neodymium

Summary

Summary: An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Nd, atomic number 60, and atomic weight 144.24, and is used in industrial applications.

Top Publications

  1. Liu D, Lai J, Lam D. Descemet membrane detachment after sequential argon-neodymium:YAG laser peripheral iridotomy. Am J Ophthalmol. 2002;134:621-2 pubmed
    To report a case of Descemet membrane detachment after sequential argon-neodymium (Nd):yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG) laser peripheral iridotomy.
  2. Dominguez G, Durand L, De Rosa J, Danguise E, Arozamena C, Ferraina P. Retraction and triangulation with neodymium magnetic forceps for single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Surg Endosc. 2009;23:1660-6 pubmed publisher
    ..A new technique based on retraction and triangulation with magnetic instruments for single port laparoscopic surgery is presented...
  3. Song M, Kim Y, Kim Y, Roh J, Kim S, Yoon B. Using a neodymium magnet to target delivery of ferumoxide-labeled human neural stem cells in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia. Hum Gene Ther. 2010;21:603-10 pubmed publisher
    ..To assess migration in vitro, ferumoxide-labeled cells were seeded into a culture dish that had a neodymium magnet below its center, and the labeled NSCs were found to aggregate above the magnet...
  4. Lipper G, Perez M. Nonablative acne scar reduction after a series of treatments with a short-pulsed 1,064-nm neodymium:YAG laser. Dermatol Surg. 2006;32:998-1006 pubmed
    ..One such laser, a 1,064-nm short-pulsed Nd:YAG, uses rapidly scanned low-energy infrared pulses to heat the dermis selectively through the normal dermal microvasculature...
  5. Moskalik K, Kozlow A, Demin E, Boiko E. Powerful neodymium laser radiation for the treatment of facial carcinoma: 5 year follow-up data. Eur J Dermatol. 2010;20:738-42 pubmed publisher
    A retrospective non-comparative follow-up study was performed to evaluate the curative efficacy of powerful neodymium laser radiation (? = 1,060 nm) for the treatment of 2,837 patients with 3,001 histologically confirmed facial skin ..
  6. Kostova I, Manolov I, Momekov G. Cytotoxic activity of new neodymium (III) complexes of bis-coumarins. Eur J Med Chem. 2004;39:765-75 pubmed
    Complexes of neodymium (III) with bis-coumarins: 3,3'-benzylidene-bis(4-hydroxy-2H-1-benzopyran-2-one); bis(4-hydroxy-2-oxo-2H-chromen-3-yl)-piridin-2-yl-methane; bis(4-hydroxy-2-oxo-2H-chromen-3-yl)-piridin-4-yl-methane; bis(4-hydroxy-2-..
  7. Yao R, Meng F, Zhang L, Ma D, Wang M. Defluoridation of water using neodymium-modified chitosan. J Hazard Mater. 2009;165:454-60 pubmed publisher
    ..The water containing high fluoride ions could do harm to human and environment. In this work, the applicability of neodymium-modified chitosan as adsorbents for the removal of excess fluoride ions from water was studied...
  8. Hayashi K, Nakao F, Hayashi H. Influence of size of neodymium:yttrium-aluminium-garnet laser posterior capsulotomy on visual function. Eye (Lond). 2010;24:101-6 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to examine the influence that the size of a neodymium:yttrium-aluminium-garnet (Nd:YAG) laser capsulotomy performed for posterior capsule opacification (PCO) has on visual acuity (VA), and on contrast VA and ..
  9. Shahmoradi B, Soga K, Ananda S, Somashekar R, Byrappa K. Modification of neodymium-doped ZnO hybrid nanoparticles under mild hydrothermal conditions. Nanoscale. 2010;2:1160-4 pubmed publisher
    The morphology and particle size of neodymium-doped ZnO hybrid nanoparticles were tailored through fabrication under mild hydrothermal conditions (T = 150-250 degrees C, P = autogeneous, t = 18 h) for the first time using two surface ..

More Information

Publications62

  1. Chen Y, Yang L, Feng C, Wen L. Nano neodymium oxide induces massive vacuolization and autophagic cell death in non-small cell lung cancer NCI-H460 cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005;337:52-60 pubmed
    b>Neodymium, a rare earth element, was known to exhibit cytotoxic effects and induce apoptosis in certain cancer cells...
