lead radioisotopes


Summary: Unstable isotopes of lead that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Pb atoms with atomic weights 194-203, 205, and 209-214 are radioactive lead isotopes.

Top Publications

  1. Milenic D, Garmestani K, Brady E, Albert P, Ma D, Abdulla A, et al. Alpha-particle radioimmunotherapy of disseminated peritoneal disease using a (212)Pb-labeled radioimmunoconjugate targeting HER2. Cancer Biother Radiopharm. 2005;20:557-68 pubmed
    ..98). No improvement in median survival was noted with a similar regimen in the Shaw xenograft model...
  2. Milenic D, Garmestani K, Brady E, Albert P, Abdulla A, Flynn J, et al. Potentiation of high-LET radiation by gemcitabine: targeting HER2 with trastuzumab to treat disseminated peritoneal disease. Clin Cancer Res. 2007;13:1926-35 pubmed
    ..The objective of the studies presented here was improvement of the efficacy of alpha-particle radioimmunotherapy using a chemotherapeutic agent...
  3. Persson B, Holm E. Polonium-210 and lead-210 in the terrestrial environment: a historical review. J Environ Radioact. 2011;102:420-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Since the activity concentration of (210)Po and (210)Pb in seafood is significantly higher than in vegetarian food the effective dose to populations consuming a lot of seafood might be 5-15 fold higher...
  4. Yong K, Brechbiel M. Towards translation of 212Pb as a clinical therapeutic; getting the lead in!. Dalton Trans. 2011;40:6068-76 pubmed publisher
    ..The following perspective addresses the modes of radionuclide production, radiolabelling and chelation chemistry, as well as the application of (212)Pb to targeted and pre-targeted radiation therapy...
  5. Yong K, Milenic D, Baidoo K, Brechbiel M. (212)Pb-radioimmunotherapy induces G(2) cell-cycle arrest and delays DNA damage repair in tumor xenografts in a model for disseminated intraperitoneal disease. Mol Cancer Ther. 2012;11:639-48 pubmed publisher
  6. Yong K, Milenic D, Baidoo K, Brechbiel M. Sensitization of tumor to ²¹²Pb radioimmunotherapy by gemcitabine involves initial abrogation of G2 arrest and blocked DNA damage repair by interference with Rad51. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2013;85:1119-26 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings suggest that the cell-killing efficacy of (212)Pb-TCMC-trastuzumab after gemcitabine pretreatment may be associated with abrogation of the G2/M checkpoint, inhibition of DNA damage repair, and chromatin remodeling. ..
  7. Dadachova E, Chappell L, Brechbiel M. Spectrophotometric method for determination of bifunctional macrocyclic ligands in macrocyclic ligand-protein conjugates. Nucl Med Biol. 1999;26:977-82 pubmed
    ..The method is rapid, simple and may be customized for other polyazacarboxylate macrocyclic ligands...
  8. Vaaramaa K, Solatie D, Aro L. Distribution of 210Pb and 210Po concentrations in wild berries and mushrooms in boreal forest ecosystems. Sci Total Environ. 2009;408:84-91 pubmed publisher
    ..210Po and 210Pb dominate the radiation doses received via ingestion of wild berries and mushrooms in northern Finland, while in southern Finland the ingested dose is dominated by 137Cs from the Chernobyl fallout...
  9. Tan Z, Chen P, Schneider N, Glover S, Cui L, Torgue J, et al. Significant systemic therapeutic effects of high-LET immunoradiation by 212Pb-trastuzumab against prostatic tumors of androgen-independent human prostate cancer in mice. Int J Oncol. 2012;40:1881-8 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings suggest that a systemic delivery of 212Pb-trastuzumab could be an effective modality for management of advanced human prostate cancer...

More Information

Publications110 found, 100 shown here

  1. Avadhani D, Mahesh H, Karunakara N, Narayana Y, Somashekarappa H, Siddappa K. Dietary intake of 210Po and 210Pb in the environment of Goa of south-west Coast of India. Health Phys. 2001;81:438-45 pubmed
    ..1 microSv, 10.5 microSv, and 2.2 microSv and that of 210Pb found to be 81.6 microSv, 59.9 microSv, 14.6 microSv, and 2.0 microSv for the ingestion of non-vegetarian meal, vegetarian meal, breakfast, and potable water, respectively. ..
