cesium radioisotopes

Summary

Summary: Unstable isotopes of cesium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cs atoms with atomic weights of 123, 125-132, and 134-145 are radioactive cesium isotopes.

Top Publications

  1. Putyatin Y, Seraya T, Petrykevich O, Howard B. Comparison of the accumulation of (137)Cs and (90)Sr by six spring wheat varieties. Radiat Environ Biophys. 2006;44:289-98 pubmed
  2. Yoshihara T, Matsumura H, Hashida S, Nagaoka T. Radiocesium contaminations of 20 wood species and the corresponding gamma-ray dose rates around the canopies at 5 months after the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident. J Environ Radioact. 2013;115:60-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This may be due to differences in the balance between the attenuation resulting from a shielding effect of the plant bodies and the higher radiocesium accumulation in the leaves...
  3. Fukuda T, Kino Y, Abe Y, Yamashiro H, Kuwahara Y, Nihei H, et al. Distribution of artificial radionuclides in abandoned cattle in the evacuation zone of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e54312 pubmed publisher
    ..This study is the first to reveal the detailed systemic distribution of radionuclides in cattle attributed to the FNPP accident...
  4. Kim C, Byun J, Chae J, Choi H, Choi S, Kim D, et al. Radiological impact in Korea following the Fukushima nuclear accident. J Environ Radioact. 2012;111:70-82 pubmed publisher
    ..These radionuclides were also detected in dry and wet deposition samples, while the significant increase of (131)I, (134)Cs and (137)Cs activity concentrations were not observed in seawater and marine biota samples...
  5. Kato H, Onda Y, Teramage M. Depth distribution of 137Cs, 134Cs, and 131I in soil profile after Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident. J Environ Radioact. 2012;111:59-64 pubmed publisher
    ..However, further analysis is required to clarify the effect of clay content on the initial penetration depth of deposited (137)Cs in soil profile...
  6. Tagami K, Uchida S, Ishii N, Kagiya S. Translocation of radiocesium from stems and leaves of plants and the effect on radiocesium concentrations in newly emerged plant tissues. J Environ Radioact. 2012;111:65-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The type of the plant and presence of old leaves at the time of the heavy deposition period affected the radiocesium concentrations in newly emerged tissues...
  7. Inoue M, Kofuji H, Hamajima Y, Nagao S, Yoshida K, Yamamoto M. 134Cs and 137Cs activities in coastal seawater along Northern Sanriku and Tsugaru Strait, northeastern Japan, after Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. J Environ Radioact. 2012;111:116-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These results can be plausibly explained by surface infusion of these isotopes into the sea by atmospheric transport from Fukushima and their subsequent reduction by water migration to off-shore and deeper regions...
  8. Buesseler K, Jayne S, Fisher N, Rypina I, Baumann H, Baumann Z, et al. Fukushima-derived radionuclides in the ocean and biota off Japan. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:5984-8 pubmed publisher
  9. Higaki T, Higaki S, Hirota M, Akita K, Hasezawa S. Radionuclide analysis on bamboos following the Fukushima nuclear accident. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e34766 pubmed publisher
    ..5 Bq/kg DW. In the radiocesium contaminated samples, the radiocesium activity was higher in mature and fallen leaves than in young leaves, branches and culms...

More Information

Publications61

  1. Bernhardsson C, Zvonova I, Rääf C, Mattsson S. Measurements of long-term external and internal radiation exposure of inhabitants of some villages of the Bryansk region of Russia after the Chernobyl accident. Sci Total Environ. 2011;409:4811-7 pubmed publisher
    ..These variations and differences are presented and discussed in this paper...
  2. Hashimoto S, Ugawa S, Nanko K, Shichi K. The total amounts of radioactively contaminated materials in forests in Fukushima, Japan. Sci Rep. 2012;2:416 pubmed publisher
  3. Shimura H, Itoh K, Sugiyama A, Ichijo S, Ichijo M, Furuya F, et al. Absorption of radionuclides from the Fukushima nuclear accident by a novel algal strain. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e44200 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results demonstrate that Binos could be applied to the decontamination of iodine, strontium and cesium radioisotopes, which are most commonly encountered after nuclear reactor accidents.
  4. Povinec P, Holý K, Chudy M, Sivo A, Sykora I, Ješkovský M, et al. Long-term variations of 14C and 137Cs in the Bratislava air--implications of different atmospheric transport processes. J Environ Radioact. 2012;108:33-40 pubmed publisher
    ..A correlation was found between the (137)Cs activity concentration and the dust level in the air (the correlation coefficient r = 0.74), as well as an anticorrelation with the temperature (r = -0.56)...
