potassium permanganate

Summary

Summary: Permanganic acid (HMnO4), potassium salt. A highly oxidative, water-soluble compound with purple crystals, and a sweet taste. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Information, 4th ed)

Top Publications

  1. Piangjai S, Sukontason K, Chaithong U. Potassium permanganate staining for differentiation the surface morphology of Opisthorchis viverrini, Haplorchis taichui and Phaneropsolus bonnei eggs. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 1999;30:371-4 pubmed
    b>Potassium permanganate staining method was developed for differentiation Opisthorchis viverrini, Haplorchis taichui and Phaneropsolus bonnei eggs. The surfaces of O. viverrini, H. taichui and P...
  2. Du J, Liu W, Lu J. Chemiluminescence behaviour of alkaline earth metal ions in the potassium permanganate-fluorescein reaction. Luminescence. 2003;18:341-5 pubmed
    ..earth metal ion solution, Mg2+ or Ca2+ or Ba2+, was injected into a reaction mixture of fluorescein and potassium permanganate. A possible CL mechanism is proposed based upon the CL, fluorescence and UV-visible spectra...
  3. Davis C, Bingman C, Landick R, Record M, Saecker R. Real-time footprinting of DNA in the first kinetically significant intermediate in open complex formation by Escherichia coli RNA polymerase. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:7833-8 pubmed
    ..Here we report real-time hydroxyl radical (*OH) and potassium permanganate (KMnO4) footprints obtained under conditions selected for optimal characterization of the first ..
  4. Vuthoori S, Bowers C, McCracken A, Dombroski A, Hinton D. Domain 1.1 of the sigma(70) subunit of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase modulates the formation of stable polymerase/promoter complexes. J Mol Biol. 2001;309:561-72 pubmed
    ..We suggest that domain 1.1 influences initiation by constraining polymerase to assess a promoter primarily by the fitness of its -10 and -35 regions to the canonical sequences...
  5. Bui C, Cotton R. Comparative study of permanganate oxidation reactions of nucleotide bases by spectroscopy. Bioorg Chem. 2002;30:133-7 pubmed
    ..The reaction was highly selective toward thymine and uracil, less with cytosine, very little reaction on guanine, and no reaction on adenine...
  6. Zhai X, Hua I, Rao P, Lee L. Cosolvent-enhanced chemical oxidation of perchloroethylene by potassium permanganate. J Contam Hydrol. 2006;82:61-74 pubmed
    ..conducted to examine cosolvent-enhanced in-situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) of perchloroethylene (PCE) using potassium permanganate (KMnO4)...
  7. Meral H, Kutukcu Y, Atmaca B, Ozer F, Hamamcioglu K. Parkinsonism caused by chronic usage of intravenous potassium permanganate. Neurologist. 2007;13:92-4 pubmed
    ..Manganese intoxication may be associated with abnormal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (abnormal signal hyperintensity in the globus pallidus and substantia nigra on T1-weighted images)...
  8. Slezak T, Francis P, Anastos N, Barnett N. Determination of synephrine in weight-loss products using high performance liquid chromatography with acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence detection. Anal Chim Acta. 2007;593:98-102 pubmed
    ..in extracts of Citrus aurantium (bitter orange) evoke analytically useful chemiluminescence with acidic potassium permanganate in the presence of polyphosphates...
  9. Darwish A, Mitchell A, Straus D. Evaluation of potassium permanganate against an experimental subacute infection of Flavobacterium columnare in channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus (Rafinesque). J Fish Dis. 2009;32:193-9 pubmed publisher
    An experiment was performed to evaluate the efficacy of potassium permanganate (KMnO4) as a prophylactic and therapeutic treatment of an experimental subacute infection of Flavobacterium columnare in channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus...

More Information

Publications102 found, 100 shown here

  1. Percy D, Adcock J, Conlan X, Barnett N, Gange M, Noonan L, et al. Determination of Citrus aurantium protoalkaloids using HPLC with acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence detection. Talanta. 2010;80:2191-5 pubmed publisher
    Acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence was explored as a sensitive and selective mode of detection for phenolic phenethylamines (adrenergic amines) in consumer products containing Citrus aurantium extracts...
  2. McDermott G, Conlan X, Noonan L, Costin J, Mnatsakanyan M, Shalliker R, et al. Screening for antioxidants in complex matrices using high performance liquid chromatography with acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence detection. Anal Chim Acta. 2011;684:134-41 pubmed publisher
    The use of high performance liquid chromatography with acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence detection to screen for antioxidants in complex plant-derived samples was evaluated in comparison with two conventional post-column ..
  3. Wabaidur S, Alothman Z, Alam S, Lee S. Flow injection-chemiluminescence determination of dopamine using potassium permanganate and formaldehyde system. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2012;96:221-5 pubmed publisher
    ..based on the enhancing effect of dopamine on the chemiluminescence emission generated by the reaction of potassium permanganate with formaldehyde in an acidic medium...