  2. Khater A, Bakr W. Technologically enhanced 210Pb and 210Po in iron and steel industry. J Environ Radioact. 2011;102:527-30 pubmed publisher
  3. Al Masri M, Haddad K. NORM emissions from heavy oil and natural gas fired power plants in Syria. J Environ Radioact. 2012;104:71-4 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the present study showed that (210)Po and (210)Pb emissions from thermal power plants fired by natural gas are much higher than the coal power plants operated in the World. ..
  4. Štrok M, Smodiš B, Mazej D. (210)Bi - from interference to advantage in (210)Pb determination with liquid scintillation counter. Appl Radiat Isot. 2016;109:296-300 pubmed publisher
    ..This allows for substantial reduction of the MDA compared to conventional methods. ..
  5. Rubio L, Linares Rueda A, Duenas C, Fernandez M, Clavero V, Niell F, et al. Sediment accumulation rate and radiological characterisation of the sediment of Palmones River estuary (southern of Spain). J Environ Radioact. 2003;65:267-80 pubmed
  6. Frignani M, Bellucci L. Heavy metals in marine coastal sediments: assessing sources, fluxes, history and trends. Ann Chim. 2004;94:479-86 pubmed
    ..In particular, some of the findings achieved in studying the Venice Lagoon are discussed from the point of view of anthropogenic changes both in sediment composition and contaminant fluxes. ..
  7. Yamamoto M, Sakaguchi A, Sasaki K, Hirose K, Igarashi Y, Kim C. Seasonal and spatial variation of atmospheric 210Pb and 7Be deposition: features of the Japan Sea side of Japan. J Environ Radioact. 2006;86:110-31 pubmed
  8. Yan B, Abrajano T, Bopp R, Chaky D, Benedict L, Chillrud S. Molecular tracers of saturated and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon inputs into Central Park Lake, New York City. Environ Sci Technol. 2005;39:7012-9 pubmed
    ..Petroleum use began around the 1920s and has dominated since the 1940s. ..
  9. Guo Z, Lin T, Zhang G, Zheng M, Zhang Z, Hao Y, et al. The sedimentary fluxes of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the Yangtze River Estuary coastal sea for the past century. Sci Total Environ. 2007;386:33-41 pubmed
    ..PAHs in the study area were dominated by pyrolytic sources. ..
  10. Khan M, Wesley S. Radionuclides in resident and migratory fishes of a wedge bank region: Estimation of dose to human beings, South India. Mar Pollut Bull. 2012;64:2224-32 pubmed publisher
    ..The dose due to (137)Cs was negligibly small while those due to (210)Po and (210)Pb varied from 1.2 to 36.9 and 0.2 to 2.9?Sv yr(-1), respectively. ..
  11. Doering C, Akber R, Heijnis H. Vertical distributions of 210Pb excess, 7Be and 137Cs in selected grass covered soils in Southeast Queensland, Australia. J Environ Radioact. 2006;87:135-47 pubmed
    ..5 +/- 0.4 mBqm(-2) s(-1)), tending to suggest that Southeast Queensland is neither a net source nor a net sink of (210)Pb-bearing aerosols. ..
  12. Ruberu S, Liu Y, Perera S. Occurrence and distribution of 210Pb and 210Po in selected California groundwater wells. Health Phys. 2007;92:432-41 pubmed
    ..Activities of Pb measured from wells two years apart clearly demonstrated the continuous flux of groundwater within aquifers. ..
  13. Li C, Cornett J, Lam J, Willie S, Kramer G. Total filterable mercury and 210Pb in the Canadian Arctic air. J Environ Monit. 2009;11:1460-1 pubmed publisher
    ..7 degrees N, 95.0 degrees W), a Canadian high Arctic site, during July 1999 and June 2000. The measurements showed a clear time lag of two months between the peak concentrations of TFM and (210)Pb. ..
  14. Schayer S, Qu Q, Wang Y, Cohen B. 210Pb: a predictive biomarker of retrospective cigarette smoke exposure. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2010;19:338-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on this half-time estimate and the regression results, urinary 210Pb can be used to assess the probability of having smoked in the past months. ..
  15. Leonardo L, Mazzilli B, Damatto S, Saiki M, Barros de Oliveira S. Assessment of atmospheric pollution in the vicinity of a tin and lead industry using lichen species Canoparmelia texana. J Environ Radioact. 2011;102:906-10 pubmed publisher
  16. Yu K, Mao S. Assessment of radionuclide contents in food in Hong Kong. Health Phys. 1999;77:686-96 pubmed
    ..The contributions from these two artificial radionuclides were less than those from the natural radionuclides by a factor of more than 100 and were also below the 1 mSv limit set in the new ICRP recommendations. ..
