immersion

Summary

Summary: The placing of a body or a part thereof into a liquid.

Top Publications

  1. Huson M, Church J, Poole J, Weisman S, Sriskantha A, Warden A, et al. Controlling the molecular structure and physical properties of artificial honeybee silk by heating or by immersion in solvents. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e52308 pubmed publisher
    ..The unique ability to stabilize material by controlling secondary structure rearrangement and covalent cross-linking allows us to design recombinant silk materials with a wide range of properties. ..
  2. Jaramillo Mejía S, Albertó E. Heat treatment of wheat straw by immersion in hot water decreases mushroom yield in Pleurotus ostreatus. Rev Iberoam Micol. 2013;30:125-9 pubmed publisher
    ..It is one of the most appreciated mushrooms due to its high nutritional value. Immersion of the substrate in hot water is one of the most popular and worldwide treatment used for mushroom farmers...
  3. Gregson W, Black M, Jones H, Milson J, Morton J, Dawson B, et al. Influence of cold water immersion on limb and cutaneous blood flow at rest. Am J Sports Med. 2011;39:1316-23 pubmed publisher
    Cold water immersion reduces exercise-induced muscle damage...
  4. Steinmacher D, Guerra M, Saare Surminski K, Lieberei R. A temporary immersion system improves in vitro regeneration of peach palm through secondary somatic embryogenesis. Ann Bot. 2011;108:1463-75 pubmed publisher
    ..morphogenetic pathway is described and a protocol for the establishment of cycling cultures using a temporary immersion system (TIS) is presented...
  5. Rahim T, Mohamad D, Md Akil H, Ab Rahman I. Water sorption characteristics of restorative dental composites immersed in acidic drinks. Dent Mater. 2012;28:e63-70 pubmed publisher
    ..min) until 40 days of immersion and then were dried again for 40 days...
  6. Polyzois G, Niarchou A, Ntala P, Pantopoulos A, Frangou M. The effect of immersion cleansers on gloss, colour and sorption of acetal denture base material. Gerodontology. 2013;30:150-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The immersion of acetal resin in NaOCl 5...
  7. Bleakley C, McDonough S, Gardner E, Baxter G, Hopkins J, Davison G. Cold-water immersion (cryotherapy) for preventing and treating muscle soreness after exercise. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;:CD008262 pubmed publisher
    ..Cold-water immersion, in water temperatures of less than 15°C, is currently one of the most popular interventional strategies used ..
  8. Li Y, Li X, Hua Guo -, Xu J, Zhang X, Li L, et al. Colonic submucosal 5-HT(3) receptor-mediated somatostatin-dependent secretoinhibitory pathway is suppressed in water-immersion restraint stressed rats. Eur J Pharmacol. 2011;656:94-100 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study aims to investigate the effect of the water-immersion restraint stress on this inhibitory pathway and its underlying mechanisms...
  9. Adachi M, Horiuchi G, Ikematsu N, Tanaka T, Terao J, Satouchi K, et al. Intragastrically administered lysophosphatidic acids protect against gastric ulcer in rats under water-immersion restraint stress. Dig Dis Sci. 2011;56:2252-61 pubmed publisher
    ..a foodstuff and Chinese medicine are effective in protecting against gastric ulcer, we subjected rats to water-immersion restraint stress...

Scientific Experts

More Information

Publications62

  1. Finoti L, Machado A, Chaves C, Pavarina A, Vergani C. Effect of long-term water immersion on the fracture toughness of denture base and reline resins. Gerodontology. 2012;29:e858-64 pubmed publisher
    ..13) were similar in all periods of analysis. The denture base resin L showed higher FT mean values than the reline resins. Long-term water storage increased the FT of L, UH and K, reduced the FT of NT and did not influence the FT of TR. ..
  2. Siegel R, Maté J, Watson G, Nosaka K, Laursen P. Pre-cooling with ice slurry ingestion leads to similar run times to exhaustion in the heat as cold water immersion. J Sports Sci. 2012;30:155-65 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of pre-exercise ice slurry ingestion and cold water immersion on submaximal running time in the heat...
