malathion

Summary

Summary: A wide spectrum aliphatic organophosphate insecticide widely used for both domestic and commercial agricultural purposes.

Top Publications

  1. Sparling D, Fellers G. Comparative toxicity of chlorpyrifos, diazinon, malathion and their oxon derivatives to larval Rana boylii. Environ Pollut. 2007;147:535-9 pubmed
    ..This study examines the toxicity of chlorpyrifos, malathion and diazinon and their oxons on the foothill yellow-legged frog (Rana boylii). R...
  2. Abdollahi M, Donyavi M, Pournourmohammadi S, Saadat M. Hyperglycemia associated with increased hepatic glycogen phosphorylase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase in rats following subchronic exposure to malathion. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2004;137:343-7 pubmed
    We examined the effects of subchronic exposure to malathion, an organophosphorous (OP) insecticide, on plasma glucose and hepatic enzymes of glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis in rats in vivo...
  3. Raghu P, Madhusudana Reddy T, Reddaiah K, Kumara Swamy B, Sreedhar M. Acetylcholinesterase based biosensor for monitoring of Malathion and Acephate in food samples: a voltammetric study. Food Chem. 2014;142:188-96 pubmed publisher
    ..058ppm, 0.044ppm and 0.194ppm, 0.147ppm for Malathion and Acephate, respectively...
  4. Zhang J, Zhang J, Yang M, Jia Q, Guo Y, Ma E, et al. Genomics-based approaches to screening carboxylesterase-like genes potentially involved in malathion resistance in oriental migratory locust (Locusta migratoria manilensis). Pest Manag Sci. 2011;67:183-90 pubmed publisher
    Previous studies have indicated that increased carboxylesterase (CarE) activity is a major mechanism of malathion resistance in field populations of the oriental migratory locust, Locusta migratoria manilensis (Meyen), in China...
  5. Josse R, Sharanek A, Savary C, Guillouzo A. Impact of isomalathion on malathion cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in human HepaRG cells. Chem Biol Interact. 2014;209:68-76 pubmed publisher
    Isomalathion is a major impurity of technical grade malathion, one of the most abundantly applied insecticides; however little is known about its hepatotoxicity...
  6. Moore P, Yedjou C, Tchounwou P. Malathion-induced oxidative stress, cytotoxicity, and genotoxicity in human liver carcinoma (HepG2) cells. Environ Toxicol. 2010;25:221-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Malathion is an organophosphate pesticide that is known for its high toxicity to insects and low to moderate potency to humans and other mammals...
  7. Barber J, Greer M, Coughlin J. Field tests of malathion and permethrin applied via a truck-mounted cold fogger to both open and vegetated habitats. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2007;23:55-9 pubmed
    Field tests of formulated permethrin (Permanone 30:30) and malathion applied by ground ultra-low volume equipment were conducted using caged, laboratory-reared, adult Ochlerotatus taeniorhynchus...
  8. Hill N, Moor G, Cameron M, Butlin A, Preston S, Williamson M, et al. Single blind, randomised, comparative study of the Bug Buster kit and over the counter pediculicide treatments against head lice in the United Kingdom. BMJ. 2005;331:384-7 pubmed
    ..Number needed to treat for the Bug Buster kit compared with the pediculicides was 2.26. The Bug Buster kit was the most effective over the counter treatment for head louse infestation in the community when compared with pediculicides. ..
  9. Bonfanti P, Colombo A, Orsi F, Nizzetto I, Andrioletti M, Bacchetta R, et al. Comparative teratogenicity of chlorpyrifos and malathion on Xenopus laevis development. Aquat Toxicol. 2004;70:189-200 pubmed
    The embryotoxic potential of chlorpyrifos (CPF) and malathion (MTN), two organophosphorus insecticides (OPs), was evaluated by modified Frog Embryo Teratogenesis Assay-Xenopus (FETAX)...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Wu H, Zhang R, Liu J, Guo Y, Ma E. Effects of malathion and chlorpyrifos on acetylcholinesterase and antioxidant defense system in Oxya chinensis (Thunberg) (Orthoptera: Acrididae). Chemosphere. 2011;83:599-604 pubmed publisher
    The study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of malathion and chlorpyrifos on acetylcholinesterase (AChE), esterase (EST) activity and antioxidant system after topical application with different concentration to Oxya chinensis...
