barium sulfate

Summary

Summary: A compound used as an x-ray contrast medium that occurs in nature as the mineral barite. It is also used in various manufacturing applications and mixed into heavy concrete to serve as a radiation shield.

Top Publications

  1. Okumura T, Kondo H, Suzuki K, Asamura H, Kobayashi T, Kaneko M, et al. Fluoroscopy-assisted thoracoscopic surgery after computed tomography-guided bronchoscopic barium marking. Ann Thorac Surg. 2001;71:439-42 pubmed
    ..We have developed a new marking technique and herein describe the efficacy of this technique: fluoroscopy-assisted thoracoscopic surgery after computed tomography-guided bronchoscopic barium marking...
  2. Saphier S, Rosner A, Brandeis R, Karton Y. Gastro intestinal tracking and gastric emptying of solid dosage forms in rats using X-ray imaging. Int J Pharm. 2010;388:190-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Commercial gelatin minicapsules were filled with barium sulfate and enterically coated using Eudragit S100...
  3. Raphaeli T, Parimi C, Mattix K, Javid P. Acute colonic obstruction from Ladd bands: a unique complication from intestinal malrotation. J Pediatr Surg. 2010;45:630-1 pubmed publisher
    ..However, acute obstruction of the colon from Ladd bands has not been previously described. We report a case of complete obstruction of the hepatic flexure of the colon secondary to a Ladd band in a previously healthy teenage boy...
  4. Ricker A, Liu Snyder P, Webster T. The influence of nano MgO and BaSO4 particle size additives on properties of PMMA bone cement. Int J Nanomedicine. 2008;3:125-32 pubmed
    ..This study, thus, suggests that nanoparticles of MgO and BaSO4 should be further studied for improving properties of PMMA for orthopedic applications...
  5. Yamamoto K, Azuma M, Kuroda C, Kubo T, Yabunaka K, Yamazaki H, et al. Radiation dose in mass screening for gastric cancer with high-concentration barium sulfate compared with moderate-concentration barium sulfate. Australas Phys Eng Sci Med. 2009;32:88-91 pubmed
    Recently, high-concentration barium sulfate has been developed and is used in many medical facilities. This study compared radiation dose using high-concentration and moderate-concentration barium sulfate...
  6. Nguyen N, Frank C, Moltz C, Vos P, Smith H, Nguyen P, et al. Analysis of factors influencing aspiration risk following chemoradiation for oropharyngeal cancer. Br J Radiol. 2009;82:675-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Patients with large tumours had a significant risk of developing aspiration following treatment...
  7. Ekberg O, Bulow M, Ekman S, Hall G, Stading M, Wendin K. Effect of barium sulfate contrast medium on rheology and sensory texture attributes in a model food. Acta Radiol. 2009;50:131-8 pubmed publisher
    The swallowing process can be visualized using videoradiography, by mixing food with contrast medium, e.g., barium sulfate (BaSO(4)), making it radiopaque. The sensory properties of foods may be affected by adding this medium.
  8. Gillani R, Ercan B, Qiao A, Webster T. Nanofunctionalized zirconia and barium sulfate particles as bone cement additives. Int J Nanomedicine. 2010;5:1-11 pubmed
    Zirconia (ZrO(2)) and barium sulfate (BaSO(4)) particles were introduced into a methyl methacrylate monomer (MMA) solution with polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) beads during polymerization to develop the following novel bone cements: bone ..
  9. Collares F, Ogliari F, Lima G, Fontanella V, Piva E, Samuel S. Ytterbium trifluoride as a radiopaque agent for dental cements. Int Endod J. 2010;43:792-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the radiopacity, degree of conversion (DC) and flexural strength of an experimental dental cement, with several added radiopaque substances...

More Information

Publications85

  1. Orucoglu H, Cobankara F. Effect of unintentionally extruded calcium hydroxide paste including barium sulfate as a radiopaquing agent in treatment of teeth with periapical lesions: report of a case. J Endod. 2008;34:888-91 pubmed publisher
    ..To provide radiopacity, barium sulfate (BaSO4) powder is usually added to the paste...
  2. Leng H, Wang X, Ross R, Niebur G, Roeder R. Micro-computed tomography of fatigue microdamage in cortical bone using a barium sulfate contrast agent. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2008;1:68-75 pubmed publisher
    ..the accumulation of fatigue microdamage in cortical bone using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) with a barium sulfate (BaSO(4)) contrast agent...
