boron

Summary

Summary: A trace element with the atomic symbol B, atomic number 5, and atomic weight [10.806; 10.821]. Boron-10, an isotope of boron, is used as a neutron absorber in BORON NEUTRON CAPTURE THERAPY.

Top Publications

  1. Medeiros R, Lourencao B, Rocha Filho R, Fatibello Filho O. Simultaneous voltammetric determination of synthetic colorants in food using a cathodically pretreated boron-doped diamond electrode. Talanta. 2012;97:291-7 pubmed publisher
    Differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and a cathodically pretreated boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrode were used to simultaneously determine two pairs of synthetic food colorants commonly found mixed in food products: tartrazine (TT) and ..
  2. Miwa K, Wakuta S, Takada S, Ide K, Takano J, Naito S, et al. Roles of BOR2, a boron exporter, in cross linking of rhamnogalacturonan II and root elongation under boron limitation in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 2013;163:1699-709 pubmed publisher
    b>Boron (B) is required for cross linking of the pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan II (RG-II) and is consequently essential for the maintenance of cell wall structure...
  3. Wu X, Dai J, Zhao Y, Zhuo Z, Yang J, Zeng X. Two-dimensional boron monolayer sheets. ACS Nano. 2012;6:7443-53 pubmed publisher
    b>Boron, a nearest-neighbor of carbon, is possibly the second element that can possess free-standing flat monolayer structures, evidenced by recent successful synthesis of single-walled and multiwalled boron nanotubes (MWBNTs)...
  4. Choi C, Park S, Woo S. Binary and ternary doping of nitrogen, boron, and phosphorus into carbon for enhancing electrochemical oxygen reduction activity. ACS Nano. 2012;6:7084-91 pubmed publisher
  5. Oliveira S, Oliveira Brett A. In situ DNA oxidative damage by electrochemically generated hydroxyl free radicals on a boron-doped diamond electrode. Langmuir. 2012;28:4896-901 pubmed publisher
    ..DNA oxidative damage by electrochemically generated hydroxyl free radicals has been directly demonstrated on a boron-doped diamond electrode...
  6. Zhao Z, Wu L, Nian F, Ding G, Shi T, Zhang D, et al. Dissecting quantitative trait loci for boron efficiency across multiple environments in Brassica napus. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e45215 pubmed publisher
    High yield is the most important goal in crop breeding, and boron (B) is an essential micronutrient for plants. However, B deficiency, leading to yield decreases, is an agricultural problem worldwide...
  7. Ozhuner E, Eldem V, Ipek A, Okay S, Sakcali S, Zhang B, et al. Boron stress responsive microRNAs and their targets in barley. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e59543 pubmed publisher
    b>Boron stress is an environmental factor affecting plant development and production. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been found to be involved in several plant processes such as growth regulation and stress responses...
  8. Wu C, Miron R, Sculean A, Kaskel S, Doert T, Schulze R, et al. Proliferation, differentiation and gene expression of osteoblasts in boron-containing associated with dexamethasone deliver from mesoporous bioactive glass scaffolds. Biomaterials. 2011;32:7068-78 pubmed publisher
    b>Boron is one of the trace elements in the human body which plays an important role in bone growth...
  9. Ochiai K, Shimizu A, Okumoto Y, Fujiwara T, Matoh T. Suppression of a NAC-like transcription factor gene improves boron-toxicity tolerance in rice. Plant Physiol. 2011;156:1457-63 pubmed publisher
    We identified a gene responsible for tolerance to boron (B) toxicity in rice (Oryza sativa), named BORON EXCESS TOLERANT1...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Umano M, Uechi K, Uriuda T, Murayama S, Azuma H, Shinohara A, et al. Tumor accumulation of ?-poly-lysines-based polyamines conjugated with boron clusters. Appl Radiat Isot. 2011;69:1765-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) is one of the potent cancer radiotherapies using nuclear reaction between (10)B atoms and the neutron. Whether BNCT will succeed or not depends on tumor selective delivery of (10)B compounds...
  2. Bogacki P, Peck D, Nair R, Howie J, Oldach K. Genetic analysis of tolerance to boron toxicity in the legume Medicago truncatula. BMC Plant Biol. 2013;13:54 pubmed publisher
    ..Toxic concentrations of the micronutrient Boron (B) in agricultural soils hamper the production of cereal and leguminous crops...
