mental disorders


Summary: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.

Top Publications

  1. Lemogne C, Nabi H, Melchior M, Goldberg M, Limosin F, Consoli S, et al. Mortality associated with depression as compared with other severe mental disorders: a 20-year follow-up study of the GAZEL cohort. J Psychiatr Res. 2013;47:851-7 pubmed publisher
    Individuals with severe mental disorders (SMD) have an increased risk of mortality from somatic diseases. This study examined whether this risk is different in persons with depressive disorders compared to those with other SMD (i.e...
  2. Groessl E, Sklar M, Cheung R, Brau N, Ho S. Increasing antiviral treatment through integrated hepatitis C care: a randomized multicenter trial. Contemp Clin Trials. 2013;35:97-107 pubmed publisher
    ..The Integrated Care intervention has the potential to transform HCV antiviral treatment by increasing the number of HCV-infected individuals that can be successfully treated. ..
  3. Whiteford H, Degenhardt L, Rehm J, Baxter A, Ferrari A, Erskine H, et al. Global burden of disease attributable to mental and substance use disorders: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet. 2013;382:1575-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Despite the apparently small contribution of YLLs--with deaths in people with mental disorders coded to the physical cause of death and suicide coded to the category of injuries under self-harm--our ..
  4. Curtis S, Pain R, FULLER S, Khatib Y, Rothon C, Stansfeld S, et al. Neighbourhood risk factors for Common Mental Disorders among young people aged 10-20 years: a structured review of quantitative research. Health Place. 2013;20:81-90 pubmed publisher
    ..10-20 year age range to neighbourhood factors that are theoretically associated with increased risk of Common Mental Disorders (CMDs)...
  5. Zschucke E, Gaudlitz K, Strohle A. Exercise and physical activity in mental disorders: clinical and experimental evidence. J Prev Med Public Health. 2013;46 Suppl 1:S12-21 pubmed publisher
    ..studies have shown that exercise (EX) and physical activity (PA) can prevent or delay the onset of different mental disorders, and have therapeutic benefits when used as sole or adjunct treatment in mental disorders...
  6. Abas M, Ostrovschi N, Prince M, Gorceag V, Trigub C, Oram S. Risk factors for mental disorders in women survivors of human trafficking: a historical cohort study. BMC Psychiatry. 2013;13:204 pubmed publisher
    ..No previous research has described risk factors for diagnosed mental disorders in this population...
  7. Patton G, Coffey C, Romaniuk H, MacKinnon A, Carlin J, Degenhardt L, et al. The prognosis of common mental disorders in adolescents: a 14-year prospective cohort study. Lancet. 2014;383:1404-11 pubmed publisher
    Most adults with common mental disorders report their first symptoms before 24 years of age...
  8. Glisson C, HEMMELGARN A, Green P, Williams N. Randomized trial of the Availability, Responsiveness and Continuity (ARC) organizational intervention for improving youth outcomes in community mental health programs. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2013;52:493-500 pubmed publisher
  9. Siriwardhana C, Adikari A, Pannala G, Siribaddana S, Abas M, Sumathipala A, et al. Prolonged internal displacement and common mental disorders in Sri Lanka: the COMRAID study. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e64742 pubmed publisher
    ..who had been displaced since 1990 due to conflict, to investigate the prevalence and correlates of common mental disorders. A cross-sectional survey was carried out among a randomly selected sample of internally displaced people who ..

More Information


  1. Howard L, Oram S, Galley H, Trevillion K, Feder G. Domestic violence and perinatal mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Med. 2013;10:e1001452 pubmed publisher associated with adverse obstetric outcomes, but evidence is limited on its association with perinatal mental disorders. We aimed to estimate the prevalence and odds of having experienced domestic violence among women with ..
  2. Motrico E, Moreno Kustner B, De Dios Luna J, Torres Gonzalez F, King M, Nazareth I, et al. Psychometric properties of the List of Threatening Experiences--LTE and its association with psychosocial factors and mental disorders according to different scoring methods. J Affect Disord. 2013;150:931-40 pubmed publisher
    ..structure, construct validity and explored the association between LTE scores and psychosocial variables and mental disorders. This study involved interviewing 5442 primary care attendees from Spain...
