bentonite

Summary

Summary: A colloidal, hydrated aluminum silicate that swells 12 times its dry size when added to water.

Top Publications

  1. Rosa C, Miazzo R, Magnoli C, Salvano M, Chiacchiera S, Ferrero S, et al. Evaluation of the efficacy of bentonite from the south of Argentina to ameliorate the toxic effects of aflatoxin in broilers. Poult Sci. 2001;80:139-44 pubmed
    In vitro studies indicated that a sodium bentonite (SB) from southern Argentina had a high ability to sorb aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) from aqueous solution...
  2. Sampatakakis S, Linos A, Papadimitriou E, Petralias A, Dalma A, Papasaranti E, et al. Respiratory disease related mortality and morbidity on an island of Greece exposed to perlite and bentonite mining dust. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2013;10:4982-95 pubmed publisher
    A morbidity and mortality study took place, focused on Milos Island, where perlite and bentonite mining sites are located...
  3. Kul A, Koyuncu H. Adsorption of Pb(II) ions from aqueous solution by native and activated bentonite: kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic study. J Hazard Mater. 2010;179:332-9 pubmed publisher
    ..06, 10.29 and 0.017 kJ mol(-1) K(-1), respectively for AAB. It was shown that the sorption processes were an endothermic reactions, controlled by physical mechanisms and spontaneously...
  4. Zhang M, Li X, Lu Y, Fang X, Chen Q, Xing M, et al. Studying the genotoxic effects induced by two kinds of bentonite particles on human B lymphoblast cells in vitro. Mutat Res. 2011;720:62-6 pubmed publisher
    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the genotoxic effects induced by native and active bentonite particles (BPs) on human B lymphoblast cells using comet assay and cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) assay in vitro...
  5. Hassan A, Kenawy A, Abbas W, Abdel Wahhab M. Prevention of cytogenetic, histochemical and biochemical alterations in Oreochromis niloticus by dietary supplement of sorbent materials. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2010;73:1890-5 pubmed publisher
    The current study was conducted to evaluate the ability of Egyptian bentonite (EB) and montmorillonite (EM) for the prevention of genotoxicity, histochemical and biochemical changes induced by aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)) using the ..
  6. Li Q, Yue Q, Sun H, Su Y, Gao B. A comparative study on the properties, mechanisms and process designs for the adsorption of non-ionic or anionic dyes onto cationic-polymer/bentonite. J Environ Manage. 2010;91:1601-11 pubmed publisher
    The adsorption properties and mechanisms of a cationic-polymer/bentonite complex (EPI-DMA/bentonite), prepared from polyepicholorohydrin-dimethylamine and bentonite, for non-ionic dyes (Disperse Blue SBL and Vat Scarlet R) and anionic ..
  7. Mortazavi S, Atefi A, Roshan Shomal P, Raadpey N, Mortazavi G. Development of a novel mineral based haemostatic agent consisting of a combination of bentonite and zeolite minerals. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2009;21:3-7 pubmed
    ..In this paper the bio-stimulatory effect of burned radioactive lantern mantles powder as well as two minerals; bentonite and zeolite are presented.
  8. Sarkar B, Xi Y, Megharaj M, Krishnamurti G, Rajarathnam D, Naidu R. Remediation of hexavalent chromium through adsorption by bentonite based Arquad® 2HT-75 organoclays. J Hazard Mater. 2010;183:87-97 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study attempts to characterise bentonite (QB) based organoclays synthesised from a commercially available, low-cost alkyl ammonium surfactant Arquad® ..
  9. Shi L, Zhang X, Chen Z. Removal of chromium (VI) from wastewater using bentonite-supported nanoscale zero-valent iron. Water Res. 2011;45:886-92 pubmed publisher
    b>Bentonite-supported nanoscale zero-valent iron (B-nZVI) was synthesized using liquid-phase reduction...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Ma Y, Shi F, Zheng X, Ma J, Gao C. Removal of fluoride from aqueous solution using granular acid-treated bentonite (GHB): batch and column studies. J Hazard Mater. 2011;185:1073-80 pubmed publisher
    Removal of fluoride from aqueous solution using granular acid-treated bentonite (GHB) was studied by batch and column adsorption experiments...
