Summary: Destruction by passage of a galvanic electric current, as in disintegration of a chemical compound in solution.

Top Publications

  1. Grimsrud T, Andersen A. Unrecognized risks of nickel-related respiratory cancer among Canadian electrolysis workers. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2012;38:503-15 pubmed publisher
    ..decades with reference to an alleged absence of excess respiratory cancer among Canadian nickel-exposed electrolysis workers...
  2. De Gusseme B, Hennebel T, Vanhaecke L, Soetaert M, Desloover J, Wille K, et al. Biogenic palladium enhances diatrizoate removal from hospital wastewater in a microbial electrolysis cell. Environ Sci Technol. 2011;45:5737-45 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, a microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) was used for the dehalogenation of the iodinated X-ray contrast medium diatrizoate...
  3. Allam N, Alamgir F, El Sayed M. Enhanced photoassisted water electrolysis using vertically oriented anodically fabricated Ti-Nb-Zr-O mixed oxide nanotube arrays. ACS Nano. 2010;4:5819-26 pubmed publisher
  4. Commault A, Lear G, Packer M, Weld R. Influence of anode potentials on selection of Geobacter strains in microbial electrolysis cells. Bioresour Technol. 2013;139:226-34 pubmed publisher
    ..36 and -0.42 V biofilms. This work demonstrates for the first time that closely related strains of Geobacter can have very different competitive advantages at different anode potentials. ..
  5. Torres C, Marcus A, Lee H, Parameswaran P, Krajmalnik Brown R, Rittmann B. A kinetic perspective on extracellular electron transfer by anode-respiring bacteria. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2010;34:3-17 pubmed publisher
    In microbial fuel cells and electrolysis cells (MXCs), anode-respiring bacteria (ARB) oxidize organic substrates to produce electrical current...
  6. Sakarya Y, Sakarya R, Yildirim A. Electrolysis treatment of trichiasis by using ultra-fine needle. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2010;20:664-8 pubmed
    To determine the safety and efficacy of electrolysis treatment of trichiasis by using ultrafine needle.
  7. Lu Z, Zhang Y, Li L, Curtis R, Kong X, Fulcher R, et al. Inhibition of microbial growth and enrichment of gamma-aminobutyric acid during germination of brown rice by electrolyzed oxidizing water. J Food Prot. 2010;73:483-7 pubmed
    ..EOW with a pH of 3.0 and oxidation reduction potential of 1,079.0 mV were generated by the electrolysis of a dilute NaCl solution (20 mM) in an electrochemical cell...
  8. Croese E, Pereira M, Euverink G, Stams A, Geelhoed J. Analysis of the microbial community of the biocathode of a hydrogen-producing microbial electrolysis cell. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2011;92:1083-93 pubmed publisher
    The microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) is a promising system for hydrogen production. Still, expensive catalysts such as platinum are needed for efficient hydrogen evolution at the cathode...
  9. Kiely P, Cusick R, Call D, Selembo P, Regan J, Logan B. Anode microbial communities produced by changing from microbial fuel cell to microbial electrolysis cell operation using two different wastewaters. Bioresour Technol. 2011;102:388-94 pubmed publisher
    Conditions in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) differ from those in microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) due to the intrusion of oxygen through the cathode and the release of H(2) gas into solution...

More Information


  1. Erlandsson P, Robinson N. Electrolysis-reducing electrodes for electrokinetic devices. Electrophoresis. 2011;32:784-90 pubmed publisher
    ..g. electrophoretic separations (capillary electrophoresis) or electroosmotic pumps (EOPs), employ electrolysis of the solvent in these reactions...
  2. Deng X, Lu L, Li H, Luo F. The adsorption properties of Pb(II) and Cd(II) on functionalized graphene prepared by electrolysis method. J Hazard Mater. 2010;183:923-30 pubmed publisher
    The functionalized graphene (GNS(PF6)) was fabricated by simple and fast method of electrolysis with potassium hexafluorophosphate solution as electrolyte under the static potential of 15 V...
  3. Thygesen A, Marzorati M, Boon N, Thomsen A, Verstraete W. Upgrading of straw hydrolysate for production of hydrogen and phenols in a microbial electrolysis cell (MEC). Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2011;89:855-65 pubmed publisher
    In a microbial electrolysis cell (MEC), hydrolysate produced by hydrothermal treatment of wheat straw was used for hydrogen production during selective recovery of phenols. The average H? production rate was 0...