  3. Rubesin S, Levine M, Laufer I, Herlinger H. Double-contrast barium enema examination technique. Radiology. 2000;215:642-50 pubmed
    ..The fluoroscopist analyzes the luminal contour, the barium-coated mucosal surface en face, and the barium pool to detect abnormalities in the colon. With careful technique, a high-quality examination can be performed in most patients...
  4. Sosna J, Sella T, Sy O, Lavin P, Eliahou R, Fraifeld S, et al. Critical analysis of the performance of double-contrast barium enema for detecting colorectal polyps > or = 6 mm in the era of CT colonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2008;190:374-85 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of our study was to perform a meta-analysis comparing the performance of double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) with CT colonography (CTC) for the detection of colorectal polyps > or = 6 mm using endoscopy as the gold standard...
  5. Kung J, Levine M, Glick S, Lakhani P, Rubesin S, Laufer I. Colorectal cancer: screening double-contrast barium enema examination in average-risk adults older than 50 years. Radiology. 2006;240:725-35 pubmed
  6. Ferrucci J. Double-contrast barium enema: use in practice and implications for CT colonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006;187:170-3 pubmed
    ..This study examines the use and yield of double-contrast barium enemas (DCBEs) for colorectal polyp detection in current clinical practice outside the research setting...
  7. Zalis M, Perumpillichira J, Magee C, Kohlberg G, Hahn P. Tagging-based, electronically cleansed CT colonography: evaluation of patient comfort and image readability. Radiology. 2006;239:149-59 pubmed
    ..To prospectively compare the homogeneity, adequacy, and patient acceptance of nonionic iodine-based regimens with those of a barium-based regimen for computed tomographic (CT) colonography with electronic subtraction cleansing...
  8. Aoyagi Y, Takahashi H, Iwasaki N, Honda E, Kurabayashi T. Radiopacity of experimental composite resins containing radiopaque materials. Dent Mater J. 2005;24:315-20 pubmed
    ..Nevertheless, both measurement methods indicated that radiopacity increased with increase in radiopaque material content as well as increase in atomic number of the element...
  9. Gluecker T, Johnson C, Harmsen W, Offord K, Harris A, Wilson L, et al. Colorectal cancer screening with CT colonography, colonoscopy, and double-contrast barium enema examination: prospective assessment of patient perceptions and preferences. Radiology. 2003;227:378-84 pubmed
    ..To prospectively assess and compare perceptions of and preferences for computed tomographic (CT) colonography, colonoscopy, and double-contrast barium enema examination (DCBE) by asymptomatic patients undergoing colorectal cancer screening...
  10. Panzuto F, Chiriatti A, Bevilacqua S, Giovannetti P, Russo G, Impinna S, et al. Symptom-based approach to colorectal cancer: survey of primary care physicians in Italy. Dig Liver Dis. 2003;35:869-75 pubmed
    ..It is likely that most patients with colorectal cancer refer, first of all, to their primary care physician at onset of symptoms...
  11. Callstrom M, Johnson C, Fletcher J, Reed J, Ahlquist D, Harmsen W, et al. CT colonography without cathartic preparation: feasibility study. Radiology. 2001;219:693-8 pubmed
    ..To evaluate methods for contrast material labeling of stool in the unprepared colon for computed tomographic (CT) colonography and to determine their sensitivity for polyp detection...
  12. Johnson C, MacCarty R, Welch T, Wilson L, Harmsen W, Ilstrup D, et al. Comparison of the relative sensitivity of CT colonography and double-contrast barium enema for screen detection of colorectal polyps. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2004;2:314-21 pubmed
  13. Jamieson D, Dundas S, Belushi S, Cooper M, Blair G. Does the transition zone reliably delineate aganglionic bowel in Hirschsprung's disease?. Pediatr Radiol. 2004;34:811-5 pubmed
    ..Knowledge of the extent of aganglionic bowel is important for preoperative planning of trans-anal surgery in patients with Hirschsprung's disease (HD)...
