sulfur dioxide

Summary

Summary: A highly toxic, colorless, nonflammable gas. It is used as a pharmaceutical aid and antioxidant. It is also an environmental air pollutant.

Top Publications

  1. Harris E, Sinha B, van Pinxteren D, Tilgner A, Fomba K, Schneider J, et al. Enhanced role of transition metal ion catalysis during in-cloud oxidation of SO2. Science. 2013;340:727-30 pubmed publisher
    ..We found that sulfur dioxide oxidation catalyzed by natural transition metal ions is the dominant in-cloud oxidation pathway...
  2. Zhang R, Du J, Sun Y, Chen S, Tsai H, Yuan L, et al. Sulfur dioxide derivatives depress L-type calcium channel in rat cardiomyocytes. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2011;38:416-22 pubmed publisher
    1. Sulfur dioxide (SO(2) ) has recently been found to have various biological effects on the cardiovascular system...
  3. Woolven H, González Rodríguez C, Marco I, Thompson A, Willis M. DABCO-bis(sulfur dioxide), DABSO, as a convenient source of sulfur dioxide for organic synthesis: utility in sulfonamide and sulfamide preparation. Org Lett. 2011;13:4876-8 pubmed publisher
    The charge-transfer complex generated from the combination of DABCO and sulfur dioxide, DABSO, is a bench-stable colorless solid suitable for use in organic synthesis as a replacement for gaseous sulfur dioxide...
  4. Chen S, Du J, Liang Y, Zhang R, Tang C, Jin H. Sulfur dioxide restores calcium homeostasis disturbance in rat with isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury. Histol Histopathol. 2012;27:1219-26 pubmed publisher
    b>sulfur dioxide (SO?) could relieve isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial injury, while the mechanism is unclear...
  5. Chen S, Du J, Liang Y, Ochs T, Liu D, Zhu L, et al. Sulfur dioxide inhibits excessively activated endoplasmic reticulum stress in rats with myocardial injury. Heart Vessels. 2012;27:505-16 pubmed publisher
    ..The study was designed to explore the possible role of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) in protecting excessively activated ERS in rats with isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial injury...
  6. Barril C, Clark A, Scollary G. Chemistry of ascorbic acid and sulfur dioxide as an antioxidant system relevant to white wine. Anal Chim Acta. 2012;732:186-93 pubmed publisher
    The impact of the combined ascorbic acid and sulfur dioxide antioxidants on white wine oxidation processes was investigated using a range of analytical techniques, including flow injection analysis for free and total sulfur dioxide and ..
  7. Chen S, Tang C, Jin H, Du J. Sulfur dioxide acts as a novel endogenous gaseous signaling molecule in the cardiovascular system. Chin Med J (Engl). 2011;124:1901-5 pubmed
    b>Sulfur dioxide was considered to be toxic and detrimental to human health...
  8. Chiu S, Kao C, Huang T, Lin C, Ong S, Chen C, et al. Microalgal biomass production and on-site bioremediation of carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide from flue gas using Chlorella sp. cultures. Bioresour Technol. 2011;102:9135-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results demonstrate that flue gas from coke oven could be directly introduced into Chlorella sp. MTF-7 cultures to potentially produce algal biomass and efficiently capture CO?, NO and SO? from flue gas...
  9. Luo L, Chen S, Jin H, Tang C, Du J. Endogenous generation of sulfur dioxide in rat tissues. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2011;415:61-7 pubmed publisher
    While sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) has been previously known for its toxicological effects, it is now known to be produced endogenously in mammals from sulfur-containing amino acid L-cysteine...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Kim J, Hong Y. GSTM1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 polymorphisms and associations between air pollutants and markers of insulin resistance in elderly Koreans. Environ Health Perspect. 2012;120:1378-84 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous studies have suggested that diabetes mellitus (DM) is an outcome of exposure to air pollution, and metabolic detoxification genes affect air pollution-related outcomes...
  2. Meng Z, Yang Z, Li J, Zhang Q. The vasorelaxant effect and its mechanisms of sodium bisulfite as a sulfur dioxide donor. Chemosphere. 2012;89:579-84 pubmed publisher
    ..and its underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms, to explore whether bisulfite can be used as a sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) donor in the biological experiments, the vasorelaxant effects of sodium bisulfite and sodium sulfite ..
  3. Li L, Yi H. Effect of sulfur dioxide on ROS production, gene expression and antioxidant enzyme activity in Arabidopsis plants. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2012;58:46-53 pubmed publisher
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) is one of the most common and harmful air pollutants...
