hydrofluoric acid

Summary

Summary: Hydrofluoric acid. A solution of hydrogen fluoride in water. It is a colorless fuming liquid which can cause painful burns.

Top Publications

  1. Franzblau A, Sahakian N. Asthma following household exposure to hydrofluoric acid. Am J Ind Med. 2003;44:321-4 pubmed
    Almost all reports of respiratory health effects of hydrofluoric acid are derived from industrial settings and usually involved massive and conspicuous exposures...
  2. Holstege C, Baer A, Brady W. The electrocardiographic toxidrome: the ECG presentation of hydrofluoric acid ingestion. Am J Emerg Med. 2005;23:171-6 pubmed
    ..A case of hydrofluoric acid poisoning is used as an example of this diagnostic approach...
  3. Guo J, Padilla R, Ambrose W, De Kok I, Cooper L. The effect of hydrofluoric acid treatment of TiO2 grit blasted titanium implants on adherent osteoblast gene expression in vitro and in vivo. Biomaterials. 2007;28:5418-25 pubmed
    ..In vivo assessments of implant adherent cell phenotypes provide further insight into the mechanisms affecting alloplast-tissue interactions...
  4. Hultén P, Hojer J, Ludwigs U, Janson A. Hexafluorine vs. standard decontamination to reduce systemic toxicity after dermal exposure to hydrofluoric acid. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 2004;42:355-61 pubmed
    Dermal exposure to hydrofluoric acid (HF) may cause severe burns and systemic toxicity. Hexafluorine (Prevor, France) is a product marketed as an emergency decontamination fluid for HF skin and eye exposures...
  5. Hjortsjö C, Saxegaard E, Young A, Dahl J. In vivo and in vitro irritation testing of low concentrations of hydrofluoric acid. Acta Odontol Scand. 2009;67:360-5 pubmed publisher
    Acidic fluorides are proposed for the treatment of dental erosion. The aim of this study was to examine the irritation properties of dilute hydrofluoric acid (HF) solutions for potential use in the oral cavity.
  6. Dalamaga M, Karmaniolas K, Nikolaidou A, Papadavid E. Hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, and hypokalemia following hydrofluoric acid chemical injury. J Burn Care Res. 2008;29:541-3 pubmed publisher
    Dermal exposure to hydrofluoric acid could potentially result in severe serum calcium and magnesium depletion induced by binding with fluoride anion...
  7. Makarovsky I, Markel G, Dushnitsky T, Eisenkraft A. Hydrogen fluoride--the protoplasmic poison. Isr Med Assoc J. 2008;10:381-5 pubmed
    ..The emergency medical teams should be familiar with its symptoms, should possess the proper protective means and should be ready to respond properly in case of emergency...
  8. Ohata U, Hara H, Suzuki H. 7 cases of hydrofluoric acid burn in which calcium gluconate was effective for relief of severe pain. Contact Dermatitis. 2005;52:133-7 pubmed
    We report 7 cases of chemical burns due to hydrofluoric acid (HF). The patients suffered from severe pain. However, the pain was relieved after treatment with calcium gluconate. 6 out of the 7 cases were men...
  9. Zhong N, Liao Q, Zhu X, Wang Y, Chen R. High-quality fiber fabrication in buffered hydrofluoric acid solution with ultrasonic agitation. Appl Opt. 2013;52:1432-40 pubmed publisher
    ..The fibers' spectral quality is improved as the ratio of the pit depth to size decreases, and the fibers with smooth surfaces are more sensitive to a bacterial suspension than those with rough surfaces...

More Information

Publications62

  1. El Sayed H, Birss V. Controlled growth and monitoring of tantalum oxide nanostructures. Nanoscale. 2010;2:793-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Knowledge of the meaning of these in situ signals can now serve to accelerate the controlled formation of oxide nanotubes or dimpled surfaces using other combinations of metals and anodization conditions...
