tin fluorides

Summary

Summary: Inorganic fluorides of tin. They include both stannic fluoride (tin tetrafluoride) and stannous fluoride (tin difluoride). The latter is used in the prevention of dental caries.

Top Publications

  1. Bellamy P, Jhaj R, Mussett A, Barker M, Klukowska M, White D. Comparison of a stabilized stannous fluoride/sodium hexametaphosphate dentifrice and a zinc citrate dentifrice on plaque formation measured by digital plaque imaging (DPIA) with white light illumination. J Clin Dent. 2008;19:48-54 pubmed
    ..454% stannous fluoride/sodium hexametaphosphate dentifrice (SnF2/SHMP) and a 0.76% sodium monofluorophosphate/zinc citrate (ZnCit/SMFP) dentifrice using the white light DPIA system...
  2. White D, Kozak K, Gibb R, Dunavent J, Klukowska M, Sagel P. A 24-hour dental plaque prevention study with a stannous fluoride dentifrice containing hexametaphosphate. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2006;7:1-11 pubmed
    ..2% coverage, a 17% reduction vs. sodium fluoride dentifrice control). These results support the strong retention and lasting antimicrobial efficacy of high stabilized stannous fluoride/sodium hexametaphosphate dentifrices...
  3. van der Mei H, White D, Kamminga Rasker H, Knight J, Baig A, Smit J, et al. Influence of dentifrices and dietary components in saliva on wettability of pellicle-coated enamel in vitro and in vivo. Eur J Oral Sci. 2002;110:434-8 pubmed
  4. White D. Effect of a stannous fluoride dentifrice on plaque formation and removal: a digital plaque imaging study. J Clin Dent. 2007;18:21-4 pubmed
    ..A repeated measures digital imaging technique (Digital Plaque Image Analysis-DPIA) was used to assess the antiplaque effectiveness of a 0.454% stannous fluoride dentifrice...
  5. Bellamy P, Khera N, Day T, Barker M, Mussett A. A randomized clinical trial to compare plaque inhibition of a sodium fluoride/potassium nitrate dentifrice versus a stabilized stannous fluoride/sodium hexametaphosphate dentifrice. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2009;10:1-9 pubmed
    ..454% stannous fluoride/sodium hexametaphosphate/sodium fluoride positive control dentifrice (SnF2/SHMP with 1450 ppm F)...
  6. Young A, Thrane P, Saxegaard E, Jonski G, Rölla G. Effect of stannous fluoride toothpaste on erosion-like lesions: an in vivo study. Eur J Oral Sci. 2006;114:180-3 pubmed
    ..Toothpaste appears to be an acceptable vehicle for SnF(2) and maintains the dissolution-reducing effect exhibited by aqueous solutions of this fluoride salt...
  7. Bellamy P, Khera N, Day T, Mussett A, Barker M. A randomized clinical study comparing the plaque inhibition effect of a SnF2/SHMP dentifrice (blend-a-med EXPERT GUMS PROTECTION) and a chlorhexidine digluconate dentifrice (Lacalut Aktiv). J Clin Dent. 2009;20:33-8 pubmed
    ..454% stannous fluoride/sodium hexametaphosphate/sodium fluoride dentifrice (SnF2/SHMP with 1450 ppm F) to a chlorhexidine digluconate (0.05%), aluminum lactate (0.8%), and aluminum fluoride (AlF3/Chx with 1400 ppm F) dentifrice...
  8. Schlueter N, Hardt M, Lussi A, Engelmann F, Klimek J, Ganss C. Tin-containing fluoride solutions as anti-erosive agents in enamel: an in vitro tin-uptake, tissue-loss, and scanning electron micrograph study. Eur J Oral Sci. 2009;117:427-34 pubmed publisher
    ..The efficacy of tin-containing solutions seems to depend mainly on the incorporation of tin into enamel...
  9. Heijnsbroek M, Gerardu V, Buijs M, van Loveren C, Ten Cate J, Timmerman M, et al. Increased salivary fluoride concentrations after post-brush fluoride rinsing not reflected in dental plaque. Caries Res. 2006;40:444-8 pubmed
    ..It is concluded that the potentially beneficial effect of not rinsing or fluoride rinsing after tooth brushing is not reflected in an increased fluoride concentration in newly formed dental plaque 6 h after brushing...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Busscher H, White D, Atema Smit J, van der Mei H. Efficacy and mechanisms of non-antibacterial, chemical plaque control by dentifrices--an in vitro study. J Dent. 2007;35:294-301 pubmed
    ..It is the aim of this paper to analyze in vitro detachment of co-aggregating oral actinomyces and streptococci from pellicle surfaces by dentifrice supernates and to study subsequent de novo streptococcal deposition...
