fenitrothion

Summary

Summary: An organothiophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide.

Top Publications

  1. Lim J, Choi B, Choi A, Kim K, Kim D, Choi I, et al. Complete genome sequence of the fenitrothion-degrading Burkholderia sp. strain YI23. J Bacteriol. 2012;194:896 pubmed publisher
    ..Burkholderia sp. strain YI23 was isolated from a golf course soil and identified as a fenitrothion-degrading bacterium. In this study, we report the complete genome sequence of Burkholderia sp. strain YI23.
  2. Gebreegzi Y, Foster G, Khan S. Simultaneous determination of carbaryl, malathion, fenitrothion, and diazinon residues in sesame seeds (Sesamum indicum L.). J Agric Food Chem. 2000;48:5165-8 pubmed
    ..of carbaryl (1-naphthyl methylcarbamate), malathion [diethyl (dimethoxythiophosphorylthio) succinate], fenitrothion (O,O-dimethyl O-4-nitro-m-tolyl phosphorothioate), and diazinon (O,O-diethyl O-2-isopropyl-6-methylpyrimidin-4-..
  3. El Shenawy N. Effects of insecticides fenitrothion, endosulfan and abamectin on antioxidant parameters of isolated rat hepatocytes. Toxicol In Vitro. 2010;24:1148-57 pubmed publisher
    b>Fenitrothion, endosulfan and abamectin are insecticides that affect various organs in humans and animals. The present study was conducted to investigate their cytotoxicity in isolated male rat hepatocytes...
  4. Damasio J, Guilhermino L, Soares A, Riva M, Barata C. Biochemical mechanisms of resistance in Daphnia magna exposed to the insecticide fenitrothion. Chemosphere. 2007;70:74-82 pubmed
    Resistance to fenitrothion and enzyme activities associated with the toxicity and metabolism of organophosphorus insecticides were measured in three genetically unique Daphnia magna clones collected from rice fields of Delta del Ebro (NE ..
  5. Derbalah A, Nakatani N, Sakugawa H. Photocatalytic removal of fenitrothion in pure and natural waters by photo-Fenton reaction. Chemosphere. 2004;57:635-44 pubmed
    The photocatalytic removal kinetics of fenitrothion at a concentration of 0...
  6. Mandal D, Mondal B, Das A. Nucleophilic degradation of fenitrothion insecticide and performance of nucleophiles: a computational study. J Phys Chem A. 2012;116:2536-46 pubmed publisher
    ..of an important organophosphorus insecticide O,O-dimethyl O-(3-methyl-4-nitrophenyl) phosphorothioate, fenitrothion (FN), toward nucleophilic attack...
  7. Sarikaya R, Selvi M, Erkoç F. Investigation of acute toxicity of fenitrothion on peppered corydoras (Corydoras paleatus) (Jenyns, 1842). Chemosphere. 2004;56:697-700 pubmed
    b>Fenitrothion, as an organophosphothionate insecticide, is a contact insecticide and selective acaricide, also used as a vector control agent for malaria in public health programs...
  8. Korany N, Ezzat B. Prophylactic effect of green tea and Nigella sativa extracts against fenitrothion-induced toxicity in rat parotid gland. Arch Oral Biol. 2011;56:1339-46 pubmed publisher
    The aim of the present study was to compare between two antioxidant treatments in prevention of fenitrothion induced toxicity on rat parotid salivary gland.
  9. Sepici Dincel A, Sahin D, Karasu Benli A, Sarikaya R, Selvi M, Erkoç F, et al. Genotoxicity assessment of carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) fingerlings by tissue DNA damage and micronucleus test, after environmental exposure to fenitrothion. Toxicol Mech Methods. 2011;21:388-92 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the adverse effects of sublethal doses of fenitrothion, an organophosphothionate insecticide on brain, gill, liver, and muscle tissues as a ratio of 8-OHdG to dG to indicate the DNA damage and ..

More Information

Publications62

  1. Sebire M, Scott A, Tyler C, Cresswell J, Hodgson D, Morris S, et al. The organophosphorous pesticide, fenitrothion, acts as an anti-androgen and alters reproductive behavior of the male three-spined stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus. Ecotoxicology. 2009;18:122-33 pubmed publisher
    b>Fenitrothion (FN) is a widely used organophosphorous pesticide that has structural similarities with the clinical anti-androgen flutamide...
