kyphosis

Summary

Summary: Deformities of the SPINE characterized by an exaggerated convexity of the vertebral column. The forward bending of the thoracic region usually is more than 40 degrees. This deformity sometimes is called round back or hunchback.

Top Publications

  1. Kado D, Lui L, Ensrud K, Fink H, Karlamangla A, Cummings S. Hyperkyphosis predicts mortality independent of vertebral osteoporosis in older women. Ann Intern Med. 2009;150:681-7 pubmed
    Excessive kyphosis may be associated with earlier mortality, but previous studies have not controlled for clinically silent vertebral fractures, which are a known mortality risk factor.
  2. Schroerlucke S, Akbarnia B, Pawelek J, Salari P, Mundis G, Yazici M, et al. How does thoracic kyphosis affect patient outcomes in growing rod surgery?. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012;37:1303-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Retrospective review of a multicenter series...
  3. Stoker G, Lenke L, Dorward I. Posterior vertebral column resection for the treatment of dystrophic kyphosis associated with type-1 neurofibromatosis: a case report and review of the literature. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012;37:E1659-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Case report...
  4. Kado D, Huang M, Karlamangla A, Cawthon P, Katzman W, Hillier T, et al. Factors associated with kyphosis progression in older women: 15 years' experience in the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2013;28:179-87 pubmed publisher
    ..To identify important correlates of kyphosis and risk factors for its progression over time, we conducted a 15-year retrospective cohort study of 1196 women, ..
  5. Zaina F, Donzelli S, Lusini M, Negrini S. How to measure kyphosis in everyday clinical practice: a reliability study on different methods. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2012;176:264-7 pubmed
    ..The sagittal plane measures have a relevant role both in Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) and in Hyperkyphosis (HK) management. Nevertheless, clinical tools for everyday use are scarce and not adequately studied...
  6. Bruno A, Anderson D, D Agostino J, Bouxsein M. The effect of thoracic kyphosis and sagittal plane alignment on vertebral compressive loading. J Bone Miner Res. 2012;27:2144-51 pubmed publisher
    ..spinal pathology, we used a previously validated musculoskeletal model of the spine to determine how thoracic kyphosis angle and spinal posture affect vertebral compressive loading...
  7. Imagama S, Hasegawa Y, Wakao N, Hirano K, Hamajima N, Ishiguro N. Influence of lumbar kyphosis and back muscle strength on the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease in middle-aged and elderly people. Eur Spine J. 2012;21:2149-57 pubmed publisher
    The objectives of this study was to clarify the relationship between kyphosis and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) by evaluation of spinal alignment, obesity, osteoporosis, back muscle strength, intake of oral drugs, and smoking and ..
  8. Yagi M, King A, Boachie Adjei O. Incidence, risk factors, and natural course of proximal junctional kyphosis: surgical outcomes review of adult idiopathic scoliosis. Minimum 5 years of follow-up. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012;37:1479-89 pubmed publisher
    ..A retrospective case series of surgically treated patients with adult scoliosis...
  9. Lee C, Chung S, Kang K, Park S, Shin S. Normal patterns of sagittal alignment of the spine in young adults radiological analysis in a Korean population. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011;36:E1648-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Radiological analysis and classification of normal patterns of sagittal alignment of the spine...

More Information

Publications84

  1. Müller C, Fuchs K, Winter C, Rosenbaum D, Schmidt C, Bullmann V, et al. Prospective evaluation of physical activity in patients with idiopathic scoliosis or kyphosis receiving brace treatment. Eur Spine J. 2011;20:1127-36 pubmed publisher
    Bracing is an established method of conservative treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and kyphosis. Compliance among adolescents is frequently inadequate due to the discomfort of wearing a brace, cosmetic issues, and fear on the ..
  2. Chen Y, Wang X, Lu X, Yang H, Chen D. Cervical disk arthroplasty versus ACDF for preoperative reducible kyphosis. Orthopedics. 2013;36:e958-65 pubmed publisher
    ..However, whether and when cervical disk arthroplasty is indicated for preoperative cervical spine kyphosis is unclear...
