chlorates

Summary

Summary: Inorganic salts of chloric acid that contain the ClO3- ion.

Top Publications

  1. Stewart V, MacGregor C. Nitrate reductase in Escherichia coli K-12: involvement of chlC, chlE, and chlG loci. J Bacteriol. 1982;151:788-99 pubmed
    ..Two other classes may be altered in the regulation of the expression of nitrate reductase or other anaerobic enzymes. We propose the mnemonic nar for naming individual genes within the chlC locus...
  2. Kengen S, Rikken G, Hagen W, van Ginkel C, Stams A. Purification and characterization of (per)chlorate reductase from the chlorate-respiring strain GR-1. J Bacteriol. 1999;181:6706-11 pubmed
    ..Besides perchlorate and chlorate, nitrate, iodate, and bromate were also reduced at considerable rates. The resemblance of the enzyme to nitrate reductases, formate dehydrogenases, and selenate reductase is discussed...
  3. Wolterink A, Kim S, Muusse M, Kim I, Roholl P, van Ginkel C, et al. Dechloromonas hortensis sp. nov. and strain ASK-1, two novel (per)chlorate-reducing bacteria, and taxonomic description of strain GR-1. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2005;55:2063-8 pubmed
    ..Although strain ASK-1 is identified as P. chloritidismutans, its morphology and growth requirements are different from those of the type strain...
  4. Balk M, van Gelder T, Weelink S, Stams A. (Per)chlorate reduction by the thermophilic bacterium Moorella perchloratireducens sp. nov., isolated from underground gas storage. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008;74:403-9 pubmed
    ..Key enzymes, perchlorate reductase and chlorite dismutase, were detected in cell extracts. Strain An10 is the first thermophilic and gram-positive bacterium with the ability to use (per)chlorate as a terminal electron acceptor...
  5. Weelink S, Tan N, Ten Broeke H, van den Kieboom C, van Doesburg W, Langenhoff A, et al. Isolation and characterization of Alicycliphilus denitrificans strain BC, which grows on benzene with chlorate as the electron acceptor. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008;74:6672-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, aerobic pathways can be employed under conditions in which no external oxygen is supplied...
  6. Oosterkamp M, Mehboob F, Schraa G, Plugge C, Stams A. Nitrate and (per)chlorate reduction pathways in (per)chlorate-reducing bacteria. Biochem Soc Trans. 2011;39:230-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Microbial oxygen production during reduction of oxyanions may enhance biodegradation of pollutants under anoxic conditions...
  7. Oosterkamp M, Veuskens T, Plugge C, Langenhoff A, Gerritse J, van Berkel W, et al. Genome sequences of Alicycliphilus denitrificans strains BC and K601T. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:5028-9 pubmed publisher
    ..denitrificans strains BC and K601(T) were sequenced. Here, we report the complete genome sequences of A. denitrificans strains BC and K601(T)...
  8. Coates J, Michaelidou U, Bruce R, O Connor S, Crespi J, Achenbach L. Ubiquity and diversity of dissimilatory (per)chlorate-reducing bacteria. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1999;65:5234-41 pubmed
  9. Logan B, Zhang H, Mulvaney P, Milner M, Head I, Unz R. Kinetics of perchlorate- and chlorate-respiring bacteria. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2001;67:2499-506 pubmed

More Information

Publications104 found, 100 shown here

  1. Wolterink A, Jonker A, Kengen S, Stams A. Pseudomonas chloritidismutans sp. nov., a non-denitrifying, chlorate-reducing bacterium. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2002;52:2183-90 pubmed
    ..nov. The type strain is strain AW-1(T) (= DSM 13592(T) = ATCC BAA-443(T))...
  2. Thorell H, Stenklo K, Karlsson J, Nilsson T. A gene cluster for chlorate metabolism in Ideonella dechloratans. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2003;69:5585-92 pubmed
    ..The present work reveals that the genes encoding the enzymes catalyzing both these reactions are in close proximity...