  4. McKane M, Malone C, Gussin G. Mutations at position -10 in the lambda PR promoter primarily affect conversion of the initial closed complex (RPc) to a stable, closed intermediate (RPi). Biochemistry. 2001;40:2023-31 pubmed
    ..Open complexes formed at the three mutant promoters are approximately 3-5 times less stable at 37 degrees than those formed at wild-type P(R)...
  5. Auner H, Buckle M, Deufel A, Kutateladze T, Lazarus L, Mavathur R, et al. Mechanism of transcriptional activation by FIS: role of core promoter structure and DNA topology. J Mol Biol. 2003;331:331-44 pubmed
    ..The tyrT core promoter structure is thus optimised to combine high transcriptional activity with acute sensitivity to at least three major independent regulatory inputs: negative superhelicity, FIS and ppGpp...
  6. Bui C, Sam L, Cotton R. UV-visible spectral identification of the solution-phase and solid-phase permanganate oxidation reactions of thymine acetic acid. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2004;14:1313-5 pubmed
    ..This result enables unambiguous interpretation of the absorbance change at 420 nm, as the intermediate permanganate ions could be isolated on the solid supports...
  7. Sukontason K, Sukontason K, Piangjai S, Boonchu N, Kurahashi H, Hope M, et al. Identification of forensically important fly eggs using a potassium permanganate staining technique. Micron. 2004;35:391-5 pubmed
    ..and Megaselia scalaris (Loew). A 1% potassium permanganate solution was used to stain egg surfaces for 1 min, followed by dehydration in 15, 70, and 95%, absolute ..
  8. Rahman N, Khan N, Azmi S. Kinetic spectrophotometric method for the determination of silymarin in pharmaceutical formulations using potassium permanganate as oxidant. Pharmazie. 2004;59:112-6 pubmed
    ..The method is based on the oxidation of the drug with potassium permanganate at pH 7.0 +/- 0.2...
  9. Zhang D, Ma Y, Zhou M, Li L, Chen H. Determination of ceftriaxone sodium in pharmaceutical formulations by flow injection analysis with acid potassium permanganate chemiluminescence detection. Anal Sci. 2006;22:183-6 pubmed
    ..chemiluminescence (CL) emission generated from the oxidation of ceftriaxone sodium alkali hydrolysate by potassium permanganate in polyphosphoric acid (PPA), a novel determination method for ceftriaxone sodium was developed by using a ..
  10. Thongpoon C, Liawruangrath B, Liawruangrath S, Wheatley R, Townshend A. Flow injection chemiluminescence determination of cefadroxil using potassium permanganate and formaldehyde system. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2006;42:277-82 pubmed
    ..The method is based on the CL-emitting reaction between cefadroxil and potassium permanganate in sulfuric acid medium, enhanced by formaldehyde (HCHO)...
  11. Panchabhai T, Dangayach N, Krishnan A, Kothari V, Karnad D. Oropharyngeal cleansing with 0.2% chlorhexidine for prevention of nosocomial pneumonia in critically ill patients: an open-label randomized trial with 0.01% potassium permanganate as control. Chest. 2009;135:1150-1156 pubmed publisher
    ..Oral cleansing with chlorhexidine decreases the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia in patients after cardiac surgery. However, evidence of its benefit in ICU patients is conflicting...
  12. Darwish A, Bebak J, Schrader K. Assessment of Aquaflor(®) , copper sulphate and potassium permanganate for control of Aeromonas hydrophila and Flavobacterium columnare infection in sunshine bass, Morone chrysops female × Morone saxatilis male. J Fish Dis. 2012;35:637-47 pubmed publisher
    ..Experiment 1 evaluated copper sulphate, florfenicol-medicated feed and potassium permanganate (KMnO(4) ) against a natural mixed infection...
  13. Fan J, Ho L, Hobson P, Brookes J. Evaluating the effectiveness of copper sulphate, chlorine, potassium permanganate, hydrogen peroxide and ozone on cyanobacterial cell integrity. Water Res. 2013;47:5153-64 pubmed publisher
    ..This study evaluated the effectiveness of copper sulphate (CuSO4), chlorine, potassium permanganate (KMnO4), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and ozone on the cell integrity and densities of Microcystis aeruginosa...
  14. Wołyniec E, Karpinska J, Losiewska S, Turkowicz M, Klimczuk J, Kojło A. Determination of lipoic acid by flow-injection and high-performance liquid chromatography with chemiluminescence detection. Talanta. 2012;96:223-9 pubmed publisher
    ..is based on the measurement of chemiluminescence (CL) produced during the reaction of ?-lipoic acid with potassium permanganate in a sodium hexametaphosphate medium (pH 3)...
