jaw abnormalities


Summary: Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the jaw.

Top Publications

  1. Relle R, Silegy T. Orthognathic surgery: diagnosis and treatment of dentofacial deformities. J Calif Dent Assoc. 2004;32:831-6 pubmed
    ..Corrective jaw (orthognathic) surgery is indicated for patients with a malocclusion caused by a skeletal deformity. This paper will discuss current concepts in patient evaluation and review contemporary surgical treatment...
  2. Lippold C, Kruse Losler B, Danesh G, Joos U, Meyer U. Treatment of hemimandibular hyperplasia: the biological basis of condylectomy. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007;45:353-60 pubmed
    ..We conclude that condylectomy can correct hemimandibular hyperplasia, even in patients with active condylar growth, by removing the underlying disease. ..
  3. Trumpp A, Depew M, Rubenstein J, Bishop J, Martin G. Cre-mediated gene inactivation demonstrates that FGF8 is required for cell survival and patterning of the first branchial arch. Genes Dev. 1999;13:3136-48 pubmed
    ..Because the mutant mice resemble humans with first arch syndromes that include agnathia, our results raise the possibility that some of these syndromes are caused by mutations that affect FGF8 signaling in BA1 ectoderm...
  4. Maloney W. Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria syndrome: its presentation in F. Scott Fitzgerald's short story 'The Curious Case of Benjamin Button' and its oral manifestations. J Dent Res. 2009;88:873-6 pubmed publisher
  5. Matsui K, Echigo S, Kimizuka S, Takahashi M, Chiba M. Clinical study on eruption of permanent canines after secondary alveolar bone grafting. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2005;42:309-13 pubmed
    ..The present results suggest that nasal-side cleft width is related to the need for surgical exposure of permanent canines in children with cleft lip/palate. ..
  6. Tieghi R, Galiè M, Piersanti L, Clauser L. Bilateral hyperplasia of the coronoid processes: clinical report. J Craniofac Surg. 2005;16:723-6 pubmed
    ..The authors describe two cases of bilateral hyperplasia of the coronoid processes that were successfully treated. ..
  7. Grimes A, Erwin K, Stadt H, Hunter G, Gefroh H, Tsai H, et al. PCB126 exposure disrupts zebrafish ventricular and branchial but not early neural crest development. Toxicol Sci. 2008;106:193-205 pubmed publisher
    ..HLHS is a severe congenital cardiovascular malformation that has previously been linked to industrial releases of dioxins and PCBs. ..
  8. Terajima M, Endo M, Aoki Y, Yuuda K, Hayasaki H, Goto T, et al. Four-dimensional analysis of stomatognathic function. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2008;134:276-87 pubmed publisher
    ..We believe that our 4D analyzing system will be useful for diagnosing temporomandibular disorders of patients with jaw deformities and other malocclusions. ..
  9. Avelar R, Becker O, Dolzan A, Goelzer J, Haas O, de Oliveira R. Correction of facial asymmetry resulting from hemimandibular hyperplasia: surgical steps to the esthetic result. J Craniofac Surg. 2012;23:1898-900 pubmed publisher

More Information

Publications113 found, 100 shown here

  1. Limbrock G, Hoyer H, Scheying H. Regulation therapy by Castillo-Morales in children with Down syndrome: primary and secondary orofacial pathology. ASDC J Dent Child. 1990;57:437-41 pubmed
    ..A synopsis of the most important disorders in children with Down syndrome is given. Findings that relate to malfunction are summed up; these findings can be influenced by Orofacial Regulation Therapy. ..
  2. Nissen R, Yan J, Amsterdam A, Hopkins N, Burgess S. Zebrafish foxi one modulates cellular responses to Fgf signaling required for the integrity of ear and jaw patterning. Development. 2003;130:2543-54 pubmed
    ..We propose that correct placement of survival/proliferation cues is essential for shaping the pharyngeal cartilages and that evolutionary links between jaw and ear formation can be traced to Fgf-Foxi1-Pax8 pathways. ..