  3. Cladera A, García Valdés E, Lalucat J. Genotype versus phenotype in the circumscription of bacterial species: the case of Pseudomonas stutzeri and Pseudomonas chloritidismutans. Arch Microbiol. 2006;184:353-61 pubmed
    ..stutzeri. A multilocus sequence analysis, together with a phenotypic analysis of the anaerobic oxidative metabolism, gives new insights into the phylogeny and evolution of the species...
  4. Weelink S, Tan N, Ten Broeke H, van Doesburg W, Langenhoff A, Gerritse J, et al. Physiological and phylogenetic characterization of a stable benzene-degrading, chlorate-reducing microbial community. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2007;60:312-21 pubmed
    ..As oxygen is produced during chlorate reduction, an aerobic pathway of benzene degradation is most likely...
  5. Rusmana I, Nedwell D. Use of chlorate as a selective inhibitor to distinguish membrane-bound nitrate reductase (Nar) and periplasmic nitrate reductase (Nap) of dissimilative nitrate reducing bacteria in sediment. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2004;48:379-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Chlorate can be used as a specific inhibitor to distinguish between nitrate reduction by Nap or Nar in natural communities of microorganisms...
  6. Ullrich T, Huber R. The complex structures of ATP sulfurylase with thiosulfate, ADP and chlorate reveal new insights in inhibitory effects and the catalytic cycle. J Mol Biol. 2001;313:1117-25 pubmed
    ..These new observations are evidence for the crucial role of the displacement mechanism for the catalysis by ATPS. ..
  7. Ranghino A, Costantini L, Deprado A, Filiberti O, Fontaneto C, Ottone S, et al. A case of acute sodium chlorate self-poisoning successfully treated without conventional therapy. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2006;21:2971-4 pubmed
  8. Cha C, Jung W, Choi H, Lee Y, Yoo C, Kim S, et al. Effects of short-term sodium chlorate exposure on pigs. Acta Vet Hung. 2012;60:93-101 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, 7-day administration of sodium chlorate at 500 mg kg-1 body weight per day to pigs affects the liver and kidney tissues as well as the haematologic and serum biochemical parameters. ..
  9. Yip G, Ferretti P, Copp A. Heparan sulphate proteoglycans and spinal neurulation in the mouse embryo. Development. 2002;129:2109-19 pubmed
    ..Together, these results demonstrate a regulatory role for heparan sulphate in mouse spinal neurulation. ..
  10. Chmurski K, Temeriusz A, Bilewicz R. Beta-cyclodextrin-based ferrocene-imprinted gold electrodes. Anal Chem. 2003;75:5687-91 pubmed
  11. Chatzivasiloglou F, Katsenos S, Psara A, Tsintiris K. Orange-Pigmented Sputum as a Manifestation of Smoke Grenade Inhalation Injury. J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol. 2016;23:76-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The heterogeneity of the smoke and the large variety of the resulting symptoms may be the reason why a definition, specific diagnostic criteria, and therapeutic guidelines are still lacking. ..
  12. Haucke V, Schatz G. Reconstitution of the protein insertion machinery of the mitochondrial inner membrane. EMBO J. 1997;16:4560-7 pubmed
    ..The protein insertion machinery can thus operate independently of the energy-transducing Tim44p-mhsp70 complex. ..
  13. Thoreson W, Stella S. Anion modulation of calcium current voltage dependence and amplitude in salamander rods. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2000;1464:142-50 pubmed
    ..Because of the overlap between the physiological voltage range and the lower part of the I(Ca) activation curve, anion effects on amplitude and activation may influence synaptic transmission at the first retinal synapse. ..
  14. Robaszkiewicz A. [Markers of chloric acid (I) in biological systems--identification and properties]. Postepy Biochem. 2010;56:201-8 pubmed
    ..At least some of these products of hypochlorite action are believed to provide specific HOCl-biomarkers, useful especially in the analysis of clinical samples, using sensitive detection techniques. ..