  3. Uno G, Amano Y, Yuki T, Oka A, Ishimura N, Ishihara S, et al. Relationship between kyphosis and Barrett's esophagus in Japanese patients. Intern Med. 2011;50:2725-30 pubmed
    b>Kyphosis is a risk factor for the presence of hiatal hernia, which is a strong predictor of Barrett's esophagus. However, the association between kyphosis and Barrett's esophagus has not yet been clarified...
  4. Kose K, Inanmaz M, Uslu M, Bal E, Caliskan I. Kyphectomy for congenital kyphosis due to meningomyelocele: a case treated with a modified approach to skin healing. Int Wound J. 2012;9:311-5 pubmed publisher
    This study is a case report of a meningomyelocele patient with congenital kyphosis who was treated with kyphectomy and a special approach to soft tissue healing...
  5. Kim H, Aruwajoye O, Sucato D, Richards B, Feng G, Chen D, et al. Induction of SHP2 deficiency in chondrocytes causes severe scoliosis and kyphosis in mice. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013;38:E1307-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Genetic engineering techniques were used to develop an animal model of juvenile scoliosis during a postnatal skeletal-growth stage...
  6. Siminoski K, Warshawski R, Jen H, Lee K. The accuracy of clinical kyphosis examination for detection of thoracic vertebral fractures: comparison of direct and indirect kyphosis measures. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2011;11:249-56 pubmed
    ..examination maneuvers for detecting the presence of thoracic vertebral fractures (VF) diagnosed by radiography: direct measurement of kyphosis angle (KA, in degrees) and indirect measurement using wall-occiput distance (WOD, in cm).
  7. Gravina A, Ferraro C, Frizziero A, Ferraro M, Masiero S. Goniometer evaluation of thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis in subjects during growth age: a validity study. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2012;176:247-51 pubmed
    The aim of the present study is to evaluate the validity of a pocket compass needle goniometer (IncliMed®, University of Padua) to measure the thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis in children and adolescent.
  8. Quek J, Pua Y, Clark R, Bryant A. Effects of thoracic kyphosis and forward head posture on cervical range of motion in older adults. Man Ther. 2013;18:65-71 pubmed publisher
    It is unclear how age-related postural changes such as thoracic spine kyphosis influence cervical range-of-motion (ROM) in patients with cervical spine dysfunction...
  9. Moissonnier P, Gossot P, Scotti S. Thoracic kyphosis associated with hemivertebra. Vet Surg. 2011;40:1029-32 pubmed publisher
    To radiographically assess the influence of thoracic hemivertebra on kyphosis and neurologic status in 45 dogs.
  10. Katzman W, Huang M, Lane N, Ensrud K, Kado D. Kyphosis and decline in physical function over 15 years in older community-dwelling women: the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2013;68:976-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Greater degrees of kyphosis in the thoracic spine are prevalent in older persons and accompanied by reduced physical function in multiple ..
  11. Bayliss M, Miltenburger C, White M, Alvares L. A conceptual and disease model framework for osteoporotic kyphosis. Osteoporos Int. 2013;24:2423-32 pubmed publisher
    ..multi-method research project to develop a conceptual framework for measuring outcomes in studies of osteoporotic kyphosis. The research involved literature research and qualitative interviews among clinicians who treat patients with ..
  12. Qi X, Matsumoto M, Ishii K, Nakamura M, Chiba K, Toyama Y. Posterior osteotomy and instrumentation for thoracolumbar kyphosis in patients with achondroplasia. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006;31:E606-10 pubmed
    A retrospective case series of surgically treated achondroplastic patients with severe thoracolumbar kyphosis.
  13. Giunta C, Randolph A, Al Gazali L, Brunner H, Kraenzlin M, Steinmann B. Nevo syndrome is allelic to the kyphoscoliotic type of the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS VIA). Am J Med Genet A. 2005;133A:158-64 pubmed
    ..affected with Nevo syndrome, a rare, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by increased perinatal length, kyphosis, muscular hypotonia, and joint laxity. Since its first description by Nevo et al...
  14. Li K, Li A, Hsieh C, Chen H. Transpedicle body augmenter in painful osteoporotic compression fractures. Eur Spine J. 2007;16:589-98 pubmed
    Osteoporotic compression fractures (VCFs) can result in progressive kyphosis and chronic pain...
