spinal curvatures


Summary: Deformities of the SPINE characterized by abnormal bending or flexure in the vertebral column. They may be bending forward (KYPHOSIS), backward (LORDOSIS), or sideway (SCOLIOSIS).

Top Publications

  1. Takahashi T, Ishida K, Hirose D, Nagano Y, Okumiya K, Nishinaga M, et al. Trunk deformity is associated with a reduction in outdoor activities of daily living and life satisfaction in community-dwelling older people. Osteoporos Int. 2005;16:273-9 pubmed
  2. Ozer F, Ozturk O, Meral H, Serdaroglu P, Yayla V. Camptocormia in a patient with Parkinson disease and a myopathy with nemaline rods. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2007;86:3-6 pubmed
    ..The normal biceps brachii muscle biopsy refers to the isolated affection of paraspinal muscles in this patient. A camptocormia (bent spine) case of myopathy with nemaline rods associated with Parkinson disease is presented...
  3. Gorman K, Breden F. Disproportionate body lengths correlate with idiopathic-type curvature in the curveback guppy. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010;35:511-6 pubmed publisher
    ..A comparative allometric study of body lengths in an animal model for human idiopathic-type scoliosis...
  4. Gorman K, Breden F. Teleosts as models for human vertebral stability and deformity. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2007;145:28-38 pubmed
    ..To illustrate the point we review human idiopathic scoliosis and the potential contribution teleosts can make for the identification of causes, risk factors, and treatment options...
  5. Masunari N, Fujiwara S, Nakata Y, Nakashima E, Nakamura T. Historical height loss, vertebral deformity, and health-related quality of life in Hiroshima cohort study. Osteoporos Int. 2007;18:1493-9 pubmed
    ..Height loss aggravated EQ-5D more strongly than vertebral deformity in all domains, with different patterns...
  6. Barrey C, Jund J, Perrin G, Roussouly P. Spinopelvic alignment of patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis. Neurosurgery. 2007;61:981-6; discussion 986 pubmed
  7. Cuccia A, Caradonna C. The relationship between the stomatognathic system and body posture. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2009;64:61-6 pubmed
    ..If confirmed by further research, these considerations can improve our understanding and treatment of muscular-skeletal disorders that are associated with temporomandibular joint disorders, occlusal changes, and tooth loss...
  8. Spuler S, Krug H, Klein C, Medialdea I, Jakob W, Ebersbach G, et al. Myopathy causing camptocormia in idiopathic Parkinson's disease: a multidisciplinary approach. Mov Disord. 2010;25:552-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Interestingly, heterozygous variants in the Parkin gene were found in 2 of 9 investigated patients. We conclude that CC and HD in PD are predominantly myopathic. Aberrant protein aggregation may link PD and CC...
  9. Margraf N, Wrede A, Rohr A, Schulz Schaeffer W, Raethjen J, Eymess A, et al. Camptocormia in idiopathic Parkinson's disease: a focal myopathy of the paravertebral muscles. Mov Disord. 2010;25:542-51 pubmed publisher
    ..The cause of camptocormia in idiopathic PD is a focal myopathy. Our findings suggest that the myopathy has a progressive course, which finally leads to degeneration of the paravertebral muscles...

More Information

Publications103 found, 100 shown here

  1. Siris E, Genant H, Laster A, Chen P, Misurski D, Krege J. Enhanced prediction of fracture risk combining vertebral fracture status and BMD. Osteoporos Int. 2007;18:761-70 pubmed
    ..In this analysis, for any given BMD T-score, incident fracture risk varied up to twelve fold when information regarding prevalent radiographic vertebral fracture status was considered...
  2. Kuntz C, Levin L, Ondra S, Shaffrey C, Morgan C. Neutral upright sagittal spinal alignment from the occiput to the pelvis in asymptomatic adults: a review and resynthesis of the literature. J Neurosurg Spine. 2007;6:104-12 pubmed
    ..In this literature review, the authors analyze data obtained from previously published studies conducted to evaluate neutral upright sagittal spinal alignment from the occiput to the pelvis in asymptomatic adults...
  3. Gorman K, Tredwell S, Breden F. The mutant guppy syndrome curveback as a model for human heritable spinal curvature. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007;32:735-41 pubmed
    ..This study investigated the morphology, pathogenesis, and inheritance of idiopathic-like spinal curvature in the guppy syndrome, curveback...