  15. Jung Y, Anderson R, Byrd J, Edrington T, Moore R, Callaway T, et al. Reduction of Salmonella Typhimurium in experimentally challenged broilers by nitrate adaptation and chlorate supplementation in drinking water. J Food Prot. 2003;66:660-3 pubmed
    ..On the basis of these results, preadaptation with SN followed by ECP supplementation immediately preharvest could be a potential strategy for the reduction of Salmonella Typhimurium in broilers. ..
  16. Byrd J, Burnham M, McReynolds J, Anderson R, Genovese K, Callaway T, et al. Evaluation of an experimental chlorate product as a preslaughter feed supplement to reduce salmonella in meat-producing birds. Poult Sci. 2008;87:1883-8 pubmed publisher
    ..5% ECP compared with the controls. These results indicate broilers supplemented with feed </= 5% ECP or water ECP 7 d before slaughter reduced ST without affecting growth parameters...
  17. Mehboob F, Junca H, Schraa G, Stams A. Growth of Pseudomonas chloritidismutans AW-1(T) on n-alkanes with chlorate as electron acceptor. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2009;83:739-47 pubmed publisher
    ..The strain degrades n-alkanes with oxygen and chlorate but not with nitrate, thus suggesting that the strain employs oxygenase-dependent pathways for the breakdown of n-alkanes. ..
  18. Hooth M, DeAngelo A, George M, Gaillard E, Travlos G, Boorman G, et al. Subchronic sodium chlorate exposure in drinking water results in a concentration-dependent increase in rat thyroid follicular cell hyperplasia. Toxicol Pathol. 2001;29:250-9 pubmed
    ..Follicular cell hyperplasia was not present in male or female B6C3F1 mice. These data can be used to estimate the human health risk that would be associated with using ClO2, rather than chlorine, to disinfect drinking water. ..
  19. Beier R, Hume M, Anderson R, Oliver C, Callaway T, Edrington T, et al. HPLC determination of chlorate metabolism in bovine ruminal fluid. J Environ Sci Health B. 2007;42:717-26 pubmed
    ..coli at 24 h, but may be useful when the reducing equivalents are limiting as in waste holding reservoirs or composting systems required for intense animal production. ..
  20. Jiang C, Li H, Lin C. Effects of activated sludge on the degradation of chlorate in soils under varying environmental conditions. J Hazard Mater. 2009;162:1053-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This study has implications for developing cost-effective techniques for remediating chlorate-contaminated soils, particularly in the longan-producing countries. ..
  21. Chen Z, Zhu C, Han Z. Effects of aqueous chlorine dioxide treatment on nutritional components and shelf-life of mulberry fruit (Morus alba L.). J Biosci Bioeng. 2011;111:675-81 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicated that ClO(2) treatment was a promising approach to preserve mulberry fruit with no significant risks of chemical residues. ..
  22. Shannon J, McCormick Shannon K, Burhans M, Shangguan X, Srivastava K, Hyatt B. Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans are required for lung growth and morphogenesis in vitro. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2003;285:L1323-36 pubmed
    ..These results demonstrate the overall importance of sulfated PGs to normal lung development and demonstrate a dynamic role for chondroitin sulfate PGs in embryonic lung growth and morphogenesis. ..
  23. Bi E, Bowen I, Devlin J. Effect of mixed anions (HCO3(-) -SO4(2-)-ClO4 on granular iron (Fe(0)) reactivity. Environ Sci Technol. 2009;43:5975-81 pubmed
    ..SEM analysis confirmed higher carbon presence on iron that had contacted carbonate rich solutions compared to iron that had not. ..
  24. Kispert A, Vainio S, Shen L, Rowitch D, McMahon A. Proteoglycans are required for maintenance of Wnt-11 expression in the ureter tips. Development. 1996;122:3627-37 pubmed
    ..We suggest that Wnt-11 acts as an autocrine factor within the ureter epithelium and that its expression is regulated at least in part by proteoglycans. ..
  25. Bender K, Rice M, Fugate W, Coates J, Achenbach L. Metabolic primers for detection of (Per)chlorate-reducing bacteria in the environment and phylogenetic analysis of cld gene sequences. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2004;70:5651-8 pubmed
    ..Comparisons of the cld and 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) gene trees indicated that the cld gene does not track 16S rDNA phylogeny, further implicating the possible role of horizontal transfer in the evolution of (per)chlorate respiration. ..
