erbium

Summary

Summary: Erbium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Er, atomic number 68, and atomic weight 167.26.

Top Publications

  1. Luo Z, Zhou M, Weng J, Huang G, Xu H, Ye C, et al. Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser. Opt Lett. 2010;35:3709-11 pubmed
    We demonstrate a compact Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber (EDF) laser based on graphene as a saturable absorber (SA)...
  2. Secilmis A, Usumez A, Usumez S, Berk G. Evaluation of mineral content of enamel prepared by erbium, chromium:yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet laser. Lasers Med Sci. 2010;25:467-72 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the mineral content of enamel etched at two different power settings with an erbium, chromium:yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser...
  3. Lee W, Shen S, Liu C, Fang C, Hu C, Fang J. Erbium:YAG laser-mediated oligonucleotide and DNA delivery via the skin: an animal study. J Control Release. 2006;115:344-53 pubmed
    ..The objective of this study was to enhance and optimize the skin absorption of gene-based drugs by an erbium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) laser. The animal model utilized nude mice...
  4. Yang Y, Chaney C, Fried N. Erbium:YAG laser lithotripsy using hybrid germanium/silica optical fibers. J Endourol. 2004;18:830-5 pubmed
    Previous studies have demonstrated that the erbium:YAG laser is two to three times more efficient for laser lithotripsy than the holmium:YAG laser...
  5. Apel C, Meister J, Gotz H, Duschner H, Gutknecht N. Structural changes in human dental enamel after subablative erbium laser irradiation and its potential use for caries prevention. Caries Res. 2005;39:65-70 pubmed
    Numerous studies have confirmed the potential of erbium laser irradiation for increasing the acid resistance of dental enamel...
  6. Goon P, Dalal M, Peart F. The gold standard for decortication of rhinophyma: combined erbium-YAG/CO2 laser. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2004;28:456-60 pubmed
    ..All these techniques have disadvantages that are resolved by using the combined erbium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG)/CO(2) laser...
  7. Feist I, De Micheli G, Carneiro S, Eduardo C, Miyagi S, Marques M. Adhesion and growth of cultured human gingival fibroblasts on periodontally involved root surfaces treated by Er:YAG laser. J Periodontol. 2003;74:1368-75 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to analyze the biocompatibility of root surfaces treated by Er:YAG laser...
  8. Fang J, Lee W, Shen S, Fang Y, Hu C. Enhancement of topical 5-aminolaevulinic acid delivery by erbium:YAG laser and microdermabrasion: a comparison with iontophoresis and electroporation. Br J Dermatol. 2004;151:132-40 pubmed
    ..However, the permeability of hydrophilic ALA across the skin is very low...
  9. Tsai T, Fang Y, Hung S. Passively Q-switched erbium all-fiber lasers by use of thulium-doped saturable-absorber fibers. Opt Express. 2010;18:10049-54 pubmed publisher
    We demonstrate all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium lasers at 1570 nm using Tm(3+)-doped saturable-absorber fibers. The absorption cross section of a Tm(3+)-doped fiber at 1570 nm was measured in a bleaching experiment to be about 1...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Kim J, Kwon O, Kim H, Kwon Y. Acid resistance of erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser-treated and phosphoric acid-etched enamels. Angle Orthod. 2006;76:1052-6 pubmed
    To compare the effects of erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser ablation and of phosphoric acid etching on the in vitro acid resistance of bovine enamel.
  2. Abu Serriah M, Critchlow H, Whitters C, Ayoub A. Removal of partially erupted third molars using an Erbium (Er):YAG laser: a randomised controlled clinical trial. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2004;42:203-8 pubmed
    We compared Erbium (Er):YAG laser with a surgical bur for removal of partially erupted lower third molars. Patients were randomised to be treated by either laser or bur. A total of 42 patients (laser = 22; bur = 20) were treated...
  3. Lee C. A new method to harvest ramus bone using the erbium, chromium:yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet laser. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2005;63:879-82 pubmed
  4. Trajtenberg C, Pereira P, Powers J. Resin bond strength and micromorphology of human teeth prepared with an Erbium:YAG laser. Am J Dent. 2004;17:331-6 pubmed
  5. Bechara F, Jansen T, Wilmert M, Altmeyer P, Hoffmann K. Angiokeratoma Fordyce of the glans penis: combined treatment with erbium: YAG and 532 nm KTP (frequency doubled neodynium: YAG) laser. J Dermatol. 2004;31:943-5 pubmed
    ..Combined treatment with Erbium: YAG and 532 nm KTP (frequency doubled Neodynium: YAG) laser led to excellent cosmetic results.