  15. Wang Y, Zhang Y, Zhang X, Wang Z, Mao K, Chen C, et al. Posterior-only multilevel modified vertebral column resection for extremely severe Pott's kyphotic deformity. Eur Spine J. 2009;18:1436-41 pubmed publisher
    ..modified vertebral column resection (MVCR) through a single posterior approach for surgical treatment of Pott's kyphosis with Konstam's angle beyond 90 degrees...
  16. Miyakoshi N, Kasukawa Y, Sasaki H, Kamo K, Shimada Y. Impact of spinal kyphosis on gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms in patients with osteoporosis. Osteoporos Int. 2009;20:1193-8 pubmed publisher
    Spinal kyphosis has been speculated to participate in the increased frequency of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in patients with osteoporosis...
  17. Wang J, Zhao Y, Shen B, Wang C, Li M. Risk factor analysis of proximal junctional kyphosis after posterior fusion in patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Injury. 2010;41:415-20 pubmed publisher
    ..To analyse the incidence of the postoperative proximal junctional kyphosis after posterior fusion to the upper thoracic vertebra in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis and to explore its ..
  18. Kado D, Prenovost K, Crandall C. Narrative review: hyperkyphosis in older persons. Ann Intern Med. 2007;147:330-8 pubmed
    ..With the growing older population, we now need research that leads to a deeper understanding of the causes, consequences, and treatment of this common condition. ..
  19. Jang J, Lee S, Kim J, Min J, Han K, Maeng D. Can patients with sagittally well-compensated lumbar degenerative kyphosis benefit from surgical treatment for intractable back pain?. Neurosurgery. 2009;64:115-21; discussion 121 pubmed publisher
    ..x-rays of sagittal spines and to review the surgical results of 21 patients with lumbar degenerative kyphosis whose spines were sagittally well compensated by compensatory mechanisms but who continued to suffer from ..
  20. Benedetti M, Berti L, Presti C, Frizziero A, Giannini S. Effects of an adapted physical activity program in a group of elderly subjects with flexed posture: clinical and instrumental assessment. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2008;5:32 pubmed publisher
    ..The stereophotogrammetric evaluation of posture was useful to measure the global postural alignment and especially to analyse the possible compensatory strategies at lower limbs in flexed posture. ..
  21. Lewis J, Green A, Wright C. Subacromial impingement syndrome: the role of posture and muscle imbalance. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2005;14:385-92 pubmed
    ..that postural deviations associated with FHP follow distinct patterns involving an increase in the thoracic kyphosis angle and a downwardly rotated, anteriorly tilted, and protracted scapula, which in turn leads to increased ..
  22. Borstad J. Resting position variables at the shoulder: evidence to support a posture-impairment association. Phys Ther. 2006;86:549-57 pubmed
    ..Scapula orientation, thoracic kyphosis, and pectoralis minor muscle lengths were measured, and ratios and indexes of postural variables were calculated...
  23. Ostrowska B, Giemza C, Wojna D, Skrzek A. Postural stability and body posture in older women: comparison between fallers and non-fallers. Ortop Traumatol Rehabil. 2008;10:486-95 pubmed
    ..Indices of the degree of thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis were analysed...
  24. Vora V, Crawford A, Babekhir N, Boachie Adjei O, Lenke L, Peskin M, et al. A pedicle screw construct gives an enhanced posterior correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis when compared with other constructs: myth or reality. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007;32:1869-74 pubmed
    ..and 11 degrees, respectively, whereas the Group 2 construct retained or marginally increased the preoperative kyphosis. The Group 3 (pedicle screw only) construct did not give an enhanced correction of Lenke 1 AIS, when the ..
  25. Yis U, Dirik E, Chambaz C, Steinmann B, Giunta C. Differential diagnosis of muscular hypotonia in infants: the kyphoscoliotic type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS VI). Neuromuscul Disord. 2008;18:210-4 pubmed
    ..We advocate the analysis of urinary pyridinolines in all infants with severe hypotonia which is highly specific and sensitive, quick and inexpensive...
  26. Giunta C, Randolph A, Steinmann B. Mutation analysis of the PLOD1 gene: an efficient multistep approach to the molecular diagnosis of the kyphoscoliotic type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS VIA). Mol Genet Metab. 2005;86:269-76 pubmed
    ..Ala667Thr, and p.His706Arg), four patients were homozygous for the common duplication of exons 10-16, one patient was compound heterozygous for the common duplication and p.Ile454IlefsX2, and one patient was homozygous for p.Arg319X. ..
