vasectomy

Summary

Summary: Surgical removal of the ductus deferens, or a portion of it. It is done in association with prostatectomy, or to induce infertility. (Dorland, 28th ed)

Top Publications

  1. Jamieson D, Costello C, Trussell J, Hillis S, Marchbanks P, Peterson H. The risk of pregnancy after vasectomy. Obstet Gynecol. 2004;103:848-50 pubmed
    To describe the pregnancy rates among women whose husbands underwent vasectomy. Between 1985 and 1987, 573 women aged 18-44 years whose husbands underwent vasectomy in medical centers in 5 U.S. cities were enrolled in the U.S...
  2. Bunce A, Guest G, Searing H, Frajzyngier V, Riwa P, Kanama J, et al. Factors affecting vasectomy acceptability in Tanzania. Int Fam Plan Perspect. 2007;33:13-21 pubmed
    Calls for increased inclusion of men in matters of reproductive health emphasize the need for research into vasectomy acceptability and decision making...
  3. McVicar C, O Neill D, McClure N, Clements B, McCullough S, Lewis S. Effects of vasectomy on spermatogenesis and fertility outcome after testicular sperm extraction combined with ICSI. Hum Reprod. 2005;20:2795-800 pubmed
    Each year 40,000 men have a vasectomy in the UK whilst another 2400 request a reversal to begin a second family. Sperm can now be obtained by testicular biopsy and subsequently used in assisted conception with ICSI...
  4. Thimon V, Calvo E, Koukoui O, Légaré C, Sullivan R. Effects of vasectomy on gene expression profiling along the human epididymis. Biol Reprod. 2008;79:262-73 pubmed publisher
    Worldwide, almost 100 million men rely on vasectomy for male contraceptive purposes. Due to changes in their personal lives, an increasing number of these men request surgical vasectomy reversal...
  5. Chen Mok M, Bangdiwala S, Dominik R, Hays M, Irsula B, Sokal D. Termination of a randomized controlled trial of two vasectomy techniques. Control Clin Trials. 2003;24:78-84 pubmed
    ..As planned, an estimate of the hazard ratio (HR) for successful vasectomy for the FI group versus the no-FI group controlling for age of the participant and level of experience of the ..
  6. Sheynkin Y. History of vasectomy. Urol Clin North Am. 2009;36:285-94 pubmed publisher
    b>Vasectomy as a medical term is a misnomer because only part of the vas deferens is excised during the procedure...
  7. Pile J, Barone M. Demographics of vasectomy--USA and international. Urol Clin North Am. 2009;36:295-305 pubmed publisher
    b>Vasectomy is safer, simpler, less expensive, and equally as effective as female sterilization--yet it remains one of the least known and least used methods of contraception...
  8. Vaccarella S, Lazcano Ponce E, Castro Garduño J, Cruz Valdez A, Díaz V, Schiavon R, et al. Prevalence and determinants of human papillomavirus infection in men attending vasectomy clinics in Mexico. Int J Cancer. 2006;119:1934-9 pubmed
    ..We interviewed 779 men who requested a vasectomy in 27 public clinics in 14 states of Mexico...
  9. Awsare N, Krishnan J, Boustead G, Hanbury D, McNicholas T. Complications of vasectomy. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2005;87:406-10 pubmed
    b>Vasectomy is a common method of sterilisation. However, it is less popular than tubal ligation world-wide. It is also a frequent cause of litigation relating to its complications...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Miller A, Wright Williams S, Flecknell P, Roughan J. A comparison of abdominal and scrotal approach methods of vasectomy and the influence of analgesic treatment in laboratory mice. Lab Anim. 2012;46:304-10 pubmed publisher
    ..The BVAAWF/FRAME/RSPCA/UFAW Joint Working Group on Refinement recommended that vasectomy should be performed via an incision in the scrotal sac, rather than via laparotomy, arguing that the former ..
  2. Wood B, Doncel G, Reddy P, Sokal D. Effect of diltiazem and methylene blue on human sperm motility, viability and cervical mucus penetration: potential use as vas irrigants at the time of vasectomy. Contraception. 2003;67:241-5 pubmed
    ..of this study was to identify compounds that could potentially be useful for vas irrigation at the time of vasectomy. We studied the in vitro effects of a group of membrane-active and ion-channel blocking agents on human sperm ..