  5. Hamada N, Ogino H. Food safety regulations: what we learned from the Fukushima nuclear accident. J Environ Radioact. 2012;111:83-99 pubmed publisher
    ..This paper focuses on the logic behind such food safety regulations, and discusses its underlying issues. The outlines of the food monitoring results for 24,685 samples and the enforced restrictions will also be described...
  6. Bolsunovsky A, Dementyev D. Evidence of the radioactive fallout in the center of Asia (Russia) following the Fukushima Nuclear Accident. J Environ Radioact. 2011;102:1062-4 pubmed publisher
  7. Masson O, Baeza A, Bieringer J, Brudecki K, Bucci S, Cappai M, et al. Tracking of airborne radionuclides from the damaged Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear reactors by European networks. Environ Sci Technol. 2011;45:7670-7 pubmed publisher
    ..A rough estimate of the total (131)I inventory that has passed over Europe during this period was <1% of the released amount. According to the measurements, airborne activity levels remain of no concern for public health in Europe...
  8. Tagami K, Uchida S, Uchihori Y, Ishii N, Kitamura H, Shirakawa Y. Specific activity and activity ratios of radionuclides in soil collected about 20 km from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant: Radionuclide release to the south and southwest. Sci Total Environ. 2011;409:4885-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The average activity ratios of (131)I/(137)Cs, (134)Cs/(137)Cs, (136)Cs/(137)Cs and (129m)Te/(137)Cs were 55, 0.90, 0.22 and 4.0 (corrected to March 11, 2011) in the 0-2cm soil samples of April 20 and 28, 2011...
  9. Tsumune D, Tsubono T, Aoyama M, Hirose K. Distribution of oceanic 137Cs from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant simulated numerically by a regional ocean model. J Environ Radioact. 2012;111:100-8 pubmed publisher
  10. Kinoshita N, Sueki K, Sasa K, Kitagawa J, Ikarashi S, Nishimura T, et al. Assessment of individual radionuclide distributions from the Fukushima nuclear accident covering central-east Japan. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:19526-9 pubmed publisher
  11. Inoue M, Kofuji H, Nagao S, Yamamoto M, Hamajima Y, Yoshida K, et al. Lateral variation of 134Cs and 137Cs concentrations in surface seawater in and around the Japan Sea after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. J Environ Radioact. 2012;109:45-51 pubmed publisher
    ..5mBq/L). These higher concentrations in the northeastern Japan Sea could be ascribed to the atmospheric transport of nuclides from the FDNPP as aerosols and subsequent transport and dilution after delivery to the sea surface...
  12. Madigan D, Baumann Z, Fisher N. Pacific bluefin tuna transport Fukushima-derived radionuclides from Japan to California. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:9483-6 pubmed publisher
    ..These results reveal tools to trace migration origin (using the presence of (134)Cs) and potentially migration timing (using (134)Cs:(137)Cs ratios) in highly migratory marine species in the Pacific Ocean...
  13. Ishii N, Tagami K, Takata H, Fujita K, Kawaguchi I, Watanabe Y, et al. Deposition in Chiba prefecture, Japan, of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant fallout. Health Phys. 2013;104:189-94 pubmed publisher
    ..For the vertical profile of those radionuclides in soil at NIRS, about 94% of the total deposition was distributed in the top 10 mm depth on 26 April 2011...
  14. Yasunari T, Stohl A, Hayano R, Burkhart J, Eckhardt S, Yasunari T. Cesium-137 deposition and contamination of Japanese soils due to the Fukushima nuclear accident. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:19530-4 pubmed publisher
    ..7 and 1.3 PBq, [corrected] respectively.We hope our (137)Cs deposition maps will help to coordinate decontamination efforts and plan regulatory measures in Japan...
  15. Hirose K. 2011 Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident: summary of regional radioactive deposition monitoring results. J Environ Radioact. 2012;111:13-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The temporal change of the Fukushima-derived (137)Cs revealed that the apparent atmospheric residence time of the Fukushima-derived (137)Cs in sites within 300 km from the Fukushima Dai-ichi NPPis about 10 d...
