exostoses

Summary

Summary: Benign hypertrophy that projects outward from the surface of bone, often containing a cartilaginous component.

Top Publications

  1. Al Quran F, Al Dwairi Z. Torus palatinus and torus mandibularis in edentulous patients. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2006;7:112-9 pubmed
    ..To determine the prevalence of tori in Jordanian edentulous patients, the sex variation in their distribution, and their clinical characteristics...
  2. Haugen L. Palatine and mandibular tori. A morphologic study in the current Norwegian population. Acta Odontol Scand. 1992;50:65-77 pubmed
    ..The occurrence and propagation of torus mandibularis complies reasonably well with this model, and the present analysis indicates that even torus palatinus should appropriately be considered a threshold character...
  3. Hosoi T, Yoda T, Yamaguchi M, Amano H, Orimo H. Elderly women with oral exostoses had higher bone mineral density. J Bone Miner Metab. 2003;21:120-2 pubmed
    ..569 +/- 0.242 vs -0.271 +/- 0.182; P = 0.0097). These results suggest that some common mechanisms are involved in the elevation of skeletal BMD and the occurrence of oral exostoses.
  4. Bess R, Robbin M, Bohlman H, Thompson G. Spinal exostoses: analysis of twelve cases and review of the literature. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005;30:774-80 pubmed
    Retrospective review of spinal exostoses treated at our institution and literature review.
  5. Stickens D, Zak B, Rougier N, Esko J, Werb Z. Mice deficient in Ext2 lack heparan sulfate and develop exostoses. Development. 2005;132:5055-68 pubmed
    Hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) is a genetically heterogeneous human disease characterized by the development of bony outgrowths near the ends of long bones...
  6. Ramakrishnan J, Pirron J, Perepletchikov A, Ferguson B. Exostoses of the paranasal sinuses. Laryngoscope. 2010;120:2532-4 pubmed publisher
    While bony exostoses of the external auditory canal have long been recognized as a complication of cold-water swimming, bony exostoses of the paranasal sinuses have not been previously reported...
  7. Gyedu A, Arslan E, Koksoy C. Hand ischemia caused by solitary humeral exostosis irritating the brachial artery. Vasa. 2011;40:320-2 pubmed publisher
    ..For patients without risk factors for arterial occlusive disease, imaging of bony structures must be performed in order not to miss the likely cause of an insidious repetitive vascular trauma...
  8. Eggen S, Natvig B. Variation in torus mandibularis prevalence in Norway. A statistical analysis using logistic regression. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1991;19:32-5 pubmed
    ..The question about a possible sexual difference as to the genetic component of liability to torus mandibularis was outside the scope of the present study...
  9. Kerdpon D, Sirirungrojying S. A clinical study of oral tori in southern Thailand: prevalence and the relation to parafunctional activity. Eur J Oral Sci. 1999;107:9-13 pubmed
    ..4 and 1:0.94, respectively. TP was, thus, more frequent in females. A strong association between clenching and grinding and the presence of TM was found. The presence of TM might be useful as a cue to look for signs of parafunction...

More Information

Publications107 found, 100 shown here

  1. Wong B, Cervantes W, Doyle K, Karamzadeh A, Boys P, Brauel G, et al. Prevalence of external auditory canal exostoses in surfers. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1999;125:969-72 pubmed
    To determine (1) the prevalence of external auditory exostoses in a population of surfers and (2) the relationship between the length of time spent surfing and the prevalence, severity, and location of the exostoses.
  2. Maheshwari A, Jain A, Dhammi I. Osteochondroma of C7 vertebra presenting as compressive myelopathy in a patient with nonhereditary (nonfamilial/sporadic) multiple exostoses. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2006;126:654-9 pubmed
    ..arising from C7 vertebra presenting with compressive myelopathy in a patient with nonhereditary multiple exostoses. Our purpose is to report this rare presentation and its successful management, and to highlight the clinico-..