  6. van As G. Erbium lasers in dentistry. Dent Clin North Am. 2004;48:1017-59, viii pubmed
    b>Erbium hard tissue lasers have the capability to prepare enamel, dentin, caries, cementum, and bone in addition to cutting soft tissue...
  7. Eberlein A, Schepler H, Spilker G, Altmeyer P, Hartmann B. Erbium:YAG laser treatment of post-burn scars: potentials and limitations. Burns. 2005;31:15-24 pubmed
    b>Erbium:YAG lasers are successfully used to treat a variety of epidermal and dermal lesions, including rhytides, dyschromias, and certain types of scars...
  8. Fried N, Yang Y, Chaney C, Fried D. Transmission of Q-switched erbium:YSGG (lambda=2.79 microm) and erbium:YAG (lambda=2.94 microm) laser radiation through germanium oxide and sapphire optical fibres at high pulse energies. Lasers Med Sci. 2004;19:155-60 pubmed
    The erbium:YSGG and erbium:YAG lasers are used for tissue ablation in dermatology, dentistry and ophthalmology...
  9. Fournier N, Mordon S. Nonablative remodeling with a 1,540 nm erbium:glass laser. Dermatol Surg. 2005;31:1227-35; discussion 1236 pubmed
    ..This technique could greatly benefit the increasing numbers of patients who are looking for new and efficient techniques, with a minimum of discomfort...
  10. Theodoro L, Sampaio J, Haypek P, Bachmann L, Zezell D, Garcia V. Effect of Er:YAG and Diode lasers on the adhesion of blood components and on the morphology of irradiated root surfaces. J Periodontal Res. 2006;41:381-90 pubmed
    ..94 microm) and GaAlAs Diode (808 nm) lasers and the effects on the morphology of irradiated root surfaces...
  11. Xu R, Tian Y, Hu L, Zhang J. Enhanced emission of 2.7 ?m pumped by laser diode from Er3+/Pr(3+)-codoped germanate glasses. Opt Lett. 2011;36:1173-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Large ET efficiency of 95% indicates that the ET process from Er(3+) to Pr(3+) (?I(13/2), ³H?)?(?I(15/2), ³F?) is efficient and that Pr(3+) can enhance the emission of 2.7 ?m by quenching the lower laser level of Er(3+) via ET...
  12. Theodoro L, Haypek P, Bachmann L, Garcia V, Sampaio J, Zezell D, et al. Effect of ER:YAG and diode laser irradiation on the root surface: morphological and thermal analysis. J Periodontol. 2003;74:838-43 pubmed
    ..The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of Er:YAG and diode laser treatments of the root surface on intrapulpal temperature after scaling and root planing with hand instruments...
  13. Gordon W, Atabakhsh V, Meza F, Doms A, Nissan R, Rizoiu I, et al. The antimicrobial efficacy of the erbium, chromium:yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet laser with radial emitting tips on root canal dentin walls infected with Enterococcus faecalis. J Am Dent Assoc. 2007;138:992-1002 pubmed
    The authors used an in vitro model to investigate the ability of an erbium, chromium:yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser with radial emitting tips to disinfect Enterococcus faecalis-infected dentin.
  14. Zhang H, Xu D, Huang Y, Duan X. Highly spectral dependent enhancement of upconversion emission with sputtered gold island films. Chem Commun (Camb). 2011;47:979-81 pubmed publisher
  15. Schoop U, Goharkhay K, Klimscha J, Zagler M, Wernisch J, Georgopoulos A, et al. The use of the erbium, chromium:yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet laser in endodontic treatment: the results of an in vitro study. J Am Dent Assoc. 2007;138:949-55 pubmed
    The use of the erbium, chromium:yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser has become accepted in the field of cavity preparation...
  16. Margolis F. The erbium laser: the "Star Wars" of dentistry. Alpha Omegan. 2006;99:128-31 pubmed
  17. Azzeh M. Treatment of gingival hyperpigmentation by erbium-doped:yttrium, aluminum, and garnet laser for esthetic purposes. J Periodontol. 2007;78:177-84 pubmed
    ..Methods to remove gingival hyperpigmentation vary, but it seems that the most reliable and satisfactory procedure is laser ablation...
