indium

Summary

Summary: A metallic element, atomic number 49, atomic weight 114.818, symbol In. It is named from its blue line in the spectrum.

Top Publications

  1. Liu H, Chen C, Chen G, Lee L, Chen H. Relationship between indium exposure and oxidative damage in workers in indium tin oxide production plants. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2012;85:447-53 pubmed publisher
    The study aimed to assess the relationship between indium exposure and surfactant protein and any oxidative damage in indium tin oxide (ITO)-exposed workers.
  2. Ghaffari M, Motlagh B. In vitro effect of lead, silver, tin, mercury, indium and bismuth on human sperm creatine kinase activity: a presumable mechanism for men infertility. Iran Biomed J. 2011;15:38-43 pubmed
    The aim of the present study was to investigate the in vitro effects of mercury (Hg+2), lead (Pb+2), silver (Ag+2), tin (Sn+2), bismuth (Bi+3) and indium (In+3) ions on sperm creatine kinase.
  3. Cummings K, Suarthana E, Edwards N, Liang X, Stanton M, Day G, et al. Serial evaluations at an indium-tin oxide production facility. Am J Ind Med. 2013;56:300-7 pubmed publisher
    We evaluated the effectiveness of workplace changes to prevent indium lung disease, using 2002-2010 surveillance data collected by an indium-tin oxide production facility.
  4. Yu I, Acosta Ramírez A, Mehrkhodavandi P. Mechanism of living lactide polymerization by dinuclear indium catalysts and its impact on isoselectivity. J Am Chem Soc. 2012;134:12758-73 pubmed publisher
    A family of racemic and enantiopure indium complexes 1-11 bearing bulky chiral diaminoaryloxy ligands, H(NNO(R)), were synthesized and fully characterized...
  5. Reddy B, Reddy M, Madan C, Kumar K, Rao M. Indium(III) chloride catalyzed three-component coupling reaction: a novel synthesis of 2-substituted aryl(indolyl)kojic acid derivatives as potent antifungal and antibacterial agents. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2010;20:7507-11 pubmed publisher
    ..These compounds are found to exhibit potent antifungal properties...
  6. Cummings K, Nakano M, Omae K, Takeuchi K, Chonan T, Xiao Y, et al. Indium lung disease. Chest. 2012;141:1512-1521 pubmed publisher
    Reports of pulmonary fibrosis, emphysema, and, more recently, pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) in indium workers suggested that workplace exposure to indium compounds caused several different lung diseases.
  7. Yu X, Wang L, Di J. Electrochemical deposition of high density gold nanoparticles on indium/tin oxide electrode for fabrication of biosensors. J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2011;11:11084-8 pubmed
    High density gold nanoparticles (GNPs) on indium tin oxide (ITO) film coated glass have been prepared by one-step electrochemical deposition from KAu(CN)2 in phosphate buffer (pH 8.0) solution...
  8. Helle M, Cassette E, Bezdetnaya L, Pons T, Leroux A, Plenat F, et al. Visualisation of sentinel lymph node with indium-based near infrared emitting Quantum Dots in a murine metastatic breast cancer model. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e44433 pubmed publisher
    ..Our recent work demonstrated that indium-based QDs exhibit a weak acute local toxicity in vivo compared to their cadmium-based counterparts...
  9. Gao Y, Li H, Liu J. Direct writing of flexible electronics through room temperature liquid metal ink. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e45485 pubmed publisher

More Information

Publications61

  1. Reus W, Thuo M, Shapiro N, Nijhuis C, Whitesides G. The SAM, not the electrodes, dominates charge transport in metal-monolayer//Ga2O3/gallium-indium eutectic junctions. ACS Nano. 2012;6:4806-22 pubmed publisher
    The liquid-metal eutectic of gallium and indium (EGaIn) is a useful electrode for making soft electrical contacts to self-assembled monolayers (SAMs)...