  26. Anderson R, Jung Y, Oliver C, Horrocks S, Genovese K, Harvey R, et al. Effects of nitrate or nitro supplementation, with or without added chlorate, on Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and Escherichia coli in swine feces. J Food Prot. 2007;70:308-15 pubmed
    ..05) Salmonella but not necessarily E. coli concentrations. 2-Nitro-1-propanol and 2-nitroethanol exhibited inhibitory activity against Salmonella and E. coli by an undetermined mechanism, even in the absence of added chlorate. ..
  27. Zdilla M, Lee A, Abu Omar M. Concerted dismutation of chlorite ion: water-soluble iron-porphyrins as first generation model complexes for chlorite dismutase. Inorg Chem. 2009;48:2260-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition to chlorite dismutation, complex 1 catalyzes hypochlorite disproportionation to chloride and dioxygen quantitatively. ..
  28. Fadnes B, Rekdal O, Uhlin Hansen L. The anticancer activity of lytic peptides is inhibited by heparan sulfate on the surface of the tumor cells. BMC Cancer. 2009;9:183 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicate that HS at the surface of cancer cells sequesters CAPs away from the phospholipid bilayer and thereby impede their ability to induce cytolysis. ..
  29. Wu Y, Leong G, Bao Z, Yip G. Organization of the neuroepithelial actin cytoskeleton is regulated by heparan sulfation during neurulation. Neurosci Lett. 2013;533:77-80 pubmed publisher
    ..The results suggest that heparan sulfate is an important determinant of cytoskeletal actin organization during spinal neurulation, and that its biological action is dependent on sulfation of the heparan molecule. ..
  30. Hackett N, Bragg P. Membrane cytochromes of Escherichia coli chl mutants. J Bacteriol. 1983;154:719-27 pubmed
    ..These results support the view that chlI (narI) is the structural gene for cytochrome bnr and that chlC (narG) and chlI(narI) are in the same operon, and they provide evidence of the complexity of the regulation of cytochrome synthesis. ..
  31. Bosnjak J, Terata K, Miura H, Sato A, Nicolosi A, McDonald M, et al. Mechanism of thrombin-induced vasodilation in human coronary arterioles. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2003;284:H1080-6 pubmed
    ..We speculate that an endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor contributes to Thromb-induced dilation in HCA. ..
  32. Ohmiya H, Tsuji T, Yorimitsu H, Oshima K. Cobalt-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions of alkyl halides with allylic and benzylic Grignard reagents and their application to tandem radical cyclization/cross-coupling reactions. Chemistry. 2004;10:5640-8 pubmed
    ..The intermediacy of a carbon-centered radical results in the loss of the original stereochemistry of the parent alkyl halides, creating the potential for asymmetric cross-coupling of racemic alkyl halides. ..
  33. Rodriguez Freire L, Sun W, Sierra Alvarez R, Field J. Flexible bacterial strains that oxidize arsenite in anoxic or aerobic conditions and utilize hydrogen or acetate as alternative electron donors. Biodegradation. 2012;23:133-43 pubmed publisher
    ..The findings suggest that at least some As(III)-oxidizing bacteria are flexible with respect to electron-acceptors and electron-donors and that they are potentially widespread in low arsenic concentration environments. ..
  34. Pittman D, Wang J, Kaufman R. Identification and functional importance of tyrosine sulfate residues within recombinant factor VIII. Biochemistry. 1992;31:3315-25 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that tyrosine sulfation is required for full factor VIII activity and may affect the interaction of factor VIII with other components of the coagulation cascade. ..
