propensity score


Summary: Conditional probability of exposure to a treatment given observed covariates.

Top Publications

  1. Griswold M, Localio A, Mulrow C. Propensity score adjustment with multilevel data: setting your sites on decreasing selection bias. Ann Intern Med. 2010;152:393-5 pubmed publisher
  2. Droogh J, Renes M, Ligtenberg J, Zijlstra J. A prolonged ICU stay after interhospital transport?. Crit Care. 2012;16:465 pubmed publisher
  3. Johnson E, Dickerson J, Vollmer W, Rowley A, Ritenbaugh C, Deyo R, et al. The feasibility of matching on a propensity score for acupuncture in a prospective cohort study of patients with chronic pain. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2017;17:42 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe the feasibility of matching on a propensity score derived from a retrospective cohort and subsequently applied in a prospective cohort study of patients with ..
  4. Zhang Y, Sun Y, Xu Z, Chi P, Lu X. Is neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy always necessary for mid/high local advanced rectal cancer: A comparative analysis after propensity score matching. Eur J Surg Oncol. 2017;43:1440-1446 pubmed publisher
    ..with concurrent FOLFOX/XELOX followed by TME in 6-8 weeks from 2008 to 2014 were matched 1:1 by using propensity score analysis. Perioperative and survival outcome was compared between groups...
  5. Wang C, Kishan A, Kamrava M, Steinberg M, King C. External Beam Radiation Therapy With a Brachytherapy Boost Versus Radical Prostatectomy in Gleason Pattern 5 Prostate Cancer: A Population-Based Cohort Study. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2017;98:1045-1052 pubmed publisher
    ..After propensity score matching to balance the patient characteristics, PCSM was compared between modalities using a multivariate ..
  6. Mincham C, Wong G, Teixeira Pinto A, Kennedy S, Alexander S, Larkins N, et al. Induction Therapy, Rejection, and Graft Outcomes in Pediatric and Adolescent Kidney Transplant Recipients. Transplantation. 2017;101:2146-2151 pubmed publisher
    ..between IL-2RAb induction and risk of acute rejection was examined using adjusted logistic regression and propensity score analyses, whereby the associations between induction, graft loss, and incident cancer were examined using ..
  7. Han M, Lee J, Park S, Kim Y, Kim Y, Ahn C, et al. Early onset hyperuricemia is a prognostic marker for kidney graft failure: Propensity score matching analysis in a Korean multicenter cohort. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0176786 pubmed publisher
    ..The two groups were compared before and after propensity score matching. A total of 657 (25.1%) patients were classified as hyperuricemic...
  8. Kim H, Ahn S, Hong S, Yoon K, Kim H, Choi Y, et al. Survival benefit of liver resection for Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage B hepatocellular carcinoma. Br J Surg. 2017;104:1045-1052 pubmed publisher
    ..Survival outcomes of propensity score-matched groups were compared...
  9. Korpics M, Block A, Martin B, Hentz C, Gaynor E, Henry E, et al. Concurrent chemotherapy is associated with improved survival in elderly patients with bladder cancer undergoing radiotherapy. Cancer. 2017;123:3524-3531 pubmed publisher
    ..Univariable and multivariable frailty survival analyses, as well as 1-to-1 propensity score matching, were used to isolate the association between CCRT and OS...

More Information

Publications108 found, 100 shown here

  1. Xu C, Xi M, Moreno A, Shiraishi Y, Hobbs B, Huang M, et al. Definitive Chemoradiation Therapy for Esophageal Cancer in the Elderly: Clinical Outcomes for Patients Exceeding 80 Years Old. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2017;98:811-819 pubmed publisher
    ..patients ≥80 years with esophageal cancer treated with conventional CCRT between 2001 and 2016 were propensity score matched 1:2 to generate 2 younger patient cohorts treated with CCRT without surgery: "intermediate" (65-79 ..
  2. Kato S, Nouri A, Wu D, Nori S, Tetreault L, Fehlings M. Comparison of Anterior and Posterior Surgery for Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy: An MRI-Based Propensity-Score-Matched Analysis Using Data from the Prospective Multicenter AOSpine CSM North America and International Studies. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2017;99:1013-1021 pubmed publisher
    ..performed 1-to-1 matching of patients who had received anterior decompression with those who had the same propensity score but had received posterior decompression to compare 2-year postoperative outcomes and 30-day perioperative ..
  3. Taduru S, Ramakrishnan M, Mustafa R, Baweja P. Comparison of the Frequency of Acute Kidney Injury in Patients With Renal Transplant Who Underwent Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery. Am J Cardiol. 2017;120:1104-1109 pubmed publisher
    ..5, 584.6, 584.7, 584.8, and 584.9) and those on dialysis (39.95). The propensity score model/method was used to form matched cohorts for PCI and CABG...