  4. Bonneville F, Bloch F, Kurys E, du Montcel S, Welter M, Bonnet A, et al. Camptocormia and Parkinson's disease: MR imaging. Eur Radiol. 2008;18:1710-9 pubmed publisher
    ..009; R = -0.649) and sagittal pons area (P < 0.01; R = -0.642). The results suggest that PD with camptocormia may represent a selective form of PD in which a specific neuronal dysfunction possibly occurs within the brainstem...
  5. Kasukawa Y, Miyakoshi N, Hongo M, Ishikawa Y, Noguchi H, Kamo K, et al. Relationships between falls, spinal curvature, spinal mobility and back extensor strength in elderly people. J Bone Miner Metab. 2010;28:82-7 pubmed publisher
    ..0052), lumbar kyphosis (p = 0.0057), spinal inclination (p = 0.0378), mobility of lumbar spine (0.027), and mobility of spinal inclination (p = 0.0282) were significantly associated with presence/absence of falls in elderly individuals...
  6. Korovessis P, Repantis T, Papazisis Z, Iliopoulos P. Effect of sagittal spinal balance, levels of posterior instrumentation, and length of follow-up on low back pain in patients undergoing posterior decompression and instrumented fusion for degenerative lumbar spine disease: a multifactorial analysis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010;35:898-905 pubmed publisher
    ..Prospective controlled clinical study on low back pain (LBP)...
  7. Korovessis P, Koureas G, Papazisis Z. Correlation between backpack weight and way of carrying, sagittal and frontal spinal curvatures, athletic activity, and dorsal and low back pain in schoolchildren and adolescents. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2004;17:33-40 pubmed
    This cross-sectional study was carried out to investigate any correlation between backpack carrying, spinal curvatures, and athletic activities on schoolchildren's dorsal (DP) and low back pain (LBP)...
  8. Gottfried O, Daubs M, Patel A, Dailey A, Brodke D. Spinopelvic parameters in postfusion flatback deformity patients. Spine J. 2009;9:639-47 pubmed publisher
    ..Fixed sagittal imbalance (FSI) may result from loss of adequate lumbar lordosis (LL) after spinal fusion. Pelvic incidence (PI) is a fixed anatomical parameter that determines LL and overall spinal sagittal alignment...
  9. Singh D, Bailey M, Lee R. Biplanar measurement of thoracolumbar curvature in older adults using an electromagnetic tracking device. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2010;91:137-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Singh DK, Bailey M, Lee R. Biplanar measurement of thoracolumbar curvature in older adults using an electromagnetic tracking device...
  10. Lee C, Chang B, Hong Y, Yang S, Lee C, Seo J. Spinal deformities in Noonan syndrome: a clinical review of sixty cases. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2001;83-A:1495-502 pubmed
    ..Skeletal abnormalities, including spinal deformities, in Noonan syndrome have been described, but no detailed and systematic study of such spinal deformities has been presented in the literature...
  11. Singh D, Bailey M, Lee R. Decline in lumbar extensor muscle strength the older adults: correlation with age, gender and spine morphology. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2013;14:215 pubmed publisher
    ..However, gender was the only determinant of muscle strength in the young. These results suggest that the decline in the lumbar extensor muscle strength in older adults was more dependent on age when compared to younger adults. ..
  12. Müller Gliemann C, Drerup B, Osada N, Wetz H. [The influence of proprioceptive insoles (Bourdiol) on the sagittal curvature and inclination of the trunk]. Orthopade. 2006;35:1131-2, 1134-6 pubmed
    ..Only trunk inclination in normal posture was found to yield a significant difference (0.38 degrees) between placebo and neurological insoles. However, no clear statement on the efficiency of neurological insoles can be made. ..
  13. Youdas J, Hollman J, Krause D. The effects of gender, age, and body mass index on standing lumbar curvature in persons without current low back pain. Physiother Theory Pract. 2006;22:229-37 pubmed
    ..For age, the only significant difference was between the 20 to 29- and 50 to 59-year-old age categories. This study provides physical therapists with typical values of SLC in men and women without current low back pain. ..
  14. Melamed E, Djaldetti R. Camptocormia in Parkinson's disease. J Neurol. 2006;253 Suppl 7:VII14-16 pubmed
    ..Treatment is currently unsatisfactory in most cases. Occasional patients may benefit from intramuscular botulinum toxin injections or from deep brain stimulation. ..
