neon

Summary

Summary: A noble gas with the atomic symbol Ne, atomic number 10, and atomic weight 20.18. It is found in the earth's crust and atmosphere as an inert, odorless gas and is used in vacuum tubes and incandescent lamps.

Top Publications

  1. Schwartz F, Brodie C, Appel E, Kazimirsky G, Shainberg A. Effect of helium/neon laser irradiation on nerve growth factor synthesis and secretion in skeletal muscle cultures. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2002;66:195-200 pubmed
    ..001) after helium/neon irradiation (633 nm) with an energy of 3 J/cm(2)...
  2. Pauzat F, Ellinger Y, Pilme J, Mousis O. H3(+) as a trap for noble gases-3: multiple trapping of neon, argon, and krypton in X(n)H3(+) (n = 1-3). J Chem Phys. 2009;130:174313 pubmed publisher
    ..with more than one noble gas (X(n)H(3)(+) up to n = 3) has been investigated for noble gases X ranging from neon to krypton...
  3. Mi X, Chen J, Liang Z, Zhou L. In vitro effects of helium-neon laser irradiation on human blood: blood viscosity and deformability of erythrocytes. Photomed Laser Surg. 2004;22:477-82 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the in vitro effects of He-Ne laser irradiation on some rheological factors of human blood, such as blood viscosity, erythrocyte deformability, and sedimentation rate...
  4. Yokota Y, Yamada S, Hase Y, Shikazono N, Narumi I, Tanaka A, et al. Initial yields of DNA double-strand breaks and DNA Fragmentation patterns depend on linear energy transfer in tobacco BY-2 protoplasts irradiated with helium, carbon and neon ions. Radiat Res. 2007;167:94-101 pubmed
    ..Tobacco BY-2 protoplasts, as a model of single plant cells, were irradiated with helium, carbon and neon ions having different LETs and with gamma rays...
  5. Lan C, Wu C, Chiou M, Hsieh P, Yu H. Low-energy helium-neon laser induces locomotion of the immature melanoblasts and promotes melanogenesis of the more differentiated melanoblasts: recapitulation of vitiligo repigmentation in vitro. J Invest Dermatol. 2006;126:2119-26 pubmed
    Helium-neon laser (He-Ne Laser, 632.8 nm) is a low-energy laser that has therapeutic efficacy on various clinical conditions...
  6. Hemvani N, Chitnis D, Bhagwanani N. Helium-neon and nitrogen laser irradiation accelerates the phagocytic activity of human monocytes. Photomed Laser Surg. 2005;23:571-4 pubmed
    ..The aim was to check intracellular survival of Mycobacterium fortuitum within the human monocytes exposed to He-Ne and nitrogen laser irradiation...
  7. Greco M, Vacca R, Moro L, Perlino E, Petragallo V, Marra E, et al. Helium-Neon laser irradiation of hepatocytes can trigger increase of the mitochondrial membrane potential and can stimulate c-fos expression in a Ca2+-dependent manner. Lasers Surg Med. 2001;29:433-41 pubmed
    To gain some insight into the photostimulation of isolated hepatocytes irradiated with Helium-Neon (He-Ne) laser light certain biochemical events were studied with respect to two mechanisms: i) the direct light dependent activation of ..
  8. Hawkins D, Abrahamse H. Biological effects of helium-neon laser irradiation on normal and wounded human skin fibroblasts. Photomed Laser Surg. 2005;23:251-9 pubmed
    ..This study aimed to investigate a number of structural, cellular, and molecular responses to heliumneon (632.8 nm) laser irradiation following a single dose of 0.5, 2.5, 5, or 10 J/cm2 on normal and wounded human skin fibroblasts...
  9. Pinfildi C, Liebano R, Hochman B, Ferreira L. Helium-neon laser in viability of random skin flap in rats. Lasers Surg Med. 2005;37:74-7 pubmed
    The purpose of this study was to determine the role of helium-neon (He-Ne) laser random skin flap viability in rats.