  4. Li L, Vollmer W, Butler M, Wu P, Kharbanda E, Wu A. A comparison of confounding adjustment methods for assessment of asthma controller medication effectiveness. Am J Epidemiol. 2014;179:648-59 pubmed publisher
    We compared the impact of 3 confounding adjustment procedures-covariate-adjusted regression, propensity score regression, and high-dimensional propensity score regression-to assess the effects of selected asthma controller medication use (..
  5. Yang C, Chan D, Speicher P, Gulack B, Tong B, Hartwig M, et al. Surgery Versus Optimal Medical Management for N1 Small Cell Lung Cancer. Ann Thorac Surg. 2017;103:1767-1772 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall survival was assessed using Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards analysis and propensity score-matched analysis...
  6. Bilchick K, Wang Y, Cheng A, Curtis J, Dharmarajan K, Stukenborg G, et al. Seattle Heart Failure and Proportional Risk Models Predict Benefit From Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017;69:2606-2618 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, the models identified patients less likely to derive a survival benefit from primary prevention ICDs. ..
  7. Badhwar V, Rankin J, Ad N, Grau Sepulveda M, Damiano R, Gillinov A, et al. Surgical Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation in the United States: Trends and Propensity Matched Outcomes. Ann Thorac Surg. 2017;104:493-500 pubmed publisher
    ..Performance of SA is accompanied by a 30-day reduction in mortality and stroke. These findings further refine our understanding of the role of SA in the treatment of AF. ..
  8. Arimoto A, Hasegawa H, Sugiyama H, Yamashita K, Matsuda T, Tominaga M, et al. Safety and Effectiveness of Laparoscopic Colorectal Resection in Elderly Patients with Colorectal Cancer: A Propensity Score Matching Study. Anticancer Res. 2017;37:4195-4198 pubmed
    ..Short- and long-term outcomes were compared between the younger and elderly patients after propensity score matching. Post-operative complications were similar in both groups (younger vs. elderly: 24.7% vs. 19.3%, p=0...
  9. Gonzalez D, Cooper J, Mantell E, Minneci P, Deans K, Aldrink J. Perioperative blood transfusion and complications in children undergoing surgery for solid tumors. J Surg Res. 2017;216:129-137 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Propensity score-matched analyses were used to estimate the effect of PBT on postoperative complications, in the overall ..
  10. Chang S, Chou I, Yeh Y, Chiou M, Wen M, Kuo C, et al. Association Between Use of Non-Vitamin K Oral Anticoagulants With and Without Concurrent Medications and Risk of Major Bleeding in Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation. JAMA. 2017;318:1250-1259 pubmed publisher
    ..Non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are commonly prescribed with other medications that share metabolic pathways that may increase major bleeding risk...
  11. Dixit P, Dwivedi L, Ram F. Strategies to Improve Child Immunization via Antenatal Care Visits in India: A Propensity Score Matching Analysis. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e66175 pubmed publisher
    ..We have used propensity score matching method with a counterfactual model that assesses the actual ANC visits effect on treated (ANC visits)..
  12. Leong C, Alessi Severini S, Enns M, Nie Y, Sareen J, Bolton J, et al. Cerebrovascular, Cardiovascular, and Mortality Events in New Users of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors and Serotonin Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors: A Propensity Score-Matched Population-Based Study. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2017;37:332-340 pubmed publisher
    ..This was a propensity score-matched, population-based, cohort study of Manitobans who started an SSRI or SNRI between April 1, 1998, and ..
  13. Bynum J, Chang C, Austin A, Carmichael D, Meara E. Outcomes in Older Adults with Multimorbidity Associated with Predominant Provider of Care Specialty. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017;65:1916-1923 pubmed publisher
    ..Observational study using propensity score matching. Medicare fee-for-service, 2011-12. Beneficiaries aged 65 and older with multimorbidity...
  14. Adedinsewo D, Xu J, Agasthi P, Oderinde A, Adekeye O, Sachdeva R, et al. Effect of Digoxin Use Among Medicaid Enrollees With Atrial Fibrillation. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2017;10:e004573 pubmed publisher
    ..Further studies including minority populations are needed to critically evaluate these associations. ..
  15. Woody N, Ward M, Koyfman S, Reddy C, Geiger J, Joshi N, et al. Adjuvant Chemoradiation After Surgical Resection in Elderly Patients With High-Risk Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck: A National Cancer Database Analysis. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2017;98:784-792 pubmed publisher
    ..74; P=.04) and a trend toward significance on inverse propensity score analysis (hazard ratio 0.78; P=.051). Three-year OS was 53.8% in the CRT group, compared with 44...