  2. Ganss C, Schlueter N, Hardt M, Schattenberg P, Klimek J. Effect of fluoride compounds on enamel erosion in vitro: a comparison of amine, sodium and stannous fluoride. Caries Res. 2008;42:2-7 pubmed
    ..7 +/- 28.4 microm) had no significant effect on erosion progression. The results indicate considerable differences between the fluoride compounds tested. Treatment with solutions containing SnF2 was most effective...
  3. Hooper S, Newcombe R, Faller R, Eversole S, Addy M, West N. The protective effects of toothpaste against erosion by orange juice: studies in situ and in vitro. J Dent. 2007;35:476-81 pubmed
    ..The aim of this investigation was to determine the protective effects of an experimental fluoride-based toothpaste, containing sodium hexametaphosphate, against an erosive challenge on tooth enamel...
  4. Busscher H, White D, van der Mei H, Baig A, Kozak K. Hexametaphosphate effects on tooth surface conditioning film chemistry--in vitro and in vivo studies. J Clin Dent. 2002;13:38-43 pubmed
    ..These surface chemistries may contribute to the unique clinical actions of hexametaphosphate established in recently reported, randomized clinical studies of tartar control, stain prevention and stain removal effects...
  5. Wang X, Miyazaki K, Itoh Y, Motokawa W. Effect of experimental fluoride-releasing tooth separator on acid resistance of human enamel in vitro. Dent Mater J. 2001;20:275-85 pubmed
    ..05). It is suggested that the experimental tooth separator would release enough fluoride and improve the acid resistance of the enamel surface layer...
  6. Steinberg D, Rozen R, Klausner E, Zachs B, Friedman M. Formulation, development and characterization of sustained release varnishes containing amine and stannous fluorides. Caries Res. 2002;36:411-6 pubmed
    ..Both types of SRV demonstrated a strong antibacterial effect on bacteria in biofilm...
  7. Watanabe I, Watanabe E. Surface changes induced by fluoride prophylactic agents on titanium-based orthodontic wires. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2003;123:653-6 pubmed
  8. Brêtas S, Macari S, Elias A, Ito I, Matsumoto M. Effect of 0.4% stannous fluoride gel on Streptococci mutans in relation to elastomeric rings and steel ligatures in orthodontic patients. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2005;127:428-33 pubmed
    ..The aim of this investigation was to study the development of biofilm and S. mutans cfu in connection with stainless steel ligatures and elastomeric rings in orthodontic patients treated with and without 0.4% stannous fluoride gel (SFG)...
  9. Issa A, Toumba K. Oral fluoride retention in saliva following toothbrushing with child and adult dentifrices with and without water rinsing. Caries Res. 2004;38:15-9 pubmed
    ..52 ppm F, CI 0.23, 0.81). Two hours after brushing with fluoride toothpaste containing AmF and NaF, the salivary fluoride levels were still higher than baseline levels...
  10. Paraskevas S, Versteeg P, Timmerman M, Van der Velden U, van der Weijden G. The effect of a dentifrice and mouth rinse combination containing amine fluoride/stannous fluoride on plaque and gingivitis: a 6-month field study. J Clin Periodontol. 2005;32:757-64 pubmed
  11. Wiegand A, Bichsel D, Magalhaes A, Becker K, Attin T. Effect of sodium, amine and stannous fluoride at the same concentration and different pH on in vitro erosion. J Dent. 2009;37:591-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aimed to compare the effects 0.5% and 1% sodium, amine and stannous fluoride at different pH on enamel erosion in vitro...
  12. Wilhelm D, Himmelmann A, Krause C, Wilhelm K. Short term clinical efficacy of new meridol HALITOSIS tooth & tongue gel in combination with a tongue cleaner to reduce oral malodor. J Clin Dent. 2013;24:12-9 pubmed
  13. Orbak R, Canakci V, Tezel A. Clinical evaluation of an electron-ionizing toothbrush with a tooth paste containing stannous fluoride in treatment of dentine hypersensitivity following periodontal surgery. Dent Mater J. 2001;20:164-71 pubmed
    ..The second group showed significantly less sensitivity than the first group. The findings appear to suggest that the ionizing brush may be an effective adjunct for the treatment of dentin hypersensitivity in post-periodontal surgery...
  14. Ganss C, Klimek J, Schaffer U, Spall T. Effectiveness of two fluoridation measures on erosion progression in human enamel and dentine in vitro. Caries Res. 2001;35:325-30 pubmed
    ..001). The intensive fluoridation significantly reduced erosion progression in enamel but had a more pronounced effect on dentine. The results suggest that subjects with erosive lesions should use an intensive fluoridation measure...