  2. Shameli K, Ahmad M, Yunus W, Rustaiyan A, Ibrahim N, Zargar M, et al. Green synthesis of silver/montmorillonite/chitosan bionanocomposites using the UV irradiation method and evaluation of antibacterial activity. Int J Nanomedicine. 2010;5:875-87 pubmed publisher
    ..These results show that Ag/MMT/Cts BNCs can be useful in different biologic research and biomedical applications, such as surgical devices and drug delivery vehicles...
  3. Shameli K, Ahmad M, Yunus W, Ibrahim N, Gharayebi Y, Sedaghat S. Synthesis of silver/montmorillonite nanocomposites using ?-irradiation. Int J Nanomedicine. 2010;5:1067-77 pubmed publisher
    ..The synthesized Ag/MMT suspension was found to be stable over a long period of time (ie, more than 3 months) without any sign of precipitation...
  4. Magnoli A, Monge M, Miazzo R, Cavaglieri L, Magnoli C, Merkis C, et al. Effect of low levels of aflatoxin B? on performance, biochemical parameters, and aflatoxin B? in broiler liver tissues in the presence of monensin and sodium bentonite. Poult Sci. 2011;90:48-58 pubmed publisher
    ..A commercial sodium bentonite (Na-B) adsorbent was used to prevent the effect of AF [50 µg of aflatoxin B? (AFB?)/kg of feed] in broiler ..
  5. Spears B, Lürling M, Yasseri S, Castro Castellon A, Gibbs M, Meis S, et al. Lake responses following lanthanum-modified bentonite clay (Phoslock®) application: an analysis of water column lanthanum data from 16 case study lakes. Water Res. 2013;47:5930-42 pubmed publisher
    Phoslock(®) is a lanthanum (La) modified bentonite clay that is being increasingly used as a geo-engineering tool for the control of legacy phosphorus (P) release from lake bed sediments to overlying waters...
  6. Groisman L, Rav Acha C, Gerstl Z, Mingelgrin U. Sorption and detoxification of toxic compounds by a bifunctional organoclay. J Environ Qual. 2004;33:1930-6 pubmed
    ..0. It is postulated that the catalytic effect of the bifunctional organoclay can be attributed to a nucleophilic attack of the unprotonated ethylamino group of the organoclay on the organophosphate ester...
  7. Hanczyc M, Fujikawa S, Szostak J. Experimental models of primitive cellular compartments: encapsulation, growth, and division. Science. 2003;302:618-22 pubmed
    ..The formation, growth, and division of the earliest cells may have occurred in response to similar interactions with mineral particles and inputs of material and energy...
  8. Ozcan A, Omeroglu C, Erdogan Y, Ozcan A. Modification of bentonite with a cationic surfactant: An adsorption study of textile dye Reactive Blue 19. J Hazard Mater. 2007;140:173-9 pubmed
    The utilization of modified bentonite with a cationic surfactant (dodecyltrimethylammonium (DTMA) bromide) as an adsorbent was successfully carried out to remove a synthetic textile dye (Reactive Blue 19 (RB19)) by adsorption, from ..
  9. Vieira M, Neto A, Gimenes M, da Silva M. Sorption kinetics and equilibrium for the removal of nickel ions from aqueous phase on calcined Bofe bentonite clay. J Hazard Mater. 2010;177:362-71 pubmed publisher
    In this paper the kinetics and dynamics of nickel adsorption on calcined Bofe bentonite clay were studied. The clay was characterized through EDX, surface area (BET) and XRD analysis...
  10. Thieu N, Ogle B, Pettersson H. Efficacy of bentonite clay in ameliorating aflatoxicosis in piglets fed aflatoxin contaminated diets. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2008;40:649-56 pubmed publisher
    The efficacy of locally produced bentonite was evaluated with respect to ameliorating the adverse effects of aflatoxins (AF) in piglets fed AF contaminated diets...
  11. Erdem B, Ozcan A, Gök O, Ozcan A. Immobilization of 2,2'-dipyridyl onto bentonite and its adsorption behavior of copper(II) ions. J Hazard Mater. 2009;163:418-26 pubmed publisher
    In this study, the immobilization of 2,2'-dipyridyl onto bentonite was firstly carried out and it was then used for the adsorption of copper(II) ions from aqueous solutions...
