cesium

Summary

Summary: A member of the alkali metals. It has an atomic symbol Cs, atomic number 50, and atomic weight 132.91. Cesium has many industrial applications, including the construction of atomic clocks based on its atomic vibrational frequency.

Top Publications

  1. Wu H, Tang S, Zhang X, Guo J, Song Z, Tian S, et al. Using elevated CO2 to increase the biomass of a Sorghum vulgare x Sorghum vulgare var. sudanense hybrid and Trifolium pratense L. and to trigger hyperaccumulation of cesium. J Hazard Mater. 2009;170:861-70 pubmed publisher
    ..sudanense hybrid and Trifolium pratense L. growing on soils spiked with various levels of cesium (0, 300, 1500 and 3000 mg Cs kg(-1))...
  2. Parab H, Sudersanan M. Engineering a lignocellulosic biosorbent--coir pith for removal of cesium from aqueous solutions: equilibrium and kinetic studies. Water Res. 2010;44:854-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Sorption capacity of coir pith (CP) before and after loading of NiHCF was investigated for cesium (Cs) in batch equilibrium studies...
  3. Namiki Y, Namiki T, Ishii Y, Koido S, Nagase Y, Tsubota A, et al. Inorganic-organic magnetic nanocomposites for use in preventive medicine: a rapid and reliable elimination system for cesium. Pharm Res. 2012;29:1404-18 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the potential use of Prussian blue-coated magnetic nanoparticles, termed "Prussian blueberry", to bring about the magnetic elimination of cesium.
  4. Koizumi A, Harada K, Niisoe T, Adachi A, Fujii Y, Hitomi T, et al. Preliminary assessment of ecological exposure of adult residents in Fukushima Prefecture to radioactive cesium through ingestion and inhalation. Environ Health Prev Med. 2012;17:292-8 pubmed publisher
    This study aims to estimate the ecological exposure of adult residents of Fukushima Prefecture to ¹³?cesium (Cs) and ¹³?Cs through ingestion and inhalation between July 2 and July 8, 2011.
  5. Avramenko V, Bratskaya S, Zheleznov V, Sheveleva I, Voitenko O, Sergienko V. Colloid stable sorbents for cesium removal: preparation and application of latex particles functionalized with transition metals ferrocyanides. J Hazard Mater. 2011;186:1343-50 pubmed publisher
    In this paper we suggest a principally new approach to preparation of colloid stable selective sorbents for cesium uptake using immobilization of transition metals (cobalt, nickel, and copper) ferrocyanides in nanosized carboxylic latex ..
  6. Adachi K, Kajino M, Zaizen Y, Igarashi Y. Emission of spherical cesium-bearing particles from an early stage of the Fukushima nuclear accident. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2554 pubmed publisher
    ..The finding of the spherical Cs particles will be a key to understand the processes of the accident and to accurately evaluate the health impacts and the residence time in the environment. ..
  7. Fukuda K, Akatsuka K, Ebina Y, Ma R, Takada K, Nakai I, et al. Exfoliated nanosheet crystallite of cesium tungstate with 2D pyrochlore structure: synthesis, characterization, and photochromic properties. ACS Nano. 2008;2:1689-95 pubmed publisher
    Layered cesium tungstate, Cs(6+x)W(11)O(36), with two-dimensional (2D) pyrochlore structure was exfoliated into colloidal unilamellar sheets through a soft-chemical process...
  8. Sangvanich T, Sukwarotwat V, Wiacek R, Grudzien R, Fryxell G, Addleman R, et al. Selective capture of cesium and thallium from natural waters and simulated wastes with copper ferrocyanide functionalized mesoporous silica. J Hazard Mater. 2010;182:225-31 pubmed publisher
    ..FC-Cu-EDA-SAMMS) has been evaluated against iron(III) hexacyanoferrate(II) (insoluble Prussian Blue) for removing cesium (Cs(+)) and thallium (Tl(+)) from natural waters and simulated acidic and alkaline wastes. From pH 0.1-7...