  2. Nagano K, Nishizawa T, Eitaki Y, Ohnishi M, Noguchi T, Arito H, et al. Pulmonary toxicity in mice by 2- and 13-week inhalation exposures to indium-tin oxide and indium oxide aerosols. J Occup Health. 2011;53:234-9 pubmed
    Inhalation toxicities of indium-tin oxide (ITO) and indium oxide (IO) in mice were characterized in comparison with those previously reported in rats.
  3. Surendra K, Qiu W, Corey E. A powerful new construction of complex chiral polycycles by an indium(III)-catalyzed cationic cascade. J Am Chem Soc. 2011;133:9724-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The method has been applied to the synthesis of chiral fused hexacyclic ring systems with the creation of multiple new stereocenters. The power and scope of the method are illustrated by a variety of examples...
  4. Hohman J, Kim M, Wadsworth G, Bednar H, Jiang J, Lethai M, et al. Directing substrate morphology via self-assembly: ligand-mediated scission of gallium-indium microspheres to the nanoscale. Nano Lett. 2011;11:5104-10 pubmed publisher
    We have developed a facile method for the construction of liquid-phase eutectic gallium-indium (EGaIn) alloy nanoparticles. Particle formation is directed by molecular self-assembly and assisted by sonication...
  5. Nalla A, Buch I, Hesse B. Easy and efficient (111)indium labeling of long-term stored DTPA conjugated protein. Curr Radiopharm. 2011;4:1-4 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to monitor the labelling efficiency of a DTPA-conjugate on long-term storage using 111In-chloride at two different temperatures and incubation times for the In-labelling...
  6. Gwinn W, Qu W, Shines C, Bousquet R, Taylor G, Waalkes M, et al. Macrophage solubilization and cytotoxicity of indium-containing particles in vitro. Toxicol Sci. 2013;135:414-24 pubmed publisher
    b>Indium-containing particles (ICPs) are used extensively in the microelectronics industry. Pulmonary toxicity is observed after inhalation exposure to ICPs; however, the mechanism(s) of pathogenesis is unclear...
  7. Choi S, Kim E, Hyeon T. One-pot synthesis of copper-indium sulfide nanocrystal heterostructures with acorn, bottle, and larva shapes. J Am Chem Soc. 2006;128:2520-1 pubmed
    ..By varying the reaction temperature and time, we were able to synthesize Cu-In sulfide nanocrystals with acorn, bottle, and larva shapes...
  8. Zimmer J, Kim S, Ohnishi S, Tanaka E, Frangioni J, Bawendi M. Size series of small indium arsenide-zinc selenide core-shell nanocrystals and their application to in vivo imaging. J Am Chem Soc. 2006;128:2526-7 pubmed
    ..The biological utility of these fluorescent probes resulted from our intentional choice to match the semiconductor material and water-soluble ligand with a desired final hydrodynamic diameter and emission wavelength...
  9. Ye E, Zhang S, Lim S, Liu S, Han M. Morphological tuning, self-assembly and optical properties of indium oxide nanocrystals. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2010;12:11923-9 pubmed publisher
    ..were used as reaction media/coordinating ligands to achieve systematic morphological control over amphoteric indium oxide nanostructures...
  10. Chen H. Exposure and health risk of gallium, indium, and arsenic from semiconductor manufacturing industry workers. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2007;78:123-7 pubmed
  11. Hedges D, Richardson D, Russell D. Electrochemical control of protein monolayers at indium tin oxide surfaces for the reagentless optical biosensing of nitric oxide. Langmuir. 2004;20:1901-8 pubmed
    Cytochrome c has been immobilized onto functionalized, optically transparent indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes by covalent and electrostatic techniques...
  12. Shen Z, Yeo Y, Loh T. Indium-copper and indium-silver mediated barbier-grignard-type alkylation reaction of aldehydes using unactivated alkyl halides in water. J Org Chem. 2008;73:3922-4 pubmed publisher
    ..In, CuI or AgI, and I(2) were all essential for the efficient progress of the reactions. A radical-type reaction mechanism was studied and proposed by using 4-pentenal as substrate...