  3. Brütt A, Schulz H, Andreas S. Development of an ICF-based core set of activities and participation for patients with mental disorders: an approach based upon data. Clin Rehabil. 2013;27:758-67 pubmed publisher
    ..A core set of items, set within the World Health Organization ICF and relevant to the treatment of people with affective, somatoform, anxiety and adjustment disorders, has been developed based on existing evidence. ..
  4. Kerr S, Woods C, Knussen C, Watson H, Hunter R. Breaking the habit: a qualitative exploration of barriers and facilitators to smoking cessation in people with enduring mental health problems. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:221 pubmed publisher
    ..The increased understanding provided by our study findings and literature review have been used to shape recommendations for the content of tailored smoking cessation interventions for this client group. ..
  5. Verhaeghe N, Clays E, Vereecken C, De Maeseneer J, Maes L, Van Heeringen C, et al. Health promotion in individuals with mental disorders: a cluster preference randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:657 pubmed publisher
    ..of a 10-week health promotion intervention, followed by a 6-month follow-up period in individuals with mental disorders living in sheltered housing in the Flanders region (Belgium)...
  6. Delespaul P. [Consensus regarding the definition of persons with severe mental illness and the number of such persons in the Netherlands]. Tijdschr Psychiatr. 2013;55:427-38 pubmed
    ..Of course, the document contains assumptions and extrapolations which will require further research. The figures will be confirmed or adjusted in the future as soon as new evidence becomes available. ..
  7. Crump C, Sundquist K, Winkleby M, Sundquist J. Mental disorders and risk of accidental death. Br J Psychiatry. 2013;203:297-302 pubmed publisher
    ..All mental disorders were strong independent risk factors for accidental death, which was substantially more common than suicide.
  8. Andreas S, Härter M, Volkert J, Hausberg M, Sehner S, Wegscheider K, et al. The MentDis_ICF65+ study protocol: prevalence, 1-year incidence and symptom severity of mental disorders in the elderly and their relationship to impairment, functioning (ICF) and service utilisation. BMC Psychiatry. 2013;13:62 pubmed publisher
    The EU currently lacks reliable data on the prevalence and incidence of mental disorders in older people...
  9. Boyd J, Adler E, Otilingam P, Peters T. Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness (ISMI) scale: a multinational review. Compr Psychiatry. 2014;55:221-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Initial studies of ways to reduce internalized stigma are promising and warrant further investigation. ..
  10. Callaghan S, Ryan C, Kerridge I. Risk of suicide is insufficient warrant for coercive treatment for mental illness. Int J Law Psychiatry. 2013;36:374-85 pubmed publisher
  11. Deribew A, Deribe K, Reda A, Tesfaye M, Hailmichael Y, Maja T. Do common mental disorders decline over time in TB/HIV co-infected and HIV patients without TB who are on antiretroviral treatment?. BMC Psychiatry. 2013;13:174 pubmed publisher
    The relationship between TB/HIV co-infection and common mental disorders (CMD) is not well investigated...
  12. Taylor V, Forhan M, Vigod S, McIntyre R, Morrison K. The impact of obesity on quality of life. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013;27:139-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Recognizing this association is essential for the proper management of both conditions. The following review addresses this issue and provides clinical pearls to help deal with this issue. ..
  13. Olesen S, Butterworth P, Leach L, Kelaher M, Pirkis J. Mental health affects future employment as job loss affects mental health: findings from a longitudinal population study. BMC Psychiatry. 2013;13:144 pubmed publisher
    ..This study demonstrates that both effects are important and supports concurrent responses to prevent a cycle of disadvantage and entrenched social exclusion. ..
  14. Tran T, Biggs B, Tran T, Simpson J, Hanieh S, Dwyer T, et al. Impact on infants' cognitive development of antenatal exposure to iron deficiency disorder and common mental disorders. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e74876 pubmed publisher
    ..aim of this study was to examine the effects of antenatal exposure to iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and common mental disorders (CMD) on cognitive development of 6 months old infants in a developing country...
  15. Fleury M, Grenier G, Bamvita J, Tremblay J. Typology of persons with severe mental disorders. BMC Psychiatry. 2013;13:137 pubmed publisher
    Persons with severe mental disorders (PSMD) form a highly heterogeneous group. Identifying subgroups sharing similar PSMD profiles may help to develop treatment plans and appropriate services for their needs...