  2. Knoll T, Trojan L, Langbein S, Sagi S, Alken P, Michel M. Impact of holmium:YAG and neodymium:YAG lasers on the efficacy of DNA delivery in transitional cell carcinoma. Lasers Med Sci. 2004;19:33-6 pubmed
    ..5 million cells/ml) was mixed with 200 microg of plasmid DNA (pEGFP-N1). Two types of laser energy, neodymium:YAG (Nd:YAG) and holmium:YAG (Ho:YAG), were applied to the cell suspension in different energy settings...
  3. Moskalik K, Alexeeva L, Novik V, Demin E, Kozlov A. Morphological changes in human skin melanoma treated by high-energy pulsed neodymium laser radiation. J BUON. 2011;16:341-4 pubmed
    The neodymium (Nd) laser irradiation has been successfully applied to the treatment of slightly elevated skin melanoma. At the same time the histologic aspects of such a treatment have not been precisely investigated...
  4. Park K, Kim D, Kim H, Li K, Seo S, Hong C. A randomized, observer-blinded, comparison of combined 1064-nm Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium-aluminium-garnet laser plus 30% glycolic acid peel vs. laser monotherapy to treat melasma. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2011;36:864-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Melasma is a common pigmentary disorder that poses therapeutic challenges. Mixed-type melasma usually does not respond to conventional monotherapy...
  5. Wolber T, Ryf S, Binggeli C, Holzmeister J, Brunckhorst C, Luechinger R, et al. Potential interference of small neodymium magnets with cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. Heart Rhythm. 2007;4:1-4 pubmed
    ..b>Neodymium-iron-boron (NdFeB) magnets, which are small in size but produce strong magnetic fields, have become widely ..
  6. Nabi G, Dogra P. Endoscopic management of post-traumatic prostatic and supraprostatic strictures using Neodymium-YAG laser. Int J Urol. 2002;9:710-4 pubmed
    We assessed the feasibility, efficacy and long-term results of endoscopic management using Neodymium-YAG (Nd-YAG) laser as a day care procedure in patients with post-traumatic supraprostatic and prostatic strictures...
  7. Kostova I, Trendafilova N, Momekov G. Theoretical and spectroscopic evidence for coordination ability of 3,3'-benzylidenedi-4-hydroxycoumarin. New neodymium (III) complex and its cytotoxic effect. J Inorg Biochem. 2005;99:477-87 pubmed
    ..The coordination ability of 3,3'-benzylidenedi-4-hydroxycoumarin has been proved in a complexation reaction with neodymium (III) ion...
  8. Piaton J, Keller P, Limon S, Quenot S. [Holmium: YAG and neodymium: YAG laser assisted trans-canalicular dacryocystorhinostomy. Results of 317 first procedures]. J Fr Ophtalmol. 2001;24:253-64 pubmed
    ..results of the first procedures of trans-canalicular dacryocystorhinostomy according to two different lasers: Neodymium: YAG (Nd: YAG) laser or Holmium: YAG (Ho: YAG) laser...
  9. Chan H, King W, Chan E, Mok C, Ho W, Van Krevel C, et al. In vivo trial comparing patients' tolerance of Q-switched Alexandrite (QS Alex) and Q-switched neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (QS Nd:YAG) lasers in the treatment of nevus of Ota. Lasers Surg Med. 1999;24:24-8 pubmed
    ..The aim of the present study was to compare the patient tolerance of Q-switched Alexandrite (QS Alex) and Q-switched neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (QS Nd:YAG) lasers in the treatment of nevus of Ota.
  10. Soulet G, Ménot G, Bayon G, Rostek F, Ponzevera E, Toucanne S, et al. Abrupt drainage cycles of the Fennoscandian Ice Sheet. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:6682-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, from a core retrieved in the BS, we combine the use of neodymium isotopes, high-resolution elemental analysis, and biomarkers to trace changes in sediment provenance and river ..