  17. Ruiz Fernández A, Hillaire Marcel C, Ghaleb B, Soto Jimenez M, Paez Osuna F. Recent sedimentary history of anthropogenic impacts on the Culiacan River Estuary, northwestern Mexico: geochemical evidence from organic matter and nutrients. Environ Pollut. 2002;118:365-77 pubmed
    ..C/N ratios, delta13C and delta15N suggested that nutrient enrichment is mostly influenced by sewage delivered through Culiacan River. ..
  18. Di Gregorio D, Fernández Niello J, Huck H, Somacal H, Curutchet G. 210Pb dating of sediments in a heavily contaminated drainage channel to the La Plata estuary in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Appl Radiat Isot. 2007;65:126-30 pubmed
    ..The (137)Cs measurements demonstrate that cesium dating is not adequate in regions of the southern hemisphere. ..
  19. Daga R, Ribeiro Guevara S, Sánchez M, Arribere M. Source identification of volcanic ashes by geochemical analysis of well preserved lacustrine tephras in Nahuel Huapi National Park. Appl Radiat Isot. 2008;66:1325-36 pubmed publisher
    ..These results set up the base for tephrochronological applications in historical periods in Nahuel Huapi National Park area. ..
  20. Abe T, Kosako T, Komura K. Relationship between variations of (7)Be, (210)Pb and (212)Pb concentrations and sub-regional atmospheric transport: Simultaneous observation at distant locations. J Environ Radioact. 2010;101:113-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Results of this study provide experimental proof that (212)Pb can be used as a tracer of sub-regional atmospheric transport. ..
  21. Díaz Asencio M, Corcho Alvarado J, Cartas Aguila H, Pulido Caraballé A, Betancourt C, Smoak J, et al. 210Pb and 137Cs as tracers of recent sedimentary processes in two water reservoirs in Cuba. J Environ Radioact. 2017;177:290-304 pubmed publisher
    ..The model identified areas where the catchment component was higher, zones with higher erosion in the catchment, and sites where the fallout component was quantitatively recorded in the sediments. ..
  22. Al Masri M, Al Akel B, Nashawani A, Amin Y, Khalifa K, Al Ain F. Transfer of (40)K, (238)U, (210)Pb, and (210)Po from soil to plant in various locations in south of Syria. J Environ Radioact. 2008;99:322-31 pubmed
    ..In addition, several parameters affecting transfer factors of the radionuclides were evaluated. The results can be considered as base values for TF of natural radionuclides in the region. ..
  23. Yazici K, Ertuğral B, Damla N, Apaydin G. Radioactive contamination in lichens collected from Trabzon and Rize in the Eastern Black Sea Region, Turkey, and a comparison with that of 1995. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2008;80:475-9 pubmed publisher
    ..062 y) have not been detected. All data was obtained with a coaxial high purity Ge detector of 15% relative efficiency and resolution 1.9 keV at the 1332 keV gamma of 60Co (Canberra, GC 1519 model). ..
  24. Khan M, Godwin Wesley S. Assessment of health safety from ingestion of natural radionuclides in seafoods from a tropical coast, India. Mar Pollut Bull. 2011;62:399-404 pubmed publisher
    ..62 × 10?³ and it was 4.03 × 10?? - 1.96 × 10?? due to ²¹?Pb. The activity intake, effective dose and cancer risk was found lesser than international guidelines and the seafood intake was considered to be safe for human consumption...
  25. Johannessen S, Macdonald R. There is no 1954 in that core! Interpreting sedimentation rates and contaminant trends in marine sediment cores. Mar Pollut Bull. 2012;64:675-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Numerical models that incorporate sedimentation and mixing rates (determined using (210)Pb and other transient signals with known deposition histories) can provide the basis to propose plausible histories for contaminant fluxes. ..
  26. Parsa B, Obed R, Nemeth W, Suozzo G. Concurrent determination of 224Ra, 226Ra, 228Ra, and unsupported 212Pb in a single analysis for drinking water and wastewater: dissolved and suspended fractions. Health Phys. 2004;86:145-9 pubmed
    ..This method simplifies the analytical procedures and reduces the labor while achieving the precision, accuracy, and minimum detection concentration requirements of EPA's Regulations. ..
  27. El Mamoney M, Khater A. Environmental characterization and radio-ecological impacts of non-nuclear industries on the Red Sea coast. J Environ Radioact. 2004;73:151-68 pubmed
    ..These activities may contribute a high flux of 226Ra. The concentration and distribution pattern of 226Ra in sediment can be used to trace the radiological impact of the non-nuclear industries on the Red Sea coast. ..