  12. Kurtbay H, Bekçi Z, Merdivan M, Yurdakoc K. Reduction of ochratoxin a levels in red wine by bentonite, modified bentonites, and chitosan. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:2541-5 pubmed publisher
    Adsorption method may play an important role to remove ochratoxin A (OTA) from wine by bentonite (B), nonylammonium bentonite (NB), dodecylammonium bentonite (DB), KSF-montmorillonite (KSF), and chitosan bead (CB)...
  13. Biondi E, Branciamore S, Fusi L, Gago S, Gallori E. Catalytic activity of hammerhead ribozymes in a clay mineral environment: implications for the RNA world. Gene. 2007;389:10-8 pubmed
  14. Fernandez Perez M, Gonzalez Pradas E, Villafranca Sánchez M, Flores Céspedes F. Mobility of isoproturon from an alginate-bentonite controlled release formulation in layered soil. Chemosphere. 2000;41:1495-501 pubmed
    ..The CR formulation was based on sodium alginate (1.87%), isoproturon (1.19%), natural bentonite (3.28%), and water (93.66%), and was compared to technical grade isoproturon...
  15. Pivato A, Raga R. Tests for the evaluation of ammonium attenuation in MSW landfill leachate by adsorption into bentonite in a landfill liner. Waste Manag. 2006;26:123-32 pubmed
    ..Among those materials, bentonite is often used, coupled with other materials in two different ways: in addition to in situ soil or in ..
  16. Cokca E, Yilmaz Z. Use of rubber and bentonite added fly ash as a liner material. Waste Manag. 2004;24:153-64 pubmed
    ..In this study, a series of laboratory tests on rubber and bentonite added fly ash were conducted...
  17. Afriyie Gyawu E, Mackie J, Dash B, Wiles M, Taylor J, Huebner H, et al. Chronic toxicological evaluation of dietary NovaSil clay in Sprague-Dawley rats. Food Addit Contam. 2005;22:259-69 pubmed
    ..0% (w/w) does not result in overt toxicity. These findings (as well as others) support the use of NS clay for dietary intervention studies in human populations at high risk for aflatoxicosis...
  18. Cai Y, Meng X, Cao Y, Lu H, Zhu S, Zhou L. Montmorillonite ameliorates hyperthyroidism of rats and mice attributed to its adsorptive effect. Eur J Pharmacol. 2006;551:156-61 pubmed
    ..These results suggest montmorillonite has anti-hyperthyroidism effect attributed to its adsorptive effect...
  19. Feng S, Mei L, Anitha P, Gan C, Zhou W. Poly(lactide)-vitamin E derivative/montmorillonite nanoparticle formulations for the oral delivery of Docetaxel. Biomaterials. 2009;30:3297-306 pubmed publisher
    ..59% for Taxotere((R)) to 78% for the PLA-TPGS/MMT NP formulation and 91% for the PLA-TPGS NP formulation respectively. Oral chemotherapy by nanoparticles of biodegradable polymers is feasible...
  20. Tahir S, Rauf N. Removal of a cationic dye from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto bentonite clay. Chemosphere. 2006;63:1842-8 pubmed
    The ability of bentonite to remove malachite green from aqueous solutions has been studied for different adsorbate concentrations by varying the amount of adsorbent, temperature, pH and shaking time. Maximum adsorption of the dye, i.e...
  21. Johnson C, Pedersen J, Chappell R, McKenzie D, Aiken J. Oral transmissibility of prion disease is enhanced by binding to soil particles. PLoS Pathog. 2007;3:e93 pubmed
    ..Association of prions with inorganic microparticles represents a novel means by which their oral transmission is enhanced relative to unbound agent...
  22. Saladino R, Crestini C, Ciambecchini U, Ciciriello F, Costanzo G, Di Mauro E. Synthesis and degradation of nucleobases and nucleic acids by formamide in the presence of montmorillonites. Chembiochem. 2004;5:1558-66 pubmed
    ..The oligonucleotide backbone reactivity to formamide is also affected; this shows that the interaction with montmorillonites modifies the rate of abstraction of the Halpha and Hbeta protons on the sugar moieties...