  2. Spöler F, Frentz M, Först M, Kurz H, Schrage N. Analysis of hydrofluoric acid penetration and decontamination of the eye by means of time-resolved optical coherence tomography. Burns. 2008;34:549-55 pubmed
    ..Rabbit corneas were exposed ex vivo to 2.5% hydrofluoric acid (HF) solution, and microstructural changes were monitored in the time domain by OCT imaging...
  3. Tang Y, Fang J, Xu X, Ji H, Brown G, Thundat T. Detection of femtomolar concentrations of HF Using an SiO(2) microcantilever. Anal Chem. 2004;76:2478-81 pubmed
    ..Much less bending amplitude and sensitivity were observed for the silicon cantilever...
  4. Dunser M, Ohlbauer M, Rieder J, Zimmermann I, Ruatti H, Schwabegger A, et al. Critical care management of major hydrofluoric acid burns: a case report, review of the literature, and recommendations for therapy. Burns. 2004;30:391-8 pubmed
  5. Chaiyabutr Y, McGowan S, Phillips K, Kois J, Giordano R. The effect of hydrofluoric acid surface treatment and bond strength of a zirconia veneering ceramic. J Prosthet Dent. 2008;100:194-202 pubmed publisher
    ..While it may be desirable to use the same veneering ceramic on adjacent teeth, little information is available about the use of veneering ceramics over a zirconia-based material...
  6. Takase I, Kono K, Tamura A, Nishio H, Dote T, Suzuki K. Fatality due to acute fluoride poisoning in the workplace. Leg Med (Tokyo). 2004;6:197-200 pubmed
    ..a third-degree skin burn to 5% of his total body surface area as a result of being splashed in the face with hydrofluoric acid (HF). He died shortly thereafter without having received adequate first aid...
  7. Thomas D, Jaeger U, Sagoschen I, Lamberti C, Wilhelm K. Intra-arterial calcium gluconate treatment after hydrofluoric acid burn of the hand. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2009;32:155-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is a colorless corrosive acid used in different industrial branches. Exposure to HF typically results from spills, and most often the hand or fingers are involved...
  8. Moreno C, Beierle E. Hydrofluoric acid burn in a child from a compressed air duster. J Burn Care Res. 2007;28:909-12 pubmed
    ..We propose an approach to the care of these patients that provides a focus on both prevention and attention to mental health...
  9. Lamolle S, Monjo M, Lyngstadaas S, Ellingsen J, Haugen H. Titanium implant surface modification by cathodic reduction in hydrofluoric acid: surface characterization and in vivo performance. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2009;88:581-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, pure titanium implants were surface modified by a cathodic reduction process by using hydrofluoric acid (HF) at various concentrations (0.001, 0.01, and 0.1 vol %) and a constant current of 1 mA/cm(2)...
  10. Soderberg K, Kuusinen P, Mathieu L, Hall A. An improved method for emergent decontamination of ocular and dermal hydrofluoric acid splashes. Vet Hum Toxicol. 2004;46:216-8 pubmed
    Accidental hydrofluoric acid (HF) splashes often occur in industrial settings. HF easily penetrates into tissues by initial acid action allowing fluoride ions to penetrate deeply, chelating calcium and magnesium...
  11. Cordero S, Goodhue W, Splichal E, Kalasinsky V. A fatality due to ingestion of hydrofluoric acid. J Anal Toxicol. 2004;28:211-3 pubmed
    We report a fatal case of hydrofluoric acid (HF) ingestion with suicidal intent...
  12. Hatzifotis M, Williams A, Muller M, Pegg S. Hydrofluoric acid burns. Burns. 2004;30:156-9 pubmed
    The purpose of this article is to report our experience with hydrofluoric acid (HF) burns and to present our management guidelines for these burns, which include a novel way of delivering calcium combined with dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) ..