  28. Khan M, Wesley S. Bioaccumulation of 210Po and 210Pb in cephalopods collected from Kudankulam (Southeastern coast of Gulf of Mannar, India) and assessment of dose in human beings. Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2011;147:457-66 pubmed publisher
    ..3 to 376.6 µSv y(-1) and that of (210)Pb ranged from 35.2 to 105.7 µSv y(-1), respectively. The data generated will act as a reference database for these organisms of this coast in which a nuclear power station is under construction. ..
  29. Angelidis M, Radakovitch O, Veron A, Aloupi M, Heussner S, Price B. Anthropogenic metal contamination and sapropel imprints in deep Mediterranean sediments. Mar Pollut Bull. 2011;62:1041-52 pubmed publisher
    ..In the deeper section of both cores, Al normalized trace metal profiles suggest diagenetic remobilization of Fe, Mn, Cu and, to a lesser extent, Pb that likely corresponds to sapropel event S1. ..
  30. Xu B, Yang X, Gu Z, Zhang Y, Chen Y, Lv Y. The trend and extent of heavy metal accumulation over last one hundred years in the Liaodong Bay, China. Chemosphere. 2009;75:442-6 pubmed publisher
    ..5, respectively, in the surface sediments. Coincident to the increase of heavy metal contents, the decreasing trend of (206)Pb/(207)Pb ratio indicated lead in the surface sediments mainly come from anthropogenic activities. ..
  31. Metian M, Warnau M, Oberhansli F, Bustamante P. Delineation of Pb contamination pathways in two Pectinidae: the variegated scallop Chlamys varia and the king scallop Pecten maximus. Sci Total Environ. 2009;407:3503-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In scallop tissues, Pb was predominantly associated with the insoluble subcellular fraction, suggesting a low bioavailability of Pb for scallop consumers. ..
  32. Khan M, Wesley S. Tissue distribution of 210Po and 210Pb in select marine species of the coast of Kudankulam, southern coast of Gulf of Mannar, India. Environ Monit Assess. 2011;175:623-32 pubmed publisher
    ..The data generated will act as a reference database for these organisms of this coast in which a nuclear power station is under construction. ..
  33. Bourcier L, Masson O, Laj P, Pichon J, Paulat P, Freney E, et al. Comparative trends and seasonal variation of ?Be, ²¹?Pb and ¹³?Cs at two altitude sites in the central part of France. J Environ Radioact. 2011;102:294-301 pubmed publisher
    ..The sources and mixing of ²¹?Pb, however, seem to be more complex than it appeared to be in previous modelling studies. ..
  34. Hassfjell S. A 212Pb generator based on a 228Th source. Appl Radiat Isot. 2001;55:433-9 pubmed
    ..Tracer studies show that the decay product 212Pb can be recovered with approximately 70% yield. It is suggested that this generator design could accommodate therapeutic levels of 212Pb/228Th. ..
  35. Johannessen S, Macdonald R, Eek K. Historical trends in mercury sedimentation and mixing in the Strait of Georgia, Canada. Environ Sci Technol. 2005;39:4361-8 pubmed
  36. Machado W, Luiz Silva W, Sanders C, Patchineelam S. Coupled anthropogenic anomalies of radionuclides and major elements in estuarine sediments. J Environ Radioact. 2008;99:1329-34 pubmed publisher
  37. Wang W. Validation of the integrity of a HEPA filter system. Health Phys. 2003;85:S101-7 pubmed
    ..Based on the experimental results, this delayed sampling method proved to be an easy and effective way to validate the integrity of the HEPA filter. ..
  38. Shotyk W, Chen B, Krachler M. Lithogenic, oceanic and anthropogenic sources of atmospheric Sb to a maritime blanket bog, Myrarnar, Faroe Islands. J Environ Monit. 2005;7:1148-54 pubmed
  39. Olid C, Garcia Orellana J, Martinez Cortizas A, Masqué P, Peiteado E, Sanchez Cabeza J. Role of surface vegetation in 210Pb-dating of peat cores. Environ Sci Technol. 2008;42:8858-64 pubmed
  40. Silva C, Amaral R, Tabosa J, Santos Júnior J, Menezes R, Farias E, et al. 210Pb in forage consumed by dairy cows. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2009;83:943-6 pubmed publisher
  41. Lu X. Application of the Weibull extrapolation to 137Cs geochronology in Tokyo Bay and Ise Bay, Japan. J Environ Radioact. 2004;73:169-81 pubmed
    ..Corresponding dating results for cores in Tokyo Bay and Ise Bay, Japan, by means of this new method, are in much closer agreement with those calculated from 210Pb method than the previous method. ..