  14. Ginebra M, Albuixech L, Fernández Barragán E, Aparicio C, Gil F, San R, et al. Mechanical performance of acrylic bone cements containing different radiopacifying agents. Biomaterials. 2002;23:1873-82 pubmed
    ..When the iodine containing monomer was used, although the tensile strength and the fracture toughness increased, the fatigue crack propagation resistance remained as low as it was for the radiolucent cement...
  15. Kemerink G, Borstlap A, Frantzen M, Schultz F, Zoetelief J, van Engelshoven J. Patient and occupational dosimetry in double contrast barium enema examinations. Br J Radiol. 2001;74:420-8 pubmed
    ..Entrance and effective doses per examination for workers in DCBE examinations are very low. For a normal workload, doses remain far below the legally established dose limits...
  16. Tamm I, Kortsik C. Severe barium sulfate aspirationinto the lung: clinical presentation, prognosis and therapy. Respiration. 1999;66:81-4 pubmed
    Aspiration of large amounts of barium sulfate is a rare incident during radiographic contrast procedures...
  17. Bosworth H, Rockey D, Paulson E, Niedzwiecki D, Davis W, Sanders L, et al. Prospective comparison of patient experience with colon imaging tests. Am J Med. 2006;119:791-9 pubmed
    ..We examined differences in patient experience with colon imaging tests and whether they varied with gender, age, and race...
  18. Lefere P, Gryspeerdt S, Baekelandt M, Van Holsbeeck B. Laxative-free CT colonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004;183:945-8 pubmed
  19. Lefere P, Gryspeerdt S, Marrannes J, Baekelandt M, Van Holsbeeck B. CT colonography after fecal tagging with a reduced cathartic cleansing and a reduced volume of barium. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2005;184:1836-42 pubmed
    ..The objective of our study was to assess the efficacy of fecal tagging with a small volume of barium in combination with a reduced cathartic cleansing before CT colonography...
  20. Tawn D, Squire C, Mohammed M, Adam E. National audit of the sensitivity of double-contrast barium enema for colorectal carcinoma, using control charts For the Royal College of Radiologists Clinical Radiology Audit Sub-Committee. Clin Radiol. 2005;60:558-64 pubmed
    ..To audit the sensitivity of double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) for colorectal carcinoma, as currently practised in UK departments of radiology...
  21. Chiu C, Wong K, Tsai M. Massive aspiration of barium sulfate during an upper gastrointestinal examination in a child with dysphagia. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2005;69:541-4 pubmed
    b>Barium sulfate is an agent used widely as a contrast material for imaging studies of the gastrointestinal tract and is not inherently toxic to lung tissue...
  22. Winawer S, Stewart E, Zauber A, Bond J, Ansel H, Waye J, et al. A comparison of colonoscopy and double-contrast barium enema for surveillance after polypectomy. National Polyp Study Work Group. N Engl J Med. 2000;342:1766-72 pubmed
    ..After patients have undergone colonoscopic polypectomy, it is uncertain whether colonoscopic examination or a barium enema is the better method of surveillance...
  23. Rockey D, Paulson E, Niedzwiecki D, Davis W, Bosworth H, Sanders L, et al. Analysis of air contrast barium enema, computed tomographic colonography, and colonoscopy: prospective comparison. Lancet. 2005;365:305-11 pubmed
    ..We aimed to assess the sensitivity of these three imaging tests...
  24. Nelson R, Schwartz A, Pavel D. Assessment of the usefulness of a diagnostic test: a survey of patient preference for diagnostic techniques in the evaluation of intestinal inflammation. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2001;1:5 pubmed
    ..Mean rank scores were calculated, test ranks compared within groups and significance determined by the Wilcoxon rank test...
  25. Klabunde C, Jones E, Brown M, Davis W. Colorectal cancer screening with double-contrast barium enema: a national survey of diagnostic radiologists. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2002;179:1419-27 pubmed
  26. Proctor M, Traubici J, Langer J, Gibbs D, Ein S, Daneman A, et al. Correlation between radiographic transition zone and level of aganglionosis in Hirschsprung's disease: Implications for surgical approach. J Pediatr Surg. 2003;38:775-8 pubmed
    ..The anticipated level of aganglionosis can influence the surgical approach to Hirschsprung's disease. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of the contrast enema in predicting this level...
  27. Asano F, Shindoh J, Shigemitsu K, Miya K, Abe T, Horiba M, et al. Ultrathin bronchoscopic barium marking with virtual bronchoscopic navigation for fluoroscopy-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Chest. 2004;126:1687-93 pubmed
    ..We then evaluated the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of this technique...