  4. Lohner S, Tiehm A. Application of electrolysis to stimulate microbial reductive PCE dechlorination and oxidative VC biodegradation. Environ Sci Technol. 2009;43:7098-104 pubmed
    ..to cis-dichloroethene, vinyl chloride, and ethene was stimulated by hydrogen produced by water electrolysis. Dechlorinating bacteria (Dehalococcoides spp. and Desulfitobacterium spp...
  5. Jeremiasse A, Hamelers H, Kleijn J, Buisman C. Use of biocompatible buffers to reduce the concentration overpotential for hydrogen evolution. Environ Sci Technol. 2009;43:6882-7 pubmed
    The hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) at Pt-cathodes of microbial electrolysis cells (MEC) has been associated with overpotentials of several hundred millivolts. The high overpotentials challenge the sustainability of an MEC...
  6. Nakayama M, Nakano H, Hamada H, Itami N, Nakazawa R, Ito S. A novel bioactive haemodialysis system using dissolved dihydrogen (H2) produced by water electrolysis: a clinical trial. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2010;25:3026-33 pubmed publisher
    ..by mixing dialysate concentrates and reverse osmosis water containing dissolved H(2) generated by a water electrolysis technique...
  7. Villano M, Scardala S, Aulenta F, Majone M. Carbon and nitrogen removal and enhanced methane production in a microbial electrolysis cell. Bioresour Technol. 2013;130:366-71 pubmed publisher
    The anode of a two-chamber methane-producing microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) was poised at +0.200V vs. the standard hydrogen electrode (SHE) and continuously fed (1.08gCOD/Ld) with acetate in anaerobic mineral medium...
  8. Call D, Logan B. A method for high throughput bioelectrochemical research based on small scale microbial electrolysis cells. Biosens Bioelectron. 2011;26:4526-31 pubmed publisher
    ..a simple system for conducting high throughput bioelectrochemical research using multiple inexpensive microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) built with commercially available materials and operated using a single power source...
  9. Lu L, Xing D, Liu B, Ren N. Enhanced hydrogen production from waste activated sludge by cascade utilization of organic matter in microbial electrolysis cells. Water Res. 2012;46:1015-26 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, augmentation of hydrogen production from WAS by microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) was implemented. H2 yields of 3.89±0.39 mg-H2/g-DS (5.67±0.61 mg-H2/g-VSS) from raw WAS and 6...
  10. Van Berkel G, Kertesz V. Utilizing the inherent electrolysis in a chip-based nanoelectrospray emitter system to facilitate selective ionization and mass spectrometric analysis of metallo alkylporphyrins. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2012;403:335-43 pubmed publisher
    ..These pipette tips provide the conductive contact to solution at which the electrolysis process inherent to electrospray takes places in the device...
  11. Sun J, Zhang S, Chen J, Han B. Efficacy of acidic and basic electrolyzed water in eradicating Staphylococcus aureus biofilm. Can J Microbiol. 2012;58:448-54 pubmed publisher
    ..aureus in biofilm equivalent to 2% HCl. These data suggested that AEW and BEW could be applied as a bactericide and removing agent for S. aureus in biofilm, respectively. ..
  12. Geelhoed J, Stams A. Electricity-assisted biological hydrogen production from acetate by Geobacter sulfurreducens. Environ Sci Technol. 2011;45:815-20 pubmed publisher
    ..sulfurreducens as biocatalyst for hydrogen formation at the cathode of a microbial electrolysis cell (MEC)...
  13. Hennebel T, Benner J, Clauwaert P, Vanhaecke L, Aelterman P, Callebaut R, et al. Dehalogenation of environmental pollutants in microbial electrolysis cells with biogenic palladium nanoparticles. Biotechnol Lett. 2011;33:89-95 pubmed publisher
    ..is still the limiting factor, this study examines in situ H(2) production in the cathode of a microbial electrolysis cell...
  14. Cusick R, Bryan B, Parker D, Merrill M, Mehanna M, Kiely P, et al. Performance of a pilot-scale continuous flow microbial electrolysis cell fed winery wastewater. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2011;89:2053-63 pubmed publisher
    A pilot-scale (1,000 L) continuous flow microbial electrolysis cell was constructed and tested for current generation and COD removal with winery wastewater. The reactor contained 144 electrode pairs in 24 modules...
  15. Nisola G, Yang X, Cho E, Han M, Lee C, Chung W. Disinfection performances of stored acidic and neutral electrolyzed waters generated from brine solution. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng. 2011;46:263-70 pubmed publisher
    ..NEW in closed vessel is the most feasible system for EW storage; its initial activity (8 Log(10) inactivation) was preserved for up to 17 days...