  2. Alp H, Aytekin I, Hatipoglu N, Alp A, Ogun M. Effects of sulforophane and curcumin on oxidative stress created by acute malathion toxicity in rats. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2012;16 Suppl 3:144-8 pubmed
    ..about effects of sulforophane (SFN) and curcumin (CUR) on the oxidative stress created by acute toxic effects of malathion (MAL) as an OPI often causing human and animal poisoning...
  3. Boutsiouki P, Clough G. Modulation of microvascular function following low-dose exposure to the organophosphorous compound malathion in human skin in vivo. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2004;97:1091-7 pubmed
    This study investigates whether malathion, a widely used organophosphate insecticide, has its effects on cutaneous vasculature in healthy human volunteers through its anticholinergic activity or through the modulation of other, ..
  4. Rezg R, Mornagui B, El Arbi M, Kamoun A, El Fazaa S, Gharbi N. Effect of subchronic exposure to malathion on glycogen phosphorylase and hexokinase activities in rat liver using native PAGE. Toxicology. 2006;223:9-14 pubmed
    The aim of this study was the evaluation of the effects of a subchronic exposure to malathion, an organophosphorus (OP) insecticide, on plasma glucose and hepatic enzymes of glycogenolysis and glycolysis in rats in vivo...
  5. Goda S, Elsayed I, Khodair T, El Sayed W, Mohamed M. Screening for and isolation and identification of malathion-degrading bacteria: cloning and sequencing a gene that potentially encodes the malathion-degrading enzyme, carboxylestrase in soil bacteria. Biodegradation. 2010;21:903-13 pubmed publisher
    Five malathion-degrading bacterial strains were enriched and isolated from soil samples collected from different agricultural sites in Cairo, Egypt...
  6. Xie S, Liu J, Li L, Qiao C. Biodegradation of malathion by Acinetobacter johnsonii MA19 and optimization of cometabolism substrates. J Environ Sci (China). 2009;21:76-82 pubmed
    To enhance the removal efficiency of malathion in the wastewater from organophosphate pesticide mill, a bacterium, Acinetobacter johnsonii MA19, that could degrade malathion with cometabolism was isolated from malathion-polluted soil ..
  7. Campaña A, Sanchez F, Gamboa C, Gómez Villalobos M, De La Cruz F, Zamudio S, et al. Dendritic morphology on neurons from prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, and nucleus accumbens is altered in adult male mice exposed to repeated low dose of malathion. Synapse. 2008;62:283-90 pubmed publisher
    b>Malathion is a highly neurotoxic pesticide widely used in daily life. Acute and chronic toxicity from this organophosphorus compound may cause damage to health, especially to the central nervous system...
  8. Calaf G, Garrido F. Catechol estrogens as biomarkers for mammary gland cancer. Int J Oncol. 2011;39:177-83 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the organo-phosphorous pesticide malathion in the presence of estrogen on neoplastic transformation of rat mammary glands...
  9. Taskin V, Kence M. The genetic basis of malathion resistance in housefly (Musca domestica L.) strains from Turkey. Genetika. 2004;40:1475-82 pubmed
    ..High doses of malathion (600 microg/fly) were applied in a laboratory environment for one year to Ceyhan1, Ceyhan2, Adana and Ankara ..
  10. Raghavendra K, Barik T, Adak T. Development of larval thermotolerance and its impact on adult susceptibility to malathion insecticide and Plasmodium vivax infection in Anopheles stephensi. Parasitol Res. 2010;107:1291-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Adaptive cross-tolerance to malathion was also induced by pre-exposing them to 37°C and 39°C...
  11. Ahmed M, Rocha J, Mazzanti C, Morsch A, Cargnelutti D, Correa M, et al. Malathion, carbofuran and paraquat inhibit Bungarus sindanus (krait) venom acetylcholinesterase and human serum butyrylcholinesterase in vitro. Ecotoxicology. 2007;16:363-9 pubmed
    Carbofuran and malathion, well known pesticides, and paraquat, a world widely used herbicide, were tested on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) from Bungarus sindanus venom and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) from human serum...