  16. Patorno E, Glynn R, Levin R, Lee M, Huybrechts K. Benzodiazepines and risk of all cause mortality in adults: cohort study. BMJ. 2017;358:j2941 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Participants 1:1 high dimensional propensity score matched cohort of benzodiazepine initiators, and randomly selected benzodiazepine non-initiators with a ..
  17. Miro O, Gil V, Martín Sánchez F, Herrero Puente P, Jacob J, Mebazaa A, et al. Morphine Use in the ED and Outcomes of Patients With Acute Heart Failure: A Propensity Score-Matching Analysis Based on the EAHFE Registry. Chest. 2017;152:821-832 pubmed publisher
    ..We generated a propensity score to match the M and WOM groups that were 1:1 according to 46 different epidemiological, baseline, clinical, ..
  18. Gutiérrez Gutiérrez B, Salamanca E, de Cueto M, Hsueh P, Viale P, Paño Pardo J, et al. Effect of appropriate combination therapy on mortality of patients with bloodstream infections due to carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (INCREMENT): a retrospective cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2017;17:726-734 pubmed publisher
    ..We used a propensity score for receiving combination therapy and a validated mortality score (INCREMENT-CPE mortality score) to control ..
  19. Kubota K, Egi M, Mizobuchi S. Haptoglobin Administration in Cardiovascular Surgery Patients: Its Association With the Risk of Postoperative Acute Kidney Injury. Anesth Analg. 2017;124:1771-1776 pubmed publisher
    ..pAKI was defined according to AKI Network criteria. A propensity score-matched model was used to adjust confounders...
  20. Porat Katz A, Eldar Geva T, Kahane A, Paltiel O. Using propensity score matching to evaluate the effect of complementary medicine on clinical and embryologic outcomes of in vitro fertilization. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2017;138:212-218 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate associations between using complementary medical therapies (CMTs) and embryologic and clinical outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF)...
  21. Brookhart M, Wyss R, Layton J, STURMER T. Propensity score methods for confounding control in nonexperimental research. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2013;6:604-11 pubmed publisher
  22. Sullivan T, Salter A, Ryan P, Lee K. Bias and Precision of the "Multiple Imputation, Then Deletion" Method for Dealing With Missing Outcome Data. Am J Epidemiol. 2015;182:528-34 pubmed publisher
    ..On the basis of these results, we recommend that researchers use standard MI rather than MID in the presence of auxiliary variables associated with an incomplete outcome. ..
  23. Luksik A, Law J, Yang W, Garzon Muvdi T, Caplan J, Colby G, et al. Assessing the Role of Preoperative Embolization in the Surgical Management of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations. World Neurosurg. 2017;104:430-441 pubmed publisher
    ..We performed a 1:1 ratio propensity score match for baseline variables that differed between patients with or without preoperative embolization...
  24. Liu J, Baker T, Suss N, Talamonti M, Roggin K, Winchester D, et al. Orthotopic liver transplantation provides a survival advantage compared with resection in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and preserved liver function. Surgery. 2017;162:1032-1039 pubmed publisher
    ..Short-term (30- and 90-day) and overall survival were assessed from 1:1 propensity score-matched cohorts based on patient and tumor characteristics...
  25. Ross M, Kreider A, Huang Y, Matone M, Rubin D, Localio A. Propensity Score Methods for Analyzing Observational Data Like Randomized Experiments: Challenges and Solutions for Rare Outcomes and Exposures. Am J Epidemiol. 2015;181:989-95 pubmed publisher the analysis of observational data sets that mimics a sequence of randomized studies by implementing propensity score models within each trial to achieve covariate balance, using weighting and matching...
  26. Vargo J, Patel A, Glaser S, Balasubramani G, Farah R, Marks S, et al. The impact of the omission or inadequate dosing of radiotherapy in extranodal natural killer T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, in the United States. Cancer. 2017;123:3176-3185 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall survival (OS) analyses were completed with the Kaplan-Meier and Cox multivariate methods, including a propensity score adjustment for a potential indication bias...
  27. Vogler J, Bagwell L, Hart L, Holmes S, Sciaretta J, Davis J. Rapid Source-Control Laparotomy: Is There a Mortality Benefit?. Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2017;18:787-792 pubmed publisher
    ..After adjusting for the aforementioned variables, propensity score-matched cohorts (n?=?210 in each cohort) were used to evaluate the influence of incision closure type on LOS ..
  28. Bardsley N, Büchs M, Schnepf S. Something from nothing: Estimating consumption rates using propensity scores, with application to emissions reduction policies. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0185538 pubmed publisher
    ..Measures of distribution are then precluded and only mean consumption rates can be inferred. We show that Propensity Score Matching can be applied to recover the distribution of consumption rates...