  42. Inoue M, Tanimizu M. Anthropogenic lead inputs to the western Pacific during the 20th century. Sci Total Environ. 2008;406:123-30 pubmed publisher
  43. Choudhary P, Routh J, Chakrapani G. An environmental record of changes in sedimentary organic matter from Lake Sattal in Kumaun Himalayas, India. Sci Total Environ. 2009;407:2783-95 pubmed publisher
    ..The deeper sediments are affected by post-diagenetic changes causing an increase in delta13C (and possibly delta15N) due to mineralization of organic C and N. ..
  44. Connan O, Boust D, Billon G, Solier L, Rozet M, Bouderbala S. Solid partitioning and solid-liquid distribution of 210Po and 210Pb in marine anoxic sediments: roads of Cherbourg at the northwestern France. J Environ Radioact. 2009;100:905-13 pubmed publisher
    ..This work provides information on solid and liquid distribution of (210)Po and (210)Pb in marine sediment. These data are very scarce in the literature. ..
  45. Boisson F, Cotret O, Fowler S. Bioaccumulation and retention of lead in the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis following uptake from seawater. Sci Total Environ. 1998;222:55-61 pubmed
  46. Godoy J, Carvalho F, Cordilha A, Matta L, Godoy M. (210)Pb content in natural gas pipeline residues ("black-powder") and its correlation with the chemical composition. J Environ Radioact. 2005;83:101-11 pubmed
    ..On the other hand, (226)Ra concentration is higher on the pipeline branch between the platform and the onshore installations. (228)Ra was only observed in few samples, in particular, in the samples with the highest (226)Ra content. ..
  47. Krümmel E, Gregory Eaves I, Macdonald R, Kimpe L, Demers M, Smol J, et al. Concentrations and fluxes of salmon-derived polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in lake sediments. Environ Sci Technol. 2005;39:7020-6 pubmed
    ..Unlike temperate Great Lakes contaminant studies, the North American west-coast lakes dominated by salmon bio-transport showed no sign of recent decrease in PCBs. ..
  48. Doyle J, White P, Blais J. A pilot study to assess the feasibility of using naturally-occurring radionuclides as mass balance tracers to estimate soil ingestion. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2012;83:34-40 pubmed publisher
  49. Al Masri M, Mamish S, Budier Y. Radionuclides and trace metals in eastern Mediterranean Sea algae. J Environ Radioact. 2003;67:157-68 pubmed
    ..Moreover, the red alga species were found to contain the highest levels of Mg while the brown alga species were found to concentrate Fe, Mn, Na and K and nonmetals such as Cl, I and Br...
  50. Theng T, Mohamed C. Activities of 210Po and 210Pb in the water column at Kuala Selangor, Malaysia. J Environ Radioact. 2005;80:273-86 pubmed
  51. Henricsson F, Ranebo Y, Holm E, Roos P. Aspects on the analysis of 210Po. J Environ Radioact. 2011;102:415-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The losses from Ag are less than that from the other metals probably due to a deeper penetration into the surface of Po. We conclude that in most aspects, Ag is better to use than the other plating metals...
  52. Musthafa M, Krishnamoorthy R. Estimation of ²¹?Po and ²¹?Pb and its dose to human beings due to consumption of marine species of Ennore Creek, South India. Environ Monit Assess. 2012;184:6253-60 pubmed publisher
    ..The committed effective dose for human beings was found at 81.13-216.8 and 2.1-297.2 ?Sv year(-1) for (210)Po and (210)Pb, respectively...
  53. Olley J, Brooks A, Spencer J, Pietsch T, Borombovits D. Subsoil erosion dominates the supply of fine sediment to rivers draining into Princess Charlotte Bay, Australia. J Environ Radioact. 2013;124:121-9 pubmed publisher
  54. Shotyk W, Weiss D, Heisterkamp M, Cheburkin A, Appleby P, Adams F. New peat bog record of atmospheric lead pollution in Switzerland: Pb concentrations, enrichment factors, isotopic composition, and organolead species. Environ Sci Technol. 2002;36:3893-900 pubmed
    ..In fact the decline in anthropogenic Pb was probably in response to the introduction of legislation, first in Germany and later in the European Union, establishing a maximum allowable concentration of Pb in gasoline...