  23. He H, Yang D, Yuan P, Shen W, Frost R. A novel organoclay with antibacterial activity prepared from montmorillonite and Chlorhexidini Acetas. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2006;297:235-43 pubmed
    ..Meanwhile, the resultant organoclay shows a long-term antibacterial activity that can last for at least one year. These novel organoclays are of potential use in synthesis of organoclay-based materials with antibacterial activity...
  24. Bouberka Z, Khenifi A, Ait Mahamed H, Haddou B, Belkaid N, Bettahar N, et al. Adsorption of Supranol Yellow 4 GL from aqueous solution by surfactant-treated aluminum/chromium-intercalated bentonite. J Hazard Mater. 2009;162:378-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Y. 4 GL) from aqueous solution on an inorgano-organo clay. Bentonite is naturally occurring clay with good exchanging ability...
  25. Park J, Choy Y, Oh J, Kim J, Hwang S, Choy J. Controlled release of donepezil intercalated in smectite clays. Int J Pharm. 2008;359:198-204 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, to formulate a complete drug delivery system, the hybrids were coated with Eudragit E-100 using a spray dryer, which also showed great enhancement in the release rate during a short period of time (180min)...
  26. Alkaram U, Mukhlis A, Al Dujaili A. The removal of phenol from aqueous solutions by adsorption using surfactant-modified bentonite and kaolinite. J Hazard Mater. 2009;169:324-32 pubmed publisher
    The natural bentonite (BC) and kaolinite (KC) were modified with two surfactant of hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (HDTMA) and phenyltrimethylammonium bromide (PTMA) to form four kinds of organic-modified clays, i.e...
  27. Li Q, Yue Q, Su Y, Gao B, Li J. Two-step kinetic study on the adsorption and desorption of reactive dyes at cationic polymer/bentonite. J Hazard Mater. 2009;165:1170-8 pubmed publisher
    ..kinetics of two reactive dyes, namely, Reactive Blue K-GL and Reactive Yellow K-4G onto the new cationic polymer/bentonite, i.e., polyepicholorohydrin-dimethylamine/bentonite (EPI-DMA/bentonite), were studied under different conditions...
  28. Xi Y, Frost R, He H, Kloprogge T, Bostrom T. Modification of Wyoming montmorillonite surfaces using a cationic surfactant. Langmuir. 2005;21:8675-80 pubmed
    ..Novel surfactant-modified montmorillonite results in the formation of new nanophases with the potential for the removal of organic impurities from aqueous media...
  29. Shakir K, Ghoneimy H, Elkafrawy A, Beheir S, Refaat M. Removal of catechol from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto organophilic-bentonite. J Hazard Mater. 2008;150:765-73 pubmed
    Organophilic-bentonite, produced by exchange of cetyltrimethylammonium cation for metal cations on the bentonite, was exploited as adsorbent for removal of catechol from aqueous solutions using batch technique...
  30. Johnson C, Phillips K, Schramm P, McKenzie D, Aiken J, Pedersen J. Prions adhere to soil minerals and remain infectious. PLoS Pathog. 2006;2:e32 pubmed
    ..Results from our study suggest that PrP(Sc) released into soil environments may be preserved in a bioavailable form, perpetuating prion disease epizootics and exposing other species to the infectious agent...
  31. Diaz D, Hagler W, Blackwelder J, Eve J, Hopkins B, Anderson K, et al. Aflatoxin binders II: reduction of aflatoxin M1 in milk by sequestering agents of cows consuming aflatoxin in feed. Mycopathologia. 2004;157:233-41 pubmed
    ..These were: SA-20, an activated carbon (AC-A); Astra-Ben-20, a sodium bentonite (AB-20); MTB-100, an esterified glucomannan (MTB-100); Red Crown, a calcium bentonite (RC); Flow Guard, a sodium ..
  32. Kawase M, Hayashi Y, Kinoshita F, Yamato E, Miyazaki J, Yamakawa J, et al. Protective effect of montmorillonite on plasmid DNA in oral gene delivery into small intestine. Biol Pharm Bull. 2004;27:2049-51 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that montmorillonite protected the plasmid DNA from the acidic environment in the stomach and DNA-degrading enzymes in the intestine, and successfully delivered it into cells of the small intestine...