  11. Sadick N, Schecter A. Utilization of the 1320-nm Nd:YAG laser for the reduction of photoaging of the hands. Dermatol Surg. 2004;30:1140-4 pubmed
    ..Nonablative laser resurfacing has been shown to improve the appearance photoaged skin. Clinical improvement has been associated with dermal collagen remodeling...
  12. Dorris A, Sicard C, Chen M, McDonald A, Barrett C. Stabilization of neodymium oxide nanoparticles via soft adsorption of charged polymers. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2011;3:3357-65 pubmed publisher
    ..synthetic polyelectrolytes, PSS and PAH, are employed as strong adsorbed surfactants to disperse and stabilize neodymium oxide nanoparticles...
  13. Li W, Liu X, Tung C, Hao Z. The observation of abnormal signals in laser flash photolysis: a type of probable synchronized nuclear spin signals. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2006;65:345-50 pubmed
  14. Mihalcea I, Volkringer C, Henry N, Loiseau T. Series of mixed uranyl-lanthanide (Ce, Nd) organic coordination polymers with aromatic polycarboxylates linkers. Inorg Chem. 2012;51:9610-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Expected U/Ln ratio from the crystal structures were observed for compounds 1-6...
  15. Lin J, Valentine M. High-force NdFeB-based magnetic tweezers device optimized for microrheology experiments. Rev Sci Instrum. 2012;83:053905 pubmed publisher
    We present the design, calibration, and testing of a magnetic tweezers device that employs two pairs of permanent neodymium iron boron magnets surrounded by low-carbon steel focusing tips to apply large forces to soft materials for ..
  16. Meral G, Tasar F, Kocagoz S, Sener C. Factors affecting the antibacterial effects of Nd:YAG laser in vivo. Lasers Surg Med. 2003;32:197-202 pubmed
    ..Several study designs have been set to investigate this effect. Aim of this study was to research if the bactericidal effect of laser tool was affected from several factors in vitro studies...
  17. Takaya M, Shinohara Y, Serita F, Ono Ogasawara M, Otaki N, Toya T, et al. Dissolution of functional materials and rare earth oxides into pseudo alveolar fluid. Ind Health. 2006;44:639-44 pubmed
    ..The tested materials were yttrium, lanthanum, cerium and neodymium oxides, and neodymium-boron-iron magnet alloy (NdBFe) and lanthanum-mish-metal-nickel-cobalt (LmNiCo) hydrogen-..
  18. Lee B, Chang C, Chen W, Lan W, Lin C. In vitro study of dentin hypersensitivity treated by Nd:YAP laser and bioglass. Dent Mater. 2005;21:511-9 pubmed
  19. Di Matteo F, Martino M, Rea R, Pandolfi M, Panzera F, Stigliano E, et al. US-guided application of Nd:YAG laser in porcine pancreatic tissue: an ex vivo study and numerical simulation. Gastrointest Endosc. 2013;78:750-5 pubmed publisher
    Laser ablation (LA) with a neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser is a minimally invasive approach able to achieve a high rate of complete tissue necrosis...
  20. Kreisler M, Götz H, Duschner H. Effect of Nd:YAG, Ho:YAG, Er:YAG, CO2, and GaAIAs laser irradiation on surface properties of endosseous dental implants. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2002;17:202-11 pubmed
    ..To analyze potential surface alterations in endosseous dental implants induced by irradiation with common dental lasers...
  21. Oliveira R, Guibal E, Garcia O. Biosorption and desorption of lanthanum(III) and neodymium(III) in fixed-bed columns with Sargassum sp.: perspectives for separation of rare earth metals. Biotechnol Prog. 2012;28:715-22 pubmed publisher
    ..This work focuses on the biosorption of monocomponent and bicomponent solutions of lanthanum(III) and neodymium(III) in fixed-bed columns using Sargassum sp. biomass. The desorption of metals with HCl 0...
