomyoma could be the reason for an ectopic pregnancy. ..
  44. Takeyama H, Kogita Y, Nishigaki T, Yamashita M, Aikawa E, Hoshi M, et al. Broad ligament hernia successfully repaired by single-incision laparoscopy: A case report. Asian J Endosc Surg. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..Multi-detector CT of the abdomen showed discontinuity of the sigmoid colon near the broad ligament on the left side...
  45. Milam M, Gabel S, Milam R, Liu J, Ramirez P. Neoadjuvant bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin in adult neuroblastoma arising from the broad ligament of the uterus. Gynecol Oncol. 2007;107:350-4 pubmed
    A case of primary neuroblastoma arising from the broad ligament with excellent response to neoadjuvant bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin (BEP) is reported...
  46. Miyoshi A, Miyatake T, Hara T, Komiya S, Komura N, Tanaka A, et al. Rare Primary Adenocarcinoma of the Broad Ligament: Report of Two Cases and a Literature Review. Int J Surg Pathol. 2016;24:436-42 pubmed publisher
    Malignant primary tumors arising in the uterine broad ligament are extremely rare, and only 26 cases have been reported to date...
  47. Tamiolakis D, Venizclos J, Karamanidis D, Prassopoulos P, Papadopoulos N. Broad ligament recurrence of ovarian granulosa cell tumour detected by touch imprint cytology. Cytopathology. 2003;14:226-7 pubmed
  48. Zivi E, Maor Sagy E, Ben Shushan A, Rojansky N. [Chronic pelvic pain and Allen-Masters syndrome]. Harefuah. 2009;148:424-6, 477 pubmed
    ..The syndrome associates traumatic delivery to lacerations found on the posterior leaf of the broad Ligament. The authors report the clinical and laparoscopic findings of a female patient who was admitted to their ..
  49. Koh L, Koh P, Lin L, Ng W, Wong E, Huang M. A simple procedure for the prevention of ureteral injury in laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy. J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc. 2004;11:167-9 pubmed
    ..To introduce a surgical technique to minimize the chance of ureteral injury during laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH)...
  50. Hemalatha A, Rao S, Kumar D, Vani M. Papillary serous carcinoma of the broad ligament: a rare case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2007;50:555-7 pubmed
    Primary broad ligament carcinomas unassociated with either uterine or ovarian disease are extremely rare...
  51. Sasano H, Sato S, Yajima A, Akama J, Nagura H. Adrenal rest tumor of the broad ligament: case report with immunohistochemical study of steroidogenic enzymes. Pathol Int. 1997;47:493-6 pubmed
    An adrenal rest tumor of the broad ligament was studied in a 43-year-old woman...
  52. Tapia J. [Vaginal hysterectomy leniens: intrafascial technique]. Gynakol Geburtshilfliche Rundsch. 2004;44:226-32 pubmed
    ..This technique is simple and avoids injury to the ureters. If this operation is successfully performed, postoperative pain is minimal, and hospitalization could be greatly reduced...
  53. Zubor P, Kajo K, Szunyogh N, Galo S, Danko J. A solitary fibrous tumor in the broad ligament of the uterus. Pathol Res Pract. 2007;203:555-60 pubmed
    ..We are the first to report on an unusual case of a large (14cm in the largest diameter) SFT localized in the broad ligament of the uterus in a 50-year-old woman...
  54. Cinel L, Dusmez D, Nabaei S, Taner D, Pata O. Two intraligamentary lipomatous tumors with immunohistochemical features. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2002;81:786-7 pubmed
  55. Nieminen K, Huhtala H, Heinonen P. Anatomic and functional assessment and risk factors of recurrent prolapse after vaginal sacrospinous fixation. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2003;82:471-8 pubmed
    ..To identify risk factors in recurrence and to evaluate anatomic and functional results of vaginal sacrospinous ligament fixation and pelvic floor reconstruction for genital prolapse...
  56. Petrenko V, Shchikunova N. [Local characteristics of lymphangions in human and rat uterine broad ligament]. Morfologiia. 2003;123:64-7 pubmed
    ..investigation was aimed at the evaluation of the shape and myoarchitectonic of of lymphangions in the uterine broad ligament in humans and albino rats...