  29. Lee S, Jin Y, Lee J. Survival benefit of radiofrequency ablation for solitary (3-5?cm) hepatocellular carcinoma: An analysis for nationwide cancer registry. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e8486 pubmed publisher
    ..OSs and PFSs among SR (n?=?151), RFA (n?=?36), and TACE groups (n?=?150) were compared, respectively. Propensity score (PS) weighting was used to adjust differences among 3 groups...
  30. McIsaac D, Abdulla K, Yang H, Sundaresan S, Doering P, Vaswani S, et al. Association of delay of urgent or emergency surgery with mortality and use of health care resources: a propensity score-matched observational cohort study. CMAJ. 2017;189:E905-E912 pubmed publisher
    ..System issues appeared to underlie most delays and must be addressed to improve the outcomes of emergency surgery. ..
  31. Brenkman H, Gisbertz S, Slaman A, Goense L, Ruurda J, van Berge Henegouwen M, et al. Postoperative Outcomes of Minimally Invasive Gastrectomy Versus Open Gastrectomy During the Early Introduction of Minimally Invasive Gastrectomy in the Netherlands: A Population-based Cohort Study. Ann Surg. 2017;266:831-838 pubmed publisher
    ..To compare postoperative outcomes of minimally invasive gastrectomy (MIG) to open gastrectomy (OG) for cancer during the introduction of MIG in the Netherlands...
  32. Argalious M, You J, Mao G, Ramos D, Khanna S, Maheshwari K, et al. Association of Testosterone Replacement Therapy and the Incidence of a Composite of Postoperative In-hospital Mortality and Cardiovascular Events in Men Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. Anesthesiology. 2017;127:457-465 pubmed publisher
    ..We compared patients who received testosterone and those who did not using propensity score matching within surgical procedure matches...
  33. Hernán M, Robins J. Using Big Data to Emulate a Target Trial When a Randomized Trial Is Not Available. Am J Epidemiol. 2016;183:758-64 pubmed publisher
  34. Nakamura M, Kamei M, Bito S, Migita K, Miyata S, Kumagai K, et al. Spinal anesthesia increases the risk of venous thromboembolism in total arthroplasty: Secondary analysis of a J-PSVT cohort study on anesthesia. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e6748 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Propensity score-matched analysis for "combined epidural/general anesthesia group" versus "spinal anesthesia ..
  35. Garcia C, Yao A, Camacho F, Balkrishnan R, Cantrell L. A SEER-Medicare analysis of the impact of metformin on overall survival in ovarian cancer. Gynecol Oncol. 2017;146:346-350 pubmed publisher
    ..However, exploratory modeling suggests metformin use may be protective in a certain subgroup of patients. ..
  36. Randall J, Chateau D, Bolton J, Smith M, Katz L, Burland E, et al. Increasing medication adherence and income assistance access for first-episode psychosis patients. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0179089 pubmed publisher
    ..Enrolment in the EPPIS program was associated with increased adherence to antipsychotic medication treatment and improved uptake of income assistance. ..
  37. Amar D, Zhang H, Pedoto A, Desiderio D, Shi W, Tan K. Protective Lung Ventilation and Morbidity After Pulmonary Resection: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis. Anesth Analg. 2017;125:190-199 pubmed publisher
    ..The primary outcome was the occurrence of pneumonia and/or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Propensity score matching was used to generate PLV and non-PLV groups with comparable characteristics...
  38. Lee C, Hsieh C, Hong M, Hung Y, Ko W, Lee C. Comparing the therapeutic efficacies of third-generation cephalosporins and broader-spectrum ?-lactams as appropriate empirical therapy in adults with community-onset monomicrobial Enterobacteriaceae bacteraemia: a propensity score matched analysis. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2017;49:617-623 pubmed publisher
    ..For propensity score matching, 318 of the 477 patients in the 3GC group were matched with 106 patients in the BSBL group with the ..
  39. Hamada T, Yasunaga H, Nakai Y, Isayama H, Horiguchi H, Matsuda S, et al. Continuous regional arterial infusion for acute pancreatitis: a propensity score analysis using a nationwide administrative database. Crit Care. 2013;17:R214 pubmed publisher
    ..In-hospital mortality, length of stay and costs were compared in the CRAI and non-CRAI groups, using propensity score analysis to adjust for treatment selection bias...
  40. Yu P, Cassiere H, Dellis S, Kohn N, Manetta F, Hartman A. Propensity-matched analysis of the effect of preoperative intraaortic balloon pump in coronary artery bypass grafting after recent acute myocardial infarction on postoperative outcomes. Crit Care. 2014;18:531 pubmed publisher
    ..variables or length of hospital stay were found between patients with and without balloon pumps after propensity score matching...
