munchausen syndrome by proxy
Summary: A phenomenon in which symptoms of a disease are fabricated by an individual other than the patient causing unnecessary, and often painful, physical examinations and treatments. This syndrome is considered a form of CHILD ABUSE, since another individual, usually a parent, is the source of the fabrication of symptoms and presents the child for medical care.
- Giurgea I, Ulinski T, Touati G, Sempoux C, Mochel F, Brunelle F, et al. Factitious hyperinsulinism leading to pancreatectomy: severe forms of Munchausen syndrome by proxy. Pediatrics. 2005;116:e145-8 pubmed..One percent (2 of 250) of all cases of hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia in our unit have been identified as Munchausen syndrome by proxy. Atypical disease history should raise the question of factitious hypoglycemia.
- Sugar J, Belfer M, Israel E, Herzog D. A 3-year-old boy's chronic diarrhea and unexplained death. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1991;30:1015-21 pubmed..The fatal case of a three year-old boy hospitalized for chronic diarrhea is described. The diagnosis of Munchausen's by Proxy is discussed, and the approach to such cases is explored. ..
- Kirschbaum K, Musshoff F, Madea B. Unclear loss of consciousness after clobutinol intake. Forensic Sci Int. 2009;189:e37-40 pubmed publisher..did not lead to any explanation of his condition, the administration of drugs in the context of Munchausen syndrome by proxy was suspected...
- Janas Kozik M, Albert J, Kresimon E, Stokowacka Zakrzewska M, Wawrzyniak K. [Somatic disease or Munchausen syndrome by proxy? Mother's or child's disease? Diagnostic controversies]. Przegl Lek. 2007;64 Suppl 3:72-5 pubmedINTRODUCTIONn: The Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy occurs when parents make a child believe he or she suffers from a disease while in fact this is not true...
- Christie Smith D, Gartner C. Special report: highlights of the 2004 Institute on Psychiatric Services. Psychiatr Serv. 2005;56:16-21 pubmed
- Lasher L. Munchausen by Proxy (MBP) maltreatment: an international educational challenge. Child Abuse Negl. 2003;27:409-11 pubmed
- Vanelli M. Munchausen's syndrome by proxy web-mediated in a child with factitious hyperglycemia. J Pediatr. 2002;141:839 pubmed
- Sanders M, Bursch B. Forensic assessment of illness falsification, Munchausen by proxy, and factitious disorder, NOS. Child Maltreat. 2002;7:112-24 pubmed..a) Is there evidence that child abuse did occur? (b) Does the alleged perpetrator meet criteria forfactitious disorder, NOS (or factitious disorder by proxy)? and (c) What management and treatment recommendations should be made? ..
- ..A brit és a magyar jogi vonatkozások, módszertani irányelvek, valamint a probléma feltárásában és kezelésében a pszichiáter szerepe és felel?ssége is megbeszélésre kerül. Orv. Hetil., 2014, 155(18), 694–702. ..
- Pankratz L. Persistent problems with the Munchausen syndrome by proxy label. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2006;34:90-5 pubmedAfter nearly 30 years of clinical and legal experience, the definition of Munchausen syndrome by proxy remains controversial...
- Warner J. Child protection and allergy. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2005;16:621 pubmed
- Lindahl M. Beyond Munchausen by proxy: a proposed conceptualization for cases of recurring, unsubstantiated sexual abuse allegations. J Child Sex Abus. 2009;18:206-20 pubmed publisher..Defining the set of cases more clearly can aid child protection workers in their management and encourage research on prevalence, consequences to children, treatment strategies, and needed legal reforms. ..
- ..Only careful inspection by the medical teams, dialogue and co-operation can bring to an end the harmful behavior of Joy's mother. ..
- Ben Yehuda Y. [Medical child abuse, another name for Munchausen's syndrome by proxy]. Harefuah. 2009;148:500-1, 574 pubmed..In this article we describe medical child abuse and the means of diagnosing the syndrome. It is also stressed that, as in the case of any other form of child maltreatment, reporting is mandatory. ..
- Denny S, Grant C, Pinnock R. Epidemiology of Munchausen syndrome by proxy in New Zealand. J Paediatr Child Health. 2001;37:240-3 pubmedTo determine the epidemiology of Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP) in New Zealand and describe the effects of this condition on children and their paediatricians. A mail-out survey was sent to all paediatricians in New Zealand in 1999...
