carbon disulfide

Summary

Summary: A colorless, flammable, poisonous liquid, CS2. It is used as a solvent, and is a counterirritant and has local anesthetic properties but is not used as such. It is highly toxic with pronounced CNS, hematologic, and dermatologic effects.

Top Publications

  1. Aaserud O, Hommeren O, Tvedt B, Nakstad P, Mowe G, Efskind J, et al. Carbon disulfide exposure and neurotoxic sequelae among viscose rayon workers. Am J Ind Med. 1990;18:25-37 pubmed
    In Norway's only viscose rayon plant, carbon disulfide (CS2) concentrations in ambient air usually were between 30 and 50 mg/m3 during the first 23 years of production...
  2. Chapman L, Sauter S, Henning R, Levine R, Matthews C, Peters H. Finger tremor after carbon disulfide-based pesticide exposures. Arch Neurol. 1991;48:866-70 pubmed
    ..was studied in 19 age-matched control subjects and in 19 grain industry employees chronically exposed to carbon disulfide-based fumigants...
  3. Deng J, Chen G, Ji J, Tan H, Wang S, Hu F, et al. [Apoptosis and gene FasL expression induced by carbon disulfide in rat sertoli cells]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2006;24:730-3 pubmed
    To study apoptosis and gene FasL expression induced by carbon disulfide in sertoli cells of male rats.
  4. Guo X, Tang R, Qin X, Yang J, Chen G. Effects of carbon disulfide on the expression and activity of nitric oxide synthase in rat hippocampus. Chin Med J (Engl). 2008;121:2553-6 pubmed
    b>Carbon disulfide (CS(2)) is a commonly used organic solvent...
  5. Luo J, Chang H, Chang S, Chou T, Chen C, Shih T, et al. Elevated triglyceride and decreased high density lipoprotein level in carbon disulfide workers in Taiwan. J Occup Environ Med. 2003;45:73-8 pubmed
    b>Carbon disulfide (CS2) is a man-made product utilized primarily in the manufacture of viscose rayon. Overexposure to CS2 has been associated with an increase in coronary heart disease...
  6. Munger S, Leinders Zufall T, McDougall L, Cockerham R, Schmid A, Wandernoth P, et al. An olfactory subsystem that detects carbon disulfide and mediates food-related social learning. Curr Biol. 2010;20:1438-44 pubmed publisher
    ..from gene-targeted mice, we show that GC-D(+) OSNs are highly sensitive to the volatile semiochemical carbon disulfide (CS(2)), a component of rodent breath and a known social signal mediating the acquisition of STFPs...
  7. Song H, Wei C, Dong Q, Wang M, Ji C, Hou Z, et al. [Studing the health status of workers occupationally exposed to carbon disulfide]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2012;30:443-7 pubmed
    To study the effects of carbon disulfide (CS(2)) on the health of workers, and to provide the basis for the further preventive measures.
  8. Niu Y, Matos A, Abrantes L, Viana A, Jin G. Antibody oriented immobilization on gold using the reaction between carbon disulfide and amine groups and its application in immunosensing. Langmuir. 2012;28:17718-25 pubmed publisher
    b>Carbon disulfide (CS(2)) can spontaneously react with amine groups to form dithiocarbamates on gold surface, providing the possibility to immobilize some compounds with primary or secondary amine groups in one step...
  9. Cha J, Kim S, Han H, Kim R, Yim S, Kim M. Brain MRI findings of carbon disulfide poisoning. Korean J Radiol. 2002;3:158-62 pubmed
    To evaluate the findings of brain MRI in patients with carbon disulfide poisoning.

More Information

Publications100

  1. Jhun H, Yim S, Kim R, Paek D. Heart-rate variability of carbon disulfide-poisoned subjects in Korea. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2003;76:156-60 pubmed
    Mass poisoning by carbon disulfide (CS(2)) occurred in a viscose-rayon factory in Korea. Including 38 who had died, 830 employees were diagnosed as CS(2) poisoned...
  2. Chang S, Shih T, Chou T, Chen C, Chang H, Sung F. Hearing loss in workers exposed to carbon disulfide and noise. Environ Health Perspect. 2003;111:1620-4 pubmed
    Simultaneous exposure to carbon disulfide and noise may have a combined effect on hearing impairment. In this study we investigated hearing loss in 131 men with exposure to noise [80-91 A-weighted decibels; dB(A)] and CS(2) (1.6-20...
  3. Ku M, Huang C, Kuo H, Yen T, Chen C, Shih T, et al. Diffuse white matter lesions in carbon disulfide intoxication: microangiopathy or demyelination. Eur Neurol. 2003;50:220-4 pubmed
    Long-term exposure to carbon disulfide (CS(2)) may induce diffuse encephalopathy with parkinsonism, pyramidal signs, cerebellar ataxia, and cognitive impairments, as well as axonal polyneuropathy...