  28. Iwasaki Y, Nagata K, Yuba T, Hosogi S, Kohno K, Ohsugi S, et al. Fluoroscopy-guided barium marking for localizing small pulmonary lesions before video-assisted thoracic surgery. Respir Med. 2005;99:285-9 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of fluoroscopy-guided barium marking for localization of small peripheral pulmonary lesions before video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) resection...
  29. Videman T, Nurminen M. The occurrence of anular tears and their relation to lifetime back pain history: a cadaveric study using barium sulfate discography. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004;29:2668-76 pubmed
    ..The occurrence of anular tears and general disc degeneration of the lumbar spine was studied in relation to the lifetime frequency of back pain...
  30. Joseph R, Singh S. Evaluation of apical sealing ability of four different sealers using centrifuging dye penetration method: an in vitro study. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2012;13:830-3 pubmed
    ..05). AH Plus showed significantly less leakage than Endoflas FS. AH Plus showed the least leakage compared to AH 26, Sealapex and Endoflas FS. ..
  31. Paukert Vankeuren A, Hakala J, Jarvis K, Moore J. Mineral Reactions in Shale Gas Reservoirs: Barite Scale Formation from Reusing Produced Water As Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid. Environ Sci Technol. 2017;51:9391-9402 pubmed publisher
    ..Further study is required to extrapolate experimental results to reservoir-scale and to explore the effect that mineral changes from HFF interaction with shale might have on gas production. ..
  32. van Beek P, Souhaut M, Lansard B, Bourquin M, Reyss J, von Ballmoos P, et al. LAFARA: a new underground laboratory in the French Pyrénées for ultra low-level gamma-ray spectrometry. J Environ Radioact. 2013;116:152-8 pubmed publisher
    ..As an illustration, we present two of these applications: i) dating of marine sediments using the decay of (226)Ra in sedimentary barite (BaSO(4)), ii) determination of (227)Ac ((231)Pa) activities in marine sediment cores...
  33. Jabłońska M, Kramarczyk M, Smieja Król B, Janeczek J. Barium concentration in cast roe deer antlers related to air pollution caused by burning of barium-enriched coals in southern Poland. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016;23:5978-82 pubmed publisher
  34. Konduru N, Molina R, Swami A, Damiani F, Pyrgiotakis G, Lin P, et al. Protein corona: implications for nanoparticle interactions with pulmonary cells. Part Fibre Toxicol. 2017;14:42 pubmed publisher
    We previously showed that cerium oxide (CeO2), barium sulfate (BaSO4) and zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) exhibited different lung toxicity and pulmonary clearance in rats...
  35. Frakking T, Chang A, O Grady K, David M, Weir K. Aspirating and Nonaspirating Swallow Sounds in Children: A Pilot Study. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2016;125:1001-1009 pubmed
    ..However, further research comparing the acoustic swallowing sound profiles of normal children to children with dysphagia (who are aspirating) on a larger scale is required. ..
  36. Cuvier A, Pourcelot L, Probst A, Prunier J, Le Roux G. Trace elements and Pb isotopes in soils and sediments impacted by uranium mining. Sci Total Environ. 2016;566-567:238-249 pubmed publisher
    ..contamination is low to moderate (2<EF<5), except for Ba (5<EF<15), due to the precipitation of barium sulfate resulting from mining activities...
  37. Hamdy E, El Shahawy M, Abd El Shoubary M, Abd El Raouf A, El Hemaly M, Salah T, et al. Response of atypical symptoms of GERD to antireflux surgery. Hepatogastroenterology. 2009;56:403-6 pubmed
    ..5%). Endoscopic, radiologic, esophageal motility and pH metry studies were nearly similar in the 3 groups. Antireflux surgery improves atypical symptoms of GERD, but symptom resolution occurs in less than half of cases. ..
  38. Tekade A, Gattani S. Development and evaluation of a pulsatile drug delivery system using novel polymer. Part II: in vivo radio imaging study. Pharm Dev Technol. 2010;15:666-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Radio imaging study also showed that the plug in the capsule drug delivery system remains intact for the period of 6?h. Thus, the formulated drug delivery system is capable of delaying release in vitro as well as in rabbits for 6 hours. ..