  2. Kim K, Ahn J, Kim T, Park S, Seong C, Song H, et al. Genetic and phenotypic diversity of fenitrothion-degrading bacteria isolated from soils. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2009;19:113-20 pubmed
    Twenty-seven fenitrothion-degrading bacteria were isolated from different soils, and their genetic and phenotypic characteristics were investigated...
  3. Turner K, Barlow N, Struve M, Wallace D, Gaido K, Dorman D, et al. Effects of in utero exposure to the organophosphate insecticide fenitrothion on androgen-dependent reproductive development in the Crl:CD(SD)BR rat. Toxicol Sci. 2002;68:174-83 pubmed
    b>Fenitrothion [0,0-dimethyl-O-(4-nitro-m-tolyl) phosphorothioate] is an organophosphate insecticide that has been shown to have antiandrogenic activity using in vitro and in vivo screening assays...
  4. Lei Y, Mulchandani P, Chen W, Mulchandani A. Biosensor for direct determination of fenitrothion and EPN using recombinant Pseudomonas putida JS444 with surface-expressed organophosphorous hydrolase. 2. Modified carbon paste electrode. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2007;136:243-50 pubmed
    ..for highly selective, sensitive, rapid, and cost-effective determination of the organophosphate pesticides fenitrothion and ethyl p-nitrophenol thio-benzene phosphonate (EPN) is discussed...
  5. Hsu J, Wu W, Haymer D, Liao H, Feng H. Alterations of the acetylcholinesterase enzyme in the oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis are correlated with resistance to the organophosphate insecticide fenitrothion. Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2008;38:146-54 pubmed publisher
    ..The AChE enzyme from a strain selected for resistance to the insecticide fenitrothion shows substantially lower catalytic efficiency for various substrates and 124-, 373- and 5810-fold less ..
  6. Afshar S, Farshid A, Heidari R, Ilkhanipour M. Histopathological changes in the liver and kidney tissues of Wistar albino rat exposed to fenitrothion. Toxicol Ind Health. 2008;24:581-6 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to investigate the dose-related effects of fenitrothion (FNT) on the liver and kidney...
  7. Katsumata H, Okada T, Kaneco S, Suzuki T, Ohta K. Degradation of fenitrothion by ultrasound/ferrioxalate/UV system. Ultrason Sonochem. 2010;17:200-6 pubmed publisher
    The sonochemical photodegradation of fenitrothion, which is one of phosphorothiate insecticides, was carried out in the presence of Fe(III) and oxalate...
  8. Almeida J, Oliveira C, Gravato C, Guilhermino L. Linking behavioural alterations with biomarkers responses in the European seabass Dicentrarchus labrax L. exposed to the organophosphate pesticide fenitrothion. Ecotoxicology. 2010;19:1369-81 pubmed publisher
    The acute effects of the organophosphate insecticide fenitrothion on Dicentrarchus labrax juveniles were investigated through a bioassay using biomarkers and swimming behaviour as effect criteria...
  9. Kim Y, Kim Y, Lee Y, Lee H. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for the insecticide fenitrothion. Influence of hapten conformation and sample matrix on assay performance. Anal Chim Acta. 2007;591:183-90 pubmed
    ..at developing competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) for the organophosphorus (OP) insecticide fenitrothion using a monoclonal antibody...
  10. Sohoni P, Lefevre P, Ashby J, Sumpter J. Possible androgenic/anti-androgenic activity of the insecticide fenitrothion. J Appl Toxicol. 2001;21:173-8 pubmed
    ..In this report, we present evidence that the insecticide fenitrothion can interact with the androgen, but not with the oestrogen, receptor...
  11. Hayatsu M, Hirano M, Tokuda S. Involvement of two plasmids in fenitrothion degradation by Burkholderia sp. strain NF100. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2000;66:1737-40 pubmed
    A bacterium capable of utilizing fenitrothion (O,O-dimethyl O-4-nitro-m-tolyl phosphorothioate) as a sole carbon source was isolated from fenitrothion-treated soil...
  12. Al Sarar A, Al Hafiz A, Bakr Y, Bayoumi A, Hussein H. Effects of space spray application methods on fenitrothion efficacy and development of resistance in Culex pipiens. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2011;27:129-34 pubmed
    Efficacy of fenitrothion as thermal fogging (TF) or ultra-low volume (ULV) applications against 6 successive generations of caged adult Culex pipiens and subsequent development of resistance in both adults and larvae were investigated in ..