  16. Sperling K, Neitzel H, Scherb H. Evidence for an increase in trisomy 21 (Down syndrome) in Europe after the Chernobyl reactor accident. Genet Epidemiol. 2012;36:48-55 pubmed publisher
  17. Caffrey J, Higley K, Farsoni A, Smith S, Menn S. Development and deployment of an underway radioactive cesium monitor off the Japanese coast near Fukushima Dai-ichi. J Environ Radioact. 2012;111:120-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The concentration of (137)Cs was low but detectable, reaching a peak of 3.8 ± 0.2 Bq/L...
  18. Pittauerova D, Hettwig B, Fischer H. Fukushima fallout in Northwest German environmental media. J Environ Radioact. 2011;102:877-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Expected (136)Cs values fell below the detection limits of the instrumentation, despite large sample masses and long counting times...
  19. Eapen S, Singh S, Thorat V, Kaushik C, Raj K, D Souza S. Phytoremediation of radiostrontium ((90)Sr) and radiocesium ((137)Cs) using giant milky weed (Calotropis gigantea R.Br.) plants. Chemosphere. 2006;65:2071-3 pubmed
    ..The present study suggests that C. gigantea could be used as a potential candidate plant for phytoremediation of (90)Sr and (137)Cs...
  20. Soudek P, Valenová S, Vavríková Z, Vanek T. (137)Cs and (90)Sr uptake by sunflower cultivated under hydroponic conditions. J Environ Radioact. 2006;88:236-50 pubmed
    ..Accumulation of about 22% of initial activity of (90)Sr was determined in plants grown on the medium with 8 mM calcium ions...
  21. Scherb H, Voigt K. Trends in the human sex odds at birth in Europe and the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident. Reprod Toxicol. 2007;23:593-9 pubmed
    ..0145 per mSv/a (1.0021-1.0271, p=0.0218). These findings suggest a possible long-term chronic influence of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident on the human sex odds at birth in several European countries...
  22. Vinichuk M, Johanson K, Rosén K, Nilsson I. Role of the fungal mycelium in the retention of radiocaesium in forest soils. J Environ Radioact. 2005;78:77-92 pubmed
    ..In fruit bodies of mycorrhizal fungi, 68% of the total 137Cs inventory was found to be water soluble at room temperature and 93% at 80 degrees C...
  23. Tsukada H, Hasegawa H, Hisamatsu S, Yamasaki S. Rice uptake and distributions of radioactive 137Cs, stable 133Cs and K from soil. Environ Pollut. 2002;117:403-9 pubmed
    ..Findings suggest that the transfer and distribution of 133Cs, not of K, provide better information on the long-term fate of 137Cs in an agricultural environment...
  24. Zhu Y, Smolders E. Plant uptake of radiocaesium: a review of mechanisms, regulation and application. J Exp Bot. 2000;51:1635-45 pubmed
    ..Phytoremediation may be a possible option to decontaminate radiocaesium-contaminated soils, but its major limitation is that it takes an excessively long time (tens of years) and produces large volumes of waste...
  25. Manolopoulou M, Vagena E, Stoulos S, Ioannidou A, Papastefanou C. Radioiodine and radiocesium in Thessaloniki, Northern Greece due to the Fukushima nuclear accident. J Environ Radioact. 2011;102:796-7 pubmed publisher
  26. Schimmack W, Zimmermann G, Sommer M, Dietl F, Schultz W, Paretzke H. Soil-to-grain transfer of fallout 137Cs for 28 winter wheat cultivars as observed in field experiments. Radiat Environ Biophys. 2004;42:275-84 pubmed
  27. Aoyama M, Hirose K. Artificial radionuclides database in the Pacific Ocean: HAM database. ScientificWorldJournal. 2004;4:200-15 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, these radionuclides can be used to verify the oceanic general circulation models in the time scale of several decades...
  28. Lu J, Huang Y, Li F, Wang L, Li S, Hsia Y. The investigation of 137Cs and 90Sr background radiation levels in soil and plant around Tianwan NPP, China. J Environ Radioact. 2006;90:89-99 pubmed
    ..The soil-to-plant transfer factor (TF) values of (90)Sr and (137)Cs are, respectively, 0.022 and 0.031 for rice, 0.066 and 3.83 for China cabbage, 0.0088 and 0.089 for wheat, and 0.037 and 0.56 for grass...
  29. Singh S, Eapen S, Thorat V, Kaushik C, Raj K, D Souza S. Phytoremediation of 137cesium and 90strontium from solutions and low-level nuclear waste by Vetiveria zizanoides. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2008;69:306-11 pubmed
    ..The results of the present study indicate that V. zizanoides may be a potential candidate plant for phytoremediation of (90)Sr and (137)Cs...