  3. Lertsirivorakul J, Hall R. Solitary median maxillary central incisor syndrome occurring together with oromandibular-limb hypogenesis syndrome type 1: a case report of this previously unreported combination of syndromes. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2008;18:306-11 pubmed publisher
    ..This syndrome has been recorded in association with many other midline developmental anomalies and several known syndromes. Its presence, together with oromandibular-limb hypogenesis syndrome type 1, has not previously been reported...
  4. Glowacki J, Christoph K. Gender differences in the growing, abnormal, and aging jaw. Dent Clin North Am. 2013;57:263-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Gender-specific differences are also apparent in the aging jaw, with the acceleration of jawbone atrophy upon loss of teeth, especially in women. ..
  5. Scheutzel P. Oculodentodigital syndrome: report of a case. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 1991;20:175-8 pubmed
    ..There were widespread pulp denticles and hypercementosis throughout the dentition. Both the patient and his mother had coronoid hypoplasia. ..
  6. Borgström M, Riise R, Tornqvist K, Granath L. Anomalies in the permanent dentition and other oral findings in 29 individuals with Laurence-Moon-Bardet-Biedl syndrome. J Oral Pathol Med. 1996;25:86-9 pubmed
    ..In addition, the saliva showed a buffering capacity higher than normal. In conclusion, there seem to exist disturbances of both dental and skeletal formation in the LMBB syndrome. ..
  7. Wittenborn W, Panchal J, Marsh J, Sekar K, Gurley J. Neonatal distraction surgery for micrognathia reduces obstructive apnea and the need for tracheotomy. J Craniofac Surg. 2004;15:623-30 pubmed
    ..The mean follow-up interval was 16.5 months (range: 8-48 months). Neonatal distraction is an effective method for treatment of micrognathia with obstructive sleep apnea in the perinatal period in preventing a tracheotomy. ..
  8. Shah A, Sandler J. Limiting factors in orthodontic treatment: 2. The biological limitations of orthodontic treatment. Dent Update. 2006;33:100-2, 105-6, 108-10 pubmed
    ..This article provides a brief outline of these limitations. ..
  9. Yoshioka W, Peterson R, Tohyama C. Molecular targets that link dioxin exposure to toxicity phenotypes. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2011;127:96-101 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings may not only begin to clarify the molecular targets of dioxin action but shed light on new molecular events associated with development and disease. ..
  10. Nakano H, Mishima K, Ueda Y, Matsushita A, Suga H, Miyawaki Y, et al. A new method for determining the optimal CT threshold for extracting the upper airway. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2013;42:26397438 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, the no error values were -460?HU and -470?HU. We consider that the most suitable upper threshold level for extracting the airway is from -460?HU to -470?HU. ..
  11. Rawal Y, Rosebush M, Rawal S, Anderson K. Mandibular abnormalities in a patient with neurofibromatosis type 1. J Tenn Dent Assoc. 2012;92:29-31; quiz 32-3 pubmed
    ..In some cases, the diagnosis can be made at birth while in others the diagnosis is made later in life based on the appearance of additional criteria. We describe radiographic abnormalities of the mandible in a young adult male with NF1. ..
  12. Schepers R, Raghoebar G, Vissink A, Lahoda L, van der Meer W, Roodenburg J, et al. [Three dimensional technology and reconstructions of large defects of the jaw]. Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd. 2013;120:462-8 pubmed
    ..The use of saw, drill and positioning templates provides for accurate segmentation and implant positioning, by means of which the reconstruction can be carried out in a predictable way. ..
  13. Evans J, Phillips S, Reed M, Chodirker B. Severe acro-renal-uterine-mandibular syndrome. Am J Med Genet. 2000;93:67-73 pubmed
    ..1994; Am J Med Genet 53:102-107 appear to be additional cases of this very rare disorder, the pathogenesis of which may be related to abnormal epithelial-mesenchymal interactions. ..
  14. Han S, Wang Y, Song T. [Application of iliac cancellous and chondral bone to repair the cleft of alveolar process and the nasal deformity at the same time]. Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2004;20:248-51 pubmed
    ..It can also eliminate the psychological obstacle of the patients at an early stage. ..