  15. Wijerathna T, Gawarammana I, Dissanayaka D, Palanagasinghe C, Shihana F, Dassanayaka G, et al. Serum creatinine and cystatin C provide conflicting evidence of acute kidney injury following acute ingestion of potassium permanganate and oxalic acid. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2017;55:970-976 pubmed publisher
    ..with a combination washing powder containing oxalic acid (H2C2O4) and potassium permanganate (KMnO4). Early and rapid increases in serum creatinine (sCr) follow severe poisoning...
  16. Hønning J, Broholm M, Bjerg P. Quantification of potassium permanganate consumption and PCE oxidation in subsurface materials. J Contam Hydrol. 2007;90:221-39 pubmed
    ..Hence, application of low MnO(4)(-) concentrations can cause partly oxidation of PCE, as the oxidant demand of the sediment does not need to be met fully before PCE is oxidised. ..
  17. Pal P, Ahammad S, Pattanayak A, Bhattacharya P. Removal of arsenic from drinking water by chemical precipitation--a modeling and simulation study of the physical-chemical processes. Water Environ Res. 2007;79:357-66 pubmed
    ..efficiency of 91-92% was achieved for synthetic feed water spiked with 1 mg/L arsenic and pre-oxidized by potassium permanganate at optimum pH and coagulant dose...
  18. Qiao J, Zhang X, Lv L. Removal of Anabaena spiroides by potassium permanganate pre-oxidation: effect on photosynthetic capacity and molecular weight distribution. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017;24:24207-24213 pubmed publisher
    Bench scale tests were conducted to investigate the effect of potassium permanganate pre-oxidation on the photosynthetic activity and molecular weight distribution of Anabaena spiroides...
  19. Hu C, Zou W, Hu W, Ma X, Yang M, Zhou S, et al. Establishment of a Fast Chemical Identification System for screening of counterfeit drugs of macrolide antibiotics. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2006;40:68-74 pubmed
    ..from other types of drugs and then 16-membered macrolides and 14-membered ones were distinguished by potassium permanganate reactions depending on the time of loss of colour in the test solution; after which a TLC method carried ..
  20. Purkait M, DasGupta S, De S. Precipitation of cetyl (hexadecyl) pyridineum chloride using mono and divalent oxyanions. J Hazard Mater. 2008;160:502-7 pubmed publisher
    Experimental investigations have been carried out to observe the performance of precipitation behavior of potassium permanganate (KMnO4) and potassium dichromate (K2Cr2O7) in cetyl (hexadecyl) pyridineum chloride (CPC) solution...
  21. Chu H, Chien T, Li S. Simultaneous absorption of SO2 and NO from flue gas with KMnO4/NaOH solutions. Sci Total Environ. 2001;275:127-35 pubmed
    ..The existence of O2 has no significant effect on the absorption rate of SO2. Adding SO2 would decrease the absorption rate of NO; however, the addition of NO has no effect on the absorption rate of SO2. ..
  22. Licht A, Brantl S. Transcriptional repressor CcpN from Bacillus subtilis compensates asymmetric contact distribution by cooperative binding. J Mol Biol. 2006;364:434-48 pubmed
    ..Methylation interference, potassium permanganate and hydroxylamine footprinting were used to identify all contacted residues in both strands in the three ..
  23. Montazer M, Komeily Nia Z. Conductive nylon fabric through in situ synthesis of nano-silver: Preparation and characterization. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2015;56:341-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The nylon fabric was first treated with potassium permanganate to oxidize fabric surface and thereby, increasing the number of assembled particles on the fabric surface...
  24. Zhang M, Kruse N, Bowman J, Jackson G. Field Analysis of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Soil Using Solid-Phase Microextraction (SPME) and a Portable Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry System. Appl Spectrosc. 2016;70:785-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Two milliliters of 0.2?M potassium permanganate and 0...
  25. Zacheus O, Martikainen P. Physicochemical quality of drinking and hot waters in Finnish buildings originated from groundwater or surface water plants. Sci Total Environ. 1997;204:1-10 pubmed
    ..Corrosion of pipe materials was seen as elevated concentrations of iron and copper. In general, the physicochemical quality of drinking and hot waters in the buildings was rather similar. ..
  26. David A, Bleimling N, Beuck C, Lehn J, Weinhold E, Teulade Fichou M. DNA mismatch-specific base flipping by a bisacridine macrocycle. Chembiochem. 2003;4:1326-31 pubmed
    ..BisA binding induced an enhanced reactivity of the mispaired thymine residue in the DNA toward potassium permanganate oxidation...
  27. Chen X, Xiao B, Liu J, Fang T, Xu X. Kinetics of the oxidation of MCRR by potassium permanganate. Toxicon. 2005;45:911-7 pubmed
    ..The reaction under acid conditions was slightly faster than under alkaline conditions. The half-life of the reaction was less than 1min, and more than 99.5% of MCRR was degraded within 10min. ..