  3. Zak B, Schuksz M, Koyama E, Mundy C, Wells D, Yamaguchi Y, et al. Compound heterozygous loss of Ext1 and Ext2 is sufficient for formation of multiple exostoses in mouse ribs and long bones. Bone. 2011;48:979-87 pubmed publisher
    Multiple Hereditary Exostoses (MHE) syndrome is caused by haploinsufficiency in Golgi-associated heparan sulfate polymerases EXT1 or EXT2 and is characterized by formation of exostoses next to growing long bones and other skeletal ..
  4. Khare G. An analysis of indications for surgical excision and complications in 116 consecutive cases of osteochondroma. Musculoskelet Surg. 2011;95:121-5 pubmed publisher
    ..It is not essential to wait until skeletal maturity as many patients want to get it excised as early as possible for cosmetic reasons. All the cases were relieved of their symptoms. There was no recurrence...
  5. Batstone M, Walton G, Lynham A, Monsour F, Balemans W, Van Hul W. Recurrent sclerosing dysplasia of bone: report of a case. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;66:2372-4 pubmed publisher
  6. Pacifici M. The pathogenic roles of heparan sulfate deficiency in hereditary multiple exostoses. Matrix Biol. 2018;71-72:28-39 pubmed publisher
    ..Hereditary Multiple Exostoses (HME) is a rare pediatric disorder linked to germline heterozygous loss-of-function mutations in EXT1 or EXT2 ..
  7. Chaudhry S, Tappuni A, Challacombe S. Multiple maxillary and mandibular exostoses associated with multiple dermatofibromas: a case report. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2000;89:319-22 pubmed
    b>Exostoses of the maxilla and mandible are nodular protuberances of mature bone that need to be accurately distinguished from other more diagnostically significant lesions, notably exosteal osteomas...
  8. Saxena A. Results of chronic Achilles tendinopathy surgery on elite and nonelite track athletes. Foot Ankle Int. 2003;24:712-20 pubmed
    ..Using the Testa Achilles tendon surgery rating scale, this group of patients had 34 "excellent" and 3 "good" results. The patients who underwent a reoperation were able to achieve "good" or better results. ..
  9. Ozdemir F, Tukenmez O, Kokino S, Turan F. How do marginal osteophytes, joint space narrowing and range of motion affect each other in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Rheumatol Int. 2006;26:516-22 pubmed
    ..We think that definitions which incorporate both osteophytes and joint space narrowing offer the association with worsening of active and passive ROM. ..
  10. Carslake H. Suture exostosis causing obstruction in the nasolacrimal duct in three horses. N Z Vet J. 2009;57:229-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Three horses were presented with facial swelling and epiphora...
  11. D Ambrosi R, Ragone V, Caldarini C, Serra N, Usuelli F, Facchini R. The impact of hereditary multiple exostoses on quality of life, satisfaction, global health status, and pain. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2017;137:209-215 pubmed publisher
    ..of life (QOL), global health status, pain, and level of satisfaction in patients with hereditary multiple exostoses (HME), and to correlate the association between the severity of diseases and age, sex, number of surgical ..
  12. Marret O, Goueffic Y, Pistorius M, Patra P, Chaillou P. Popliteal artery thrombosis secondary to exostosis of the tibia. Ann Vasc Surg. 2001;15:696-8 pubmed
    ..In patients with major functional disability, operative treatment is recommended to remove the bony abnormality and repair the arterial lesion. ..
  13. Spielmann P, McKean S, White R, Hussain S. Surgical management of external auditory canal lesions. J Laryngol Otol. 2013;127:246-51 pubmed publisher
    ..The surgical management is described. This study emphasises the diagnostic differences between exostoses and osteomas, and between external auditory canal cholesteatoma and keratosis obturans...
  14. Kang S, Kim J, Park S. Outcomes of Hemiepiphyseal Stapling for Genu Valgum Deformities in Patients With Multiple Hereditary Exostoses: A Comparative Study of Patients With Deformities of Idiopathic Cause. J Pediatr Orthop. 2017;37:265-271 pubmed publisher
    Patients with multiple hereditary exostoses (MHE) frequently present with a genu valgum deformity...