  15. Mazzone N, Matteini C, Incisivo V, Belli E, Evaristo B. Temporomandibular joint disorders and maxillomandibular malformations: role of condylar "repositionin" plate. J Craniofac Surg. 2009;20:909-15 pubmed
  16. Stefănescu I, Zetu I, Rusu M. [Effect of adverse oral habits on the development of the dentomaxillary system]. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi. 2011;115:567-71 pubmed
    ..Suppression of vicious habits by methods of awareness, myogymnastic and functional reducing exercises are the first steps of early functional treatment for dentomaxillary anomalies. ..
  17. Chassaing N, Sorrentino S, Davis E, Martin Coignard D, Iacovelli A, Paznekas W, et al. OTX2 mutations contribute to the otocephaly-dysgnathia complex. J Med Genet. 2012;49:373-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This study highlights the combined utility of genetics and functional approaches to dissect both the regulatory pathways that govern craniofacial development and the genetics of this disease group. ..
  18. Hermann N, Kreiborg S, Darvann T, Jensen B, Dahl E, Bolund S. Early craniofacial morphology and growth in children with nonsyndromic Robin Sequence. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2003;40:131-43 pubmed
    ..Craniofacial morphology and growth comparisons in children with untreated nonsyndromic Robin Sequence (RS) and a control group with unilateral incomplete cleft lip (UICL) in which the lip was surgically closed at 2 months of age...
  19. Stanton D. Genioplasty. Facial Plast Surg. 2003;19:75-86 pubmed
    ..Because these topics have been discussed extensively in the literature, this will serve as a synopsis of current techniques. ..
  20. Kjaer I, Wagner A, Thomsen L, Holm K. Brain malformation in single median maxillary central incisor. Neuropediatrics. 2009;40:280-3 pubmed publisher
    ..This study focuses on the developmental association between the involved structures and provides guidelines for early diagnostics. ..
  21. Jakobsone G, Stenvik A, Espeland L. Soft tissue response after Class III bimaxillary surgery. Angle Orthod. 2013;83:533-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The mandibular soft tissues closely follow skeletal relapse beyond 2 months postsurgery. The findings have clinical implications for the relative maxillary and mandibular repositioning when planning surgery. ..
  22. Akiyama R, Kawakami H, Taketo M, Evans S, Wada N, Petryk A, et al. Distinct populations within Isl1 lineages contribute to appendicular and facial skeletogenesis through the ?-catenin pathway. Dev Biol. 2014;387:37-48 pubmed publisher
  23. Kainulainen V, Sandor G, Stoneman D. Management of a patient with an accessory maxilla and congenital facial fistula. J Can Dent Assoc. 2005;71:161-3 pubmed
    ..This case report helps identify these unusual developmental lesions so that dentists can refer such patients for definitive care and management. ..
  24. Kunimori K, Harada K, Maruoka Y, Omura K. Orthognathic surgery for a patient with trichorhinophalangeal syndrome type I: a case report. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2006;101:e23-7 pubmed
    ..In this report, we present a patient with TRPS I who successfully underwent orthognathic surgery. In addition, we examined the skeletal stability of the patient for 2 years after the surgery. ..
  25. Lai C, Lu S, Yang S, Teh L, Lee S. Surgical treatment of the synkinetic eyelid closure in Marin-Amat syndrome. Ann Plast Surg. 2011;67:498-501 pubmed publisher
    ..To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to treat Marin-Amat syndrome successfully with surgical resection of preseptal OOM. ..
  26. KING HEIDEN T, Mehta V, Xiong K, Lanham K, Antkiewicz D, Ganser A, et al. Reproductive and developmental toxicity of dioxin in fish. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2012;354:121-38 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that such studies can be used to predict the risks that AHR ligands pose to feral fish populations and provide a platform for integrating risk assessments for both ecologically relevant organisms and humans. ..
  27. Sumiyoshi K, Ishihara Y, Komori H, Yamashiro T, Kamioka H. Orthodontic Treatment of a Patient with Bilateral Congenitally Missing Maxillary Canines: The Effects of First Premolar Substitution on the Functional Outcome. Acta Med Okayama. 2016;70:57-62 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that substituting the first premolars for the canines is an effective option in treating patients with missing canines while maintaining functional goals. ..
  28. Harada K, Sumida E, Enomoto S, Omura K. Post-operative stability of the maxilla treated with Le Fort I and horseshoe osteotomies in bimaxillary surgery. Eur J Orthod. 2002;24:471-6 pubmed
    ..The post-operative change in the maxilla using this combination osteotomy is comparatively stable. ..
