dietary potassium

Summary

Summary: Potassium or potassium compounds used in foods or as foods.

Top Publications

  1. Kido M, Ando K, Onozato M, Tojo A, Yoshikawa M, Ogita T, et al. Protective effect of dietary potassium against vascular injury in salt-sensitive hypertension. Hypertension. 2008;51:225-31 pubmed
    Hypertensive cardiovascular damage is accelerated by salt loading but counteracted by dietary potassium supplementation...
  2. Sebastian A, Frassetto L, Sellmeyer D, Morris R. The evolution-informed optimal dietary potassium intake of human beings greatly exceeds current and recommended intakes. Semin Nephrol. 2006;26:447-53 pubmed
    ..We discuss the potential implications of our findings in respect to human health and disease...
  3. Wildman C, West J, Bernard J. Effects of dietary cation-anion difference and potassium to sodium ratio on lactating dairy cows in hot weather. J Dairy Sci. 2007;90:970-7 pubmed
    ..1 kg/d) compared with ratios of 2:1 (29.3 kg/d) and 4:1 (28.7 kg/d). Results also suggest that greater DCAD improves ruminal N metabolism or N utilization may be more efficient with a high DCAD...
  4. Pollock C, Voss D, Hodson E, Crompton C. The CARI guidelines. Nutrition and growth in kidney disease. Nephrology (Carlton). 2005;10 Suppl 5:S177-230 pubmed
  5. Jan R, Shah S, Saleem S, Waheed A, Mufti S, Lone M, et al. Sodium and potassium excretion in normotensive and hypertensive population in Kashmir. J Assoc Physicians India. 2006;54:22-6 pubmed
    ..20) in patients with hypertension. Thus sodium and potassium excretion, Na+-K+ molar ratio and body mass index has direct bearing in perpetuation or causation of hypertension in Kashmir which may be related to intake of salt tea...
  6. Morris R, Sebastian A, Forman A, Tanaka M, Schmidlin O. Normotensive salt sensitivity: effects of race and dietary potassium. Hypertension. 1999;33:18-23 pubmed
    ..frequent in African Americans (blacks) and less frequent in Caucasian Americans (whites), but only when dietary potassium is deficient and not when maintained well within the normal range...
  7. Tunstall Pedoe H. Does dietary potassium lower blood pressure and protect against coronary heart disease and death? Findings from the Scottish Heart Health Study?. Semin Nephrol. 1999;19:500-2 pubmed
    ..These results are unifactorial, without correction other than for age and sex. Our findings need corroboration from elsewhere and more detailed analysis with more events from longer follow-up...
  8. Ibrahim H, Hostetter T. Role of dietary potassium in the hyperaldosteronism and hypertension of the remnant kidney model. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2000;11:625-31 pubmed
    ..It is hypothesized that the hyperaldosteronism attending this model stems from the combination of fixed dietary potassium load in the face of reduced filtration on the one hand, and persistent renin secretion from the scarred ..
  9. Fang J, Madhavan S, Alderman M. Dietary potassium intake and stroke mortality. Stroke. 2000;31:1532-7 pubmed
    An inverse relationship of dietary potassium to stroke mortality in a small community has been previously reported...

More Information

Publications101 found, 100 shown here

  1. Bazzano L, He J, Ogden L, Loria C, Vupputuri S, Myers L, et al. Dietary potassium intake and risk of stroke in US men and women: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I epidemiologic follow-up study. Stroke. 2001;32:1473-80 pubmed
    ..This study examines the relationship between dietary potassium intake and the risk of stroke in a representative sample of the US general population.
  2. Macdonald H, New S, Fraser W, Campbell M, Reid D. Low dietary potassium intakes and high dietary estimates of net endogenous acid production are associated with low bone mineral density in premenopausal women and increased markers of bone resorption in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005;81:923-33 pubmed
    ..Algorithms based on dietary intakes of key nutrients can be used to approximate net endogenous acid production (NEAP) and to explore the association between dietary acidity and bone health...
  3. Chatterjee R, Yeh H, Shafi T, Selvin E, Anderson C, Pankow J, et al. Serum and dietary potassium and risk of incident type 2 diabetes mellitus: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. Arch Intern Med. 2010;170:1745-51 pubmed publisher
    ..We hypothesized that adults with lower serum potassium levels and lower dietary potassium intake are at higher risk for incident diabetes mellitus (DM), independent of diuretic use.
