noble gases

Summary

Summary: Elements that constitute group 18 (formerly the zero group) of the periodic table. They are gases that generally do not react chemically.

Top Publications

  1. Klump S, Kipfer R, Cirpka O, Harvey C, Brennwald M, Ashfaque K, et al. Groundwater dynamics and arsenic mobilization in Bangladesh assessed using noble gases and tritium. Environ Sci Technol. 2006;40:243-50 pubmed
  2. Pauzat F, Ellinger Y, Pilme J, Mousis O. H3(+) as a trap for noble gases-3: multiple trapping of neon, argon, and krypton in X(n)H3(+) (n = 1-3). J Chem Phys. 2009;130:174313 pubmed publisher
    ..One crucial factor in the astrophysical process is the relative abundances of the noble gases versus H(3)(+)...
  3. Sierra Valdez F, Ruiz Suárez J. Noble gases in pure lipid membranes. J Phys Chem B. 2013;117:3167-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we present a calorimetric study where the melting point depression of pure lipid membranes induced by noble gases and its recovery with a hydrostatic pressure is addressed...
  4. Jawad N, Rizvi M, Gu J, Adeyi O, Tao G, Maze M, et al. Neuroprotection (and lack of neuroprotection) afforded by a series of noble gases in an in vitro model of neuronal injury. Neurosci Lett. 2009;460:232-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, the neuroprotective properties of the other noble gases, namely, krypton, argon, neon and helium, were explored in an in vitro model of neuronal injury...
  5. Fain S, Korosec F, Holmes J, O Halloran R, Sorkness R, Grist T. Functional lung imaging using hyperpolarized gas MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2007;25:910-23 pubmed
    ..Recent advances in polarization, pulse sequence development for imaging with Xe-129, and prototype low magnetic field systems dedicated to lung imaging are highlighted as areas of future development for this rapidly evolving technology...
  6. Kaiser L, Meersmann T, Logan J, Pines A. Visualization of gas flow and diffusion in porous media. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000;97:2414-8 pubmed
    ..In the present work, we demonstrate how magnetic resonance microscopy with continuous flow laser-polarized noble gases makes it possible to "light up" and thereby visualize, with unprecedented sensitivity and resolution, ..
  7. Quillin M, Breyer W, Griswold I, Matthews B. Size versus polarizability in protein-ligand interactions: binding of noble gases within engineered cavities in phage T4 lysozyme. J Mol Biol. 2000;302:955-77 pubmed
    ..Even though the volumes of these cavities range up to the equivalent of five xenon atoms, the noble gases bind preferentially at highly localized sites that appear to be defined by constrictions in the walls of the ..
  8. Kershaw J, Nakamura K, Kondoh Y, Wakai A, Suzuki N, Kanno I. Confirming the existence of five peaks in 129Xe rat head spectra. Magn Reson Med. 2007;57:791-7 pubmed
    ..The results of pre- and postligation spectra from the same animal indicated that two peaks (A and E) originate from brain. Changing the anaesthetic was found to have no effect on the number of dissolved peaks in xenon spectra...
  9. MOLLER H, Chen X, Saam B, Hagspiel K, Johnson G, Altes T, et al. MRI of the lungs using hyperpolarized noble gases. Magn Reson Med. 2002;47:1029-51 pubmed
    ..the nonequilibrium polarization, and effects of the alveolar microstructure on relaxation and diffusion of the noble gases. It presents recent progress in HP gas MRI and applications ranging from MR microscopy of airspaces to imaging ..

More Information

Publications62

  1. Goodson B. Nuclear magnetic resonance of laser-polarized noble gases in molecules, materials, and organisms. J Magn Reson. 2002;155:157-216 pubmed
    ..light to electronic and nuclear spins, optical pumping methods can increase the nuclear spin polarization of noble gases by several orders of magnitude, thereby greatly enhancing their NMR sensitivity...
  2. Zheng W, Cleveland Z, MOLLER H, Driehuys B. Gradient-induced longitudinal relaxation of hyperpolarized noble gases in the fringe fields of superconducting magnets used for magnetic resonance. J Magn Reson. 2011;208:284-90 pubmed publisher
    When hyperpolarized noble gases are brought into the bore of a superconducting magnet for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or spectroscopy studies, the gases must pass through substantial field gradients, which can cause rapid ..