  13. Seo H, Nahm M. Lipoprotein lipase and hydrofluoric acid deactivate both bacterial lipoproteins and lipoteichoic acids, but platelet-activating factor-acetylhydrolase degrades only lipoteichoic acids. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2009;16:1187-95 pubmed publisher
    ..lipase (LPL) or hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) is often used to selectively inactivate lipoproteins, and hydrofluoric acid (HF) or platelet-activating factor-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) is used to selectively inactivate lipoteichoic ..
  14. Li Y, Zou S, Wang D, Feng G, Bao C, Hu J. The effect of hydrofluoric acid treatment on titanium implant osseointegration in ovariectomized rats. Biomaterials. 2010;31:3266-73 pubmed publisher
    This study aimed to investigate the effects of hydrofluoric acid (HF) treatment of grit-blasted Ti implants on osseointegration in ovariectomized (OVX) rats...
  15. Nguyen L, Mohr W, Ahrenholz D, Solem L. Treatment of hydrofluoric acid burn to the face by carotid artery infusion of calcium gluconate. J Burn Care Rehabil. 2004;25:421-4 pubmed
    b>Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is highly corrosive substance often used in industrial processes. HF burns to the skin cause local tissue injury. Systemic hypocalcemia may ensue, with the potential to produce life-threatening arrhythmias...
  16. Truzzi C, Annibaldi A, Illuminati S, Bassotti E, Scarponi G. Square-wave anodic-stripping voltammetric determination of Cd, Pb, and Cu in a hydrofluoric acid solution of siliceous spicules of marine sponges (from the Ligurian Sea, Italy, and the Ross Sea, Antarctica). Anal Bioanal Chem. 2008;392:247-62 pubmed publisher
    ..determination of cadmium, lead, and copper in siliceous spicules of marine sponges, directly in the hydrofluoric acid solution (approximately 0.55 mol L(-1) HF, pH approximately 1.9)...
  17. Ohtani M, Nishida N, Chiba T, Muto H, Yoshioka N. Pathological demonstration of rapid involvement into the subcutaneous tissue in a case of fatal hydrofluoric acid burns. Forensic Sci Int. 2007;167:49-52 pubmed
    We report an autopsy case of a man who suffered accidental chemical burns following exposure to 60% hydrofluoric acid. The extent of the burns covered about 30% of his body surface, and cardiopulmonary arrest occurred about 30min after ..
  18. Lamolle S, Monjo M, Rubert M, Haugen H, Lyngstadaas S, Ellingsen J. The effect of hydrofluoric acid treatment of titanium surface on nanostructural and chemical changes and the growth of MC3T3-E1 cells. Biomaterials. 2009;30:736-42 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, the surface topography, chemistry and biocompatibility of polished Ti surfaces treated with hydrofluoric acid solution (HF) were studied...
  19. Greenberg S, Davies P, Schein J, Binder L. Hydrofluoric acid-treated tau PHF proteins display the same biochemical properties as normal tau. J Biol Chem. 1992;267:564-9 pubmed
    ..Following hydrofluoric acid (HF) treatment, tau PHF proteins are heat- and acid-stable, soluble in 2-(N-morpholino)ethanesulfonic acid ..
  20. Anderson W, Anderson J. Hydrofluoric acid burns of the hand: mechanism of injury and treatment. J Hand Surg Am. 1988;13:52-7 pubmed
    b>Hydrofluoric acid is one of the strongest inorganic acids and is used extensively in industry and research...
  21. Gallerani M, Bettoli V, Peron L, Manfredini R. Systemic and topical effects of intradermal hydrofluoric acid. Am J Emerg Med. 1998;16:521-2 pubmed
    A 35-year-old man attempted suicide by subcutaneous self-administration of hydrofluoric acid (5 cc of a domestic rust removal solution containing 7% hydrofluoric acid)...
  22. Lin T, Tsai C, Lin S, Lai C. Continuous intra-arterial infusion therapy in hydrofluoric acid burns. J Occup Environ Med. 2000;42:892-7 pubmed
    ..the effect of continuous intra-arterial calcium gluconate infusion therapy on patients suffering from hydrofluoric acid dermal burns of the digits, clinical treatment was performed prospectively on 10 patients from January 1997 ..