  15. Auskalnis A, Bernhardt O, Putnienė E, Sidlauskas A, Andriuskeviciute I, Baseviciene N. Oral bony outgrowths: prevalence and genetic factor influence. Study of twins. Medicina (Kaunas). 2015;51:228-32 pubmed publisher
    ..the etiology of oral bony outgrowths and to determine the prevalence and type of oral bony outgrowths (tori and exostoses) among a group of Lithuanian twins...
  16. Chappard D, Bizot P, Mabilleau G, Hubert L. Aluminum and bone: Review of new clinical circumstances associated with Al(3+) deposition in the calcified matrix of bone. Morphologie. 2016;100:95-105 pubmed publisher
    ..Histochemistry is superior to spectroscopic analyses (EDS and WDS in scanning electron microscopy). ..
  17. Davis D, Cohen P. Subungual exostosis: case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Dermatol. 1996;13:212-8 pubmed
    ..Most lesions occur in the early twenties; however, a minimum of 51 (16%) of the 312 cases of subungual exostoses appeared in children 18 years of age or younger. Seventy percent of lesions occurred on the first hallux...
  18. Schuh J, Hall R, Lambert D, Harrington K, Mohler K, Barone D. Periosteal hyperostosis (exostosis) in DBA/1 male mice. Toxicol Pathol. 2002;30:390-3 pubmed
    ..Identification of such confounding bony lesions is important to the interpretation of efficacy studies, and suggests the need to further examine the biology of bone development in this strain of mouse. ..
  19. Toure G. [Contribution of maxillofacial signs in the diagnosis of Gardner syndrome]. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac. 2004;105:177-81 pubmed
    ..Nondigestive and maxillofacial lesions such as osteomas, odontomas, epidermoid inclusion cysts can disclose the syndrome. Colorectal cancer is the most important factor of prognosis. ..
  20. Mannoji C, Yamazaki M, Kamegaya M, Saisu T, Minami S, Takahashi K. Paraparesis caused by rib exostosis in a child with Down syndrome: a case report. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008;33:E911-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Case report...
  21. Stathis G, Economopoulos N, Mavraganis D, Kelekis N, Alexopoulou E. Paracondylar process, a rare normal variant: the value of MRI in the diagnosis. Surg Radiol Anat. 2012;34:281-4 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe the details of this variation emphasizing on awareness of this process, its anatomic relationships and its problems to clinicians, radiologists, surgeons and chiropractors. ..
  22. Blanchette C, Thackeray A, Perrat P, Hekimi S, Benard C. Functional Requirements for Heparan Sulfate Biosynthesis in Morphogenesis and Nervous System Development in C. elegans. PLoS Genet. 2017;13:e1006525 pubmed publisher
    ..In humans, mutations in either of the exostosin genes EXT1 and EXT2 lead to osteosarcomas or multiple exostoses. Complete loss of any of the exostosin glycosyltransferases in mouse, fish, flies and worms leads to drastic ..
  23. Viljoen D, Saxe N, Temple Camp C. Cutaneous manifestations of the Proteus syndrome. Pediatr Dermatol. 1988;5:14-21 pubmed
    ..syndrome is a rare disorder in which the major manifestations are skeletal overgrowth, digital hypertrophy, exostoses of the skull, and hamartomatous tumors. Numerous skin lesions also occur...
  24. Engel E, Lachmann S, Axmann Krcmar D. The prevalence of radiologic TMJ findings and self-reported orofacial pain in a patient group wearing implant dentures. Int J Prosthodont. 2001;14:120-6 pubmed
    ..Radiologic signs of TMJ-OA were common findings. The study gave no indication that long-term wearing of an implant prosthesis has a negative effect on TMJ-OA. It was not possible to predict orofacial pain from radiologic TMJ-OA signs. ..
  25. Richardson R. Variants of exostosis of the bone in children. Semin Roentgenol. 2005;40:380-90 pubmed
  26. Wang D, Derubertis B. Popliteal artery occlusion secondary to exostosis of the femur. Perspect Vasc Surg Endovasc Ther. 2012;24:217-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Successful treatment of patients with vascular complications secondary to osteochondromas has generally required early surgical intervention. ..