  4. Green D, Ropper A, Kronmal R, Psaty B, Burke G. Serum potassium level and dietary potassium intake as risk factors for stroke. Neurology. 2002;59:314-20 pubmed
    ..Serum potassium levels, dietary potassium intake, and diuretic use in relation to risk for stroke in a prospectively studied cohort were investigated.
  5. Demigne C, Sabboh H, Remesy C, Meneton P. Protective effects of high dietary potassium: nutritional and metabolic aspects. J Nutr. 2004;134:2903-6 pubmed
    ..The need to ensure a 2.5- to 3.5-g daily K+ supply from fruits and vegetables represents a strong rationale for the "5-10 servings per day" recommendations...
  6. McGill C, Fulgoni V, Dirienzo D, Huth P, Kurilich A, Miller G. Contribution of dairy products to dietary potassium intake in the United States population. J Am Coll Nutr. 2008;27:44-50 pubmed
    Adequate dietary potassium intake is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular and other chronic diseases...
  7. Noori N, Kalantar Zadeh K, Kovesdy C, Murali S, Bross R, Nissenson A, et al. Dietary potassium intake and mortality in long-term hemodialysis patients. Am J Kidney Dis. 2010;56:338-47 pubmed publisher
    Hyperkalemia has been associated with higher mortality in long-term hemodialysis (HD) patients. There are few data concerning the relationship between dietary potassium intake and outcome.
  8. Rojas Gonzalez J, Avallone S, Brat P, Trystram G, Bohuon P. Effect of deep-fat frying on ascorbic acid, carotenoids and potassium contents of plantain cylinders. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2006;57:123-36 pubmed
    ..In our work, deep-fat frying of plantain preserved most of the micronutrient contents that were evaluated. ..
  9. Sun P, Liu W, Lin D, Yue P, Kemp R, Satlin L, et al. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid activates BK channels in the cortical collecting duct. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2009;20:513-23 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, high dietary K stimulates the renal CYP-epoxygenase pathway, which plays an important role in activating BK channels and flow-stimulated K secretion in the CCD. ..
  10. Ndanuko R, Tapsell L, Charlton K, Neale E, O Donnell K, Batterham M. Relationship between sodium and potassium intake and blood pressure in a sample of overweight adults. Nutrition. 2017;33:285-290 pubmed publisher
    ..Median dietary sodium intake was 3197 mg/d and median dietary potassium intake was 2886 mg/d...
  11. Silver R, Breton S, Brown D. Potassium depletion increases proton pump (H(+)-ATPase) activity in intercalated cells of cortical collecting duct. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2000;279:F195-202 pubmed
    ..Taken together, these data indicate that chronic K(+) depletion induces a marked increase in plasma membrane H(+)ATPase activity in individual ICs...
  12. Geleijnse J, Kok F, Grobbee D. Blood pressure response to changes in sodium and potassium intake: a metaregression analysis of randomised trials. J Hum Hypertens. 2003;17:471-80 pubmed
    ..51 vs -0.34 mmHg, P=0.074). In conclusion, reduced intake of sodium and increased intake of potassium could make an important contribution to the prevention of hypertension, especially in populations with elevated blood pressure...
  13. Terker A, Zhang C, Erspamer K, Gamba G, Yang C, Ellison D. Unique chloride-sensing properties of WNK4 permit the distal nephron to modulate potassium homeostasis. Kidney Int. 2016;89:127-34 pubmed publisher
    b>Dietary potassium deficiency activates thiazide-sensitive sodium chloride cotransport along the distal nephron...
  14. Shehan B, Wellard R, Adam W, Craik D. The use of dietary loading of 133Cs as a potassium substitute in NMR studies of tissues. Magn Reson Med. 1993;30:573-82 pubmed
    ..26 +/- 0.05 s (T1), and 0.028 +/- 0.006 s (T2) for liver, to 6.49 +/- 0.19 s and 1.12 +/- 0.03 s for plasma. 133Cs relaxation times show the same relative trends between tissues as are observed in 39K tissue studies...
  15. Massey L. Dairy food consumption, blood pressure and stroke. J Nutr. 2001;131:1875-8 pubmed
    ..Further research is required to explore the relationship of dairy food consumption and stroke. ..