  29. Dierks E. No convincing premise for efficacy of prophylactic adenotonsillar ablation. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;131:918 pubmed
  30. Chapuis J, Schramm A, Pappas I, Hallermann W, Schwenzer Zimmerer K, Langlotz F, et al. A new system for computer-aided preoperative planning and intraoperative navigation during corrective jaw surgery. IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed. 2007;11:274-87 pubmed
    ..The system has been applied on one patient. Throughout this procedure, we have experienced improved assessment of pathology, increased precision, and augmented control. ..
  31. Aggarwal V, Sloan P, Horner K, Macfarlane T, Clancy T, Evans G, et al. Dento-osseous changes as diagnostic markers in familial adenomatous polyposis families. Oral Dis. 2003;9:29-33 pubmed
    ..70-0.93) indicated almost perfect agreement. The DPRS is a reproducible and valid index for assessing the diagnostic significance of dentoosseous changes, in individuals at 50% risk of FAP, even in relatively inexperienced hands. ..
  32. De Coster P, Malfait F, Martens L, De Paepe A. Unusual oral findings in dermatosparaxis (Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VIIC). J Oral Pathol Med. 2003;32:568-70 pubmed
    ..The reported anomalies suggest the need for expanding the present phenotypic spectrum. This is the first report on oral findings in the syndrome. ..
  33. Lammer E, Shaw G, Iovannisci D, Van Waes J, Finnell R. Maternal smoking and the risk of orofacial clefts: Susceptibility with NAT1 and NAT2 polymorphisms. Epidemiology. 2004;15:150-6 pubmed
  34. Habersack K, Grimaldi B, Paulus G. Orthodontic orthognathic surgical treatment of a subject with Williams Beuren syndrome a follow-up from 8 to 25 years of age. Eur J Orthod. 2007;29:332-7 pubmed
    ..Early orthodontic treatment approaches, later combined orthodontic-orthognathic surgical procedures, and the status 5 years after surgery are presented. ..
  35. Amoroso G, Adams M, Ventura T, Carter C, Cobcroft J. Skeletal anomaly assessment in diploid and triploid juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and the effect of temperature in freshwater. J Fish Dis. 2016;39:449-66 pubmed publisher
    ..05) lower number of vertebrae and higher prevalence of deformed individuals. These findings (second experiment) suggest ploidy was more influential than temperature in this study. ..
  36. Akiyama M, Okubo T, Yasuo T, Iwasaku K, Kitawaki J. Prenatal diagnosis of agnathia-otocephaly using sonography and magnetic resonance imaging. J Ultrasound Med. 2013;32:1522-4 pubmed publisher
  37. Cheung L, Chow L, Chiu W. A randomized controlled trial of resorbable versus titanium fixation for orthognathic surgery. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2004;98:386-97 pubmed
    ..Bioresorbable fixation devices offer similar function as titanium in fixation for orthognathic surgery and do not impose an increase in the clinical morbidities. ..
  38. Al Bishri A, Barghash Z, Rosenquist J, Sunzel B. Neurosensory disturbance after sagittal split and intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy: as reported in questionnaires and patients' records. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2005;34:247-51 pubmed
    ..Long lasting NSD was reported in 7.5% (questionnaire), 3.8% (record) after IVRO and in 11.6% (questionnaire) and 8.1% (record) after SSO. ..
  39. von Arx T, Bornstein M. [The patent nasopalatine duct. A rare anomaly and diagnostic pitfall]. Schweiz Monatsschr Zahnmed. 2009;119:379-89 pubmed
  40. Terajima M, Furuichi Y, Aoki Y, Goto T, Tokumori K, Nakasima A. A 3-dimensional method for analyzing facial soft-tissue morphology of patients with jaw deformities. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2009;135:715-22 pubmed publisher
    ..This method provides easy-to-understand information for patients and appears to be useful for clinical diagnosis and pretreatment and posttreatment soft-tissue morphologic evaluations of patients with jaw deformities. ..
  41. Sykes J, Amin S, Hatcher D, Kim J. 3D analysis of dentofacial deformities: a new model for clinical application. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2011;19:767-71, x pubmed publisher
    ..An example is shown of changes in the upper lip that occur after Le Fort I osteotomy, illustrating how these soft tissue changes can be measures with the 3D software. Uses and future applications of this technology are described. ..