  3. Deng C, Xia Y, Xiao C, Nie Z, Yang M, Si S. Electrochemical oxidation of purine and pyrimidine bases based on the boron-doped nanotubes modified electrode. Biosens Bioelectron. 2012;31:469-74 pubmed publisher
    Based on the excellent physicochemical properties of boron-doped carbon nanotubes (BCNTs), the electrochemical analysis of four free DNA bases at the BCNTs modified glassy carbon (GC) electrode was investigated...
  4. Scorei R. Is boron a prebiotic element? A mini-review of the essentiality of boron for the appearance of life on earth. Orig Life Evol Biosph. 2012;42:3-17 pubmed publisher
    b>Boron is probably a prebiotic element with special importance in the so-called "sugars world". Boron is not present on Earth in its elemental form. It is found only in compounds, e.g...
  5. Tanaka M, Takano J, Chiba Y, Lombardo F, Ogasawara Y, Onouchi H, et al. Boron-dependent degradation of NIP5;1 mRNA for acclimation to excess boron conditions in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2011;23:3547-59 pubmed publisher
    b>Boron (B) is an essential plant micronutrient that is toxic at higher levels. NIP5;1 is a boric acid channel required for B uptake and growth under B deficiency...
  6. Quiles Pando C, Rexach J, Navarro Gochicoa M, Camacho Cristóbal J, Herrera Rodríguez M, González Fontes A. Boron deficiency increases the levels of cytosolic Ca(2+) and expression of Ca(2+)-related genes in Arabidopsis thaliana roots. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2013;65:55-60 pubmed publisher
    b>Boron (B) deficiency affects the expressions of genes involved in major physiological processes. However, signal transduction pathway through which plants are able to sense and transmit B-deprivation signal to the nucleus is unknown...
  7. Tombuloglu H, Kekec G, Sakcali M, Unver T. Transcriptome-wide identification of R2R3-MYB transcription factors in barley with their boron responsive expression analysis. Mol Genet Genomics. 2013;288:141-55 pubmed publisher
    ..the identification of barley R2R3-MYB TFs including their expression analysis in tissues under control and Boron (B) toxic conditions...
  8. Duydu Y, Basaran N, Ustundag A, Aydin S, Undeğer U, Ataman O, et al. Reproductive toxicity parameters and biological monitoring in occupationally and environmentally boron-exposed persons in Bandirma, Turkey. Arch Toxicol. 2011;85:589-600 pubmed publisher
    ..5 mg B/kg-bw/day has been identified for the (male) reproductive effects of boron in a multigeneration study of rats, and a NOAEL for the developmental effects in rats was identified at 9...
  9. Grausova L, Kromka A, Burdikova Z, Eckhardt A, Rezek B, Vacik J, et al. Enhanced growth and osteogenic differentiation of human osteoblast-like cells on boron-doped nanocrystalline diamond thin films. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e20943 pubmed publisher
    ..the NCD films were deposited on silicon substrates by a microwave plasma-enhanced CVD process and their boron doping was achieved by adding trimethylboron to the CH(4):H(2) gas mixture, the B?C ratio was 133, 1000 and 6700 ..
  10. Leaungthitikanchana S, Fujibe T, Tanaka M, Wang S, Sotta N, Takano J, et al. Differential expression of three BOR1 genes corresponding to different genomes in response to boron conditions in hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Plant Cell Physiol. 2013;54:1056-63 pubmed publisher
    b>Boron (B) is an essential micronutrient for plants. Efflux-type B transporters, BORs, have been identified in Arabidopsis thaliana and rice...
  11. Zhao L, Levendorf M, Goncher S, Schiros T, Pálová L, Zabet Khosousi A, et al. Local atomic and electronic structure of boron chemical doping in monolayer graphene. Nano Lett. 2013;13:4659-65 pubmed publisher
    We use scanning tunneling microscopy and X-ray spectroscopy to characterize the atomic and electronic structure of boron-doped and nitrogen-doped graphene created by chemical vapor deposition on copper substrates...