  15. Tsirikos A, Demosthenous N, McMaster M. Spinal deformity in patients with Sotos syndrome (cerebral gigantism). J Spinal Disord Tech. 2009;22:149-53 pubmed publisher
    ..There is significant variability on the pattern of spine deformity, ranging from a scoliosis through kyphoscoliosis to a pure kyphosis, and also the age at presentation and need for treatment. ..
  16. Sakas D, Panourias I, Stavrinou L, Boviatsis E, Themistocleous M, Stathis P, et al. Restoration of erect posture in idiopathic camptocormia by electrical stimulation of the globus pallidus internus. J Neurosurg. 2010;113:1246-50 pubmed publisher
  17. Kim Y, Lee J, Kim H, Yeom J, Kang H. Diagnostic advancement of axial loaded lumbar spine MRI in patients with clinically suspected central spinal canal stenosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013;38:E1342-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Measurable advancement in diagnosis of severe central spinal canal stenosis was possible with axial loaded MRI. Patients with facet joint instability had a tendency to show significant changes in the central spinal canal area. 4. ..
  18. Fourney D, Gokaslan Z. Spinal instability and deformity due to neoplastic conditions. Neurosurg Focus. 2003;14:e8 pubmed
    ..The authors discuss the most common patterns of tumor-related instability and deformity at all levels of the spinal column and review the surgical options for treatment. ..
  19. Maruyama K, Matsuyama Y, Yanase M, Sakai Y, Katayama Y, Imagama S, et al. The relationship between the type of destructive spondyloarthropathy and its 10 years ago cervical spine alignment. Eur Spine J. 2009;18:900-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the number of the abnormalities of local cervical alignment was statistically larger in stage 3 types A and B; they were the crucial factor promoting the progression of DSA stage 3 types A and B. ..
  20. Schwab F, Lafage V, Patel A, Farcy J. Sagittal plane considerations and the pelvis in the adult patient. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009;34:1828-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, optimal treatment of a patient with spinal deformity requires integration of the pelvis in the preoperative evaluation and treatment plan. ..
  21. Renard D, Castelnovo G, Fernandez C, de Paula A, Penttilä S, Suominen T, et al. Camptocormia as presenting sign in myofibrillar myopathy. Neuromuscul Disord. 2012;22:987-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Camptocormia has never been described as the presenting clinical sign of MFM. MFM joins the growing number of myopathies potentially presenting with camptocormia. ..
  22. Zhao Y, Wang X, Lin X, Zhao S, Lin J. Comparative developmental toxicity of eight typical organic pollutants to red sea bream (Pagrosomus major) embryos and larvae. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017;24:9067-9078 pubmed publisher
    ..major embryos or larvae and the rates of hatching and of malformation (oedema, condensed blood, spinal curvatures or eye abnormalities) were noted and described within 48 h of exposure...
  23. Merenda L. No bones about it: the unique side of orthopedic management in the child with SCI. SCI Nurs. 2003;20:48-9 pubmed
  24. Tsirikos A, McMaster M. Congenital anomalies of the ribs and chest wall associated with congenital deformities of the spine. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005;87:2523-36 pubmed
    ..It has been suggested that rib anomalies may adversely affect the progression of the spinal deformity...
  25. McMaster M, Lee A, Burwell R. Indoor heated swimming pools: the vulnerability of some infants to develop spinal asymmetries years later. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2006;123:151-5 pubmed
    ..If the risk factor is confirmed there may ultimately be a place for the prevention of AIS in some subjects. ..
  26. van Loon P, van Rhijn L. The central cord-nervous roots complex and the formation and deformation of the spine; the scientific work on systematic body growth by Milan Roth of Brno (1926-2006). Stud Health Technol Inform. 2008;140:170-86 pubmed
  27. Obayashi H, Urabe Y, Yamanaka Y, Okuma R. Effects of respiratory-muscle exercise on spinal curvature. J Sport Rehabil. 2012;21:63-8 pubmed
    ..0 s were significantly increased after 4 wk in the Ex group (P < .05). The results suggest that respiratory-muscle exercise straightened the spine, leading to good posture control, possibly because of contraction of abdominal muscles. ..
  28. Hostin R, Robinson C, O Brien M, Ames C, Schwab F, Smith J, et al. A Multicenter Comparison of Inpatient Resource Use for Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016;41:603-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The estimated impact of physician preference on surgical resource utilization highlights the variation in current surgical practice and the opportunity for cost reductions via a more standardized approach. 3. ..