  9. Timchalk C, Creim J, Sukwarotwat V, Wiacek R, Addleman R, Fryxell G, et al. In vitro and in vivo evaluation of a novel ferrocyanide functionalized nanopourous silica decorporation agent for cesium in rats. Health Phys. 2010;99:420-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The comparable response may be the result of the low (137)Cs chloride dose and high sorbent dosage that was utilized. Future studies are planned to optimize the performance of SAMMS in vivo over a broader range of doses and conditions...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Crupi C, D Angelo G, Vasi C. Low-energy vibrational dynamics of cesium borate glasses. J Phys Chem B. 2012;116:6499-505 pubmed publisher
    Low-temperature specific heat and inelastic light scattering experiments have been performed on a series of cesium borate glasses and on a cesium borate crystal...
  2. Shirotani D, Sato H, Yamanari K, Kaizaki S. Electronic circular dichroism in the 4f-4f transitions of a series of cesium tetrakis (+)-3-heptafluorobutyrylcamphorate Ln(III) complexes. Dalton Trans. 2012;41:10557-67 pubmed publisher
  3. Parajuli D, Tanaka H, Hakuta Y, Minami K, Fukuda S, Umeoka K, et al. Dealing with the aftermath of Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident: decontamination of radioactive cesium enriched ash. Environ Sci Technol. 2013;47:3800-6 pubmed publisher
    Environmental radioactivity, mainly in the Tohoku and Kanto areas, due to the long living radioisotopes of cesium is an obstacle to speedy recovery from the impacts of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident...
  4. Concha G, Broberg K, Grandér M, Cardozo A, Palm B, Vahter M. High-level exposure to lithium, boron, cesium, and arsenic via drinking water in the Andes of northern Argentina. Environ Sci Technol. 2010;44:6875-80 pubmed publisher
    ..drinking water (up to 210 microg/L), we found remarkably high concentrations of lithium (highest 1000 microg/L), cesium (320 microg/L), rubidium (47 microg/L), and boron (5950 microg/L)...
  5. Casagrande V, Del Vescovo V, Militti C, Mangiapelo E, Frontali L, Negri R, et al. Cesium chloride sensing and signaling in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: an interplay among the HOG and CWI MAPK pathways and the transcription factor Yaf9. FEMS Yeast Res. 2009;9:400-10 pubmed publisher
    ..In a previous work, we showed that cesium chloride activates the HOG pathway and modulates the transcription of several genes, especially those involved in ..
  6. Lunkley J, Shirotani D, Yamanari K, Kaizaki S, Muller G. Extraordinary circularly polarized luminescence activity exhibited by cesium tetrakis(3-heptafluoro-butylryl-(+)-camphorato) Eu(III) complexes in EtOH and CHCl3 solutions. J Am Chem Soc. 2008;130:13814-5 pubmed publisher
    The largest CPL activity ever measured was observed for cesium tetrakis(3-heptafluoro-butylryl-(+)-camphorato) Eu(III) complexes in EtOH and CHCl3 solutions substantiating the stereospecific formation of chiral Delta-SAPR-(C4) ..
  7. Dalal A, Harding J, Verdino R. Acquired long QT syndrome and monomorphic ventricular tachycardia after alternative treatment with cesium chloride for brain cancer. Mayo Clin Proc. 2004;79:1065-9 pubmed
    ..b>Cesium chloride is an unregulated agent that has been reported to have antineoplastic properties...
  8. Rong X, Shaw C, Liu X, Lemacks M, Thompson S. Comparison of an amorphous silicon/cesium iodide flat-panel digital chest radiography system with screen/film and computed radiography systems--a contrast-detail phantom study. Med Phys. 2001;28:2328-35 pubmed
    ..In this study, the low-contrast performance of an amorphous silicon/cesium iodide (aSi/Csl)-based flat-panel digital chest radiography system is compared to those of a screen/film and a ..