  3. Rizvi M, Jawad N, Li Y, Vizcaychipi M, Maze M, Ma D. Effect of noble gases on oxygen and glucose deprived injury in human tubular kidney cells. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2010;235:886-91 pubmed publisher
    ..The aims of this study were to determine the protective effects of the other noble gases, helium, neon, argon, krypton and xenon, on human tubular kidney HK2 cells in vitro...
  4. Pagel P, Krolikowski J, Shim Y, Venkatapuram S, Kersten J, Weihrauch D, et al. Noble gases without anesthetic properties protect myocardium against infarction by activating prosurvival signaling kinases and inhibiting mitochondrial permeability transition in vivo. Anesth Analg. 2007;105:562-9 pubmed
    The anesthetic noble gas, xenon, produces cardioprotection. We hypothesized that other noble gases without anesthetic properties [helium (He), neon (Ne), argon (Ar)] also produce cardioprotection, and further hypothesized that this ..
  5. Ensley T, Fishman D, Webster S, Padilha L, Hagan D, Van Stryland E. Energy and spectral enhancement of femtosecond supercontinuum in a noble gas using a weak seed. Opt Express. 2011;19:757-63 pubmed publisher
    ..The spectral irradiance generated from the seeding process is sufficiently high to use white-light continuum as an alternative to conventional tunable sources of radiation for applications such as nonlinear optical spectroscopy...
  6. Zhao L, Albert M. Biomedical imaging using hyperpolarized noble gas MRI: pulse sequence considerations. Nucl Instrum Methods Phys Res A. 1998;402:454-60 pubmed
    ..Pulse sequences can be optimized to effectively utilize the non-renewable hyperpolarization, to enhance the SNR, and to eliminate image artifacts. Hyperpolarized noble gas MRI is concluded to be quite feasible...
  7. Berkout V. Fragmentation of singly protonated peptides via interaction with metastable rare gas atoms. Anal Chem. 2009;81:725-31 pubmed publisher
  8. Dominelli P, Sheel A. Experimental approaches to the study of the mechanics of breathing during exercise. Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2012;180:147-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, recent technological advancements that contribute to the understanding of respiratory mechanics are explained...
  9. Pantoja J, Farina A, Vaz L, Consani R, Nóbilo M, Mesquita M. Fatigue strength: effect of welding type and joint design executed in Ti-6Al-4V structures. Gerodontology. 2012;29:e1005-10 pubmed publisher
    ..This study evaluated the fatigue strength of Ti-6Al-4V-machined structures submitted to laser (L)-welding and TIG (TIG)-welding procedures, varying the joint designs...
  10. D Agostino D, Colomb D, Dean J. Effects of hyperbaric gases on membrane nanostructure and function in neurons. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2009;106:996-1003 pubmed publisher
    ..A change in the properties of any one membrane component is anticipated to change conductance of membrane-spanning ion channels and thus neuronal function...
  11. Miyake Y, Takahashi M, Watanabe N, Khajuria Y, Udagawa Y, Sakai Y, et al. Examination of (e,2e) scattering models by comparison of momentum profiles of noble gases between experiment and theory. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2006;8:3022-8 pubmed
    Momentum profiles have been measured for the two outermost atomic orbitals of noble gases, Ar, Kr and Xe, at incident electron energy of about 2 keV using a newly developed multichannel (e,2e) spectrometer...
  12. Gavriely N, Eckmann D, Grotberg J. Intra-airway gas transport during high-frequency chest vibration with tracheal insufflation in dogs. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1995;79:243-50 pubmed
    ..External chest vibration causes a substantial increase of intra-airway gas mixing, bringing alveolar gas to central airways. This leads to overall increased pulmonary gas transport when fresh gas is insufflating the tracheal carina area...
  13. Kuethe D, Pietrass T, Behr V. Inert fluorinated gas T1 calculator. J Magn Reson. 2005;177:212-20 pubmed
    ..5%. Given the success of the model's formulaic structure, it is likely to apply to even broader ranges of physical conditions and to other gases that relax by spin-rotation interaction...