  27. Kim Y, Bridwell K, Lenke L, Glattes C, Rhim S, Cheh G. Proximal junctional kyphosis in adult spinal deformity after segmental posterior spinal instrumentation and fusion: minimum five-year follow-up. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008;33:2179-84 pubmed publisher
    ..A retrospective study. To analyze time-dependent change of, prevalence of, and risk factors for proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) in adult spinal deformity after long (> or =5 vertebrae) segmental posterior spinal instrumented fusion ..
  28. Dumas R, Lafage V, Lafon Y, Steib J, Mitton D, Skalli W. Finite element simulation of spinal deformities correction by in situ contouring technique. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin. 2005;8:331-7 pubmed
    ..The mean differences were under 5 degrees for vertebral rotations and 5 mm for spinal lines. These simulations open the way for future predictive tools for surgical planning. ..
  29. Katzman W, Sellmeyer D, Stewart A, Wanek L, Hamel K. Changes in flexed posture, musculoskeletal impairments, and physical performance after group exercise in community-dwelling older women. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2007;88:192-9 pubmed
    ..Pretest-posttest of outcome measures. Outpatient academic medical center. Twenty-one women with thoracic kyphosis of 50 degrees or greater. Multidimensional group exercise performed 2 times a week for 12 weeks...
  30. Geck M, Macagno A, Ponte A, Shufflebarger H. The Ponte procedure: posterior only treatment of Scheuermann's kyphosis using segmental posterior shortening and pedicle screw instrumentation. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2007;20:586-93 pubmed
    Case series. To examine a consecutive series of surgically treated Scheuermann kyphosis that had a posterior only procedure with segmental pedicle screw fixation and segmental Ponte osteotomies...
  31. Lafage V, Schwab F, Skalli W, Hawkinson N, Gagey P, Ondra S, et al. Standing balance and sagittal plane spinal deformity: analysis of spinopelvic and gravity line parameters. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008;33:1572-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Prospective study of 131 patients and volunteers recruited for an analysis of spinal alignment and gravity line (GL) assessment by force plate analysis...
  32. Sinaki M, Brey R, Hughes C, Larson D, Kaufman K. Significant reduction in risk of falls and back pain in osteoporotic-kyphotic women through a Spinal Proprioceptive Extension Exercise Dynamic (SPEED) program. Mayo Clin Proc. 2005;80:849-55 pubmed
    ..program on the risk of falls in ambulatory community-dwelling persons older than 60 years with osteoporosis-kyphosis at risk for falls. The study had 3 stages...
  33. Kahrizi K, Najmabadi H, Kariminejad R, Jamali P, Malekpour M, Garshasbi M, et al. An autosomal recessive syndrome of severe mental retardation, cataract, coloboma and kyphosis maps to the pericentromeric region of chromosome 4. Eur J Hum Genet. 2009;17:125-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The clinical problems comprised severe MR, cataracts with onset in late adolescence, kyphosis, contractures of large joints, bulbous nose with broad nasal bridge, and thick lips...
  34. Lowenstein J, Matsumoto H, Vitale M, Weidenbaum M, Gomez J, Lee F, et al. Coronal and sagittal plane correction in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a comparison between all pedicle screw versus hybrid thoracic hook lumbar screw constructs. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007;32:448-52 pubmed
    ..This was a retrospective cohort study using a previously matched convenience sample of 34 patients...
  35. Marks D, Qaimkhani S. The natural history of congenital scoliosis and kyphosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009;34:1751-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Review article...
  36. Yamane Y, Yamaguchi T, Tsumori M, Yamauchi M, Yano S, Yamamoto M, et al. Elcatonin is effective for lower back pain and the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease in elderly osteoporotic patients with kyphosis. Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2011;11:215-20 pubmed publisher
    Elderly osteoporotic patients with kyphosis tend to be frequently accompanied by the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) such as heartburn and acid reflux...
  37. Damborg F, Engell V, Andersen M, Kyvik K, Thomsen K. Prevalence, concordance, and heritability of Scheuermann kyphosis based on a study of twins. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006;88:2133-6 pubmed
    The purpose of this study was to establish a cohort of symptomatic twins with Scheuermann kyphosis to provide estimates of prevalence, concordance, odds ratio, and heritability...