  27. Marangi G, Di Giacomo M, Lattante S, Orteschi D, Patrizi S, Doronzio P, et al. A novel truncating variant within exon 7 of KAT6B associated with features of both Say-Barber-Bieseker-Young-Simpson syndrome and genitopatellar syndrome: Further evidence of a continuum in the clinical spectrum of KAT6B-related disorders. Am J Med Genet A. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, it further supports the evidence that a continuum exists within the clinical spectrum of KAT6B-associated disorders...
  28. Devi R, Arna N, Manjunath K, Balasubramanyam -. Incidence of morphological variants of mandibular lingula. Indian J Dent Res. 2003;14:210-3 pubmed
  29. Nakano T, Endo S, Tsubochi H, Tetsuka K. Thoracoscopic findings of an asymptomatic solitary costal exostosis: is surgical intervention required?. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2012;15:933-4 pubmed publisher
    ..This report describes that the thoracoscopic findings of an asymptomatic costal exostosis originate from the costochondral junction, demonstrating that this condition may cause more extensive thoracic organ injury than expected...
  30. Gavanier M, Blum A. Imaging of benign complications of exostoses of the shoulder, pelvic girdles and appendicular skeleton. Diagn Interv Imaging. 2017;98:21-28 pubmed publisher
    b>Exostoses are the most common benign bone tumors, accounting for 10 to 15% of all bone tumors. They develop at the bone surface by enchondral ossification and stop growing when skeletal maturity has been reached...
  31. Bent J, April M, Ward R. Atypical indications for OtoScan laser-assisted myringotomy. Laryngoscope. 2001;111:87-9 pubmed
    ..Although this report contains preliminary data, the data suggest that OtoLAM may provide an additional option in the care of certain patients who have previously been treated with myringotomy tubes. ..
  32. Friel P, Macintyre D. Bone sequestration from lower 3rd molar region. Br Dent J. 2002;193:366 pubmed
  33. Hetzler D. Osteotome technique for removal of symptomatic ear canal exostoses. Laryngoscope. 2007;117:1-14 pubmed
    This study was undertaken to assess a transcanal osteotome technique for removing symptomatic ear canal exostoses. Outcome measures included healing rates and the rate of complications. Prospective study in a private practice...
  34. Reddy V, Abdelrahman T, Lau A, Flanagan P. Surfers' awareness of the preventability of 'surfer's ear' and use of water precautions. J Laryngol Otol. 2011;125:551-3 pubmed publisher
    To establish surfers' knowledge of the preventability of external auditory canal exostoses ('surfer's ear'), and their use of water precautions. Survey of surfers conducted between December 2009 and March 2010 at beaches in Cornwall, UK...
  35. Jerosch J, Nasef N. Endoscopic calcaneoplasty--rationale, surgical technique, and early results: a preliminary report. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2003;11:190-5 pubmed
    ..Surgery lasted on average 46 min (range 28-84). There were no intra- or postoperative complications. Endoscopic calcaneoplasty is an effective minimally invasive treatment option for patients with retrocalcaneal bursitis. ..
  36. Hetzler D, Longridge N. Exocytosis of the external auditory canal. Otol Neurotol. 2003;24:523; author reply 523 pubmed
  37. Polizzotto M, Cousins V, Schwarer A. Bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the auditory canal. Br J Haematol. 2006;132:114 pubmed
  38. Trinkaus E, Wu X. External auditory exostoses in the Xuchang and Xujiayao human remains: Patterns and implications among eastern Eurasian Middle and Late Pleistocene crania. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0189390 pubmed publisher
    In the context of Middle and Late Pleistocene eastern Eurasian human crania, the external auditory exostoses (EAE) of the late archaic Xuchang 1 and 2 and the Xujiayao 15 early Late Pleistocene human temporal bones are described...
  39. Altuna Mariezkurrena X, Vea Orte J, Camacho Arrioaga J, Algaba Guimerá J. [Surgical treatment of exostosis in the external auditory canal]. Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp. 2006;57:257-61 pubmed
    b>Exostoses of the external auditory canal are benign bony tumours very common in individuals who frequently participate in aquatic activities...
