calcium hydroxide

Summary

Summary: A white powder prepared from lime that has many medical and industrial uses. It is in many dental formulations, especially for root canal filling.

Top Publications

  1. Mente J, Geletneky B, Ohle M, Koch M, Friedrich Ding P, Wolff D, et al. Mineral trioxide aggregate or calcium hydroxide direct pulp capping: an analysis of the clinical treatment outcome. J Endod. 2010;36:806-13 pubmed publisher
    ..The treatment outcome of teeth after direct pulp capping, either with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) or calcium hydroxide (controls), was investigated, taking into account possible confounding factors.
  2. Kuga M, Tanomaru Filho M, Faria G, Só M, Galletti T, Bavello J. Calcium hydroxide intracanal dressing removal with different rotary instruments and irrigating solutions: a scanning electron microscopy study. Braz Dent J. 2010;21:310-4 pubmed
    ..2 types of rotary instruments employed in association with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) or EDTA in removing calcium hydroxide (CH) residues from root canals dentin walls...
  3. Yuan Z, Peng B, Jiang H, Bian Z, Yan P. Effect of bioaggregate on mineral-associated gene expression in osteoblast cells. J Endod. 2010;36:1145-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This study investigated the cytotoxicity of bioaggregate (BA) and the effect of BA on mineral associated gene expression in osteoblast cells...
  4. Guven E, Yalvac M, Sahin F, Yazici M, Rizvanov A, Bayirli G. Effect of dental materials calcium hydroxide-containing cement, mineral trioxide aggregate, and enamel matrix derivative on proliferation and differentiation of human tooth germ stem cells. J Endod. 2011;37:650-6 pubmed publisher
    ..study was to evaluate the effects of enamel matrix derivative (EMD), mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), and calcium hydroxide-containing cement (DYCAL) on proliferation and odontogenic differentiation of human tooth germ stem cells (..
  5. Hashem A, Wanees Amin S. The effect of acidity on dislodgment resistance of mineral trioxide aggregate and bioaggregate in furcation perforations: an in vitro comparative study. J Endod. 2012;38:245-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the effect of acidic environment on the dislodgement resistance of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and Bioaggregate (Innovative BioCeramix, Vancouver, Canada) when used as perforation repair materials...
  6. Pavaskar R, de Ataide I, Chalakkal P, Pinto M, Fernandes K, Keny R, et al. an in vitro study comparing the intracanal effectiveness of calcium hydroxide- and linezolid-based medicaments against Enterococcus faecalis. J Endod. 2012;38:95-100 pubmed publisher
    This study evaluated the efficacy of calcium hydroxide (CH), Vitapex (VP), linezolid (LZ), a combination of LZ with CH (LC), and a control group (N, no medicament) against Enterococcus faecalis (EF).
  7. Scelza M, Linhares A, da Silva L, Granjeiro J, Alves G. A multiparametric assay to compare the cytotoxicity of endodontic sealers with primary human osteoblasts. Int Endod J. 2012;45:12-8 pubmed publisher
  8. Cehreli Z, Isbitiren B, Sara S, Erbas G. Regenerative endodontic treatment (revascularization) of immature necrotic molars medicated with calcium hydroxide: a case series. J Endod. 2011;37:1327-30 pubmed publisher
    ..The present case series demonstrates the outcome of revascularization treatment with intracanal medicament of calcium hydroxide in immature necrotic molars.
  9. Sagsen B, Ustun Y, Aslan T, Canakçi B. The effect of peracetic acid on removing calcium hydroxide from the root canals. J Endod. 2012;38:1197-201 pubmed publisher
    The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficiencies of different irrigation solutions in the removal of calcium hydroxide (CH).

More Information

Publications69

  1. Mickenautsch S, Yengopal V, Banerjee A. Pulp response to resin-modified glass ionomer and calcium hydroxide cements in deep cavities: A quantitative systematic review. Dent Mater. 2010;26:761-70 pubmed publisher
    To quantitatively determine whether the pulp response to resin-modified glass ionomer cements placed in deep cavities differs from that generated by calcium hydroxide cement.
  2. Tanomaru Filho M, Saçaki J, Faleiros F, Guerreiro Tanomaru J. pH and calcium ion release evaluation of pure and calcium hydroxide-containing Epiphany for use in retrograde filling. J Appl Oral Sci. 2011;19:1-5 pubmed
    ..and calcium (Ca++) ion release was evaluated in six materials: G1) Sealer 26, G2) White mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), G3) Epiphany, G4) Epiphany + 10% calcium hydroxide (CH), G5) Epiphany + 20% CH, and G6) zinc oxide and eugenol.