  3. Batruch I, Lecker I, Kagedan D, Smith C, Mullen B, Grober E, et al. Proteomic analysis of seminal plasma from normal volunteers and post-vasectomy patients identifies over 2000 proteins and candidate biomarkers of the urogenital system. J Proteome Res. 2011;10:941-53 pubmed publisher
    ..We profiled the proteomes of pooled seminal plasma from fertile Control and post-vasectomy (PV) men...
  4. Stornelli A, Arauz M, Baschard H, de la Sota R. Unilateral and bilateral vasectomy in the dog: alkaline phosphatase as an indicator of tubular patency. Reprod Domest Anim. 2003;38:1-4 pubmed
    ..each dog, three semen samples were obtained before (intact) and after right (unilateral) and left (bilateral) vasectomy. The AP concentrations were measured in duplicates by a colorimetric method in each of the three fractions (..
  5. Nguyen C, Hernandez A, Gao T, Thomas A, Jones J. Office based vasectomy can be performed by supervised urological residents with patient pain and morbidity comparable to those of a staff surgeon procedure. J Urol. 2008;180:1451-4 pubmed publisher
    Although it is routinely performed in the ambulatory setting, vasectomy is an intricate surgical procedure with the potential for significant pain and morbidity...
  6. Sokal D, Irsula B, Chen Mok M, Labrecque M, Barone M. A comparison of vas occlusion techniques: cautery more effective than ligation and excision with fascial interposition. BMC Urol. 2004;4:12 pubmed
    b>Vasectomy techniques have been the subject of relatively few rigorous studies...
  7. Black T, Francome C. Comparison of Marie Stopes scalpel and electrocautery no-scalpel vasectomy techniques. J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care. 2003;29:32-4 pubmed
    To compare the intra-operative experience and postoperative sequelae between the standard Marie Stopes scalpel vasectomy procedure and electrocautery non-scalpel vasectomy (ENSV) techniques. Randomised prospective comparative study...
  8. Sasaki K, Bastacky S, Zynger D, Parwani A. Use of immunohistochemical markers to confirm the presence of vas deferens in vasectomy specimens. Am J Clin Pathol. 2009;132:893-8 pubmed publisher
    ..as a marker that can distinguish wolffian duct derivatives from müllerian remnants but has yet to be tested in vasectomy specimens. We sought to determine if CD10 and pankeratin could corroborate the presence of vas deferens (VD)...
  9. Deneux Tharaux C, Kahn E, Nazerali H, Sokal D. Pregnancy rates after vasectomy: a survey of US urologists. Contraception. 2004;69:401-6 pubmed
    ..The aim of this survey was to estimate the incidence of pregnancy after vasectomy and to gather information on the surgical methods used...
  10. Labrecque M, Pile J, Sokal D, Kaza R, Rahman M, Bodh S, et al. Vasectomy surgical techniques in South and South East Asia. BMC Urol. 2005;5:10 pubmed
    ..ligation of the vas with suture material and excision of a small vas segment is believed to be the most common vasectomy occlusion technique performed in low-resource settings...
  11. Kaza R. No scalpel vasectomy--an overview. J Indian Med Assoc. 2006;104:129-30, 132-3, 141 pubmed
    Male sterilisation is less popular because of fear of loss of virility and loss of physical strength. No scalpel vasectomy is a surgical attempt to reduce complications and thereby allays the fear in the minds of the couples...
  12. Levine L, Abern M, Lux M. Persistent motile sperm after ligation band vasectomy. J Urol. 2006;176:2146-8 pubmed
    ..Between September 2003 and March 2004, 8 patients underwent elective vasectomy using the VasClip ligation band...
  13. Hancock P, McLaughlin E. British Andrology Society guidelines for the assessment of post vasectomy semen samples (2002). J Clin Pathol. 2002;55:812-6 pubmed
    The British Andrology Society guidelines for the assessment of post vasectomy semen samples recommend that initial assessment is undertaken 16 weeks post vasectomy and after the patient has produced at least 24 ejaculates...
  14. Weintraub S, Fahey C, Johnson N, Mesulam M, Gitelman D, Weitner B, et al. Vasectomy in men with primary progressive aphasia. Cogn Behav Neurol. 2006;19:190-3 pubmed
    To study the frequency of vasectomy in men with primary progressive aphasia (PPA). PPA is a dementia syndrome in which aphasia emerges in relative isolation during the initial stages of illness...
  15. Owusu Asubonteng G, Dassah E, Odoi A, Frimpong P, Ankobea F. Trend, client profile and surgical features of vasectomy in Ghana. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care. 2012;17:229-36 pubmed publisher
    To examine the socio-demographic and reproductive characteristics of vasectomy acceptors and surgical features of vasectomy in Ghana...