  3. Sato D, Yamashiro K, Onishi H, Shimoyama Y, Yoshida T, Maruyama A. The effect of water immersion on short-latency somatosensory evoked potentials in human. BMC Neurosci. 2012;13:13 pubmed publisher
    Water immersion therapy is used to treat a variety of cardiovascular, respiratory, and orthopedic conditions...
  4. Shigeshiro M, Tanabe S, Suzuki T. Repeated exposure to water immersion stress reduces the Muc2 gene level in the rat colon via two distinct mechanisms. Brain Behav Immun. 2012;26:1061-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study first examined the effects of different levels of exposure (3 days, 1 and 2 weeks) to water immersion stress on intestinal mucin gene expression in rats, and then explored the mechanisms underlying the stress-..
  5. Pedullà E, Grande N, Plotino G, Palermo F, Gambarini G, Rapisarda E. Cyclic fatigue resistance of two reciprocating nickel-titanium instruments after immersion in sodium hypochlorite. Int Endod J. 2013;46:155-9 pubmed publisher
    To assess resistance to cyclic fatigue of reciprocating nickel-titanium ( NiTi ) files (Reciproc and WaveOne) after immersion in NaOCl solution over several time periods.
  6. Miranda D, Bertoldo C, Aguiar F, Lima D, Lovadino J. Effects of mouthwashes on Knoop hardness and surface roughness of dental composites after different immersion times. Braz Oral Res. 2011;25:168-73 pubmed
    ..44). G4 and G8 presented higher roughness means than G1, G3, G5 and G7, after 12 and 24 hours of immersion. For Knoop microhardness analysis, there was a significant reduction for all groups after 12 hours and 24 hours...
  7. Elias G, Varley M, Wyckelsma V, McKenna M, Minahan C, Aughey R. Effects of water immersion on posttraining recovery in Australian footballers. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2012;7:357-66 pubmed
    The authors investigated the efficacy of a single exposure to 14 min of cold-water immersion (COLD) and contrast water therapy (CWT) on posttraining recovery in Australian football (AF)...
  8. Al Haddad H, Parouty J, Buchheit M. Effect of daily cold water immersion on heart rate variability and subjective ratings of well-being in highly trained swimmers. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2012;7:33-8 pubmed
    We investigated the effect of daily cold water immersion (CWI), during a typical training week, on parasympathetic activity and subjective ratings of well-being. Over two different weeks, eight highly trained swimmers (4 men; 19.6 ± 3...
  9. Zhao D, Ai H. Oxytocin and vasopressin involved in restraint water-immersion stress mediated by oxytocin receptor and vasopressin 1b receptor in rat brain. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e23362 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study was to study the role of vasopressinergic and oxytocinergic neurons during the restraint water-immersion stress. Ten male Wistar rats were divided into two groups, control and RWIS for 1h...
  10. Raida M, Nylén J, Holten Andersen L, Buchmann K. Association between plasma antibody response and protection in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss immersion vaccinated against Yersinia ruckeri. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e18832 pubmed publisher
    ..Vaccination of rainbow trout against enteric redmouth disease (ERM) by immersion in Yersinia ruckeri bacterin confers a high degree of protection to the fish...
  11. Tripathi K. Very low frequency oscillations in the power spectra of heart rate variability during dry supine immersion and exposure to non-hypoxic hypobaria. Physiol Meas. 2011;32:717-29 pubmed publisher
    ..components of HRV power spectra in a group of healthy male volunteers during their exposure to (1) dry, supine, immersion in thermo-neutral water for 6 h (n = 7) and (2) non-hypoxic hypobaria (breathing 40-60% oxygen at 15,000' ..
  12. Wady A, Machado A, Vergani C, Pavarina A, Giampaolo E. Impact strength of denture base and reline acrylic resins subjected to long-term water immersion. Braz Dent J. 2011;22:56-61 pubmed
    ..Specimens were submitted to Charpy impact tests without water storage (control) and after immersion in water for 7, 90 and 180 days. Data (kJ/m(2)) analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (p=0...