  23. Braun J, Stoss H, Zober A. Intoxication following the inhalation of hydrogen fluoride. Arch Toxicol. 1984;56:50-4 pubmed
    ..Our cases show that the evaluation of fluoride levels in biological material is difficult, as dietary intake, e.g., in drinking water, may complicate acute or chronic occupational exposure...
  24. Hojer J, Personne M, Hultén P, Ludwigs U. Topical treatments for hydrofluoric acid burns: a blind controlled experimental study. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 2002;40:861-6 pubmed
    ..gluconate gel, applied after initial rinsing with water, has a documented effect as first aid treatment for hydrofluoric acid burns...
  25. Harder S, Wolfart S, Eschbach S, Kern M. Eight-year outcome of posterior inlay-retained all-ceramic fixed dental prostheses. J Dent. 2010;38:875-81 pubmed publisher
    ..The main goal of this prospective clinical study was to evaluate the outcome of inlay-retained fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) made from heat-pressed lithium-disilicate glass-ceramic...
  26. Compain G, Bonneau C, Martin Mingot A, Thibaudeau S. Selective anti-Markovnikov cyclization and hydrofluorination reaction in superacid HF/SbF5: a tool in the design of nitrogen-containing (fluorinated) polycyclic systems. J Org Chem. 2013;78:4463-72 pubmed publisher
    ..This anti-Markovnikov oriented reaction was applied to the straightforward synthesis of highly valued (fluorinated) nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compounds...
  27. Touahir L, Allongue P, Aureau D, Boukherroub R, Chazalviel J, Galopin E, et al. Molecular monolayers on silicon as substrates for biosensors. Bioelectrochemistry. 2010;80:17-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Hydrogenated surfaces are obtained by oxide dissolution in hydrofluoric acid or ammonium fluoride solution...
  28. Lo J, Sakamoto H. Comparison of the acid combinations in microwave-assisted digestion of marine sediments for heavy metal analyses. Anal Sci. 2005;21:1181-4 pubmed
    ..It was observed that the HNO3-HF mixture showed better efficiency than the aqua regia-HF mixture in most of the heavy metals analyzed in all certified reference materials used...
  29. Sahmali S, Demirel F, Saygili G. Comparison of in vitro tensile bond strengths of luting cements to metallic and tooth-colored posts. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2004;24:256-63 pubmed
    ..Ceramic surfaces were pretreated with hydrofluoric acid and silanized...
  30. Heard K, Delgado J. Oral decontamination with calcium or magnesium salts does not improve survival following hydrofluoric acid ingestion. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 2003;41:789-92 pubmed
    b>Hydrofluoric acid (HF) ingestion may result in rapid death from systemic fluoride poisoning...
  31. Parworth C, Tucker M, Holmes B, Heard G. QTAIM analysis of the HF, HCl, HBr, and HOH elimination reactions of halohydrocarbons and halohydroalcohols. J Phys Chem A. 2011;115:13133-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The C-X bond is broken in the transition state geometry, with no ring critical point being present. This may explain the relative stabilities of halohydrocarbons and haloalcohols with respect to loss of H-X...
  32. Korotin D, Bartkowski S, Kurmaev E, Borchers C, Muller M, Neumann M, et al. Arsenic contamination of coarse-grained and nanostructured nitinol surfaces induced by chemical treatment in hydrofluoric acid. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2012;100:1812-6 pubmed publisher
    ..2)Ti(49.8)) before and after chemical treatment in hydrofluoric acid (40% HF, 1 min) are presented...
  33. Izvekov S, Voth G. Effective force field for liquid hydrogen fluoride from ab initio molecular dynamics simulation using the force-matching method. J Phys Chem B. 2005;109:6573-86 pubmed
    ..The model is computationally cheap and compares favorably to many more computationally expensive potential energy functions for liquid HF...