  42. Alwadei S. Early Orthognathic Surgery: A Review. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2017;18:250-256 pubmed
    Management of growing patients with severe developmental jaw abnormalities can be very difficult. Early surgical intervention may be warranted in situations where function (e.g...
  43. Tsai F, Tsai C, Wang T. Agnathia in one of heterozygous twins. Acta Paediatr Taiwan. 1999;40:443-4 pubmed
    ..Here we report on a pair of twins. The female infant had characteristic malformation complex of agnathia, while her twin brother showed normal appearance eventually. This case is the first reported case of isolated agnathia in twins. ..
  44. Ye X, Guilmatre A, Reva B, Peter I, Heuzé Y, Richtsmeier J, et al. Mutation Screening of Candidate Genes in Patients with Nonsyndromic Sagittal Craniosynostosis. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2016;137:952-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The patient's mother harbored the same variant and was reported with jaw abnormalities. These two variants were not detected in 116 alleles from unaffected controls or seen in the several ..
  45. Shimizu K, Nishino M, Arita K. Cystic lymphangioma: its orofacial manifestations. ASDC J Dent Child. 1999;66:377-82, 366 pubmed
    ..A decision was made to defer treatment of malocclusion until complete surgical excision of the cystic lymphangioma can be undertaken, thereby minimizing the chance of malocclusion re-occurrence...
  46. Mojab C. Congenital torticollis in the nursling. J Hum Lact. 2007;23:12 pubmed
  47. Sannomiya E, Macedo M, Siqueira D, Goldenberg F, Bommarito S. Evaluation of optical density of the midpalatal suture 3 months after surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2007;36:97-101 pubmed
    ..This study evaluated new bone formation at the midpalatal suture after surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) by optical density analysis...
  48. Mortazavi S, Motamedi M. Congenital fusion of the jaws. Indian J Pediatr. 2007;74:416-8 pubmed
    ..Maxillomandibular fusion restricts mouth opening causing problems in feeding, swallowing and respiration. This condition can be easily treated. However, in long-standing cases, growth anomalies from TMJ ankylosis may occur...
  49. Parkins G, Boamah M. Congenital maxillomandibular syngnathia: case report. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2009;37:276-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Cases of combinations of bony or soft tissue adhesions between the mandible and maxilla with cleft of the lip or palate, aglossia, popliteal pterygium and van der Woude syndrome have been reported...
  50. Miloglu O, Yalcin E, Buyukkurt M, Yilmaz A, Harorli A. The frequency of bifid mandibular condyle in a Turkish patient population. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2010;39:42-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate the frequency and pattern of bifid mandibular condyles (BMCs)...
  51. Thuaksuban N, Nuntanaranont T, Pripatnanont P. A comparison of autogenous bone graft combined with deproteinized bovine bone and autogenous bone graft alone for treatment of alveolar cleft. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;39:1175-80 pubmed publisher
    ..05) and their duration of hospital stay was significantly shorter than those in group I (p<0.05). The average operation time, intra-operative blood loss and postoperative pain were less in group II than in group I (p>0.05)...
  52. Kim Y, Cho B, Jung Y, Son W, Park S. Cone-beam computerized tomography evaluation of condylar changes and stability following two-jaw surgery: Le Fort I osteotomy and mandibular setback surgery with rigid fixation. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2011;111:681-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare the changes of the condylar axis, the anteroposterior condylar position relative to the glenoid fossa, and post-2-jaw surgery stability...
  53. Snead M, McNinch A, Poulson A, Bearcroft P, Silverman B, Gomersall P, et al. Stickler syndrome, ocular-only variants and a key diagnostic role for the ophthalmologist. Eye (Lond). 2011;25:1389-400 pubmed publisher
    ..We highlight the recently identified subgroups with a high risk of retinal detachment but with minimal or absent systemic involvement--a particularly important group for the ophthalmologist to identify...
  54. Herman S, Delio M, Morrow B, Samanich J. Agnathia-otocephaly complex: a case report and examination of the OTX2 and PRRX1 genes. Gene. 2012;494:124-9 pubmed publisher
    ..After thorough analysis, no DNA variations were detected. This suggests that mutations in different genes or environmental causes are responsible...