  4. Huang C, Yen T, Shih T, Chang H, Chu N. Dopamine transporter binding study in differentiating carbon disulfide induced parkinsonism from idiopathic parkinsonism. Neurotoxicology. 2004;25:341-7 pubmed
    Long-term exposure to carbon disulfide (CS(2)) may induce parkinsonian features...
  5. Huang C. Carbon disulfide neurotoxicity: Taiwan experience. Acta Neurol Taiwan. 2004;13:3-9 pubmed
    b>Carbon disulfide (CS2) intoxication may induce peripheral neuropathy, encephalopathy, and cardiovascular diseases...
  6. Wang F, Cai S, Wang Z, Xi C. Synthesis of 2-mercaptobenzothiazoles via DBU-promoted tandem reaction of o-haloanilines and carbon disulfide. Org Lett. 2011;13:3202-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The reaction proceeded from o-haloaniline derivatives and carbon disulfide via a tandem reaction in the presence of 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4...
  7. Ma J, Ji J, Qing Ding -, Liu W, Wang S, Ning Wang -, et al. The effects of carbon disulfide on male sexual function and semen quality. Toxicol Ind Health. 2010;26:375-82 pubmed publisher
    ..01).The duration of exposure had the effect on sexual function and semen quality but no statistical significance (p > 0.05). Clinical effects on the male sexual function and semen quality were found in the workers exposed to CS(2)...
  8. Chuang W, Huang C, Chen C, Hsieh Y, Kuo H, Shih T. Carbon disulfide encephalopathy: cerebral microangiopathy. Neurotoxicology. 2007;28:387-93 pubmed
    To understand cerebral blood circulation after long-term exposure to carbon disulfide (CS2), four patients with encephalopathy and polyneuropathy, who had worked in a viscose rayon plant, were studied...
  9. Lewis J, Graham D, Valentine W, Morris R, Morgan D, Sills R. Exposure of C57BL/6 mice to carbon disulfide induces early lesions of atherosclerosis and enhances arterial fatty deposits induced by a high fat diet. Toxicol Sci. 1999;49:124-32 pubmed
    ..There is considerable epidemiological evidence that workers exposed to carbon disulfide (CS2) have increased rates of ACVD, and there is conflicting evidence of the atherogenic potential of CS2 ..
  10. Lee E, Kim M. Cerebral vasoreactivity by transcranial Doppler in carbon disulfide poisoning cases in Korea. J Korean Med Sci. 1998;13:645-51 pubmed
    ..These findings suggested that CS2 exposure could lead to a decrease of cerebral vasoreactivities by the atherosclerotic change of cerebral vessels...
  11. Huang C, Chu C, Chu N, Wu T. Carbon disulfide vasculopathy: a small vessel disease. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2001;11:245-50 pubmed
    ..of 4 male patients with acute stroke-like symptoms and polyneuropathy after long-term exposure to carbon disulfide (CS2) in a viscose rayon plant...
  12. Huang C, Chu C, Chen R, Lin S, Shih T. Chronic carbon disulfide encephalopathy. Eur Neurol. 1996;36:364-8 pubmed
    To understand central nervous damage after long-term exposure to carbon disulfide (CS2), 10 patients who had polyneuropathy with various neuropsychiatric symptoms in a viscose rayon plant were studied...
  13. Fernández Del Río R, O Hara M, Holt A, Pemberton P, Shah T, Whitehouse T, et al. Volatile Biomarkers in Breath Associated With Liver Cirrhosis - Comparisons of Pre- and Post-liver Transplant Breath Samples. EBioMedicine. 2015;2:1243-50 pubmed publisher
    ..showed statistically significant decrease post-transplant: limonene, methanol, 2-pentanone, 2-butanone and carbon disulfide. On an individual basis limonene has the best diagnostic capability (the area under a receiver operating ..
  14. Bretaudeau Deguigne M, Lagarce L, Boels D, Harry P. Metam sodium intoxication: the specific role of degradation products--methyl isothiocyanate and carbon disulphide--as a function of exposure. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2011;49:416-22 pubmed publisher
    ..On contact with moist soil, metam sodium decomposes into MITC and causes irritant symptoms. Under specific conditions, such as a spillage in the drainage system, metam sodium can degrade into CS2 and cause neurological signs. ..
  15. Yan X, Sun Y, Zhu T, Fan X. Conversion of carbon disulfide in air by non-thermal plasma. J Hazard Mater. 2013;261:669-74 pubmed publisher
    b>Carbon disulfide (CS2), a typical odorous organic sulfur compound, has adverse effects on human health and is a potential threat to the environment...