  13. Woo R, Xiao R, Kobayashi Y, Gao L, Goel N, Hudait M, et al. Effect of twinning on the photoluminescence and photoelectrochemical properties of indium phosphide nanowires grown on silicon (111). Nano Lett. 2008;8:4664-9 pubmed publisher
    The relationship between crystal quality and the properties of indium phosphide nanowires grown on silicon (111) has been studied by transmission electron microscopy, photoluminescence spectroscopy, and photoelectrochemistry...
  14. Gottschling B, Maronpot R, Hailey J, Peddada S, Moomaw C, Klaunig J, et al. The role of oxidative stress in indium phosphide-induced lung carcinogenesis in rats. Toxicol Sci. 2001;64:28-40 pubmed
    b>Indium phosphide (IP), widely used in the microelectronics industry, was tested for potential carcinogenicity. Sixty male and 60 female Fischer 344 rats were exposed by aerosol for 6 h/day, 5 days/week, for 21 weeks (0.1 or 0...
  15. Durmus M, Ahsen V. Water-soluble cationic gallium(III) and indium(III) phthalocyanines for photodynamic therapy. J Inorg Biochem. 2010;104:297-309 pubmed publisher
    The new tetra-non-peripheral and peripheral 2-mercaptopyridine substituted gallium(III) and indium(III) phthalocyanine complexes (np-GaPc, p-GaPc, np-InPc and p-InPc) and their quaternized derivatives (Qnp-GaPc, Qp-GaPc, Qnp-InPc and Qp-..
  16. Omura M, Hirata M, Tanaka A, Zhao M, Makita Y, Inoue N, et al. Testicular toxicity evaluation of arsenic-containing binary compound semiconductors, gallium arsenide and indium arsenide, in hamsters. Toxicol Lett. 1996;89:123-9 pubmed
    The testicular toxicities of gallium arsenide (GaAs), indium arsenide (InAs) and arsenic trioxide (As2O3) were examined by repetitive intratracheal instillation using hamsters. GaAs (7.7 mg/kg) and As2O3 (1...
  17. Gao L, Woo R, Liang B, Pozuelo M, Prikhodko S, Jackson M, et al. Self-catalyzed epitaxial growth of vertical indium phosphide nanowires on silicon. Nano Lett. 2009;9:2223-8 pubmed publisher
    Vertical indium phosphide nanowires have been grown epitaxially on silicon (111) by metalorganic vapor-phase epitaxy. Liquid indium droplets were formed in situ and used to catalyze deposition...
  18. Hamaguchi T, Omae K, Takebayashi T, Kikuchi Y, Yoshioka N, Nishiwaki Y, et al. Exposure to hardly soluble indium compounds in ITO production and recycling plants is a new risk for interstitial lung damage. Occup Environ Med. 2008;65:51-5 pubmed
    To identify the effects of indium on the lung and to assess exposure-effect and exposure-response relations between indium exposure and effects on the lungs.
  19. Chonan T, Taguchi O, Omae K. Interstitial pulmonary disorders in indium-processing workers. Eur Respir J. 2007;29:317-24 pubmed
    The production of indium-tin oxide has increased, owing to the increased manufacture of liquid-crystal panels...
  20. Liao Y, Hwang L, Kao J, Yiin S, Lin S, Lin C, et al. Lipid peroxidation in workers exposed to aluminium, gallium, indium, arsenic, and antimony in the optoelectronic industry. J Occup Environ Med. 2006;48:789-93 pubmed
    The objective of this study was to investigate whether exposure to aluminum, gallium, indium, arsenic, and antimony induces lipid peroxidation in humans.
  21. Yang L, Li Y. AFM and impedance spectroscopy characterization of the immobilization of antibodies on indium-tin oxide electrode through self-assembled monolayer of epoxysilane and their capture of Escherichia coli O157:H7. Biosens Bioelectron. 2005;20:1407-16 pubmed
    ..electrochemical impedance properties of the epoxysilane monolayer and anti-Escherichia coli antibody layer on an indium-tin oxide (ITO) electrode surface were studied in this paper...