  34. Yassaei S, Moradi F, Aghili H, Kamran M. Shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded to porcelain following etching with Er:YAG laser versus hydrofluoric acid. Orthodontics (Chic.). 2013;14:e82-7 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded to porcelain following etching with erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser compared with 9.6% hydrofluoric acid (HF).
  35. Coltro W, Piccin E, Fracassi da Silva J, Lucio do Lago C, Carrilho E. A toner-mediated lithographic technology for rapid prototyping of glass microchannels. Lab Chip. 2007;7:931-4 pubmed
    ..After thermal transference, the glass channel was etched using 25% (v/v) hydrofluoric acid (HF) solution. The toner mask was then removed by cotton soaked in acetonitrile...
  36. Hooi P, Addison O, Fleming G. Testing rate and cementation seating load effects on resin-strengthening of a dental porcelain analogue. J Dent. 2013;41:514-20 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine the resin-strengthening dependence of a soda-lime-glass analogue for dental porcelain as a function of biaxial flexure strength (BFS), test crosshead rate and cementation seating load...
  37. Lee B, Kim O, Vang M, Park Y. Effect of surface treatment on bond strength of Ti-10Ta-10Nb to low-fusing porcelain. J Prosthet Dent. 2013;109:95-105 pubmed publisher
    ..Ti-10Ta-10Nb alloy is a promising alloy for metal ceramic crowns because of its good corrosion resistance and low cytotoxicity. However, more information is needed on the bond strength between this alloy and porcelain...
  38. Wang X, Zhang Y, Han C. [Advances in the research of treatment of hydrofluoric acid burn]. Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi. 2013;29:371-4 pubmed
    b>Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is one of the most common inorganic acids used widely in industrial circle. HF not only causes cutaneous burn, but also induces systemic toxicity by its unique injury mechanism...
  39. Cal E, Celik E, Turkun M. Microleakage of IPS empress 2 inlay restorations luted with self-adhesive resin cements. Oper Dent. 2012;37:417-24 pubmed publisher
    ..To assess the microleakage of three self-adhesive and one etch-and-rinse resin cements when luting IPS Empress 2 (Ivoclar Vivadent, Liechtenstein) all-ceramic inlay restorations to the prepared cavities in extracted human molars...
  40. Cantet A, Carreyre H, Gesson J, Jouannetaud M, Renoux B. Gem-difluorination of aminoalkynes via highly reactive dicationic species in superacid HF-SbF5: application to the efficient synthesis of difluorinated cinchona alkaloid derivatives. J Org Chem. 2008;73:2875-8 pubmed publisher
    ..e., both vinylic and adjacent protonated N-ammonium cations). Application to the regioselective and efficient synthesis of difluorinated cinchona alkaloid derivatives is described...
  41. Brum R, Mazur R, Almeida J, Borges G, Caldas D. The influence of surface standardization of lithium disilicate glass ceramic on bond strength to a dual resin cement. Oper Dent. 2011;36:478-85 pubmed publisher
    ..PC) and untreated unpolished controls (UPC), polished (PE) and unpolished specimens (UPE) etched with hydrofluoric acid, and polished (PS) and unpolished specimens (UPS) sandblasted with alumina...
  42. Hooshmand T, Parvizi S, Keshvad A. Effect of surface acid etching on the biaxial flexural strength of two hot-pressed glass ceramics. J Prosthodont. 2008;17:415-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of surface acid etching on the biaxial flexural strength of two hot-pressed glass ceramics reinforced by leucite or lithium disilicate crystals...
  43. Olejniczak M, Bast R, Saue T, Pecul M. A simple scheme for magnetic balance in four-component relativistic Kohn-Sham calculations of nuclear magnetic resonance shielding constants in a Gaussian basis. J Chem Phys. 2012;136:014108 pubmed publisher
    ..The effect of including spin magnetization in the description of NMR shielding tensor has been found important for hydrogen atoms in heavy HX molecules, causing an increase of isotropic values of 10%, but negligible for heavy atoms...