  16. Lara Ricalde R, Velázquez Ramírez N, Reyes Muñoz E. [No-scalpel vasectomy. Profile of acceptance and results]. Ginecol Obstet Mex. 2010;78:226-31 pubmed
    Men have few effective methods for birth control. The surgical method vasectomy is highly safe and effective, although in Mexico represents only 2.4% of all contraceptive methods used.
  17. Dickinson A, Leach M, Flecknell P. The analgesic effects of oral paracetamol in two strains of mice undergoing vasectomy. Lab Anim. 2009;43:357-61 pubmed publisher
    ..one of four treatment groups (saline, low, medium and high dose oral paracetamol) and then underwent abdominal vasectomy. Their behaviour was videotaped (filmed) preoperatively and at one hour postoperatively and the data were ..
  18. Reddy N, Gerscovich E, Jain K, Le Petross H, Brock J. Vasectomy-related changes on sonographic examination of the scrotum. J Clin Ultrasound. 2004;32:394-8 pubmed
    The goal of this study was to evaluate the sonographic changes in the epididymis and testis after vasectomy using state-of-the-art high-resolution equipment...
  19. Hieu D, Luong T, Anh P, Ngoc D, Duong L. The acceptability, efficacy and safety of quinacrine non-surgical sterilization (QS), tubectomy and vasectomy in 5 provinces in the Red River Delta, Vietnam: a follow-up of 15,190 cases. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2003;83 Suppl 2:S77-85 pubmed
    To compare the safety, efficacy and acceptability of quinacrine sterilization (QS), tubectomy and vasectomy in Vietnam. This study was initiated in January 1998 and completed in February 2000...
  20. Jacobsen K, Kalliokoski O, Teilmann A, Hau J, Abelson K. The effect of isoflurane anaesthesia and vasectomy on circulating corticosterone and ACTH in BALB/c mice. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2012;179:406-13 pubmed publisher
    ..serum corticosterone and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in mice subjected to isoflurane anaesthesia and vasectomy, and mice subjected to isoflurane anaesthesia without surgery...
  21. Manikandan R, Srirangam S, Pearson E, Collins G. Early and late morbidity after vasectomy: a comparison of chronic scrotal pain at 1 and 10 years. BJU Int. 2004;93:571-4 pubmed
    To evaluate the incidence and timing of the onset of chronic scrotal pain after vasectomy in two populations at 1 and 10 years after surgery...
  22. Labrecque M, Dufresne C, Barone M, St Hilaire K. Vasectomy surgical techniques: a systematic review. BMC Med. 2004;2:21 pubmed
    A wide variety of surgical techniques are used to perform vasectomy. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess if any surgical techniques to isolate or occlude the vas are associated with better outcomes in terms of occlusive ..
  23. Lavers A, Swanlund D, Hunter B, Tran M, Pryor J, Roberts K. Acute effect of vasectomy on the function of the rat epididymal epithelium and vas deferens. J Androl. 2006;27:826-36 pubmed
    Persistent infertility after apparently successful vasectomy reversal is common. One possible etiology is epididymal epithelial dysfunction resulting in improper sperm maturation after vasectomy reversal...
  24. Moses S, Oloto E. A community-based vasectomy service in Leicestershire and Rutland - The patients' perspective. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care. 2010;15:17-23 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the community-based vasectomy service from the patients' perspective and consider service provision in terms of access, process, quality and outcome...
  25. Dhar N, Bhatt A, Jones J. Determining the success of vasectomy. BJU Int. 2006;97:773-6 pubmed
    ..All patients were instructed to submit two initial semen specimens for analysis (2 and 3 months after vasectomy) and additional samples (at 1-month intervals) if sperm were identified on the initial and subsequent analyses...
  26. Bertero E, Hallak J, Gromatzky C, Lucon A, Arap S. Assessment of sexual function in patients undergoing vasectomy using the international index of erectile function. Int Braz J Urol. 2005;31:452-8 pubmed
    The present study aims to prospectively compare the sexual function in males before and after vasectomy surgery using the international index of erectile function (IIEF)...
  27. Labrecque M, St Hilaire K, Turcot L. Delayed vasectomy success in men with a first postvasectomy semen analysis showing motile sperm. Fertil Steril. 2005;83:1435-41 pubmed
    To determine the frequency of and factors associated with delayed vasectomy success in men with first postvasectomy semen analysis showing motile sperm. Descriptive study...