  9. Wang T, Li M, Yeh W, Wei Y, Teng S. Removal of cesium ions from aqueous solution by adsorption onto local Taiwan laterite. J Hazard Mater. 2008;160:638-42 pubmed publisher
    Utilization of local Taiwan laterite (LTL) to remove aqueous cesium was investigated in this work under the conditions of various contact time, cesium (Cs) loading and temperature...
  10. Bossemeyer D, Schlosser A, Bakker E. Specific cesium transport via the Escherichia coli Kup (TrkD) K+ uptake system. J Bacteriol. 1989;171:2219-21 pubmed
    ..Regardless of the presence or absence of Kup, K+-replete cells took up Cs+ primarily by a very low affinity mode, proportional to the ratio of the Cs+ and K+ concentrations in the medium...
  11. Leggett R, Williams L, Melo D, Lipsztein J. A physiologically based biokinetic model for cesium in the human body. Sci Total Environ. 2003;317:235-55 pubmed
    A physiologically descriptive model of the biological behavior of cesium in the human body has been constructed around a detailed blood flow model...
  12. Relman A. The physiological behavior of rubidium and cesium in relation to that of potassium. Yale J Biol Med. 1956;29:248-62 pubmed
  13. Faustino P, Yang Y, Progar J, Brownell C, Sadrieh N, May J, et al. Quantitative determination of cesium binding to ferric hexacyanoferrate: Prussian blue. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2008;47:114-25 pubmed publisher
    ..is the first FDA approved medical countermeasure for the treatment of internal contamination with radioactive cesium (Cs) or thallium in the event of a major radiological incident such as a "dirty bomb"...
  14. Fedida D, Maruoka N, Lin S. Modulation of slow inactivation in human cardiac Kv1.5 channels by extra- and intracellular permeant cations. J Physiol. 1999;515 ( Pt 2):315-29 pubmed
    ..These results suggest the presence of ion binding sites capable of regulating inactivation located on both intracellular and extracellular sides of the pore selectivity filter...
  15. Alimonti A, Forte G, Spezia S, Gatti A, Mincione G, Ronchi A, et al. Uncertainty of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry based measurements: an application to the analysis of urinary barium, cesium, antimony and tungsten. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2005;19:3131-8 pubmed
    The wide use of barium (Ba), cesium (Cs), antimony (Sb) and tungsten (W) in many industrial and agricultural fields causes the increased release of these metals into the environment, laying the basis for health risk...
  16. Marincola F, Virno A, Randazzo A, Lai A. Effect of rubidium and cesium ions on the dimeric quaduplex formed by the Oxytricha nova telomeric repeat oligonucleotide d(GGGGTTTTGGGG). Nucleosides Nucleotides Nucleic Acids. 2007;26:1129-32 pubmed
  17. Stieber J, Stöckl G, Herrmann S, Hassfurth B, Hofmann F. Functional expression of the human HCN3 channel. J Biol Chem. 2005;280:34635-43 pubmed
    ..3. Like all other HCNs, hHCN3 was inhibited rapidly and reversibly by extracellular cesium and slowly and irreversibly by extracellular applied ZD7288...
  18. Jalali Rad R, Ghafourian H, Asef Y, Dalir S, Sahafipour M, Gharanjik B. Biosorption of cesium by native and chemically modified biomass of marine algae: introduce the new biosorbents for biotechnology applications. J Hazard Mater. 2004;116:125-34 pubmed
    Biosorption batch experiments were conducted to determine the cesium binding ability of native biomass and chemically modified biosorbents derived from marine algae, namely ferrocyanide algal sorbents type 1 and type 2 (FASs1 and FASs2)...
  19. Hampton C, Bowen H, Broadley M, Hammond J, Mead A, Payne K, et al. Cesium toxicity in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 2004;136:3824-37 pubmed
    b>Cesium (Cs) is chemically similar to potassium (K). However, although K is an essential element, Cs is toxic to plants...