  35. Sinha R, Yang G, Alexander C, Mage R. De novo expression of MECA-79 glycoprotein-determinant on developing B lymphocytes in gut-associated lymphoid tissues. Immunology. 2006;119:461-9 pubmed
  36. Islam M, Ueno K, Juodkazis S, Yokota Y, Misawa H. Development of interdigitated array electrodes with surface-enhanced Raman scattering functionality. Anal Sci. 2010;26:13-8 pubmed
    ..In addition, miniaturized NIDAEs are of great importance for developing lab-on-a-chip devices, and are useful for measurements within small space/volume domains, requiring only small amounts and/or concentrations of analytes. ..
  37. Baker K, Boxer D. Regulation of the chlA locus of Escherichia coli K12: involvement of molybdenum cofactor. Mol Microbiol. 1991;5:901-7 pubmed
    ..The anaerobic enhancement of chlA expression is mediated via a mechanism that is distinct from the molybdenum cofactor effect. ..
  38. Cruz L, Meyers C. Differential dependence on host cell glycosaminoglycans for infection of epithelial cells by high-risk HPV types. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e68379 pubmed publisher
    ..This study should facilitate a better understanding of the attachment and infection by the main oncogenic HPV types, and development of inhibitors of HPV infection. ..
  39. Smirnova G. [Use of immobilized cells of bacteria in the process of purification of waste water containing chlorates and chromates]. Mikrobiol Z. 2006;68:62-8 pubmed
    ..The bacterial cell fastening on the carrier increases 2.1 times the reduction velocity for chlorates and 1.6 times that for chromates...
  40. Bergwitz C, Wendlandt T, Kispert A, Brabant G. Wnts differentially regulate colony growth and differentiation of chondrogenic rat calvaria cells. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2001;1538:129-40 pubmed
    ..Since some, but not all Wnt effects were sensitive to inhibitors of proteoglycan synthesis or protein kinase C, multiple modes of signal transduction may be involved. ..
  41. Martin Y, Navarro F, Siverio J. Functional characterization of the Arabidopsis thaliana nitrate transporter CHL1 in the yeast Hansenula polymorpha. Plant Mol Biol. 2008;68:215-24 pubmed publisher
  42. Lakshmanan S, Murugesan T. Chlorate adsorption from chlor-alkali plant brine stream. Water Sci Technol. 2017;76:87-94 pubmed publisher
    b>Chlorates are present in the brine stream purged from chlor-alkali plants. Tests were conducted using activated carbon from coconut shell, coal or palm kernel shell to adsorb chlorate...
  43. Venkatesh S, Gorr S. A sulfated proteoglycan is necessary for storage of exocrine secretory proteins in the rat parotid gland. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2002;283:C438-45 pubmed
    ..Preliminary evidence suggests that the mechanism involves the modulation of granule pH by the proteoglycan rather than a direct interaction with other granule components. ..
  44. Keller K, Bradley J, Kelley M, Acott T. Effects of modifiers of glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis on outflow facility in perfusion culture. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008;49:2495-505 pubmed publisher
    ..This study provides direct evidence of the critical role of GAG chains in regulating outflow resistance in human TM. ..
  45. Palma A, Schwarz A, Henríquez L, Alvarez X, Fariña J, Lu Q. Do subtoxic levels of chlorate influence the desiccation tolerance of Egeria densa?. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2013;32:417-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Their results rejected this hypothesis, because all plants, regardless of their history, are equally affected by desiccation. ..
  46. Sun Y, Gustavson R, Ali N, Weber K, Westphal L, Coates J. Behavioral response of dissimilatory perchlorate-reducing bacteria to different electron acceptors. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2009;84:955-63 pubmed publisher
    ..It clearly demonstrates attraction toward chlorine oxyanions and the unique ability of these organisms to distinguish structurally analogous compounds, nitrate, chlorate, and perchlorate and respond accordingly. ..
  47. Tan W, Meng Q, Brestic M, Olsovska K, Yang X. Photosynthesis is improved by exogenous calcium in heat-stressed tobacco plants. J Plant Physiol. 2011;168:2063-71 pubmed publisher
  48. Callaway T, Anderson R, Anderson T, Poole T, Bischoff K, Kubena L, et al. Escherichia coli O157:H7 becomes resistant to sodium chlorate in pure culture, but not in mixed culture or in vivo. J Appl Microbiol. 2001;91:427-34 pubmed
    ..Chlorate kills Escherichia coli O157:H7 and may be an effective feed additive for use in food animals. This study was designed to determine if development of chlorate-resistant E. coli O157:H7 strains was likely...