  16. Tan X, Chen G, Peng X, Wang F, Bi Y, Tao N, et al. Cross-sectional study of cardiovascular effects of carbon disulfide among Chinese workers of a viscose factory. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2004;207:217-25 pubmed
    ..study investigates the cardiovascular effects among Chinese workers who were occupationally exposed to carbon disulfide (CS2), and evaluates the protective value of the current Chinese Maximum Allowable Concentration (MAC) of CS2 ..
  17. Demartino A, Souza M, Ford P. Uncaging carbon disulfide. Delivery platforms for potential pharmacological applications: a mechanistic approach. Chem Sci. 2017;8:7186-7196 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Carbon disulfide is a known environmental toxin, but there is fragmentary evidence suggesting that CS2 may have ..
  18. Okayama A, Fun L, Yamatodani A, Ogawa Y, Wada H, Goto S. Effect of exposure to carbon disulfide on tryptophan metabolism and the tissue vitamin B6 contents of rats. Arch Toxicol. 1987;60:450-3 pubmed
    Female Wistar rats were exposed to 100 ppm or 600 ppm carbon disulfide for 6 hours a day, 5 days a week for 12 weeks. During the exposure period, their urinary excretion of 4-pyridoxic acid was determined...
  19. Mowbray S, Petsko G. The introduction of specific sites for heavy metal binding in a crystalline protein. J Biol Chem. 1983;258:5634-7 pubmed
    ..of the galactose binding protein of Salmonella typhimurium were obtained by the treatment of crystals with carbon disulfide under anaerobic conditions, followed by exposure to mercury-containing reagents...
  20. Kotseva K, Braeckman L, Duprez D, De Bacquer D, De Buyzere M, Van De Veire N, et al. Decreased carotid artery distensibility as a sign of early atherosclerosis in viscose rayon workers. Occup Med (Lond). 2001;51:223-9 pubmed
  21. YUAN Y, JV L, Jin L. [Effect of CS(2) occupational exposure on personality and intelligence]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2010;28:92-6 pubmed
    ..The low-concentration CS(2) occupational exposure could affect personality and intelligence, and the degree of this influence is associated with the length of CS(2) occupational exposure. ..
  22. Yang P, Voth G, Xiao D, Hines L, Bartsch R, Quitevis E. Nanostructural organization in carbon disulfide?ionic liquid mixtures: molecular dynamics simulations and optical Kerr effect spectroscopy. J Chem Phys. 2011;135:034502 pubmed publisher
  23. Grzechnik K, Mierzwicki K, Mielke Z. Matrix-isolated hydrogen-bonded and van der Waals complexes of hydrogen peroxide with OCS and CS2. Chemphyschem. 2013;14:777-87 pubmed publisher
    ..The solid nitrogen environment triggers the formation of the structures of C2v symmetry with a sulfur atom of OCS or CS2 directed toward the center of O-O bond of H2O2, stabilized by S···O interactions. ..
  24. Wang S, Irving G, Jiang L, Wang H, Li M, Wang X, et al. Oxidative Stress Mediated Hippocampal Neuron Apoptosis Participated in Carbon Disulfide-Induced Rats Cognitive Dysfunction. Neurochem Res. 2017;42:583-594 pubmed publisher
    Occupational exposure to carbon disulfide (CS2) exhibits central nervous systems toxicity. But the mechanism is unclear...
  25. Borrás E, Tortajada Genaro L, Muñoz A. Determination of reduced sulfur compounds in air samples for the monitoring of malodor caused by landfills. Talanta. 2016;148:472-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The compounds analyzed were hydrogen sulfide, ethyl mercaptan, dimethyl sulfide, carbon disulfide, butyl mercaptan and dimethyl disulfide...
  26. Silva M. A review of developmental and reproductive toxicity of CS2 and H2 S generated by the pesticide sodium tetrathiocarbonate. Birth Defects Res B Dev Reprod Toxicol. 2013;98:119-38 pubmed publisher
    ..is an example of a pesticide that when prepared for use in aqueous solution releases two toxic products carbon disulfide (CS2 ) (active ingredient) and hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) in ambient air in equimolar concentrations resulting ..
  27. Shaabani A, Hooshmand S. Diversity-oriented catalyst-free synthesis of pseudopeptides containing rhodanine scaffolds via a one-pot sequential isocyanide-based six-component reactions in water using ultrasound irradiation. Ultrason Sonochem. 2018;40:84-90 pubmed publisher
    ..The syntheses were achieved by reaction of various primary amines, carbon disulfide, maleic anhydride or itaconic anhydride, aromatic aldehydes, anilines and isocyanides under ultrasound ..