  40. Drew H, Zweig B. Use of a buccal exostosis autograft for alveolar ridge augmentation: an aid to implant placement. J N J Dent Assoc. 2007;78:40-2 pubmed
  41. Hoch B, Montag A. Reactive bone lesions mimicking neoplasms. Semin Diagn Pathol. 2011;28:102-12 pubmed
    ..Several of these lesions have had characteristic chromosomal translocations documented in recent years, but continue to be included as reactive lesions based on their overall clinicopathological features. ..
  42. Muntianu L, Comes C, Rusu M. Palatal and mandibular tori in a Romanian removable denture-wearing population. Gerodontology. 2011;28:209-12 pubmed publisher
    ..05) having a peak at over 60 years. The preferential site of TP in the posterior palatal area and this location has an impact on decision making in treatment planning for the upper denture. ..
  43. Kün Darbois J, Guillaume B, Chappard D. Asymmetric bone remodeling in mandibular and maxillary tori. Clin Oral Investig. 2017;21:2781-2788 pubmed publisher
    ..Tori may be characterized by a specific asymmetric bone remodeling which seems to determine their shape. This finding could constitute a specific histological feature allowing to differentiate tori from exostoses. Graphical abstract.
  44. Inubushi T, Lemire I, Irie F, Yamaguchi Y. Palovarotene inhibits osteochondroma formation in a mouse model of multiple hereditary exostoses. J Bone Miner Res. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    Multiple hereditary exostoses (MHE), also known as multiple osteochondromas (MO), is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the development of multiple cartilage-capped bone tumors (osteochondromas)...
  45. Brandt K. Chondrocalcinosis, osteophytes and osteoarthritis. Ann Rheum Dis. 2003;62:499-500 pubmed
  46. Timofeev I, Notkina N, Smith I. Exostoses of the external auditory canal: a long-term follow-up study of surgical treatment. Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 2004;29:588-94 pubmed
    To determine the postoperative incidence, extent and recurrence rate of exostoses of the external auditory canal in a cohort of patients involved in different water sports...
  47. Doherty J, Maceri D. Ossicular discontinuity and exostoses in Proteus syndrome: a case report. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2005;114:242-6 pubmed
    ..The presence of unilateral external auditory canal exostoses in a patient who is not a swimmer or surfer is suggestive of PS. However, hearing loss is not a typical feature...
  48. Waldschmidt U, Slongo T. An unusual cause of paralysis of the peroneal nerve-a case report. J Pediatr Surg. 2010;45:259-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Patients with exostosis showed varying outcomes. In children with symptoms suspicious of nerve compression, fast diagnosis and immediate treatment are mandatory to regain best possible recovery. ..
  49. Srinivasan J, Reddy V, Flanagan P. Audiological implications of earplugs used for the prevention of aural exostoses. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2012;269:787-90 pubmed publisher
    External auditory canal exostoses may be a preventable disease, so it is surprising that the regular use of water precautions is not greater among surfers. One reason for this is the impairment of hearing whilst wearing earplugs...
  50. Kroon D, Lawson M, Derkay C, Hoffmann K, McCook J. Surfer's ear: external auditory exostoses are more prevalent in cold water surfers. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2002;126:499-504 pubmed
    The study goal was to demonstrate the prevalence and severity of external auditory exostoses (EAEs) in a population of surfers and to examine the relationship between these lesions and the length of time surfed as well as water ..
  51. Lachmann S, Engel E, Axmann D, Weber H. Radiographic study of changes in the mandibular condyle after implant prosthodontic rehabilitation. Int J Prosthodont. 2004;17:565-70 pubmed
  52. Capote A, Rodriguez F, Blasco A, Muñoz M. Jacob's disease associated with temporomandibular joint dysfunction: a case report. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2005;10:210-4 pubmed
    ..The histopathological diagnosis of the coronoid sample was cartilage-capped exostoses with presence of articular fibrous cartilage...
  53. Arnoldner C, Stover T, Bartling S, Windhagen A, Durisin M, Averbeck T, et al. [Exostosis of the internal auditory canal in a patient with myotonic dystrophy]. Laryngorhinootologie. 2006;85:755-9 pubmed
  54. Kurtzman G, Silverstein L, Shatz P. A technique for surgical mandibular exostosis removal. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2006;27:540-3 pubmed
    ..The removal of the exostosis is illustrated through the use of a device that serves as an alternative to a scalpel, offering a safe, predictable outcome...