  49. Anderson R, Jung Y, Genovese K, McReynolds J, Callaway T, Edrington T, et al. Low level nitrate or nitroethane preconditioning enhances the bactericidal effect of suboptimal experimental chlorate treatment against Escherichia coli and Salmonella Typhimurium but not Campylobacter in swine. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2006;3:461-5 pubmed
  50. Hakk H, Smith D, Shappell N. Tissue residues, metabolism, and excretion of radiolabeled sodium chlorate (Na[36Cl]O3) in rats. J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:2034-42 pubmed
    ..Results from this study indicate that chlorate is rapidly absorbed and reduced to chloride, but not chlorite, in rats...
  51. Lan W, Qiu H, Zhang J, Yu Y, Yang K, Liu Z, et al. Characteristic of a novel composite inorganic polymer coagulant-PFAC prepared by hydrochloric pickle liquor. J Hazard Mater. 2009;162:174-9 pubmed publisher
    ..PFAC not only possessed a good coagulation performance, but also had good stability when stored...
  52. Righi E, Bechtold P, Tortorici D, Lauriola P, Calzolari E, Astolfi G, et al. Trihalomethanes, chlorite, chlorate in drinking water and risk of congenital anomalies: a population-based case-control study in Northern Italy. Environ Res. 2012;116:66-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Epidemiological evidence of an association between disinfection by-products (DBPs) exposure via drinking water and reproductive outcomes is still inconclusive...
  53. Eysseric H, Vincent F, Peoc h M, Marka C, Aitken Y, Barret L. A fatal case of chlorate poisoning: confirmation by ion chromatography of body fluids. J Forensic Sci. 2000;45:474-7 pubmed
  54. Hu Y, Beach J, Raymer J, Gardner M. Disposable diaper to collect urine samples from young children for pyrethroid pesticide studies. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol. 2004;14:378-84 pubmed
    ..We concluded from this study that calcium chloride dihydrate can successfully release urine and metabolites from polyacrylate-containing diapers, and the method is promising for studies of pyrethroid metabolites...
  55. Ishi K, Watanabe T, Juvvadi P, Maruyama J, Kitamoto K. Development of a modified positive selection medium that allows to isolate Aspergillus oryzae strains cured of the integrated niaD-based plasmid. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2005;69:2463-5 pubmed
    ..PCR analysis of the strains confirmed that the homologously integrated plasmid carrying the h2b-egfp fusion gene was cured by intrachromosomal recombination which was accompanied by the loss of the EGFP-fluorescence...
  56. Abezgauz L, Kuperkar K, Hassan P, Ramon O, Bahadur P, Danino D. Effect of Hofmeister anions on micellization and micellar growth of the surfactant cetylpyridinium chloride. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2010;342:83-92 pubmed publisher
    ..We further test the influence of a hydrotrope on the first and second CMC and micellar growth, and compare it with the data obtained with the inorganic salts...
  57. Kishi T, Nakamura J, Arai H. Application of capillary electrophoresis for the determination of inorganic ions in trace explosives and explosive residues. Electrophoresis. 1998;19:3-5 pubmed
    ..The utility of capillary electrophoresis in the analysis of explosive residues is in its ability to simultaneously analyze trace explosives and ionic products present on physical evidence...
  58. Al Maaieh A, Flanagan D. Salt effects on caffeine solubility, distribution, and self-association. J Pharm Sci. 2002;91:1000-8 pubmed
    ..Caffeine self-association constants (k(d) or k(iso)) decreased with NaClO(4) or NaSCN and increased with Na(2)SO(4) or NaCl...