  16. Sherman R, Mehta O. Phosphorus and potassium content of enhanced meat and poultry products: implications for patients who receive dialysis. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2009;4:1370-3 pubmed publisher
  17. Zhao Q, Gu D, Kelly T, Hixson J, Rao D, Jaquish C, et al. Association of genetic variants in the apelin-APJ system and ACE2 with blood pressure responses to potassium supplementation: the GenSalt study. Am J Hypertens. 2010;23:606-13 pubmed publisher
    Genetic factors may influence blood pressure (BP) responses to dietary potassium intake...
  18. Lemann J. Relationship between urinary calcium and net acid excretion as determined by dietary protein and potassium: a review. Nephron. 1999;81 Suppl 1:18-25 pubmed
  19. Gilligan S, Raphael K. Hyperkalemia and Hypokalemia in CKD: Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Clinical Outcomes. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2017;24:315-318 pubmed publisher
    ..CKD severity, use of medications such as renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors and diuretics, and dietary potassium intake are major determinants of serum potassium concentration in CKD...
  20. Sabboh H, Coxam V, Horcajada M, Remesy C, Demigne C. Effects of plant food potassium salts (citrate, galacturonate or tartrate) on acid-base status and digestive fermentations in rats. Br J Nutr. 2007;98:72-7 pubmed
    ..Whether this observation is also relevant for a fraction of SCFA arising from dietary fibre breakdown (which represents the major organic anions absorbed in the digestive tract in man) deserves further investigation. ..
  21. Leitolf H, Dixit K, Higham C, Brabant G. Licorice - or more?. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 2010;118:250-3 pubmed publisher
    ..He was started on potassium supplements (120 mmol/d) and advised to increase dietary potassium by the surgical team. A detailed personal history revealed ingestion of 300-500 g licorice per day...
  22. Carrisoza Gaytán R, Salvador C, Satlin L, Liu W, Zavilowitz B, Bobadilla N, et al. Potassium secretion by voltage-gated potassium channel Kv1.3 in the rat kidney. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2010;299:F255-64 pubmed publisher
    ..0 +/- 1.6 pmol x min(-1.) mm(-1). Our data provide the first evidence that Kv1.3 channels participate in K(+) secretion and that apical membrane localization of Kv1.3 is enhanced in the intercalated cells by dietary K(+) loading. ..
  23. Espeland M, Kumanyika S, Wilson A, Reboussin D, Easter L, Self M, et al. Statistical issues in analyzing 24-hour dietary recall and 24-hour urine collection data for sodium and potassium intakes. Am J Epidemiol. 2001;153:996-1006 pubmed
  24. Whiting S, Boyle J, Thompson A, Mirwald R, Faulkner R. Dietary protein, phosphorus and potassium are beneficial to bone mineral density in adult men consuming adequate dietary calcium. J Am Coll Nutr. 2002;21:402-9 pubmed
    ..2 g/kg) diet, plentiful in potassium (>100 mmol/day) and phosphorus (1741 +/- 535 mg) is beneficial for maintaining bone mineral density in adult men when Ca intake was adequate (1200 +/- 515 mg). ..
  25. Wang Z, Takemori H, Halder S, Nonaka Y, Okamoto M. Cloning of a novel kinase (SIK) of the SNF1/AMPK family from high salt diet-treated rat adrenal. FEBS Lett. 1999;453:135-9 pubmed
    ..SIK may play an important role in the regulation of adrenocortical functions in response to high plasma salt and ACTH stimulation. ..
  26. Knight J, Easter L, Neiberg R, Assimos D, Holmes R. Increased protein intake on controlled oxalate diets does not increase urinary oxalate excretion. Urol Res. 2009;37:63-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This is most likely due to hyperfiltration. These results indicate that as dietary protein intake increases, the catabolism of diet-derived amino acids is not associated with an increased endogenous oxalate synthesis in normal subjects. ..
  27. Pang P, Look R, Brown D, Nadel E. Wide complex rhythm and cardiac arrest. J Emerg Med. 2004;26:197-200 pubmed
  28. He F, MacGregor G. Potassium: more beneficial effects. Climacteric. 2003;6 Suppl 3:36-48 pubmed
    ..In this article, we address the evidence for the important role of potassium intake in regulating blood pressure and other beneficial effects of potassium which may be independent of and additional to its effect on blood pressure. ..