  44. Simon J, De Rijk W, Hill J, Hill N. Tensile bond strength of ceramic crowns to dentin using resin cements. Int J Comput Dent. 2011;14:309-19 pubmed
    ..A crown pull-off test was used with direction of pull along the path of insertion. The CAD/CAM system Cerec was used to create crowns with the pull-off loop as an integral part of the crown structure...
  45. Peutzfeldt A, Sahafi A, Flury S. Bonding of restorative materials to dentin with various luting agents. Oper Dent. 2011;36:266-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Cylinders of feldspathic porcelain and glass ceramic were additionally etched with hydrofluoric acid and were silane-treated...
  46. Cura C, Ozcan M, Isik G, Saracoglu A. Comparison of alternative adhesive cementation concepts for zirconia ceramic: glaze layer vs zirconia primer. J Adhes Dent. 2012;14:75-82 pubmed publisher
    ..This study evaluated the bond strength of silane/adhesive/resin cement and zirconia primer/resin cement combinations on non-glazed and glazed zirconia surfaces before and after aging...
  47. Isgro G, Addison O, Fleming G. Transient and residual stresses in a pressable glass-ceramic before and after resin-cement coating determined using profilometry. J Dent. 2011;39:368-75 pubmed publisher
  48. Hooshyar H, Zare K, Modirshahla N, Khanahmadzadeh S. The effect of ring size on vibrational spectroscopy and hydrogen bonding properties for the complexes between small ring carbonyl compounds with HF and HCl: theoretical analysis. J Mol Model. 2009;15:247-56 pubmed publisher
    ..The calculated vibrational spectra were interpreted and band assignments were reported. Surface potential energy calculations are carried out with scanning HCl and HF near oxygen atom...
  49. Jones J, Hench L. Factors affecting the structure and properties of bioactive foam scaffolds for tissue engineering. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2004;68:36-44 pubmed
    ..The in vitro dissolution and bioactivity of the bioactive foams were compared to that of unfoamed monoliths and powders (< 20 microm in diameter) of the same composition...
  50. Pisani Proenca J, Erhardt M, Valandro L, Gutierrez Aceves G, Bolaños Carmona M, Del Castillo Salmeron R, et al. Influence of ceramic surface conditioning and resin cements on microtensile bond strength to a glass ceramic. J Prosthet Dent. 2006;96:412-7 pubmed
    ..It is not clear how different glass ceramic surface pretreatments influence the bonding capacity of various luting agents to these surfaces...
  51. Walker M, Harvey A, Sen A, Dessent C. Performance of M06, M06-2X, and M06-HF density functionals for conformationally flexible anionic clusters: M06 functionals perform better than B3LYP for a model system with dispersion and ionic hydrogen-bonding interactions. J Phys Chem A. 2013;117:12590-600 pubmed publisher
    ..85 and 1.23 kJ/mol for Br(-)·arginine and Cl(-)·arginine), thus providing insight into the types of physical systems where each of these functionals should perform best. ..
  52. Canevari T, Raymundo Pereira P, Landers R, Benvenutti E, Machado S. Sol-gel thin-film based mesoporous silica and carbon nanotubes for the determination of dopamine, uric acid and paracetamol in urine. Talanta. 2013;116:726-35 pubmed publisher
    ..The electrode presented some important advantages, including enhanced physical rigidity, surface renewability by polishing and high sensitivity, allowing the simultaneous determination of these three analytes in a human urine sample...
  53. Vohra R, Velez L, Rivera W, Benitez F, Delaney K. Recurrent life-threatening ventricular dysrhythmias associated with acute hydrofluoric acid ingestion: observations in one case and implications for mechanism of toxicity. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2008;46:79-84 pubmed
    b>Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is a weak inorganic acid used for etching and as rust remover. Systemic toxicity is manifested as ventricular dysrhythmias. The mechanisms for these dysrhythmias are not well elucidated.