  28. Appaw C, Adewuyi Y. Destruction of carbon disulfide in aqueous solutions by sonochemical oxidation. J Hazard Mater. 2002;90:237-49 pubmed
    b>Carbon disulfide (CS(2)) is toxic to animals and aquatic organisms, and can also decompose to carbonyl sulfide (OCS) and hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) in aqueous environment...
  29. Gordon S, Mackay D, Gorecki T, Cherry J, Pawliszyn J. A laboratory technique for investigation of diffusion and transformation of volatile organic compounds in low permeability media. J Contam Hydrol. 2002;57:223-40 pubmed
    ..This technique shows promise for laboratory investigation of diffusion and transformation processes in low permeability media. ..
  30. Say R, Birlik E, Erdemgil Z, Denizli A, Ersöz A. Removal of mercury species with dithiocarbamate-anchored polymer/organosmectite composites. J Hazard Mater. 2008;150:560-4 pubmed
    ..7 mg g(-1) (45.7 micromol g(-1)) for Hg(II), CH(3)Hg(I) and C(6)H(5)Hg(I), respectively, at 10 ppm initial concentration. The adsorption capacities on molar basis were in order of C(6)H(5)Hg(I)>CH(3)Hg(I)>Hg(II)...
  31. He P, Wei S, Shao L, Lu F. Emission potential of volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) and ammonia from sludge compost with different bio-stability under various oxygen levels. Waste Manag. 2018;73:113-122 pubmed publisher
    ..and oxygen level decreased the emission rates and cumulative amounts of ammonia, carbonyl sulfide, carbon disulfide, and especially methlymercaptan, who was even extinguished in the late stage...
  32. Jain R. Levels of selected urinary metabolites of volatile organic compounds among children aged 6-11 years. Environ Res. 2015;142:461-70 pubmed publisher
    ..These results demonstrate how vulnerable children are to being exposed to harmful chemicals like VOCs in their own homes. ..
  33. Lu Y, Xiao Q, Jiang K, Qin W, Yu S. [The optimization of 2-thiothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid back extraction in urine and determination by HPLC]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2012;30:473-4 pubmed
    ..The within-day precision (RSD) were 8.4%, 3.0% and 1.7%, the between-day precision (RSD) were 11%, 3.8%, 1.9%, respectively. The extraction recovery were between 80% ? 102%. The method was accurate and sensitive to detect TTCA in urine. ..
  34. Yi J, Liu Z, Li G, Wang R, Wang X, Qiu L, et al. [Experimental study on carbon disulphide-induced vascular endothelial damage and the intervention of vitamin C]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2004;22:215-6 pubmed
  35. Kotseva K. Occupational exposure to low concentrations of carbon disulfide as a risk factor for hypercholesterolaemia. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2001;74:38-42 pubmed
    The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of occupational exposure to carbon disulfide (CS2) concentrations below threshold limit value (TLV)-time-weighted average (TWA) (31 mg/m3) on total cholesterol, blood pressure and ..
  36. Smeulders M, Pol A, Venselaar H, Barends T, Hermans J, Jetten M, et al. Bacterial CS2 hydrolases from Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans strains are homologous to the archaeal catenane CS2 hydrolase. J Bacteriol. 2013;195:4046-56 pubmed publisher
    b>Carbon disulfide (CS(2)) and carbonyl sulfide (COS) are important in the global sulfur cycle, and CS(2) is used as a solvent in the viscose industry...
  37. Fox D. Retinal and visual system: occupational and environmental toxicology. Handb Clin Neurol. 2015;131:325-40 pubmed publisher
    ..data regarding retinal/visual system deficits produced by occupational toxicants: organic solvents (carbon disulfide, trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene, styrene, toluene, and mixtures) and metals (inorganic lead, methyl ..
  38. Saheb V. Quantum chemical and theoretical kinetics study of the O(3P) + CS2 reaction. J Phys Chem A. 2011;115:4263-9 pubmed publisher
  39. Zhu H, Chai J, Ma Q, Jancik V, Roesky H, Fan H, et al. A seven-membered aluminum sulfur allenyl heterocycle arising from the conversion of an aluminacyclopropene with CS2. J Am Chem Soc. 2004;126:10194-5 pubmed
  40. Guo L, Luo C, Fan J, Hou Z, Ji X, Chen F, et al. Serum miRNA profiling identifies miR-150/30a as potential biomarker for workers with damaged nerve fibers from carbon disulfide. Ind Health. 2015;53:38-47 pubmed publisher
    ..and identify serum miRNAs associated with workers who had experienced injury to their nerve system from carbon disulfide (CS2), we profiled abnormally expressed miRNAs using the microarray technique and further performed qRT-PCR ..