  16. Strüber N, Strüber D, Roth G. Impact of early adversity on glucocorticoid regulation and later mental disorders. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2014;38:17-37 pubmed publisher
  17. Jun H, Mohammed Qasim Hussaini S, Rigby M, Jang M. Functional role of adult hippocampal neurogenesis as a therapeutic strategy for mental disorders. Neural Plast. 2012;2012:854285 pubmed publisher understanding the mechanisms regulating adult hippocampal neurogenesis and its role in the etiology of mental disorders. In addition, adult hippocampal neurogenesis is highly correlated with the remission of the antidepressant ..
  18. Rifel J, Svab I, Selic P, Rotar Pavlic D, Nazareth I, Car J. Association of common mental disorders and quality of life with the frequency of attendance in Slovenian family medicine practices: longitudinal study. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e54241 pubmed publisher
    ..Using a multivariate model, we ascertained if presence of common mental disorders and quality of life assessed at baseline in 2003 predict frequent attendance in 2004 and 2005...
  19. Szeto A, Dobson K. Mental disorders and their association with perceived work stress: an investigation of the 2010 Canadian Community Health Survey. J Occup Health Psychol. 2013;18:191-7 pubmed publisher
    The economic repercussions of mental disorders in the workplace are vast. Research has found that individuals in high-stress jobs tend to have higher prevalence of mental disorders...
  20. Niemi M, Falkenberg T, Petzold M, Chuc N, Patel V. Symptoms of antenatal common mental disorders, preterm birth and low birthweight: a prospective cohort study in a semi-rural district of Vietnam. Trop Med Int Health. 2013;18:687-95 pubmed publisher
    ..association of low birthweight (LBW) and prematurity with clinically significant symptoms of antenatal common mental disorders (ACMDs) during the third trimester of pregnancy in a semi-rural area in Vietnam...
  21. Crump C, Sundquist K, Winkleby M, Sundquist J. Mental disorders and vulnerability to homicidal death: Swedish nationwide cohort study. BMJ. 2013;346:f557 pubmed publisher
    To determine the risk of people with mental disorders being victims of homicide. National cohort study. Sweden. Entire adult population (n = 7,253,516)...
  22. Siriwardhana C, Adikari A, Jayaweera K, Sumathipala A. Ethical challenges in mental health research among internally displaced people: ethical theory and research implementation. BMC Med Ethics. 2013;14:13 pubmed publisher
    ..In the backdrop of a study exploring the prevalence of common mental disorders among the IDPs, researchers encountered various ethical challenges...
  23. Patel V, Kieling C, Maulik P, Divan G. Improving access to care for children with mental disorders: a global perspective. Arch Dis Child. 2013;98:323-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This article aims to address the treatment gap for child mental disorders through synthesising three bodies of evidence: the global evidence base on the treatment of these priority ..
  24. Avanci J, Assis S, Oliveira R. A cross-sectional analysis of women's mental health problems: examining the association with different types of violence among a sample of Brazilian mothers. BMC Womens Health. 2013;13:20 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on this premise, this work recommends that multidimensional issues need to be included in women's health assistance programs duly incorporating the specificity of victimization by violence. ..
  25. Lokkerbol J, Adema D, de Graaf R, Ten Have M, Cuijpers P, Beekman A, et al. Non-fatal burden of disease due to mental disorders in the Netherlands. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2013;48:1591-9 pubmed publisher
    To estimate the disease burden due to 15 mental disorders at both individual and population level. Using a population-based survey (NEMESIS, N = 7,056) the number of years lived with disability per one million population were assessed...
  26. Oram S, Trevillion K, Feder G, Howard L. Prevalence of experiences of domestic violence among psychiatric patients: systematic review. Br J Psychiatry. 2013;202:94-9 pubmed publisher
    Domestic violence has been linked with many mental disorders, including anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, eating disorders and psychosis...
  27. Baxter A, Patton G, Scott K, Degenhardt L, Whiteford H. Global epidemiology of mental disorders: what are we missing?. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e65514 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Mental disorders are an important but, until recently, neglected agenda in global health...
  28. Collin L, Bindra J, Raju M, Gillberg C, Minnis H. Facial emotion recognition in child psychiatry: a systematic review. Res Dev Disabil. 2013;34:1505-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Scope for further research has been identified. ..