  4. Chen R, Huang W, Wong C, Wang Z, Thach T, Chen B, et al. Short-term exposure to sulfur dioxide and daily mortality in 17 Chinese cities: the China air pollution and health effects study (CAPES). Environ Res. 2012;118:101-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) is a major air pollutant and has significant impacts upon human health. Few multi-city studies in Asia have examined the acute health effects of SO(2)...
  5. Mauldin R, Berndt T, Sipilä M, Paasonen P, Petaja T, Kim S, et al. A new atmospherically relevant oxidant of sulphur dioxide. Nature. 2012;488:193-6 pubmed publisher
    ..We also find that the oxidation chemistry of this compound seems to be tightly linked to the presence of alkenes of biogenic origin...
  6. Zhang X, Yang B, Wang X, Luo C. Effect of plasma treatment on multi-walled carbon nanotubes for the detection of H2S and SO2. Sensors (Basel). 2012;12:9375-85 pubmed
    ..The modified MWNTs have almost zero sensitivity to SO(2). Thus, the MWNTs modified by atmospheric pressure DBD air plasma present good selectivity to H(2)S, and have great potential in H(2)S detection...
  7. Burstyn I, Cherry N, Yasui Y, Kim H. Relative performance of different exposure modeling approaches for sulfur dioxide concentrations in the air in rural western Canada. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2008;8:43 pubmed publisher
    ..Month-long average air quality measurements were collected over a two-year period (2001-2002) at multiple locations, with some side-by-side measurements, and repeated time-series at selected locations...
  8. Johns D, Svendsgaard D, Linn W. Analysis of the concentration-respiratory response among asthmatics following controlled short-term exposures to sulfur dioxide. Inhal Toxicol. 2010;22:1184-93 pubmed publisher
    Some of the most compelling evidence of sulfur dioxide (SO(2))-induced respiratory morbidity is derived from a large body of studies involving controlled short-term exposures among groups of asthmatic volunteers...
  9. Samoli E, Nastos P, Paliatsos A, Katsouyanni K, Priftis K. Acute effects of air pollution on pediatric asthma exacerbation: evidence of association and effect modification. Environ Res. 2011;111:418-24 pubmed publisher
    We investigated the short-term effects of particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter <10 ?g/m(3) (PM(10)), sulfur dioxide (SO(2)), nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)) and ozone (O(3)) on pediatric asthma emergency admissions in Athens, Greece ..
  10. Meng Z, Zhang H. The vasodilator effect and its mechanism of sulfur dioxide-derivatives on isolated aortic rings of rats. Inhal Toxicol. 2007;19:979-86 pubmed
    The vasodilator effect of exogenous sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) derivatives (mixture of sodium bisulfite and sodium sulfite, 3:1 M/M in neutral solution) on rat vascular system was studied in order to explore the mechanism of blood pressure ..
  11. Linares B, Guizar J, Amador N, Garcia A, Miranda V, Perez J, et al. Impact of air pollution on pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms in children. Longitudinal repeated-measures study. BMC Pulm Med. 2010;10:62 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of the study was to determine the impact of air pollution on the frequency of pulmonary function alterations and respiratory symptoms in school-age children in a longitudinal repeated-measures study...
  12. Ko F, Tam W, Wong T, Chan D, Tung A, Lai C, et al. Temporal relationship between air pollutants and hospital admissions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Hong Kong. Thorax. 2007;62:780-5 pubmed
    ..To assess any relationship between the levels of ambient air pollutants and hospital admissions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Hong Kong...
  13. Lee S, Wong W, Lau Y. Association between air pollution and asthma admission among children in Hong Kong. Clin Exp Allergy. 2006;36:1138-46 pubmed
    ..To examine the association of air pollutants with hospital admission for childhood asthma in Hong Kong...
  14. Bai J, Meng Z. Effects of sulfur dioxide on apoptosis-related gene expressions in lungs from rats. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2005;43:272-9 pubmed
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is an air pollutant in densely populated areas as well as in areas polluted by coal-fired power plants, smelters, and sulfuric acid factories...
  15. Hu G, Sun Z, Gao H. Novel process of simultaneous removal of SO2 and NO2 by sodium humate solution. Environ Sci Technol. 2010;44:6712-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The SO2 absorption efficiency is above 98% and the NO2 absorption efficiency may reach above 95% in the optimal condition in this process. The chief byproduct is a compound fertilizer consisting of humic acid (HA), sulfate, and nitrate...
  16. Orazzo F, Nespoli L, Ito K, Tassinari D, Giardina D, Funis M, et al. Air pollution, aeroallergens, and emergency room visits for acute respiratory diseases and gastroenteric disorders among young children in six Italian cities. Environ Health Perspect. 2009;117:1780-5 pubmed publisher
    ..We conducted a multicity analysis of the relationship between air pollution and ER visits for wheezing and gastroenteric disorder in children 0-2 years of age...