  28. Weiss R, Li P. No-needle jet anesthetic technique for no-scalpel vasectomy. J Urol. 2005;173:1677-80 pubmed
    We describe a new, modified jet injection technique for local anesthesia for no-scalpel vasectomy without the use of a needle, which may minimize the fear of vasectomy in men due to the needle involved in local anesthesia...
  29. Légaré C, Thabet M, Gatti J, Sullivan R. HE1/NPC2 status in human reproductive tract and ejaculated spermatozoa: consequence of vasectomy. Mol Hum Reprod. 2006;12:461-8 pubmed
    ..demonstrated that the amount of HE1/NPC2 mRNA and protein expressed in the human epididymis is decreased under vasectomy. In this study, western blot analyses showed that many vasovasostomized men are characterized by high HE1/NPC2 ..
  30. Monoski M, Li P, Baum N, Goldstein M. No-scalpel, no-needle vasectomy. Urology. 2006;68:9-14 pubmed
  31. Barone M, Hutchinson P, Johnson C, Hsia J, Wheeler J. Vasectomy in the United States, 2002. J Urol. 2006;176:232-6; discussion 236 pubmed
    We estimated the number of vasectomies performed in the United States in 2002 and gathered information on the vasectomy procedures and protocols used. It follows similar studies done in 1991 and 1995...
  32. Sokal D, Irsula B, Hays M, Chen Mok M, Barone M. Vasectomy by ligation and excision, with or without fascial interposition: a randomized controlled trial [ISRCTN77781689]. BMC Med. 2004;2:6 pubmed
    Randomized controlled trials comparing different vasectomy occlusion techniques are lacking...
  33. Roughan J, Wright Williams S, Flecknell P. Automated analysis of postoperative behaviour: assessment of HomeCageScan as a novel method to rapidly identify pain and analgesic effects in mice. Lab Anim. 2009;43:17-26 pubmed publisher
    ..HCS) could detect behaviour changes and any positive analgesic effects in two mouse strains undergoing vasectomy (C3H/HeNCrl and C57BL/6)...
  34. Ren L, Weng Q, Kishimoto M, Watanabe G, Jaroenporn S, Taya K. Effect of short period vasectomy on FSH, LH, inhibin and testosterone secretions, and sperm motility in adult male rats. Exp Anim. 2011;60:47-56 pubmed
    ..to clarify changes in secretions of FSH, LH, inhibin and testosterone, and sperm motility after bilateral vasectomy in adult male rats...
  35. Chawla A, O Brien J, Lisi M, Zini A, Jarvi K. Should all urologists performing vasectomy reversals be able to perform vasoepididymostomies if required?. J Urol. 2004;172:1048-50 pubmed
    While vasectomy reversal is a highly successful procedure 10% to 30% of reversals may fail...
  36. Aggarwal H, Chiou R, Siref L, Sloan S. Comparative analysis of pain during anesthesia and no-scalpel vasectomy procedure among three different local anesthetic techniques. Urology. 2009;74:77-81 pubmed publisher
    To compare the pain during anesthesia and during the no-scalpel vasectomy procedure for local infiltration anesthesia (LIA), LIA supplemented with spermatic cord block (LIA + SCB), and no needle jet anesthesia...
  37. de los Rios Osorio J, Castro Alvarez E. [Analysis of 5000 vasectomies at a family planning clinic in Medellin-Colombia]. Arch Esp Urol. 2003;56:53-60 pubmed
    ..Penile squamous cell carcinoma is an aggressive tumour the evolution of which mainly depends on the local-regional stage at the time of diagnosis and cell differentiation; these factors will condition lymphadenectomy versus observation. ..
  38. Belleannee C, Légaré C, Calvo E, Thimon V, Sullivan R. microRNA signature is altered in both human epididymis and seminal microvesicles following vasectomy. Hum Reprod. 2013;28:1455-67 pubmed publisher
    Does vasectomy impact microRNA (miRNA) expression in the epididymis and seminal microvesicles (SMVs) in a non-reversible manner?
  39. Labrecque M, Barone M, Pile J, Sokal D. Re: How little is enough? The evidence for post-vasectomy testing. J Urol. 2006;175:791-2; author reply 792 pubmed
  40. Wright Williams S, Flecknell P, Roughan J. Comparative effects of vasectomy surgery and buprenorphine treatment on faecal corticosterone concentrations and behaviour assessed by manual and automated analysis methods in C57 and C3H mice. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e75948 pubmed publisher
    ..manual and automated behaviour data collection methods was determined in two inbred mouse strains undergoing vasectomy following treatment with one of 2 buprenorphine dose rates...