  18. Basaran G, Ozer T, Berk N, Hamamci O. Etching enamel for orthodontics with an erbium, chromium:yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet laser system. Angle Orthod. 2007;77:117-23 pubmed
    ..bond strength, surface characteristics, and fracture mode of brackets that are bonded to enamel etched with an erbium, chromium:yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser operated at different power outputs: 0...
  19. Chen G, Ohulchanskyy T, Kachynski A, Agren H, Prasad P. Intense visible and near-infrared upconversion photoluminescence in colloidal LiYF?:Er³+ nanocrystals under excitation at 1490 nm. ACS Nano. 2011;5:4981-6 pubmed publisher
    ..A power dependence study revealed that the intensities of all PL bands have linear dependence on the excitation power density, which was explained by saturation effects in the intermediate energy states...
  20. Lin H, Chen D, Yu Y, Yang A, Wang Y. Enhanced mid-infrared emissions of Er3+ at 2.7 ?m via Nd3+ sensitization in chalcohalide glass. Opt Lett. 2011;36:1815-7 pubmed publisher
    ..66×10(-20) cm(2)) and the gain property of the Er(3+):(4)I(11/2)?(4)I(13/2) transition is discussed. Hopefully, the materials studied here may find potential applications in the fields of fiber amplifiers and mid-IR lasers...
  21. Dierickx C, Khatri K, Tannous Z, Childs J, Cohen R, Erofeev A, et al. Micro-fractional ablative skin resurfacing with two novel erbium laser systems. Lasers Surg Med. 2008;40:113-23 pubmed publisher
    Fractional ablation offers the potential benefits of full-surface ablative skin resurfacing while minimizing adverse effects. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety, damage profile, and efficacy of erbium fractional lasers.
  22. Shen S, Lee W, Fang Y, Hu C, Fang J. In vitro percutaneous absorption and in vivo protoporphyrin IX accumulation in skin and tumors after topical 5-aminolevulinic acid application with enhancement using an erbium:YAG laser. J Pharm Sci. 2006;95:929-38 pubmed
    ..to determine the in vivo kinetics of PpIX generation in mouse tissues after topical ALA application enhanced by an erbium (Er):yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG) laser...
  23. Thomas J, Myara M, Troussellier L, Burov E, Pastouret A, Boivin D, et al. Radiation-resistant erbium-doped-nanoparticles optical fiber for space applications. Opt Express. 2012;20:2435-44 pubmed publisher
    We demonstrate for the first time a radiation-resistant Erbium-Doped Fiber exhibiting performances that can fill the requirements of Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers for space applications...
  24. Wattanakrai P, Pootongkam S, Rojhirunsakool S. Periorbital rejuvenation with fractional 1,550-nm ytterbium/erbium fiber laser and variable square pulse 2,940-nm erbium:YAG laser in Asians: a comparison study. Dermatol Surg. 2012;38:610-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Ablative and fractional lasers are used for periorbital rejuvenation, with different downtime, side effects, and efficacy...
  25. Kim H, Kim T, Kwon Y, Park J, Lee J. Comparison of a 1,550 nm Erbium: glass fractional laser and a chemical reconstruction of skin scars (CROSS) method in the treatment of acne scars: a simultaneous split-face trial. Lasers Surg Med. 2009;41:545-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To compare the efficacy of 1,550 nm Er:Glass fractional laser and chemical reconstruction of skin scar (CROSS) method in the treatment of acne scars...
  26. Tal H, Oegiesser D, Tal M. Gingival depigmentation by erbium:YAG laser: clinical observations and patient responses. J Periodontol. 2003;74:1660-7 pubmed
    ..Gingival depigmentation has been carried out using non-surgical and surgical procedures. Recently, laser ablation has been recognized as a most effective, pleasant and reliable technique...
  27. Ishikawa I, Aoki A, Takasaki A. Potential applications of Erbium:YAG laser in periodontics. J Periodontal Res. 2004;39:275-85 pubmed
    ..The Erbium:YAG (Er:YAG) laser was approved in 1997 for hard tissue treatment in dentistry and recent studies have reported ..
  28. Cho S, Lee S, Cho S, Oh S, Chung W, Kang J, et al. Non-ablative 1550-nm erbium-glass and ablative 10 600-nm carbon dioxide fractional lasers for acne scars: a randomized split-face study with blinded response evaluation. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2010;24:921-5 pubmed publisher
    Non-ablative 1550-nm erbium-doped fractional photothermolysis systems (FPS) and 10 600-nm carbon dioxide fractional laser systems (CO(2) FS) have been effectively used to treat scars.