More Information

Publications62

  1. Yu H, Wu C, Yu C, Kao Y, Chiou M. Helium-neon laser irradiation stimulates migration and proliferation in melanocytes and induces repigmentation in segmental-type vitiligo. J Invest Dermatol. 2003;120:56-64 pubmed
    Low-energy helium-neon lasers (632.8 nm) have been employed in a variety of clinical treatments including vitiligo management...
  2. Lan C, Wu C, Chiou M, Chiang T, Yu H. Low-energy helium-neon laser induces melanocyte proliferation via interaction with type IV collagen: visible light as a therapeutic option for vitiligo. Br J Dermatol. 2009;161:273-80 pubmed publisher
    The treatment of vitiligo remains a challenge for clinical dermatologists. We have previously shown that the helium-neon laser (He-Ne laser, 632.8 nm) is a therapeutic option for treatment of this depigmentary disorder.
  3. Lin Y, Huang M, Chai C, Yang R. Effects of helium-neon laser on levels of stress protein and arthritic histopathology in experimental osteoarthritis. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2004;83:758-65 pubmed
    ..To investigate the effect of low-power laser therapy on levels of stress proteins (SPs) in experimental arthritis and their relation to the bioeffects on arthritic cartilage repair...
  4. Hu W, Wang J, Yu C, Lan C, Chen G, Yu H. Helium-neon laser irradiation stimulates cell proliferation through photostimulatory effects in mitochondria. J Invest Dermatol. 2007;127:2048-57 pubmed
    ..Recent evidence indicates that cellular proliferation could be triggered by the interaction of a helium-neon laser (He-Ne laser, 632.8 nm) with the mitochondrial photoacceptor-cytochrome c oxidase...
  5. Houreld N, Abrahamse H. Effectiveness of helium-neon laser irradiation on viability and cytotoxicity of diabetic-wounded fibroblast cells. Photomed Laser Surg. 2007;25:474-81 pubmed
    This study investigated the effectiveness of helium-neon (He-Ne) laser irradiation at increasing intervals on diabetic-induced wounded human skin fibroblast cells (WS1) at a morphological, cellular, and molecular level.
  6. Hawkins D, Abrahamse H. The role of laser fluence in cell viability, proliferation, and membrane integrity of wounded human skin fibroblasts following helium-neon laser irradiation. Lasers Surg Med. 2006;38:74-83 pubmed
    ..This study aimed to establish cellular responses to Helium-Neon (632.8 nm) laser irradiation using different laser fluences (0.5, 2...
  7. Rahman F, McVey S, Farkas L, Notte J, Tan S, Livengood R. The prospects of a subnanometer focused neon ion beam. Scanning. 2012;34:129-34 pubmed publisher
    ..A review of the various candidate ion beams and their technical prospects suggest that a neon beam might be the most readily achieved...
  8. Nakagawa K, Sato Y. ESR investigation of sucrose radicals produced by particle irradiation. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2004;60:1315-8 pubmed
    ..The obtained spectral pattern was the same as that for helium (He) ions, carbon (C) ions, neon (Ne) ions, iron (Fe) ions, and gamma-ray irradiation...
  9. George K, Wu H, Willingham V, Furusawa Y, Kawata T, Cucinotta F. High- and low-LET induced chromosome damage in human lymphocytes: a time-course of aberrations in metaphase and interphase. Int J Radiat Biol. 2001;77:175-83 pubmed
    ..To investigate how cell-cycle delays in human peripheral lymphocytes affect the expression of complex chromosome damage in metaphase following high- and low-LET radiation exposure...
  10. Voskanian K, Mitsyn G, Gaevskiĭ V. [Radioprotective effect of helium-neon laser radiation for fibroblast cells]. Aviakosm Ekolog Med. 2007;41:32-5 pubmed
    ..The radioprotective effect of the helium-neon laser on fibroblasts earlier exposed to ionizing radiation is of chief interest, as most of the present-day ..