  29. Johnson R, Barrett M, Sisti D. The ethical boundaries of patient and advocate influence on DSM-5. Harv Rev Psychiatry. 2013;21:334-44 pubmed publisher
    ..between disease-advocacy groups and the revision process for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. We discuss three examples in which patient-advocacy groups engaged with the DSM-5 revision process: Autism ..
  30. Heeramun Aubeeluck A, Lu Z. Neurosurgery for mental disorders: a review. Afr J Psychiatry (Johannesbg). 2013;16:177-81 pubmed publisher
    ..These invasive but non destructive techniques represent the future of neurosurgery for mental disorder. ..
  31. van Ginneken N, Tharyan P, Lewin S, Rao G, Meera S, Pian J, et al. Non-specialist health worker interventions for the care of mental, neurological and substance-abuse disorders in low- and middle-income countries. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;:CD009149 pubmed publisher
    ..However, this evidence is mostly low or very low quality, and for some issues no evidence is available. Therefore, we cannot make conclusions about which specific NSHW-led interventions are more effective. ..
  32. Gonçalves D, Fortes S, Campos M, Ballester D, Portugal F, Tófoli L, et al. Evaluation of a mental health training intervention for multidisciplinary teams in primary care in Brazil: a pre- and posttest study. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2013;35:304-8 pubmed publisher
  33. Borsboom D, Cramer A. Network analysis: an integrative approach to the structure of psychopathology. Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 2013;9:91-121 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, these techniques may offer possibilities to guide and evaluate therapeutic interventions. ..
  34. COOK B, Wayne G, Kafali E, Liu Z, Shu C, Flores M. Trends in smoking among adults with mental illness and association between mental health treatment and smoking cessation. JAMA. 2014;311:172-82 pubmed publisher
    ..This suggests that tobacco control policies and cessation interventions targeting the general population have not worked as effectively for persons with mental illness. ..
  35. Clarke K, King M, Prost A. Psychosocial interventions for perinatal common mental disorders delivered by providers who are not mental health specialists in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Med. 2013;10:e1001541 pubmed publisher
    Perinatal common mental disorders (PCMDs) are a major cause of disability among women. Psychosocial interventions are one approach to reduce the burden of PCMDs...
  36. Arends I, van der Klink J, Van Rhenen W, de Boer M, Bültmann U. Prevention of recurrent sickness absence in workers with common mental disorders: results of a cluster-randomised controlled trial. Occup Environ Med. 2014;71:21-9 pubmed publisher
    Workers with common mental disorders (CMDs) frequently experience recurrent sickness absence but interventions to prevent this are lacking...
  37. Clarke K, Saville N, Shrestha B, Costello A, King M, Manandhar D, et al. Predictors of psychological distress among postnatal mothers in rural Nepal: a cross-sectional community-based study. J Affect Disord. 2014;156:76-86 pubmed publisher
    Perinatal common mental disorders are a major cause of disability among women and have consequences for children's growth and development...
  38. Fineberg N, Haddad P, Carpenter L, Gannon B, Sharpe R, Young A, et al. The size, burden and cost of disorders of the brain in the UK. J Psychopharmacol. 2013;27:761-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Addressing the clinical and economic challenges posed by brain disorders requires a coordinated effort at an EU and national level to transform the current scientific, healthcare and educational agenda. ..
  39. Bender A, Guruge S, Hyman I, Janjua M. Tuberculosis and common mental disorders: international lessons for Canadian immigrant health. Can J Nurs Res. 2012;44:56-75 pubmed
    ..The authors report on a scoping review conducted to better understand the synergies of tuberculosis, mental disorders, and underlying social conditions as they affect immigrants' health...
  40. Rahman A, Fisher J, Bower P, Luchters S, Tran T, Yasamy M, et al. Interventions for common perinatal mental disorders in women in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Bull World Health Organ. 2013;91:593-601I pubmed publisher
    ..The main outcomes of interest were rates of common perinatal mental disorders (CPMDs), primarily postpartum depression or anxiety; measures of the quality of the mother-infant ..
  41. Fone D, Greene G, Farewell D, White J, Kelly M, Dunstan F. Common mental disorders, neighbourhood income inequality and income deprivation: small-area multilevel analysis. Br J Psychiatry. 2013;202:286-93 pubmed publisher
    Common mental disorders are more prevalent in areas of high neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation but whether the prevalence varies with neighbourhood income inequality is not known...