  14. Mills G, Wild J, Eberle B, Van Beek E. Functional magnetic resonance imaging of the lung. Br J Anaesth. 2003;91:16-30 pubmed
  15. Cey B, Hudson G, Moran J, Scanlon B. Evaluation of noble gas recharge temperatures in a shallow unconfined aquifer. Ground Water. 2009;47:646-59 pubmed publisher
    ..Such errors are problematic because degassing may not be apparent and degassed samples may be fit by a model with a high degree of certainty...
  16. Wales D, Scheraga H. Global optimization of clusters, crystals, and biomolecules. Science. 1999;285:1368-72 pubmed
    ..These methods have produced promising results and should enable larger and more complex systems to be treated in the future...
  17. Arieli R, Boaron E, Abramovich A. Combined effect of denucleation and denitrogenation on the risk of decompression sickness in rats. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2009;106:1453-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This may have practical application before escape from a disabled submarine, when aborting a technical dive, or in the preparation of aviators for high altitude...
  18. Trinkmann F, Papavassiliu T, Kraus F, Leweling H, Schoenberg S, Borggrefe M, et al. Inert gas rebreathing: the effect of haemoglobin based pulmonary shunt flow correction on the accuracy of cardiac output measurements in clinical practice. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2009;29:255-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of various approaches to Q(S) correction on the accuracy of IGR...
  19. Xia Y. Optical sensing and biosensing based on non-spherical noble metal nanoparticles. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2016;408:2813-25 pubmed publisher
  20. Winkler D, THORNTON A, Farjot G, Katz I. The diverse biological properties of the chemically inert noble gases. Pharmacol Ther. 2016;160:44-64 pubmed publisher
    The noble gases represent an intriguing scientific paradox. They are extremely inert chemically but display a remarkable spectrum of clinically useful biological properties...
  21. Cey B, Hudson G, Moran J, Scanlon B. Impact of artificial recharge on dissolved noble gases in groundwater in California. Environ Sci Technol. 2008;42:1017-23 pubmed
  22. Ashida H, Ikeda T, Tikuisis P, Nishi R. Relationship between two different functions derived from diffusion-based decompression theory. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2005;32:429-35 pubmed
  23. Abraini J, Rostain J, Kriem B. Sigmoidal compression rate-dependence of inert gas narcotic potency in rats: implication for lipid vs. protein theories of inert gas action in the central nervous system. Brain Res. 1998;808:300-4 pubmed
  24. Holocher J, Matta V, Aeschbach Hertig W, Beyerle U, Hofer M, Peeters F, et al. Noble gas and major element constraints on the water dynamics in an alpine floodplain. Ground Water. 2001;39:841-52 pubmed
  25. Owen T, Bar Nun A. Contributions of icy planetesimals to the Earth's early atmosphere. Orig Life Evol Biosph. 2001;31:435-58 pubmed
    ..on the trapping of gases by ice forming at low temperatures implicate comets as major carriers of the heavy noble gases to the inner planets...
  26. Mayoral V, Sabate A. [Hepato-pulmonary syndrome: meta-analysis]. Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim. 1995;42:159-62 pubmed
    ..This meta-analysis aims to bring together data on patients with cirrhosis of the liver from 3 similar studies in which MEIG was used...
  27. Scherer P, Neff J, Baumgardner J, Neufeld G. The importance of a source term in modeling multibreath inert gas washout. Respir Physiol. 1996;103:99-103 pubmed
    ..The present study indicates that at least in the steady state, airway inhomogeneity is not essential to model lung washout data, and that a distributed blood source term in the SPM yields good agreement with experiment...
  28. Mousis O, Lakhlifi A, Picaud S, Pasek M, Chassefière E. On the abundances of noble and biologically relevant gases in Lake Vostok, Antarctica. Astrobiology. 2013;13:380-90 pubmed publisher
    ..6-5 range at 200 residence times). The comparison of our predictions of the CO2 and CH4 mole fractions in Lake Vostok with future in situ measurements will allow disentangling between the possible supply sources...