  16. Soundarrajan C, Sankari A, Dhandapani P, Maruthamuthu S, Ravichandran S, Sozhan G, et al. Rapid biological synthesis of platinum nanoparticles using Ocimum sanctum for water electrolysis applications. Bioprocess Biosyst Eng. 2012;35:827-33 pubmed publisher
    ..This environmentally friendly method of biological platinum nanoparticles production increases the rates of synthesis faster which can potentially be used in water electrolysis applications.
  17. Pisciotta J, Zaybak Z, Call D, Nam J, Logan B. Enrichment of microbial electrolysis cell biocathodes from sediment microbial fuel cell bioanodes. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012;78:5212-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This report provides a simple and effective method for enriching autotrophic electrotrophs by the use of sMFCs without the need for set potentials, followed by the use of potentials more negative than -400 mV. ..
  18. Call D, Wagner R, Logan B. Hydrogen production by geobacter species and a mixed consortium in a microbial electrolysis cell. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009;75:7579-87 pubmed publisher
    ..order to compare the hydrogen production rates and hydrogen recoveries of pure and mixed cultures in microbial electrolysis cells (MECs). At an applied voltage of 0.7 V, both G...
  19. Stewart P, Wattanakaroon W, Goodrum L, Fortun S, McLeod B. Electrolytic generation of oxygen partially explains electrical enhancement of tobramycin efficacy against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1999;43:292-6 pubmed
    The role of electrolysis products, including protons, hydroxyl ions, reactive oxygen intermediates, oxygen, hydrogen, and heat, in mediating electrical enhancement of killing of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms by tobramycin (the ..
  20. Nagamatsu Y, Tajima K, Kakigawa H, Kozono Y. Application of electrolyzed acid water to sterilization of denture base part 1. Examination of sterilization effects on resin plate. Dent Mater J. 2001;20:148-55 pubmed
  21. Guillou S, Besnard V, El Murr N, Federighi M. Viability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells exposed to low-amperage electrolysis as assessed by staining procedure and ATP content. Int J Food Microbiol. 2003;88:85-9 pubmed
    ..staining was performed to study sublethal injury of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells submitted to low-amperage electrolysis. Lethal effects of electrolysis were confirmed by all methods, demonstrated by the decrease in viable counts ..
  22. Derave W, Straumann N, Olek R, Hespel P. Electrolysis stimulates creatine transport and transporter cell surface expression in incubated mouse skeletal muscle: potential role of ROS. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2006;291:E1250-7 pubmed
    ..contractions (contractions) or electrical stimulation of only the buffer before incubation of the muscle (electrolysis)...
  23. Kishimoto N, Nakagawa T, Asano M, Abe M, Yamada M, Ono Y. Ozonation combined with electrolysis of 1,4-dioxane using a two-compartment electrolytic flow cell with solid electrolyte. Water Res. 2008;42:379-85 pubmed
    Ozonation combined with electrolysis (ozone-electrolysis) is a new advanced oxidation process for water treatment...
  24. Guentzel J, Liang Lam K, Callan M, Emmons S, Dunham V. Reduction of bacteria on spinach, lettuce, and surfaces in food service areas using neutral electrolyzed oxidizing water. Food Microbiol. 2008;25:36-41 pubmed
    ..Dipping (10min) of lettuce at 100 and 120ppm TRC reduced bacterial counts of E. coli by 0.24-0.25log(10)CFU/mL and reduced all other organisms by 2.43-3.81log(10)CFU/mL. ..
  25. Call D, Logan B. Hydrogen production in a single chamber microbial electrolysis cell lacking a membrane. Environ Sci Technol. 2008;42:3401-6 pubmed
    Hydrogen gas can be produced by electrohydrogenesis in microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) at greater yields than fermentation and at greater energy efficiencies than water electrolysis...
  26. Clauwaert P, Verstraete W. Methanogenesis in membraneless microbial electrolysis cells. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2009;82:829-36 pubmed publisher
    Operation of microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) without an ion exchange membrane could help to lower the construction costs while lowering the ohmic cell resistance and improving MEC conversion rates by minimizing the pH gradient between ..
  27. Wagner R, Regan J, Oh S, Zuo Y, Logan B. Hydrogen and methane production from swine wastewater using microbial electrolysis cells. Water Res. 2009;43:1480-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Hydrogen can theoretically be produced from wastewater by electrohydrogenesis in a microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) or by fermentation...