  28. El Ahmed H, Cañadas De la Fuente G, Fernández Castillo R, González Jiménez E, Cantero Hinojosa J, Lardón Fernández M. [Generalized cutaneous candidiasis in newborn at term]. Biomedica. 2012;32:170-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Blood culture was positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Cutaneous biopsy confirmed the cutaneous candidiasis. The early diagnosis is essential to prevent complications derived by the Candida albicans in newborns. ..
  29. Kolasa I, Lozinski T, Wierzchowski K. Mg2+ does not induce isomerization of the open transcription complex of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase at the model Pa promoter bearing consensus -10 and -35 hexamers. Acta Biochim Pol. 2001;48:985-94 pubmed
    ..Polon. 48, 495), testifies that binding of Mg2+ to RPo does not induce its further isomerization, which has been postulated for the lambdaP(R)-RPo complex (Suh et al., 1992, Biochemistry 31, 7815; 1993, Science 259, 358). ..
  30. Schroll A, Heintz N. Chemical footprinting of structural and functional elements of dhfr oribeta during the CHOC 400 cell cycle. Gene. 2004;332:139-47 pubmed
    ..These studies suggest that sequences within dhfr oribeta adopt specific conformations in cells, with the most prominent changes in the AT-rich region associated with the dA/dT(23) repeat and DNA unwinding. ..
  31. Wang C, Wang H, Huang L. A novel process for separation of polycarbonate, polyvinyl chloride and polymethyl methacrylate waste plastics by froth flotation. Waste Manag. 2017;65:3-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Pretreatment of plastics with potassium permanganate (KMnO4) solution was conducted to aid flotation separation of polycarbonate (PC), polyvinyl ..
  32. Ahn B, Grossman L. RNA polymerase signals UvrAB landing sites. J Biol Chem. 1996;271:21453-61 pubmed
    ..These results imply that the RNAP-induced DNA structure in the vicinity of the transcription start site signals a landing or entry site for the UvrAB complex on DNA. ..
  33. Lee E, Seol Y, Fang Y, Schwartz F. Destruction efficiencies and dynamics of reaction fronts associated with the permanganate oxidation of trichloroethylene. Environ Sci Technol. 2003;37:2540-6 pubmed
    Although potassium permanganate (KMnO4) flushing is commonly used to destroy chlorinated solvents in groundwater, many of the problems associated with this treatment scheme have not been examined in detail...
  34. Abdollahi Alibeik M, Mohammadpoor Baltork I, Zolfigol M. Alumina supported potassium permanganate: an efficient reagent for chemoselective dehydrogenation of 2-imidazolines under mild conditions. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2004;14:6079-82 pubmed
    b>Potassium permanganate supported on alumina was found to be an efficient reagent system for dehydrogenation of 2-imidazolines to imidazoles under mild conditions at room temperature...
  35. Pravadali S, Bassanese D, Conlan X, Francis P, Smith Z, Terry J, et al. Comprehensive sample analysis using high performance liquid chromatography with multi-detection. Anal Chim Acta. 2013;803:188-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Multiple modes of detection, including UV-visible absorbance, chemiluminescence (acidic potassium permanganate, manganese(IV), and tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(III)), mass spectrometry and DPPH radical scavenging ..
  36. Pereira R, Pfeifer L, Fournier J, Gouverneur V, Cvengroš J. Twisting the ethano-Tröger's base: the bisamide. Org Biomol Chem. 2017;15:628-633 pubmed publisher
    ..Herein, we report a succinct protocol that utilises potassium permanganate to selectively α-oxygenate the benzylic position of ethano-Tröger's base derivatives to yield a new ..
  37. Anderson W, Mayfield C, Dixon D, Huck P. Endotoxin inactivation by selected drinking water treatment oxidants. Water Res. 2003;37:4553-60 pubmed
    ..used either as disinfectants or oxidants in drinking water treatment: chlorine, monochloramine and potassium permanganate. Inactivation rates were found to be 1.4, 1.0 and 0...
  38. Zhang S, Li C, Zheng J, Liu T, Zeng F, Fu Y. [Seasonal variation of trophic states in backwater areas of tributaries in Three Gorges Reservoir]. Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2009;30:64-9 pubmed
    ..b>Potassium permanganate index, chemical oxygen demand (COD), total nitrogen (TN), ammonia nitrogen (NH4+ -N),total phosphorus (TP) ..
  39. Rusevova K, Kopinke F, Georgi A. Stabilization of potassium permanganate particles with manganese dioxide. Chemosphere. 2012;86:783-8 pubmed publisher
    A new potassium permanganate reagent with slow-release properties was designed and tested for possible application in in situ chemical oxidation...
  40. Itaqui S, Verdi C, Tondolo J, da Luz T, Alves S, Santurio J, et al. In Vitro Synergism between Azithromycin or Terbinafine and Topical Antimicrobial Agents against Pythium insidiosum. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2016;60:5023-5 pubmed publisher
    ..of azithromycin or terbinafine and benzalkonium, cetrimide, cetylpyridinium, mupirocin, triclosan, or potassium permanganate. With the exception of potassium permanganate, the remaining antimicrobial drugs were active and had an ..