  17. Liang Y, Liu D, Ochs T, Tang C, Chen S, Zhang S, et al. Endogenous sulfur dioxide protects against isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury and increases myocardial antioxidant capacity in rats. Lab Invest. 2011;91:12-23 pubmed publisher
    Recently, sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) was discovered to be produced in the cardiovascular system and to influence important biological processes...
  18. Sun Y, Tian Y, Prabha M, Liu D, Chen S, Zhang R, et al. Effects of sulfur dioxide on hypoxic pulmonary vascular structural remodeling. Lab Invest. 2010;90:68-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Recently, we found that sulfur dioxide could be produced endogenously by pulmonary vessels, and that it showed vascular regulatory capabilities...
  19. Brunekreef B, Holgate S. Air pollution and health. Lancet. 2002;360:1233-42 pubmed
    ..In this review, we discuss the evidence for adverse effects on health of selected air pollutants...
  20. Zhao H, Xu X, Na J, Hao L, Huang L, Li G, et al. Protective effects of salicylic acid and vitamin C on sulfur dioxide-induced lipid peroxidation in mice. Inhal Toxicol. 2008;20:865-71 pubmed
    ..of exogenous salicylic acid (SA) and vitamin C (Vit C) on the oxidative stress induced by 56 mg/m(3) of sulfur dioxide (SO2) in mouse livers and brains were investigated...
  21. Qian Z, He Q, Lin H, Kong L, Liao D, Gong J, et al. Exploring uncertainty of the change from ICD-9 to ICD-10 on acute mortality effects of air pollution. Environ Int. 2008;34:248-53 pubmed
  22. Bell M, Ebisu K, Belanger K. Ambient air pollution and low birth weight in Connecticut and Massachusetts. Environ Health Perspect. 2007;115:1118-24 pubmed
    ..Several studies have examined whether air pollution affects birth weight; however results vary and many studies were focused on Southern California or were conducted outside of the United States...
  23. Silva K, Raimundo I, Gimenez I, Alves O. Optical sensor for sulfur dioxide determination in wines. J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:8697-701 pubmed
    A method for the determination of free and total sulfur dioxide in wines, based on the use of an optical sensor that employs a dichlorobis(diphenylphosphino)methane dipalladium I complex [Pd(2)(dppm)(2)Cl(2)] immobilized in a PVC membrane ..
  24. Lin M, Chen Y, Burnett R, Villeneuve P, Krewski D. Effect of short-term exposure to gaseous pollution on asthma hospitalisation in children: a bi-directional case-crossover analysis. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2003;57:50-5 pubmed
    ..Assess associations between short-term exposure to gaseous pollutants and asthma hospitalisation among boys and girls 6 to12 years of age...
  25. Arbex M, de Souza Conceição G, Cendon S, Arbex F, Lopes A, Moysés E, et al. Urban air pollution and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-related emergency department visits. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2009;63:777-83 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the daily number of COPD emergency department visits and the daily environmental air concentrations of PM(10), SO(2), NO(2), CO and O(3) in the City of São Paulo, Brazil...
  26. Qin G, Meng Z. Sulfur dioxide and benzo(a)pyrene modulates CYP1A and tumor-related gene expression in rat liver. Environ Toxicol. 2010;25:169-79 pubmed publisher
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) and benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) are common industrial and environmental contaminants...
  27. Atari D, Luginaah I, Xu X, Fung K. Spatial variability of ambient nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide in Sarnia, "Chemical Valley," Ontario, Canada. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2008;71:1572-81 pubmed publisher
    This study aimed at developing models to predict nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)) and sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) concentrations in Sarnia, "Chemical Valley", Ontario, Canada, and model the intra-urban variation of ambient NO(2) and SO(2) in ..
  28. Gilboa S, Mendola P, Olshan A, Langlois P, Savitz D, Loomis D, et al. Relation between ambient air quality and selected birth defects, seven county study, Texas, 1997-2000. Am J Epidemiol. 2005;162:238-52 pubmed
    ..the association between maternal exposure to air pollutants, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide, and particulate matter <10 microm in aerodynamic diameter during weeks 3-8 of pregnancy and the risk of ..
  29. Meng Z, Liu Y. Cell morphological ultrastructural changes in various organs from mice exposed by inhalation to sulfur dioxide. Inhal Toxicol. 2007;19:543-51 pubmed
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is a common air pollutant, present in low concentrations in the community air as well as in higher concentrations in some workplaces...