  11. Mathew K, Kerridge J, Marti K. Nitrogen in solar energetic particles: isotopically distinct from solar wind. Geophys Res Lett. 1998;25:4293-6 pubmed
    ..This is in striking contrast to the neon isotopic record: NeSEP is depleted in the light isotope, 20Ne, relative to NeSW...
  12. Geerke D, Luber S, Marti K, van Gunsteren W. On the direct calculation of the free energy of quantization for molecular systems in the condensed phase. J Comput Chem. 2009;30:514-23 pubmed publisher
    ..For a test system of liquid neon, two methods are shown to be most efficient for a direct evaluation of the excess free energy of quantization...
  13. Abe T, Matsuyama T, Sekido S, Yamaguchi I, Yoshida S, Kameya T. Chlorophyll-deficient mutants of rice demonstrated the deletion of a DNA fragment by heavy-ion irradiation. J Radiat Res. 2002;43 Suppl:S157-61 pubmed
    ..We found that one of the polymorphic spots was strongly linked to the albino phenotypic mutant derived from deleting of a DNA fragment, and demonstrated the high ability to detect of polymorphic regions by the RLGS method...
  14. Jawad N, Rizvi M, Gu J, Adeyi O, Tao G, Maze M, et al. Neuroprotection (and lack of neuroprotection) afforded by a series of noble gases in an in vitro model of neuronal injury. Neurosci Lett. 2009;460:232-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, the neuroprotective properties of the other noble gases, namely, krypton, argon, neon and helium, were explored in an in vitro model of neuronal injury...
  15. Pajón Suárez P, Rojas Lorenzo G, Rubayo Soneira J, Hernández Lamoneda R, Larrégaray P. On the local relaxation of solid neon upon Rydberg excitation of a NO impurity: the role of the NO(A)-Ne interaction potential and zero-point quantum delocalization. J Phys Chem A. 2009;113:14399-406 pubmed publisher
    The local relaxation of solid neon subsequent to the impulsive excitation of the NO chromophore to its A(3s sigma) Ryberg state is investigated using molecular dynamics simulations...
  16. Telford W. Small lasers in flow cytometry. Methods Mol Biol. 2004;263:399-418 pubmed
    ..Technical details and critical parameters for successful application of these lasers for biomedical analysis are reviewed...
  17. Malachowski M, Tobias C, Leith J. Effects of radiation upon the light-sensing elements of the retina as characterized by scanning electron microscopy. Life Sci Space Res. 1977;15:175-81 pubmed
    ..Accelerated heavy ions of helium and neon from the Berkeley Bevalac were used...
  18. Sukumaran V, Ramalingam A. Spectral characteristics and nonlinear studies of crystal violet dye. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2006;63:673-6 pubmed
    ..The results obtained are intercompared. Both the samples of dye crystal violet show a negative nonlinear refractive index. The origin of optical nonlinearity in the dye may be attributed due to laser-heating induced nonlinear effect...
  19. Yamaguchi T, Matsuoka T, Koda S. Mode-coupling study on the dynamics of hydrophobic hydration II: Aqueous solutions of benzene and rare gases. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2006;8:737-45 pubmed
    The dynamic properties of both the solute and solvent of the aqueous solution of benzene, xenon and neon are calculated by the mode-coupling theory for molecular liquids based on the interaction-site model...
  20. Hansen D, Lühr A, Sobolevsky N, Bassler N. Optimizing SHIELD-HIT for carbon ion treatment. Phys Med Biol. 2012;57:2393-409 pubmed publisher
    ..Comparison with fragmentation yield experiments for carbon and neon primaries were made for validation...