  20. Volk M, Hamer O, Feuerbach S, Strotzer M. Dose reduction in skeletal and chest radiography using a large-area flat-panel detector based on amorphous silicon and thallium-doped cesium iodide: technical background, basic image quality parameters, and review of the literature. Eur Radiol. 2004;14:827-34 pubmed
    ..The large-area flat-panel detector based on amorphous silicon and thallium-doped cesium iodide provides a significant reduction of radiation dose in skeletal and chest radiography compared with ..
  21. Wang Z, Fedida D. Gating charge immobilization caused by the transition between inactivated states in the Kv1.5 channel. Biophys J. 2001;81:2614-27 pubmed
    ..5-W472F nonconducting mutant channels, and removes charge immobilization. Higher concentrations of Cs are able to modulate the deactivating transition in Kv1.5 channels and prevent the residual slowing of charge return...
  22. Heginbotham L, MacKinnon R. Conduction properties of the cloned Shaker K+ channel. Biophys J. 1993;65:2089-96 pubmed
    ..The single channel conductance displays an anomalous molefraction effect in symmetric mixtures of K+ and NH+4, suggesting that the conducting pore is occupied by multiple ions simultaneously...
  23. Zhou Y, MacKinnon R. Ion binding affinity in the cavity of the KcsA potassium channel. Biochemistry. 2004;43:4978-82 pubmed
    ..These results are consistent with a fairly large (more negative than -100 mV) electrostatic potential inside the cavity, and they also imply the presence of a weak nonelectrostatic component to a cation's interaction with the cavity...
  24. Santoro B, Liu D, Yao H, Bartsch D, Kandel E, Siegelbaum S, et al. Identification of a gene encoding a hyperpolarization-activated pacemaker channel of brain. Cell. 1998;93:717-29 pubmed
  25. Chorover J, Choi S, Amistadi M, Karthikeyan K, Crosson G, Mueller K. Linking cesium and strontium uptake to kaolinite weathering in simulated tank waste leachate. Environ Sci Technol. 2003;37:2200-8 pubmed
    ..Discrete strontium silicate solids were also observed. The incongruent dissolution of kaolinite promoted the sequestration of contaminants into increasingly recalcitrant solid phases over the 1-yr time period...
  26. Bostick B, Vairavamurthy M, Karthikeyan K, Chorover J. Cesium adsorption on clay minerals: an EXAFS spectroscopic investigation. Environ Sci Technol. 2002;36:2670-6 pubmed
    b>Cesium adsorption on the clay minerals vermiculite and montmorillonite is described as a function of surface coverage using extended X-ray adsorption fine structure spectroscopy (EXAFS)...
  27. Lee S, Ishida A. Ih without Kir in adult rat retinal ganglion cells. J Neurophysiol. 2007;97:3790-9 pubmed
    ..These results provide the first measurement of I(h) in mammalian retinal ganglion cells and indicate that the ion channels of rat retinal ganglion cells may vary in ways not expected from previous voltage and current recordings...
  28. Zhang H, Vassalle M. Mechanisms of adrenergic control of sino-atrial node discharge. J Biomed Sci. 2003;10:179-92 pubmed
    ..If I(f) is the primary mechanism, cesium (a blocker of I(f)) should eliminate the positive chronotropic effect of NE...
  29. Koizumi A, Jakobs T, Masland R. Inward rectifying currents stabilize the membrane potential in dendrites of mouse amacrine cells: patch-clamp recordings and single-cell RT-PCR. Mol Vis. 2004;10:328-40 pubmed
    ..To explore the possible existence of inward rectifying currents in the distal dendrites of amacrine cells...
  30. Demontis G, Longoni B, Barcaro U, Cervetto L. Properties and functional roles of hyperpolarization-gated currents in guinea-pig retinal rods. J Physiol. 1999;515 ( Pt 3):813-28 pubmed
  31. Senges J, Sterns L, Freigang K, Bauer A, Becker R, Kubler W, et al. Cesium chloride induced ventricular arrhythmias in dogs: three-dimensional activation patterns and their relation to the cesium dose applied. Basic Res Cardiol. 2000;95:152-62 pubmed
    b>Cesium chloride has widely been used in experimental models to produce various ventricular arrhythmias. The study was designed to evaluate whether type and mechanism of these arrhythmias are dose-dependent.