  33. Ferris J. Montmorillonite-catalysed formation of RNA oligomers: the possible role of catalysis in the origins of life. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2006;361:1777-86; discussion 1786 pubmed
    ..An introduction to the origin of life is given with an emphasis on reaction conditions based on the recent data obtained from zircons 4.0-4.5Ga...
  34. Meng N, Zhou N, Zhang S, Shen J. Controlled release and antibacterial activity chlorhexidine acetate (CA) intercalated in montmorillonite. Int J Pharm. 2009;382:45-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The CA/MMT was tested for antimicrobial activity against S. aureus and P. aeruginosa. The CA/MMT strongly inhibited the growth of a wide variety of microorganisms, including gram-positive bacteria, gram-negative bacteria...
  35. Shu Y, Li L, Zhang Q, Wu H. Equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamic studies for sorption of chlorobenzenes on CTMAB modified bentonite and kaolinite. J Hazard Mater. 2010;173:47-53 pubmed publisher
    The sorption of chlorobenzenes (CBs) by cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTMAB) modified bentonite and kaolinite was investigated...
  36. Zhang M, Lu Y, Li X, Chen Q, Lu L, Xing M, et al. Studying the cytotoxicity and oxidative stress induced by two kinds of bentonite particles on human B lymphoblast cells in vitro. Chem Biol Interact. 2010;183:390-6 pubmed publisher
    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity and oxidative stress induced by native and active bentonite particles (BPs) on human B lymphoblast cells using seven assays...
  37. Rigou P, Rezaei H, Grosclaude J, Staunton S, Quiquampoix H. Fate of prions in soil: adsorption and extraction by electroelution of recombinant ovine prion protein from montmorillonite and natural soils. Environ Sci Technol. 2006;40:1497-503 pubmed
    ..This easy-to-perform method produced concentrated prion protein extracts and allowed detection of protein at levels as low as 0.2 ppb in natural soils...
  38. Lecomte S, Hilleriteau C, Forgerit J, Revault M, Baron M, Hildebrandt P, et al. Structural changes of cytochrome c(552) from Thermus thermophilus adsorbed on anionic and hydrophobic surfaces probed by FTIR and 2D-FTIR spectroscopy. Chembiochem. 2001;2:180-9 pubmed
    ..For the cytochrome c(552)-talc complex, these changes are followed by a slow refolding of the peptide chain in the binding domain and, subsequently, a further H/D exchange of amide group protons...
  39. Lemke S, Mayura K, Reeves W, Wang N, Fickey C, Phillips T. Investigation of organophilic montmorillonite clay inclusion in zearalenone-contaminated diets using the mouse uterine weight bioassay. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2001;62:243-58 pubmed
    ..The findings from this study clearly demonstrate the need for careful testing of all mycotoxin-binding agents before their inclusion in the diet...
  40. Senturk H, Ozdes D, Gundogdu A, Duran C, Soylak M. Removal of phenol from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto organomodified Tirebolu bentonite: equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic study. J Hazard Mater. 2009;172:353-62 pubmed publisher
    A natural bentonite modified with a cationic surfactant, cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), was used as an adsorbent for removal of phenol from aqueous solutions...
  41. Geh S, Yücel R, Duffin R, Albrecht C, Borm P, Armbruster L, et al. Cellular uptake and cytotoxic potential of respirable bentonite particles with different quartz contents and chemical modifications in human lung fibroblasts. Arch Toxicol. 2006;80:98-106 pubmed
    ..In the present study, we investigated the cellular uptake and the cytotoxic potential of bentonite particles (Ø< 10 microm) with an alpha-quartz content of up to 6% and different chemical modifications (..
  42. Wiszniowski J, Surmacz Gorska J, Robert D, Weber J. The effect of landfill leachate composition on organics and nitrogen removal in an activated sludge system with bentonite additive. J Environ Manage. 2007;85:59-68 pubmed
    ..A bentonite supplement at a ratio of 1:4 (mineral : biomass) was used to ensure high sludge settling levels and to serve as ..