- Kucuker H, Demir T, Oral R. Pediatric condition falsification (Munchausen syndrome by Proxy) as a continuum of maternal factitious disorder (Munchausen syndrome). Pediatr Diabetes. 2010;11:572-8 pubmed publisherPediatric condition falsification (PCF), also known as Munchausen syndrome by Proxy or Medical Child Abuse, is a somewhat rare form of child abuse and neglect...
- Saad G. Munchausen by proxy: the dark side of parental investment theory?. Med Hypotheses. 2010;75:479-81 pubmed publisher..b>Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy (MSbP) occurs when a caregiver feigns or causes a medical condition in a dependent (typically a child)...
- Olry R, Haines D. Historical and literary roots of Münchhausen syndromes: as intriguing as the syndromes themselves. Prog Brain Res. 2013;206:123-41 pubmed publisher..This chapter examines the legitimacy of these terms in the light of historical and literary records and analyzes the synonyms or clinical types as found in medical publications. ..
- Thomas K. Munchausen syndrome by proxy: identification and diagnosis. J Pediatr Nurs. 2003;18:174-80 pubmed..b>Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy (MSBP) is a hidden and deceitful abuse whereby a caretaker of a child, usually the mother, fabricates ..
- Hettler J. Munchausen syndrome by proxy. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2002;18:371-4; quiz 375-6 pubmed
- Berent D, Florkowski A, Gałecki P. [Münchausen syndrome by proxy]. Psychiatr Pol. 2010;44:245-54 pubmed
- Bouaziz Abed A, Mustapha R, Chiha M. [Fortuitous discovery of intracerebral foreign body leads to the diagnosis of Munchausen syndrome by proxy]. Arch Pediatr. 2011;18:1181-4 pubmed publisher..The fortuitous discovery at 22 months of age of a 4.5-cm-long sewing needle in his brain probably introduced via the fontanel led us to the diagnosis of Munchausen syndrome by proxy.
- Fujiwara T, Okuyama M, Kasahara M, Nakamura A. Differences of Munchausen syndrome by proxy according to predominant symptoms in Japan. Pediatr Int. 2008;50:537-40 pubmed publisherThe purpose of the present paper was to investigate differing characteristics of Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP) between subjects with predominantly physical symptoms and those with predominantly psychological symptoms...
- Greiner M, Palusci V, Keeshin B, Kearns S, Sinal S. A preliminary screening instrument for early detection of medical child abuse. Hosp Pediatr. 2013;3:39-44 pubmed
- Feldman K, Stout J, Inglis A. Asthma, allergy, and sinopulmonary disease in pediatric condition falsification. Child Maltreat. 2002;7:125-31 pubmed..Children with PCF are not only subjected to induced illnesses and excessive medical diagnostic and therapeutic efforts but also victimized b) the consequences of false and exaggerated complaints of common pediatric diseases. ..
- Wenk R. Molecular evidence of Munchausen syndrome by proxy. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2003;127:e36-7 pubmedMany perpetrators of Munchausen syndrome by proxy present bloodstained materials as counterfeit evidence of proxy hemorrhage...
- ..Physicians participate in the abuse by their therapeutic and diagnostical measures. It is very important to think about this diagnostic in any ambiguous situation in order to evaluate and protect the child. ..
- Freckelton I. Munchausen Syndrome bx proxy and criminal prosecutions for child abuse. J Law Med. 2005;12:261-6 pubmed
- Feldman M. Munchausen by proxy and malingering by proxy. Psychosomatics. 2004;45:365-6 pubmed
- Dyer C. Inquiry into death of boy from induced illness recommends tightening of child protection rules. BMJ. 2004;329:191 pubmed
- Leuthner S. Covert video surveillance in pediatric care: the fiduciary relationship with a child. J Clin Ethics. 2004;15:173-5 pubmed
- Meadow R. Different interpretations of Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy. Child Abuse Negl. 2002;26:501-8 pubmedThe definition of Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy is reviewed and considered in the context of the overlap with other harmful behaviors of parents...
- Adshead G. Evidence-based medicine and medicine-based evidence: the expert witness in cases of factitious disorder by proxy. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2005;33:99-105 pubmed
- Wrennall L. Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy/Fabricated and Induced Illness: does the diagnosis serve economic vested interests, rather than the interests of children?. Med Hypotheses. 2007;68:960-6 pubmedThe discourse of Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy/Fabricated and Induced Illness posits the widespread incidence of a highly dangerous form of child abuse in which illness and developmental delay in children, is caused by their parents or ..