  39. Briseno B, Willershausen B. Root canal sealer cytotoxicity with human gingival Fibroblasts. III. Calcium hydroxide-based sealers. J Endod. 1992;18:110-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Apexit had a relatively high cytotoxicity in the beginning phase, but an ascending incorporation rate of L-[14C]leucine in the fibroblasts could be distinguished after 3 days of culturing. ..
  40. Al Attar L, Safia B, Ghani B, Al Abdulah J. Recovery of NORM from scales generated by oil extraction. J Environ Radioact. 2016;153:149-155 pubmed publisher
    ..Dissolving the scales would provide better estimation of their radionuclides contents, facilitate the determination of their chemical composition, and make it possible to recycle NORM wastes in terms of radionuclides production. ..
  41. Debond N, Oakes R, Paytan A, Wortmann U. Early Aptian carbon and sulphur isotope signatures at ODP site 765. Isotopes Environ Health Stud. 2012;48:180-94 pubmed publisher
    ..5×10(18) mol C into the atmosphere. Further work is needed to evaluate whether these fluxes are compatible with the existing C-isotope record. ..
  42. Braghetto I, Cortes C, Herquiñigo D, Csendes P, Rojas A, Mushle M, et al. Evaluation of the radiological gastric capacity and evolution of the BMI 2-3 years after sleeve gastrectomy. Obes Surg. 2009;19:1262-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In this prospective study, we compare the gastric capacity evaluated with barium sulfate or computer-aided tomography (CAT) scan early and 24 months after operation compared to the changes in body ..
  43. Stack A, Borreguero J, Prisk T, Mamontov E, Wang H, Vlcek L, et al. Precise determination of water exchanges on a mineral surface. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2016;18:28819-28828 pubmed
    ..8 ps. This work demonstrates how MD can be a reliable method to deconvolute solvent exchange reactions when quantitatively validated by QENS measurements. ..
  44. Halland M, Ravi K, Barlow J, Arora A. Correlation between the radiological observation of isolated tertiary waves on an esophagram and findings on high-resolution esophageal manometry. Dis Esophagus. 2016;29:22-6 pubmed publisher
    ..All patients with isolated tertiary waves who required intervention had a dysphagia to liquids. Tertiary contractions, in the absence of dysphagia to liquids, indicate no significant esophageal motility disorder. ..
  45. Arogundade R, Abonyi L, Ojo O, Udo E. Achalasia of the oesophagus in infancy: a case report. Niger Postgrad Med J. 2010;17:316-9 pubmed
    ..Pneumatic dilatations and surgical myotomy are recommended treatment methods. Urgent upper gastrointestinal contrast study is appropriate in infants with suspected achalasia for successful management. ..
  46. Fong S, Tan E, Foo A, Sim R, Cheong D. The changing trend of diverticular disease in a developing nation. Colorectal Dis. 2011;13:312-6 pubmed publisher
    ..There is a positive association of RDD and LDD with Chinese race and increasing age. There is an increasing incidence of both LDD and RDD compared with two decades previously. ..
  47. Maeda H, Yamada S, Itoh H, Hori Y. A dual catalyst system provides the shortest pathway for L-menthol synthesis. Chem Commun (Camb). 2012;48:1772-4 pubmed publisher
    ..This dual catalyst system provides a new and more economical route to L-menthol. ..
  48. Pomerri F, Dodi G, Nardin M, Muzzio P. Colonic total and segmental transit times in healthy Italian adults. Radiol Med. 2009;114:925-34 pubmed publisher
    ..We suggest that the reference values for normal colonic transit times could be adopted for Italian people irrespective of gender. ..
  49. Levin B, Lieberman D, McFarland B, Smith R, Brooks D, Andrews K, et al. Screening and surveillance for the early detection of colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps, 2008: a joint guideline from the American Cancer Society, the US Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer, and the American College of Radiology. CA Cancer J Clin. 2008;58:130-60 pubmed publisher
    ..It is the strong opinion of these 3 organizations that colon cancer prevention should be the primary goal of screening. ..
  50. Misra S, Dwivedi M. Aluminum phosphide-induced esophageal strictures: a new cause of benign esophageal strictures. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2009;43:405-9 pubmed publisher
    ..A single esophageal stricture is found in these patients. Most strictures respond very well to bougie dilation. However, some of the strictures may be recalcitrant and may require needle-knife incision and balloon dilation. ..