  30. Yoshida S, Watanabe M, Suzuki A. Distribution of radiocesium and stable elements within a pine tree. Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2011;146:326-9 pubmed publisher
    ..A similar distribution was also observed for phosphorus. Distributions of alkaline earth metals and several heavy metals were different from those of alkaline metals...
  31. Schneider K, Kuznetzov V, Sanzharova N, Kanter U, Telikh K, Khlopuk M. Soil-to-plant and soil-to-grain transfer of (137)Cs in field-grown maize hybrids during two contrasting seasons: assessing the phenotypic variability and its genetic component. Radiat Environ Biophys. 2008;47:241-52 pubmed publisher
    ..The findings are discussed with respect to new approaches towards a better understanding of (137)Cs accumulation and its potential reduction in plants...
  32. Kliashtorin A, Tikhomirov F, Shcheglov A. Vertical radionuclide transfer by infiltration water in forest soils in the 30-km Chernobyl accident zone. Sci Total Environ. 1994;157:285-8 pubmed
    ..The regularity of radionuclide migration within the flow has been found to be dependent on the contamination density, the type of radionuclide, and the type of ecosystem and depth...
  33. Taira Y, Hayashida N, Brahmanandhan G, Nagayama Y, Yamashita S, Takahashi J, et al. Current concentration of artificial radionuclides and estimated radiation doses from 137Cs around the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Testing Site, and in Nagasaki. J Radiat Res. 2011;52:88-95 pubmed
  34. Alam M, Miah M, Chowdhury M, Kamal M, Ghose S, Rahman R. Attenuation coefficients of soils and some building materials of Bangladesh in the energy range 276-1332 keV. Appl Radiat Isot. 2001;54:973-6 pubmed
    ..The measured mass attenuation coefficient values were compared with measurements made in other countries for similar kinds of materials. The values are in good agreement with each other in most cases...
  35. Topcuoglu S. Bioaccumulation of cesium-137 by biota in different aquatic environments. Chemosphere. 2001;44:691-5 pubmed
    ..At the same time, the bioaccumulation rate in macroalgae species also showed slight increase at low salinity. On the other hand, the bioaccumulation rate of 137Cs in the fish species in sea water was higher than in brackish water...
  36. Soudek P, Tykva R, Vanek T. Laboratory analyses of 137Cs uptake by sunflower, reed and poplar. Chemosphere. 2004;55:1081-7 pubmed
    ..2%) and in case of ammonium ions for concentration ratio 6 mM NH4Cl : 3 mM NH4NO3 (13.2%). The obtained results make it possible to compare the capability and rate of 137Cs phytoremediation of different plant species...
  37. Smolders E, Tsukada H. The transfer of radiocesium from soil to plants: Mechanisms, data, and perspectives for potential countermeasures in Japan. Integr Environ Assess Manag. 2011;7:379-81 pubmed publisher
    ..This transfer has been studied extensively in Europe following the Chernobyl accident, in Soviet Ukraine in 1986. This article briefly discusses whether that transfer may be different in Japan in the aftermath of the Fukushima accident...
  38. Staunton S, Dumat C, Zsolnay A. Possible role of organic matter in radiocaesium adsorption in soils. J Environ Radioact. 2002;58:163-73 pubmed
    ..We suggest that the nature of the organic matter and its interaction with mineral surfaces are as important as the amount present...
  39. Romanenko A, Kakehashi A, Morimura K, Wanibuchi H, Wei M, Vozianov A, et al. Urinary bladder carcinogenesis induced by chronic exposure to persistent low-dose ionizing radiation after Chernobyl accident. Carcinogenesis. 2009;30:1821-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on the available findings, new strategies have been developed for predicting and treatment of Chernobyl cystitis-a first step in urinary bladder carcinogenesis in humans...
  40. Fesenko S, Soukhova N, Sanzharova N, Avila R, Spiridonov S, Klein D, et al. Identification of processes governing long-term accumulation of 137Cs by forest trees following the Chernobyl accident. Radiat Environ Biophys. 2001;40:105-13 pubmed
  41. Likhtarev I, Kovgan L, Jacob P, Anspaugh L. Chernobyl accident: retrospective and prospective estimates of external dose of the population of Ukraine. Health Phys. 2002;82:290-303 pubmed
    ..A critical group of 22,500 persons who received individual doses of >20 mSv is identified for consideration of increased social and medical attention...