  21. Uranga Piña L, Martínez Mesa A, García Reyes L, Rubayo Soneira J. Effective temperature representation of quantum delocalization effects on the dynamics of NO(A(2)Sigma(+) <--X(2)Pi(+)) photoexcitation in Ne matrices. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2009;11:5358-68 pubmed publisher
    The energetics of the optical excitation of the lowest Rydberg state of a nitric oxide molecule embedded in a neon matrix and the subsequent rearrangement of the solid host are investigated by classical molecular dynamics simulations...
  22. Pagel P, Krolikowski J, Shim Y, Venkatapuram S, Kersten J, Weihrauch D, et al. Noble gases without anesthetic properties protect myocardium against infarction by activating prosurvival signaling kinases and inhibiting mitochondrial permeability transition in vivo. Anesth Analg. 2007;105:562-9 pubmed
    ..We hypothesized that other noble gases without anesthetic properties [helium (He), neon (Ne), argon (Ar)] also produce cardioprotection, and further hypothesized that this beneficial effect is mediated ..
  23. Yamamoto T, Ohnishi S. Nano bubbles in liquid of a noble-gas mixture. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2010;12:1033-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The equilibrium spherical bubble of 11.4 nm in radius is obtained after the long-time MD run. The surface tension of the nano bubble is found to be larger than that of the flat surface...
  24. Ushigome T, Shikazono N, Fujii K, Watanabe R, Suzuki M, Tsuruoka C, et al. Yield of single- and double-strand breaks and nucleobase lesions in fully hydrated plasmid DNA films irradiated with high-LET charged particles. Radiat Res. 2012;177:614-27 pubmed
  25. Wang B, Ninomiya Y, Tanaka K, Maruyama K, Vares G, Eguchi Kasai K, et al. Adaptive response of low linear energy transfer X-rays for protection against high linear energy transfer accelerated heavy ion-induced teratogenesis. Birth Defects Res B Dev Reprod Toxicol. 2012;95:379-85 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, induction of AR by X-rays against teratogenesis induced by accelerated heavy ions was examined in fetal mice...
  26. Abdel S, Abdel Meguid I, Korraa S. Markers of oxidative stress and aging in Duchene muscular dystrophy patients and the possible ameliorating effect of He:Ne laser. Acta Myol. 2007;26:14-21 pubmed
    ..Biostimulation of WBC by helium neon (He:Ne) laser irradiation induced a significant increase in the expression of iNOS mRNA and plasma NO levels, but ..
  27. Jiang Y, Wen J, Caiyin Q, Lin L, Hu Z. Mutant AFM 2 of Alcaligenes faecalis for phenol biodegradation using He-Ne laser irradiation. Chemosphere. 2006;65:1236-41 pubmed
    ..The results of these experiments further demonstrated that the mutant strain AFM 2 possessed a higher capacity to resist phenol...
  28. Suzuki M, Tsuruoka C, Kanai T, Kato T, Yatagai F, Watanabe M. Cellular and molecular effects for mutation induction in normal human cells irradiated with accelerated neon ions. Mutat Res. 2006;594:86-92 pubmed
    ..phosphoribosyl transferase (HPRT) locus in normal human fibroblast-like cells irradiated with accelerated neon-ion beams. The cells were irradiated with neon-ion beams at various LETs ranging from 63 to 335 keV/microm...
  29. Dushin N, Azibekian A, Ali Akhsan M. [Treatment of lacrimal duct diseases using low energy helium-neon laser]. Vestn Oftalmol. 2002;118:15-7 pubmed
    ..He-Ne laser exposure brings about a good antiinflammatory effect; in combination with antibiotic therapy it promotes rapid sanitization of the lacrimal duct, removes edema, and rapidly normalizes lacrimal discharge...
  30. Kox S, Gamp A, Perrin C, Arvieux J, Bertholet R, Bruandet J, et al. Trends of total reaction cross sections for heavy ion collisions in the intermediate energy range. Phys Rev C Nucl Phys. 1987;35:1678-91 pubmed
    ..Most of the experimental results in the intermediate and high energy range have been reproduced by this parametrization using a single energy-dependent parameter...