  41. Rebibo L, Ebosse I, Iederan C, Mahjoub Y, Dupont H, Cosse C, et al. Does drainage of the peritoneal cavity have an impact on the postoperative course of community-acquired, secondary, lower gastrointestinal tract peritonitis?. Am J Surg. 2017;214:29-36 pubmed publisher
    ..description of the overall population; (2) comparison of the "no drainage" and "drainage" groups; and (3) a propensity score-matched analysis...
  42. Daly M, Jung A, Hanseman D, Shah S, Paquette I. Surviving rectal cancer: examination of racial disparities surrounding access to care. J Surg Res. 2017;211:100-106 pubmed publisher
    ..A series of Kaplan-Meier survival analyses were used to compare 5-y survival among race cohorts. Propensity score matching was used to compare Caucasian and African American patients who received the same treatment by ..
  43. Mather J, Corradi J, Waszynski C, Noyes A, Duan Y, Grady J, et al. Statin and Its Association With Delirium in the Medical ICU. Crit Care Med. 2017;45:1515-1522 pubmed publisher
    ..Randomized trials of various statin types in hospitalized patients prone to delirium should validate their use in protection from delirium. ..
  44. Bentzer P, Broman M, Kander T. Effect of dextran-70 on outcome in severe sepsis; a propensity-score matching study. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2017;25:65 pubmed publisher intensive care unit (ICU) between 2007 and 2015 that received dextran-70 during resuscitation were propensity score matched to controls at a 1 to 1 ratio...
  45. Takahashi A, Kato K, Matsuura M, Katsuda T, Matoda M, Nomura H, et al. Comparison of secondary cytoreductive surgery plus chemotherapy with chemotherapy alone for recurrent epithelial ovarian, tubal, or peritoneal carcinoma: A propensity score-matched analysis of 112 consecutive patients. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e8006 pubmed publisher
    ..To reduce the impact of treatment selection bias on treatment outcomes, propensity score-matching analysis was used...
  46. Kim S, Jung J, Park J, Park J, Hong Y, Lee S. An optimal transition time to extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for predicting good neurological outcome in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a propensity-matched study. Crit Care. 2014;18:535 pubmed publisher
    ..who received only CCPR, and then we compared the outcome between the CCPR group and ECPR group by using propensity score matching. Second, we compared CPR related data according to the neurologic outcome in matched ECPR group...
  47. Hussain A, Mullard A, Oppat W, Nolan K. Increased resource utilization and overall morbidity are associated with general versus regional anesthesia for carotid endarterectomy in data collected by the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative. J Vasc Surg. 2017;66:802-809 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Propensity score regression adjusted for case mix preoperative conditions as fixed effects, and a mixed model adjusted for ..
  48. Coons J, Iasella C, Chanas T, Wang N, Williams K, Boyd A, et al. Comparative Effectiveness and Safety Analysis of Dual Antiplatelet Therapies Within an Integrated Delivery System. Ann Pharmacother. 2017;51:649-655 pubmed publisher
    ..Outcomes were evaluated for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and bleeding at 1 year. Propensity score matching with Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to determine predictors of MACE and bleeding...
  49. Rahouma M, Kamel M, Benedetto U, Ohmes L, Di Franco A, Lau C, et al. Endoscopic versus open radial artery harvesting: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled and propensity matched studies. J Card Surg. 2017;32:334-341 pubmed publisher
  50. Dondo T, Hall M, West R, Jernberg T, Lindahl B, Bueno H, et al. ?-Blockers and Mortality After Acute Myocardial Infarction in Patients Without Heart Failure or Ventricular Dysfunction. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017;69:2710-2720 pubmed publisher
    ..Blocker Use and Mortality in Hospital Survivors of Acute Myocardial Infarction Without Heart Failure; NCT02786654). ..
  51. Nelson D, Rice D, Niu J, Atay S, Vaporciyan A, Antonoff M, et al. Long-Term Survival Outcomes of Cancer-Directed Surgery for Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma: Propensity Score Matching Analysis. J Clin Oncol. 2017;35:3354-3362 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Propensity score matching was performed 1:2 and among this cohort, a Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to ..
  52. . Impact of postoperative non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on adverse events after gastrointestinal surgery. Br J Surg. 2014;101:1413-23 pubmed publisher
    ..The effect of administration of NSAIDs on the day of surgery or the following 2? days was risk-adjusted using propensity score matching and multivariable logistic regression to produce adjusted odds ratios (ORs)...
  53. Vasylenko T, Liou Y, Chiou P, Chu H, Lai Y, Chou Y, et al. SCMBYK: prediction and characterization of bacterial tyrosine-kinases based on propensity scores of dipeptides. BMC Bioinformatics. 2016;17:514 pubmed publisher
    ..Among other results, our analysis revealed that azathioprine could suppress the virulence of M. tuberculosis, and thus be considered as a potential antibiotic for tuberculosis treatment. ..