  28. Park Y, Guo J, Rahman S, Ahn J, Oh D. Synergistic effect of electrolyzed water and citric Acid against bacillus cereus cells and spores on cereal grains. J Food Sci. 2009;74:M185-9 pubmed publisher
    ..cereus cells and spores on cereal grains has not been previously reported. Therefore, the synergistic effect of EW and CA may provide a valuable insight on reducing foodborne pathogens on fruits, vegetables, and cereal grains. ..
  29. Cracknell J, Vincent K, Armstrong F. Enzymes as working or inspirational electrocatalysts for fuel cells and electrolysis. Chem Rev. 2008;108:2439-61 pubmed publisher
  30. Fosh B, Finch J, Lea M, Black C, Wong S, Wemyss Holden S, et al. Use of electrolysis as an adjunct to liver resection. Br J Surg. 2002;89:999-1002 pubmed
    ..Unfortunately, only 10-20 per cent of patients are suitable for curative resection. Electrolysis is a novel non-thermal method of tissue ablation...
  31. Sharma R, Demirci A. Treatment of Escherichia coli O157:H7 inoculated alfalfa seeds and sprouts with electrolyzed oxidizing water. Int J Food Microbiol. 2003;86:231-7 pubmed
    ..coli O157:H7. However, germination of the treated seeds reduced from 92% to 49% as amperage to make EO water and soaking time increased. EO water did not cause any visible damage to the sprouts. ..
  33. Hanaoka K, Sun D, Lawrence R, Kamitani Y, Fernandes G. The mechanism of the enhanced antioxidant effects against superoxide anion radicals of reduced water produced by electrolysis. Biophys Chem. 2004;107:71-82 pubmed
    We reported that reduced water produced by electrolysis enhanced the antioxidant effects of proton donors such as ascorbic acid (AsA) in a previous paper...
  34. Fan Y, Duan K, Wang R. A composite coating by electrolysis-induced collagen self-assembly and calcium phosphate mineralization. Biomaterials. 2005;26:1623-32 pubmed
    ..The results not only provide a novel bioactive coating for biomedical implants, but also establish a new experimental protocol for studying biomineralization mechanisms of collagen based biological tissues. ..
  35. Rabinovitch C, Stewart P. Removal and inactivation of Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms by electrolysis. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:6364-6 pubmed
    Bacterial biofilms were exposed to electrolysis by making the steel substratum an electrode in a circuit including a 6-V battery. These treatments resulted in killing (2.1-log reduction) and removal (4...
  36. Rozendal R, Hamelers H, Molenkamp R, Buisman C. Performance of single chamber biocatalyzed electrolysis with different types of ion exchange membranes. Water Res. 2007;41:1984-94 pubmed
    In this paper hydrogen production through biocatalyzed electrolysis was studied for the first time in a single chamber configuration...
  37. Zheng S, Lin H, Liu J, Balic M, Datar R, Cote R, et al. Membrane microfilter device for selective capture, electrolysis and genomic analysis of human circulating tumor cells. J Chromatogr A. 2007;1162:154-61 pubmed
    This paper presents development of a parylene membrane microfilter device for single stage capture and electrolysis of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in human blood, and the potential of this device to allow genomic analysis...
  38. Clauwaert P, Toledo R, Van der Ha D, Crab R, Verstraete W, Hu H, et al. Combining biocatalyzed electrolysis with anaerobic digestion. Water Sci Technol. 2008;57:575-9 pubmed publisher
    Biocatalyzed electrolysis is a microbial fuel cell based technology for the generation of hydrogen gas and other reduced products out of electron donors. Examples of electron donors are acetate and wastewater...
  39. Handojo A, Lee J, Hipp J, Pascall M. Efficacy of electrolyzed water and an acidic formulation compared with regularly used chemical sanitizers for tableware sanitization during mechanical and manual ware-washing protocols. J Food Prot. 2009;72:1315-20 pubmed
    ..0 log CFU per tableware item, respectively. This study revealed that NEW and the acidic formulation are as effective as the other chemical sanitizers for food contact surface sanitization in manual and mechanical ware washing. ..
  40. Logan B, Call D, Cheng S, Hamelers H, Sleutels T, Jeremiasse A, et al. Microbial electrolysis cells for high yield hydrogen gas production from organic matter. Environ Sci Technol. 2008;42:8630-40 pubmed
    ..2 V in practice) in specially designed microbial electrolysis cells (MECs), can result in a high yield of hydrogen gas...
  41. Teague B, Wemyss Holden S, Fosh B, Dennison A, Maddern G. Electrolysis and other local ablative treatments for non-resectable colorectal liver metastases. ANZ J Surg. 2002;72:137-41 pubmed
    ..b>Electrolysis, a novel non-thermal ablative treatment, is described...