  12. Meinking T, Vicaria M, Eyerdam D, Villar M, Reyna S, Suarez G. Efficacy of a reduced application time of Ovide lotion (0.5% malathion) compared to Nix creme rinse (1% permethrin) for the treatment of head lice. Pediatr Dermatol. 2004;21:670-4 pubmed
    ..5% malathion) compared to Nix (1% permethrin) in a south Florida population infested with Pediculus humanus capitis...
  13. Basilua Kanza J, El Fahime E, Alaoui S, Essassi E, Brooke B, Nkebolo Malafu A, et al. Pyrethroid, DDT and malathion resistance in the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae from the Democratic Republic of Congo. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2013;107:8-14 pubmed publisher
    ..pyrethroids (deltamethrin, permethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin), an organochlorine (DDT) and an organophosphate (malathion)...
  14. Rezg R, Mornagui B, El Fazaa S, Gharbi N. Biochemical evaluation of hepatic damage in subchronic exposure to malathion in rats: effect on superoxide dismutase and catalase activities using native PAGE. C R Biol. 2008;331:655-62 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was the evaluation of the hepatic damages following a subchronic exposure to malathion, an organophosphorus (OP) insecticide...
  15. Magana C, Hernández Crespo P, Ortego F, Castanera P. Resistance to malathion in field populations of Ceratitis capitata. J Econ Entomol. 2007;100:1836-43 pubmed
    ..Insecticide treatments for the control of this pest are mainly based on aerial and ground treatments with malathion bait sprays...
  16. Ahmed T, Tripathi A, Suke S, Kumar V, Ahmed R, Das S, et al. Role of HSP27 and reduced glutathione in modulating malathion-induced apoptosis of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells: ameliorating effect of N-acetylcysteine and curcumin. Toxicol In Vitro. 2009;23:1319-25 pubmed publisher
    b>Malathion exerts cholinergic effects at high doses. However, a consequence of low dose (non-cholinergic) exposure causes immunotoxicity and oxidative stress...
  17. Bustos Obregon E, Yucra S, Gonzales G. Lepidium meyenii (Maca) reduces spermatogenic damage induced by a single dose of malathion in mice. Asian J Androl. 2005;7:71-6 pubmed
    To observe the effect of the aqueous extract of hypocotyls of the plant Lepidium meyenii (Maca) on spermatogenic damage induced by the organophosphate insecticide malathion in mice.
  18. Brand R, Charron A, Brand R. Decreasing malathion application time for lice treatment reduces transdermal absorption. Int J Pharm. 2005;301:48-53 pubmed
    ..Ovide, the 0.5% malathion formulation used in treatment of head lice requires placement on dry hair for 8-12 h...
  19. Buratti F, D Aniello A, Volpe M, Meneguz A, Testai E. Malathion bioactivation in the human liver: the contribution of different cytochrome p450 isoforms. Drug Metab Dispos. 2005;33:295-302 pubmed
    Among organophosphorothioate (OPT) pesticides, malathion is considered relatively safe for use in mammals...
  20. Yang Y, Lee S, Clark J, Ahn Y. Ovicidal and adulticidal activities of Origanum majorana essential oil constituents against insecticide-susceptible and pyrethroid/malathion-resistant Pediculus humanus capitis (Anoplura: Pediculidae). J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57:2282-7 pubmed publisher
    ..oil constituents from marjoram, Origanum majorana, to eggs and adult females of the susceptible KR-HL and dual malathion- and permethrin-resistant BR-HL strains of human head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis, was examined using ..
  21. Singh B, Kaur J, Singh K. Biodegradation of malathion by Brevibacillus sp. strain KB2 and Bacillus cereus strain PU. World J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;28:1133-41 pubmed publisher
    We report here the degradation of a pesticide, malathion, by Brevibacillus sp. strain KB2 and Bacillus cereus strain PU, isolated from soil samples collected from malathion contaminated field and an army firing range respectively...
  22. Réus G, Valvassori S, Nuernberg H, Comim C, Stringari R, Padilha P, et al. DNA damage after acute and chronic treatment with malathion in rats. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:7560-5 pubmed publisher
    b>Malathion is an insecticide widely used in agriculture and in public health programs that when used indiscriminately in large amounts can cause environmental pollution and risk to human health...