  51. Temiz A, Oguzkurt P, Ezer S, Ince E, Hicsonmez A. Long-term management of corrosive esophageal stricture with balloon dilation in children. Surg Endosc. 2010;24:2287-92 pubmed publisher
  52. Dalton H, Maskell G. Investigating occult gastrointestinal haemorrhage. BMJ. 2008;337:a422 pubmed publisher
  53. Choi K, Lee H, Jun J, Shin A, Park E. Adherence to follow-up after a positive fecal occult blood test in an organized colorectal cancer screening program in Korea, 2004-2008. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2012;27:1070-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the participation rates, positivity rates, and follow-up rates from 2004 to 2008 in an organized colorectal cancer (CRC) screening program using a fecal occult blood test (FOBT) in Korea...
  54. Hewitt A, Levine M, Rubesin S, Laufer I. Gastric bezoars: reassessment of clinical and radiographic findings in 19 patients. Br J Radiol. 2009;82:901-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Affected individuals often have an acute clinical presentation with symptoms for 1 week or less, and some bezoars resolve rapidly on conservative medical treatment...
  55. Mukhopadhyay B, Tripathy B, Saha S, Shukla R, Saha S. Acquired tracheo-oesophageal fistula: a case report. J Indian Med Assoc. 2008;106:806, 808 pubmed
    ..She was diagnosed to be having an acquired tracheo- oesophageal fistula caused by fish bone impaction. She was treated successfully. In this report, the literature was reviewed of this rare condition...
  56. Scott D, Glancy S. Spontaneous resolution of a giant colonic diverticulum. Clin Radiol. 2008;63:833-5 pubmed publisher
  57. Pomerri F, Costantini M, Dal Bosco C, Battaglia G, Bottin R, Zanatta L, et al. Comparison of preoperative and surgical measurements of Zenker's diverticulum. Surg Endosc. 2012;26:2010-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to correlate ZD measurements obtained preoperatively and during surgery...
  58. Eze K, Marchie T, Eze C, Akhigbe A, Awosanya G. Isolated dextrogastria: a case report. West Afr J Med. 2009;28:270-3 pubmed
    ..The importance of recognising the spectrum of situs anomalies is because the altered anatomy associated with these anomalies may result in misdiagnosis...
  59. Albeldawi M, Makkar R. Images in clinical medicine. Barium aspiration. N Engl J Med. 2012;366:1038 pubmed publisher
  60. Khan N, Ismail F, Van de Werke I. Oesophageal pouches and diverticula: a pictorial review. S Afr J Surg. 2012;50:71-5 pubmed
    ..This paper demonstrates the categories of oesophageal diverticula pictorially, including the radiological features and underlying pathology...
  61. Nishiyama N, Mori H, Kobara H, Rafiq K, Fujihara S, Kobayashi M, et al. Difficulty in differentiating two cases of sigmoid stenosis by diverticulitis from cancer. World J Gastroenterol. 2012;18:3623-6 pubmed publisher
    ..A partial sigmoidectomy was performed. Pathological examination of the resected specimen revealed no changes in the mucosal epithelial surface, but a marked infiltration of inflammatory cells was observed...
  62. Hussain N, Ahmed S, Ahmed T, Hussain S. Morgagni's hernia. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2008;18:242-3 pubmed publisher
    ..She was diagnosed as a case of calculous cholecystitis and was treated with antibiotics but was not relieved. Further investigations revealed Morgagni's hernia. She was successfully managed by open surgical technique...
  63. Holsinger F, Nussenbaum B, Nakayama M, Saraiya S, Sewnaik A, Ark N, et al. Current concepts and new horizons in conservation laryngeal surgery: an important part of multidisciplinary care. Head Neck. 2010;32:656-65 pubmed publisher
    ..We review traditional and new CLS procedures and summarize the functional and oncologic outcomes of CLS in both primary and salvage settings...
  64. Todd J, Butler S, Plonk D, Grace Martin K, Pelletier C. Main taste effects on swallowing apnea duration in healthy adults. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012;147:678-83 pubmed
    ..This study examined swallowing apnea duration (SAD) and respiratory phase patterns as a function of taste, tastes combined with barium, age, and genetic taste group...