  42. Ebert D, Hannig W, Tarnowski T, Sieland B, Götzky B, Berking M. [Web-based rehabilitation aftercare following inpatient psychosomatic treatment]. Rehabilitation (Stuttg). 2013;52:164-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Patients with low education benefited particularly. Internet-based aftercare interventions are a feasible, accepted and effective approach to successfully sustain treatment outcomes achieved in inpatient psychosomatic rehabilitation. ..
  43. Gubata M, Urban N, Cowan D, Niebuhr D. A prospective study of physical fitness, obesity, and the subsequent risk of mental disorders among healthy young adults in army training. J Psychosom Res. 2013;75:43-8 pubmed publisher
    ..If so, intervention studies should be conducted to determine if improving physical fitness reduces subsequent psychiatric disorder risk, particularly among young adults entering into stressful situations. ..
  44. Daumit G, Dickerson F, Wang N, Dalcin A, Jerome G, Anderson C, et al. A behavioral weight-loss intervention in persons with serious mental illness. N Engl J Med. 2013;368:1594-602 pubmed publisher
    ..Our objective was to determine the effectiveness of an 18-month tailored behavioral weight-loss intervention in adults with serious mental illness...
  45. Høgelund J, Holm A, Eplov L. The effect of part-time sick leave for employees with mental disorders. J Ment Health Policy Econ. 2012;15:157-70 pubmed
    ..This is the first published article to document how PTSL affects sick leave durations for employees with mental disorders. The aim is to estimate the effect of PTSL on the duration until returning to regular working hours for ..
  46. Brohan E, Clement S, Rose D, Sartorius N, Slade M, Thornicroft G. Development and psychometric evaluation of the Discrimination and Stigma Scale (DISC). Psychiatry Res. 2013;208:33-40 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, the 22-item DISC is recommended for use in measuring experienced stigma and discrimination. Additional work to develop a measure of anticipated stigma is recommended. ..
  47. Brown P, Tulloch A, Mackenzie C, Owen G, Szmukler G, Hotopf M. Assessments of mental capacity in psychiatric inpatients: a retrospective cohort study. BMC Psychiatry. 2013;13:115 pubmed publisher
    ..Although mental health services are considering the issue of capacity more frequently, mental capacity assessments are inconsistently applied and do not make adequate use of MCA criteria. ..
  48. Lund L, Winther J, Dalton S, Cederkvist L, Jeppesen P, Deltour I, et al. Hospital contact for mental disorders in survivors of childhood cancer and their siblings in Denmark: a population-based cohort study. Lancet Oncol. 2013;14:971-80 pubmed publisher
    ..We aimed to assess the long-term risks of mental disorders in survivors of childhood cancer and their siblings...
  49. Marrie R, Fisk J, Yu B, Leung S, Elliott L, Caetano P, et al. Mental comorbidity and multiple sclerosis: validating administrative data to support population-based surveillance. BMC Neurol. 2013;13:16 pubmed publisher
    ..93% vs. 0.93%). Administrative data are a valid means of surveillance of mental comorbidity in MS. The prevalence of mental comorbidities, except schizophrenia, is increased in MS compared to the general population. ..
  50. Kraneveld A, de Theije C, van Heesch F, Borre Y, de Kivit S, Olivier B, et al. The neuro-immune axis: prospect for novel treatments for mental disorders. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2014;114:128-36 pubmed publisher
    ..bidirectional pathways between the (central) nervous system and immune system have been implicated in various mental disorders, including depressive and neurodevelopmental disorders...
  51. Nordentoft M, Wahlbeck K, Hallgren J, Westman J, Osby U, Alinaghizadeh H, et al. Excess mortality, causes of death and life expectancy in 270,770 patients with recent onset of mental disorders in Denmark, Finland and Sweden. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e55176 pubmed publisher
    Excess mortality among patients with severe mental disorders has not previously been investigated in detail in large complete national populations...
  52. Schreiber F, Becker I, Deckert P, Elsbernd H, Isensee C. Malnutrition and Laboratory Markers in Geriatric Patients. A Comparison of Neurologic-psychiatric, Internal and Trauma Surgical Diseases. J Nutr Health Aging. 2016;20:458-61 pubmed publisher
    ..There were significant differences between the disease groups. A deficit of albumin, cholinesterase and hemoglobin was found more often in multimorbid trauma-surgical and internal patients than in neurologic-psychiatric patients. ..