  29. Liu M, Mineo K, Hanayama K, Fujiwara T, Chino N. Practical problems and management of seating through the clinical stages of Duchenne's muscular dystrophy. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2003;84:818-24 pubmed
    ..Of 60 caregivers, 58% experienced trauma related to seating systems. The seating problems that were identified enabled specific, practical suggestions to be made for better management. ..
  30. Tayyab N, Samartzis D, Altiok H, Shuff C, Lubicky J, Herman J, et al. The reliability and diagnostic value of radiographic criteria in sagittal spine deformities: comparison of the vertebral wedge ratio to the segmental cobb angle. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007;32:E451-9 pubmed
    ..In addition, the type of deformity may potentially dictate the ideal measuring method. ..
  31. Yamazaki M, Okawa A, Kadota R, Mannoji C, Miyashita T, Koda M. Surgical simulation of circumferential osteotomy and correction of cervico-thoracic kyphoscoliosis for an irreducible old C6-C7 fracture dislocation. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2009;151:867-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Surgical simulation using a three-dimensional, full-scale model was useful for improving the accuracy and safety of circumferential corrective osteotomy of the cervical spine. ..
  32. Okanishi N, Kito N, Akiyama M, Yamamoto M. Spinal curvature and characteristics of postural change in pregnant women. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2012;91:856-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Pregnancy may cause changes in spinal curvature and posture, which may in turn lead to relevant symptoms. Our data provide a basis for investigating the effects of spinal curvature and postural changes on symptoms during pregnancy. ..
  33. Barczyk Pawelec K, Sipko T, Demczuk Włodarczyk E, Boczar A. Anterioposterior spinal curvatures and magnitude of asymmetry in the trunk in musicians playing the violin compared with nonmusicians. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2012;35:319-26 pubmed publisher
    ..an instrument often requires a certain posture and asymmetric position that may affect the anteroposterior spinal curvatures and may lead to postural asymmetry...
  34. Berthonnaud E, Dimnet J. Analysis of structural features of deformed spines in frontal and sagittal projections. Comput Med Imaging Graph. 2007;31:9-16 pubmed
    ..These parameters facilitate the follow up of evolutive back pathologies. Several examples display the new technique. ..
  35. Hwang S, Riesenburger R, Benzel E. Pediatric iatrogenic spinal deformity. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2007;18:585-98 pubmed
    ..Iatrogenic deformity resulting from radiation therapy and a variety of surgical procedures are addressed. ..
  36. Kanter A, Bradford D, Okonkwo D, Rengachary S, Mummaneni P. Thoracolumbar spinal deformity: Part I. A historical passage to 1990: historical vignette. J Neurosurg Spine. 2009;11:631-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This review details the pre-1990 innovations, whose failures and successes have equally contributed to the advancement and dissemination of the increasingly evidence-based field of spinal deformity. ..
  37. Di Vece L, Faleri G, Picciotti M, Guido L, Giorgetti R. Does a transverse maxillary deficit affect the cervical vertebrae? A pilot study. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2010;137:515-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Vertebral defects of the study group were mainly at vertebrae C4 and C5. A statistically significant correlation, worthy of further study, was found between transverse maxillary constriction and cervical vertebral defects. ..
  38. Pott P. Farther remarks on the useless state of the lower limbs, in consequence of a curvature of the spine: being a supplement to a former treatise on that subject. 1782. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2007;460:4-9 pubmed
  39. Bedno S, Gardiner B, Li Y, Wiesen A, Firestone J, Niebuhr D. U.S. military recruits waived for pathological curvature of the spine: increased risk of discharge from service. Mil Med. 2011;176:519-23 pubmed
    ..Policy makers must consider risks and benefits before modifying the current accession standard for spinal curvature. ..
  40. Xie J, Li T, Wang Y, Zhao Z, Zhang Y, Bi N. Change in Cobb angle of each segment of the major curve after posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR): a preliminary discussion of correction mechanisms of PVCR. Eur Spine J. 2012;21:705-10 pubmed publisher
  41. Williams J, Haq I, Lee R. Dynamic lumbar curvature measurement in acute and chronic low back pain sufferers. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2012;93:2094-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Acute LBP sufferers display less kyphosis during flexion and lifting. Sequencing of curvature change is similar across the 2 groups. ..