  55. Johnston P, Hult M, Gasparro J, Martínez Canet M, Vasselli R, McKenzie R, et al. The distribution of 210Pb in human bone and its impact on methods for the retrospective estimation of 222Rn exposure from in vivo measurements. J Environ Radioact. 2005;80:245-57 pubmed
    ..Additionally for 2 of the individuals trabecular and cortical bone were separated and massic activities were found to be strongly correlated indicating that the (210)Pb is associated with the hydroxyapatite...
  56. Porstendörfer J, Pagelkopf P, Gründel M. Fraction of the positive 218Po and 214Pb clusters in indoor air. Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2005;113:342-51 pubmed
    ..For a typical average concentration of radon (50 Bq m(-3)) and thoron (10 Bq m(-3)) in homes, 48% of 218Po clusters and 45% of 214Pb clusters are positively charged...
  57. Magar V, Brenner R, Johnson G, Quensen J. Long-term recovery of PCB-contaminated sediments at the Lake Hartwell superfund site: PCB dechlorination. 2. Rates and extent. Environ Sci Technol. 2005;39:3548-54 pubmed
    ..Lawrence River sediments, suggesting that dechlorination rates reported for laboratory experiments are much higher than those occurring in situ...
  58. Narayana Y, Shetty P, Siddappa K. Behavior of 210Po and 210Pb in high background areas of coastal Kerala on the south west coast of India. Appl Radiat Isot. 2006;64:396-401 pubmed
    ..The activity concentration of (210)Po and (210)Pb in surface beach sand shows good correlation, with a correlation coefficient 0.81...
  59. Likuku A, Branford D, Fowler D, Weston K. Inventories of fallout 210Pb and 137Cs radionuclides in moorland and woodland soils around Edinburgh urban area (UK). J Environ Radioact. 2006;90:37-47 pubmed
    ..Results of this study suggest that these processes affect both (210)Pb and (137)Cs carrier aerosols in a similar way...
  60. Pozo K, Urrutia R, Barra R, Mariottini M, Treutler H, Araneda A, et al. Records of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in sediments of four remote Chilean Andean Lakes. Chemosphere. 2007;66:1911-21 pubmed
    ..The continuing increase of PCB inputs in remote Chilean lakes, could be associated with long range atmospheric transport (LRAT)...
  61. Parsons M, Long D, Yohn S, Giesy J. Spatial and temporal trends of mercury loadings to Michigan inland lakes. Environ Sci Technol. 2007;41:5634-40 pubmed
    ..Local sources and pathways for mercury to inland lakes need to be more fully understood to effectively reduce Hg loading to the environment...
  62. McCarty G, Pachepsky Y, Ritchie J. Impact of sedimentation on wetland carbon sequestration in an agricultural watershed. J Environ Qual. 2009;38:804-13 pubmed publisher
    ..They also indicate that over the history of the wetland, rates of C accretion may be linked to mineral soil deposition...
  63. Huang Y, Tao Y, Lin J, Shang Guan Z. Annual cycle of gross beta activities in aerosol around Daya Bay area, China. Chemosphere. 2009;75:929-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, the correlation between gross beta activities and (210)Pb concentrations is analyzed. It is indicated that the radionuclide (210)Pb contributes about 61+/-9% to the gross beta activities in the aerosol...
  64. Ruiz Fernández A, Hillaire Marcel C. 210Pb-derived ages for the reconstruction of terrestrial contaminant history into the Mexican Pacific coast: potential and limitations. Mar Pollut Bull. 2009;59:134-45 pubmed publisher
  65. Khan M, Wesley S. Radionuclide monitoring in molluscs inhabiting intertidal region near a nuclear installation, Gulf of Mannar, India. Mar Pollut Bull. 2012;64:436-44 pubmed publisher
    ..The hazard quotient for molluscs was lesser than the global bench mark dose rate of 10 ?Gyh(-1)...
  66. Matisoff G, Bonniwell E, Whiting P. Radionuclides as indicators of sediment transport in agricultural watersheds that drain to Lake Erie. J Environ Qual. 2002;31:62-72 pubmed
    ..The transport distances are long relative to the lengths of the stream channel and indicate that erosion control methods implemented in the watershed should be reflected quickly in downstream waters...
  67. Strezov A, Nonova T. Comparative analysis of heavy metal and radionuclide contaminants in Black Sea green and red macroalgae. Water Sci Technol. 2005;51:1-8 pubmed
    ..All data show the lack of serious pollution along the Bulgarian Black Sea coast...
