light metals

Summary

Summary: Metals with low specific gravity, typically smaller than 5, characterized by a single valence (1, 2, or 3), a simple spectrum, strong electromotive force (positive), and colorless compounds. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)

Top Publications

  1. Driffield M, Bradley E, Castle L. A method of test for residual isophorone diisocyanate trimer in new polyester-polyurethane coatings on light metal packaging using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometric detection. J Chromatogr A. 2007;1141:61-6 pubmed
  2. Zhang M, Xu J, Xie P. Metals in surface sediments of large shallow eutrophic Lake Chaohu, China. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2007;79:242-5 pubmed
    ..The correlation between trace metals concentrations indicated the co-contamination of anthropogenically derived metal enrichment in surface sediment of Lake Chaohu...
  3. Martignano A, Menegotti L, Valentini A. Monte Carlo investigation of breast intraoperative radiation therapy with metal attenuator plates. Med Phys. 2007;34:4578-84 pubmed
    ..Chiara Hospital has been found to attenuate the beam almost completely for both considered energies, causing negligible backscatter radiation. The spectrum at various depth and at the tissue-plate interface has also been investigated...
  4. Massover W. On the experimental use of light metal salts for negative staining. Microsc Microanal. 2008;14:126-37 pubmed publisher
    ..technical defects inherent in the use of heavy metal compounds, this study investigates whether salts of the light metals sodium, magnesium, and aluminum can function as negative stains...
  5. Beyersmann D, Hartwig A. Carcinogenic metal compounds: recent insight into molecular and cellular mechanisms. Arch Toxicol. 2008;82:493-512 pubmed publisher
  6. Tsuruta T. Selective accumulation of light or heavy rare earth elements using gram-positive bacteria. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2006;52:117-22 pubmed
    ..A. nicotianae can also accumulated higher amounts of Sm than other REEs from a solution containing six light REEs...
  7. Savarino L, Tigani D, Greco M, Baldini N, Giunti A. The potential role of metal ion release as a marker of loosening in patients with total knee replacement: a cohort study. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2010;92:634-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Measurement of the serum level of Cr ions may be of value for detecting failure due to loosening when the diagnosis is in doubt. The other metal ions studies did not have any diagnostic value...
  8. Hengstler J, Bolt H. A special issue on metal toxicity. Arch Toxicol. 2008;82:489-91 pubmed publisher
  9. Pino A, Alimonti A, Botre F, Minoia C, Bocca B, Conti M. Determination of twenty-five elements in lichens by sector field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and microwave-assisted acid digestion. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2007;21:1900-6 pubmed
    ..Low contamination risk, simplicity, time-saving, and applicability in routine analyses make this method very suitable for use in extensive screening campaigns...