  54. Bekelis K, Missios S, MacKenzie T, O Shaughnessy P. Does Objective Quality of Physicians Correlate with Patient Satisfaction Measured by Hospital Compare Metrics in New York State?. World Neurosurg. 2017;103:852-858.e1 pubmed publisher
  55. Kotz D, Viechtbauer W, Simpson C, van Schayck O, West R, Sheikh A. Cardiovascular and neuropsychiatric risks of varenicline and bupropion in smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Thorax. 2017;72:905-911 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Propensity score analysis was used as an additional approach to account for potential confounding by indication...
  56. Shultz B, Timek T, Davis A, Heiser J, Murphy E, Willekes C, et al. A propensity matched analysis of outcomes and long term survival in stented versus stentless valves. J Cardiothorac Surg. 2017;12:45 pubmed publisher
    ..aortic valve replacement using stentless versus stented valves in a large cohort of patients grouped using propensity score matching...
  57. Ko G, Go S, Lee W, Lee J, Jeong S, Lee Y, et al. Prognostic impact of Ki-67 in patients with gastric cancer-the importance of depth of invasion and histologic differentiation. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e7181 pubmed publisher
    ..Its clinical significance was analyzed with adjustment via the propensity score-matching. For validation, we performed bootstrap resampling...
  58. Kim J, Kim W, Park J, Woo J, Lee T, Ihm C, et al. Effects of statin therapy on clinical outcomes after acute myocardial infarction in patients with advanced renal dysfunction: A propensity score-matched analysis. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0183059 pubmed publisher
    ..Subsequently, a propensity score-matched analysis was performed...
  59. Francis S, Orton A, Thorpe C, Stoddard G, Lloyd S, Anker C. Toxicity and Outcomes in Patients With and Without Esophageal Stents in Locally Advanced Esophageal Cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2017;99:884-894 pubmed publisher
    ..A propensity score-matched analysis with shared frailty Cox hazard regression was performed according to stent status to ..
  60. González de Molina F, León C, Ruiz Santana S, Saavedra P. Assessment of candidemia-attributable mortality in critically ill patients using propensity score matching analysis. Crit Care. 2012;16:R105 pubmed publisher
    ..out to determine the attributable mortality of ICU-acquired candidemia in critically ill patients using propensity score matching analysis...
  61. Rawlings A, Sharrett A, Schneider A, Coresh J, Albert M, Couper D, et al. Diabetes in midlife and cognitive change over 20 years: a cohort study. Ann Intern Med. 2014;161:785-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Diabetes prevention and glucose control in midlife may protect against late-life cognitive decline. National Institutes of Health. ..
  62. Vogrin S, Harper R, Paratz E, MacIsaac A, Burchell J, Smith B, et al. Comparative Effectiveness of Routine Invasive Coronary Angiography for Managing Unstable Angina. Ann Intern Med. 2017;166:783-791 pubmed publisher
    ..Consequently, no clear, specific recommendations exist regarding the use of angiography in unstable angina...
  63. Soutome S, Yanamoto S, Funahara M, Hasegawa T, Komori T, Yamada S, et al. Effect of perioperative oral care on prevention of postoperative pneumonia associated with esophageal cancer surgery: A multicenter case-control study with propensity score matching analysis. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e7436 pubmed publisher
    ..1%) experienced postoperative pneumonia. The results of multivariate analysis of the 420 propensity score-matched patients revealed longer operation time, postoperative dysphagia, and lack of oral care intervention ..
  64. Tashiro J, Wagenaar A, Perez E, Sola J. Peritoneal drainage is associated with higher survival rates for necrotizing enterocolitis in premature, extremely low birth weight infants. J Surg Res. 2017;218:132-138 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate peritoneal drainage (PD) and laparotomy ± resection/ostomy (LAP) as initial approaches to the surgical management of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in premature, extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants...
  65. Lim D, Kuk J, Kim T, Shin E. Comparison of oncological outcomes of right-sided colon cancer versus left-sided colon cancer after curative resection: Which side is better outcome?. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e8241 pubmed publisher
    ..Many studies have sought to determine the survival and prognosis according to tumor location. This study aimed to analyze outcomes between RCC and LCC...
  66. Clec h C, Darmon M, Lautrette A, Chemouni F, Azoulay E, Schwebel C, et al. Efficacy of renal replacement therapy in critically ill patients: a propensity analysis. Crit Care. 2012;16:R236 pubmed publisher
    ..In our study population, RRT failed to reduce hospital mortality. This result emphasizes the need for randomized studies comparing RRT to conservative management in selected ICU patients, with special focus on RRT timing. ..
  67. Liou Y, Charoenkwan P, Srinivasulu Y, Vasylenko T, Lai S, Lee H, et al. SCMHBP: prediction and analysis of heme binding proteins using propensity scores of dipeptides. BMC Bioinformatics. 2014;15 Suppl 16:S4 pubmed publisher
    ..SCMHBP yields knowledge that improves our understanding of HBPs rather than merely improves the prediction accuracy in predicting HBPs. ..