  13. Gressler L, Parodi T, Riffel A, Dacosta S, Baldisserotto B. Immersion anaesthesia with tricaine methanesulphonate or propofol on different sizes and strains of silver catfish Rhamdia quelen. J Fish Biol. 2012;81:1436-45 pubmed publisher
    The efficacy of immersion anaesthesia with tricaine methanesulphonate (MS222) or propofol on albino and grey silver catfish Rhamdia quelen was assessed through induction and recovery times and observation of mortality...
  14. Lalonde Robert V, Beaudry F, Vachon P. Pharmacologic parameters of MS222 and physiologic changes in frogs (Xenopus laevis) after immersion at anesthetic doses. J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. 2012;51:464-8 pubmed
    We evaluated the anesthetic efficacy of MS222 (dose, 1 or 2 g/L; pH 7) administered as an immersion bath (duration, 20 min) for nonbreeding female Xenopus leavis frogs (n = 33; average body weight, 103 ± 16 g)...
  15. Versey N, Halson S, Dawson B. Water immersion recovery for athletes: effect on exercise performance and practical recommendations. Sports Med. 2013;43:1101-30 pubmed publisher
    Water immersion is increasingly being used by elite athletes seeking to minimize fatigue and accelerate post-exercise recovery...
  16. Nagel G, Bauermeister L, Bratcher C, Singh M, McKee S. Salmonella and Campylobacter reduction and quality characteristics of poultry carcasses treated with various antimicrobials in a post-chill immersion tank. Int J Food Microbiol. 2013;165:281-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Results from this study suggest that utilizing PAA as an antimicrobial in a post-chill immersion tank is an effective application for reducing Salmonella and Campylobacter on carcasses while maintaining ..
  17. Costello J, Donnelly A. Effects of cold water immersion on knee joint position sense in healthy volunteers. J Sports Sci. 2011;29:449-56 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of cryotherapy, in the form of cold water immersion, on knee joint position sense...
  18. Bridle A, Koop B, Nowak B. Identification of surrogates of protection against yersiniosis in immersion vaccinated Atlantic salmon. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e40841 pubmed publisher
    ..of predominantly immune-relevant genes (14 up and 3 down-regulated) in the gills of Atlantic salmon after immersion vaccination and before bacterial challenge...
  19. Stanley J, Peake J, Buchheit M. Consecutive days of cold water immersion: effects on cycling performance and heart rate variability. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2013;113:371-84 pubmed publisher
    ..performance and heart rate (HR) variability (HRV) over consecutive days of cycling with post-exercise cold water immersion (CWI) or passive recovery (PAS)...
  20. Bastos F, Vanderlei L, Nakamura F, Bertollo M, Godoy M, Hoshi R, et al. Effects of cold water immersion and active recovery on post-exercise heart rate variability. Int J Sports Med. 2012;33:873-9 pubmed publisher
    The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential benefits of cold water immersion (CWI) and active recovery (AR) on blood lactate concentration ([Lac]) and heart rate variability (HRV) indices following high-intensity ..
  21. Kiani H, Sun D, Zhang Z. The effect of ultrasound irradiation on the convective heat transfer rate during immersion cooling of a stationary sphere. Ultrason Sonochem. 2012;19:1238-45 pubmed publisher
    ..Ultrasound irradiation showed promising effect for the enhancement of convective heat transfer rate during immersion cooling...
  22. Nakamura T, Ohta Y, Ohashi K, Ikeno K, Watanabe R, Tokunaga K, et al. Protective effect of Brazilian propolis against hepatic oxidative damage in rats with water-immersion restraint stress. Phytother Res. 2012;26:1482-9 pubmed publisher
    ..we examined the protective effect of Brazilian propolis against hepatic oxidative damage in rats with water-immersion restraint stress (WIRS) in comparison with that of vitamin E (VE)...