  38. Bautmans I, Van Arken J, Van Mackelenberg M, Mets T. Rehabilitation using manual mobilization for thoracic kyphosis in elderly postmenopausal patients with osteoporosis. J Rehabil Med. 2010;42:129-35 pubmed publisher
    ..To explore the feasibility and effects of rehabilitation using manual mobilization of the thoracic spine in elderly female patients with osteoporosis...
  39. Harrison R, Siminoski K, Vethanayagam D, Majumdar S. Osteoporosis-related kyphosis and impairments in pulmonary function: a systematic review. J Bone Miner Res. 2007;22:447-57 pubmed
    We conducted a systematic review to examine the relationship between osteoporotic vertebral fractures, kyphosis, and pulmonary function. Findings suggest modest but predictable declines in vital capacity related to the degree of kyphosis...
  40. Glassman S, Bridwell K, Dimar J, Horton W, Berven S, Schwab F. The impact of positive sagittal balance in adult spinal deformity. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005;30:2024-9 pubmed
  41. Shimizu K, Nakamura M, Nishikawa Y, Hijikata S, Chiba K, Toyama Y. Spinal kyphosis causes demyelination and neuronal loss in the spinal cord: a new model of kyphotic deformity using juvenile Japanese small game fowls. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005;30:2388-92 pubmed
    Histologic changes in the spinal cord caused by progressive spinal kyphosis were assessed using a new animal model.
  42. Hahn F, Hauser D, Espinosa N, Blumenthal S, Min K. Scoliosis correction with pedicle screws in Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Eur Spine J. 2008;17:255-61 pubmed
    ..Lumbar lordosis improved significantly from 20 degrees to 49 degrees, thoracic kyphosis remained unchanged. No problems related to iliac fixation, no pseudarthrosis or implant failures were observed...
  43. Kusano M, Hashizume K, Ehara Y, Shimoyama Y, Kawamura O, Mori M. Size of hiatus hernia correlates with severity of kyphosis, not with obesity, in elderly Japanese women. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2008;42:345-50 pubmed publisher
    To investigate whether there is a relationship between hiatus hernia (HH) and kyphosis or obesity in elderly Japanese persons.
  44. Clement J, Chau E, Kimkpe C, Vallade M. Restoration of thoracic kyphosis by posterior instrumentation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: comparative radiographic analysis of two methods of reduction. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008;33:1579-87 pubmed publisher
  45. Krauss M, Hirschfelder H, Tomandl B, Lichti G, Bär I. Kyphosis reduction and the rate of cement leaks after vertebroplasty of intravertebral clefts. Eur Radiol. 2006;16:1015-21 pubmed
    ..Due to the prone positioning of the patient during vertebroplasty, a significant reduction of the kyphosis angle was achieved in the cleft group. Cement leakage occurred in 18...
  46. Aydogan M, Ozturk C, Tezer M, Mirzanli C, Karatoprak O, Hamzaoglu A. Posterior vertebrectomy in kyphosis, scoliosis and kyphoscoliosis due to hemivertebra. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2008;17:33-7 pubmed
    ..instrumentation with titanium mesh cage via the posterior approach in 19 patients (three scoliosis, five kyphosis and 11 kyphoscoliosis)...
  47. Greendale G, Nili N, Huang M, Seeger L, Karlamangla A. The reliability and validity of three non-radiological measures of thoracic kyphosis and their relations to the standing radiological Cobb angle. Osteoporos Int. 2011;22:1897-905 pubmed publisher
    ..By showing that three clinical measures of kyphosis are suitable for use in large scale, longitudinal, hyperkyphosis studies, we will facilitate much needed research ..
  48. Charpentier P, Dauphin A, Stojkovic T, Cotten A, Hurtevent J, Maurage C, et al. [Parkinson's disease, progressive lumbar kyphosis and focal paraspinal myositis]. Rev Neurol (Paris). 2005;161:459-63 pubmed
    ..Clinical case. We describe a typical case observed in a parkinsonian patient. The MRI, electromyogram and biopsy of the paraspinal muscles revealed a typical myositis pattern...