  32. Jones D, Petrie J, Li H. Spontaneous, electrically, and cesium chloride induced arrhythmia and afterdepolarizations in the rapidly paced dog heart. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2001;24:474-85 pubmed
    ..arrhythmia and early afterdepolarization (EAD) induced triggered activity elicited by exogenous administration of cesium chloride (CsCl). The hearts of 56 mongrel dogs were paced at 240 beats/min for 3-5 weeks (heart failure group)...
  33. Doyle D, Morais Cabral J, Pfuetzner R, Kuo A, Gulbis J, Cohen S, et al. The structure of the potassium channel: molecular basis of K+ conduction and selectivity. Science. 1998;280:69-77 pubmed
    ..The architecture of the pore establishes the physical principles underlying selective K+ conduction...
  34. Dobbins J, Samei E, Chotas H, Warp R, Baydush A, Floyd C, et al. Chest radiography: optimization of X-ray spectrum for cesium iodide-amorphous silicon flat-panel detector. Radiology. 2003;226:221-30 pubmed
    To ascertain the optimum x-ray spectrum for chest radiography with a cesium iodide-amorphous silicon flat-panel detector.
  35. Lima E, Ibarra I, Lara V, Bosch P, Bulbulian S. Cesium leaching from gamma-irradiated CsA and CsX zeolites. J Hazard Mater. 2008;160:614-20 pubmed publisher
    ..The incorporation of Cs+ ions into A and X zeolites was performed using three different cesium salts (chloride, nitrate or acetate)...
  36. Laremore T, Linhardt R. Improved matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometric detection of glycosaminoglycan disaccharides as cesium salts. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2007;21:1315-20 pubmed
    ..The lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, and cesium salts of SOS were analyzed by UV-MALDI-time-of-flight (TOF)MS using an ionic liquid matrix, bis-1,1,3,3-..
  37. Isaure M, Fraysse A, Deves G, Le Lay P, Fayard B, Susini J, et al. Micro-chemical imaging of cesium distribution in Arabidopsis thaliana plant and its interaction with potassium and essential trace elements. Biochimie. 2006;88:1583-90 pubmed
    b>Cesium as an alkali element exhibits a chemical reactivity similar to that of potassium, an essential element for plants...
  38. Dumètre A, Dardé M. Purification of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts by cesium chloride gradient. J Microbiol Methods. 2004;56:427-30 pubmed
    We describe the use of a cesium chloride (CsCl) gradient as an improvement for the purification of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts from concentrated suspensions...
  39. Rota M, Vassalle M. Patch-clamp analysis in canine cardiac Purkinje cells of a novel sodium component in the pacemaker range. J Physiol. 2003;548:147-65 pubmed
  40. Thompson J, Begenisich T. Functional identification of ion binding sites at the internal end of the pore in Shaker K+ channels. J Physiol. 2003;549:107-20 pubmed
    ..These results provide information on the fine-structure of ion interactions with the inner end of the pore in K+ channels...
  41. Mitra P, Miller R. Mechanism underlying rebound excitation in retinal ganglion cells. Vis Neurosci. 2007;24:709-31 pubmed
    ..The NDO boosts the generation of conventional sodium spikes which are triggered on its upstroke and crest, thus eliciting rebound excitation...
  42. Wang Z, Fedida D. Uncoupling of gating charge movement and closure of the ion pore during recovery from inactivation in the Kv1.5 channel. J Gen Physiol. 2002;120:249-60 pubmed
    ..This difference probably stems from the difference in the respective abilities of the two ions to limit inactivation to the P-type state or prevent it altogether...