  41. Labrecque M, Hoang D, Turcot L. Association between the length of the vas deferens excised during vasectomy and the risk of postvasectomy recanalization. Fertil Steril. 2003;79:1003-7 pubmed
    To evaluate the association between the length of the vas deferens excised during vasectomy and the risk of recanalization. Nested case-control study. Hospital-based Family Planning Clinic in Quebec City (Canada)...
  42. Batista M, Prats N, Calero P, Gonzalez F, Cabrera F, Medrano A, et al. Semen characteristics and plasma levels of testosterone after bilateral vasectomy in bucks. Reprod Domest Anim. 2002;37:375-8 pubmed
    The effects of bilateral vasectomy on the seminal characteristics were assessed in six bucks of the Canarian breed...
  43. Shiraishi K, Takihara H, Naito K. Quantitative analysis of testicular interstitial fibrosis after vasectomy in humans. Aktuelle Urol. 2003;34:262-4 pubmed
    ..We have focused on the quantitative analysis of testicular interstitial fibrosis after vasectomy. Forty testicular biopsy specimens from twenty consecutive men were obtained at vasovasostomy...
  44. Haueter S, Kawasumi M, Asner I, Brykczynska U, Cinelli P, Moisyadi S, et al. Genetic vasectomy-overexpression of Prm1-EGFP fusion protein in elongating spermatids causes dominant male sterility in mice. Genesis. 2010;48:151-60 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Vasectomy is a surgical procedure associated with moderate pain and must be carried out under full anaesthesia by ..
  45. Teachey D. Saddle pulmonary embolism as a complication of vasectomy. Urology. 2008;71:351.e5-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Vasectomy is a commonly performed urologic procedure associated with few complications...
  46. Goldacre M, Wotton C, Seagroatt V, Yeates D. Immune-related disease before and after vasectomy: an epidemiological database study. Hum Reprod. 2007;22:1273-8 pubmed
    b>Vasectomy can be followed by an autoimmune-antibody response...
  47. Subba N. Demographic assessment on vasectomy clients of Sankhuwasabha Nepal. Nepal Med Coll J. 2003;5:98-9 pubmed
    This paper presents the demographic status of vasectomy clients in Sankhuwasabha district in Eastern Nepal based on the 427 face-sheets taken at camps in district during 3 consecutive years. More than half (55...
  48. Aradhya K, Best K, Sokal D. Recent developments in vasectomy. BMJ. 2005;330:296-9 pubmed
  49. Labrecque M, Nazerali H, Mondor M, Fortin V, Nasution M. Effectiveness and complications associated with 2 vasectomy occlusion techniques. J Urol. 2002;168:2495-8; discussion 2498 pubmed
    We compared the effectiveness and complications associated with 2 common vasectomy occlusion techniques, namely clipping and excision of a small vas segment and thermal cautery with fascial interposition and an open testicular end...
  50. Sobreiro B, Lucon A, Pasqualotto F, Hallak J, Athayde K, Arap S. Semen analysis in fertile patients undergoing vasectomy: reference values and variations according to age, length of sexual abstinence, seasonality, smoking habits and caffeine intake. Sao Paulo Med J. 2005;123:161-6 pubmed
    ..Between September 1999 and August 2002, 500 fertile men requesting a vasectomy for sterilization purposes were asked to provide a semen sample before the vasectomy...
  51. Whyte J, Cisneros A, Rubio E, Whyte A, Mazo R, Torres A, et al. Morphometric study of testis of Wistar rat after open-ended vasectomy. Clin Anat. 2002;15:335-9 pubmed
    The effects on the testis of open-ended vasectomy in the Wistar rat have been assessed morphometrically and evaluated statistically at 1, 4, 12, and 24 weeks after operation, and compared to those in sham-operated controls...
  52. Wheeler K, Tardif S, Rival C, Luu B, Bui E, del Rio R, et al. Regulatory T cells control tolerogenic versus autoimmune response to sperm in vasectomy. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:7511-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Vasectomy is a well accepted global contraceptive approach frequently associated with epididymal granuloma and sperm autoantibody formation...
  53. García Moreno J, Solano Sainos L. [Acceptance and rejection of vasectomy in rural males]. Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2005;43:205-14 pubmed
    ..medical services in seven ethnic groups of the Mexican Republic and included men who accepted and who rejected vasectomy. The profile of males who accepted vasectomy allowed to determine that there exist a unsatisfied demand for ..