  42. Albuquerque C, Smith K, Saywers T, Johnson C, Cock M, Harding R. Relation between oligohydramnios and spinal flexion in the human fetus. Early Hum Dev. 2002;68:119-26 pubmed
    ..This could contribute to the development of fetal lung hypoplasia, fetal immobility and other fetal anomalies. ..
  43. Lopez Campos J, Cejudo P, Ortega F, López Márquez I, Márquez Martín E, Capote F, et al. Shuttle walking versus maximal cycle testing: clinical correlates in patients with kyphoscoliosis. Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2008;160:334-40 pubmed
    ..675; p < 0.001). SWT and CET testing elicited similar clinical and hemodynamic responses. SWT is a feasible measure of functional capacity in this patient group. ..
  44. Harimaya K, Lenke L, Mishiro T, Bridwell K, Koester L, Sides B. Increasing lumbar lordosis of adult spinal deformity patients via intraoperative prone positioning. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009;34:2406-12 pubmed publisher
    ..This knowledge will help in the surgical planning of adult spinal deformity reconstructive surgery to optimize sagittal alignment and balance. ..
  45. Stylianides G, Beaulieu M, Dalleau G, Rivard C, Allard P. Iliac crest orientation and geometry in able-bodied and non-treated adolescent idiopathic scoliosis girls with moderate and severe spinal deformity. Eur Spine J. 2012;21:725-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Such findings could indicate right thoracic spinal deformity as a result of pelvic torsion. ..
  46. Jiang X, Li J, Zhang W, Wang H, Chen T, Lan W, et al. [Relationship between fracture risk evaluated by FRAX tool and spinal curvature]. Zhongguo Gu Shang. 2013;26:730-4 pubmed
    ..05). The old people's morphological characteristics of spine have the ability to reflect the risk level o osteoporotic fracture. ..
  47. Kocaaga Z, Bal S, Turan Y, Gurgan A, Esmeli F. Camptocormia and dropped head syndrome as a clinic picture of myotonic myopathy. Joint Bone Spine. 2008;75:730-3 pubmed publisher
    ..In this report we aimed to represent a female patient, who was diagnosed as having myotonic dystrophy, with concurrent dropped head syndrome and CC. ..
  48. Abe K, Tamaki J, Kadowaki E, Sato Y, Morita A, Komatsu M, et al. Use of anthropometric indicators in screening for undiagnosed vertebral fractures: a cross-sectional analysis of the Fukui Osteoporosis Cohort (FOC) study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2008;9:157 pubmed publisher
    ..00, 5.77), respectively. Both WOD and AHD effectively predicted vertebral deformities. This screening method could be used in a strategy to prevent additional vertebral fractures, even when X-ray technology is not available. ..
  49. Tormenti M, Kostov D, Gardner P, Kanter A, Spiro R, Okonkwo D. Intraoperative computed tomography image-guided navigation for posterior thoracolumbar spinal instrumentation in spinal deformity surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2010;28:E11 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, with the use of intraoperative CT scanning, a postinstrumentation CT scan allows the surgeon to evaluate the accuracy of instrumentation before wound closure and revise as appropriate. ..
  50. Sarnadskiy V. Classification of postural disorders and spinal deformities in the three dimensions according to computer optical topography. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2012;176:159-63 pubmed
    ..Classification is based on three-dimensional estimation of the trunk and on the orthopedic division of structural scoliosis into 4 grades assumed in Russia. ..
  51. Oliazadeh N, Gorman K, Eveleigh R, Bourque G, Moreau A. Identification of Elongated Primary Cilia with Impaired Mechanotransduction in Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients. Sci Rep. 2017;7:44260 pubmed publisher
    ..Idiopathic scoliosis (IS) is a complex pediatric disease of unknown cause, defined by abnormal spinal curvatures. We demonstrate significant elongation of primary cilia in IS patient bone cells...
  52. Sears W. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion for lytic spondylolisthesis: restoration of sagittal balance using insert-and-rotate interbody spacers. Spine J. 2005;5:161-9 pubmed
    ..The insert-and-rotate posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) technique, first described by Jaslow in 1946, may enable surgeons to safely and effectively correct sagittal balance through a single posterior approach...
  53. Lawson V, King W, Arnold W. Bent spine syndrome as an early manifestation of myotonic dystrophy type 1. J Clin Neuromuscul Dis. 2013;15:58-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings emphasize the heterogeneity of DM1 and underscore the importance of considering DM1 as a cause of bent spine syndrome. ..