  43. Revault M, Quiquampoix H, Baron M, Noinville S. Fate of prions in soil: trapped conformation of full-length ovine prion protein induced by adsorption on clays. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2005;1724:367-74 pubmed
    ..From these results, it appears unlikely that the interaction of normal prions (PrP(C)) with soil clay surfaces could induce a change of conformation leading to the pathogenic form of prions (PrP(Sc))...
  44. Miazzo R, Peralta M, Magnoli C, Salvano M, Ferrero S, Chiacchiera S, et al. Efficacy of sodium bentonite as a detoxifier of broiler feed contaminated with aflatoxin and fumonisin. Poult Sci. 2005;84:1-8 pubmed
    Sodium bentonite (SB) was evaluated for its ability to reduce the deleterious effects of fumonisin B1 (FB1) and aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in broiler diets. It was incorporated into the diets (0.3%) containing 2...
  45. Wang S, Hu J, Li J, Dong Y. Influence of pH, soil humic/fulvic acid, ionic strength, foreign ions and addition sequences on adsorption of Pb(II) onto GMZ bentonite. J Hazard Mater. 2009;167:44-51 pubmed publisher
    This work contributed to the adsorption of Pb(II) onto GMZ bentonite in the absence and presence of soil humic acid (HA)/fulvic acid (FA) using a batch technique. The influences of pH from 2 to 12, ionic strengths from 0.004M to 0...
  46. Luan C, Levin R. Use of activated carbon coated with bentonite for increasing the sensitivity of pcr detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Canadian oyster (Crassostrea gigas) tissue. J Microbiol Methods. 2008;72:67-72 pubmed
    ..PCR inhibitors in oyster tissue without preenrichment was developed with the use of activated carbon coated with bentonite. The recovery of E...
  47. Lin F, Lee Y, Jian C, Wong J, Shieh M, Wang C. A study of purified montmorillonite intercalated with 5-fluorouracil as drug carrier. Biomaterials. 2002;23:1981-7 pubmed
    ..Montmorillonite was purified from crude clays of bentonite in Tai-dong, Taiwan by filtration and sedimentation...
  48. Beccari M, Majone M, Papini M, Torrisi L. Enhancement of anaerobic treatability of olive oil mill effluents by addition of Ca(OH)2 and bentonite without intermediate solid/liquid separation. Water Sci Technol. 2001;43:275-82 pubmed
    ..capable of inhibiting methanogenesis more strongly; (b) a pretreatment based on addition of Ca(OH)2 and bentonite removed lipids almost quantitatively; (c) preliminary biotreatability tests performed on the pretreated OME ..
  49. Gao J, Pedersen J. Adsorption of sulfonamide antimicrobial agents to clay minerals. Environ Sci Technol. 2005;39:9509-16 pubmed
    ..Our results highlight the importance of considering sulfonamide speciation and clay surface charge density in predicting the transport of these antimicrobials...
  50. Putra E, Pranowo R, Sunarso J, Indraswati N, Ismadji S. Performance of activated carbon and bentonite for adsorption of amoxicillin from wastewater: mechanisms, isotherms and kinetics. Water Res. 2009;43:2419-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Adsorption, as an efficient process to remove contaminants from water was chosen; in particular with bentonite and activated carbon as adsorbents. The study was carried out at several pH values...
  51. Dong Y, Feng S. Poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide)/montmorillonite nanoparticles for oral delivery of anticancer drugs. Biomaterials. 2005;26:6068-76 pubmed
    ..Such a novel formulation is expected to possess extended residence time in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, which promotes oral delivery of paclitaxel...
  52. Eren E, Afsin B. An investigation of Cu(II) adsorption by raw and acid-activated bentonite: a combined potentiometric, thermodynamic, XRD, IR, DTA study. J Hazard Mater. 2008;151:682-91 pubmed
    Adsorption of Cu(II) by raw bentonite (RB) and acid-activated bentonite (AAB) samples was investigated as a function of the initial Cu(II) concentration, solution pH, ionic strength, temperature, the competitive and complexation effects ..
  53. Lin F, Chen C, Cheng W, Kuo T. Modified montmorillonite as vector for gene delivery. Biomaterials. 2006;27:3333-8 pubmed
    ..The HDTMA-MMT has a great potential as a vector for gene delivery in the future...