  23. Lan W, Cong J, Jiang H, Jiang S, Qiao C. Expression and characterization of carboxylesterase E4 gene from peach-potato aphid (Myzus persicae) for degradation of carbaryl and malathion. Biotechnol Lett. 2005;27:1141-6 pubmed
    ..coli BL21 (DE3). The recombinant CbE E4 hydrolyzed beta-naphthyl acetate and Carbaryl by 64% within 2.5 h, Malathion by 80% within 1.25 h...
  24. Azizullah A, Richter P, Häder D. Comparative toxicity of the pesticides carbofuran and malathion to the freshwater flagellate Euglena gracilis. Ecotoxicology. 2011;20:1442-54 pubmed publisher
    ..This study discusses the comparative toxicity of a carbamate (carbofuran) and an organophosphorus (malathion) pesticide to the freshwater flagellate Euglena gracilis during short- and long-term exposures...
  25. Bonner M, Coble J, Blair A, Beane Freeman L, Hoppin J, Sandler D, et al. Malathion exposure and the incidence of cancer in the agricultural health study. Am J Epidemiol. 2007;166:1023-34 pubmed
    b>Malathion is the most common organophosphate insecticide applied in the United States, and while some studies suggest that it may be clastogenic, its carcinogenicity has not been demonstrated in rodents...
  26. Rezg R, Mornagui B, Kamoun A, El Fazaa S, Gharbi N. Effect of subchronic exposure to malathion on metabolic parameters in the rat. C R Biol. 2007;330:143-7 pubmed
    This study investigates the effects of subchronic exposure to organophosphate insecticide Malathion (Fyfanon 50 EC 500 g/l) of commercial grade...
  27. Mahat N, Jayaprakash P, Zafarina Z. Malathion extraction from larvae of Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) for determining death due to malathion. Trop Biomed. 2012;29:9-17 pubmed
    The use of Chrysomya megacephala larvae for detecting malathion for diagnosing the cause of death was investigated...
  28. dos Santos A, dos Santos D, Ribeiro R, Colle D, Peres K, Hermes J, et al. Effects of K074 and pralidoxime on antioxidant and acetylcholinesterase response in malathion-poisoned mice. Neurotoxicology. 2011;32:888-95 pubmed publisher
    The organophosphorus (OP) pesticide malathion is a highly neurotoxic compound and its toxicity is primarily caused by the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), leading to cholinergic syndrome...
  29. Abate A, Hadis M. Susceptibility of Anopheles gambiae s.l. to DDT, malathion, permethrin and deltamethrin in Ethiopia. Trop Med Int Health. 2011;16:486-91 pubmed publisher
    To assess the susceptibility/resistance level of Anopheles gambiae s.l. to DDT, malathion, permethrin and deltamethrin in different parts of Ethiopia. Field collected female An.gambiae s.l...
  30. Choi H, Yang Y, Lee S, Clark J, Ahn Y. Efficacy of spray formulations containing binary mixtures of clove and eucalyptus oils against susceptible and pyrethroid/ malathion-resistant head lice (Anoplura: Pediculidae). J Med Entomol. 2010;47:387-91 pubmed
    ..binary mixtures (7:3, 5:5, and 3:7 by weight) against adult females of insecticide-susceptible KR-HL and dual malathion- and permethrin-resistant BR-HL strains of head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis (De Geer), was examined by ..
  31. Uzun F, Kalender S, Durak D, Demir F, Kalender Y. Malathion-induced testicular toxicity in male rats and the protective effect of vitamins C and E. Food Chem Toxicol. 2009;47:1903-8 pubmed publisher
    Sexually mature male Wistar rats (weighing 300-320 g and each group 6 animals) were given malathion (27 mg/kg; 1/50 of the LD(50) for an oral dose) and/or vitamin C (200mg/kg)+vitamin E (200mg/kg) daily via gavage for 4 weeks...