More Information

Publications25

  1. Tsuchiyama F, Hisanaga N, Shibata E, Aoki T, Takagi H, Ando T, et al. Pulmonary metal distribution in urban dwellers. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 1997;70:77-84 pubmed
    ..However, the interlobar distribution patterns of the metals did not seem to be influenced by sex, smoking habits, or occupational exposure to metal-containing dust...
  2. Koistinen K, Edwards R, Mathys P, Ruuskanen J, Kunzli N, Jantunen M. Sources of fine particulate matter in personal exposures and residential indoor, residential outdoor and workplace microenvironments in the Helsinki phase of the EXPOLIS study. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2004;30 Suppl 2:36-46 pubmed
    ..5) in personal exposures and in residential indoor, residential outdoor, and workplace indoor microenvironments of the nonsmoking adult population unexposed to environmental tobacco smoke in Helsinki, Finland...
  3. Limson J, Nyokong T, Daya S. The interaction of melatonin and its precursors with aluminium, cadmium, copper, iron, lead, and zinc: an adsorptive voltammetric study. J Pineal Res. 1998;24:15-21 pubmed
    ..These studies suggest a further role for melatonin in the reduction of free radical generation and metal detoxification, and they may explain the accumulation of aluminium in Alzheimer's disease...
  4. Cenci R, Martin J. Concentration and fate of trace metals in Mekong River delta. Sci Total Environ. 2004;332:167-82 pubmed
  5. Givon U, Sher Lurie N, Schindler A, Ganel A. Titanium elastic nail--a useful instrument for the treatment of simple bone cyst. J Pediatr Orthop. 2004;24:317-8 pubmed
    ..This flexible nail allows creation of connections to the medullary canal in several directions through one cortical hole...
  6. Matschat R, Hassler J, Traub H, Dette A. Multielement trace determination in SiC powders: assessment of interlaboratory comparisons aimed at the validation and standardization of analytical procedures with direct solid sampling based on ETV ICP OES and DC arc OES. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2005;383:1060-74 pubmed
    ..Good agreement was found for most of the analytes...
  7. Gwyn D, Olney B, Dart B, Czuwala P. Rotational control of various pediatric femur fractures stabilized with titanium elastic intramedullary nails. J Pediatr Orthop. 2004;24:172-7 pubmed
    ..These results suggest this method of internal fixation provides a consistent means of rotational stability for a variety of fracture patterns in a synthetic model...
  8. Park S, Kim H, Yu T. Effect of titanium ion and resistance encoding plasmid of Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 10145. J Microbiol. 2006;44:255-62 pubmed
    ..The survival rate of the transformed DH5alpha also increased more than 3-fold compared to that of untransformed DH5alpha...
  9. Rebhandl W, Steffan I, Schramel P, Puig S, Paya K, Schwanzer E, et al. Release of toxic metals from button batteries retained in the stomach: An in vitro study. J Pediatr Surg. 2002;37:87-92 pubmed
    ..The authors therefore performed an experimental study to determine the cumulative load of various toxic elements released from retained button cells in simulated gastric juice...
  10. Ysart G, Miller P, Croasdale M, Crews H, Robb P, Baxter M, et al. 1997 UK Total Diet Study--dietary exposures to aluminium, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, lead, mercury, nickel, selenium, tin and zinc. Food Addit Contam. 2000;17:775-86 pubmed
    ..There has been little change in UK estimates of selenium exposure since the 1994 Total Diet Study but current-estimates (0.039 mg/day) are lower than those derived from earlier Total Diet Studies...
  11. Liu T, Liu S, Chang C, Yang R. Concentration of metal elements in the blood and urine in the patients with cementless total knee arthroplasty. Tohoku J Exp Med. 1998;185:253-62 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, elevated concentration of metal elements may indicate a loosening of prosthesis while the clinical significance of the metal element concentration in the urine needs further investigation...
  12. Yang Y, Jin X, Yan C, Tian Y, Tang J, Shen X. Urinary level of nickel and acute leukaemia in Chinese children. Toxicol Ind Health. 2008;24:603-10 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study suggests that Ni may be an etiologic factor for childhood acute leukaemia by oxidative DNA damage...
  13. Apostoli P, Catalani S. [Mechanisms of action for metallic elements and their species classified carcinogen R 45 and R 49 by EU]. G Ital Med Lav Ergon. 2008;30:382-91 pubmed
    ..It has been also strongly supported the hypothesis that the metallic elements may act as a co-carcinogen with other organic compounds, for example with PAH...
  14. Apostoli P, Catalani S. [Metallic elements in 31st updating of 67/548/EEC directive]. G Ital Med Lav Ergon. 2009;31:177-81 pubmed
  15. DeryƂo A, Seniuk A, Wasilewski K. [The metal concentration in water and ground deposit in the area of Upper Silesia]. Przegl Lek. 2001;58 Suppl 7:18-24 pubmed
    ..0 mg/kg. The highest concentration of this metal in the ground deposits was 103.14 mg/kg. Magnesium (Mg) was on average present in the deposits in the concentration of 1913 mg/kg and its highest concentration reached 6777.89 mg/kg...
  16. Kuo H, Kuo S, Chou C, Lee T. Determination of 14 elements in Taiwanese bones. Sci Total Environ. 2000;255:45-54 pubmed
    ..The authors suggest that further studies be conducted to establish a normal value of elements in human bone in Taiwan. This will greatly benefit the understanding of the relationship between disease pattern and elements in human bone...