  29. Appel L. The role of diet in the prevention and treatment of hypertension. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2000;2:521-8 pubmed
  30. McCarron D, Reusser M. Are low intakes of calcium and potassium important causes of cardiovascular disease?. Am J Hypertens. 2001;14:206S-212S pubmed
    ..Adequate intake of minerals such as calcium and potassium-specifically derived from foods, where they coexist with other essential nutrients-contributes to cardiovascular as well as overall health. ..
  31. Veiras L, Han J, Ralph D, McDonough A. Potassium Supplementation Prevents Sodium Chloride Cotransporter Stimulation During Angiotensin II Hypertension. Hypertension. 2016;68:904-12 pubmed publisher
    ..The second aim tested whether doubling dietary potassium intake from 1% (A1K) to 2% (A2K) would prevent K(+) depletion during AngII infusion and, thus, prevent NCC ..
  32. Lin P, Aickin M, Champagne C, Craddick S, Sacks F, McCarron P, et al. Food group sources of nutrients in the dietary patterns of the DASH-Sodium trial. J Am Diet Assoc. 2003;103:488-96 pubmed
    ..Each of these food groups contributes critical nutrients across various sodium levels. It is important to emphasize all food groups when trying to follow this proven dietary pattern. ..
  33. Sasaki S. [Calcium, magnesium, and potassium as dietary nutrients]. Clin Calcium. 2006;16:110-5 pubmed
    ..But few studies found a significant relation in Western populations. For magnesium and potassium, some studies found a significantly positive relation with BMD. But no study with bone fracture as outcome has yet existed. ..
  34. Nakao T, Sanaka T, Tsubakihara Y, Hattori M, Honda M, Mizuiri S, et al. [Dietary recommendations for chronic kidney disease, 2007]. Nihon Jinzo Gakkai Shi. 2007;49:871-8 pubmed
  35. Buyck J, Blacher J, Kesse Guyot E, Castetbon K, Galan P, Safar M, et al. Differential associations of dietary sodium and potassium intake with blood pressure: a focus on pulse pressure. J Hypertens. 2009;27:1158-64 pubmed
    ..sodium to rise in BP through modification and stiffening of the arterial wall, whereas negative associations between dietary potassium intake and both SBP and DBP, hence MAP, support the vasodilator properties of this latter nutrient.
  36. Fettman M. Dietary instead of pharmacological management to counter the adverse effects of physiological adaptations to space flight. Pflugers Arch. 2000;441:R15-20 pubmed
  37. Zillich A, Garg J, Basu S, Bakris G, Carter B. Thiazide diuretics, potassium, and the development of diabetes: a quantitative review. Hypertension. 2006;48:219-24 pubmed
    ..These data suggest that thiazide-induced hypokalemia is associated with increased blood glucose. Treatment of thiazide-induced hypokalemia may reverse glucose intolerance and possibly prevent the future development of diabetes. ..
  38. Kamel K, Schreiber M, Halperin M. Renal potassium physiology: integration of the renal response to dietary potassium depletion. Kidney Int. 2018;93:41-53 pubmed publisher
    ..The implications of this physiology for the association between K+ depletion and hypertension, and K+ depletion and formation of calcium kidney stones are discussed. ..
  39. Nosova E, Bartel K, Chong K, Alley H, Conte M, Owens C, et al. Analysis of nutritional habits and intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids in veterans with peripheral arterial disease. Vasc Med. 2015;20:432-8 pubmed publisher
    ..They had an inadequate intake of magnesium (3%), calcium (5%), and soluble fiber (3%). Dietary potassium intake met the recommended guidelines...
  40. Kieneker L, Gansevoort R, de Boer R, Brouwers F, Feskens E, Geleijnse J, et al. Urinary potassium excretion and risk of cardiovascular events. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016;103:1204-12 pubmed publisher
    Observational studies on dietary potassium and risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) have reported weak-to-modest inverse associations...
  41. Gray D, Frindt G, Palmer L. Quantification of K+ secretion through apical low-conductance K channels in the CCD. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2005;289:F117-26 pubmed
    ..The number and properties of SK channels account for K(+) transport by the CCD under all physiological conditions tested. ..
  42. Heaney R. Role of dietary sodium in osteoporosis. J Am Coll Nutr. 2006;25:271S-276S pubmed
    ..Given the relative difficulty of the former, and the ancillary benefits of the latter, it would seem that the optimal strategy to protect the skeleton is to ensure adequate calcium and potassium intakes...