  41. Fabrizi G, Fioretti M, Rocca L. Occupational exposure to complex mixtures of volatile organic compounds in ambient air: desorption from activated charcoal using accelerated solvent extraction can replace carbon disulfide?. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2013;405:961-76 pubmed publisher
    ..Different solvents were tested to extract activated charcoal tubes with the objective of replacing carbon disulfide, used in official methods, because of its highly toxic health and environmental effects...
  42. Karabagias I. Volatile Profile of Raw Lamb Meat Stored at 4 ± 1 °C: The Potential of Specific Aldehyde Ratios as Indicators of Lamb Meat Quality. Foods. 2018;7: pubmed publisher
    ..showed that the most dominant volatiles were 2,2,4,6,6-pentamethyl-heptane, hexanal, 1-octen-3-ol, 1-hexanol, carbon disulfide and p-cymene. Volatile compound content was increased during storage time...
  43. McGeough K, Kalin R, Myles P. Carbon disulfide removal by zero valent iron. Environ Sci Technol. 2007;41:4607-12 pubmed
    The use of zero valent iron (Fe0) for the remediation of water contaminated with carbon disulfide (CS2), a common groundwater contaminant, has been evaluated in this study...
  44. Kuo H, Lai J, Lin M, Su E. Effects of exposure to carbon disulfide (CS2) on electrocardiographic features of ischemic heart disease among viscose rayon factory workers. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 1997;70:61-6 pubmed
    ..was to evaluate viscose plant workers for electrocardiographic manifestations resulting from exposure to carbon disulfide (CS2)...
  45. Tan X, Wang F, Bi Y, Su Y, Li Y, He J, et al. The cross-sectional study of the health effects of occupational exposure to carbon disulfide in a Chinese viscose plant. Environ Toxicol. 2001;16:377-82 pubmed
    This article presents results of carbon disulfide exposure assessment in a Chinese viscose rayon factory and represents the cross-sectional study beginning phase of the occupational epidemiological project...
  46. Buelna G, Riffat R. Preliminary environmental monitoring of water quality in the Rio Grande in the Laredo-Nuevo Laredo Region. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng. 2007;42:1379-90 pubmed
    ..This preliminary study suggests the need for consistent periodic monitoring to track the environmental status of the Rio Grande. ..
  47. Ma X, Zhang W, Deng Y, Zhong C, Hu W, Han X. Phase and composition controlled synthesis of cobalt sulfide hollow nanospheres for electrocatalytic water splitting. Nanoscale. 2018;10:4816-4824 pubmed publisher
    ..and CoS2 HNSs, were precisely synthesized by simply adjusting the molar ratio of carbon disulfide to cobalt acetate using a facile solution-based strategy...
  48. Chung H, Youn K, Kim K, Park K. Carbon disulfide exposure estimate and prevalence of chronic diseases after carbon disulfide poisoning-related occupational diseases. Ann Occup Environ Med. 2017;29:52 pubmed publisher
    In Korea, Carbon disulfide (CS2) toxicity was an important social problem from the late 1980s to the early 1990s but there have been few large-scale studies examining the prevalence of diseases after CS2 exposure ..
  49. Elke K, Jermann E, Begerow J, Dunemann L. Determination of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes in indoor air at environmental levels using diffusive samplers in combination with headspace solid-phase microextraction and high-resolution gas chromatography-flame ionization detection. J Chromatogr A. 1998;826:191-200 pubmed
    ..An advantage of passive samplers is the storage stability for at least six months, which is essential for its use in large epidemiological studies. ..
  50. Ji C, Song H, Xu J, Wang M, Hou Z, Wei C, et al. [Clinical characteristics of the patients with occupational chronic carbon disulfide poisoning in a chemical fiber factory of Nanjing]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2012;30:439-42 pubmed
    To analyze the clinical characteristics of 267 cases with occupational chronic carbon disulfide (CS(2)) poisoning and to provide the basis for revising the items of periodical medical examination of workers occupationally exposed to CS(2)...
  51. Li H, Jonsson B, Lindh C, Albin M, Broberg K. N-nitrosamines are associated with shorter telomere length. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2011;37:316-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Aiming to examine the relationship between DNA-damaging agents and average telomere length in peripheral blood, we conducted a cross-sectional study among 157 workers working in the rubber industry in Sweden...
  52. van Eldijk M, van Leeuwen I, Mikhailov V, Neijenhuis L, Harhangi H, van Hest J, et al. Evidence that the catenane form of CS2 hydrolase is not an artefact. Chem Commun (Camb). 2013;49:7770-2 pubmed publisher
    CS2 hydrolase, a zinc-dependent enzyme that converts carbon disulfide to carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide, exists as a mixture of octameric ring and hexadecameric catenane forms in solution...