  59. Parra V, Del Caño T, Rodríguez Méndez M, De Saja J, Bouvet M, Shirota Y. Electroactivity of a starburst hole-transport material in Langmuir-Blodgett films. Solid state effects and intervalence charge transfer. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2007;9:2266-73 pubmed
  60. Trinetta V, Vaidya N, LINTON R, Morgan M. Evaluation of chlorine dioxide gas residues on selected food produce. J Food Sci. 2011;76:T11-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Practical Application: Potential for chlorine dioxide gas treatments as an effective pathogen inactivation technology to produce with minimal risk for consumers...
  61. Kozmin S, Stepchenkova E, Schaaper R. TusA (YhhP) and IscS are required for molybdenum cofactor-dependent base-analog detoxification. Microbiologyopen. 2013;2:743-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, our data imply a novel and indispensable role of the IscS/TusA complex in the activity of several molybdoenzymes. ..
  62. Tsay Y, Frank M, Page T, Dean C, Crawford N. Identification of a mobile endogenous transposon in Arabidopsis thaliana. Science. 1993;260:342-4 pubmed
    ..Thus, Tag1 provides a tool for the insertional mutagenesis of plant genes essential for biological processes of agronomic importance...
  63. Rapraeger A. Heparan sulfate-growth factor interactions. Methods Cell Biol. 2002;69:83-109 pubmed
  64. Levallet G, Levallet J, Bonnamy P. Alterations in proteoglycan synthesis selectively impair FSH-induced particulate cAMP-phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) activation in immature rat Sertoli cells. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2007;1770:638-48 pubmed
  65. Garcia Villanova R, Oliveira Dantas Leite M, Hernández Hierro J, de Castro Alfageme S, García Hernández C. Occurrence of bromate, chlorite and chlorate in drinking waters disinfected with hypochlorite reagents. Tracing their origins. Sci Total Environ. 2010;408:2616-20 pubmed publisher
  66. Chintala S, Miller R, McDevitt C. Role of heparan sulfate in the terminal differentiation of growth plate chondrocytes. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1995;316:227-34 pubmed
  67. Yoshida A, Sasaki N, Mori A, Taniguchi S, Ueta Y, Hattori K, et al. Differences in the electrophysiological response to I- and the inhibitory anions SCN- and ClO-4, studied in FRTL-5 cells. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1998;1414:231-7 pubmed
    ..Differences demonstrated in current response may explain some of the complicated influx and efflux properties of I-, SCN- and ClO-4 in thyroid cells...
  68. Anderson R, Buckley S, Kubena L, Stanker L, Harvey R, Nisbet D. Bactericidal effect of sodium chlorate on Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella typhimurium DT104 in rumen contents in vitro. J Food Prot. 2000;63:1038-42 pubmed
    ..The bactericidal effect of chlorate was concentration dependent (less at 1.25 mM) and markedly affected by pH (more bactericidal at pH 6.8 than pH 5.6)...
  69. De Lisle R. Role of sulfated O-linked glycoproteins in zymogen granule formation. J Cell Sci. 2002;115:2941-52 pubmed
  70. Salehi F, Krewski D, Mergler D, Normandin L, Kennedy G, Philippe S, et al. Bioaccumulation and locomotor effects of manganese phosphate/sulfate mixture in Sprague-Dawley rats following subchronic (90 days) inhalation exposure. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2003;191:264-71 pubmed
    ..Biochemical profiles also revealed some significant differences in certain parameters, specifically alkaline phospatase, urea, and chlorate...
  71. Machin F, Medina B, Navarro F, Perez M, Veenhuis M, Tejera P, et al. The role of Ynt1 in nitrate and nitrite transport in the yeast Hansenula polymorpha. Yeast. 2004;21:265-76 pubmed
    ..The analysis of the effect of the reduced nitrogen sources on nitrate assimilation revealed that glutamine inactivates nitrate and nitrite transport, dependent on Ynt1, but not the nitrite-specific system...
  72. Nakanishi I, Kawashima T, Ohkubo K, Kanazawa H, Inami K, Mochizuki M, et al. Electron-transfer mechanism in radical-scavenging reactions by a vitamin E model in a protic medium. Org Biomol Chem. 2005;3:626-9 pubmed
    ..63 V vs. SCE), due to strong solvation as compared to that in MeCN (0.97 V vs. SCE), may result in change of the radical-scavenging mechanisms between protic and aprotic media...