  43. Ferdaus M, Barber K, López Cayuqueo K, Terker A, Argaiz E, Gassaway B, et al. SPAK and OSR1 play essential roles in potassium homeostasis through actions on the distal convoluted tubule. J Physiol. 2016;594:4945-66 pubmed publisher
    ..SPAK-KO and kidney-specific OSR1 single knockout mice maintained plasma [K(+) ] following dietary potassium restriction, but DKO mice developed severe hypokalaemia...
  44. Jittakhot S, Schonewille J, Wouterse H, Yuangklang C, Beynen A. Apparent magnesium absorption in dry cows fed at 3 levels of potassium and 2 levels of magnesium intake. J Dairy Sci. 2004;87:379-85 pubmed
    ..Therefore, our hypothesis was rejected. Furthermore, these data indicate that supplemental Mg can effectively counteract the suppressant effect of K on Mg absorption in cows. ..
  45. Boyd Shiwarski C, Shiwarski D, Roy A, Namboodiri H, Nkashama L, Xie J, et al. Potassium-regulated distal tubule WNK bodies are kidney-specific WNK1 dependent. Mol Biol Cell. 2018;29:499-509 pubmed publisher
    ..While morphologically distinct WNK bodies were evident in the distal tubules of mice subjected to dietary potassium loading and restriction, KS-WNK1 knockout mice were deficient in these structures under identical conditions...
  46. Mathialahan T, Sandle G. Dietary potassium and laxatives as regulators of colonic potassium secretion in end-stage renal disease. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2003;18:341-7 pubmed
    ..In addition, even though colonic K+ secretion increases in ESRD, interdialytic hyperkalaemia is a serious problem in haemodialysis patients, which might be reduced by stimulating colonic K+ secretion still further using laxatives...
  47. Borges S, Fischer da Silva A, Ariki J, Hooge D, Cummings K. Dietary electrolyte balance for broiler chickens under moderately high ambient temperatures and relative humidities. Poult Sci. 2003;82:301-8 pubmed
    ..38 to 0.40% and Cl 0.405 to 0.39% (K = 0.52%), in 207 to 236 mEq/kg starter, Na 0.409 to 0.445% and Cl 0.326 to 0.372% Cl (K = 0.52%), and in grower Na 0.41 to 0.445%, Cl 0.315 to 0.267% (K = 0.47%)...
  48. Goff J, Horst R. Milk fever control in the United States. Acta Vet Scand Suppl. 2003;97:145-7 pubmed
    ..About 27% of dairy farms feed dry cows a diet with added anions to induce a compensated metabolic acidosis which has proved effective in reducing subclinical hypocalcemia. These diets are often high in calcium...
  49. Khan N, McAlister F, Rabkin S, Padwal R, Feldman R, Campbell N, et al. The 2006 Canadian Hypertension Education Program recommendations for the management of hypertension: Part II - Therapy. Can J Cardiol. 2006;22:583-93 pubmed
    ..To provide updated, evidence-based recommendations for the management of hypertension in adults...
  50. Brion M, Ness A, Davey Smith G, Emmett P, Rogers I, Whincup P, et al. Sodium intake in infancy and blood pressure at 7 years: findings from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2008;62:1162-9 pubmed
    ..Infancy may be a sensitive period regarding effects of sodium intake on future blood pressure (BP). This has only been demonstrated in one randomized trial of low sodium formulae with follow-up in adolescence in one-third of participants...
  51. Baumgärtel T, Metzler B, Mosenthin R, Greiner R, Rodehutscord M. Precaecal and postileal metabolism of P, Ca and N in pigs as affected by different carbohydrate sources fed at low level of P intake. Arch Anim Nutr. 2008;62:169-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Postileally, cellulose and pectin caused a net secretion while starch induced a net absorption of P...
  52. Heaney R. Dairy and bone health. J Am Coll Nutr. 2009;28 Suppl 1:82S-90S pubmed
    ..Given modern food sources, it is difficult to devise a diet that is "bone healthy" without including three servings of dairy per day, not just because of dairy calcium, but dairy protein and potassium as well...
  53. New S, Bolton Smith C, Grubb D, Reid D. Nutritional influences on bone mineral density: a cross-sectional study in premenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr. 1997;65:1831-9 pubmed
    ..01). High, long-term intake of these nutrients may be important to bone health, possibly because of their beneficial effect on acid-base balance...