  3. Willershausen B, Willershausen I, Ross A, Velikonja S, Kasaj A, Blettner M. Retrospective study on direct pulp capping with calcium hydroxide. Quintessence Int. 2011;42:165-71 pubmed
    To evaluate the success rate of a calcium hydroxide-based direct capping agent in permanent teeth.
  4. Victorino F, Bramante C, Zapata R, Casaroto A, Garcia R, Moraes I, et al. Removal efficiency of propolis paste dressing from the root canal. J Appl Oral Sci. 2010;18:621-4 pubmed
    The aim of this study was to investigate through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) the cleaning of root canal walls after the use of experimental propolis or calcium hydroxide root canal dressings.
  5. Camargo S, Rode S, do Prado R, Carvalho Y, Camargo C. Subcutaneous tissue reaction to castor oil bean and calcium hydroxide in rats. J Appl Oral Sci. 2010;18:273-8 pubmed
    ..Castor oil bean cement (COB) is a new material that has been used as an endodontic sealer, and is a candidate material for direct pulp capping...
  6. Saghiri M, Garcia Godoy F, Gutmann J, Lotfi M, Asatourian A, Ahmadi H. Push-out bond strength of a nano-modified mineral trioxide aggregate. Dent Traumatol. 2013;29:323-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To analyze the push-out bond strength of Angelus WMTA (Angelus Dental Products), a nano-modification of WMTA (Kamal Asgar Research Center) and Bioaggregate (Innovative Bioceramix)...
  7. Ballal N, Shavi G, Kumar R, Kundabala M, Bhat K. In vitro sustained release of calcium ions and pH maintenance from different vehicles containing calcium hydroxide. J Endod. 2010;36:862-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Calcium hydroxide is widely used as an intracanal medicament in endodontics. Its therapeutic effects depend on the dissociation of calcium hydroxide into calcium and hydroxyl ions, which, in turn, depends on the vehicle used...
  8. Valera M, da Rosa J, Maekawa L, de Oliveira L, Carvalho C, Koga Ito C, et al. Action of propolis and medications against Escherichia coli and endotoxin in root canals. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2010;110:e70-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Only intracanal medications may reduce the amount of endotoxins in the root canals. The greatest efficacy was observed for medications containing Ca(OH)(2)...
  9. Heward S, Sedgley C. Effects of intracanal mineral trioxide aggregate and calcium hydroxide during four weeks on pH changes in simulated root surface resorption defects: an in vitro study using matched pairs of human teeth. J Endod. 2011;37:40-4 pubmed publisher
    Diffusion of hydroxyl ions from intracanal calcium hydroxide (CH) through dentin is used to arrest external inflammatory root resorption...
  10. Rödig T, Vogel S, Zapf A, Hulsmann M. Efficacy of different irrigants in the removal of calcium hydroxide from root canals. Int Endod J. 2010;43:519-27 pubmed publisher
    To compare the efficacy of different solutions (1% sodium hypochlorite, 10% citric acid and 20% EDTA) in the removal of calcium hydroxide from root canals.
  11. Duarte M, Ordinola Zapata R, Bernardes R, Bramante C, Bernardineli N, Garcia R, et al. Influence of calcium hydroxide association on the physical properties of AH Plus. J Endod. 2010;36:1048-51 pubmed publisher
    This study evaluated in vitro the radiopacity, setting time, flow, film thickness, solubility, and dimensional changes of AH Plus sealer pure (Dentsply De Trey Gmbh, Konstanz, Germany) and containing 5% and 10% of calcium hydroxide.
  12. Athanassiadis M, Jacobsen N, Parashos P. The effect of calcium hydroxide on the steroid component of Ledermix and Odontopaste. Int Endod J. 2011;44:1162-9 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the chemical interaction of calcium hydroxide with the corticosteroid triamcinolone acetonide in Ledermix Paste and in Odontopaste, a new steroid/antibiotic paste.
  13. Rödig T, Hirschleb M, Zapf A, Hülsmann M. Comparison of ultrasonic irrigation and RinsEndo for the removal of calcium hydroxide and Ledermix paste from root canals. Int Endod J. 2011;44:1155-61 pubmed publisher
    To compare the efficacy of ultrasonic irrigation and RinsEndo in removing calcium hydroxide and Ledermix paste from simulated root canal irregularities.