  49. Mac Thiong J, Pinel Giroux F, de Guise J, Labelle H. Comparison between constrained and non-constrained Cobb techniques for the assessment of thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis. Eur Spine J. 2007;16:1325-31 pubmed
    ..Thoracic kyphosis (TK) and lumbar lordosis (LL) were measured twice by three observers using both constrained and non-constrained ..
  50. Katzman W, Vittinghoff E, Kado D. Age-related hyperkyphosis, independent of spinal osteoporosis, is associated with impaired mobility in older community-dwelling women. Osteoporos Int. 2011;22:85-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Hyperyphosis is associated with slower Timed Up and Go performance times and may be a useful clinical marker signaling the need for evaluation of vertebral fracture and falling risk...
  51. Deramond H, Saliou G, Aveillan M, Lehmann P, Vallee J. Respective contributions of vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty to the management of osteoporotic vertebral fractures. Joint Bone Spine. 2006;73:610-3 pubmed
    ..Kyphoplasty seeks not only to stabilize the vertebra, but also to correct the kyphosis induced by the vertebral body collapse...
  52. Huang M, Barrett Connor E, Greendale G, Kado D. Hyperkyphotic posture and risk of future osteoporotic fractures: the Rancho Bernardo study. J Bone Miner Res. 2006;21:419-23 pubmed
    It is unknown whether kyphosis of the thoracic spine is an independent risk factor for future osteoporotic fractures...
  53. Levin R, Matusz D, Hasharoni A, Scharf C, Lonner B, Errico T. Mini-open thoracoscopically assisted thoracotomy versus video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for anterior release in thoracic scoliosis and kyphosis: a comparison of operative and radiographic results. Spine J. 2005;5:632-8 pubmed
  54. Park Y, Riew K, Cho W. The long-term results of anterior surgical reconstruction in patients with postlaminectomy cervical kyphosis. Spine J. 2010;10:380-7 pubmed publisher
    Postlaminectomy kyphosis of the cervical spine is a challenging condition to treat because it has a combination of an exposed cord, progressive kyphosis, segmental instability, and anterior neural compression...
  55. Kado D. The rehabilitation of hyperkyphotic posture in the elderly. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2009;45:583-93 pubmed
    The angle of thoracic kyphosis tends to increase with age resulting in hyperkyphosis in some individuals...
  56. Voggenreiter G. Balloon kyphoplasty is effective in deformity correction of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005;30:2806-12 pubmed
    ..A prospective radiographic analysis of deformity correction during the balloon kyphoplasty procedure...
  57. Rose P, Bridwell K, Lenke L, Cronen G, Mulconrey D, Buchowski J, et al. Role of pelvic incidence, thoracic kyphosis, and patient factors on sagittal plane correction following pedicle subtraction osteotomy. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009;34:785-91 pubmed publisher
    ..An analysis of clinical and radiographic data of 40 consecutive patients with fixed sagittal imbalance...
  58. Esaka E, Golde S, Stever M, Thomas R. A maternal and perinatal mortality in pregnancy complicated by the kyphoscoliotic form of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Obstet Gynecol. 2009;113:515-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The diagnosis can be established by clinical, biochemical, and genetic findings...
  59. Wang X, Dai L, Xu H, Chi Y. Kyphosis recurrence after posterior short-segment fixation in thoracolumbar burst fractures. J Neurosurg Spine. 2008;8:246-54 pubmed publisher
    Recurrent kyphosis has been commonly seen after posterior short-segment pedicle instrumentation for a thoracolumbar fracture, but studies on this issue are relatively scarce, and the clinical significance of recurrent deformity is ..
  60. Lekovic G, Rekate H, Dickman C, Pearson M. Congenital cervical instability in a patient with camptomelic dysplasia. Childs Nerv Syst. 2006;22:1212-4 pubmed
    ..Most patients die of complications in infancy, although long-term survivors have been reported...
  61. Vallespir G, Flores J, Trigueros I, Sierra E, Fernández P, Olaverri J, et al. Vertebral coplanar alignment: a standardized technique for three dimensional correction in scoliosis surgery: technical description and preliminary results in Lenke type 1 curves. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008;33:1588-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Prospective multicentric study...
  62. Singh D, Bailey M, Lee R. Biplanar measurement of thoracolumbar curvature in older adults using an electromagnetic tracking device. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2010;91:137-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Singh DK, Bailey M, Lee R. Biplanar measurement of thoracolumbar curvature in older adults using an electromagnetic tracking device...