  65. Kruse C, Seyer Hansen M, Forman A. Diagnosis and treatment of rectovaginal endometriosis: an overview. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2012;91:648-57 pubmed publisher
    ..This review describes available diagnostic tools, the possibilities for medical treatment and the alternative surgical approaches...
  66. Choi M, Lee N, Kim J, Yi K, Jung J, Yoon J, et al. Imaging assessment of the modified double contrast barium enema using carboxymethylcellulose on radiography and ultrasonography in dogs. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2011;52:648-52 pubmed publisher
    ..The modified barium enema using carboxymethylcellulose is useful for assessing the general morphology and mucosal layers of the colon simultaneously on radiographs and ultrasonographs...
  67. Zijta F, Nederveen A, Jensch S, Florie J, Bipat S, van der Paardt M, et al. Feasibility of using automated insufflated carbon dioxide (CO2) for luminal distension in 3.0T MR colonography. Eur J Radiol. 2012;81:1128-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Primary aim of our study was to prospectively evaluate the feasibility of automated carbon dioxide (CO(2)) delivery as luminal distending agent in 3.0T MR colonography...
  68. Tang Y, Wu Y, Zong J, Wang J, Miao F. Imaging features of small intestinal amyloidosis: a case report. Abdom Imaging. 2011;36:694-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We also display radiologic features of amyloidosis of the small bowel which will add evidence to accurate diagnosis and management...
  69. Odstrcil E, Martinez J, Santa Ana C, Xue B, Schneider R, Steffer K, et al. The contribution of malabsorption to the reduction in net energy absorption after long-limb Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;92:704-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) restricts food intake, and when the Roux limb is elongated to 150 cm, the procedure is believed to induce malabsorption...
  70. Wang Q, Zhang D, Xu H, Yang X, Shen A, Yang Y. Microfluidic one-step fabrication of radiopaque alginate microgels with in situ synthesized barium sulfate nanoparticles. Lab Chip. 2012;12:4781-6 pubmed publisher
    ..barium ions in the collection bath also react with sulfate ions in the alginate droplet, resulting in barium sulfate (BaSO(4)) nanoparticles in situ synthesized (acting as radiopaque imaging agents) within the Ba-alginate ..
  71. Kose M, Pekcan S, Kiper N, Akgul S, Cobanoglu N, Yalcin E, et al. Gastric organo-axial malrotation coexisting respiratory symptoms. Eur J Pediatr. 2009;168:491-4 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, it is probable that gastric malrotation associated with massive or occult gastroesophageal reflux could be responsible for the respiratory symptoms such as chronic cough, recurrent pneumonia, wheezing, and apnea...
  72. Contreras S, Meister P, Liu B, Prieto Mollar X, Hinrichs K, Khalili A, et al. Cyclic 100-ka (glacial-interglacial) migration of subseafloor redox zonation on the Peruvian shelf. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:18098-103 pubmed publisher
    ..Such changes in subsurface biogeochemical zonation need to be taken into account to assess the role of the subseafloor biosphere in global element and redox cycling. ..
  73. Levine M, Rubesin S, Laufer I. Pattern approach for diseases of mesenteric small bowel on barium studies. Radiology. 2008;249:445-60 pubmed publisher
  74. Kiu V, Liang J. Laparoscopic resection of Y-shaped tubular duplication of the sigmoid colon: report of a case. Dis Colon Rectum. 2010;53:949-52 pubmed publisher
    ..We report the first case of a Y-shaped tubular sigmoid colonic duplication in an adult who was successfully treated by laparoscopic resection...
  75. Goiato M, Haddad M, Pesqueira A, Moreno A, dos Santos D, Bannwart L. Effect of chemical disinfection and accelerated aging on color stability of maxillofacial silicone with opacifiers. J Prosthodont. 2011;20:566-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the color stability of MDX4-4210 maxillofacial elastomer with opacifier addition submitted to chemical disinfection and accelerated aging...
  76. Gomoll A, Fitz W, Scott R, Thornhill T, Bellare A. Nanoparticulate fillers improve the mechanical strength of bone cement. Acta Orthop. 2008;79:421-7 pubmed publisher
    Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA-) based bone cement contains micrometer-size barium sulfate or zirconium oxide particles to radiopacify the cement for radiographic monitoring during follow-up...