  14. Paula Silva F, Ghosh A, Arzate H, Kapila S, da Silva L, Kapila Y. Calcium hydroxide promotes cementogenesis and induces cementoblastic differentiation of mesenchymal periodontal ligament cells in a CEMP1- and ERK-dependent manner. Calcif Tissue Int. 2010;87:144-57 pubmed publisher
    ..necrosis and in vitro cellular wounding and mineralization assays to determine the mechanism of action of calcium hydroxide, Ca(OH)(2), in cementogenesis...
  15. Gondim J, Avaca Crusca J, Valentini S, Zanelli C, Spolidorio D, Giro E. Effect of a calcium hydroxide/chlorhexidine paste as intracanal dressing in human primary teeth with necrotic pulp against Porphyromonas gingivalis and Enterococcus faecalis. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2012;22:116-24 pubmed publisher
  16. Balvedi R, Versiani M, Manna F, Biffi J. A comparison of two techniques for the removal of calcium hydroxide from root canals. Int Endod J. 2010;43:763-8 pubmed publisher
    To compare the ability of two irrigant regimens to remove calcium hydroxide (CH) mixed with different vehicles from root canal walls.
  17. Fiori Júnior M, Matsumoto W, Silva R, Porto Neto S, Silva J. Effect of temporary cements on the shear bond strength of luting cements. J Appl Oral Sci. 2010;18:30-6 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate, by shear bond strength (SBS) testing, the influence of different types of temporary cements on the final cementation using conventional and self-etching resin-based luting cements...
  18. Maekawa L, Valera M, Oliveira L, Carvalho C, Koga Ito C, Jorge A. In vitro evaluation of the action of irrigating solutions associated with intracanal medications on Escherichia coli and its endotoxin in root canals. J Appl Oral Sci. 2011;19:106-12 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of auxiliary chemical substances and intracanal medications on Escherichia coli and its endotoxin in root canals...
  19. Gangwar A. Antimicrobial effectiveness of different preparations of calcium hydroxide. Indian J Dent Res. 2011;22:66-70 pubmed publisher
    ..The various vehicles that were tested for their effectiveness were commercially prepared calcium hydroxide (Metapex), saline, glycerine, CMCP, and Rexidine-M gel...
  20. Sangwan P, Sangwan A, Duhan J, Rohilla A. Tertiary dentinogenesis with calcium hydroxide: a review of proposed mechanisms. Int Endod J. 2013;46:3-19 pubmed publisher
    b>Calcium hydroxide has been used extensively in dentistry for a century. Despite its widespread use as a pulp-capping agent, its mechanisms of action still remain ambiguous...
  21. Leal F, de Deus G, Brandao C, Luna A, Fidel S, Souza E. Comparison of the root-end seal provided by bioceramic repair cements and White MTA. Int Endod J. 2011;44:662-8 pubmed publisher
    ..To compare the ability of Ceramicrete, BioAggregate and white ProRoot MTA (mineral trioxide aggregate) to prevent glucose leakage through root-end fillings...
  22. Mohammadi Z, Dummer P. Properties and applications of calcium hydroxide in endodontics and dental traumatology. Int Endod J. 2011;44:697-730 pubmed publisher
    b>Calcium hydroxide has been included within several materials and antimicrobial formulations that are used in a number of treatment modalities in endodontics...
  23. Wang S, Sasaki Y, Ogata Y. Calcium hydroxide regulates bone sialoprotein gene transcription in human osteoblast-like Saos2 cells. J Oral Sci. 2011;53:77-86 pubmed
    ..b>Calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)(2)) is a basic salt that has been widely used for a variety of applications in dentistry, due to its ..
  24. Aminabadi N, Farahani R, Oskouei S. Formocresol versus calcium hydroxide direct pulp capping of human primary molars: two year follow-up. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2010;34:317-21 pubmed
    Clinical and radiographic evaluation of the premedicated direct pulp capping using formocresol (PDC) versus conventional direct pulp capping using calcium hydroxide (CDC) in human carious primary molars.
  25. Delgado R, Gasparoto T, Sipert C, Pinheiro C, Moraes I, Garcia R, et al. Antimicrobial effects of calcium hydroxide and chlorhexidine on Enterococcus faecalis. J Endod. 2010;36:1389-93 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)(2) and chlorhexidine gel on the elimination of intratubular Enterococcus faecalis.