  22. Gerhard C, Druon F, Georges P, Couderc V, Leproux P. Stable mode-locked operation of a low repetition rate diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser by combining quadratic polarisation switching and a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror. Opt Express. 2006;14:7093-8 pubmed
  23. Ximendes E, Rocha U, Jacinto C, Kumar K, Bravo D, López F, et al. Self-monitored photothermal nanoparticles based on core-shell engineering. Nanoscale. 2016;8:3057-66 pubmed publisher
  24. Kagomiya I, Yamada Y, Kakimoto K, Ohsato H. Microwave dielectric properties of Na(x)Nd((2-x)/3)TiO(3) solid solutions. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2008;55:2582-5 pubmed publisher
    ..05 to 0.2, suggesting that the Q x f of the Na(x)Nd((2-x)/3)TiO(3) solid solutions depends on the compositional ordering in A-sites...
  25. Atria A, Mora M, Garland M, Baggio R. Three isomorphous Ln complexes: {[Ln2(bt)6(bno)(H2O)4].bno}n) (bt is but-2-enoate and bno is 4,4'-bipyridyl N,N'-dioxide), with Ln = Nd, Er and Y. Acta Crystallogr C. 2007;63:m490-3 pubmed
    ..catena-poly[[[di-mu-but-2-enoato-kappa(3)O:O,O';kappa(3)O,O':O'-bis[diaquadibut-2-enoato-kappaO;kappa(2)O,O'-neodymium(III)]]-mu-4,4'-bipyridyl N,N'-dioxide-kappa(2)O:O'] 4,4'-bipyridyl N,N'-dioxide solvate] and the erbium(III) and ..
  26. Hissler C, Stille P, Krein A, Geagea M, Perrone T, Probst J, et al. Identifying the origins of local atmospheric deposition in the steel industry basin of Luxembourg using the chemical and isotopic composition of the lichen Xanthoria parietina. Sci Total Environ. 2008;405:338-44 pubmed publisher
    ..The correlation between the Sr and Nd isotope ratios indicated that the Sr-Nd isotope systems represented useful tools to trace atmospheric emissions of factories using scrap metal for steel production...
  27. Duan L, Zhao Y, Yang B. Spectral studies on the interaction of yttrium ion with the ligands of phenolic groups: N,N'-Ethylenebis[2-(o-hydroxyphenolic)glycine] and N,N'-di(2-hydroxybenzyl)ethylenediamine-N,N'-diacetic acid. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2007;68:165-8 pubmed
    ..07 +/- 0.32 and logK(Y-HBED) = 15.18 +/- 0.26, respectively. However, the effects of yttrium binding on the fluorescence intensity of EHPG and HBED are quite different, the former showing a decrease but the latter an increase...
  28. Noguchi T, Sanaoka A, Fukuda M, Suzuki S, Aoki T. Combined effects of Nd:YAG laser irradiation with local antibiotic application into periodontal pockets. J Int Acad Periodontol. 2005;7:8-15 pubmed
    ..These results showed that Nd:YAG laser irradiation plus local minocycline provides a much greater reduction in PPD, CAL and the amount of periodontopathogenic bacteria than laser irradiation alone in periodontitis patients...
  29. Sjöström L, Friskopp J. Laser treatment as an adjunct to debridement of periodontal pockets. Swed Dent J. 2002;26:51-7 pubmed
    ..Thin calculus deposits were very easy to remove with hand instruments after lasing. The hemostatic effect of the laser may be an asset when performing periodontal scaling in individuals with a compromised coagulation mechanism...
  30. Gaultois M, Barton P, Birkel C, Misch L, Rodriguez E, Stucky G, et al. Structural disorder, magnetism, and electrical and thermoelectric properties of pyrochlore Nd2Ru2O7. J Phys Condens Matter. 2013;25:186004 pubmed publisher
    ..A method for screening candidate thermoelectrics is suggested...
  31. Khan A, Hussain H, Iftikhar K. 4f-4f absorption spectra of nine-coordinate Pr (III) and Nd (III) complexes in different environments. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2003;59:1051-9 pubmed
    ..Pyridine has been found most effective in promoting 4f-4f intensity and the increase in the oscillator strength in this solvent is due to dynamic ligand polarization mechanism...
  32. Xin P, Shuang Lin Z, Jun Yao H, Li D. Influence of rare earth elements on metabolism and related enzyme activity and isozyme expression in Tetrastigma hemsleyanum cell suspension cultures. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2013;152:82-90 pubmed publisher
    ..hemsleyanum suspension cells, and stimulate flavonoid accumulation by inducing PAL activity...