  68. Casacuberta N, Masqué P, Garcia Orellana J, Bruach J, Anguita M, Gasa J, et al. Radioactivity contents in dicalcium phosphate and the potential radiological risk to human populations. J Hazard Mater. 2009;170:814-23 pubmed publisher
    ..While these results suggest that human health risks are small, additional testing should be conducted...
  69. Baldacci A, Gattavecchia E, Kirchner G. Observations and modelling of thoron and its progeny in the soil-atmosphere-plant system. J Environ Radioact. 2010;101:992-1001 pubmed publisher
    ..Results of this model show close agreement with our observations...
  70. Uğur A, Ozden B, Filizok I. Spatial and temporal variability of ²¹?Po and ²¹?Pb in mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) at the Turkish coast of the Aegean Sea. Chemosphere. 2011;83:1102-7 pubmed publisher
    ..0. The inter-site differences seen in ²¹?Po concentrations can be due to both the natural background levels of sites and industrial activities...
  71. Lozano J, Blanco Rodríguez P, Vera Tome F, Leal Cidoncha E. Improvement of a method for the sequential determination of 210Pb, 226Ra, and uranium isotopes by LSC and alpha-particle spectrometry. Appl Radiat Isot. 2012;70:609-11 pubmed publisher
    ..A modification of the procedure is described that overcomes this drawback...
  72. Rose N, Jones V, Noon P, Hodgson D, Flower R, Appleby P. Long-range transport of pollutants to the Falkland Islands and Antarctica: evidence from lake sediment fly ash particle records. Environ Sci Technol. 2012;46:9881-9 pubmed publisher
  73. Pham M, Povinec P, Nies H, Betti M. Dry and wet deposition of 7Be, 210Pb and 137Cs in Monaco air during 1998-2010: seasonal variations of deposition fluxes. J Environ Radioact. 2013;120:45-57 pubmed publisher
    ..Activity ratios of (7)Be/(210)Pb observed in winter and fall were generally higher than during summer and spring...
  74. Atcher R, Friedman A, Hines J. An improved generator for the production of 212Pb and 212Bi from 224Ra. Int J Rad Appl Instrum A. 1988;39:283-6 pubmed
    ..The parent, 224Ra, is available from a long-lived parent and can be isolated on a generator which produces the daughters in good yield and low breakthrough. The 212Bi can be eluted by itself or in equilibrium with its parent...
  75. Godoy J, Amaral E, Godoy M. Natural radionuclides in Brazilian mineral water and consequent doses to the population. J Environ Radioact. 2001;53:175-82 pubmed
    ..Based on the available data, it was also possible to evaluate the per caput effective dose rate and the highest value obtained was 4.3 microSv yr-1 for the northern region...
  76. Matisoff G, Bonniwell E, Whiting P. Soil erosion and sediment sources in an Ohio watershed using beryllium-7, cesium-137, and lead-210. J Environ Qual. 2002;31:54-61 pubmed
  77. Jia G, Torri G. Determination of 210Pb and 210Po in soil or rock samples containing refractory matrices. Appl Radiat Isot. 2007;65:1-8 pubmed
    ..75 Bqkg(-1) for (210)Po and 2.2 Bqkg(-1) for (210)Pb. A variety of solid sample species analysed through use of the procedure gave average yields of 90.0+/-9.8% for (210)Po and 88.4+/-7.1% for (210)Pb...
  78. Cooke C, Hobbs W, Michelutti N, Wolfe A. Reliance on (210)Pb chronology can compromise the inference of preindustrial Hg flux to lake sediments. Environ Sci Technol. 2010;44:1998-2003 pubmed publisher
    ..The incorporation of (14)C dates may therefore be necessary if accurate Hg flux histories are sought from oligotrophic lake sediments...
  79. Desideri D, Meli M, Roselli C. Natural and artificial radioactivity determination of some medicinal plants. J Environ Radioact. 2010;101:751-6 pubmed publisher
    ..0 Bq kg(dry)(-1); (137)Cs between <0.3 and 10.7 Bq kg(dry)(-1). The percentage of (210)Po extraction in infusion and decoction was also determined; the arithmetical mean value of percentage of (210)Po extraction resulted 20.7+/-7.5...
  80. Bindler R. Contaminated lead environments of man: reviewing the lead isotopic evidence in sediments, peat, and soils for the temporal and spatial patterns of atmospheric lead pollution in Sweden. Environ Geochem Health. 2011;33:311-29 pubmed publisher
  81. Muri G, Cermelj B, Faganeli J, Brancelj A. Black carbon in Slovenian alpine lacustrine sediments. Chemosphere. 2002;46:1225-34 pubmed
    ..In the last decades of 20th century the BC contents decreased probably due to reduced emission of pollutants...