  32. David M, Shivakumar H, Ramesh H, Marigoudar S, Naik V. Hepatotoxic potential of Malathion in the freshwater teleost, Cirrhinus mrigala (Hamilton). J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol. 2007;18:307-14 pubmed
    ..edible fish, Cirrhinus mrigala, were exposed to a sublethal concentration (3 microl/L) of commercial grade malathion (50% EC) for 5, 15, or 25 days...
  33. da Silva A, Farina M, Franco J, Dafre A, Kassa J, Kuca K. Temporal effects of newly developed oximes (K027, K048) on malathion-induced acetylcholinesterase inhibition and lipid peroxidation in mouse prefrontal cortex. Neurotoxicology. 2008;29:184-9 pubmed
    ..K048) in reactivating acetylcholinesterase and in eliminating oxidative stress induced by acute exposure to malathion was evaluated in mouse prefrontal cortex using in vivo methods...
  34. Burgess I, Lee P, Matlock G. Randomised, controlled, assessor blind trial comparing 4% dimeticone lotion with 0.5% malathion liquid for head louse infestation. PLoS ONE. 2007;2:e1127 pubmed
    b>Malathion 0.5% has been the most prescribed pediculicide in the United Kingdom for around 10 years, and is widely used in Europe and North America...
  35. Nair A, Pradeep T. Extraction of chlorpyrifos and malathion from water by metal nanoparticles. J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2007;7:1871-7 pubmed
    ..and supported over activated alumina are effective systems for the quantitative removal of chlorpyrifos and malathion, two common pesticides found in surface waters of developing nations, from water...
  36. Patil V, David M. Oxidative stress in freshwater fish, Labeo rohita as a biomarker of malathion exposure. Environ Monit Assess. 2013;185:10191-9 pubmed publisher
    This study examined the effect of lethal (4.5 ?g/l) and sublethal (0.45 ?g/l) malathion levels on oxidative stress responses of the freshwater edible fish, Labeo rohita...
  37. Fortunato J, Agostinho F, Réus G, Petronilho F, Dal Pizzol F, Quevedo J. Lipid peroxidative damage on malathion exposure in rats. Neurotox Res. 2006;9:23-8 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to examine whether malathion, a commonly used organophosphorus (OP), might induce oxidative stress in cerebrospinal fluid, blood serum and ..
  38. Downs A, Narayan S, Stafford K, Coles G. Effectiveness of ovide against malathion-resistant head lice. Arch Dermatol. 2005;141:1318 pubmed
  39. Zhou H, Du J, Huang Y. Effects of sublethal doses of malathion on responses to sex pheromones by male Asian corn borer moths, Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenée). J Chem Ecol. 2005;31:1645-56 pubmed
    We evaluated the sublethal effects of malathion treatment on the behavioral responses of male Asian corn borers, Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenée), to their sex pheromones...
  40. Pandey S, Kumar R, Sharma S, Nagpure N, Srivastava S, Verma M. Acute toxicity bioassays of mercuric chloride and malathion on air-breathing fish Channa punctatus (Bloch). Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2005;61:114-20 pubmed
    ..determine the lethal toxicity of a heavy metal compound, mercuric chloride, and an organophosphorus pesticide, malathion, to air-breathing teleost fish, Channa punctatus (Bloch) and to study their behavior...
  41. Bouvresse S, Berdjane Z, Durand R, Bouscaillou J, Izri A, Chosidow O. Permethrin and malathion resistance in head lice: results of ex vivo and molecular assays. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2012;67:1143-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Overuse of these products has led to the emergence of resistance to pyrethroids and malathion worldwide. Permethrin resistance in head lice is mostly conferred by the knockdown resistance (kdr) trait...
  42. Vargas R, Miller N, Stark J. Field trials of spinosad as a replacement for naled, DDVP, and malathion in methyl eugenol and cue-lure bucket traps to attract and kill male oriental fruit flies and melon flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Hawaii. J Econ Entomol. 2003;96:1780-5 pubmed
    Spinosad was evaluated in Hawaii as a replacement for organophosphate insecticides (naled, dichlorvos [DDVP], and malathion) in methyl eugenol and cue-lure bucket traps to attract and kill oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel, ..