  55. Bennett S, Goonewardene M. Hemimandibular hyperplasia: a rare case of vertical facial asymmetry. A case report. Aust Orthod J. 2012;28:86-93 pubmed
    ..The resulting malocclusion is best managed surgically to address the various facial, skeletal and dental problems that confront clinicians...
  56. Limme M. [Orthognathic and orthodontic consequences of mouth breathing]. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Belg. 1993;47:145-55 pubmed
    ..It seems that the altered postural position of the tongue and of the mandible, needed for oral ventilation, could, by soft-tissue stretching, change the growth pattern of the face...
  57. Iannuzzi L, Di Meo G, Leifsson P, Eggen A, Christensen K. A case of trisomy 28 in cattle revealed by both banding and FISH-mapping techniques. Hereditas. 2001;134:147-51 pubmed
    ..This was confirmed by FISH-mapping with chromosome-specific markers. Phenotypic characteristics achieved in cattle carrier and those earlier reported in humans carrying partial trisomy 10 were discussed...
  58. Teraoka H, Dong W, Ogawa S, Tsukiyama S, Okuhara Y, Niiyama M, et al. 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin toxicity in the zebrafish embryo: altered regional blood flow and impaired lower jaw development. Toxicol Sci. 2002;65:192-9 pubmed
    ..Reductions in hypobranchial RBC perfusion rate occurred well after the initial retardation in lower jaw development had become apparent, and may contribute further to the effect...
  59. Almeida L, Ulbrich L, Togni F. Mandible cleft: report of a case and review of the literature. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2002;60:681-4 pubmed
  60. Ysunza A, Pamplona M, Silva Rojas A, Mazón J, Ramirez E, Canún S, et al. [Sensitivity and specificity of endoscopy for the detection of velocardiofacial syndrome]. Rev Invest Clin. 2004;56:454-9 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this paper is to study the diagnostic efficacy of the endoscopy for the detection of patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome, using as gold standard test the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) test...
  61. Ueki K, Marukawa K, Shimada M, Nakagawa K, Yamamoto E. Change in condylar long axis and skeletal stability following sagittal split ramus osteotomy and intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy for mandibular prognathia. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2005;63:1494-9 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare postsurgical time course changes in condylar long axis and skeletal stability between sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) and intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO)...
  62. Tóth B, Vizkelety T, Kertész E, Gyenes V. [Distractios osteogenesis in maxillofacial surgery]. Fogorv Sz. 2006;99:213-9 pubmed
    ..They also emphasized the difficulties and failure opportunities. Their aim was to make suggestions for the further development of this method in our country...
  63. Fonteles C, Chaves C, Da Silveira A, Soares E, Couto J, de Azevedo M. Cephalometric characteristics and dentofacial abnormalities of pycnodysostosis: report of four cases from Brazil. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2007;104:e83-90 pubmed
    ..Features included maxillary retrusion, reduced facial height, open bite, and bone fracture history. Very poor oral hygiene, severe dental caries, and periodontal disease were also present...
  64. Van Sickels J, D Addario M. Esthetic options with two jaw surgery. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2007;19:423-33, vii pubmed
    ..Aesthetic improvement may include additional procedures to mask or enhance the skeletal results. This article deals with aesthetic changes brought about by changes in the skeletal support of the face and focuses on movement of both jaws...
  65. Jacobson N, Starr C. Implant-supported rehabilitation of severe malocclusion due to unilateral condylar hypoplasia: case report. J Oral Implantol. 2008;34:90-6 pubmed publisher
    ..She received implant-supported cantilevered fixed prostheses in both arches to improve and minimize her skeletal and dental crossbite...
  66. García Ron A, Jensen J, Garriga Braun C, Gomez E, Sierra J. [Marin-Amat and inverted Marcus-Gunn syndrome. Two case reports]. An Pediatr (Barc). 2011;74:324-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The diagnosis is clinical and does not require additional tests, although EMG may be useful to demonstrate the synkinesis...