  33. Sheng Q, Ding X, Shang C, Li B, Fan C, Zhang H, et al. Continuous-wave intra-cavity singly resonant optical parametric oscillator with resonant wave output coupling. Opt Express. 2012;20:27953-8 pubmed publisher
    ..2%. The resonant wave out coupling significantly levels up the upper limit for the power range where the ICSRO exhibits high efficiency, without impeding its advantage of low threshold...
  34. Yamada M, Watari F. Imaging and non-contact profile analysis of Nd:YAG laser-irradiated teeth by scanning electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy. Dent Mater J. 2003;22:556-68 pubmed
    ..Both SEM and CLSM provided a non-contact evaluation of tooth structural change by laser irradiation through surface analysis in selected micro areas, which was not possible using the stylus profilometer...
  35. Kimura Y, Yonaga K, Murakoshi M, Yokoyama K, Watanabe H, Matsumoto K. Effects on periradicular periodontal tissues of root canal irradiation with Er:YAG laser in rats. Photomed Laser Surg. 2004;22:335-41 pubmed
    ..The effects of Er:YAG laser irradiation on the periodontal region during root canal preparation were evaluated using rats histopathologically...
  36. Ulrich H, Bäumler W, Hohenleutner U, Landthaler M. Neodymium-YAG Laser for hemangiomas and vascular malformations -- long term results. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges. 2005;3:436-40 pubmed
    ..Hemangiomas and vascular malformations are the most common vascular lesions of infancy. Different lasers can be used for treatment. Nd:YAG laser photocoagulation is particularly effective because of its deep penetration into tissue...
  37. Baggio R, Calvo R, Garland M, Peña O, Perec M, Rizzi A. Gadolinium and neodymium citrates: evidence for weak ferromagnetic exchange between gadolinium(III) cations. Inorg Chem. 2005;44:8979-87 pubmed
    ..The g factor of this ground-state doublet is calculated from the data and compared with values for other compounds reported in the literature...
  38. Ascencio J, Canizal G, Medina Flores A, Bejar L, Tavera L, Matamoros H, et al. Neodymium nanoparticles: biosynthesis and structural analysis. J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2006;6:1044-9 pubmed
    Small metallic nanoparticles of neodymium are obtained by a facile route based on the biosynthesis and the pH conditions that demonstrate the possibility of obtaining particles of 1-8 nm. The size is controlled by synthesis conditions...
  39. Bayrakceken F, Demir O, Karaaslan I. Specific heat functions for the orthorhombic Nd3+ in scheelite type of crystals. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2007;66:1291-4 pubmed
  40. Siltanen M, Vainio M, Halonen L. Pump-tunable continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator from 2.5 to 4.4 microm. Opt Express. 2010;18:14087-92 pubmed publisher
    ..4 to 4.4 microm and scanned up to 40 GHz without mode-hops by only changing the pump beam wavelength. Spectroscopic capability is demonstrated by measuring parts of the photoacoustic absorption spectrum of NH(3) near 3196 cm(-1)...
  41. Miller J, Yu P, Cringle S, Yu D. Laser-fiber system for ablation of intraocular tissue using the fourth harmonic of a pulsed Nd:YAG laser. Appl Opt. 2007;46:413-20 pubmed
    ..5 and 8 J/cm(2). Ablation of ocular tissue was demonstrated using fluences of 1.0 and 0.4 J/cm(2). The delivery system has the potential for use in intraocular surgical procedures...
  42. Murakami Y, Hossain M, Wang X, Okano T, Matsumoto K. Pulsed Nd:YAG laser effect on eruption of rat mandibular incisors following disturbance of the enamel organ in the pulp. Lasers Med Sci. 2005;20:95-8 pubmed
    We investigated the effects of pulsed neodymium:yttrium-aluminium-garnet (Nd:YAG) laser irradiation time on the eruption of 56 mandibular incisors in 28 rats. Clinically, some incisors erupted and the others did not...
  43. Das P, Ghosh A, Das A. Unusual specificity of a receptor for Nd3+ among other lanthanide ions for selective colorimetric recognition. Inorg Chem. 2010;49:6909-16 pubmed publisher
    ..The remarkable specificity of L(1) for Nd(3+), constitutes a rare example of a highly selective receptor for this ion in the presence of excess of all other lanthanide ions...