  31. Gori Giorgi P, Seidl M, Savin A. Intracule densities in the strong-interaction limit of density functional theory. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2008;10:3440-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Comparison of our results with the corresponding Kohn-Sham and physical quantities provides useful hints for building approximate intracule densities along the adiabatic connection of density functional theory...
  32. Owen T, Bar Nun A, Kleinfeld I. Possible cometary origin of heavy noble gases in the atmospheres of Venus, Earth and Mars. Nature. 1992;358:43-6 pubmed
    ..On Venus, the absolute abundances of neon and argon per gram of rock are higher even than those in carbonaceous chondrites, whereas the relative abundances ..
  33. Nikjoo H, Khvostunov I, Cucinotta F. The response of tissue-equivalent proportional counters to heavy ions. Radiat Res. 2002;157:435-45 pubmed
    ..It is shown that the anomalous response observed at large event sizes in the experiment is due to an enhanced entry of secondary electrons from the wall into the gas cavity...
  34. Kobayashi Y, Funayama T, Wada S, Sakashita T. System of cell irradiation with a defined number of heavy ions (III). Biol Sci Space. 2004;18:186-7 pubmed
    ..Meanwhile, the cells in the irradiated dish but not hit by the ion (bystander cells) showed limited cell growth. This might be a bystander effect caused by heavy ion hit cell co-existing in the same dish...
  35. Kikuchi S, Saito Y, Ryuto H, Fukunishi N, Abe T, Tanaka H, et al. Effects of heavy-ion beams on chromosomes of common wheat, Triticum aestivum. Mutat Res. 2009;669:63-6 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the nature of plant chromosomes irradiated by heavy-ion beams, the effects of nitrogen (N) and neon (Ne) ion beams on hexaploid wheat chromosomes were compared with those of X-ray...
  36. Guetersloh S, Borak T, Taddei P, Zeitlin C, Heilbronn L, Miller J, et al. The response of a spherical tissue-equivalent proportional counter to different ions having similar linear energy transfer. Radiat Res. 2004;161:64-71 pubmed
    ..However, both values were within 15% of LET in all cases...
  37. Kunikeev S, Kim K. Cumulant expansion and analytic continuation in Monte Carlo simulation of classical Lennard-Jones clusters. Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2012;86:056702 pubmed
    ..The theorem and analytic continuation formulas expressed via higher order cumulants are numerically tested on the classical Lennard-Jones cluster system of N=13, 55, and 147 neon particles.
  38. Barth S, Marburger S, Joshi S, Ulrich V, Kugeler O, Hergenhahn U. Interface identification by non-local autoionization transitions. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2006;8:3218-22 pubmed
  39. Shigematsu N, Ihara N, Kawata T, Kawaguchi O, Takeda A, Ishibashi R, et al. Cell killing and mutation induction by heavy ion beams. Int J Mol Med. 2001;7:509-13 pubmed
    ..The cell lines were irradiated with carbon (20 or 80 keV/microm) or neon beams (80 keV/microm)...
  40. Owen T, Bar Nun A. Contributions of icy planetesimals to the Earth's early atmosphere. Orig Life Evol Biosph. 2001;31:435-58 pubmed
    ..The highly fractionated neon in the Earth's atmosphere may also indicate the importance of non-icy carriers of volatiles...
  41. McDowell S, Buckingham A. Comparison of some vibrational features of FArH...Rg and FHc...Rg complexes (Rg=He, Ne, Ar, Kr). Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2005;61:1603-9 pubmed
    ..Our computations were restricted to the linear geometry since the objective was to investigate the validity of the perturbation model and to illuminate the causes of the red and blue shifts...
  42. Burt E, Diener W, Tjoelker R. A compensated multi-pole linear ion trap mercury frequency standard for ultra-stable timekeeping. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2008;55:2586-95 pubmed publisher
    ..In the capacity of a stand-alone ultra-stable flywheel, such a standard could be invaluable for long-term timekeeping applications in metrology labs while its methodology and robustness make it ideal for space applications as well...