  30. Pinkerton J. Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides emissions from U.S. pulp and paper mills, 1980-2005. J Air Waste Manag Assoc. 2007;57:901-6 pubmed
    Comprehensive surveys conducted at 5-yr intervals were used to estimate sulfur dioxide (SO,) and nitrogen oxides (NO.) emissions from U.S. pulp and paper mills for 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000, and 2005...
  31. Scott H, Soskolne C, Wayne Martin S, Ellehoj E, Coppock R, Guidotti T, et al. Comparison of two atmospheric-dispersion models to assess farm-site exposure to sour-gas processing-plant emissions. Prev Vet Med. 2003;57:15-34 pubmed
    ..b>Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) was the surrogate measure of exposure to a complex mixture of combusted sour-gas emissions...
  32. Lee B, Ha E, Park H, Kim Y, Hong Y, Kim H, et al. Exposure to air pollution during different gestational phases contributes to risks of low birth weight. Hum Reprod. 2003;18:638-43 pubmed
    ..Although there have been growing concerns about the adverse effects of air pollution on birth outcomes, little is known about which specific exposure times of specific pollutants contribute to low birth weight (LBW)...
  33. Kilic D. The effects of ageing and sulfur dioxide inhalation exposure on visual-evoked potentials, antioxidant enzyme systems, and lipid-peroxidation levels of the brain and eye. Neurotoxicol Teratol. 2003;25:587-98 pubmed
    The effects of ageing and 10 ppm sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) inhalation exposure on visual-evoked potentials (VEPs), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), a product of lipid peroxidation, and the activities of Cu, Zn superoxide ..
  34. Meng Z, Qin G, Zhang B, Bai J. DNA damaging effects of sulfur dioxide derivatives in cells from various organs of mice. Mutagenesis. 2004;19:465-8 pubmed
    The DNA-damaging effects of sulfur dioxide (SO2) derivatives (a mixture of sodium sulfite and sodium bisulfite, 3:1 M/M) in the cells of various organs (brain, lung, heart, liver, stomach, spleen, thymus, bone marrow and kidney) of male ..
  35. Sagiv S, Mendola P, Loomis D, Herring A, Neas L, Savitz D, et al. A time-series analysis of air pollution and preterm birth in Pennsylvania, 1997-2001. Environ Health Perspect. 2005;113:602-6 pubmed
    ..we investigated the effect of ambient outdoor particulate matter with diameter < or = 10 microm (PM10) and sulfur dioxide on risk for preterm delivery...
  36. Schildcrout J, Sheppard L, Lumley T, Slaughter J, Koenig J, Shapiro G. Ambient air pollution and asthma exacerbations in children: an eight-city analysis. Am J Epidemiol. 2006;164:505-17 pubmed
    ..of carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter less than 10 mum in aerodynamic diameter (PM10), sulfur dioxide, and warm-season ozone were examined in both one-pollutant and two-pollutant models, using lags of up to 2 ..
  37. Meng Z, Liu Y, Wu D. Effect of sulfur dioxide inhalation on cytokine levels in lungs and serum of mice. Inhal Toxicol. 2005;17:303-7 pubmed
    In order to elucidate the immunotoxic mechanism exerted by sulfur dioxide (SO(2)), we investigated the effect of SO(2), a major air pollutant, on the cytokine levels in lungs and serum of male mice...
  38. Dolk H, Armstrong B, Lachowycz K, Vrijheid M, Rankin J, Abramsky L, et al. Ambient air pollution and risk of congenital anomalies in England, 1991-1999. Occup Environ Med. 2010;67:223-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate whether there is an association between risk of congenital anomaly and annual ward level exposure to air pollution in England during the 1990s...
  39. Forbes L, Kapetanakis V, Rudnicka A, Cook D, Bush T, Stedman J, et al. Chronic exposure to outdoor air pollution and lung function in adults. Thorax. 2009;64:657-63 pubmed publisher
    ..The extent to which chronic exposure to outdoor air pollutants influences lung function in adults is unclear. The aim of this study was to measure the association between chronic exposure to outdoor air pollutants and adult lung function...
  40. Galan I, Tobias A, Banegas J, Aránguez E. Short-term effects of air pollution on daily asthma emergency room admissions. Eur Respir J. 2003;22:802-8 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, the usual air pollution levels in Madrid were associated with an increase in asthma emergency room admissions, and this association remained controlling for the presence of ambient pollen...