  54. Vaidyanathan S, Johnson H, Singh G, Hughes P, Soni B, Parsons K, et al. Atrophy of kidney following extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy of renal calculus in a paraplegic patient with marked spinal curvature. Spinal Cord. 2002;40:609-14 pubmed
    ..To discuss a rare complication of extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) of renal calculus in a paraplegic patient, who had marked curvature of thoracic and lumbar spine...
  55. Spiegel D, Loder R, Alley K, Rowley S, Gutknecht S, Smith Wright D, et al. Spinal deformity following selective dorsal rhizotomy. J Pediatr Orthop. 2004;24:30-6 pubmed
    ..Back pain was identified in 4 of the 79 patients at last follow-up, 2 of whom had spondylolisthesis. As some cases of spondylolisthesis will remain asymptomatic, periodic radiographic follow-up is recommended...
  56. Haden N, Latimer M, Seeley H, Laing R. Loss of inter-vertebral disc height after anterior cervical discectomy. Br J Neurosurg. 2005;19:469-74 pubmed
    ..Neither loss of disc height nor disturbance of cervical alignment compromised clinical outcome in the first year following ACD...
  57. Dimar J, Carreon L, Labelle H, Djurasovic M, Weidenbaum M, Brown C, et al. Intra- and inter-observer reliability of determining radiographic sagittal parameters of the spine and pelvis using a manual and a computer-assisted methods. Eur Spine J. 2008;17:1373-9 pubmed publisher
  58. Harrop J, Jeyamohan S, Sharan A, Ratliff J, Vaccaro A. Iliac bolt fixation: an anatomic approach. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2009;22:541-4 pubmed publisher
    ..An illustrative technique display and discussions...
  59. Ishii K, Matsumoto M, Takahashi Y, Okada E, Watanabe K, Tsuji T, et al. Risk factors for development of subaxial subluxations following atlantoaxial arthrodesis for atlantoaxial subluxations in rheumatoid arthritis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010;35:1551-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Retrospective radiographic/imaging study...
  60. Papadakis M, Papagelopoulos P, Papadokostakis G, Sapkas G, Damilakis J, Katonis P. The impact of bone mineral density on the degree of curvature of the lumbar spine. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2011;11:46-51 pubmed
    ..Nonetheless, studies of the correlation between bone mineral density (BMD) and spinal curvatures have produced contradictory results...
  61. Kim M, Lee S, Kim E, Eoh W, Chung S, Lee C. The impact of sagittal balance on clinical results after posterior interbody fusion for patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis: a pilot study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2011;12:69 pubmed publisher
    ..This series suggests that consideration of sagittal balance during posterior interbody fusion for degenerative spondylolisthesis can yield high levels of patient satisfaction and restore spinal balance..
  62. Williams J, Haq I, Lee R. The effect of pain relief on dynamic changes in lumbar curvature. Man Ther. 2013;18:149-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Dynamic changes in curvature as displayed by sequencing showed that neither acute nor chronic LBP sufferers were more likely to respond to pain relief...
  63. Ibrahim T, Sweis R, Nockels R. Reversible postoperative blindness caused by bilateral status epilepticus amauroticus following thoracolumbar deformity correction: case report. J Neurosurg Spine. 2017;27:63-67 pubmed publisher
    ..After electrographic seizure cessation for 48 hours, the patient was weaned off midazolam. The patient was maintained on levetiracetam and lacosamide without seizure recurrence and returned to his preoperative visual baseline status...
  64. Bach J. Successful pregnancies for ventilator users. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2003;82:226-9 pubmed
    ..The up to continuous use of noninvasive intermittent positive pressure ventilation can permit the natural completion of pregnancies of women with little or no ability to breathe unaided...
  65. Tsirikos A, Saifuddin A, Noordeen M. Spinal deformity in neurofibromatosis type-1: diagnosis and treatment. Eur Spine J. 2005;14:427-39 pubmed
    ..This should be performed using abundant autologous bone graft and segmental posterior instrumentation to minimize the risk of non-union and recurrence of the deformity...
  66. Crawford A, Schorry E. Neurofibromatosis update. J Pediatr Orthop. 2006;26:413-23 pubmed
    ..4%; and plexiform neurofibromas, 25%. The orthopedic complications can be managed, but only rarely are they cured. Current developments in molecular genetics are exciting and give hope to more positive outcomes...