  67. Santler G. 3-D COSMOS: a new 3-D model based computerised operation simulation and navigation system. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2000;28:287-93 pubmed
    ..Especially in the case of asymmetric malformation and complex dysgnathia, the new method facilitates optimal symmetric and aesthetic results...
  68. Hunt O, Johnston C, Hepper P, Burden D. The psychosocial impact of orthognathic surgery: a systematic review. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2001;120:490-7 pubmed
    ..However, there were wide variations in the study designs and a lack of uniformity in measuring the psychosocial constructs. This made it difficult to quantify the extent and the duration of the psychosocial benefits...
  69. Haga Y, Suzuki T, Takeuchi T. Retinoic acid isomers produce malformations in postembryonic development of the Japanese flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus. Zoolog Sci. 2002;19:1105-12 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that RA exerted toxic effects on the skeletal systems, mainly through the RAR pathway...
  70. Reinecke P, Figge C, Majewski F, Borchard F. Otocephaly and holoprosencephaly in only one monozygotic twin. Am J Med Genet A. 2003;119A:395-6 pubmed
  71. Kahn J, Bourjat P, Barrière P. [Imaging of mandibular malformations and deformities]. J Radiol. 2003;84:975-81 pubmed
    ..MR is helpful for soft tissue evaluation in patients with Parry-Romberg syndrome and Pierre Robin dysostosis...
  72. Trigg D, Mau I, Rosbe K. Complete bony syngnathia: Report of a case and review. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007;133:187-90 pubmed
  73. Gupta R, Jadhav V, Gupta A, Sanghvi B, Shah H, Parelkar S. Congenital alveolar fusion. J Pediatr Surg. 2008;43:1421-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Case 1 had membranous bands between the alveoli that required tracheostomy for stabilization, followed by osteotomy for release. Postoperatively, both patients had adequate mouth opening...
  74. Donatsky O, Bjørn Jørgensen J, Hermund N, Nielsen H, Holmqvist Larsen M, Nerder P. Accuracy of combined maxillary and mandibular repositioning and of soft tissue prediction in relation to maxillary antero-superior repositioning combined with mandibular set back A computerized cephalometric evaluation of the immediate postsurgical o. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2009;37:279-84 pubmed publisher
  75. Hoefert C, Bacher M, Herberts T, Krimmel M, Reinert S, Hoefert S, et al. Implementing a superimposition and measurement model for 3D sagittal analysis of therapy-induced changes in facial soft tissue: a pilot study. J Orofac Orthop. 2010;71:221-34 pubmed publisher
  76. Maneschg O, Resch M, Papp A, Nemeth J. [Prognostic factors and visual outcome for open globe injuries with intraocular foreign bodies]. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2011;228:801-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features as well as the visual results and determine the prognostic factors after the removal of retained intraocular foreign bodies (IOFBs)...
  77. Huang B, Takahashi K, Yamazaki T, Saito K, Yamori M, Asai K, et al. Assessing anteroposterior basal bone discrepancy with the Dental Aesthetic Index. Angle Orthod. 2013;83:527-32 pubmed publisher
    ..A special interest was to identify the relationship of the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) with anteroposterior basal bone discrepancy (APBBD) and cephalometric indicators...
  78. Abrahams J, Hayt M. [Dental CT in pathologic changes of the maxillo-mandibular region]. Radiologe. 1999;39:1035-43 pubmed
    ..Therefore, this technique allows precise evaluation of the intricate details of the oral cavity. Using it, distinct characterization of pathology including infectious, metabolic, congenital and neoplastic lesions can be obtained...
  79. Yang J, Ling X, Lu Y, Wei M, Ding G. Cephalometric image analysis and measurement for orthognathic surgery. Med Biol Eng Comput. 2001;39:279-84 pubmed
    ..2 degrees. The rate of validity is over 80%, even if the image quality is poor. For an image with a high signal-to-noise ratio, the rate of validity of landmarking and measurements using the CACAS system is over 90%...
  80. Martin M, Schedel R, Willershausen B. Oral health status of kindergarten children in a medium-sized German town near the Czech border. Eur J Med Res. 2001;6:292-6 pubmed
    ..The posterior occlusal relations were normal in 90.8 percent of cases. Deformations of the os maxillare (open bite due to finger sucking) were found in 20% of the 4 year group, in 2.3% of the 5 year group, and in 13% of the 6 year group...