  63. Rajasekaran S, Vijay K, Shetty A. Single-stage closing-opening wedge osteotomy of spine to correct severe post-tubercular kyphotic deformities of the spine: a 3-year follow-up of 17 patients. Eur Spine J. 2010;19:583-92 pubmed publisher
    The correction of severe post-tubercular kyphosis (PTK) is complex and has the disadvantage of being multiple staged with a high morbidity...
  64. Kawakami N, Tsuji T, Imagama S, Lenke L, Puno R, Kuklo T. Classification of congenital scoliosis and kyphosis: a new approach to the three-dimensional classification for progressive vertebral anomalies requiring operative treatment. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009;34:1756-65 pubmed publisher
    ..We reviewed three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) images of congenital spinal deformities and proposed a new classification based on the information obtained...
  65. Roux C, Fechtenbaum J, Kolta S, Said Nahal R, Briot K, Benhamou C. Prospective assessment of thoracic kyphosis in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. J Bone Miner Res. 2010;25:362-8 pubmed publisher
    We attempt to assess quantitatively thoracic kyphosis and its influence on incident fractures and quality of life over three years in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis and the effect of strontium ranelate on thoracic kyphosis ..
  66. Sinaki M, Brey R, Hughes C, Larson D, Kaufman K. Balance disorder and increased risk of falls in osteoporosis and kyphosis: significance of kyphotic posture and muscle strength. Osteoporos Int. 2005;16:1004-10 pubmed
    This controlled trial was designed to investigate the influence of osteoporosis-related kyphosis (O-K) on falls...
  67. Molnár S, Szappanos L, Körmendi Z, Veres R. Occipitoatlantoaxial instability and congenital thoracic vertebral deformity in Pierre Robin sequence: a case report. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007;32:E501-4 pubmed
    ..Case report of a patient with Pierre Robin sequence who presented with occipitoatlantoaxial instability and congenital thoracic deformity...
  68. Lowe T. Scheuermann's kyphosis. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2007;18:305-15 pubmed
    Scheuermann's disease is the most common cause of structural kyphosis in adolescents. The kyphotic deformity is frequently attributed to "poor posture," resulting in delayed diagnosis and treatment...
  69. Wong Y, Leong J, Luk K. Direct internal kyphectomy for severe angular tuberculous kyphosis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2007;460:124-9 pubmed
    ..We treated five patients with paraparesis of healed disease with this approach. Preoperatively the mean kyphosis was 114 degrees. Neurological improvement was obtained in two patients...
  70. Korovessis P, Zacharatos S, Koureas G, Megas P. Comparative multifactorial analysis of the effects of idiopathic adolescent scoliosis and Scheuermann kyphosis on the self-perceived health status of adolescents treated with brace. Eur Spine J. 2007;16:537-46 pubmed
    ..Seventy-nine adolescents with spinal deformities (idiopathic adolescent scoliosis, thoracic Scheuermann kyphosis) and 62 adolescents without spinal deformities were asked to complete the Quality of Life profile for Spine ..
  71. Kado D, Christianson L, Palermo L, Smith Bindman R, Cummings S, Greendale G. Comparing a supine radiologic versus standing clinical measurement of kyphosis in older women: the Fracture Intervention Trial. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006;31:463-7 pubmed
    A study of agreement between different measures of kyphosis, a clinical standing measure (Debrunner kyphometer; Protek AG, Bern, Switzerland) versus a supine radiologic measure (Cobb angle).
  72. Bartynski W, Heller M, Grahovac S, Rothfus W, Kurs Lasky M. Severe thoracic kyphosis in the older patient in the absence of vertebral fracture: association of extreme curve with age. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005;26:2077-85 pubmed
    Limited data exist on the natural history of thoracic kyphosis in elderly patients...
  73. Rinella A, Lenke L, Whitaker C, Kim Y, Park S, Peelle M, et al. Perioperative halo-gravity traction in the treatment of severe scoliosis and kyphosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005;30:475-82 pubmed
    A retrospective analysis of patients that underwent perioperative halo-gravity traction as an adjunct to modern instrumentation methods in the treatment of severe scoliosis and kyphosis.
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