  55. Tachibana Y, Yamazaki Y, Ninomiya S. Discoid medial meniscus. Arthroscopy. 2003;19:E12-8 pubmed
    ..Axial multiplanar gradient-recalled-echo imaging could provide images of the discoid meniscus, depicted in its entirety in one section. This would make the recognition of a discoid meniscus simple...
  56. Farah C, Savage N. Oral ulceration with bone sequestration. Aust Dent J. 2003;48:61-4 pubmed
    ..of the mucosa overlying the lingual shelf and mylohyoid ridge of the mandible and, less commonly on tori and exostoses, in association with bone sequestration...
  57. Takao M, Uchio Y, Naito K, Kono T, Oae K, Ochi M. Arthroscopic treatment for anterior impingement exostosis of the ankle: application of three-dimensional computed tomography. Foot Ankle Int. 2004;25:59-62 pubmed
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the operative results of excision of anterior impingement exostoses of the ankle. Preoperative three-dimensional computed tomography (3DCT) was used to make the diagnoses...
  58. Jones B, Kinninmonth A. Low-energy hip dislocation in the young. J Trauma. 2005;58:638-9 pubmed
  59. Okumura M, Boyadjian C, Eggers S. Auditory exostoses as an aquatic activity marker: a comparison of coastal and inland skeletal remains from tropical and subtropical regions of Brazil. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2007;132:558-67 pubmed
    Auditory exostoses are bone masses located in the external auditory canal...
  60. Pollock J, Brogdon B, Simonds J, Boudreaux C, Nimityongskul P, Massi D. Multifocal variant of heterotopic ossification. Br J Radiol. 2008;81:e88-92 pubmed publisher
    ..multiple occurrences of lesions similar to myositis ossificans atraumatica as well as some lesions resembling exostoses/osteochondromas...
  61. Masquijo J, Bassini O, Paganini F, Goyeneche R, Miscione H. Congenital elevation of the scapula: surgical treatment with Mears technique. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009;29:269-74 pubmed publisher
    ..To date, there are no studies in literature that supported the initial results obtained by this author. The aim of our study is to evaluate the appearance and range of motion obtained with Mears technique...
  62. Tan K, Tan S, Aw D, Lee Y. Fibro-osseous pseudotumor of the digit: Presentation as an enlarging erythematous cutaneous nodule. Dermatol Online J. 2010;16:7 pubmed
    ..The growth is considered benign and local recurrence following complete excision is unusual...
  63. Baik F, Nguyen L, Doherty J, Harris J, Mafee M, Nguyen Q. Comparative case series of exostoses and osteomas of the internal auditory canal. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2011;120:255-60 pubmed
    b>Exostoses and osteomas are benign bony lesions of the auditory canal. Although common in the external auditory canal, they are rare and difficult to distinguish in the internal auditory canal (IAC)...
  64. Vining N, Done S, Glass I, Parnell S, Sternen D, Leppig K, et al. EXT2-positive multiple hereditary osteochondromas with some features suggestive of metachondromatosis. Skeletal Radiol. 2012;41:607-10 pubmed publisher
  65. Manso Díaz G, Taeymans O. Imaging diagnosis--nasofrontal suture exostosis in a horse. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2012;53:573-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Computed tomography (CT) of the head, including CT dacryorhinocystography, confirmed the diagnosis and allowed presurgical planning of resection of the exostosis, which resulted in resolution of the clinical signs...
  66. Gonçalves T, de Oliveira J, Sánchez Ayala A, Rodrigues Garcia R. Surgical resection and prosthetic treatment of an extensive mandibular torus. Gen Dent. 2013;61:65-8 pubmed
    ..The surgical procedure and prosthetic treatment performed in the treatment of the mandibular torus in this clinical case is a viable treatment that produces few complications and re-establishes normal masticatory function...