  12. Błazewska K, Haiges R, Kashemirov B, Ebetino F, McKenna C. A serendipitous phosphonocarboxylate complex of boron: when vessel becomes reagent. Chem Commun (Camb). 2011;47:6395-7 pubmed publisher
    ..drug minodronate (4) in contact with borosilicate glassware reversibly forms an isolable dimer complex of boron, as revealed by the X-ray crystallographic structure of the (R,R/S,S) complex and supported by NMR and HRMS data.
  13. Makhotkin I, Zoethout E, Louis E, Yakunin A, Müllender S, Bijkerk F. Spectral properties of La/B--based multilayer mirrors near the boron K absorption edge. Opt Express. 2012;20:11778-86 pubmed publisher
    ..The measured maximum reflectance at various wavelength values around the boron-K absorption edge is compared to calculated values from model systems...
  14. Wu H, Radomkit S, O Brien J, Hoveyda A. Metal-free catalytic enantioselective C-B bond formation: (pinacolato)boron conjugate additions to ?,?-unsaturated ketones, esters, Weinreb amides, and aldehydes promoted by chiral N-heterocyclic carbenes. J Am Chem Soc. 2012;134:8277-85 pubmed publisher
    The first broadly applicable metal-free enantioselective method for boron conjugate addition (BCA) to ?,?-unsaturated carbonyls is presented. The C-B bond forming reactions are promoted in the presence of 2.5-7...
  15. Shapira O, Israeli Y, Shani U, Schwartz A. Salt stress aggravates boron toxicity symptoms in banana leaves by impairing guttation. Plant Cell Environ. 2013;36:275-87 pubmed publisher
    b>Boron (B) is known to accumulate in the leaf margins of different plant species, arguably a passive consequence of enhanced transpiration at the ends of the vascular system...
  16. D Aleo A, Gachet D, Heresanu V, Giorgi M, Fages F. Efficient NIR-light emission from solid-state complexes of boron difluoride with 2'-hydroxychalcone derivatives. Chemistry. 2012;18:12764-72 pubmed publisher
    This article describes a series of nine complexes of boron difluoride with 2'-hydroxychacone derivatives. These dyes were synthesized very simply and exhibited intense NIR emission in the solid state...
  17. Miljkovic D, Scorei R, Cimpoiaşu V, Scorei I. Calcium fructoborate: plant-based dietary boron for human nutrition. J Diet Suppl. 2009;6:211-26 pubmed publisher
    The main objective of this paper is to evaluate the scientific evidence on the form of organic boron, calcium fructoborate (CF), including health dates, dietary needs, pharmacology, experts opinion, research papers, clinical evidence, ..
  18. Aftab T, Khan M, Naeem M, Idrees M, Moinuddin -, Teixeira da Silva J, et al. Exogenous nitric oxide donor protects Artemisia annua from oxidative stress generated by boron and aluminium toxicity. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2012;80:60-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report the effects of boron (B) and aluminium (Al) contamination in soil, carried out with or without application of exogenous SNP (NO donor), ..
  19. Yang L, Qi Y, Lu Y, Guo P, Sang W, Feng H, et al. iTRAQ protein profile analysis of Citrus sinensis roots in response to long-term boron-deficiency. J Proteomics. 2013;93:179-206 pubmed publisher
    Seedlings of Citrus sinensis were fertilized with boron (B)-deficient (0?M H3BO3) or -sufficient (10?M H3BO3) nutrient solution for 15weeks...
  20. Hasbahceci M, Cipe G, Kadioglu H, Aysan E, Muslumanoglu M. Reverse relationship between blood boron level and body mass index in humans: does it matter for obesity?. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2013;153:141-4 pubmed publisher
    The exact role of boron in humans is not known although its supplementation causes several important metabolic and inflammatory changes...
  21. Zhao Y, Yang L, Chen S, Wang X, Ma Y, Wu Q, et al. Can boron and nitrogen co-doping improve oxygen reduction reaction activity of carbon nanotubes?. J Am Chem Soc. 2013;135:1201-4 pubmed publisher
    Two kinds of boron and nitrogen co-doped carbon nanotubes (CNTs) dominated by bonded or separated B and N are intentionally prepared, which present distinct oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) performances...
  22. Bozdag G, Uluisik I, Gulculer G, Karakaya H, Koc A. Roles of ATR1 paralogs YMR279c and YOR378w in boron stress tolerance. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2011;409:748-51 pubmed publisher
    b>Boron is a necessary nutrient for plants and animals, however excess of it causes toxicity...