  43. Raghavendra K, Verma V, Srivastava H, Gunasekaran K, Sreehari U, Dash A. Persistence of DDT, malathion & deltamethrin resistance in Anopheles culicifacies after their sequential withdrawal from indoor residual spraying in Surat district, India. Indian J Med Res. 2010;132:260-4 pubmed
    ..DDT was introduced in early 1950s for vector control and later hexachloro cyclohexane (HCH) followed by malathion and recently synthetic pyrethroids in 1990s to manage the insecticide resistance in Anopheles culicifacies...
  44. Rezg R, Mornagui B, Benahmed M, Chouchane S, Belhajhmida N, Abdeladhim M, et al. Malathion exposure modulates hypothalamic gene expression and induces dyslipedemia in Wistar rats. Food Chem Toxicol. 2010;48:1473-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 32 repeated treatment days with malathion, an OP insecticide, on some molecular and metabolic parameters...
  45. Chosidow O, Giraudeau B, Cottrell J, Izri A, Hofmann R, Mann S, et al. Oral ivermectin versus malathion lotion for difficult-to-treat head lice. N Engl J Med. 2010;362:896-905 pubmed publisher
    ..Topical insecticides (i.e., pyrethroids and malathion) used as a lotion, applied twice at an interval of 7 to 11 days, are typically used for treatment...
  46. Kalender S, Uzun F, Durak D, Demir F, Kalender Y. Malathion-induced hepatotoxicity in rats: the effects of vitamins C and E. Food Chem Toxicol. 2010;48:633-8 pubmed publisher
    Mature male Wistar rats (weighing 300-320 g and each group six animals) were given malathion (27 mg/kg; 1/50 of the LD50 for an oral dose), vitamin C (200 mg/kg)+vitamin E (200 mg/kg), or both daily via gavage for 4 weeks...
  47. Casas E, Bonilla E, Ducolomb Y, Betancourt M. Differential effects of herbicides atrazine and fenoxaprop-ethyl, and insecticides diazinon and malathion, on viability and maturation of porcine oocytes in vitro. Toxicol In Vitro. 2010;24:224-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Atrazine and fenoxaprop-ethyl, widely used herbicides, and malathion and diazinon, organophosphate insecticides, are considered only slightly toxic to vertebrates; however, there is ..
  48. Srivastava V, Singh A, Thapar B. Field evaluation of malathion fogging against Japanese encephalitis vector, Culex tritaeniorhynchus. J Vector Borne Dis. 2008;45:249-50 pubmed
  49. McCarthy I, Fuiman L. Growth and protein metabolism in red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) larvae exposed to environmental levels of atrazine and malathion. Aquat Toxicol. 2008;88:220-9 pubmed publisher
    ..exposure to environmentally realistic levels of two contaminants, atrazine (0, 40 and 80 microgl(-1)) and malathion (0, 1 and 10 microgl(-1)), on growth and protein synthesis in red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) larvae...
  50. Shukla R, Sharma S, Raghavendra K, Subbarao S. A note on the susceptibility status of An. culicifacies and An. fluviatilis to malathion in Nainital and Udham Singh Nagar districts, Uttarakhand. J Commun Dis. 2006;38:369-72 pubmed
  51. Brocardo P, Assini F, Franco J, Pandolfo P, Muller Y, Takahashi R, et al. Zinc attenuates malathion-induced depressant-like behavior and confers neuroprotection in the rat brain. Toxicol Sci. 2007;97:140-8 pubmed
    b>Malathion is an organophosphate widely used as an insecticide in agriculture and in public health programs, causing risk to human health...
  52. Barr D, Angerer J. Potential uses of biomonitoring data: a case study using the organophosphorus pesticides chlorpyrifos and malathion. Environ Health Perspect. 2006;114:1763-9 pubmed
    Organophosphorus pesticides such as chlorpyrifos and malathion are widely used insecticides. They do not bioaccumulate appreciably in humans and are rapidly metabolized and excreted in the urine...
  53. Kristensen M, Knorr M, Rasmussen A, Jespersen J. Survey of permethrin and malathion resistance in human head lice populations from Denmark. J Med Entomol. 2006;43:533-8 pubmed
    Head lice, Pediculis capitis De Geer, populations were investigated for permethrin and malathion resistance after initial establishment of a discriminating dose of topical application bioassay with body lice, Pediculus humanus L...