  15. Quaranta A, Ronconi L, Di Carlo F, Vozza I, Quaranta M. Electrochemical behaviour of titanium in ammine and stannous fluoride and chlorhexidine 0.2 percent mouthwashes. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2010;23:335-43 pubmed
    ..The results obtained in this study will enable us to recommend the use of Am-SnF2 mouthwash for patients with dental implants...
  16. Singh S, Chaknis P, DeVizio W, Petrone M, Panagakos F, Proskin H. A clinical investigation of the efficacy of three commercially available dentifrices for controlling established gingivitis and supragingival plaque. J Clin Dent. 2010;21:105-10 pubmed
    ..454% stannous fluoride, sodium hexametaphosphate, and zinc lactate, and a dentifrice containing 0.243% sodium fluoride as a negative control...
  17. He T, Britt M, Biesbrock A. Innovations in global dentifrice technology: an advanced stannous-containing sodium fluoride dentifrice. Am J Dent. 2010;23 Spec No B:3B-10B pubmed
    ..Recently, a novel stannous-containing sodium fluoride (1450 ppm F-) dentifrice was introduced that has been tested in the lab and/or clinically in diverse geographic regions for its impact on major oral conditions...
  18. White D, Lawless M, Fatade A, Baig A, von Koppenfels R, Duschner H, et al. Stannous fluoride/sodium hexametaphosphate dentifrice increases dentin resistance to tubule exposure in vitro. J Clin Dent. 2007;18:55-9 pubmed
  19. Raichur P, Setty S, Thakur S. Comparative evaluation of diode laser, stannous fluoride gel, and potassium nitrate gel in the treatment of dentinal hypersensitivity. Gen Dent. 2013;61:66-71 pubmed
    ..The 940 nm DL was not only efficacious, but also brought about improved immediate relief as compared to stannous fluoride and potassium nitrate gels in the reduction of DH...
  20. Madléna M, Gintner Z, Bánóczy J, Dombi C. [Evaluation of clinical effects of amine fluoride/stannous fluoride containing toothpaste and mouthrinse]. Fogorv Sz. 2005;98:229-32 pubmed
    ..It is concluded that regular use of AmF/AnF2 toothpaste has a beneficial effect for reduction of plaque accumulation but its effect can be enhanced with additional use of Am/SnF2 containing mouthrinse...
  21. Hjortsjö C, Jonski G, Thrane P, Saxegaard E, Young A. The effects of acidic fluoride solutions on early enamel erosion in vivo. Caries Res. 2009;43:126-31 pubmed publisher
    ..No reduction was observed for TiF(4) or NaF. The types of metal, pH and fluoride concentration are all important for the in vivo effect...
  22. Lang N, Anton E, Gabriel Y, Salvi G, Pjetursson B, Winston J, et al. An experimental gingivitis study to evaluate the clinical effects of a stannous fluoride dentifrice. Oral Health Prev Dent. 2004;2:369-76 pubmed
    ..45% stannous fluoride dentifrice used as a slurry on dental biofilm formation and the development of gingivitis...
  23. Lima Filho G, Lima G, Moreno S, Aleixo L, Santos Filho S, Freitas R, et al. Physiological (osmotic fragility) and morphological effects on red blood cells: action of phytic acid and stannous fluoride. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2004;82:1091-5 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, the alterations to RBC morphology were not sufficient to promote modifications in osmotic fragility. Our results suggest that the chelating properties of phytic acid could be responsible for the observed effects...
  24. Knoll Köhler E, Stiebel J. Amine fluoride gel affects the viability and the generation of superoxide anions in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes: an in vitro study. Eur J Oral Sci. 2002;110:296-301 pubmed
    ..Compared with data published on the minimal inhibitory concentration for periodontal pathogenic bacteria, the cytotoxicity of amine hydrofluorides on eukaryotic cells is much greater and thus of consequence for their clinical use...
  25. Wefel J, Stanford C, Ament D, Hogan M, Harless J, Pfarrer A, et al. In situ evaluation of sodium hexametaphosphate-containing dentifrices. Caries Res. 2002;36:122-8 pubmed
    ..In addition, the experimental SnF(2) product was numerically better than both the NaF and placebo controls at preventing demineralization of sound root surfaces...