  26. Mukhtar Fayyad D. Cytocompatibility of new bioceramic-based materials on human fibroblast cells (MRC-5). Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2011;112:e137-42 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the cytotoxicity of 2 bioceramic-based materials, BioAggregate and iRoot, on human fibroblast MRC-5 cells...
  27. Bakland L, Andreasen J. Will mineral trioxide aggregate replace calcium hydroxide in treating pulpal and periodontal healing complications subsequent to dental trauma? A review. Dent Traumatol. 2012;28:25-32 pubmed publisher
    Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has over the last two decades begun to take the place of calcium hydroxide (CH) in the treatment of a variety of pulpal and periodontal healing complications following dental trauma...
  28. Guerreiro Tanomaru J, Chula D, de Pontes Lima R, Berbert F, Tanomaru Filho M. Release and diffusion of hydroxyl ion from calcium hydroxide-based medicaments. Dent Traumatol. 2012;28:320-3 pubmed publisher
    The release and diffusion of hydroxyl ions (OH(-)) of calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)(2))-based intracanal medications may be affected by the association with other substances...
  29. Ozório J, Carvalho L, de Oliveira D, de Sousa Neto M, Perez D. Standardized propolis extract and calcium hydroxide as pulpotomy agents in primary pig teeth. J Dent Child (Chic). 2012;79:53-8 pubmed
    ..study was to evaluate the histological features of the pulp tissue in primary pig teeth submitted to pulpotomy and capped with calcium hydroxide-based and standardized propolis extract-based pastes, and the combination of these pastes.
  30. Chala S, Abouqal R, Rida S. Apexification of immature teeth with calcium hydroxide or mineral trioxide aggregate: systematic review and meta-analysis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2011;112:e36-42 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to conduct a quantitative systematic review, including published data, comparing the efficacy of mineral trioxide aggregate and calcium hydroxide as material used for the endodontic management of immature teeth.
  31. Silva E, Accorsi Mendonça T, Almeida J, Ferraz C, Gomes B, Zaia A. Evaluation of cytotoxicity and up-regulation of gelatinases in human fibroblast cells by four root canal sealers. Int Endod J. 2012;45:49-56 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the effects of root canal sealers on the cytotoxicity and gelatinolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in human fibroblasts...
  32. Aparna S, Setty S, Thakur S. Oily calcium hydroxide suspension in the treatment of infrabony periodontal defects: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Quintessence Int. 2011;42:835-42 pubmed
    To evaluate the efficacy of oily calcium hydroxide suspension (OCHS) in the of treatment of infrabony defects.
  33. Scelza M, Coil J, Alves G. Effect of time of extraction on the biocompatibility of endodontic sealers with primary human fibroblasts. Braz Oral Res. 2012;26:424-30 pubmed
    ..All materials presented some level of cytotoxicity to fibroblasts, while GuttaFlow was the least cytotoxic sealer tested. However, the cytotoxicity of all materials seemed to decrease similarly in a time-dependent manner...
  34. Jhamb S, Nikhil V, Singh V. An in vitro study of antibacterial effect of calcium hydroxide and chlorhexidine on Enterococcus faecalis. Indian J Dent Res. 2010;21:512-4 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate and compare the antibacterial effects of chlorhexidine and calcium hydroxide on Enterococcus faecalis.
  35. Silva Herzog D, Ramirez T, Mora J, Pozos A, Silva L, Silva R, et al. Preliminary study of the inflammatory response to subcutaneous implantation of three root canal sealers. Int Endod J. 2011;44:440-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the kinetics of the inflammatory tissue response to three root canal sealers using a physicochemical method for quantification of the enhanced vascular permeability and histopathological analysis...
  36. Tasdemir T, Celik D, Er K, Yildirim T, Ceyhanli K, Yesilyurt C. Efficacy of several techniques for the removal of calcium hydroxide medicament from root canals. Int Endod J. 2011;44:505-9 pubmed publisher
    To compare the efficacy of several techniques for the removal of calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)(2)) from root canals.
  37. da Silva J, Andrade Junior C, Zaia A, Pessoa O. Microscopic cleanliness evaluation of the apical root canal after using calcium hydroxide mixed with chlorhexidine, propylene glycol, or antibiotic paste. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2011;111:260-4 pubmed publisher
    This study evaluated cleaning of the dentinal wall after removal of different calcium hydroxide pastes...
  38. Dammaschke T, Stratmann U, Wolff P, Sagheri D, Schafer E. Direct pulp capping with mineral trioxide aggregate: an immunohistologic comparison with calcium hydroxide in rodents. J Endod. 2010;36:814-9 pubmed publisher
    The aim was to evaluate the proliferation of pulp cells 1, 3, and 7 days after direct pulp capping with ProRoot MTA (MTA) and to compare the results with calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)(2)).