  57. Mailleux P, Ramboux A. Small bowel obstruction due to an internal herniation through a defect of the broad ligament. JBR-BTR. 2010;93:201-3 pubmed
    We report on a case of internal hernia through a defect of the broad ligament of the uterus. Early diagnostic may be possible with multidetector CT and lead to early treatment...
  58. Clarke B, Rahimi K, Chetty R. Leiomyosarcoma of the broad ligament with osteoclast-like giant cells and rhabdoid cells. Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2010;29:432-7 pubmed publisher
    ..an unusual co-mingling of rhabdoid and osteoclast like giant cells in a leiomyosarcoma arising from the broad ligament. A 38-year old female was found to have a rapidly enlarging adnexal mass which was resected and histologically ..
  59. Brady A, Nayar A, Cross P, Patel A, Naik R, Lee S, et al. A detailed immunohistochemical analysis of 2 cases of papillary cystadenoma of the broad ligament: an extremely rare neoplasm characteristic of patients with von hippel-lindau disease. Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2012;31:133-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease, involving the pelvic soft tissues of women and probably arising within the broad ligament. In only one of the women was there a history of VHL disease...
  60. Fernandez Aguilar S, Saint Aubain N, Dargent J, Fayt I, Noel J. Myolipoma of soft tissue: an unusual tumor with expression of estrogen and progesterone receptors. Report of two cases and review of the literature. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2002;81:1088-90 pubmed
  61. Chatman D. Ferrari et Al. Defects of the broad ligament of the uterus. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2008;15:255-6; author reply 256-7 pubmed publisher
  62. Kato T, Murakami G, Yabuki Y. A new perspective on nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy: nerve topography and over-preservation of the cardinal ligament. Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2003;33:589-91 pubmed
    ..However, our fresh cadaver studies demonstrated that these nerves ran dorsomedially in contrast to the classical concept. The aim of this study is to further validate this finding in clinical cases...
  63. Cevrioglu A, Polat C, Fenkci V, Yilmazer M, Yilmaz S, Dilek O. Laparoscopic management following ultrasonographic-guided drainage in a patient with giant paraovarian cyst. Surg Endosc. 2004;18:346 pubmed
    ..The safety of laparoscopic management of benign paraovarian cysts has been demonstrated, but it is believed that the size of benign paraovarian cysts is a limiting factor for laparoscopic surgery...
  64. Yemelyanova A, Winter W, Seidman J. Venous thrombosis in the broad ligament: is it a predictor of postoperative pulmonary embolism in gynecological cancer patients? A case-control study. Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2004;23:176-9 pubmed
    ..The significance of thrombi in the veins of the broad ligament identified in surgical specimens is unknown...
  65. Le P, Chambon H, Madeuf E. [Internal hernia of the broad ligament]. J Chir (Paris). 2005;142:46-7 pubmed
  66. Fujii S, Takakura K, Matsumura N, Higuchi T, Yura S, Mandai M, et al. Precise anatomy of the vesico-uterine ligament for radical hysterectomy. Gynecol Oncol. 2007;104:186-91 pubmed
    ..To clarify the anatomy of the vesico-uterine ligament (VUL), we meticulously separated the VUL under magnification (x2.5) during Okabayashi's radical hysterectomy...
  67. Barrington J, Arunkalaivanan A, Swart M. Post-colposuspension syndrome following a tension-free vaginal tape procedure. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2002;13:187-8 pubmed
    ..The pain resolved immediately and the woman remained continent. This diagnosis should be considered in a woman presenting with groin pain following a sling procedure...
  68. Dindiaev S, Vinogradov S. [Bioamine-positive structures in the rat mesometrium and their changes in the estrous cycle]. Morfologiia. 2007;132:80-3 pubmed
    ..Regular dynamics of individual bioamine indices was detected during the sexual cycle. The role of mesometrium in the system of uterine extraorganic bioamine supply is discussed...
  69. Takayama S, Hirokawa T, Sakamoto M, Takahashi H, Yamamoto M, Sato M, et al. Laparoscopic management of small bowel incarceration caused by a broad ligament defect: report of a case. Surg Today. 2007;37:437-9 pubmed
    ..We made a provisional diagnosis of an internal hernia through a defect in the broad ligament and performed laparoscopic exploration, which revealed a viable ileal loop incarcerated through the broad ..