  29. Elhadj S, Matthews M, Yang S, Cooke D. Evaporation kinetics of laser heated silica in reactive and inert gases based on near-equilibrium dynamics. Opt Express. 2012;20:1575-87 pubmed publisher
    ..The approach described should have application to materials laser processing, and in applications requiring knowledge of thermal decomposition chemistry under extreme temperatures...
  30. Alibakhshi M, Holt R. Suppressing shape instabilities to discover the Bjerknes force instability (L). J Acoust Soc Am. 2011;130:3321-4 pubmed publisher
    ..This study investigates the possibility that increasing the viscosity of the host liquid can preferentially suppress shape instabilities of a bubble and allow SBSL experiments to be limited by the Bjerknes force instability...
  31. Flook V. Predictions from a mathematical model of decompression compared to Doppler scores. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2011;38:187-96 pubmed
    ..This model has been used in assisting regulators to set limits to the level decompression risk that should be considered acceptable and in assisting those working with decompression procedures to design effective modifications...
  32. Jordan B, Wright E. Xenon as an anesthetic agent. AANA J. 2010;78:387-92 pubmed
    Discovered in 1898 by British chemists, xenon is a rare gas belonging to the noble gases of the periodic table...
  33. Dickinson R, Franks N. Bench-to-bedside review: Molecular pharmacology and clinical use of inert gases in anesthesia and neuroprotection. Crit Care. 2010;14:229 pubmed publisher
    ..We summarize recent in vitro and in vivo studies on the actions of helium and the other inert gases, and discuss their potential to be used as neuroprotective agents...
  34. Dünges B, Karmrodt J, Baumgardner J, Markstaller K. [Ventilation-perfusion distributions in the lungs. A novel technique for rapid measurement]. Anaesthesist. 2007;56:612-6 pubmed
    ..MIGET using micropore membrane inlet mass spectrometry (MMIMS) might, therefore, facilitate early diagnosis of lung diseases and monitoring of therapeutic interventions in the future...
  35. Filippi A, Giardini A, Marcantoni E, Paladini A, Piccirillo S, Renzi G, et al. Dissymmetry effects on the laser spectroscopy of supersonically expanded rare gas/chiral arene heteroclusters. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2007;9:1676-9 pubmed
  36. Sato T, Nakai H. Density functional method including weak interactions: Dispersion coefficients based on the local response approximation. J Chem Phys. 2009;131:224104 pubmed publisher
    ..Chem. Chem. Phys. 8, 1985 (2006)]. Binding energies obtained by the LC-BOP+LRD agree remarkably well with ab initio references...
  37. McDowell S, Buckingham A. Comparison of some vibrational features of FArH...Rg and FHc...Rg complexes (Rg=He, Ne, Ar, Kr). Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2005;61:1603-9 pubmed
    ..Our computations were restricted to the linear geometry since the objective was to investigate the validity of the perturbation model and to illuminate the causes of the red and blue shifts...
  38. Saur J, Trinkmann F, Doesch C, Scherhag A, Brade J, Schoenberg S, et al. The impact of pulmonary disease on noninvasive measurement of cardiac output by the inert gas rebreathing method. Lung. 2010;188:433-40 pubmed publisher
    ..04, p = 0.82). IGR allows a feasible determination of CO even in patients with lung diseases. The accuracy of the IGR method is not influenced by either pulmonary obstructive and restrictive diseases or a reduced DLCO...
  39. Roetzer P. Single-visit, adjacent composite onlays--a dual-catalyst, inert gas-processed chairside technique. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2003;24:53-9; quiz 62 pubmed
    ..This article describes a clinical technique for fabricating adjacent onlays or three-quarter crowns in a single visit that capitalizes on the inert gas and dual-catalyst research...
  40. Chen C, Wang T, Liaw H, Chen H. Nitrogen dilution effect on the flammability limits for hydrocarbons. J Hazard Mater. 2009;166:880-90 pubmed publisher
  41. Barbi F, Camarini E, Silva R, Endo E, Pereira J. Comparative analysis of different joining techniques to improve the passive fit of cobalt-chromium superstructures. J Prosthet Dent. 2012;108:377-85 pubmed publisher
    ..The influence of different joining techniques on passive fit at the interface structure/abutment of cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) superstructures has not yet been clearly established...