  41. Li L, Li N, Luo H. Permanganate-based chemiluminescence analysis of ferulic acid using flow injection. Anal Sci. 2005;21:963-6 pubmed
    ..for the determination of ferulic acid based on the chemiluminescence reaction of ferulic acid with potassium permanganate in a nitric acid medium...
  42. Gómez Taylor B, Palomeque M, Garcia Mateo J, Martinez Calatayud J. Photoinduced chemiluminescence of pharmaceuticals. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2006;41:347-57 pubmed
    ..detected by direct chemiluminescence of the resulting photofragments and their subsequent reaction with potassium permanganate in sulphuric acid medium as oxidant...
  43. Xiao J, Zhou Q, Bai H. Application of multiwalled carbon nanotubes treated by potassium permanganate for determination of trace cadmium prior to flame atomic absorption spectrometry. J Environ Sci (China). 2007;19:1266-71 pubmed
    ..The MWCNTs were oxidized by potassium permanganate under appropriate conditions before use as preconcentration packing...
  44. Hassanian Moghaddam H, Shahbazi A. Gastric ventilation: a new approach to metal phosphide fumigant ingestion. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2012;50:435-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Initial therapy included intravenous fluids and gastric lavage with sodium bicarbonate and potassium permanganate. Hypotension, severe agitation and tachypnea prompted endotracheal intubation and treatment with gastric ..
  45. Hu N, Wu X, Liu R, Yang S, Huang W, Jiang D, et al. Novel application of vacuum sealing drainage with continuous irrigation of potassium permanganate for managing infective wounds of gas gangrene. J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci. 2015;35:563-568 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of the present study was to use vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) with continuous irrigation of potassium permanganate to manage infective wounds of gas gangrene and observe its clinical efficacy...
  46. Brown M, Glass B. Pharmaceutical applications of the Prout-Tompkins rate equation. Int J Pharm. 1999;190:129-37 pubmed
    ..The paper dealt with the kinetics of the thermal decomposition of crystals of potassium permanganate, and suggested a rate equation, which has become known as the Prout-Tompkins equation, for use in the ..
  47. Xu X, Lin Q, He X, Fu F, Chen G. Determination of protoberberine alkaloids in medicinal plants based on acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence system. Luminescence. 2010;25:403-8 pubmed publisher
    ..to determine protoberberine alkaloids in Cortex Phellodendri and Rhizoma Coptidis based on an acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence (CL) system...
  48. Rodriguez E, Rodriguez Amaya D. Lycopene epoxides and apo-lycopenals formed by chemical reactions and autoxidation in model systems and processed foods. J Food Sci. 2009;74:C674-82 pubmed publisher
    ..The inability to detect an intermediate product could be due to a fast turn over. Increased Z-isomerization was also observed and Z-isomers of the oxidation products were detected...
  49. Koksal A, Baybas S, Sozmen V, Köksal N, Altunkaynak Y, Dirican A, et al. Chronic manganese toxicity due to substance abuse in Turkish patients. Neurol India. 2012;60:224-7 pubmed publisher
    ..toxicity due to long-term intravenous use of a solution consisting of ephedrine, acetylsalicylic acid and potassium permanganate as a psycho-stimulant, popularly known as "Russian Cocktail"...
  50. Christenson M, Kambhu A, Comfort S. Using slow-release permanganate candles to remove TCE from a low permeable aquifer at a former landfill. Chemosphere. 2012;89:680-7 pubmed publisher
    ..5 md(-1)) that was within 6m of ground surface. To treat the TCE, we manufactured slow-release potassium permanganate candles (SRPCs) that were 91.4 cm long and either 5. cm or 7.6 cm in dia...
  51. Terry J, Smith Z, McDermott G, Waite R, Barnett N, Henderson L, et al. Chemiluminescence detection of amino acids and related compounds using acidic potassium permanganate, manganese(IV) or tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(III). Talanta. 2012;99:1051-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The [Ru(bipy)(3)](3+) reagent was effective for the detection of secondary amino acids such as proline and hydroxyproline, as well as the disulfide, homocystine. ..
  52. Ge W, Chen G, Jiang S, Wang H. [Clinical application of pelvic floor reconstruction in extralevator abdominoperineal excision for low rectal cancer]. Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2018;21:79-82 pubmed
    ..A perineal drain was used and was removed when drainage was minimal. Potassium permanganate was used for hip bath after removing the stitches...