  54. Hermans J, Fischer M, Schiffers P, Struijker Boudier H. High dietary potassium chloride intake augments rat renal mineralocorticoid receptor selectivity via 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1999;1472:537-49 pubmed
    ..This may contribute to the fine-tuning of salt-water homeostasis by the kidney...
  55. Sterling H, Lin D, Chen Y, Wei Y, Wang Z, Lai J, et al. PKC expression is regulated by dietary K intake and mediates internalization of SK channels in the CCD. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2004;286:F1072-8 pubmed
  56. Ishimitsu T. [Calcium, magnesium and potassium intake in hypertension]. Nihon Rinsho. 2004;62 Suppl 3:65-9 pubmed
  57. Thongboonkerd V, Chutipongtanate S, Kanlaya R, Songtawee N, Sinchaikul S, Parichatikanond P, et al. Proteomic identification of alterations in metabolic enzymes and signaling proteins in hypokalemic nephropathy. Proteomics. 2006;6:2273-85 pubmed
  58. Hunt S, Geleijnse J, Wu L, Witteman J, Williams R, Grobbee D. Enhanced blood pressure response to mild sodium reduction in subjects with the 235T variant of the angiotensinogen gene. Am J Hypertens. 1999;12:460-6 pubmed
    ..The angiotensinogen gene accounts for some of the interindividual variation of the blood pressure response to sodium reduction...
  59. Hu W, Murphy M. Dietary cation-anion difference effects on performance and acid-base status of lactating dairy cows: a meta-analysis. J Dairy Sci. 2004;87:2222-9 pubmed
    ..Changes in urinary pH and urinary excretion of Na, K, and Cl were consistent with varying DCAD, thus dietary acidity or alkalinity. The effects of DCAD were likely mediated via modification of acid-base status in the cows...
  60. Chan P, West J, Bernard J, Fernandez J. Effects of dietary cation-anion difference on intake, milk yield, and blood components of the early lactation cow. J Dairy Sci. 2005;88:4384-92 pubmed
  61. Wu G, Tian H, Han K, Xi Y, Yao Y, Ma A. Potassium magnesium supplementation for four weeks improves small distal artery compliance and reduces blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension. Clin Exp Hypertens. 2006;28:489-97 pubmed
    ..In essential hypertension patients, magnesium and potassium supplementation could improve small arterial compliance, while lacidipine improved large arterial compliance significantly...
  62. Factor K. Potassium management in pediatric peritoneal dialysis patients: can a diet with increased potassium maintain a normal serum potassium without a potassium supplement?. Adv Perit Dial. 2007;23:167-9 pubmed
    ..At the same time, 90% of pediatric dialysis patients under the age of 8 years are on PD...
  63. Vasco C, Avila J, Ruales J, Svanberg U, Kamal Eldin A. Physical and chemical characteristics of golden-yellow and purple-red varieties of tamarillo fruit (Solanum betaceum Cav.). Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2009;60 Suppl 7:278-88 pubmed publisher
    ..The golden-yellow variety had weaker anti-DPPH radical activity than the purple-red variety. Flavonols were only found in the peel of both varieties, while hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives were found in peel and pulp...
  64. Davis M, Jones D. The role of lifestyle management in the overall treatment plan for prevention and management of hypertension. Semin Nephrol. 2002;22:35-43 pubmed
    ..JNCVI guidelines provide a reasonable approach to lifestyle interventions, the benefits of which would outweigh the antihypertensive effects. The data suggest that such guidelines would benefit normotensive people as well...
  65. Dennis B, Stamler J, Buzzard M, Conway R, Elliott P, Moag Stahlberg A, et al. INTERMAP: the dietary data--process and quality control. J Hum Hypertens. 2003;17:609-22 pubmed
    ..For quality assessment, use of correlation data on dietary and urinary nutrient values yielded meaningful findings, including evidence of special difficulties in assessing sodium intake by dietary methods...
  66. Wang W. Renal potassium channels: recent developments. Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens. 2004;13:549-55 pubmed
    ..Also, the review describes the new regulatory mechanism of renal outer-medullary K (ROMK) channels and the role of Ca(2+)-activated maxi K+ channels in flow-dependent K+ secretion...