  68. Inaguma D, Koide S, Takahashi K, Hayashi H, Hasegawa M, Yuzawa Y. Relationship between history of coronary heart disease at dialysis initiation and onset of events associated with heart disease: a propensity-matched analysis of a prospective cohort study. BMC Nephrol. 2017;18:79 pubmed publisher
    ..History of CHD at dialysis initiation was associated with a higher incidence of heart disease events and mortality and all-cause mortality. UMIN 000007096 . Registered 18 January 2012. ..
  69. Mehaffey J, Hawkins R, Fashandi A, Cherry K, Kern J, Kron I, et al. Lower extremity bypass for critical limb ischemia decreases major adverse limb events with equivalent cardiac risk compared with endovascular intervention. J Vasc Surg. 2017;66:1109-1116.e1 pubmed publisher
    ..of major adverse limb events (MALEs) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) after LEB and IEI in a propensity score-matched, national cohort of patients with CLI...
  70. Kasumova G, Tabatabaie O, Najarian R, Callery M, Ng S, Bullock A, et al. Surgical Management of Gallbladder Cancer: Simple Versus Extended Cholecystectomy and the Role of Adjuvant Therapy. Ann Surg. 2017;266:625-631 pubmed publisher
    ..To assess if simple cholecystectomy with adjuvant therapy could provide outcomes comparable to extended cholecystectomy...
  71. Stokes W, Abbott D, Phan A, Raben D, Lanning R, Karam S. Patterns of Care for Patients With Early-Stage Glottic Cancer Undergoing Definitive Radiation Therapy: A National Cancer Database Analysis. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2017;98:1014-1021 pubmed publisher
    ..One-to-one propensity score matching was then used to compare survival between fractionation schedules...
  72. Brackstone M, Palma D, Tuck A, Scott L, Potvin K, Vandenberg T, et al. Concurrent Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy in Locally Advanced Breast Cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2017;99:769-776 pubmed publisher
    ..Thirty of 32 patients completed treatment. Twenty-seven were successfully matched by propensity score to 81 control patients by age, stage, and molecular subtype...
  73. Toppen W, Johansen D, Sareh S, Fernandez J, Satou N, Patel K, et al. Improved costs and outcomes with conscious sedation vs general anesthesia in TAVR patients: Time to wake up?. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0173777 pubmed publisher
    ..No-replacement propensity score matching was done using the validated STS predicted risk of mortality (PROM) as a propensity score...
  74. Yoon I, Kang H, Baek C, Choi G, Park Y, Jung Y, et al. Comparison of effects of desflurane and sevoflurane on postoperative nausea, vomiting, and pain in patients receiving opioid-based intravenous patient-controlled analgesia after thyroidectomy: Propensity score matching analysis. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e6681 pubmed publisher
    ..A propensity score matching method was used to match patients from the 2 groups in a 1:1 ratio...
  75. Axelsson K, Nilsson A, Wedel H, Lundh D, Lorentzon M. Association Between Alendronate Use and Hip Fracture Risk in Older Patients Using Oral Prednisolone. JAMA. 2017;318:146-155 pubmed publisher
    ..Oral glucocorticoid treatment increases fracture risk, and evidence is lacking regarding the efficacy of alendronate to protect against hip fracture in older patients using glucocorticoids...
  76. Jang B, Chang J, Oh S, Lim Y, Kim I. Surgery vs. radiotherapy in patients with uveal melanoma : Analysis of the SEER database using propensity score matching and weighting. Strahlenther Onkol. 2017;193:931-942 pubmed publisher
    ..An observational and cohort study was performed using a propensity score with an already existing public database...
  77. Abe T, Amano H, Hanada K, Minami T, Yonehara S, Hattori M, et al. Perioperative Red Blood Cell Transfusion Is Associated with Poor Long-term Survival in Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma. Anticancer Res. 2017;37:5863-5870 pubmed
    ..Perioperative red blood cell transfusion (RBCT) can negatively affect the host's immune system. We investigated the effects of perioperative RBCT on long-term survival among patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC)...
  78. Wang Y, Wang C, Fang F, Chen H, Hsu H, Huang Y, et al. Differences in the outcomes and complications between elderly and younger uterine cervical cancer patients treated by definitive radiotherapy - A propensity score-matched study. Gynecol Oncol. 2017;145:277-283 pubmed publisher
    ..Two propensity score-matched cohorts of patients were selected from both age groups to evaluate the differences in the outcomes ..