  43. Kozak J, Kerschbaum H, Cahalan M. Distinct properties of CRAC and MIC channels in RBL cells. J Gen Physiol. 2002;120:221-35 pubmed
    ..The biophysical characteristics of MIC current match well with cloned and expressed TRPM7 channels. Previous results are reevaluated in terms of separate CRAC and MIC channels...
  44. Ray E, Deutsch C. A trapped intracellular cation modulates K+ channel recovery from slow inactivation. J Gen Physiol. 2006;128:203-17 pubmed
    ..We propose that the rate of recovery from slow inactivation is determined by the ability of entrapped cations to move into a binding site in the channel's selectivity filter, and refilling of this site is required for recovery...
  45. Liu D, Adams D. Ionic selectivity of native ATP-activated (P2X) receptor channels in dissociated neurones from rat parasympathetic ganglia. J Physiol. 2001;534:423-35 pubmed
    ..The relative permeabilities of the monovalent inoganic and organic cations tested are similar to those reported previously for cloned rat P2X(2) receptors expressed in mammalian cells...
  46. Zhou Y, MacKinnon R. The occupancy of ions in the K+ selectivity filter: charge balance and coupling of ion binding to a protein conformational change underlie high conduction rates. J Mol Biol. 2003;333:965-75 pubmed
    ..We conclude that electrostatic balance and coupling of ion binding to a protein conformational change underlie high conduction rates in the setting of high selectivity...
  47. Papathanassiou D, Liehn J, Bourgeot B, Amir R, Marcus C. Cesium attenuation correction of the liver dome revealing hepatic lesion missed with computed tomography attenuation correction because of the respiratory motion artifact. Clin Nucl Med. 2005;30:120-1 pubmed
  48. Orlando V. Mapping chromosomal proteins in vivo by formaldehyde-crosslinked-chromatin immunoprecipitation. Trends Biochem Sci. 2000;25:99-104 pubmed
    ..One of the most useful techniques for studying this level of gene regulation is the in vivo fixation by formaldehyde crosslinking of proteins to proteins and proteins to DNA, followed by immunoprecipitation of the fixed material...
  49. Wischmeyer E, Lentes K, Karschin A. Physiological and molecular characterization of an IRK-type inward rectifier K+ channel in a tumour mast cell line. Pflugers Arch. 1995;429:809-19 pubmed
    ..It is concluded that RBL cells express a classical voltage-dependent IRK-type K+ inward rectifier RBL-IRK1 which is negatively controlled by G proteins...
  50. Salvatore R, Nagle A, Jung K. Cesium effect: high chemoselectivity in direct N-alkylation of amines. J Org Chem. 2002;67:674-83 pubmed
    A novel method for the mono-N-alkylation of primary amines, diamines, and polyamines was developed using cesium bases in order to prepare secondary amines efficiently...
  51. Dabbagh R, Ebrahimi M, Aflaki F, Ghafourian H, Sahafipour M. Biosorption of stable cesium by chemically modified biomass of Sargassum glaucescens and Cystoseira indica in a continuous flow system. J Hazard Mater. 2008;159:354-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Stable cesium biosorption was studied in continuous fixed-bed column by chemically modified biosorbents...
  52. Lau Y, Wong C, Luo J, Leung L, Tsang P, Bian Z, et al. Effects of hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channel blockers on the proliferation and cell cycle progression of embryonic stem cells. Pflugers Arch. 2011;461:191-202 pubmed publisher
    ..Application of the HCN channel blockers, cesium (1-10 mM) or ZD7288 (0.1-30 ?M), attenuated cell proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner...
  53. Vermishian I, Sharoian S, Antonian A, Grigorian N, Mardanian S, Khoetsian A, et al. [Conformation of adenosine deaminase in complexes with inhibitors: application of selective quenching of fluorescence emission]. Biofizika. 2008;53:213-21 pubmed
    ..These data indicate that the local environments of fluorescing tryptophan residues is substantially distorted compared with free adenosine deaminase, which leads to their screening from charged heavy ions...