  81. Saifuddin M, Miyamoto K, Ueda H, Shikata N, Tanne K. An electromyographic evaluation of the bilateral symmetry and nature of masticatory muscle activity in jaw deformity patients during normal daily activities. J Oral Rehabil. 2003;30:578-86 pubmed
    ..It is suggested that these findings are highly relevant to occlusal interference and instability because of malocclusion and lateral mandibular deviation...
  82. Diop Ba K, Diagne F, Ngom P, Badiane A, Diop F, Yam A. [Treating five cases of Class III skeletal brachygnatia maxilla with the Delaire mask]. Dakar Med. 2003;48:206-12 pubmed
    ..By resorting to early treatment with the mask, it is possible to avoid falling back on complex surgery, which would almost necessarily be of the orthognatic type among adults...
  83. Shams M, Motamedi M, Abad H. Congenital fusion of the maxilla and mandible: brief case report. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2006;102:e1-3 pubmed
    ..We report a case of congenital fusion of the mandible and maxilla in a 1-year-old boy and describe the clinical features of this anomaly to add to the existing literature on the subject. This is our second encounter of such a case...
  84. Hisano M, Chung C, Soma K. Nonsurgical correction of skeletal Class III malocclusion with lateral shift in an adult. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2007;131:797-804 pubmed
    ..We report a nonsurgical treatment approach and its outcomes for an adult patient with a skeletal Class III malocclusion with a lateral shift. Treatment included distal movement of the mandibular arch and extraction of the third molars...
  85. Vodolatskiĭ V. [Frequency and peculiarities of sound pronunciation abnormalities in children with defects and deformations of dentomaxillary system]. Stomatologiia (Mosk). 2007;86:77-9 pubmed
    ..Frequency and degree of sound pronunciation abnormalities in childhood depended upon character and degree of dentomaxillary system deformations...
  86. El Hakim I, Al Sebaei M, Abuzennada S, AlYamani A. Congenital fusion of the maxilla and mandible (congenital bony syngnathia). Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;39:933-6 pubmed publisher
    ..A possible genetic predisposition for bone formation at this site should be investigated...
  87. Orhan K, Aksoy S, Bilecenoglu B, Sakul B, Paksoy C. Evaluation of bifid mandibular canals with cone-beam computed tomography in a Turkish adult population: a retrospective study. Surg Radiol Anat. 2011;33:501-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to clarify the incidence and location of bifid mandibular canals in an adult Turkish population to avoid complications during surgical procedures...
  88. Lawson T, Jones M, Komar O, Welch A. Prevalence of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Agalychnis moreletii (Hylidae) of El Salvador and association with larval jaw sheath depigmentation. J Wildl Dis. 2011;47:544-54 pubmed
    ..Although it appears that A. moreletii populations in this region are not suffering rapid declines due to Bd, further monitoring is required to determine the extent to which these populations are stably coexisting with the pathogen...
  89. Lupp B, Reinhardt M, Maus F, Hellige M, Feige K, Distl O. Right-sided cleft lip and jaw in a family of Vorderwald × Montbéliarde cattle. Vet J. 2012;192:520-2 pubmed publisher
    ..The affected animals were inbred on Montbéliarde sires, with inbreeding coefficients of 0.39% in one calf and 6.25% in two calves. Pedigree analysis supported the hypothesis of an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance...
  90. Bouletreau P, paulus c. Surgical correction of transverse skeletal abnormalities in the maxilla and mandible. Int Orthod. 2012;10:261-73 pubmed publisher
    ..These techniques are described and their indications discussed...
  91. da Costa Araújo F, de Santana Santos T, de Oliveira e Silva E, Filho J. One-stage treatment of hemimandibular hyperplasia. J Craniofac Surg. 2012;23:e635-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The condition was managed with resection of the condyle with simultaneous orthognathic surgery. The patient is currently satisfied with her appearance and function, and there are no signs of recurrence after 2 years...
  92. Troulis M, Kaban L. Endoscopic approach to the ramus/condyle unit: Clinical applications. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2001;59:503-9 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this report is to describe use of an endoscopic technique for exposure of the mandibular ramus/condyle unit (RCU) to facilitate reconstructive jaw procedures...