  79. Cassidy R, Liu Y, Kahn S, Jegadeesh N, Liu X, Subhedar P, et al. The role of postmastectomy radiotherapy in women with pathologic T3N0M0 breast cancer. Cancer. 2017;123:2829-2839 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, propensity score matching and interaction effect testing also were performed...
  80. Ferrada P, Callcut R, Zielinski M, Bruns B, Yeh D, Zakrison T, et al. Loop ileostomy versus total colectomy as surgical treatment for Clostridium difficile-associated disease: An Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma multicenter trial. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017;83:36-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Logistic regression was performed to determine predictors of mortality. A propensity score analysis was done to control for potential confounders and determine adjusted mortality rates by procedure ..
  81. Patorno E, Bateman B, Huybrechts K, Macdonald S, Cohen J, Desai R, et al. Pregabalin use early in pregnancy and the risk of major congenital malformations. Neurology. 2017;88:2020-2025 pubmed publisher
    ..We used propensity score fine stratification to control for >50 potential confounders, and we estimated relative risks (RRs) and 95%..
  82. Weksler B, Sullivan J. Survival After Esophagectomy: A Propensity-Matched Study of Different Surgical Approaches. Ann Thorac Surg. 2017;104:1138-1146 pubmed publisher
    ..We were unable to find significant differences in long-term survival of patients with esophageal cancer undergoing RAMIE, OE, or MIE. Surgeon experience and expertise may be more important than surgical approach for esophageal cancer. ..
  83. Berger N, Tanious M, Hammad A, Miura J, Mogal H, Clarke C, et al. External radiation or ablation for solitary hepatocellular carcinoma: A survival analysis of the SEER database. J Surg Oncol. 2017;116:307-312 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Propensity score modeling was utilized to adjust for baseline characteristics...
  84. Liao C, Kung P, Wang Y, Tsai W. Effects of multidisciplinary team on emergency care for colorectal cancer patients: A nationwide-matched cohort study. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e7092 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Propensity score matching with a ratio of 1:3 was adopted to reduce differences in characteristics between MDT care ..
  85. McDonald J, McDonald R, Williamson E, Kallmes D. Is Intravenous Administration of Iodixanol Associated with Increased Risk of Acute Kidney Injury, Dialysis, or Mortality? A Propensity Score-adjusted Study. Radiology. 2017;285:414-424 pubmed publisher
    ..73 m2) and separately underwent propensity score stratification and matching...
  86. Brennan J, Thomas L, Cohen D, Shahian D, Wang A, Mack M, et al. Transcatheter Versus Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement: Propensity-Matched Comparison. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017;70:439-450 pubmed publisher
    ..Among unselected intermediate- and high-risk patients, TAVR and SAVR resulted in similar rates of death, stroke, and DAOH to 1 year, but TAVR patients were more likely to be discharged home. ..
  87. Mitzman B, Lutfi W, Wang C, Krantz S, Howington J, Kim K. Minimally Invasive Esophagectomy Provides Equivalent Survival to Open Esophagectomy: An Analysis of the National Cancer Database. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017;29:244-253 pubmed publisher
    ..A propensity score analysis was performed...
  88. Barratt H, Harrison D, Rowan K, Raine R. Effect of non-clinical inter-hospital critical care unit to unit transfer of critically ill patients: a propensity-matched cohort analysis. Crit Care. 2012;16:R179 pubmed publisher
    ..We therefore need further evidence, including qualitative data from family members and cost-effective analyses, to better understand the broader effects of non-clinical transfer. ..
  89. Wiedermann C, Wiedermann W. Propensity matching cannot substitute for randomization in albumin studies. Crit Care. 2015;19:206 pubmed publisher
  90. Werthel J, Lonjon G, Jo S, Cofield R, Sperling J, Elhassan B. Long-term outcomes of cemented versus cementless humeral components in arthroplasty of the shoulder: a propensity score-matched analysis. Bone Joint J. 2017;99-B:666-673 pubmed publisher
    ..Patients with the two types of fixation were matched for nine different covariates using a propensity score analysis...
  91. Min J, Cho H, Jeon S, Lee J, Lee J, Lee Y. Effects of 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 on postoperative blood loss and kidney injury in off-pump coronary arterial bypass grafting: A retrospective study. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e6801 pubmed publisher
    ..HES-exposure (group NoHES) were matched 1:N with intraoperative HES-exposed 413 patients (group HES) based on propensity score. The effects of intraoperative HES on postoperative cumulative blood loss within the first 24?hours, need for ..
  92. Park J, Tak W, Park S, Kweon Y, Jang S, Lee Y, et al. Effects of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) on the progression of advanced liver disease: A Korean nationwide, multicenter, retrospective, observational, cohort study. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e6580 pubmed publisher
    ..Long-term oral BCAA supplementation has beneficial effects in patients with advanced liver cirrhosis. A further large-scale prospective study is needed to delineate these beneficial effects. ..