  53. Cho S, Kim R, Yim S, Tak S, Lee Y, Son M. Long-term neuropsychological effects and MRI findings in patients with CS2 poisoning. Acta Neurol Scand. 2002;106:269-75 pubmed
    To evaluate the long-term neuropsychological effects and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings among retired patients with a history of exposure to carbon disulfide (CS2).
  54. Ren Y, Mahon D. Evaluation of microwave irradiation for analysis of carbonyl sulfide, carbon disulfide, cyanogen, ethyl formate, methyl bromide, sulfuryl fluoride, propylene oxide, and phosphine in hay. J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:32-7 pubmed
    ..Power settings for maximum release of fumigants were determined for carbonyl sulfide (COS), carbon disulfide (CS(2)), cyanogen (C(2)N(2)), ethyl formate (EF), methyl bromide (CH(3)Br), sulfuryl fluoride (SF), propylene ..
  55. Song F, Zhang C, Wang Q, Zeng T, Xie K. Alterations in neurofilaments content and calpains activity of sciatic nerve of carbon disulfide-treated rats. Arch Toxicol. 2009;83:587-94 pubmed publisher
    Chronic exposure to carbon disulfide (CS2) can induce polyneuropathy in occupational worker and experimental animals, but underlying mechanism for CS2 neurotoxicity is currently unknown...
  56. Danielson J, Gosselin J, Surko C. Dipole enhancement of positron binding to molecules. Phys Rev Lett. 2010;104:233201 pubmed
    ..g., ?90??meV) as compared to those for similar sized molecules studied previously and analogous weakly bound electron-molecule (negative ion) states. Comparisons with existing theoretical predictions are discussed...
  57. Sills R, Valentine W, Moser V, Graham D, Morgan D. Characterization of carbon disulfide neurotoxicity in C57BL6 mice: behavioral, morphologic, and molecular effects. Toxicol Pathol. 2000;28:142-8 pubmed
    Female C57BL6 mice were exposed to 0 or 800 ppm carbon disulfide (CS2), 6 h/d, 5 d/wk for 20 weeks. The neurologic function of all mice was assessed once at the end of exposures using a functional observational battery...
  58. Nie Y, Zhang J, Xi S, Yang Z. [Emissions of biogenic sulfur gases from wheat fields]. Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2001;22:25-8 pubmed
    Emission rates of carbonyl sulfide (COS), carbon disulfide (CS2) and dimethyl sulfide (DMS) to the atmosphere from wheat fields treated with different fertilizers were measured by using the closed chamber method...
  59. Chang S, Chen C, Shih T, Chou T, Sung F. Risk for hypertension in workers exposed to carbon disulfide in the viscose rayon industry. Am J Ind Med. 2007;50:22-7 pubmed
    Chronic exposure to carbon disulfide (CS(2)) has been associated with hypertension, elevated cholesterol, arteriosclerosis, ischemic heart disease and related mortality, adverse nervous and reproductive health effects, and hearing ..
  60. Rosenberg E, Hallama R, Grasserbauer M. Development and evaluation of a calibration gas generator for the analysis of volatile organic compounds in air based on the injection method. Fresenius J Anal Chem. 2001;371:798-805 pubmed
    ..Both sampling techniques are capable for monitoring VOCs at concentrations and under conditions relevant for workplace monitoring...
  61. Fletcher K, Stone E, Mohamad M, Faulder G, Faulder R, Jones K, et al. A breath test to assess compliance with disulfiram. Addiction. 2006;101:1705-10 pubmed
  62. Kraakman N, Pol A, Smeulders M, Jetten M, Op den Camp H. Extremely acidophilic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria applied in biotechnological processes for gas purification. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng. 2012;47:964-9 pubmed publisher
    ..25) microorganisms have been studied and applied to treat volatile sulfur emissions like carbon disulfide. These microorganisms provide opportunities for biomass control and recycling of sulfuric acid using ..
  63. Wakui N, Ookubo T, Iwasaki Y, Ito R, Mitui M, Yano Y, et al. Determination of exposure of dispensary drug preparers to cyclophosphamide by passive sampling and liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. J Oncol Pharm Pract. 2013;19:31-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine cyclophosphamide exposure to preparers during tablet crushing and subsequent handling by analyzing indoor air collected using a high-performance volatile organic compounds-solvent desorption (VOC-SD) passive air sampler...
  64. Sills R, Harry G, Valentine W, Morgan D. Interdisciplinary neurotoxicity inhalation studies: carbon disulfide and carbonyl sulfide research in F344 rats. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2005;207:245-50 pubmed
    Inhalation studies were conducted on the hazardous air pollutants, carbon disulfide, which targets the central nervous system (spinal cord) and peripheral nervous system (distal portions of long myelinated axons), and carbonyl sulfide, ..