  22. Vaddiraju S, Mohite A, Chin A, Meyyappan M, Sumanasekera G, Alphenaar B, et al. Mechanisms of 1D crystal growth in reactive vapor transport: indium nitride nanowires. Nano Lett. 2005;5:1625-31 pubmed
    b>Indium nitride (InN) nanowire synthesis using indium (In) vapor transport in a dissociated ammonia environment (reactive vapor transport) is studied in detail to understand the nucleation and growth mechanisms involved with the so-called &..
  23. Ge C, Armstrong N, Saavedra S. pH-sensing properties of poly(aniline) ultrathin films self-assembled on indium-tin oxide. Anal Chem. 2007;79:1401-10 pubmed
    The structural and functional properties of ultrathin (<5 nm) poly(aniline) (PANI) films deposited on indium-tin oxide (ITO) have been investigated using electrochemical and attenuated total reflection (ATR) spectroscopy methods...
  24. Asakura K, Satoh H, Chiba M, Okamoto M, Serizawa K, Nakano M, et al. Genotoxicity studies of heavy metals: lead, bismuth, indium, silver and antimony. J Occup Health. 2009;51:498-512 pubmed
    ..Therefore, we examined the genotoxicity of lead and also those of metallic bismuth, indium, silver and antimony which are possible substitutes for lead in solder.
  25. Buffet J, Okuda J, Arnold P. Chiral indium alkoxide complexes as initiators for the stereoselective ring-opening polymerization of rac-lactide. Inorg Chem. 2010;49:419-26 pubmed publisher
    The indium complex InL(2)N'' has been prepared from the reaction of 2 equiv of ((t)Bu)(2)P(O)CH(2)CH((t)Bu)OH (HL) with InN''(3) (N'' = N(SiMe(3))(2))...
  26. Chen H. Gallium, indium, and arsenic pollution of groundwater from a semiconductor manufacturing area of Taiwan. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2006;77:289-96 pubmed
  27. Liao Y, Yu H, Ho C, Wu M, Yang C, Chen J, et al. Biological monitoring of exposures to aluminium, gallium, indium, arsenic, and antimony in optoelectronic industry workers. J Occup Environ Med. 2004;46:931-6 pubmed
    The main objective of this study was to investigate aluminum, gallium, indium, arsenic, and antimony exposures on blood and urine levels in the optoelectronic workers. One hundred seventy subjects were enrolled in this cohort study...
  28. Pietrangelo A, Knight S, Gupta A, Yao L, Hillmyer M, Tolman W. Mechanistic study of the stereoselective polymerization of D,L-lactide using indium(III) halides. J Am Chem Soc. 2010;132:11649-57 pubmed publisher
    ..stereoselective and controlled polymerization of racemic lactide (D,L-LA) using an initiator prepared in situ from indium(III) chloride (InCl(3)), benzyl alcohol (BnOH), and triethylamine (NEt(3))...
  29. Saalfrank R, Prakash R, Maid H, Hampel F, Heinemann F, Trautwein A, et al. Synthesis and characterization of metal-centered, six-membered, mixed-valent, heterometallic wheels of iron, manganese, and indium. Chemistry. 2006;12:2428-33 pubmed
    Heptanuclear metal-centered, six-membered, mixed-valent, heterometallic wheels 1-3 of iron, manganese, and indium were prepared in a one-pot reaction from N-benzyldiethanolamine (H2L(1)), cesium carbonate, [PPh4]2[MnCl4], and FeCl3 or ..
  30. Schneider U, Ueno M, Kobayashi S. Catalytic use of indium(0) for carbon-carbon bond transformations in water: general catalytic allylations of ketones with allylboronates. J Am Chem Soc. 2008;130:13824-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The applicability of this concept to asymmetric catalysis in water by using In(0) combined with a chiral bis(oxazoline) ligand was demonstrated as well...
  31. Chen J, Cheng Z, Miao Y, Jurisson S, Quinn T. Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone peptide analogs labeled with technetium-99m and indium-111 for malignant melanoma targeting. Cancer. 2002;94:1196-201 pubmed
  32. Tanaka A. Toxicity of indium arsenide, gallium arsenide, and aluminium gallium arsenide. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2004;198:405-11 pubmed
    Gallium arsenide (GaAs), indium arsenide (InAs), and aluminium gallium arsenide (AlGaAs) are semiconductor applications...