  67. Gauss A, Tugtekin I, Georgieff M, Dinse Lambracht A, Keipke D, Gorsewski G. Incidence of clinically symptomatic pneumothorax in ultrasound-guided infraclavicular and supraclavicular brachial plexus block. Anaesthesia. 2014;69:327-36 pubmed publisher
    ..Faulty image-setting, inability to obtain a view of the needle tip and inadequate supervision are likely to be important risk factors...
  68. Carroll R, Chance J, Inan Y. Subungual exostosis in the hand. J Hand Surg Br. 1992;17:569-74 pubmed
    ..Removal of the deformed nail and excision of the mass from the distal phalanx produces a useful finger without pain, tender scar, or resultant nail deformity. No case of malignancy has ever been reported...
  69. Schneider W, Niehus W, Knahr K. Haglund's syndrome: disappointing results following surgery -- a clinical and radiographic analysis. Foot Ankle Int. 2000;21:26-30 pubmed
    ..Based on this evaluation, we advise to be cautious to indicate the operation. All possibilities of conservative treatment should be performed prior to surgery...
  70. Al Bayaty H, Murti P, Matthews R, Gupta P. An epidemiological study of tori among 667 dental outpatients in Trinidad & Tobago, West Indies. Int Dent J. 2001;51:300-4 pubmed
    ..To study the prevalence of tori amongst dental outpatients, the ethnic and sex variations in their distribution, and their clinical features...
  71. Bruce I, Ndanu T, Addo M. Epidemiological aspects of oral tori in a Ghanaian community. Int Dent J. 2004;54:78-82 pubmed
    ..To determine the prevalence of oral tori, commonly found among Ghanaians, and compare with that in other regions...
  72. Lane G, London B. Heel spur syndrome: a retrospective report on the percutaneous plantar transverse incisional approach. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2004;43:389-94 pubmed
    ..Based on a 10-point visual analog scale, pain improved from an average of 8.4 +/- 0.3 preoperatively to 1.2 +/- 0.3 at the time of the survey. The surgical technique is also described...
  73. Lee S, Pho R. Report of an unusual case of trigger finger secondary to phalangeal exostosis. Hand Surg. 2005;10:135-8 pubmed
    ..Removal of the exostosis relieved the problem. The clinician must be aware that there are other causes for triggering. These may be identified with pertinent findings in the history and physical examination...
  74. Fritz A, Reddy D, Meehan J, Jamali A. Femoral neck exostosis, a manifestation of cam/pincer combined femoroacetabular impingement. Arthroscopy. 2010;26:121-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In both cases there was essentially no evidence of osteoarthritis of the hip. However, in both cases raised exostoses were evident on the anterolateral femoral neck in the region that commonly comes into contact with the ..
  75. Morais P. Subungual nodule of the great toe. Aust Fam Physician. 2013;42:213-5 pubmed
    ..Examination revealed an exophytic, non-tender, fixed, firm flesh-coloured subungal nodule on the dorsal aspect of the right great toe. The lesion was about 10 mm in diameter and was associated with nail plate deformity and onycholysis...
  76. Abrams S. Complete denture covering mandibular tori using three base materials: a case report. J Can Dent Assoc. 2000;66:494-6 pubmed
    ..Large mandibular tori can prevent complete seating of impression trays and denture. To address this problem, we fabricated a new mandibular complete denture incorporating a combination of soft acrylic flanges and liners...
  77. Biermann J. Common benign lesions of bone in children and adolescents. J Pediatr Orthop. 2002;22:268-73 pubmed
  78. Hyde T. Case report: differential pressure impressions for complete dentures. Eur J Prosthodont Restor Dent. 2003;11:5-8 pubmed
    ..A method of producing a differential pressure, secondary impression of a lower arch with a sharp bony ridge is described. The use of this technique allows the clinician to dictate where the load is to be borne by the mucosa...
  79. Emshoff R, Brandlmaier I, Bodner G, Rudisch A. Condylar erosion and disc displacement: detection with high-resolution ultrasonography. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2003;61:877-81 pubmed
    ..Our goal was to determine the feasibility of high-resolution sonography for the detection of condylar erosion and associated disc displacement at the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) condyle...