  13. Taib I, Budin S, Ghazali A, Jayusman P, Louis S, Mohamed J. Fenitrothion induced oxidative stress and morphological alterations of sperm and testes in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2013;68:93-100 pubmed
    b>Fenitrothion residue is found primarily in soil, water and food products and can lead to a variety of toxic effects on the immune, hepatobiliary and hematological systems...
  14. Farage Elawar M, Francis B. Effects of multiple dosing of fenthion, fenitrothion, and desbromoleptophos in young chicks. J Toxicol Environ Health. 1988;23:217-28 pubmed
    The effects of multiple doses of desbromoleptophos, fenitrothion, and pure fenthion on brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE), brain neurotoxic esterase (NTE), and walking were investigated in immature chicks, below the age of sensitivity to ..
  15. Kanaly R, Kim I, Hur H. Biotransformation of 3-methyl-4-nitrophenol, a main product of the insecticide fenitrothion, by Aspergillus niger. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:6426-31 pubmed
    ..a newly characterized estrogenic chemical, and the primary breakdown product of the heavily used insecticide fenitrothion was investigated using a common soil fungus...
  16. Struve M, Turner K, Dorman D. Preliminary investigation of changes in the sexually dimorphic nucleus of the rat medial preoptic area following prenatal exposure to fenitrothion. J Appl Toxicol. 2007;27:631-6 pubmed
    In vitro, the organophosphate insecticide fenitrothion is a potent competitive androgen receptor antagonist, whereas in vivo it affects the development of the male rat reproductive system...
  17. de Barros L, Martins I, Rath S. A selective molecularly imprinted polymer-solid phase extraction for the determination of fenitrothion in tomatoes. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2010;397:1355-61 pubmed publisher
    ..imprinted solid-phase extraction (MISPE) was developed and applied for the determination of residues of fenitrothion (FNT) in tomatoes, using HPLC coupled to photodiode array detection (HPLC-DAD)...
  18. Reyes M, Angulo V, Sandoval C. [Toxic effect of beta-cipermethrin, deltamethrin and fenitrothion in colonies of Triatoma dimidiata (Latreille, 1811) and Triatoma maculata (Erichson, 1848) (Hemiptera, Reduviidae)]. Biomedica. 2007;27 Suppl 1:75-82 pubmed
    ..The baseline susceptibility was determined for the active principles deltamethrin, beta-cypermethrin and fenitrothion in nymphs of first and fifth instar of Triatoma dimidiata and nymphs of first instar of Triatoma maculata...
  19. Zhang Z, Hong Q, Xu J, Zhang X, Li S. Isolation of fenitrothion-degrading strain Burkholderia sp. FDS-1 and cloning of mpd gene. Biodegradation. 2006;17:275-83 pubmed
    ..The isolate was capable of using fenitrothion as the sole carbon source for its growth...
  20. Saito T, Fukushima T, Yui Y, Miyazaki S, Nakamoto A, Namera A, et al. Monolithic spin column extraction and GC-MS for the simultaneous assay of diquat, paraquat, and fenitrothion in human serum and urine. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2011;400:25-31 pubmed publisher
    ..and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry as an analytical method for screening diquat (DQ), paraquat (PQ), and fenitrothion in serum and urine. This method is useful for clinical and forensic toxicological analyses...
  21. Budin S, Han C, Jayusman P, Taib I. Tocotrienol rich fraction prevents fenitrothion induced pancreatic damage by restoring antioxidant status. Pak J Biol Sci. 2012;15:517-23 pubmed
    b>Fenitrothion (FNT) is extensively used as pesticide and may induce oxidative stress in various organs. Tocotrienol, a form of vitamin E found in palm oil, reduces oxidative impairments in pathological conditions...
  22. Tamura H, Maness S, Reischmann K, Dorman D, Gray L, Gaido K. Androgen receptor antagonism by the organophosphate insecticide fenitrothion. Toxicol Sci. 2001;60:56-62 pubmed
    ..We investigated the interaction of the organophosphothioate pesticide fenitrothion (O,O-dimethyl O-(4-nitro-m-tolyl) phosphorothioate) with the human androgen receptor (AR)...