  29. Fang J, Lee W, Shen S, Wang H, Fang C, Hu C. Transdermal delivery of macromolecules by erbium:YAG laser. J Control Release. 2004;100:75-85 pubmed
    ..of this study was to assess the effect of molecular weight (MW) on the transdermal delivery of macromolecules by erbium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) laser treatment...
  30. Fitzpatrick R, Rostan E, Marchell N. Collagen tightening induced by carbon dioxide laser versus erbium: YAG laser. Lasers Surg Med. 2000;27:395-403 pubmed
    ..tightening seen in CO2 laser resurfacing, then equal results would be expected from resurfacing with either CO2 or erbium lasers...
  31. Gambichler T, Wolter M, Altmeyer P, Hoffman K. Treatment of Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome with erbium:YAG laser. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2000;43:856-8 pubmed
    ..The patient was treated with an erbium:YAG laser...
  32. Aoki A, Miura M, Akiyama F, Nakagawa N, Tanaka J, Oda S, et al. In vitro evaluation of Er:YAG laser scaling of subgingival calculus in comparison with ultrasonic scaling. J Periodontal Res. 2000;35:266-77 pubmed
    ..The laser scaling provided a level of calculus removal that was similar to that provided by the ultrasonic scaling. However, the Er:YAG laser produced superficial, structural and thermal microchanges on the root cementum...
  33. Roebuck E, Whitters C, Saunders W. The influence of three Erbium:YAG laser energies on the in vitro microleakage of Class V compomer resin restorations. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2001;11:49-56 pubmed
    To investigate the influence of three Erbium:YAG pulse energies (200 mJ, 240 mJ, and 300 mJ with a 100 mJ dentine finish) on the microleakage of Class V compomer restorations (Compoglass).
  34. Yamazaki R, Goya C, Yu D, Kimura Y, Matsumoto K. Effects of erbium,chromium:YSGG laser irradiation on root canal walls: a scanning electron microscopic and thermographic study. J Endod. 2001;27:9-12 pubmed
    ..changes in root canal walls and temperature changes at root surfaces as a result of intracanal irradiation by erbium,chromium:YSGG laser under various conditions in vitro. Sixty single-rooted human teeth were examined...
  35. Clarkson D. A review of technology and safety aspects of erbium lasers in dentistry. Dent Update. 2001;28:298-302 pubmed
    This article reviews aspects of the probable mechanisms used by erbium dental lasers for cutting dentine and enamel, describes key issues of the risk of temperature elevation and speed of cutting relative to conventional techniques and ..
  36. Kimura Y, Yu D, Fujita A, Yamashita A, Murakami Y, Matsumoto K. Effects of erbium,chromium:YSGG laser irradiation on canine mandibular bone. J Periodontol. 2001;72:1178-82 pubmed
    Only relatively few reports have described the morphological effects on bone produced by erbium,chromium: yttrium,scandium,gallium,garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser irradiation, and none has investigated the atomic changes or estimated the ..
  37. Reynolds N, Cawrse N, Burge T, Kenealy J. Debridement of a mixed partial and full thickness burn with an erbium:YAG laser. Burns. 2003;29:183-8 pubmed
  38. Ross E, McKinlay J, Sajben F, Miller C, Barnette D, Meehan K, et al. Use of a novel erbium laser in a Yucatan minipig: a study of residual thermal damage, ablation, and wound healing as a function of pulse duration. Lasers Surg Med. 2002;30:93-100 pubmed
    Theoretical models show that varying pulse duration influences residual thermal damage in erbium YAG skin resurfacing...
  39. Tal H, Oelgiessr D, Tal M. [Gingival depigmentation for aesthetic purposes using erbium:YAG laser: rationale and technique]. Refuat Hapeh Vehashinayim (1993). 2002;19:25-32, 69 pubmed
    ..CO2, Nd:YAG and Erbium:YAG lasers, meeting most of these requirements and being available in the dental office, seems to be the lasers of ..
  40. Hoerauf H, Brix A, Scholz C, Winkler J, Dröge G, Birngruber R, et al. [Retinal photoablation with the Erbium:YAG laser. Initial experimental results for traction-free removal of tissue]. Ophthalmologe. 2003;100:115-21 pubmed
    ..To investigate the potential of an Er:YAG laser for precise and traction-free removal of retinal layers in vitro...