  39. Tuna E, Dinçol M, Gencay K, Aktoren O. Fracture resistance of immature teeth filled with BioAggregate, mineral trioxide aggregate and calcium hydroxide. Dent Traumatol. 2011;27:174-8 pubmed publisher
    Abstract?-? Background:?The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the long-term fracture resistance of human immature permanent teeth filled with BioAggregate (BA), mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and calcium hydroxide (CH).
  40. WISEMAN A, Cox T, Paranjpe A, Flake N, Cohenca N, Johnson J. Efficacy of sonic and ultrasonic activation for removal of calcium hydroxide from mesial canals of mandibular molars: a microtomographic study. J Endod. 2011;37:235-8 pubmed publisher
    ..tomography (micro-CT) scanning to evaluate the efficacy of sonic and passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) on calcium hydroxide (Ca[OH](2)) removal and to measure the volume and percentage of Ca(OH)(2) remaining in the root canal system.
  41. Bidar M, Disfani R, Gharagozloo S, Khoynezhad S, Rouhani A. Medication with calcium hydroxide improved marginal adaptation of mineral trioxide aggregate apical barrier. J Endod. 2010;36:1679-82 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of calcium hydroxide premedication on the marginal adaptation of the mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) apical barrier.
  42. Kandaswamy D, Venkateshbabu N, Gogulnath D, Kindo A. Dentinal tubule disinfection with 2% chlorhexidine gel, propolis, morinda citrifolia juice, 2% povidone iodine, and calcium hydroxide. Int Endod J. 2010;43:419-23 pubmed publisher
    ..activity of 2% chlorhexidine gel, propolis, Morinda citrifolia juice (MCJ), 2% povidone Iodine (POV-I), and calcium hydroxide on Enterococcus faecalis-infected root canal dentine at two different depths (200 microm and 400 microm) and ..
  43. Liu H, Zhou Q, Qin M. Mineral trioxide aggregate versus calcium hydroxide for pulpotomy in primary molars. Chin J Dent Res. 2011;14:121-5 pubmed
    To compare the effects of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and calcium hydroxide (CH) for pulpotomy in primary molars.
  44. Borges R, Sousa Neto M, Versiani M, Rached Júnior F, de Deus G, Miranda C, et al. Changes in the surface of four calcium silicate-containing endodontic materials and an epoxy resin-based sealer after a solubility test. Int Endod J. 2012;45:419-28 pubmed publisher
  45. Lima R, Guerreiro Tanomaru J, Faria Júnior N, Tanomaru Filho M. Effectiveness of calcium hydroxide-based intracanal medicaments against Enterococcus faecalis. Int Endod J. 2012;45:311-6 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of calcium hydroxide-based intracanal medicaments against Enterococcus faecalis.
  46. Shimizu T, Kawakami T, Ochiai T, Kurihara S, Hasegawa H. Histopathological evaluation of subcutaneous tissue reaction in mice to a calcium hydroxide paste developed for root canal fillings. J Int Med Res. 2004;32:416-21 pubmed
    We aimed to evaluate the subcutaneous tissue reaction to a new calcium hydroxide paste for root canal fillings developed by Neo Dental Chemical Products Co., Tokyo, Japan...
  47. De Deus G, Coutinho Filho T, Reis C, Murad C, Paciornik S. Polymicrobial leakage of four root canal sealers at two different thicknesses. J Endod. 2006;32:998-1001 pubmed
    ..Generally, greater sealer thickness influenced negatively the sealing ability of the root canal filling, except in AH Plus samples. ..
  48. El Meligy O, Avery D. Comparison of mineral trioxide aggregate and calcium hydroxide as pulpotomy agents in young permanent teeth (apexogenesis). Pediatr Dent. 2006;28:399-404 pubmed
    The purpose of this study was to compare mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) with calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) clinically and radiographically as a pulpotomy agent in immature permanent teeth (apexogenesis)...
  49. Blanscet M, Tordik P, Goodell G. An agar diffusion comparison of the antimicrobial effect of calcium hydroxide at five different concentrations with three different vehicles. J Endod. 2008;34:1246-8 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this study was to determine if varying the percent (by weight) of aqueous calcium hydroxide or using different vehicles had an effect on its antibacterial efficacy against common endodontic pathogens in a pour plate/..