  67. Charlton K, Steyn K, Levitt N, Zulu J, Jonathan D, Veldman F, et al. Diet and blood pressure in South Africa: Intake of foods containing sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium in three ethnic groups. Nutrition. 2005;21:39-50 pubmed
  68. Wang W, Soltero L, Zhang P, Huang X, Lan H, Adrogue H. Renal inflammation is modulated by potassium in chronic kidney disease: possible role of Smad7. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2007;293:F1123-30 pubmed
    ..Our results show that potassium supplementation can reduce renal inflammation and hence, could modulate the progression of kidney injury in CKD...
  69. Meneton P, Lafay L, Tard A, Dufour A, Ireland J, Menard J, et al. Dietary sources and correlates of sodium and potassium intakes in the French general population. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2009;63:1169-75 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the dietary sources of sodium and potassium and to explore the biological, behavioural and socio-demographic factors associated with a high sodium and low potassium diet in a general population...
  70. Hart R, Pearce L. Serum potassium level and dietary potassium intake as risk factors for stroke. Neurology. 2003;60:1869-70; author reply 1870 pubmed
  71. Cordain L, Eaton S, Sebastian A, Mann N, Lindeberg S, Watkins B, et al. Origins and evolution of the Western diet: health implications for the 21st century. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005;81:341-54 pubmed
    ..The evolutionary collision of our ancient genome with the nutritional qualities of recently introduced foods may underlie many of the chronic diseases of Western civilization...
  72. Karppanen H, Karppanen P, Mervaala E. Why and how to implement sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium changes in food items and diets?. J Hum Hypertens. 2005;19 Suppl 3:S10-9 pubmed
    ..Such pricing and claim methods would help the consumers to choose healthier food alternatives, and make composition improvements tempting also for the food industry...
  73. Burrowes J, Ramer N. Removal of potassium from tuberous root vegetables by leaching. J Ren Nutr. 2006;16:304-11 pubmed
  74. Soo M, Fung T, Ng D, Chan S. Acute muscle weakness owing to severe hypokalaemia resulting from dietary insufficiency: case report. Ann Trop Paediatr. 2006;26:363-6 pubmed
    Acute muscle weakness with severe hypokalaemia is not uncommon in adults but is rare in children. An 11-month-old girl presented with hypokalaemic paralysis following a 1-month insufficiency of dietary potassium.
  75. Braschi A, Naismith D. The effect of a dietary supplement of potassium chloride or potassium citrate on blood pressure in predominantly normotensive volunteers. Br J Nutr. 2008;99:1284-92 pubmed
    Blood pressure (BP) shows a continuous relationship with the risk of CVD. There is substantial evidence that dietary potassium exerts an anti-pressor effect. Most clinical trials have used KCl...
  76. Estilo G, Liu W, Pastor Soler N, Mitchell P, Carattino M, Kleyman T, et al. Effect of aldosterone on BK channel expression in mammalian cortical collecting duct. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2008;295:F780-8 pubmed publisher
    ..HS rabbits, yet the flow-stimulated increase in J(K) was similar in both groups. These data suggest that aldosterone does not contribute to the regulation of BK channel expression/activity in response to dietary K(+) loading...
  77. Zhao Q, Gu D, Chen J, Bazzano L, Rao D, Hixson J, et al. Correlation between blood pressure responses to dietary sodium and potassium intervention in a Chinese population. Am J Hypertens. 2009;22:1281-6 pubmed publisher
    ..We examined the correlation between BP responses to dietary low-sodium, high-sodium, and potassium supplementation interventions in a feeding study...
  78. Matsumoto J, Miyake H, Isozaki T, Koshino T, Araki T. Primary aldosteronism in pregnancy. J Nippon Med Sch. 2000;67:275-9 pubmed
    ..The postoperative course was uneventful. Left adrenalectomy was conducted eight months after delivery under laparoscopic visualization. In this case report, we discuss management of aldosteronism in pregnancy and review the literature...
  79. Ogihara T, Asano T, Fujita T. Contribution of salt intake to insulin resistance associated with hypertension. Life Sci. 2003;73:509-23 pubmed
    ..g., potassium supplementation and anti-oxidant administration--to the treatment of insulin resistance and hypertension...