  33. Mohammadi K, Thompson K, Patrick B, Storr T, Martins C, Polishchuk E, et al. Synthesis and characterization of dual function vanadyl, gallium and indium curcumin complexes for medicinal applications. J Inorg Biochem. 2005;99:2217-25 pubmed
    ..Gallium and indium curcumin complexes had IC(50) values in the same 5-10 microM range; whereas Ga(DAC)(3) and In(DAC)(3) (where DAC=..
  34. Pill S, Parvizi J, Tang P, Garino J, Nelson C, Zhuang H, et al. Comparison of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and (111)indium-white blood cell imaging in the diagnosis of periprosthetic infection of the hip. J Arthroplasty. 2006;21:91-7 pubmed
    ..the accuracy of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) with technetium-99m sulfur colloid (111)indium-labeled white blood cell scintigraphy (TcSC-Ind BM/WBC) in diagnosis of periprosthetic infection...
  35. Woo R, Gao L, Goel N, Hudait M, Wang K, Kodambaka S, et al. Kinetic control of self-catalyzed indium phosphide nanowires, nanocones, and nanopillars. Nano Lett. 2009;9:2207-11 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Indium droplets were used as the catalyst and were generated in situ in the metalorganic vapor-phase epitaxy reactor...
  36. Lison D, Laloy J, Corazzari I, Muller J, Rabolli V, Panin N, et al. Sintered indium-tin-oxide (ITO) particles: a new pneumotoxic entity. Toxicol Sci. 2009;108:472-81 pubmed publisher
    b>Indium-Tin-Oxide (ITO) is a sintered mixture of indium- (In(2)O(3)) and tin-oxide (SnO(2)) in a ratio of 90:10 (wt:wt) that is used for the manufacture of LCD screens and related high technology applications...
  37. Nakano M, Omae K, Tanaka A, Hirata M, Michikawa T, Kikuchi Y, et al. Causal relationship between indium compound inhalation and effects on the lungs. J Occup Health. 2009;51:513-21 pubmed
    Recent case reports and epidemiological studies suggest that inhalation of indium dust induces lung damage.
  38. Yan T, Long J, Shi X, Wang D, Li Z, Wang X. Efficient photocatalytic degradation of volatile organic compounds by porous indium hydroxide nanocrystals. Environ Sci Technol. 2010;44:1380-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The excellent photocatalytic performance of In(OH)(3) can be attributed to its strong oxidation capability, abundant surface hydroxyl groups, and high BET surface area as well as the porous texture...
  39. Peckermann I, Kapelski A, Spaniol T, Okuda J. Indium complexes supported by 1,omega-dithiaalkanediyl-bridged bis(phenolato) ligands: synthesis, structure, and controlled ring-opening polymerization of L-lactide. Inorg Chem. 2009;48:5526-34 pubmed publisher
    b>Indium bis(phenolato) complexes [In(L)R(THF)(n)] (L = 1,4-dithiabutanediylbis(4,6-di-tert-butylphenolato) (etbbp), R = Cl, n = 0, 1; L = 1,3-dithiapropanediylbis(6-tert-butyl-4-methylphenolato) (mtbmp), R = Me, n = 1, 2; L = 1,4-..
  40. Zeng Z, Wang K, Zhang Z, Chen J, Zhou W. The detection of H2S at room temperature by using individual indium oxide nanowire transistors. Nanotechnology. 2009;20:045503 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, the nanosensors show a good selective detection of H(2)S under exposure to NH(3) and CO even at 1000 ppm; they are highly promising for practical applications in detection of low concentration H(2)S at room temperature...
  41. Chaniotakis N, Sofikiti N. Novel semiconductor materials for the development of chemical sensors and biosensors: a review. Anal Chim Acta. 2008;615:1-9 pubmed publisher
    ..selective interaction of novel semiconductor surfaces, including doped conductive diamond, gallium nitride, and indium nitride, with the analyte, and how this interaction can be properly transduced using semiconductor technology...