  65. Dalvi R. Cytochrome P-450-dependent covalent binding of carbon disulfide to rat liver microsomal protein in vitro and its prevention by reduced glutathione. Arch Toxicol. 1987;61:155-7 pubmed
    b>Carbon disulfide, a hepatotoxic solvent, is metabolized by liver microsomal enzymes to reactive sulfur atoms which get bound to the microsomal enzymes, causing inhibition of the enzyme system...
  66. Sehnert S, Jiang L, Burdick J, Risby T. Breath biomarkers for detection of human liver diseases: preliminary study. Biomarkers. 2002;7:174-87 pubmed
    ..This approach may provide the clinician with a simple, non-invasive technique for use in the screening of large populations and follow-up for patients with chronic liver disease...
  67. Kläring P, Braun T. Insertion of CS(2) into iridium-fluorine bonds. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2013;52:11096-101 pubmed publisher
    ..DFT studies suggest an unprecedented concerted metathesis-like mechanism for the C?F bond-formation step in which CS2 inserts into the Ir?F bond. ..
  68. Zhou G, Yin L, Wang D, Li L, Pei S, Gentle I, et al. Fibrous hybrid of graphene and sulfur nanocrystals for high-performance lithium-sulfur batteries. ACS Nano. 2013;7:5367-75 pubmed publisher
    ..anchored on interconnected fibrous graphene are obtained by a facile one-pot strategy using a sulfur/carbon disulfide/alcohol mixed solution...
  69. Chen S, Jian L, Lang H. Optimization of peroxynitrite-luminol chemiluminescence system for detecting peroxynitrite in cell culture solution exposed to carbon disulphide. Luminescence. 2003;18:249-53 pubmed
    ..00, p = 0.0001). The data demonstrated that this luminol chemiluminescence system is suitable for detecting peroxynitrite in cell culture solutions for evaluating the effect of CS(2) on endothelial cells...
  70. Song F, Yu S, Zhao X, Zhang C, Xie K. Carbon disulfide-induced changes in cytoskeleton protein content of rat cerebral cortex. Neurochem Res. 2006;31:71-9 pubmed
    To investigate the mechanism of carbon disulfide-induced neuropathy, male wistar rats were administrated by gavage at dosage of 300 or 500 mg/kg carbon disulfide, five times per week for 12 weeks...
  71. Song F, Zhao X, Zhou G, Zhu Y, Xie K. Carbon disulfide-induced alterations of neurofilaments and calpains content in rat spinal cord. Neurochem Res. 2006;31:1491-9 pubmed
    To investigate the mechanism of carbon disulfide-induced neuropathy, male Wistar rats were randomly divided into two experimental groups and one control group...
  72. Wu Y, Sun S, Wang Z, Li H, Xie K. [Effect of carbon disulfide on expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and metalloproteinase-9 in embryo and uterus of pregnant mice]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2010;28:881-4 pubmed
    To observe the effect of carbon disulfide (CS(2)) on the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9 in mouse embryo and uterus tissues and to explore the mechanism of embryo toxicity induced by CS(2).
  73. Godderis L, Braeckman L, Vanhoorne M, Viaene M. Neurobehavioral and clinical effects in workers exposed to CS(2). Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2006;209:139-50 pubmed
    ..The current study aimed to evaluate whether the decrease of exposure below the threshold limit value (TLV) of 31 mg/m(3) results in an absence of neurological health effects using the same health outcomes as in the first study...
  74. Kamboures M, Blake D, Cooper D, Newcomb R, Barker M, Larson J, et al. Breath sulfides and pulmonary function in cystic fibrosis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005;102:15762-7 pubmed
    We have determined the concentrations of carbonyl sulfide (OCS), dimethylsulfide, and carbon disulfide (CS(2)) in the breath of a group of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and one of healthy controls...
  75. Rushdi A, Simoneit B. Abiotic synthesis of organic compounds from carbon disulfide under hydrothermal conditions. Astrobiology. 2005;5:749-69 pubmed
    ..b>Carbon disulfide is a common component of magmatic and hot spring gases, and is present in marine and terrestrial hydrothermal ..
  76. Tan X, Peng X, Wang Y, Wang F, Joyeux M, Hartemann P. Carbon disulfide cytotoxicity on cultured cardiac myocytes of rats. Environ Toxicol. 2002;17:324-8 pubmed
    Although epidemiological studies have suggested that carbon disulfide produces cardiovascular effects in occupationally exposed workers, little is known about its cellular mechanism...
  77. Liu W, Zheng Z, Dai Z, Liu Z, Zhu R, Wu W, et al. Effect of solvent on absorption spectra of all-trans-beta-carotene under high pressure. J Chem Phys. 2008;128:124501 pubmed publisher
    The absorption spectra of all-trans-beta-carotene in n-hexane and carbon disulfide (CS(2)) solutions are measured under high pressure at ambient temperature. The common redshift and broadening in the spectra are observed...