  23. Saber M, Hejazi M, Kamali K, Moharramipour S. Lethal and sublethal effects of fenitrothion and deltamethrin residues on the egg parasitoid Trissolcus grandis (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae). J Econ Entomol. 2005;98:35-40 pubmed
    Effects of fenitrothion and deltamethrin, the most commonly used insecticides in Iran for controlling Eurygaster integriceps Puton (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae), in wheat and barley were assessed on adults and preimaginal stages of egg ..
  24. Okahashi N, Sano M, Miyata K, Tamano S, Higuchi H, Kamita Y, et al. Lack of evidence for endocrine disrupting effects in rats exposed to fenitrothion in utero and from weaning to maturation. Toxicology. 2005;206:17-31 pubmed
    b>Fenitrothion is a broad-spectrum organophosphate insecticide. Recently, it has been reported to exert androgenic or anti-androgenic activity in in vitro and in vivo screening assays, although the effects appear equivocal in vivo...
  25. Meaklim J, Yang J, Drummer O, Killalea S, Staikos V, Horomidis S, et al. Fenitrothion: toxicokinetics and toxicologic evaluation in human volunteers. Environ Health Perspect. 2003;111:305-8 pubmed
    An unblinded crossover study of fenitrothion 0.18 mg/kg/day [36 times the acceptable daily intake (ADI)] and 0...
  26. Buttemer W, Story P, Fildes K, Baudinette R, Astheimer L. Fenitrothion, an organophosphate, affects running endurance but not aerobic capacity in fat-tailed dunnarts (Sminthopsis crassicaudata). Chemosphere. 2008;72:1315-20 pubmed publisher
    ..dunnart Sminthopsis crassicaudata, a dasyurid marsupial, before and after ingestion of 30 mg kg(-1) of fenitrothion, an organophosphate (OP) pesticide...
  27. Galeano Díaz T, Guiberteau Cabanillas A, Espinosa Mansilla A, López Soto M. Adsorptive stripping square wave voltammetry (Ad-SSWV) accomplished with second-order multivariate calibration determination of fenitrothion and its metabolites in river water samples. Anal Chim Acta. 2008;618:131-9 pubmed publisher
    A method, using stripping square wave voltammetry (Ad-SSWV), for the simultaneous determination of fenitrothion (FEN) and its metabolites: fenitrooxon (OXON) and 3-methyl-4-nitrophenol (3-MET) in environmental samples is reported...
  28. Babczyńska A, Migula P. Cadmium-fenitrothion interaction in the spider Pardosa lugubris and the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2002;69:586-92 pubmed
  29. Luo Y, Xia Y. Selection of single-chain variable fragment antibodies against fenitrothion by ribosome display. Anal Biochem. 2012;421:130-7 pubmed publisher
    A single-chain variable fragment (ScFv) complementary DNA (cDNA) library against fenitrothion was constructed, and ScFvs specific for fenitrothion were selected by ribosome display from the library...
  30. Choi J, Roche H. Effect of potassium dichromate and fenitrothion on hemoglobins of Chironomus riparius Mg. (Diptera, Chironomidae) larvae: potential biomarker of environmental monitoring. Environ Monit Assess. 2004;92:229-39 pubmed
    ..Diptera: Chironomidae) larvae, exposed to potassium dichromate and fenitrothion, were investigated under laboratory conditions...
  31. Mineau P, Sundarem K, Sundarem A, Feng C, Busby D, Pearce P. An improved method to study the impact of pesticide sprays on small song birds. J Environ Sci Health B. 1990;25:105-35 pubmed
    ..of small songbirds (Zebra Finch, Poephila guttata) were sprayed in a chamber with varying concentrations of fenitrothion. Exposure levels were assessed by monitoring air concentrations, deposits of the active ingredient (AI) on ..
  32. Balakrishnan V, Han X, vanLoon G, Dust J, Toullec J, Buncel E. Acceleration of nucleophilic attack on an organophosphorothioate neurotoxin, fenitrothion, by reactive counterion cationic micelles. Regioselectivity as a probe of substrate orientation within the micelle. Langmuir. 2004;20:6586-93 pubmed
    31P NMR and UV-vis spectrometric evidence has revealed an unexpected regioselectivity in the reaction of fenitrothion, 1, an organophosphorus pesticide, with the cetyltrimethylammonium (CTA) surfactants CTAOH and CTAMINA, that incorporate ..