  26. Parkinson C, Willson R. A comparative in vitro study investigating the occlusion and mineralization properties of commercial toothpastes in a four-day dentin disc model. J Clin Dent. 2011;22:74-81 pubmed
  27. Sowinski J, Bonta Y, Battista G, Petrone D, DeVizio W, Petrone M, et al. Desensitizing efficacy of Colgate Sensitive Maximum Strength and Fresh Mint Sensodyne dentifrices. Am J Dent. 2000;13:116-20 pubmed
    ..0% potassium nitrate and 0.76% sodium monofluorophosphate in a dicalcium phosphate base (Fresh Mint Sensodyne dentifrice)...
  28. Hjortsjö C, Jonski G, Young A, Saxegaard E. Effect of acidic fluoride treatments on early enamel erosion lesions--a comparison of calcium and profilometric analyses. Arch Oral Biol. 2010;55:229-34 pubmed publisher
    ..The protective effect of fluoride solutions against acidic challenge on enamel was tested in vitro using calcium- and profilometer analyses...
  29. Bidra A, Tarrand J, Roberts D, Rolston K, Chambers M. Antimicrobial efficacy of oral topical agents on microorganisms associated with radiated head and neck cancer patients: an in vitro study. Quintessence Int. 2011;42:307-15 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate antimicrobial efficacies of various oral topical agents on common microorganisms associated with radiated head and neck cancer patients...
  30. He T, Cheng R, Biesbrock A, Chang A, Sun L. Rapid desensitizing efficacy of a stannous-containing sodium fluoride dentifrice. J Clin Dent. 2011;22:40-5 pubmed
  31. Shulman J, Wells L. Acute fluoride toxicity from ingesting home-use dental products in children, birth to 6 years of age. J Public Health Dent. 1997;57:150-8 pubmed
  32. Meurman J, Kari K, Aikäs A, Kallio P. One-year compliance and effects of amine and stannous fluoride on some salivary biochemical constituents and oral microbes in institutionalized elderly. Spec Care Dentist. 2001;21:32-6 pubmed
    ..The residents were pleased to participate, but the number of drop-outs was very high, confirming the expected difficulties with the utilization of a group of frail elderly as research subjects...
  33. Doherty U, Benson P, Higham S. Fluoride-releasing elastomeric ligatures assessed with the in situ caries model. Eur J Orthod. 2002;24:371-8 pubmed
    ..This may be due to the short-term nature of the fluoride release. However, they might affect the local environment surrounding the bracket...
  34. Walters P. Dentinal hypersensitivity: a review. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2005;6:107-17 pubmed
    ..This review will address the prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment of dentinal hypersensitivity. In addition the home care recommendations will focus on desensitizing dentifrices...
  35. Mankodi S, Bartizek R, Winston J, Biesbrock A, McClanahan S, He T. Anti-gingivitis efficacy of a stabilized 0.454% stannous fluoride/sodium hexametaphosphate dentifrice. J Clin Periodontol. 2005;32:75-80 pubmed
    ..The objective of this study was to assess the anti-gingivitis efficacy of a stabilized 0.454% stannous fluoride/sodium hexametaphosphate dentifrice relative to a negative control...
  36. Quirynen M, De Soete M, Pauwels M, Gizani S, Van Meerbeek B, Van Steenberghe D. Can toothpaste or a toothbrush with antibacterial tufts prevent toothbrush contamination?. J Periodontol. 2003;74:312-22 pubmed
    ..This study examined a decontamination of toothbrushes by means of the bactericidal effect of different toothpastes or a special coating of the tufts...
  37. Hughes D. Nuclear medicine and infection detection: the relative effectiveness of imaging with 111In-oxine-, 99mTc-HMPAO-, and 99mTc-stannous fluoride colloid-labeled leukocytes and with 67Ga-citrate. J Nucl Med Technol. 2003;31:196-201; quiz 203-4 pubmed
  38. Madléna M, Bánóczy J, Gotz G, Marton S, Kaán M, Nagy G. Effects of amine and stannous fluorides on plaque accumulation and gingival health in orthodontic patients treated with fixed appliances: a pilot study. Oral Health Dent Manag. 2012;11:57-61 pubmed
  39. Hoffmann T, Bruhn G, Richter S, Netuschil L, Brecx M. Clinical controlled study on plaque and gingivitis reduction under long-term use of low-dose chlorhexidine solutions in a population exhibiting good oral hygiene. Clin Oral Investig. 2001;5:89-95 pubmed
    ..If maintaining clinical health is the goal, the other solutions are a good alternative to 0.1% CHX because they exhibit less staining...
  40. Shapira L, Shapira M, Tandlich M, Gedalia I. Effect of amine fluoride-stannous fluoride containing toothpaste (Meridol) on plaque and gingivitis in adults: a six-month clinical study. J Int Acad Periodontol. 1999;1:117-20 pubmed
    ..The results of the present study suggest that the long-term use of AmF/SnF2 toothpaste in adults may be of benefit to gingival health...