  50. Tanomaru Filho M, Jorge E, Tanomaru J, Goncalves M. Evaluation of the radiopacity of calcium hydroxide- and glass-ionomer-based root canal sealers. Int Endod J. 2008;41:50-3 pubmed
    To evaluate the radiopacity of calcium hydroxide-based root canal sealers (Acroseal, Sealapex and Sealer 26), a glass-ionomer-based sealer (Activ GP Sealer) and a zinc oxide and eugenol-based sealer (Intrafill)...
  51. Vianna M, Gomes B, Sena N, Zaia A, Ferraz C, de Souza Filho F. In vitro evaluation of the susceptibility of endodontic pathogens to calcium hydroxide combined with different vehicles. Braz Dent J. 2005;16:175-80 pubmed
    The aim of this study was to investigate in vitro the antimicrobial activity of calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2] in combination with different vehicles against endodontic pathogens. For such purpose, a broth dilution test was performed...
  52. Camilleri J, Montesin F, Di Silvio L, Pitt Ford T. The chemical constitution and biocompatibility of accelerated Portland cement for endodontic use. Int Endod J. 2005;38:834-42 pubmed
    ..Cell growth was poor when seeded in direct contact with the test cements. However, the elution made up of calcium hydroxide produced during the hydration reaction was shown to induce cell proliferation.
  53. Kitasako Y, Shibata S, Tagami J. Migration and particle clearance from hard-setting Ca(OH)2 and self-etching adhesive resin following direct pulp capping. Am J Dent. 2006;19:370-5 pubmed
    To evaluate the migration and particle clearance from a hard-setting calcium hydroxide (HSCH) and self-etching adhesive resin (SEAD) following direct pulp capping using the light and electron microscope.
  54. Sawicki L, Pameijer C, Emerich K, Adamowicz Klepalska B. Histological evaluation of mineral trioxide aggregate and calcium hydroxide in direct pulp capping of human immature permanent teeth. Am J Dent. 2008;21:262-6 pubmed
    ..histological findings in human immature permanent premolars scheduled for extraction for orthodontic reasons, in which mechanical pulp exposures were capped with white ProRoot Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (WMTA) or calcium hydroxide (CH).
  55. Chamberlain T, Kirkpatrick T, Rutledge R. pH changes in external root surface cavities after calcium hydroxide is placed at 1, 3 and 5 mm short of the radiographic apex. Dent Traumatol. 2009;25:470-4 pubmed publisher
    ..is no difference in the pH on the external apical dentin surface when the canal is completely filled with calcium hydroxide or when it is placed 3 or 5 mm short of the apical foramen in extracted human teeth...
  56. Contardo L, De Luca M, Bevilacqua L, Breschi L, Di Lenarda R. Influence of calcium hydroxide debris on the quality of endodontic apical seal. Minerva Stomatol. 2007;56:509-17 pubmed
    The aim of the study was to study investigate the influence of calcium hydroxide used as intermediate medication on the quality of apical seal of a silicon based and an experimental resin based endodontic sealer.
  57. Accorinte M, Holland R, Reis A, Bortoluzzi M, Murata S, Dezan E, et al. Evaluation of mineral trioxide aggregate and calcium hydroxide cement as pulp-capping agents in human teeth. J Endod. 2008;34:1-6 pubmed
    ..Although the pulp healing with calcium hydroxide was slower than that of MTA, both materials were successful for pulp capping in human teeth.
  58. Sathorn C, Parashos P, Messer H. Antibacterial efficacy of calcium hydroxide intracanal dressing: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int Endod J. 2007;40:2-10 pubmed
    To determine to what extent does calcium hydroxide intracanal medication eliminate bacteria from human root canals, compared with the same canals before medication, as measured by the number of positive cultures, in patients undergoing ..
  59. Turk B, Sen B, Ozturk T. In vitro antimicrobial activity of calcium hydroxide mixed with different vehicles against Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2009;108:297-301 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate antimicrobial activity of calcium hydroxide (CH) in combination with glycerin, chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX), cetrimide, or distilled water against Enterococcus faecalis and Candida ..
  60. Ribeiro D, Marques M, Salvadori D. Lack of genotoxicity of formocresol, paramonochlorophenol, and calcium hydroxide on mammalian cells by comet assay. J Endod. 2004;30:593-6 pubmed
    Formocresol, paramonochlorophenol, and calcium hydroxide are widely used in dentistry because of their antibacterial activities in root canal disinfection...