  23. Domingos P, Garcia P, Oliveira A, Palma Dibb R. Composite resin color stability: influence of light sources and immersion media. J Appl Oral Sci. 2011;19:204-11 pubmed
    This study evaluated the influence of light sources and immersion media on the color stability of a nanofilled composite resin...
  24. Pedullà E, Grande N, Plotino G, Pappalardo A, Rapisarda E. Cyclic fatigue resistance of three different nickel-titanium instruments after immersion in sodium hypochlorite. J Endod. 2011;37:1139-42 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this study was to assess the resistance to cyclic fatigue of three nickel-titanium (NiTi) files after the immersion in sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solution in conditions similar to those used in clinical practice.
  25. Sato D, Onishi H, Yamashiro K, Iwabe T, Shimoyama Y, Maruyama A. Water immersion to the femur level affects cerebral cortical activity in humans: functional near-infrared spectroscopy study. Brain Topogr. 2012;25:220-7 pubmed publisher
    Water immersion is widely used in physiotherapy and may even improve the functional outcomes of hemiplegic patients after stroke...
  26. van Soest J, Stockhammer O, Ordas A, Bloemberg G, Spaink H, Meijer A. Comparison of static immersion and intravenous injection systems for exposure of zebrafish embryos to the natural pathogen Edwardsiella tarda. BMC Immunol. 2011;12:58 pubmed publisher
    ..Alternatively, Edwardsiella tarda, a natural fish pathogen, has been used to treat embryos by static immersion. In this study we used transcriptome profiling and quantitative RT-PCR to analyze the immune response induced by ..
  27. Takahashi Y, Yoshida K, Shimizu H. Fracture resistance of maxillary complete dentures subjected to long-term water immersion. Gerodontology. 2012;29:e1086-91 pubmed publisher
    ..investigated the fracture resistance of maxillary acrylic resin complete dentures subjected to long-term water immersion. Maxillary acrylic resin complete dentures were fabricated from five denture base resins...
  28. Lin Y, Yeh S, Li C, Chen L, Cheng A, Chen J. An immersion of Gracilaria tenuistipitata extract improves the immunity and survival of white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei challenged with white spot syndrome virus. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2011;31:1239-46 pubmed publisher
    ..In another experiment, shrimp which had received 3 h immersion of 0, 400, 600 mg L(-1) extract were challenged with WSSV...
  29. Leal Junior E, de Godoi V, Mancalossi J, Rossi R, De Marchi T, Parente M, et al. Comparison between cold water immersion therapy (CWIT) and light emitting diode therapy (LEDT) in short-term skeletal muscle recovery after high-intensity exercise in athletes--preliminary results. Lasers Med Sci. 2011;26:493-501 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study we compared the short-term effects of cold water immersion therapy (CWIT) and light emitting diode therapy (LEDT) with placebo LEDT on biochemical markers related to ..
  30. Kwiecien S, Brzozowski T, Konturek P, Pawlik M, Pawlik W, Kwiecien N, et al. The role of reactive oxygen species and capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves in the pathomechanisms of gastric ulcers induced by stress. J Physiol Pharmacol. 2003;54:423-37 pubmed
    ..Results of our previous experiments have indicated that water immersion and restraint stress (WRS) led to increased oxidative metabolism...
  31. Laurent M, Daline T, Malika B, Fawzi O, Philippe V, Benoit D, et al. Training-induced increase in nitric oxide metabolites in chronic heart failure and coronary artery disease: an extra benefit of water-based exercises?. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2009;16:215-21 pubmed publisher
    ..The water-based exercises seemed to effectively increase the basal level of plasma nitrates. Such changes may be related to an enhancement of endothelial function and may be of importance for the health of the patients. ..
  32. Parouty J, Al Haddad H, Quod M, Lepretre P, Ahmaidi S, Buchheit M. Effect of cold water immersion on 100-m sprint performance in well-trained swimmers. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2010;109:483-90 pubmed publisher
    The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of cold water immersion (CWI) on sprint swimming performance in simulated competition conditions. Ten well-trained swimmers (5 males, 5 females; 19.0 +/- 3...