  42. Kiura H, Sano K, Morimatsu S, Nakano T, Morita C, Yamaguchi M, et al. Bactericidal activity of electrolyzed acid water from solution containing sodium chloride at low concentration, in comparison with that at high concentration. J Microbiol Methods. 2002;49:285-93 pubmed
    ..ESW is prepared by electrolysis of a NaCl solution, and has a corrosive activity against medical instruments...
  43. Lai B, Zhou Y, Yang P, Yang J, Wang J. Degradation of 3,3'-iminobis-propanenitrile in aqueous solution by Fe(0)/GAC micro-electrolysis system. Chemosphere. 2013;90:1470-7 pubmed publisher
    The degradation of 3,3'-iminobis-propanenitrile was investigated using the Fe(0)/GAC micro-electrolysis system...
  44. Aoki T, Kinoshita M, Aoki R, Agetsuma M, Aizawa H, Yamazaki M, et al. Imaging of neural ensemble for the retrieval of a learned behavioral program. Neuron. 2013;78:881-94 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, the findings indicate that consolidated memory traces can be rapidly modified during reinforcement learning. ..
  45. Mokudai T, Nakamura K, Kanno T, Niwano Y. Presence of hydrogen peroxide, a source of hydroxyl radicals, in acid electrolyzed water. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e46392 pubmed publisher
    Acid electrolyzed water (AEW), which is produced through the electrolysis of dilute sodium chloride (NaCl) or potassium chloride solution, is used as a disinfectant in various fields because of its potent antimicrobial activity...
  46. Cerrillo M, Viñas M, Bonmatí A. Overcoming organic and nitrogen overload in thermophilic anaerobic digestion of pig slurry by coupling a microbial electrolysis cell. Bioresour Technol. 2016;216:362-72 pubmed publisher
    The combination of the anaerobic digestion (AD) process with a microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) coupled to an ammonia stripping unit as a post-treatment was assessed both in series operation, to improve the quality of the effluent, and ..
  47. Li G, Yu H, Song W, Dou M, Li Y, Shao Z, et al. A hard-template method for the preparation of IrO(2) , and its performance in a solid-polymer-electrolyte water electrolyzer. ChemSusChem. 2012;5:858-61 pubmed publisher
  48. Ziegler E, Fomon S, Nelson S, Jeter J, Theuer R. Dry cereals fortified with electrolytic iron or ferrous fumarate are equally effective in breast-fed infants. J Nutr. 2011;141:243-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that electrolytic iron and ferrous fumarate were equally efficacious as fortificants of this infant cereal. ..
  49. Prasad B, Lewis A, Plettner E. Enrichment of H(2)(17)O from tap water, characterization of the enriched water, and properties of several (17)O-labeled compounds. Anal Chem. 2011;83:231-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The reaction is a displacement of the alcohol OH group by water. This is an example of the usefulness of (17)O NMR in the study of a reaction mechanism that has not been noticed previously. ..
  50. Shu T, Okajima M, Wada Y, Shimokawa K, Ishii F. The treatment effect of the burn wound healing by electrolytic-reduction ion water lotion combination therapy. Part 2: Two degree burn of forearm to the dorsum of the hand. Biosci Trends. 2010;4:213-7 pubmed
    ..In these patients, burn wounds completely healed without hypertrophic or keloid scar formation or pigmentation. These results suggest that extensive II-III burns can be adequately treated by this topical therapy. ..
  51. Pangloli P, Hung Y, Beuchat L, King C, Zhao Z. Reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on produce by use of electrolyzed water under simulated food service operation conditions. J Food Prot. 2009;72:1854-61 pubmed
    ..Application of AcEW using procedures mimicking food service operations should help minimize cross-contamination and reduce the risk of E. coli O157:H7 being present on produce at the time of consumption. ..
  52. Yamamoto T, Nakano T, Yamaguchi M, Shimizu M, Wu H, Aoki H, et al. Disinfective process of strongly acidic electrolyzed product of sodium chloride solution against Mycobacteria. Med Mol Morphol. 2012;45:199-205 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that the bactericidal effect of EAW against Mycobacteria occurs by degradation of the cell wall, followed by denaturation of cytoplasmic proteins, but degeneration of the nucleic acid is not always necessary. ..
  53. Okajima M, Shimokawa K, Ishii F. The healing effect of electrolytic-reduction ion water on burn wounds. Biosci Trends. 2010;4:31-6 pubmed
    ..These results suggest the promotion of burn wound healing by ERI lotion. ..