  42. Chouinard Pelletier G, Leduc M, Guay D, Coulombe S, Leask R, Jones E. Use of inert gas jets to measure the forces required for mechanical gene transfection. Biomed Eng Online. 2012;11:67 pubmed publisher
  43. Peyton P, Poustie S, Robinson G, Penny D, Thompson B. Non-invasive measurement of intrapulmonary shunt during inert gas rebreathing. Physiol Meas. 2005;26:309-16 pubmed
    ..6%, standard deviation of the difference 2.2%, limits of agreement between the two methods of +5.8% and -2.8%, r = 0.86). Good agreement was demonstrated between the non-invasive method and the invasive reference standard...
  44. George S, Hlastala M, Souders J, Babb A. Gas exchange in the airways. J Aerosol Med. 1996;9:25-33 pubmed
    ..We make the following conclusion: (1) ethanol exchanges entirely within the airways, and (2) the magnitude of perfusion- and diffusion-related resistance to airway gas exchange is the same...
  45. Whiteley J, Gavaghan D, Hahn C. A tidal breathing model of the inert gas sinewave technique for inhomogeneous lungs. Respir Physiol. 2001;124:65-83 pubmed
    ..By using Monte Carlo simulations, this index is shown to be stable to experimental error of realistic magnitude...
  46. Orsi I, Raimundo L, Bezzon O, Nóbilo M, Kuri S, Rovere C, et al. Evaluation of anodic behavior of commercially pure titanium in tungsten inert gas and laser welds. J Prosthodont. 2011;20:628-31 pubmed publisher
    ..This study evaluated the resistance to corrosion in welds made with Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) in specimens made of commercially pure titanium (cp Ti) in comparison with laser welds...
  47. Toyoda K, Hamada I, Yanagisawa S, Morikawa Y. Adsorption of benzene on noble metal surfaces studied by density functional theory with Van der Waals correction. J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2011;11:2836-43 pubmed
  48. Schmitt P, Powell F, Hopkins S. Ventilation-perfusion inequality during normoxic and hypoxic exercise in the emu. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2002;93:1980-6 pubmed
    ..The stability of V/Q matching under conditions of hypoxia and exercise may be advantageous for birds flying at altitude...
  49. Aime S, Reineri F. Advances in bio-imaging: a survey from WWMR 2010. J Magn Reson. 2011;209:109-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, the Conference has witnessed an outstanding progress in either methods and applications that further stresses the key-role of MRI in many fields of biomedicine...
  50. Sakamoto A, Harada T, Tonegawa N. A new approach to the spectral study of unstable radicals and ions in solution by the use of an inert gas glovebox system: observation and analysis of the infrared spectra of the radical anion and dianion of p-terphenyl. J Phys Chem A. 2008;112:1180-7 pubmed publisher
  51. Im S, Husakou A, Herrmann J. High-power soliton-induced supercontinuum generation and tunable sub-10-fs VUV pulses from kagome-lattice HC-PCFs. Opt Express. 2010;18:5367-74 pubmed publisher
    ..In the temporal domain this corresponds to sub-10-fs UV/VUV pulses with pulse energy of few tens of microJ, caused by the formation of a high-order soliton emitting non-solitonic radiation...
  52. Hubler M, Souders J, Shade E, Polissar N, Schimmel C, Hlastala M. Effects of vaporized perfluorocarbon on pulmonary blood flow and ventilation/perfusion distribution in a model of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Anesthesiology. 2001;95:1414-21 pubmed
    ..Vaporization has been recently reported as a new method of delivering PFC to the lung. Our aim was to study the effect of PFC vapor on the ventilation/perfusion (VA/Q) matching and relative pulmonary blood flow (Qrel) distribution...
  53. Visser A, Moran J, HILLEGONDS D, Singleton M, Kulongoski J, BELITZ K, et al. Geostatistical analysis of tritium, groundwater age and other noble gas derived parameters in California. Water Res. 2016;91:314-30 pubmed publisher
    ..impact on recharge are revealed in a spatial geostatistical analysis of a unique data set of tritium, noble gases and other isotopic analyses unprecedented in size at nearly 4000 samples...