  73. Feretti D, Zerbini I, Ceretti E, Villarini M, Zani C, Moretti M, et al. Evaluation of chlorite and chlorate genotoxicity using plant bioassays and in vitro DNA damage tests. Water Res. 2008;42:4075-82 pubmed publisher
    ..In HepG2 cells increased DNA damage was only observed for chlorate at the lowest concentration. No increase in micronuclei frequency was detected in any of the samples tested in human HepG2 cells...
  74. Unkles S, Wang R, Wang Y, Glass A, Crawford N, Kinghorn J. Nitrate reductase activity is required for nitrate uptake into fungal but not plant cells. J Biol Chem. 2004;279:28182-6 pubmed
    ..The reasons for these fundamental differences in nitrate transport into the cells of representative members of these two eukaryotic kingdoms are discussed...
  75. Sasaki N, Hirano T, Kobayashi K, Toyoda M, Miyakawa Y, Okita H, et al. Chemical inhibition of sulfation accelerates neural differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells and human induced pluripotent stem cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010;401:480-6 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that chlorate could be used to induce efficient neural differentiation of hiPSCs instead of specific signaling inhibitors, such as Noggin...
  76. Plihtari R, Kovanen P, Öörni K. Acidity increases the uptake of native LDL by human monocyte-derived macrophages. Atherosclerosis. 2011;217:401-6 pubmed publisher
  77. Shinitzky M. Space asymmetry as a possible global feature. Chirality. 2013;25:308-11 pubmed publisher
    ..The implied asymmetry of time, as the conjugated fourth dimension, suggests a similar difference in magnitude of the time coordinate in a right-handed versus left-handed space, which is feasible for experimental verification...
  78. Smith D, Taylor J, West M, Herges G. Effect of intravenous or oral sodium chlorate administration on the fecal shedding of Escherichia coli in sheep. J Anim Sci. 2013;91:5962-9 pubmed publisher
    ..coli levels. Alternatively, chlorate could be eliciting systemic effects that influence fecal E. coli populations. ..
  79. Salek Ardakani S, Arrand J, Shaw D, Mackett M. Heparin and heparan sulfate bind interleukin-10 and modulate its activity. Blood. 2000;96:1879-88 pubmed
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    ..Results for perchlorate samples also are generally near +0.2/1000, but one is +2.3/1000 (SMOC). The initial results suggest that both forensic and environmental applications might be feasible...
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    ..The mutant has potential for use as a biofertilizer supplementing chemical nitrate fertilizer in rice fields, without N(2)-fixation being adversely affected...
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    ..The data obtained from these studies allow a tentative assignment of Nar1 activity to spores, Nar2 to spores and mycelium, and Nar3 exclusively to mycelium...
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    ..The recovery of method is 97.2%. RSD is 1.6%. Finally, the fluorescence self quenching and chloro-sparfloxacin enhancement mechanism of sparfloxacin are explored in detail...
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    ..37 to 1.76 log10 cfu/g and 3.94 to 0.07 log10 cfu/g, respectively. The combined effect of the CE culture and an ECP are effective in killing these food-borne pathogens...
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    ..The mechanism of the enhancement of phosphorescence was also discussed...
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    ..truncatula. Collectively, the data show that MtNIP/LATD is a high-affinity nitrate transporter and suggest that it could have another function...
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    ..Three others, nitrogen mustard, mitomycin C, and fast neutrons, were shown to increase the frequency of long deletions between five- and eightfold. The remainder were found to be incapable of generating these deletions...
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    ..31. It was proved that ferrous salts can reduce chlorite ions to harmless Cl- ions. This method can be recommended as a part of ClO2 disinfection to ensure safe drinking water, with no harm to water consumers and to the environment...
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    ..Cutaneous lesions under immunosuppressive therapy require a specific diagnostic approach. We present the case of a 12 year old boy who developed pseudo-acanthosis nigricans 3 months after renal transplantation...