  78. Wang Z, Xie K, Li H. [Effect of carbon disulfide exposure at different phases on the embryonic development in mid-pregnancy of female mice]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2005;23:139-41 pubmed
    ..To explore the sensitive point of embryotoxicity of carbon disulphide on female mice...
  79. Maddani M, Prabhu K. A concise synthesis of substituted thiourea derivatives in aqueous medium. J Org Chem. 2010;75:2327-32 pubmed publisher
    ..thiourea derivatives by means of simple condensation between available building blocks such as amines and carbon disulfide in aqueous medium is presented...
  80. Tilton F, La Du J, Vue M, Alzarban N, Tanguay R. Dithiocarbamates have a common toxic effect on zebrafish body axis formation. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2006;216:55-68 pubmed
    ..b>Carbon disulfide (CS(2)), a common DTC degradate, also caused distortions at concentrations >200 times the DTCs...
  81. Jiang K, Wu H, Qin W, Xiao Q, Lu Y, Cui S, et al. [The rervising of biological exposure index for carbon disulfide exposuring]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2012;30:479-81 pubmed
    To study the biological exposure index of carbon disulfide in China.
  82. Zhang J, Skibsted L, Fujii R, Koyama Y. Transient absorption from the 1Bu+ state of all-trans-beta-carotene newly identified in the near-infrared region. Photochem Photobiol. 2001;73:219-22 pubmed
    ..Kandori et al. [1994] J. Am. Chem. Soc. 116, 2671-2672.) Therefore, this component is assigned to a transient absorption from the 1Bu+ state...
  83. Jian L, Hu D. Antioxidative stress response in workers exposed to carbon disulfide. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2000;73:503-6 pubmed
    To study the effects of carbon disulfide (CS2) on antioxidative stress systems of exposed workers.
  84. Ballmann J, Yeo A, MacKay B, van Rijt S, Patrick B, Fryzuk M. Complete disassembly of carbon disulfide by a ditantalum complex. Chem Commun (Camb). 2010;46:8794-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Further reaction with H(2) produces CH(4) and the disulfide complex...
  85. Tymczyna L, Chmielowiec Korzeniowska A, Drabik A, Skórska C, Sitkowska J, Cholewa G, et al. Efficacy of a novel biofilter in hatchery sanitation: II. Removal of odorogenous pollutants. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2007;14:151-7 pubmed
    ..pollutants, there were determined 2 amines: 2-butanamine and 2-pentanamine, hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide, carbon disulfide, sulfides and mercaptans...
  86. Kirschner K, Hartt G, Evans T, Shields G. In search of CS2(H2O)(n=1-4) clusters. J Chem Phys. 2007;126:154320 pubmed
  87. Mobinikhaledi A, Bodaghifard M, Asadbegi S. A novel four- and pseudo-five-component reaction: unexpected efficient one-pot synthesis of 4H-thiopyran derivatives. Mol Divers. 2016;20:461-8 pubmed publisher
    ..novel method is reported for the synthesis of substituted 4H-thiopyrans by reacting aldehydes, malononitrile, carbon disulfide, and primary amines at room temperature in the presence of triethylamine as a catalyst...
  88. Morvai V, Szakmáry E, Ungvary G. The effects of carbon disulfide and ethanol on the circulatory system of rats. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2005;68:797-809 pubmed
    b>Carbon disulfide exerted adverse effects on the structure or hemodynamics of the cardiovascular system, and whether ethanol exposure modifies the cardiovascular effect of carbon disulfide, was examined...
  89. Zhang B, Shen C, Yang L, Li C, Yi A, Wang Z. DNA damage and apoptosis of endometrial cells cause loss of the early embryo in mice exposed to carbon disulfide. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2013;273:381-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Carbon disulfide (CS2) may lead to spontaneous abortion and very early pregnancy loss in women exposed in the workplace, but the mechanism remains unclear...
  90. Zhou M, Li Z, Men Z, Gao S, Li Z, Lu G, et al. Carbon disulfide assisted polymerization of benzene. J Phys Chem B. 2012;116:2414-9 pubmed publisher
    The chemical transformation of benzene (C(6)H(6)) and carbon disulfide (CS(2)) binary solution under high pressure condition is investigated by means of Raman spectroscopy up to 6.8 GPa...
  91. Jian L, Lang H. [The inhibitory effect of Lu-Duo-Wei on carbon disulfide-induced generation of hydroxyl radicals]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2003;21:368-71 pubmed
    To study the scavenging effects of Lu-Duo-Wei, thiourea, superoxide dismutase, and sodium azide on carbon disulfide-induced generation of hydroxyl radicals.