  33. Kukiattrakoon B, Hengtrakool C, Kedjarune Leggat U. Chemical durability and microhardness of dental ceramics immersed in acidic agents. Acta Odontol Scand. 2010;68:1-10 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the microhardness and surface elemental compositions of ceramics immersed in acidic agents...
  34. Wilder Smith E, Chow A. Water immersion and EMLA cause similar digit skin wrinkling and vasoconstriction. Microvasc Res. 2003;66:68-72 pubmed
    Water immersion skin wrinkling tests limb sympathetic vasoconstrictor function...
  35. Urban V, Machado A, Vergani C, Giampaolo E, Pavarina A, de Almeida F, et al. Effect of water-bath post-polymerization on the mechanical properties, degree of conversion, and leaching of residual compounds of hard chairside reline resins. Dent Mater. 2009;25:662-71 pubmed publisher
    ..050) in the amount of residual compounds eluted from the materials within the first hour of immersion. With the exception of material U, WB decreased the duration of release of the residual compounds evaluated...
  36. Hsieh C, Huang K, Liliang P, Jeng S, Tsai H. Paradoxical response to water immersion in replanted fingers. Clin Auton Res. 2006;16:223-7 pubmed
    ..in replanted fingers with those in corresponding contralateral normal fingers before and immediately after immersion in saline (0.5 mol/l NaCl at 40 degrees C)...
  37. Ohba R, Otaka M, Odashima M, Jin M, Komatsu K, Konishi N, et al. Effect of cilostazol, a selective type-III phosphodiesterase inhibitor, on water-immersion stress-induced gastric mucosal injury in rats. J Gastroenterol. 2006;41:34-40 pubmed
    ..In the present study, we examined the effect of a cilostazol on water-immersion stress-induced gastric mucosal lesions...
  38. Bagheri R, Mese A, Burrow M, Tyas M. Comparison of the effect of storage media on shear punch strength of resin luting cements. J Dent. 2010;38:820-7 pubmed publisher
    To measure the shear punch strength of eight resin-containing luting cements before and after immersion in acidic solution and ethanol at different temperatures (37 degrees C and 60 degrees C)...
  39. Daria S, Sugar N, Feldman K, Boos S, Benton S, Ornstein A. Into hot water head first: distribution of intentional and unintentional immersion burns. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2004;20:302-10 pubmed
    Experience with several, previously unreported, intentional face-first immersion burns led us to evaluate the distribution of inflicted and unintentional immersion scald burns in a hospital series...
  40. Arimoto R, Murray J. A common aberration with water-immersion objective lenses. J Microsc. 2004;216:49-51 pubmed
    We describe here an aberration that is frequently encountered with water-immersion but not oil-immersion objectives. The aberration is shown to be induced by tilt of the coverslip out of the plane normal to the optical axis...
  41. Kamioka H, Tsutani K, Okuizumi H, Mutoh Y, Ohta M, Handa S, et al. Effectiveness of aquatic exercise and balneotherapy: a summary of systematic reviews based on randomized controlled trials of water immersion therapies. J Epidemiol. 2010;20:2-12 pubmed
    ..Aquatic exercise had a small but statistically significant short-term effect on locomotor diseases. However, the effectiveness of balneotherapy in curing disease or improving health remains unclear. ..
  42. Crosbie P, Nowak B. Immune responses of barramundi, Lates calcarifer (Bloch), after administration of an experimental Vibrio harveyi bacterin by intraperitoneal injection, anal intubation and immersion. J Fish Dis. 2004;27:623-32 pubmed
    ..calcarifer (Bloch), were immunized with an experimental Vibrio harveyi bacterin via intraperitoneal injection, immersion and anal intubation...