  41. Aunan K, Pan X. Exposure-response functions for health effects of ambient air pollution applicable for China -- a meta-analysis. Sci Total Environ. 2004;329:3-16 pubmed
    ..31% (S.E. 0.01) increase per microg/m3 in adults and 0.44% (S.E. 0.02) per microg/m3 in children. With some exceptions, Chinese studies report somewhat lower exposure-response coefficients as compared to studies in Europe and USA...
  42. Kan H, Wong C, Vichit Vadakan N, Qian Z. Short-term association between sulfur dioxide and daily mortality: the Public Health and Air Pollution in Asia (PAPA) study. Environ Res. 2010;110:258-64 pubmed publisher
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) has been associated with increased mortality and morbidity, but only few studies were conducted in Asian countries. Previous studies suggest that SO(2) may have adverse health effects independent of other pollutants...
  43. Ruidavets J, Cournot M, Cassadou S, Giroux M, Meybeck M, Ferrieres J. Ozone air pollution is associated with acute myocardial infarction. Circulation. 2005;111:563-9 pubmed
    ..The objective of this study was to test the associations between air pollutants and the occurrence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
  44. Goo J, Irfan M, Kim S, Hong S. Effects of NO2 and SO2 on selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides by ammonia. Chemosphere. 2007;67:718-23 pubmed
    ..The denitrification (DeNO(x)) conversion decreases at lower temperatures but it increases at higher temperatures with increasing SO(2) concentration. The presence of SO(2) in the feeds inhibits N(2)O formation...
  45. Meng Z, Ding G, Xu X, Xu X, Yu H, Wang S. Vertical distributions of SO(2) and NO(2) in the lower atmosphere in Beijing urban areas, China. Sci Total Environ. 2008;390:456-65 pubmed
    ..The vertical distributions of air pollutants were controlled and affected by atmospheric dynamical characteristics...
  46. Zemek R, Szyszkowicz M, Rowe B. Air pollution and emergency department visits for otitis media: a case-crossover study in Edmonton, Canada. Environ Health Perspect. 2010;118:1631-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Otitis media (OM) is one of the most common early childhood infections, resulting in an enormous economic burden to the health care system through unscheduled doctor visits and antibiotic prescriptions...
  47. Deniz C, Durmuşoğlu Y. Estimating shipping emissions in the region of the Sea of Marmara, Turkey. Sci Total Environ. 2008;390:255-61 pubmed
    ..The shipping emissions in the area are 46% of NO(x), 25% of PM and 1.5% of CO of road traffic emissions in Turkey data between which and correspond to a higher level than aircraft emissions and rail emissions in Turkey...
  48. Haworth M, Gallagher A, Elliott Kingston C, Raschi A, Marandola D, McElwain J. Stomatal index responses of Agrostis canina to CO2 and sulphur dioxide: implications for palaeo-[CO2] using the stomatal proxy. New Phytol. 2010;188:845-55 pubmed publisher
  49. Zhao X, Jin H, Tang C, Du J. [Effects of sulfur dioxide, on the proliferation and apoptosis of aorta smooth muscle cells in hypertension: experiments with rats]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2008;88:1279-83 pubmed
    To explore the effects of sulfur dioxide (SO2) on the proliferation and apoptosis of aorta smooth muscle cells in hypertension rats and possible mechanism thereof.
  50. Ribeiro H, Cardoso M. Air pollution and children's health in São Paulo (1986-1998). Soc Sci Med. 2003;57:2013-22 pubmed
    ..In the area where both particulate matter and sulfur dioxide levels decreased, there was a reduction in the prevalence of respiratory symptoms.
  51. Oliveira S, Lopes T, Tóth I, Rangel A. Development of a gas diffusion multicommuted flow injection system for the determination of sulfur dioxide in wines, comparing malachite green and pararosaniline chemistries. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57:3415-22 pubmed publisher
    A flow system based on the multicommutation concept was developed for the determination of free and total sulfur dioxide in table wines, exploiting gas diffusion separation and spectrophotometric detection...
  52. Li R, Meng Z, Xie J. Effects of sulfur dioxide derivatives on four asthma-related gene expressions in human bronchial epithelial cells. Toxicol Lett. 2007;175:71-81 pubmed
    b>Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) is a common air pollutant, and inhaled SO(2) in airway epithelium easily forms its soluble derivatives in vivo (bisulfite and sulfite), which are toxic to the respiratory system and related to the exacerbation of ..
  53. Wang X, Huang X, Ochs T, Li X, Jin H, Tang C, et al. Effect of sulfur dioxide preconditioning on rat myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury by inducing endoplasmic reticulum stress. Basic Res Cardiol. 2011;106:865-78 pubmed publisher
    b>Sulfur dioxide has recently been found to be produced endogenously in the cardiovascular system and have important positive biological effects...