  41. Weiland B, Netuschil L, Hoffmann T, Lorenz K. Substantivity of amine fluoride/stannous fluoride following different modes of application: a randomized, investigator-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Acta Odontol Scand. 2008;66:307-13 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this clinical controlled study was to investigate the influence of different application modes on the substantivity of this formulation...
  42. George K, Hector A, Levason W, Reid G, Sanderson G, Webster M, et al. Hypervalent neutral O-donor ligand complexes of silicon tetrafluoride, comparisons with other group 14 tetrafluorides and a search for soft donor ligand complexes. Dalton Trans. 2011;40:1584-93 pubmed publisher
    ..The key energy factors determining stability of these complexes are discussed...
  43. Windeler T. [Amine fluoride does not cause disintegration of glass ceramics]. Schweiz Monatsschr Zahnmed. 2004;114:41-7 pubmed
    ..It was shown that individual brushing with an acidulated fluoride gelée according to the manufacturers prescription is not harmful to ceramic restoration material...
  44. Meyer Lueckel H, Umland N, Hopfenmuller W, Kielbassa A. Effect of mucin alone and in combination with various dentifrices on in vitro Remineralization. Caries Res. 2004;38:478-83 pubmed
    ..Thus, mucin could be considered as an additive to saliva substitutes or mouthwashes in patients with hyposalivation...
  45. Lippert F, Newby E, Lynch R, Chauhan V, Schemehorn B. Laboratory assessment of the anticaries potential of a new dentifrice. J Clin Dent. 2009;20:45-9 pubmed
  46. Guggenheim B, Lutz F, Schmid R. Caries and plaque inhibition in rats by five topically applied dentifrices. Eur J Oral Sci. 1997;105:258-63 pubmed
    ..It appears that the effect of antiplaque agents should be evaluated in the rat model using a diet containing sucrose at a low level...
  47. Earl J, Langford R. Physical and chemical characterization of the surface layers formed on dentin following treatment with an experimental anhydrous stannous fluoride dentifrice. Am J Dent. 2013;26 Spec No A:19A-24A pubmed
    ..To characterize, in vitro, the mode of action of stannous fluoride containing formulations in occluding dentin tubules, by means of high resolution microscopy techniques...
  48. Eversole S, Saunders Burkhardt K, Faller R. Erosion protection comparison of stabilised SnF2 , mixed fluoride active and SMFP/arginine-containing dentifrices. Int Dent J. 2014;64 Suppl 1:22-8 pubmed publisher
  49. Lima Filho G, Lima G, Freitas R, Aleixo L, Moreno S, Catanho M, et al. Evaluation of the phytic acid effect on the labeling of blood elements with technetium-99m and on the survival of a strain of Escherichia coli treated with stannous fluoride. Mol Cell Biochem. 2003;247:121-6 pubmed
    ..coli culture, we can suggest that, probably, phytic acid would have chelating properties to the stannous ions...
  50. Austin R, Stenhagen K, Hove L, Dunne S, Moazzez R, Bartlett D, et al. A qualitative and quantitative investigation into the effect of fluoride formulations on enamel erosion and erosion-abrasion in vitro. J Dent. 2011;39:648-55 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the effect of a single application of highly concentrated SnF(2) and NaF solutions and a NaF/CaF(2) varnish on human enamel subjected to hydrochloric acid erosion and tooth brush abrasion...
  51. Meurman J, Kari K, Waltimo T, Kotiranta A, Inkeri J, Samaranayake L. In vitro antifungal effect of amine fluoride-stannous fluoride combination on oral Candida species. Oral Dis. 2006;12:45-50 pubmed
    ..This study investigated its effect on pathogenic Candida species with the hypothesis that the antifungal action on different species is variable...
  52. Schiff T, He T, Sagel L, Baker R. Efficacy and safety of a novel stabilized stannous fluoride and sodium hexametaphosphate dentifrice for dentinal hypersensitivity. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2006;7:1-8 pubmed
    ..This trial was conducted to assess the desensitizing efficacy of this new dentifrice relative to a sodium fluoride control dentifrice...
  53. Flatt C, Warren Morris D, Turner S, Chan J. Effects of a stannous fluoride-impregnated dental floss on in vivo salivary fluoride levels. J Dent Hyg. 2008;82:19 pubmed
    ..The aim of this in vivo pilot study was to determine the concentration of fluoride retained intra-orally in saliva after flossing with dental floss impregnated with stannous fluoride (SnF(2))...