- Flaherty E, MacMillan H. Caregiver-fabricated illness in a child: a manifestation of child maltreatment. Pediatrics. 2013;132:590-7 pubmed publisher..Although caregiver-fabricated illness in a child has been widely known as Munchausen syndrome by proxy, there is ongoing discussion about alternative names, including pediatric condition falsification, ..
- Griffiths H, Cuddihy P, Marnane C. Bleeding ears: a case of Munchausen syndrome by proxy. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2001;57:245-7 pubmed..a period of time it became apparent that the persistent aural bleeding, which is an uncommon feature of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media, was the result of trauma inflicted by its mother; a case of Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP).
- Turkmen Z, Ziyalar N, Tari I, Mercan S, Kayiran S, Sener D, et al. Toxicological evaluation of two children diagnosed as Munchausen syndrome by proxy. Turk J Pediatr. 2012;54:283-6 pubmedb>Munchausen syndrome by proxy is a kind of child abuse in which affected children are often hospitalized for long periods and endure repetitive, painful and expensive diagnostic attempts...
- Baskin D, Stein F, Coats D, Paysse E. Recurrent conjunctivitis as a presentation of munchausen syndrome by proxy. Ophthalmology. 2003;110:1582-4 pubmedTo report a case of Munchausen syndrome by proxy, which manifested as recurrent bilateral keratoconjunctivitis in an infant. Interventional case report...
- Lentze M. [With obscure symptoms always at the physician's. Is the "disease" of the child an invention of the mother?]. MMW Fortschr Med. 2003;145:15 pubmed
- Su E, Shoykhet M, Bell M. Severe hypernatremia in a hospitalized child: munchausen by proxy. Pediatr Neurol. 2010;43:270-3 pubmed publisher..This case describes one of the ways that Munchausen syndrome by proxy can manifest with profound neurologic sequelae, and highlights the need for close observation and swift ..
- Eminson M, Jureidini J. Concerns about research and prevention strategies in Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy (MSBP) abuse. Child Abuse Negl. 2003;27:413-20 pubmedThere would seem to be three motives for research into Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy (MSBP) abuse; first to enhance treatment; second to enhance our understanding of the psychopathology of those who carry out the abuse; and third to find ..
- Dyer C. Court dismisses appeals of two mothers. BMJ. 2004;328:1219 pubmed
- Harth W, Taube K, Gieler U. Facticious disorders in dermatology. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges. 2010;8:361-72; quiz 373 pubmed publisher..This categorization is helpful in understanding the different pathogenic mechanisms and the psychodynamics involved, as well as in developing various therapeutic avenues and determining the prognosis. ..
- Lee J, Lin K, Lin J, Hsia S, Wu C. Non-accidental chlorpyrifos poisoning-an unusual cause of profound unconsciousness. Eur J Pediatr. 2010;169:509-11 pubmed publisher..This case report demonstrates decision-making process and how to disclose deliberate chlorpyrifos poisoning of the toddler by the stepmother, another example of Munchausen syndrome by proxy.
- Maida A, Molina M, Erazo R. [Munchausen syndrome by proxy, an unusual presentation]. Rev Med Chil. 2001;129:917-20 pubmed..She was discharged walking. The improvement during hospital stay confirmed the diagnosis of a Münchausen by proxy syndrome, mimicking a disabling neurological condition. ..
- Hall D. The future of child protection. J R Soc Med. 2006;99:6-9 pubmed
- Dyer C. GMC must consider case against paediatricians who suspected parents of fabricating child's illness. BMJ. 2006;332:1110 pubmed
- Birmingham C, Sidhu F. An algorithm for the diagnosis of Münchausen's syndrome in eating disorders. Eat Weight Disord. 2007;12:e75-7 pubmed..We present an algorithm as an aid to the diagnosis of concurrent MS and ED. ..
- Olry R, Haines D. NEUROwords "Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy": Karl Friedrich Hieronymus, Baron von Münchhausen, hasn't got anything to do with it. J Hist Neurosci. 2006;15:276-8 pubmed
- Puri B. Munchausen syndrome by proxy in pregnancy. Int J Clin Pract. 2006;60:1527-9 pubmed
- Monteiro C, Trindade E, Monteiro F, Henriques I, Meireles E, Baía F, et al. Blood group-antigen profile predicted by molecular biology in Munchausen syndrome by proxy. J Lab Clin Med. 2004;144:319 pubmed