  53. Van Deun A, Aung K, Hamid Salim A, Gumusboga M, Nandi P, Hossain M. Methylene blue is a good background stain for tuberculosis light-emitting diode fluorescence microscopy. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2010;14:1571-5 pubmed
    Damien Foundation Bangladesh tuberculosis (TB) control projects. To compare blue ink, potassium permanganate and methylene blue background staining for transmitted light-emitting diode (LED) TB fluorescence microscopy (FM)...
  54. MacKinnon L, Thomson N. Laboratory-scale in situ chemical oxidation of a perchloroethylene pool using permanganate. J Contam Hydrol. 2002;56:49-74 pubmed
  55. Lee S, Gralla J. Promoter use by sigma 38 (rpoS) RNA polymerase. Amino acid clusters for DNA binding and isomerization. J Biol Chem. 2002;277:47420-7 pubmed
    ..Permanganate assays for DNA melting support this view...
  56. Taha E. Kinetic spectrophotometric methods for the determination of dothiepin hydrochloride in bulk and in drug formulation. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2003;376:1131-6 pubmed
    ..The first method is based on kinetic investigation of the oxidation reaction of the drug with alkaline potassium permanganate at room temperature for a fixed time of 25 min...
  57. Liu R, Li X, Xia S, Wu R, Li G. [Effectiveness and mechanism of permanganate enhancing arsenite co-precipitation with ferric chloride]. Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2005;26:72-5 pubmed
    ..POFCP process exhibits good potential of removing As(III ) to assure chemical safety of drinking water...
  58. Nakao R, Furutsuka K, Yamaguchi M, Suzuki K. Development and validation of a liquid chromatographic method for the analysis of positron emission tomography radiopharmaceuticals with Ru(bpy)(3)(2+)-KMnO(4) chemiluminescence detection. Anal Sci. 2007;23:151-5 pubmed
    ..on the CL reaction of PET compounds with tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) [Ru(bpy)(3)(2+)] and acidic potassium permanganate [KMnO(4)]...
  59. Rodríguez E, Acero J, Spoof L, Meriluoto J. Oxidation of MC-LR and -RR with chlorine and potassium permanganate: toxicity of the reaction products. Water Res. 2008;42:1744-52 pubmed
    ..Previous studies have demonstrated that chlorine and potassium permanganate are feasible oxidants for the removal of MCs present in drinking water resources, although the oxidation ..
  60. Li B, Weber J, Chen Y, Greenleaf A, Gilmour D. Analyses of promoter-proximal pausing by RNA polymerase II on the hsp70 heat shock gene promoter in a Drosophila nuclear extract. Mol Cell Biol. 1996;16:5433-43 pubmed
    ..has been detected by monitoring the hyperreactivity of thymines in the transcription bubble toward potassium permanganate. The pattern of permanganate reactivity for the hsp70 promoter in the reconstituted system matches the ..
  61. Nelson M, Parker B, Al T, Cherry J, Loomer D. Geochemical reactions resulting from in situ oxidation of PCE-DNAPL by KMnO4 in a sandy aquifer. Environ Sci Technol. 2001;35:1266-75 pubmed
    ..Observations of the coatings using transmission electron microscopy indicate that they are on the order of 1 microm thick, and consequently, the decrease in porosity through the formation of the coatings is negligible...
  62. Bui C, Rees K, Cotton R. Permanganate oxidation reactions of DNA: perspective in biological studies. Nucleosides Nucleotides Nucleic Acids. 2003;22:1835-55 pubmed
    ..This paper aims to review the usefulness and limitations of the permanganate oxidation reaction used in various biological studies of DNA...
  63. Khan H, Ahmed M, Bhanger M. A simple spectrophotometric determination of trace level mercury using 1,5-diphenylthiocarbazone solubilized in micelle. Anal Sci. 2005;21:507-12 pubmed
    ..The method has high precision and accuracy (s = +/-0.01 for 0.1 mg L(-1))...
  64. Laupu W, Brimacombe J. The effect of high concentration potassium permanganate on protein contamination from metallic and synthetic rubber airway equipment. Anaesthesia. 2007;62:824-6 pubmed
    We tested the hypothesis that supplementary cleaning using potassium permanganate 8 mg.l(-1) eliminates protein deposits from the reusable metallic and synthetic rubber airway equipment...
  65. Liqing L, Lin G, Ming S, Hanwen S. Determination of hydroxycamptothecinum by flow injection analysis with chemiluminescence detection. J Clin Lab Anal. 2007;21:356-62 pubmed
    ..It is based on the CL reaction of potassium permanganate-formaldehyde-HCPT system...
  66. Loomer D, Al T, Banks V, Parker B, Mayer K. Manganese valence in oxides formed from in situ chemical oxidation of TCE by KMnO4. Environ Sci Technol. 2010;44:5934-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This work demonstrates that MnO2(s) may not be the main product of MnO4- reaction with chlorinated solvents as is commonly assumed and that the efficiency of ISCO treatment may be greater than previously known...