  67. Prybis B, Pugh L, Stasikelis P. Cardiac screening in congenital spine disorders. J Pediatr Orthop. 2007;27:123-5 pubmed
    ..It was our hypothesis that the anomalies are clinically obvious; thus, screening with electrocardiogram (ECG) or echocardiogram for occult disease would prove unnecessary after orthopaedic referral...
  68. Kastrup A, Gdynia H, Nagele T, Riecker A. Dropped-head syndrome due to steroid responsive focal myositis: a case report and review of the literature. J Neurol Sci. 2008;267:162-5 pubmed
  69. Kim J, Lee K, Lee S, Lee H. Which lumbar interbody fusion technique is better in terms of level for the treatment of unstable isthmic spondylolisthesis?. J Neurosurg Spine. 2010;12:171-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare clinical and radiographic outcomes of 2 kinds of lumbar interbody fusion (LIF) for the treatment of adult low-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis at L4-5 and L5-S1 levels...
  70. Wadia P, Tan G, Munhoz R, Fox S, Lewis S, Lang A. Surgical correction of kyphosis in patients with camptocormia due to Parkinson's disease: a retrospective evaluation. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2011;82:364-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Despite prolonged postoperative courses, including a high complication rate and the need for multiple revisions, both patients benefited from the procedures...
  71. Laslett L, Just Nee Foley S, Quinn S, Winzenberg T, Jones G. Excess body fat is associated with higher risk of vertebral deformities in older women but not in men: a cross-sectional study. Osteoporos Int. 2012;23:67-74 pubmed publisher
    ..We found an association between measures of obesity and prevalence and number of vertebral deformities in women but not in men, in a cross-sectional study of 1,011 participants aged 50-80 years...
  72. Shapiro G, Boachie Adjei O, Dhawlikar S, Maier L. The use of Epoetin alfa in complex spine deformity surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2002;27:2067-71 pubmed
    ..A prospective, randomized trial comparing Epoetin alfa (Procrit) with placebo saline injection to determine effectiveness in increasing erythropoietic recovery in complex spine deformity surgery...
  73. Warschburger P, Landgraf J, Petermann F, Freidel K. Health-related quality of life in children assessed by their parents: evaluation of the psychometric properties of the CHQ-PF50 in two German clinical samples. Qual Life Res. 2003;12:291-301 pubmed
    ..Preliminary psychometric findings support use of the German version of the CHQ. The next step will be the testing of healthy German samples and development of norm scores...
  74. Johnson J, Pashman R, Lauryssen C, Anand N, Regan J, Bray R. The changing role for neurosurgeons and the treatment of spinal deformity. J Neurosurg Spine. 2005;2:233-42 pubmed
    ..The authors describe basic and advanced concepts of spinal deformity management with cases to illustrate teaching points...
  75. Elliott M, Slakey J. Thoracic pedicle screw placement: analysis using anatomical landmarks without image guidance. J Pediatr Orthop. 2007;27:582-6 pubmed
    ..Prospective laboratory study analyzing the technique of pedicle screw placement in a cadaveric model...
  76. Detsch C, Luz A, Candotti C, de Oliveira D, Lazaron F, Guimarães L, et al. [Prevalence of postural changes in high school students in a city in southern Brazil]. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2007;21:231-8 pubmed
    ..To estimate the prevalence of lateral and anteroposterior postural changes in female adolescents and to investigate whether these changes are associated with certain socioeconomic, demographic, anthropometric, or behavioral variables...
  77. Burch S, Hu S, Berven S. Aneurysmal bone cysts of the spine. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2008;19:41-7 pubmed
    ..The article reviews aneurysmal bone cysts of the spine and current diagnostic tests approaches and therapeutic interventions are discussed...
  78. Eissa A, Moustafa M, El Husseiny I, Saeid S, Saleh O, Borhan T. Identification of some skeletal deformities in freshwater teleosts raised in Egyptian aquaculture. Chemosphere. 2009;77:419-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Some of the deformities were confirmed using both sonographic and histopathological evaluations. The reasons for the observed deformities could not be definitively determined, but possible aetiologies are discussed...
  79. Horacek O, Mazanec R, Morris C, Kobesova A. Spinal deformities in hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy: a retrospective qualitative, quantitative, genotypical, and familial analysis of 175 patients. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007;32:2502-8 pubmed
    ..Retrospective study of 175 patients with hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN), i.e., Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease...