  80. Manger W, Simchon S, Stier C, Loscalzo J, Jan K, Jan R, et al. Protective effects of dietary potassium chloride on hemodynamics of Dahl salt-sensitive rats in response to chronic administration of sodium chloride. J Hypertens. 2003;21:2305-13 pubmed
    b>Dietary potassium supplementation decreases blood pressure and prevents strokes in humans, and prevents strokes and renal damage in Dahl salt-sensitive (DSS) rats.
  81. Hagfors L, Westerterp K, Sköldstam L, Johansson G. Validity of reported energy expenditure and reported intake of energy, protein, sodium and potassium in rheumatoid arthritis patients in a dietary intervention study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005;59:238-45 pubmed
    ..The aim of the study was to validate a diet history interview (DHI) method and a 3-day activity registration (AR) with biological markers...
  82. Lakatos B, Balla J, Vinkler P, Szentmihalyi K. [The role of macro-elements in the human body]. Orv Hetil. 2006;147:925-30 pubmed
    ..Messenger and prooxidant effect of Ca2+-ions, indirect antioxidant effect of Mg2+-ions and the adjuvant application of magnesium are also reviewed...
  83. Frindt G, Shah A, Edvinsson J, Palmer L. Dietary K regulates ROMK channels in connecting tubule and cortical collecting duct of rat kidney. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2009;296:F347-54 pubmed publisher
    ..1% KCl) diet. In the CNT, I(SK) was 360 +/- 30 pA on control, 1,160 +/- 110 on high-K, and 166 +/- 16 pA on low-K diets. The results indicate that ROMK channel activity is highly regulated by dietary K in both the CCD and the CNT...
  84. Woo J, Kwok T, Leung J, Tang N. Dietary intake, blood pressure and osteoporosis. J Hum Hypertens. 2009;23:451-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The findings lend further emphasis to the health benefits of salt reduction in our population both in terms of hypertension and osteoporosis...
  85. Cook N, Obarzanek E, Cutler J, Buring J, Rexrode K, Kumanyika S, et al. Joint effects of sodium and potassium intake on subsequent cardiovascular disease: the Trials of Hypertension Prevention follow-up study. Arch Intern Med. 2009;169:32-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous studies of dose-response effects of usual sodium and potassium intake on subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD) have largely relied on suboptimal measures of intake...
  86. Al Solaiman Y, Jesri A, Mountford W, Lackland D, Zhao Y, Egan B. DASH lowers blood pressure in obese hypertensives beyond potassium, magnesium and fibre. J Hum Hypertens. 2010;24:237-46 pubmed publisher
  87. Kuwabara A. [Nutrition and bone health. Dietary sodium intake and bone health]. Clin Calcium. 2010;20:590-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, the association of Na intake and bone health could not be studied alone, but should be studied with full consideration of its interaction with other nutrients...
  88. McCann S, Sempos C, Freudenheim J, Muti P, Russell M, Nochajski T, et al. Alcoholic beverage preference and characteristics of drinkers and nondrinkers in western New York (United States). Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2003;13:2-11 pubmed
    ..Our aim in this study was to describe differences in dietary and lifestyle characteristics associated with alcoholic beverage preference in a population-based sample of healthy study participants...
  89. Lin D, Sterling H, Yang B, Hebert S, Giebisch G, Wang W. Protein tyrosine kinase is expressed and regulates ROMK1 location in the cortical collecting duct. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2004;286:F881-92 pubmed
    ..We conclude that c-Src is expressed in the TAL, CCD, and OMCD and that stimulation of PTK increases the ROMK channels in the intracellular compartment but decreases them in the apical/subapical membrane in the CCD...
  90. Taylor E, Stampfer M, Curhan G. Dietary factors and the risk of incident kidney stones in men: new insights after 14 years of follow-up. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2004;15:3225-32 pubmed
    ..Because age and body size affect the relation between diet and kidney stones, dietary recommendations for stone prevention should be tailored to the individual patient...
  91. Tejada T, Fornoni A, Lenz O, Materson B. Nonpharmacologic therapy for hypertension: does it really work?. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2006;8:418-24 pubmed
    ..Combination of two or more modalities may have an additive benefit. Cessation of tobacco abuse not only has global health benefits, but may reduce blood pressure...
  92. Singh V, Rai N, Pandhija S, Rai A, Rai P. Investigation of common Indian edible salts suitable for kidney disease by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy. Lasers Med Sci. 2009;24:917-24 pubmed publisher
    ..The results of the quantitative elemental analysis of the salts obtained from LIBS measurements are also compared to atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS)...