  43. Tikuisis P. Heat balance precedes stabilization of body temperatures during cold water immersion. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2003;95:89-96 pubmed
    ..through a theoretical analysis of heat distribution in the body applied to an experiment involving cold water immersion. Six healthy and fit men (mean +/- SD of age = 37.5 +/- 6.5 yr, height = 1.79 +/- 0.07 m, mass = 81.8 +/- 9...
  44. Gordon C, Fogarty A, Greenleaf J, Taylor N, Stocks J. Direct and indirect methods for determining plasma volume during thermoneutral and cold-water immersion. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2003;89:471-4 pubmed
    ..haemoglobin concentration ([Hb]), underestimates the absolute PV change (Evans blue dye) during thermoneutral immersion. Since PV changes during cold-water immersion have only been determined indirectly, we hypothesised that a ..
  45. Nguyen M, Tokura H. Sweating and tympanic temperature during warm water immersion compared between Vietnamese and Japanese living in Hanoi. J Hum Ergol (Tokyo). 2003;32:9-16 pubmed
    ..subjects living in Hanoi, the local evaporation rate by sweating and the tympanic temperature during legs immersion in warm water...
  46. Sideridou I, Karabela M, Vouvoudi E. Dynamic thermomechanical properties and sorption characteristics of two commercial light cured dental resin composites. Dent Mater. 2008;24:737-43 pubmed
    ..Also the mass uptake, diffusion coefficient, solubility and volumetric changes for immersion of composites in water and ethanol/water solution 75vol.% at 37+/-1 degrees C were determined...
  47. Romøren K, Thu B, Evensen Ø. Immersion delivery of plasmid DNA. II. A study of the potentials of a chitosan based delivery system in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fry. J Control Release. 2002;85:215-25 pubmed
    ..One of the delivery methods of interest is immersion. Due to the favourable properties of chitosan in gene delivery and bioadhesion, chitosan-DNA formulations have ..
  48. Daanen H, van der Struijs N. Resistance Index of Frostbite as a predictor of cold injury in arctic operations. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2005;76:1119-22 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this investigation was to determine the magnitude of the finger CIVD reaction in subjects prior to operation in cold areas and to relate these scores to the occurrence of cold injuries...
  49. Jeyanathan M, Boutros Tadros O, Radhi J, Semret M, Bitton A, Behr M. Visualization of Mycobacterium avium in Crohn's tissue by oil-immersion microscopy. Microbes Infect. 2007;9:1567-73 pubmed
    ..tuberculosis, oil-immersion microscopy (x 1,000 magnification) is needed. We performed a blinded search for M...
  50. Valenti G, Fraszl W, Addabbo F, Tamma G, Procino G, Satta E, et al. Water immersion is associated with an increase in aquaporin-2 excretion in healthy volunteers. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2006;1758:1111-6 pubmed
    Here, we report the alterations in renal water handling in healthy volunteers during a 6 h thermoneutral water immersion at 34 to 36 degrees C...
  51. Xu X, Castellani J, Santee W, Kolka M. Thermal responses for men with different fat compositions during immersion in cold water at two depths: prediction versus observation. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2007;100:79-88 pubmed
    ..from partially immersed subjects divided into normal (NF) or low fat (LF) groups in order to validate CTM during immersion at two depths and to examine mechanisms underlying the individual differences...
  52. Yasukawa K, Kasazaki K, Hyodo F, Utsumi H. Non-invasive analysis of reactive oxygen species generated in rats with water immersion restraint-induced gastric lesions using in vivo electron spin resonance spectroscopy. Free Radic Res. 2004;38:147-55 pubmed
    ..To address this question, the same technique was applied to a sub-acute water immersion restraint (WIR) model...
  53. Aoki M, Kondo M, Kawai K, Oshima S. Experimental bath infection with Flavobacterium psychrophilum, inducing typical signs of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss fry syndrome. Dis Aquat Organ. 2005;67:73-9 pubmed
    ..Rainbow trout with a mean body weight of 1.3 or 5.6 g, respectively, were infected by immersion in a bacterial suspension at different stages of growth (18 to 66 h shaking culture at 15 degrees C)...