  23. Lin Q, Li Q, Batchelor McAuley C, Compton R. Use of 'split waves' for the measurement of electrocatalytic kinetics: methyl viologen mediated oxygen reduction on a boron-doped diamond electrode. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2013;15:7760-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The investigation is facilitated through the use of a boron-doped diamond electrode, allowing the catalytic response to be clearly delineated from that of the direct oxygen ..
  24. Bezugly V, Kunstmann J, Grundkötter Stock B, Frauenheim T, Niehaus T, Cuniberti G. Highly conductive boron nanotubes: transport properties, work functions, and structural stabilities. ACS Nano. 2011;5:4997-5005 pubmed publisher
    The transport properties, work functions, electronic structure, and structural stability of boron nanotubes with different lattice structures, radii, and chiralities are investigated theoretically...
  25. P rez Castro R, Kasai K, Gainza Cort s F, Ruiz Lara S, Casaretto J, Pe a Cort s H, et al. VvBOR1, the grapevine ortholog of AtBOR1, encodes an efflux boron transporter that is differentially expressed throughout reproductive development of Vitis vinifera L. Plant Cell Physiol. 2012;53:485-94 pubmed publisher
    b>Boron (B) is an essential micronutrient for normal development of roots, shoots and reproductive tissues in plants...
  26. Sumitani S, Oishi M, Yaguchi T, Murotani H, Horiguchi Y, Suzuki M, et al. Pharmacokinetics of core-polymerized, boron-conjugated micelles designed for boron neutron capture therapy for cancer. Biomaterials. 2012;33:3568-77 pubmed publisher
    Core-polymerized and boron-conjugated micelles (PM micelles) were prepared by free radical copolymerization of a PEG-b-PLA block copolymer bearing an acetal group and a methacryloyl group (acetal-PEG-b-PLA-MA), with 1-(4-vinylbenzyl)-..
  27. Kajikawa M, Fujibe T, Uraguchi S, Miwa K, Fujiwara T. Expression of the Arabidopsis borate efflux transporter gene, AtBOR4, in rice affects the xylem loading of boron and tolerance to excess boron. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2011;75:2421-3 pubmed
    b>Boron is an essential nutrient for plants, but it is toxic in excess. Transgenic rice plants expressing an Arabidopsis thaliana borate efflux transporter gene, AtBOR4, at a low level exhibited increased tolerance to excess boron...
  28. Zimmermann T, Bürger M, Tashiro E, Kondoh Y, Martinez N, Görmer K, et al. Boron-based inhibitors of acyl protein thioesterases 1 and 2. Chembiochem. 2013;14:115-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, one of the molecules was demonstrated to inhibit Erk1/2 phosphorylation significantly...
  29. Aquea F, Federici F, Moscoso C, Vega A, Jullian P, Haseloff J, et al. A molecular framework for the inhibition of Arabidopsis root growth in response to boron toxicity. Plant Cell Environ. 2012;35:719-34 pubmed publisher
    b>Boron is an essential micronutrient for plants and is taken up in the form of boric acid (BA)...
  30. Birbeck J, Mathews T. Simultaneous detection of monoamine and purine molecules using high-performance liquid chromatography with a boron-doped diamond electrode. Anal Chem. 2013;85:7398-404 pubmed publisher
    A recently available boron-doped diamond (BDD) working electrode has been developed for use with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to aid in the detection of molecules with high redox potentials...
  31. Wimmer M, Eichert T. Review: mechanisms for boron deficiency-mediated changes in plant water relations. Plant Sci. 2013;203-204:25-32 pubmed publisher
    b>Boron (B) is an essential microelement for plants and is constantly needed throughout the plant life due to its function as a structural element of the plant cell wall...
  32. Braunschweig H, Dellermann T, Dewhurst R, Ewing W, Hammond K, Jimenez Halla J, et al. Metal-free binding and coupling of carbon monoxide at a boron-boron triple bond. Nat Chem. 2013;5:1025-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In this work, CO was added to a boron-boron triple bond at room temperature and atmospheric pressure, resulting in a compound into which four ..