  33. Matsushita T, Matsui Y, Taniwaki S, Ikeba K. Mutagenic fate of insecticide fenitrothion in the environment-mutagenicity increases both by anaerobic biodegradation and photodegradation. Water Sci Technol. 2008;58:741-7 pubmed publisher
    In the present study, our objectives were (1) using the Ames assay, to evaluate the change in mutagenicity of a fenitrothion-containing solution during aerobic biodegradation, anaerobic biodegradation, and photodegradation, and (2) to ..
  34. Rumlova L, Dolezalova J. A new biological test utilising the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae for the rapid detection of toxic substances in water. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2012;33:459-64 pubmed publisher
    This study evaluates the toxic effects of five substances (atropine, fenitrothion, potassium cyanide, mercuric chloride and lead nitrate) on the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae...
  35. Pérez Clavijo M, Plaza Medina M, Sanz Asensio J, Galbán Bernal J. Decay study of pesticide residues in apple samples. J Chromatogr A. 1996;740:146-50 pubmed
    ..The methodology is then applied to decay studies in the laboratory of the organophosphorus pesticides, diclofluanid, fenitrothion and malathion.
  36. Jirakanjanakit N, Rongnoparut P, Saengtharatip S, Chareonviriyaphap T, Duchon S, Bellec C, et al. Insecticide susceptible/resistance status in Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti and Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Thailand during 2003-2005. J Econ Entomol. 2007;100:545-50 pubmed
    Susceptibility baselines and diagnostic doses of the technical grade insecticides deltamethrin, permethrin, fenitrothion, and propoxur were established based on Aedes aegypti (L.), Bora (French Polynesia), a reference susceptible strain...
  37. Ignatov O, Guliĭ O, Singirtsev I, Shcherbakov A, Makarov O, Ignatov V. [Effects of p-nitrophenol and organophosphorous nitroaromatic insecticides on the respiratory activity of free and immobilized cells of strains S-11 and BA-11 of Pseudomonas putida]. Prikl Biokhim Mikrobiol. 2002;38:278-85 pubmed
    ..incorporation into gels) have been compared. Prospects of development of the microbial cell-based sensor system for determining metaphors, sumithion, and PNP in aqueous media are discussed. ..
  38. Cruickshank D, Rougier N, Vico R, de Rossi R, Buján E, Bourne S, et al. Solid-state structures and thermal properties of inclusion complexes of the organophosphate insecticide fenitrothion with permethylated cyclodextrins. Carbohydr Res. 2010;345:141-7 pubmed publisher
    ..structures and thermal stabilities of the inclusion complexes formed between the organophosphate insecticide fenitrothion [O,O-dimethyl O-(3-methyl-4-nitrophenyl) phosphorothioate] and the host compounds TRIMEA and TRIMEB (..
  39. Fildes K, Astheimer L, Story P, Buttemer W, Hooper M. Cholinesterase response in native birds exposed to fenitrothion during locust control operations in eastern Australia. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2006;25:2964-70 pubmed
    ..Locust outbreaks occur in spring and summer months in semiarid regions of Australia. Fenitrothion, an organophosphate pesticide, is sprayed aerially to control locust plagues...
  40. Fujino Y, Inoue Y, Onodera M, Endo S, Nakayama H, Chida F, et al. [A case of mixed poisoning by organophosphate and methanol]. Chudoku Kenkyu. 2003;16:459-62 pubmed
    ..woman was transferred to our hospital because of oral ingestion of organophosphorous compound (about 14 g of fenitrothion) and glass cleaner (about 40 g of methanol) for suicidal purpose...
  41. Sancho E, Ferrando M, Ten A, Andreu Moliner E. Bioconcentration and excretion of fenitrothion in the brain of the eel (Anguilla anguilla). J Environ Sci Health B. 1997;32:901-14 pubmed
    The bioconcentration of fenitrothion in the brain of the european eel (Anguilla anguilla) and its posterior elimination have been studied. Animals were exposed to a sublethal concentration of fenitrothion (0...
  42. Futagami K, Hirano N, Iimori E, Motomura K, Ide M, Kataoka Y, et al. Severe fenitrothion poisoning complicated by rhabdomyolysis in psychiatric patient. Acta Med Okayama. 2001;55:129-32 pubmed
    ..We report here in a severe case of fenitrothion poisoning complicated by rhabdomyolysis...