  67. Li Y, Zhao Y, Zhu Z. Kinetic investigation of the autocatalytic reaction between potassium permanganate and hydrogen peroxide with soft-modeling methods. Anal Sci. 2011;27:37-41 pubmed
    The complex autocatalytic reaction between potassium permanganate (KMnO(4)) and hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) was studied by online UV-Vis spectra methods...
  68. Bondarenko V, Liu Y, Ninfa A, Studitsky V. Action of prokaryotic enhancer over a distance does not require continued presence of promoter-bound sigma54 subunit. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002;30:636-42 pubmed
    ..These studies exclude the hypothesis that enhancer action during multiple-round transcription involves the memory of the initial activation event...
  69. Amar C, Chalmers R, Elwin K, Tynan P, McLauchlin J. Blinded evaluation of DNA extraction and genotyping of stained Cryptosporidium on glass slides. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2002;35:486-8 pubmed
  70. Liu M, Garges S, Adhya S. lacP1 promoter with an extended -10 motif. Pleiotropic effects of cyclic AMP protein at different steps of transcription initiation. J Biol Chem. 2004;279:54552-7 pubmed
  71. Sahl J, Munakata Marr J, Crimi M, Siegrist R. Coupling permanganate oxidation with microbial dechlorination of tetrachloroethene. Water Environ Res. 2007;79:5-12 pubmed
    ..liquids, designing a remediation system that couples in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) with potassium permanganate (KMnO4) and microbial dechlorination may be complicated because of the potentially adverse effects of ISCO ..
  72. Wu X, Xiao B, Gong Y, Wang Z, Chen X, Li R. Kinetic study of the 2-methyl-3-methoxy-4-phenylbutanoic acid produced by oxidation of microcystin in aqueous solutions. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2008;27:2019-26 pubmed publisher
    ..These results provided new insight concerning selection of the permanganate-periodate concentration, pH, and temperature needed for the oxidation of MCs with a high and stable yield of MMPB...
  73. Smith M, Silva J, Munakata Marr J, McCray J. Compatibility of polymers and chemical oxidants for enhanced groundwater remediation. Environ Sci Technol. 2008;42:9296-301 pubmed
    ..Combinations of nontoxic polymers (xanthan and hydrolyzed polyacrylamide) and common chemical oxidants (potassium permanganate and sodium persulfate) were investigated to determine the suitability of these mixtures for polymer-..
  74. Chang Y, Su G, Yin C, Zhang J, Bu H. [Study on dynamics of tannin in different growth phase of Cynomorium songaricum]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2005;28:643-5 pubmed
    b>Potassium permanganate titration and complexometry were used to determine the content of tannin in different growth phase of wild and cultivated Cynomorium songaricum Rupr...
  75. Waseem A, Yaqoob M, Nabi A. Flow-injection determination of carbaryl and carbofuran based on KMnO(4)-Na(2)SO(3) chemiluminescence detection. Luminescence. 2007;22:349-54 pubmed
    ..2-2.0 microg/mL, r(2) = 0.9966-0.9988, n = 6) were also established with relative standard deviations (n = 4) in the range 1.2-2.0% with limits of detection (3sigma blank) in the range 100-300 ng/mL...
  76. Sirguey C, de Souza E Silva P, Schwartz C, Simonnot M. Impact of chemical oxidation on soil quality. Chemosphere. 2008;72:282-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Plant growth was negatively affected by permanganate, related to lower soil permeability and aeration. Both treatments had an effect on soil properties but Fenton oxidation appeared to be more compatible with revegetation...
  77. Wang N, Shao Y, Tang Y, Yin H, Wu X. Flow-injection chemiluminescence method for the determination of naphazoline hydrochloride and oxymetazoline hydrochloride. Luminescence. 2009;24:178-82 pubmed publisher
    ..chemiluminescence (FI-CL) method, which was based on the CL intensity generated from the redoxreaction of potassium permanganate (KMnO4)-formaldehyde in vitriol (H2SO4) medium, has been developed, validated and applied for the ..
  78. Chen B, Gao N, Lu W, Shang Y, Qin Z. [Emergent treatment of source water contaminated by representative chemicals]. Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2009;30:1632-8 pubmed
    ..5 mg/L Cl2. The oxidation products of BPA as well as their toxicity need further study. PAC adsorption combined with 1.5 mg/L KMnO4 preoxidation can't improve the removal efficiency of DEP, but can improve BPA removal efficiency...
  79. Soni B, Visavadiya N, Dalwadi N, Madamwar D, Winder C, Khalil C. Purified c-phycoerythrin: safety studies in rats and protective role against permanganate-mediated fibroblast-DNA damage. J Appl Toxicol. 2010;30:542-50 pubmed publisher
    ..The protective role of purified C-PE to potassium permanganate-mediated human fibroblast-DNA damage was assessed by comet assay at 0 (control), 10 and 20 microg C-PE ml(-..