  42. Massas I, Skarlou V, Haidouti C. Plant uptake of 134Cs in relation to soil properties and time. J Environ Radioact. 2002;59:245-55 pubmed
  43. Bandazhevsky Y. Chronic Cs-137 incorporation in children's organs. Swiss Med Wkly. 2003;133:488-90 pubmed
    ..The highest accumulation of Cs-137 was found in the endocrine glands, in particular the thyroid, the adrenals and the pancreas. High levels were also found in the heart, the thymus and the spleen...
  44. Fesenko S, Voigt G, Spiridonov S, Gontarenko I. Decision making framework for application of forest countermeasures in the long term after the Chernobyl accident. J Environ Radioact. 2005;82:143-66 pubmed
    ..The results prove and emphasize the need for a flexible technique to provide the optimised forest countermeasures taking into account radioecological, social and economic features of contaminated forests...
  45. Thornberg C, Vesanen R, Wallstrom E, Zvonova I, Jesko T, Balonov M, et al. External and internal irradiation of a rural Bryansk (Russia) population from 1990 to 2000, following high deposition of radioactive caesium from the Chernobyl accident. Radiat Environ Biophys. 2005;44:97-106 pubmed
    ..The highest E during a life-time received by single individuals living in the area may amount to around 500 mSv considering the individual variations in E...
  46. Hirokawa D, Omori S, Nishimura N, Yoshida K, Wada I, Yamakoshi A. [Survey of Radioactive Cesium and Potassium Intake from Food Using Duplicate Diet (Fiscal Years 2011-2014)]. Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. 2016;57:7-12 pubmed publisher
    ..0 Bq/kg in fiscal 2014. The maximum estimated dose of radioactive cecium was 0.14 mSv/year in fiscal 2011. Radioactive potassium was detected in every meal, and showed little change through the four years (median around 30 Bq/kg). ..
  47. O Steen S, Green D, Gopal A, Orozco J, Kenoyer A, Lin Y, et al. Venetoclax Synergizes with Radiotherapy for Treatment of B-cell Lymphomas. Cancer Res. 2017;77:3885-3893 pubmed publisher
    ..Optimal dosing of PRIT plus venetoclax cured 100% of mice with no detectable toxicity. Venetoclax combined with radiotherapy may be a promising treatment for a wide range of lymphomas Cancer Res; 77(14); 3885-93. ©2017 AACR. ..
  48. Maedera F, Inoue K, Sugino M, Sano R, Furue M, Shimizu H, et al. Natural variation of ambient dose rate in the air of Izu-Oshima Island after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2016;168:561-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The corresponding radioactivity concentrations in those years for (134)Cs were 53, 39 and 29 Bq kg(-1) and for (137)Cs, 87, 73 and 75 Bq kg(-1). All the values have decreased every year. ..
  49. Kuroda K, Kagawa A, Tonosaki M. Radiocesium concentrations in the bark, sapwood and heartwood of three tree species collected at Fukushima forests half a year after the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident. J Environ Radioact. 2013;122:37-42 pubmed publisher
    ..To predict the future dynamics of radiocesium in tree stems, the present results taken half a year after the accident are important, and continuous study of radiocesium in tree stems is necessary...
  50. Miró C, Baeza A, Madruga M, Periañez R. Caesium-137 and strontium-90 temporal series in the Tagus River: experimental results and a modelling study. J Environ Radioact. 2012;113:21-31 pubmed publisher
    ..This kind of model can be a very useful tool to support the decision-making process after an eventual emergency situation...
  51. Shizuma K, Endo S, Fujikawa Y. Isotope ratios of (235)U/(238)U and (137)Cs/(235)U in black rain streaks on plaster wall caused by fallout of the Hiroshima atomic bomb. Health Phys. 2012;102:154-60 pubmed publisher
    ..The ratio (137)Cs/(235)U was determined to be 0.0091, which is about eight times higher than the estimated ratio of 0.00113 based on the fission yield...
  52. Moon E, Ha W, Seo S, Jin Y, Jeong K, Yoon H, et al. Estimates of Radiation Doses and Cancer Risk from Food Intake in Korea. J Korean Med Sci. 2016;31:9-12 pubmed publisher
    ..957-3.710 mSv. Excess lifetime cancer risks are 14.4-18.1, 0.4-0.5, and 1.8-2.3 per 100,000 for all solid cancers combined, thyroid cancer, and leukemia, respectively. ..