  42. Mitzel T, Wzorek J, Troutman A, Allegue K. Control of skeletal connectivity in indium promoted reactions: 1,2-additions and cope rearrangements en route to lactol formation. J Org Chem. 2007;72:3042-52 pubmed
    b>Indium promoted coupling reactions between propargyl aldehydes (3) and allyl halides under aqueous and organic conditions are reported...
  43. Tanaka A, Hirata M, Homma T, Kiyohara Y. Chronic pulmonary toxicity study of indium-tin oxide and indium oxide following intratracheal instillations into the lungs of hamsters. J Occup Health. 2010;52:14-22 pubmed
    The aim of this study was to clarify the chronic toxicological effects of indium-tin oxide (ITO) and indium oxide (In(2)O(3)) on laboratory animals.
  44. Dayeh S, Yu E, Wang D. Excess indium and substrate effects on the growth of InAs nanowires. Small. 2007;3:1683-7 pubmed
  45. Hohmann M, Agoston P, Wachau A, Bayer T, Brötz J, Albe K, et al. Orientation dependent ionization potential of In2O3: a natural source for inhomogeneous barrier formation at electrode interfaces in organic electronics. J Phys Condens Matter. 2011;23:334203 pubmed publisher
    ..The influence of the deposition technique on the formation of stable surface terminations is also discussed...
  46. Singh T, Bhattarcharya S, Singh O. Indium/TFA-catalyzed synthesis of tetracyclic [6,5,5,6] indole ring, via a tandem cycloannulation of ?-oxodithioester with tryptamine. Org Lett. 2013;15:1974-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The reaction was proposed to involve a tandem transformation of thioamide, protonation, and dehydrative cyclization. KMnO4-oxidation of these newly prepared compounds yielded oxidative desulfurization products in good yields...
  47. Fang H, Bechtel H, Plis E, Martin M, Krishna S, Yablonovitch E, et al. Quantum of optical absorption in two-dimensional semiconductors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:11688-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Absorptance quantization appears to be universal in 2D systems including III-V quantum wells and graphene. ..
  48. Ding C, Wang H, Song H, Li Z, Li X, Ye S, et al. Occupational Exposure to Indium of Indium Smelter Workers. Biomed Environ Sci. 2016;29:379-84 pubmed publisher
    Case reports of indium-related lung disease in workers have raised public concern to the human toxicity of indium (In) and its compounds. However, studies evaluating the exposure or health of workers in In smelting plants are rare...
  49. Tsuchimoto T, Kanbara M. Reductive alkylation of indoles with alkynes and hydrosilanes under indium catalysis. Org Lett. 2011;13:912-5 pubmed publisher
    Under Indium catalysis, diverse alkylindoles were successfully prepared with a flexible combination of indoles and alkynes in the presence of hydrosilanes. In addition to the hydrosilane, carbon nucleophiles are also available...
  50. Wu C, Liu Y, Zeng H, Liu L, Wang D, Chen Y. In(III)-catalyzed tandem reaction of chromone-derived Morita-Baylis-Hillman alcohols with amines. Org Biomol Chem. 2011;9:253-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The tandem allylic amination/chromen ring-opening/Michael cyclization reactions were involved in this protocol...
  51. Heedt S, Morgan C, Weis K, Bürgler D, Calarco R, Hardtdegen H, et al. Electrical spin injection into InN semiconductor nanowires. Nano Lett. 2012;12:4437-43 pubmed publisher
    We report on the conditions necessary for the electrical injection of spin-polarized electrons into indium nitride nanowires synthesized from the bottom up by molecular beam epitaxy...
  52. Ma X, Tang Q, Ke J, Yang X, Zhang J, Shao H. InCl3 catalyzed highly diastereoselective [3 + 2] cycloaddition of 1,2-cyclopropanated sugars with aldehydes: a straightforward synthesis of persubstituted bis-tetrahydrofurans and perhydrofuro[2,3-b]pyrans. Org Lett. 2013;15:5170-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Persubstituted cyclization products were obtained in good to excellent yields. The [3 + 2] cycloaddition of 1,2-cyclopropanated sugars with aldehydes in the presence of InCl3 is highly diastereoselective. ..