  82. Vecchi R, Marcazzan G, Valli G. Seasonal variation of 210Pb activity concentration in outdoor air of Milan (Italy). J Environ Radioact. 2005;82:251-66 pubmed
    ..The activity ratio 210Pb/214Pb was used to evaluate the residence time of fine aerosols in the urban air of Milan, which was 1-2 days...
  83. Peng X, Wang Z, Yu Y, Tang C, Lu H, Xu S, et al. Temporal trends of hydrocarbons in sediment cores from the Pearl River Estuary and the northern South China Sea. Environ Pollut. 2008;156:442-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The accumulation rates of pyrogenic PAHs have significantly increased, whereas UCM accumulation has slightly declined in the NSCS in the recent three decades...
  84. Krmar M, Radnovic D, Mihailović D, Lalić B, Slivka J, Bikit I. Temporal variations of 7Be, 210Pb and 137Cs in moss samples over 14 month period. Appl Radiat Isot. 2009;67:1139-47 pubmed publisher
    ..Precipitation amount and duration of precipitation are measured and their possible influence on activity concentrations measured in moss samples was considered...
  85. Camacho A, Valles I, Vargas A, Gonzalez Perosanz M, Ortega X. Activity size distributions for long-lived radon decay products in aerosols collected in Barcelona (Spain). Appl Radiat Isot. 2009;67:872-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The temporal evolution of (210)Pb and (210)Po AMADs shows maxima in autumn and winter and minima in spring and summer. (210)Pb AMAD are being used to estimate the mean-residence time of atmospheric aerosols...
  86. Benmansour M, Mabit L, Nouira A, Moussadek R, Bouksirate H, Duchemin M, et al. Assessment of soil erosion and deposition rates in a Moroccan agricultural field using fallout 137Cs and 210Pbex. J Environ Radioact. 2013;115:97-106 pubmed publisher
  87. Jia G, Torri G, Centioli D, Magro L. A radiological survey and the impact of the elevated concentrations of (210)Pb and (210)Po released from the iron- and steel-making plant ILVA Taranto (Italy) on the environment and the public. Environ Sci Process Impacts. 2013;15:677-89 pubmed
    ..5-69.0% was the contribution of 210Pb. No specific interventions should be required, as far as only inhalation of 210Po and 210Pb are concerned...
  88. Contreras M, Gázquez M, García Díaz I, Alguacil F, Lopez F, Bolívar J. Valorisation of waste ilmenite mud in the manufacture of sulphur polymer cement. J Environ Manage. 2013;128:625-30 pubmed publisher
    ..The activity concentration indices for the different radionuclides in the IMC-SPCs containing 10% and 20% ilmenite mud met the demands of international standards for materials used in the construction of non-residential buildings...
  89. Begy R, Preoteasa L, Timar Gabor A, Mihăiescu R, Tănăselia C, Kelemen S, et al. Sediment dynamics and heavy metal pollution history of the Cruhlig Lake (Danube Delta, Romania). J Environ Radioact. 2016;153:167-175 pubmed publisher
    ..Values of As show increasing of up to 150% in 2006 ± 2 y throughout the whole surface of the lake. ..
  90. Rabinowitz M. Historical perspective on lead biokinetic models. Environ Health Perspect. 1998;106 Suppl 6:1461-5 pubmed
    ..During the 1980s more elaborate models were developed. One of their key goals was the establishment of the dose-response relationship between exposure to lead and biologic precursors of adverse health effects...
  91. Heldal H, Varskog P, Føyn L. Distribution of selected anthropogenic radionuclides (137Cs, 238Pu, (239,240)Pu and 241Am) in marine sediments with emphasis on the Spitsbergen-Bear Island area. Sci Total Environ. 2002;293:233-45 pubmed
    ..28, 0.05 and 0.26 cm year(-1) were calculated at locations south of Spitsbergen, near the Greenland ice-edge and in the deep Norwegian Sea, respectively...
  92. Hughes L, Powell B, Soreefan A, Falta D, Devol T. Anomalously high levels of uranium and other naturally occurring radionuclides in private wells in the piedmont region of South Carolina. Health Phys. 2005;88:248-52 pubmed
    ..8 mBq L(-1) and the 222Rn levels ranged from 62 to 1,510 Bq L(-1). The 210Pb concentrations ranged from < MDC to 844 mBq L(-1)...