  33. Wu W, Xie R, Bai L, Tang Z, Gu Z. Direct electrochemistry of Shewanella loihica PV-4 on gold nanoparticles-modified boron-doped diamond electrodes fabricated by layer-by-layer technique. J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2012;12:3903-8 pubmed
    ..Au nanoparticles (AuNPs)-modified Boron-Doped Diamond (BDD) electrodes are fabricated by layer-by-layer (LBL) self-assembly technique and used for the ..
  34. Uluisik I, Kaya A, Fomenko D, Karakaya H, Carlson B, Gladyshev V, et al. Boron stress activates the general amino acid control mechanism and inhibits protein synthesis. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e27772 pubmed publisher
    b>Boron is an essential micronutrient for plants, and it is beneficial for animals. However, at high concentrations boron is toxic to cells although the mechanism of this toxicity is not known...
  35. Freeman J, Banuelos G. Selection of salt and boron tolerant selenium hyperaccumulator Stanleya pinnata genotypes and characterization of Se phytoremediation from agricultural drainage sediments. Environ Sci Technol. 2011;45:9703-10 pubmed publisher
    Genetic variation in salt (Na(2)SO(4), NaCl) and boron (B) tolerance among four ecotypes of the selenium (Se) hyperaccumulator Stanleya pinnata (Pursh) Britton was utilized to select tolerant genotypes capable of phytoremediating Se from ..
  36. Sakamoto T, Inui Y, Uraguchi S, Yoshizumi T, Matsunaga S, Mastui M, et al. Condensin II alleviates DNA damage and is essential for tolerance of boron overload stress in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2011;23:3533-46 pubmed publisher
    Although excess boron (B) is known to negatively affect plant growth, its molecular mechanism of toxicity is unknown. We previously isolated two Arabidopsis thaliana mutants, hypersensitive to excess B (heb1-1 and heb2-1)...
  37. Fierro S, Mitani N, Comninellis C, Einaga Y. pH sensing using boron doped diamond electrodes. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2011;13:16795-9 pubmed publisher
    The boron doped diamond (BDD) electrode is presented as an appropriate candidate for next generation glass-free, highly stable and accurate pH sensors...
  38. Beato V, Teresa Navarro Gochicoa M, Rexach J, Begoña Herrera Rodríguez M, Camacho Cristóbal J, Kempa S, et al. Expression of root glutamate dehydrogenase genes in tobacco plants subjected to boron deprivation. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2011;49:1350-4 pubmed publisher
    Recently it has been reported that boron (B) deficiency increases the expression of Nicotiana tabacum asparagine synthetase (AS) gene in roots, and that AS might play a main role as a detoxifying mechanism to convert ammonium into ..
  39. Koganei H, Ueno M, Tachikawa S, Tasaki L, Ban H, Suzuki M, et al. Development of high boron content liposomes and their promising antitumor effect for neutron capture therapy of cancers. Bioconjug Chem. 2013;24:124-32 pubmed publisher
    Mercaptoundecahydrododecaborate (BSH)-encapsulating 10% distearoyl boron lipid (DSBL) liposomes were developed as a boron delivery vehicle for neutron capture therapy...
  40. Heidarabadi M, Ghanati F, Fujiwara T. Interaction between boron and aluminum and their effects on phenolic metabolism of Linum usitatissimum L. roots. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2011;49:1377-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Inhibition of root growth has been considered as a sensitive marker of aluminum toxicity and the best indicator of boron deficiency as well...
  41. McGovern G, Zhu D, Aquino A, Vidovic D, Findlater M. Synthesis and characterization of terpyridine-supported boron cations: evidence for pentacoordination at boron. Inorg Chem. 2013;52:13865-8 pubmed publisher
    Hypervalent boron centers are proposed to be key intermediates in many stoichiometric and catalytic reactions. However, structurally characterized examples remain rare...
  42. Yang C, Liu Y, An J, Li S, Jin L, Zhou G, et al. Digital gene expression analysis of corky split vein caused by boron deficiency in 'Newhall' Navel Orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck) for selecting differentially expressed genes related to vascular hypertrophy. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e65737 pubmed publisher
    Corky split vein caused by boron (B) deficiency in 'Newhall' Navel Orange was studied in the present research. The boron-deficient citrus exhibited a symptom of corky split vein in mature leaves...