  44. Huidrom B, Ranjana Devi N, Singh T, Singh N. Studies on the complexation of neodymium(III) ion with 1,2,4-1H-triazole and 1,2,3-benzotriazole in absence and presence of calcium(II) ion in aqueous and some selected different aquated organic solvents by an absorption spectroscopy involving 4f-4f . Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2012;85:127-33 pubmed publisher
    The absorption spectra of trivalent neodymium ion with 1,2,4-1H-triazole and 1,2,3-benzotriazole in absence and presence of calcium(II) ion in aqueous and some selected different aquated organic solvents have been recorded in the visible ..
  45. Chen R, Chen J, Cheng S, Qin J, Li W, Zhang L, et al. Assessment of embryotoxicity of compounds in cosmetics by the embryonic stem cell test. Toxicol Mech Methods. 2010;20:112-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, six selected compounds (hydroquinone, eugenol, dibutyl phthalate, antimony (III) oxide, neodymium (III) nitrate hydrate, melamine) formerly involved in cosmetic products were selected to test their embryotoxic ..
  46. Liu S, Lei P, Cao Z, Lv Y, Li J, Cui X. Nonsuture anastomosis of arteries and veins using the magnetic pinned-ring device: a histologic and scanning electron microscopic study. Ann Vasc Surg. 2012;26:985-95 pubmed publisher
    ..The goal of this study was to evaluate the performance of the magnetic pinned-ring device for nonsuture vascular anastomosis...
  47. Mierzwinski J, Zwierz A, Jaworski A, Redziński R, Bandrowicz W, Dalke K, et al. [The use of Nd-Yag laser in the treatment of tracheal tumor in 14 years old child with mukopolisacharydosis type II]. Otolaryngol Pol. 2006;60:603-6 pubmed
    ..We discuss the possibility of treatment and our results--improvement in patient's symptomatic and functional status...
  48. Ansari A, Irfanullah M, Iftikhar K. Optical absorption and NMR spectroscopic studies on paramagnetic neodymium(III) complexes with beta-diketone and heterocyclic amines. The environment effect on 4f-4f hypersensitive transitions. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2007;67:1178-88 pubmed
    ..The NMR signals of heterocyclic amines have been shifted to high fields while the resonances due to acetylacetone moiety have moved to low fields. The paramagnetic shift in the complexes is dipolar in nature...
  49. Weston A, Sharma P. Neodymium:yttrium-aluminum garnet contact laser ablation of Barrett's high grade dysplasia and early adenocarcinoma. Am J Gastroenterol. 2002;97:2998-3006 pubmed
    We describe the efficacy and safety of neodymium:yttrium-aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) contact laser ablation of Barrett's high grade dysplasia (HGD) and/or early adenocarcinoma.
  50. Jensen M, Yaita T, Chiarizia R. Reverse-micelle formation in the partitioning of trivalent F-element cations by biphasic systems containing a tetraalkyldiglycolamide. Langmuir. 2007;23:4765-74 pubmed
  51. Blankenstein F, Truong B, Thomas A, Boeckler A, Peroz I. [Influence on flux density of intraoral dental magnets during 1.5 and 3.0 tesla MRI]. Rofo. 2011;183:727-34 pubmed publisher
    ..The goal of this paper is to identify the impacts of the duration and orientation of exposure on these magnets in a 1.5 or 3 Tesla MRI...
  52. Rho Y, Kim B, Kim M, Kang K, Han H. Laser lipolysis with pulsed 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser for the treatment of gynecomastia. Int J Dermatol. 2009;48:1353-9 pubmed publisher
    ..A 1064 nm neodynium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser lipolysis was investigated in this study to evaluate its efficacy and safety in the treatment of gynecomastia...
  53. Li N, Duan Y, Zhou M, Liu C, Hong F. The effects of lanthanoid on the structure–function of lactate dehydrogenase from mice heart. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2009;132:164-75 pubmed publisher
    ..It implied that the changes of structure-function on LDH caused by Ln3+ were closely related to the characteristics of 4f electron shell and alternation valence in Ln...