  43. Nakashima K, Yoshimura T, Mori H, Kawaguchi M, Adachi S, Nakao T, et al. [Effects of pesticides on cytokines production by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells--fenitrothion and glyphosate]. Chudoku Kenkyu. 2002;15:159-65 pubmed
    ..We investigated the effects of fenitrothion (MEP), an organophosphorus insecticide, and glyphosate (GLP), a phosphorus containing amino acid-type herbicide,..
  44. Macoris M, Andrighetti M, Takaku L, Glasser C, Garbeloto V, Bracco J. Resistance of Aedes aegypti from the state of São Paulo, Brazil, to organophosphates insecticides. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2003;98:703-8 pubmed
    ..populations from ten localities have been submitted to bioassays with the diagnostic dose of temephos and fenitrothion. Only two (Mar lia and Presidente Prudente) remain susceptible to both insecticides and one (Santos) exhibits ..
  45. Fernández Cruz M, Villarroya M, Llanos S, Alonso Prados J, García Baudín J. Field-incurred fenitrothion residues in kakis: comparison of individual fruits, composite samples, and peeled and cooked fruits. J Agric Food Chem. 2004;52:860-3 pubmed
    Field trials have been carried out to determine the variability of residue levels of fenitrothion and its main metabolites fenitrothion-oxon and 3-methyl-4-nitrophenol in individual kaki fruits versus composite samples, in peel versus ..
  46. Yamamoto K, Nagaoka S, Banno Y, Aso Y. Biochemical properties of an omega-class glutathione S-transferase of the silkmoth, Bombyx mori. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2009;149:461-7 pubmed publisher
    ..to have high affinity for organophosphorus insecticide and was present abundantly in silkmoth strain exhibiting fenitrothion resistance...
  47. Glass T, Saiki H, Joh T, Taemi Y, Ohmura N, Lackie S. Evaluation of a compact bench top immunoassay analyzer for automatic and near continuous monitoring of a sample for environmental contaminants. Biosens Bioelectron. 2004;20:397-403 pubmed
    ..curves are shown for six analytes of environmental interest, dioxin F114 (2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF), the pesticide Fenitrothion, three coplanar PCBs, including the most toxic, PCB 126, and estradiol...
  48. Roy S, Roy S, Sharma C. Fenitrothion-induced changes in lipids of rats. Biomed Chromatogr. 2004;18:648-54 pubmed
    The dose-dependent lipid accumulation caused by fenitrothion administration is associated with alteration of the ratio of various components of phospholipids and neutral lipids in various organs of rats up to 48 h...
  49. Koyama K, Suzuki R, Kikuno T, Kaziwara H, Shinba T. [Serum fenitrothion concentration and toxic symptom in acute intoxication patients]. Chudoku Kenkyu. 2006;19:41-7 pubmed
    The serum drug concentrations were measured by HPLC or GC/MS in 15 patients of acute fenitrothion (MEP), an organophosphorus insecticide, intoxication. There was no fatal case. The patients were admitted 0...
  50. Podolak M, Panasiuk L. Biological indicators for the assessment of human exposure to organophosphorous compounds. Przegl Lek. 1997;54:719-22 pubmed
    ..Toxicological properties of organophosphorous compounds are of the great importance for this correlation. ..
  51. Ferrer I, Barcelo D. Stability of pesticides stored on polymeric solid-phase extraction cartridges. J Chromatogr A. 1997;778:161-70 pubmed
    The stability of four pesticides (desethylatrazine, fenamiphos, fenitrothion and fonofos) was examined under different storage conditions after preconcentration in disposable solid-phase extraction (SPE) cartridges containing new polymer ..
  52. Garcia F, GONZALEZ BARO M, Garda H, Cunningham M, Pollero R. Fenitrothion-induced structural and functional perturbations in the yolk lipoproteins of the shrimp Macrobrachium borellii. Lipids. 2004;39:389-96 pubmed
    ..prepared with lipids extracted from them, were used as simpler models to study the effect of the pesticide fenitrothion (FS) on their structures and functions...
  53. Tripathy N, Patnaik K. Mutagenicity of sumithion tested in Drosophila somatic and germ cells. Mutat Res. 1991;260:225-31 pubmed
    ..The compound is mutagenic in the wing primordial cells and induces recombination at high doses. Further, the frequency of induction of sex-linked recessive lethals is significant only at high treatment doses. ..