  43. Wu J, Cui X, Lee L, Yang C. The application of Fresnel zone plate based projection in optofluidic microscopy. Opt Express. 2008;16:15595-602 pubmed
    ..We demonstrate the capability of the integrated system by flowing the protist Euglena gracilis across the aperture array microfluidically and performing OFM imaging of the samples...
  44. Bytautas L, Ruedenberg K. Correlation energy and dispersion interaction in the ab initio potential energy curve of the neon dimer. J Chem Phys. 2008;128:214308 pubmed publisher
    A close approximation to the empirical potential energy curve of the neon dimer is obtained by coupled-cluster singles plus doubles plus noniterative triples calculations by using nonaugmented correlation-consistent basis sets without ..
  45. Dube A, Bansal H, Gupta P. Modulation of macrophage structure and function by low level He-Ne laser irradiation. Photochem Photobiol Sci. 2003;2:851-5 pubmed
    ..Possible reasons for and the significance of the observed correlations are discussed...
  46. Sultenfuss J, Roether W, Rhein M. The Bremen mass spectrometric facility for the measurement of helium isotopes, neon, and tritium in water. Isotopes Environ Health Stud. 2009;45:83-95 pubmed publisher
    We describe the mass spectrometric facility for measuring helium isotopes, neon, and tritium that has been operative at this institute since 1989, and also the sampling and sample preparation steps that precede the mass spectrometric ..
  47. Lecoultre S, Rydlo A, Felix C, Buttet J, Gilb S, Harbich W. UV-visible absorption of small gold clusters in neon: Au(n) (n = 1-5 and 7-9). J Chem Phys. 2011;134:074302 pubmed publisher
    ..The measured integrated cross section is smaller (<20%) than expected from a free-electron system, manifesting the strong screening of the s electrons due to the proximity of the s and d levels in gold...
  48. Bren U, Janezic D. Individual degrees of freedom and the solvation properties of water. J Chem Phys. 2012;137:024108 pubmed publisher
  49. Glushkov O, Novoselova E, Cherenkov D, Novoselova T, Khrenov M, Lunin S, et al. [Effects of exposure of different skin areas to low-power laser light]. Biofizika. 2006;51:123-35 pubmed
    The effect of helium-neon laser light of extremely low power of 0.2 mW/cm2 and wavelength 632.8 nm on the immune status of mice bearing solid tumors was studied...
  50. Lochan R, Jung Y, Head Gordon M. Scaled opposite spin second order Møller-Plesset theory with improved physical description of long-range dispersion interactions. J Phys Chem A. 2005;109:7598-605 pubmed
    ..The resulting method is compared against the previously proposed scaled MP2 methods on a range of problems involving both short and long-range interactions...
  51. Kobayashi Y, Funayama T, Wada S, Furusawa Y, Aoki M, Shao C, et al. Microbeams of heavy charged particles. Biol Sci Space. 2004;18:235-40 pubmed
    ..These are the first studies in which single-ion direct hit effect and the bystander effect have been investigated using a high-LET heavy particle microbeam...
  52. Abe Y, Hiasa K, Hirata I, Okazaki Y, Nogami K, Mizumachi W, et al. Detection of synthetic RGDS(PO3H2)PA peptide adsorption using a titanium surface plasmon resonance biosensor. J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2011;22:657-61 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings show that pH control may promote progressive binding of biomolecules with the phosphate functional group to the titanium surface...
  53. Perveen R, Jamil Y, Ashraf M, Ali Q, Iqbal M, Ahmad M. He-Ne laser-induced improvement in biochemical, physiological, growth and yield characteristics in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Photochem Photobiol. 2011;87:1453-63 pubmed publisher
    ..The contents of K, Ca and Mg in shoot and root were also increased and an overall increase of up to 28.12% was observed due to laser treatment...