  70. Fonseca Coronado R, Robles Elías F, Robles Morales R. [Internal hernia to the broad ligament: report of a rare case solved with laparoscopy and review of the literature]. Ginecol Obstet Mex. 2013;81:658-64 pubmed
    ..an ovarian cyst complication, such as rupture or torsion. After the initial basic diagnostic tests, we decided to do a laparoscopic approach for purposes of diagnosis and treatment...
  71. Syriac S, Durie N, Kesterson J, Lele S, Mhawech Fauceglia P. Female adnexal tumor of probable Wolffian origin (FATWO) with recurrence 3 years postsurgery. Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2011;30:231-5 pubmed publisher
    This is the case report of a 38-year-old woman who presented with a mass of the right broad ligament that was diagnosed as a female adnexal tumor of probable Wollfian origin (FATWO). The patient was treated with a simple mass excision...
  72. Phupong V, Lertkhachonsuk R, Triratanachat S, Sueblinvong T. Pregnancy in the broad ligament. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2003;268:233-5 pubmed
    Pregnancy in the broad ligament is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy, and one type of abdominal pregnancy. The diagnosis is seldom established before surgery...
  73. Tamiolakis D, Anastasiadis P. Metastatic female adnexal tumour of probable Wolffian origin. A histocytopathological correlation. Cytopathology. 2007;18:264-6 pubmed
  74. Chang S, Bristow R, Ryu H. A model for prediction of parametrial involvement and feasibility of less radical resection of parametrium in patients with FIGO stage IB1 cervical cancer. Gynecol Oncol. 2012;126:82-6 pubmed publisher
  75. Audifred Salomón J, Herrera Ortiz A, González Medrano M, Estrada Rivera S. [Ectopic intraligamentary pregnancy]. Ginecol Obstet Mex. 2013;81:211-4 pubmed
    ..The patient was admitted and underwent to emergency exploratory laparotomy, which found right paratubaric ectopic pregnancy. The histopathology report was of broad ligament ectopic pregnancy. Specimen of 9 x 8 x 7.5 cm and 200 grams.
  76. Nogales F, Goyenaga P, Preda O, Nicolae A, Vieites B, Ruiz Marcellan M, et al. An analysis of five clear cell papillary cystadenomas of mesosalpinx and broad ligament: four associated with von Hippel-Lindau disease and one aggressive sporadic type. Histopathology. 2012;60:748-57 pubmed publisher
    Clear cell papillary cystadenoma (CCPC) is associated with von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHLD), but rarely involves mesosalpinx and broad ligament (M/BL). This study provides new data about its behaviour and immunophenotype.
  77. Sheth S. A surgical window to access the obliterated posterior cul-de-sac at vaginal hysterectomy. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009;107:244-7 pubmed publisher
    To perform vaginal hysterectomy and adnexectomy without laparoscopic assistance in women with ovarian endometriosis by accessing the posterior cul-de-sac via the posterior uterocervical-broad ligament space.
  78. Soleymani Majd H, Ismail L, Desai S, Reginald P. Epithelioid cotyledonoid dissecting leiomyoma: a case report and review of the literature. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2011;283:771-4 pubmed publisher
    ..appearance and demonstrate apparent widespread infiltrative growth and extension into the pelvic cavity, broad ligament and retroperitoneal space which may raise significant concern about the possibility of a malignant neoplasm...
  79. Kinkel K, Frei K, Balleyguier C, Chapron C. Diagnosis of endometriosis with imaging: a review. Eur Radiol. 2006;16:285-98 pubmed
    ..Anterior locations benefit from the possibility of MRI urography sequences within the same examination. Rare locations and possible transformation into malignancy are discussed...
  80. Abdul M, Tabari A, Kabiru D, Hamidu N. Broad ligament pregnancy: a report of two cases. Ann Afr Med. 2008;7:86-7 pubmed
    b>Broad ligament pregnancy is a rare event and diagnosis is often late in our setting. Two multiparous women in early thirties presented for routine antenatal care. Routine ultrasonography revealed midtrimester abdominal pregnancies...
  81. Kim D, Lee J, Bae D. Clinical analysis of pelviscopic classic intrafascial Semm hysterectomy. J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc. 1995;2:289-97 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the efficacy of pelviscopic classic intrafascial Semm hysterectomy (CISH)...