  80. Shah N, Bridgman J. An extraction complicated by lateral and medial pterygoid tethering of a fractured maxillary tuberosity. Br Dent J. 2005;198:543-4 pubmed
    ..When this complication is recognised by the general dentist the maxillary tuberosity should not be removed and the patient referred to a specialist unit...
  81. Abbas M, Khan A, Siddiqui Y, Khan B. Young adult and giant cervical exostosis. Saudi Med J. 2011;32:80-2 pubmed
    ..Here, we briefly portray the presenting features, radiographic findings, and management options...
  82. Lucchetta M, Liotta G, Briani C, Marquez E, Martinoli C, Coraci D, et al. Ultrasound diagnosis of peroneal nerve variant in a child with compressive mononeuropathy. J Pediatr Surg. 2011;46:405-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The association of ultrasonographic and neurophysiologic studies was crucial in identifying the etiopathologic mechanism and anatomical picture and provided clinicians and surgeons with important information in planning the procedure...
  83. Romanos G, Sarmiento H, Yunker M, Malmstrom H. Prevalence of torus mandibularis in Rochester, New York, region. N Y State Dent J. 2013;79:25-7 pubmed
    ..In the Rochester, New York, area the observations noted a high prevalence of torus mandibularis (37.8%), with a mean population age of 40 years; 52% of the tori were observed in men...
  84. Hassan K, Al Agal A, Abdel Hady A, Swelam W, Elgazzar R. Mandibular tori as bone grafts: an alternative treatment for periodontal osseous defects - clinical, radiographic and histologic morphology evaluation. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2015;16:192-200 pubmed
    ..The use of mandibular tori as autogenous bone graft could provide benefits as a periodontal therapeutic modality and enhance regenerative potential of periodontal intraosseous defects. ..
  85. Cheng J. Distraction lengthening of the forearm. J Hand Surg Br. 1991;16:441-5 pubmed
    ..Five had lengthening of the ulna and two of the radius. Four cases had multiple exostoses, two had post-traumatic distal epiphyseal arrests and one had dyschondrosteosis...
  86. Seah Y. Torus palatinus and torus mandibularis: a review of the literature. Aust Dent J. 1995;40:318-21 pubmed
    ..Hence, both genetic and environmental factors determine liability, making the system multifactorial...
  87. Rimmer S, Bhoora I, Hooper G. Scaphoid exostosis and radio-carpal osteoarthrosis. J Hand Surg Br. 1995;20:741-4 pubmed
    ..We believe that the exostosis is secondary to impingement of the scaphoid on the radial styloid process and is a consequence rather than a cause of osteoarthrosis. Conservative management is advised...
  88. Lokiec F, Ezra E, Krasin E, Keret D, Wientroub S. A simple and efficient surgical technique for subungual exostosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2001;21:76-9 pubmed
    ..Rapid recovery and excellent cosmetic appearance were achieved immediately after the operation...
  89. Pechenkina E, Benfer R. The role of occlusal stress and gingival infection in the formation of exostoses on mandible and maxilla from Neolithic China. Homo. 2002;53:112-30 pubmed
    b>Exostoses on the mandible and maxilla is a frequently observed bone growth of controversial aetiology...
  90. Girard J, Laffargue P, Migaud H, Boutry N. [Pseudo-winging of the scapula and snapping scapula secondary to solitary exostosis: two cases]. Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot. 2003;89:449-52 pubmed
    ..The association of these two signs is highly suggestive, if not pathognomonic, of exostosis of the ventral aspect of the scapula. Resection of the exostosis is recommended to prevent pain and sarcomatous degeneration...
  91. Tol J, van Dijk C. Anterior ankle impingement. Foot Ankle Clin. 2006;11:297-310, vi pubmed
    ..For grade II lesions (osteophytes secondary to arthritis with joint space narrowing) arthroscopic treatment is a good option, because no other therapeutic option is available with the exception of an arthrodesis or prothesis...
  92. Cooper A, Tong R, Neil R, Owens D, Tomkinson A. External auditory canal exostoses in white water kayakers. Br J Sports Med. 2010;44:144-7 pubmed publisher
    In this study, the presence and severity of external auditory canal exostoses (EACE) in a group of white water kayakers related to the duration and intensity of kayaking and the number of ear infections reported were identified.