  41. Gobel D, Gratz S, von Rothkirch T, Becker W. [Chronic polyarthritis and radiosynoviorthesis: a prospective, controlled study of injection therapy with erbium 169 and rhenium 186]. Z Rheumatol. 1997;56:207-13 pubmed
    The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the efficiency of radiation synovectomy with rhenium-186 or erbium-169 in rheumatoid arthritis. In the control groups articulosynovitis was treated by injection of triamcinolonhexacetonid...
  42. Folwaczny M, Mehl A, Haffner C, Benz C, Hickel R. Root substance removal with Er:YAG laser radiation at different parameters using a new delivery system. J Periodontol. 2000;71:147-55 pubmed
    ..The present in vitro study attempted to evaluate the use of Er:YAG laser radiation in combination with a specially developed delivery system in removing calculus from root surfaces...
  43. Mou C, Sergeyev S, Rozhin A, Turistyn S. All-fiber polarization locked vector soliton laser using carbon nanotubes. Opt Lett. 2011;36:3831-3 pubmed publisher
    We report an all-fiber mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) employing carbon nanotube (CNT) polymer composite film...
  44. Song S, Kuang Y, Liu J, Yang Q, Luo L, Sun X. Separation and phase transition investigation of Yb3+/Er3+ co-doped NaYF4 nanoparticles. Dalton Trans. 2013;42:13315-8 pubmed publisher
  45. Li Y, Xi Y, Li X, Huang W. A single-mode laser based on asymmetric Bragg reflection waveguides. Opt Express. 2009;17:11179-86 pubmed
    ..Guidance properties and threshold conditions are examined to verify the design procedure and performance feasibility for the single oscillation mode laser...
  46. Shan J, Ju Y. A single-step synthesis and the kinetic mechanism for monodisperse and hexagonal-phase NaYF4:Yb, Er upconversion nanophosphors. Nanotechnology. 2009;20:275603 pubmed publisher
    ..The study of UC luminescence showed that the UC intensity was proportional to the sizes of the beta-UCNPs...
  47. Qian Q, Zhao C, Yang G, Yang Z, Zhang Q, Jiang Z. Thermal stability and spectroscopic properties of Er3+-doped antimony-borosilicate glasses. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2008;71:280-5 pubmed publisher
    ..30 ms, respectively. It is noted that the product of the emission cross-section and FWHM of the glass studied is as great as 567 x 10(-21) cm2 nm, which is comparable or higher than that of bismuthate and tellurite glasses...
  48. Lee H, Kang H, Teichman J, Oh J, Welch A. Urinary calculus fragmentation during Ho: YAG and Er:YAG lithotripsy. Lasers Surg Med. 2006;38:39-51 pubmed
    ..We tested Ho:YAG and Er:YAG laser ablation of human urinary calculi to determine if Er:YAG is a more efficient lithotripsy device...
  49. Lee G, Lee S, Kim W. The effect of a 1550 nm fractional erbium-glass laser in female pattern hair loss. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2011;25:1450-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Affected women may experience psychological distress and social withdrawal. A variety of laser and light sources have been tried for treatment of hair loss, and some success has been reported...
  50. Liao M, Hu L, Fang Y, Zhang J, Sun H, Xu S, et al. Upconversion properties of Er3+, Yb3+ and Tm3+ codoped fluorophosphate glasses. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2007;68:531-5 pubmed
    ..This research may provide useful information for the development of high color and spatial resolution devices and white light simulation...
  51. Vuong Q, Van Doorslaer S, Bridot J, Argante C, Alejandro G, Hermann R, et al. Paramagnetic nanoparticles as potential MRI contrast agents: characterization, NMR relaxation, simulations and theory. MAGMA. 2012;25:467-78 pubmed publisher
    ..They could become an interesting alternative to iron oxide particles. However, their relaxation properties are not well understood...
  52. Chen J, Sun D, Luo J, Xiao J, Kang H, Zhang H, et al. Spectroscopic, diode-pumped laser properties and gamma irradiation effect on Yb, Er, Ho:GYSGG crystals. Opt Lett. 2013;38:1218-20 pubmed publisher
    ..The laser properties are only slightly influenced by 100 mrad gamma irradiation. The Yb, Er, Ho:GYSGG crystal possesses excellent radiation resistance and is a potential laser gain medium in radiant environments...
  53. Khatri K. Ablation of cutaneous lesions using an erbium:YAG laser. J Cosmet Laser Ther. 2003;5:150-3 pubmed
    This study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of erbium:YAG laser in removal of cutaneous lesions.