  43. Camacho Cristóbal J, Rexach J, Herrera Rodríguez M, Navarro Gochicoa M, González Fontes A. Boron deficiency and transcript level changes. Plant Sci. 2011;181:85-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Boron (B) is an essential element for plant growth whose deficiency causes an alteration in the expression of a wide range of genes involved in several physiological processes...
  44. Mitani Ueno N, Yamaji N, Zhao F, Ma J. The aromatic/arginine selectivity filter of NIP aquaporins plays a critical role in substrate selectivity for silicon, boron, and arsenic. J Exp Bot. 2011;62:4391-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The results reveal that the residue at the H5 position of the ar/R filter of both OsLsi1 and AtNIP5;1 plays a key role in the permeability to Si and B, but there is a relatively low selectivity for arsenite...
  45. Faião Flores F, Coelho P, Arruda Neto J, Camillo M, Maria Engler S, Rici R, et al. Boron uptake in normal melanocytes and melanoma cells and boron biodistribution study in mice bearing B16F10 melanoma for boron neutron capture therapy. Radiat Environ Biophys. 2012;51:319-29 pubmed publisher
    Information on (10)B distribution in normal tissues is crucial to any further development of boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT)...
  46. Abbey E, Zakharov L, Liu S. Boron in disguise: the parent "fused" BN indole. J Am Chem Soc. 2011;133:11508-11 pubmed publisher
    quot;Fused" BN indoles are an emerging class of boron-containing indole mimics, featuring geometric structure and electophilic aromatic substitution reactivity similar to those of indoles but exhibiting distinct electronic ..
  47. Zhang H, Wang F, Yang H, Tan Y, Zhang J, Bu X. Interrupted zeolite LTA and ATN-type boron imidazolate frameworks. J Am Chem Soc. 2011;133:11884-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The first interrupted Zeolite A with 3-connected network has been experimentally realized here by a boron imidazolate (im) framework material (BIF-20) with 3-coordinate BH(mim)(3)(-) building units...
  48. Kekec G, Sakcali M, Uzonur I. Assessment of genotoxic effects of boron on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) by using RAPD analysis. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2010;84:759-64 pubmed publisher
    In boron-rich soils of Turkey, boron tolerant wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and sensitive bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) are most widely cultivated crops...
  49. Jiang H, Tang N, Zheng J, Chen L. Antagonistic actions of boron against inhibitory effects of aluminum toxicity on growth, CO2 assimilation, ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase, and photosynthetic electron transport probed by the JIP-test, of Citrus grandis seedlings. BMC Plant Biol. 2009;9:102 pubmed publisher
    Little information is available on the amelioration of boron (B) on aluminum (Al)-induced photosynthesis inhibition. Sour pummelo (Citrus grandis) seedlings were irrigated for 18 weeks with nutrient solution containing 4 B levels (2...
  50. Camacho Cristóbal J, Rexach J, González Fontes A. Boron in plants: deficiency and toxicity. J Integr Plant Biol. 2008;50:1247-55 pubmed publisher
    b>Boron (B) is an essential nutrient for normal growth of higher plants, and B availability in soil and irrigation water is an important determinant of agricultural production...
  51. Choi M, Jun Y. Analysis of boron content in frequently consumed foods in Korea. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2008;126:13-26 pubmed publisher
    This study analyzed boron content in commonly consumed foods by Koreans. Boron content was analyzed on 299 different foods using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy...
  52. Schnurbusch T, Collins N, Eastwood R, Sutton T, Jefferies S, Langridge P. Fine mapping and targeted SNP survey using rice-wheat gene colinearity in the region of the Bo1 boron toxicity tolerance locus of bread wheat. Theor Appl Genet. 2007;115:451-61 pubmed
    Toxicity due to high levels of soil boron (B) represents a significant limitation to cereal production in some regions, and the Bo1 gene provides a major source of B toxicity tolerance in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)...
  53. Ahmed I, Yokota A, Fujiwara T. Chimaereicella boritolerans sp. nov., a boron-tolerant and alkaliphilic bacterium of the family Flavobacteriaceae isolated from soil. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2007;57:986-92 pubmed
    A non-motile, Gram-negative, boron-tolerant and alkaliphilic bacterium was isolated from soil of the Hisarcik area in the Kutahya Province of Turkey that was naturally high in boron minerals...