  80. Chang T, Sponseller P, Kebaish K, Fishman E. Low profile pelvic fixation: anatomic parameters for sacral alar-iliac fixation versus traditional iliac fixation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009;34:436-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Three-dimensional computed tomography (CT) radiographic analysis...
  81. Kadowaki E, Tamaki J, Iki M, Sato Y, Chiba Y, Kajita E, et al. Prevalent vertebral deformity independently increases incident vertebral fracture risk in middle-aged and elderly Japanese women: the Japanese Population-based Osteoporosis (JPOS) Cohort Study. Osteoporos Int. 2010;21:1513-22 pubmed publisher
    ..We report a 3-fold increase in this risk in a population-based cohort of Japanese women after adjusting for subject propensity for having vertebral deformities. This relationship tended to be stronger in middle-aged women...
  82. Barrey C, Roussouly P, Perrin G, Le Huec J. Sagittal balance disorders in severe degenerative spine. Can we identify the compensatory mechanisms?. Eur Spine J. 2011;20 Suppl 5:626-33 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this paper was thus to describe the different compensatory mechanisms which are observed in the spine, pelvis and/or lower limbs areas for patients with severe degenerative spine...
  83. Bruno A, Anderson D, D Agostino J, Bouxsein M. The effect of thoracic kyphosis and sagittal plane alignment on vertebral compressive loading. J Bone Miner Res. 2012;27:2144-51 pubmed publisher
  84. Hirano K, Imagama S, Hasegawa Y, Wakao N, Muramoto A, Ishiguro N. Impact of spinal imbalance and back muscle strength on locomotive syndrome in community-living elderly people. J Orthop Sci. 2012;17:532-7 pubmed publisher
    ..quot; The current study investigates the influence of spinal factors on "locomo" in the elderly...
  85. Ding X, Yu S, Chen B, Lin S, Chang C, Li G. Recent advances in the study of testicular nuclear receptor 4. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2013;14:171-7 pubmed publisher
    ..With the establishment of a tissue-specific TR4(-/-) mouse model, research on TR4 will be more convenient in the future...
  86. Glocker F, Berninger U. [Causes of camptocormia]. Nervenarzt. 2013;84:1007-15; quiz 1016 pubmed publisher
    ..Camptocormia may also be mimicked by osteoporotic fractures of the vertebral bones with wedge-shaped vertebrae. In some cases camptocormia is related to a psychogenic disorder. ..
  87. Kanter A, Tempel Z, Ozpinar A, Okonkwo D. A Review of Minimally Invasive Procedures for the Treatment of Adult Spinal Deformity. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016;41 Suppl 8:S59-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Literature review...
  88. Heini P. The current treatment--a survey of osteoporotic fracture treatment. Osteoporotic spine fractures: the spine surgeon's perspective. Osteoporos Int. 2005;16 Suppl 2:S85-92 pubmed
    ..When surgical stabilization is required, the combination of PMMA reinforcement and fixation with screws appears the only alternative in order to anchor the implants in the severely osteoporotic bone...
  89. Diaz Guzman J, Nunez Enamorado N, Ruiz Jimenez J, Garcia E, Díez Torres I, Ricoy Campo J. [Parkinsonism and Camptocormia with focal spinal myopathy: case report and responsiveness to treatment]. Rev Neurol. 2006;43:466-9 pubmed
    ..It has been recently described several cases with focal spinal myopathy, and we present a patient with this clinical association...
  90. Sutter P, Forster T, Kulling F. [Spinal deformity in Parkinson's disease: a treatment proposal]. Unfallchirurg. 2013;116:955-9 pubmed publisher
    ..An adequate postoperative rehabilitation and good patient care is essential for success. This case illustrates successful treatment of a patient with Parkinson's disease and camptocormia by long stretch segmental fusion. ..
  91. Findlay A, Lewis S, Sahenk Z, Flanigan K. Camptocormia as a late presentation in a manifesting carrier of duchenne muscular dystrophy. Muscle Nerve. 2013;47:124-7 pubmed publisher
    ..It is associated with a wide variety of myopathic disorders that affect paraspinal muscles, including inflammatory and inherited myopathies...
  92. Schlenk R, Kowalski R, Benzel E. Biomechanics of spinal deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2003;14:e2 pubmed
    ..Understanding fundamental biomechanical principles involved in the formation, progression, and treatment of spinal deformities is essential in the clinical decision-making process...