  80. McDermott G, Francis P, Holt K, Scott K, Martin S, Stupka N, et al. Determination of intracellular glutathione and glutathione disulfide using high performance liquid chromatography with acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence detection. Analyst. 2011;136:2578-85 pubmed publisher
    ..approach to determine intracellular GSH based on a rapid chromatographic separation coupled with acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence detection, which was extended to GSSG by incorporating thiol blocking and disulfide bond ..
  81. Jiang J, Pang S, Ma J, Liu H. Oxidation of phenolic endocrine disrupting chemicals by potassium permanganate in synthetic and real waters. Environ Sci Technol. 2012;46:1774-81 pubmed publisher
    ..17?-ethinylestradiol, and 4-n-nonylphenol, were shown to exhibit similarly appreciable reactivity toward potassium permanganate [Mn(VII)] with a second-order rate constant at near neutral pH comparable to those of ferrate(VI) and ..
  82. Gillette T, Lusky M, Borowiec J. Induction of structural changes in the bovine papillomavirus type 1 origin of replication by the viral E1 and E2 proteins. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994;91:8846-50 pubmed
    ..Higher levels of E1 were required for binding to the adjacent ori AT-rich region. Thus, these data suggest that E2 can order the stepwise binding of E1 to ori...
  83. Yoshikawa M, Iwasaki H, Shinagawa H. Evidence that phenylalanine 69 in Escherichia coli RuvC resolvase forms a stacking interaction during binding and destabilization of a Holliday junction DNA substrate. J Biol Chem. 2001;276:10432-6 pubmed
  84. Alarfaj N. Flow-injection chemiluminescence determination of enalapril maleate in pharmaceuticals and biological fluids using tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II). Anal Sci. 2003;19:1145-9 pubmed
    ..is based on the CL reaction of the drug with tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II), Ru(bipy)3(2+) and acidic potassium permanganate. After selecting the best operating parameters, calibration graphs were obtained over concentration ranges ..
  85. Klymchuk D, Kordyum E, Vorobyova T, Chapman D, Brown C. Changes in vacuolation in the root apex cells of soybean seedlings in microgravity. Adv Space Res. 2003;31:2283-8 pubmed
    ..In such cells changes in vacuolation may have been involved to maintain turgor pressure or may have been a result of intensification of other vacuolar functions like digestion and storage...
  86. Mumford K, Thomson N, Allen King R. Bench-scale investigation of permanganate natural oxidant demand kinetics. Environ Sci Technol. 2005;39:2835-40 pubmed
    ..This result demonstrates that NOD estimated from total organic carbon measurements can significantly overpredict the NOD value required in the design of an in situ chemical oxidation application...
  87. Li Y, Lu J. Chemiluminescence flow-injection analysis of beta-lactam antibiotics using the luminol-permanganate reaction. Luminescence. 2006;21:251-5 pubmed
    ..0 mg/L cefradine and 10.0 mg/L ceftriaxone sodium, respectively. The method was successfully applied to the determination of amoxicillin in pharmaceutical preparations. A possible CL reaction mechanism is also discussed...
  88. Hobbs M, Grippo R, Farris J, Griffin B, Harding L. Comparative acute toxicity of potassium permanganate to nontarget aquatic organisms. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2006;25:3046-52 pubmed
    b>Potassium permanganate (KMnO4) is used worldwide in freshwater pond aquaculture for treatment and prevention of waterborne external parasitic, bacterial, and fungal diseases. Nevertheless, KMnO4 has not been approved by the U.S...
  89. Tabone T, Sallmann G, Chiotis M, Law M, Cotton R. Chemical cleavage of mismatch (CCM) to locate base mismatches in heteroduplex DNA. Nat Protoc. 2006;1:2297-304 pubmed
    ..Hydroxylamine modifies unpaired cytosine and potassium permanganate modifies unpaired thymine...
  90. Neschastnova A, Gasanova V, Belitskiĭ G, Iakubovskaia M, Dolinnaia N. [Chemical cleavage of DNA with single base mismatches for detection of mutations of unknown localization]. Mol Biol (Mosk). 2007;41:535-43 pubmed
    ..was carried out with chemicals, which able to attack only nucleobases flipped out of the base stack: potassium permanganate and hydroxylamine reacting to T and C respectively...
  91. Chen J, Yeh H, Tseng I. Potassium permanganate as an alternative preoxidant for enhancing algal coagulation--pilot and bench scale studies. Environ Technol. 2008;29:721-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Permanganate caused cells to liberate extracellular organic matter at the cell surfaces, thereby improving cell aggregation and increasing algae removal. Calcium enhanced the permanganate preoxidation during algal coagulation...
  92. Liu C, Lin C, Tsai M, Chen W, Chai C, Huang Y, et al. Melanin bleaching with dilute hydrogen peroxide: a simple and rapid method. Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol. 2013;21:275-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Two common bleaching processes are potassium permanganate followed by oxalic acid treatment and dilute hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) process...