operations research

Summary

Summary: A group of techniques developed to apply scientific methods and tools to solve the problems of DECISION MAKING in complex organizations and systems. Operations research searches for optimal solutions in situations of conflicting GOALS and makes use of mathematical models from which solutions for actual problems may be derived. (From Psychiatric Dictionary, 6th ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi A study of the effects of innovative and efficient practices on the performance of hospice care organizations
    Eric G Kirby
    Department of Management, McCoy College of Business Administration, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 32:352-9. 2007
  2. pmc An approach to the problems of diagnosing and treating adult smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis in high-HIV-prevalence settings in sub-Saharan Africa
    A D Harries
    College of Medicine, Chichiri, Blantyre, Malawi
    Bull World Health Organ 76:651-62. 1998
  3. ncbi Expanding uterotonic protection following childbirth through community-based distribution of misoprostol: operations research study in Nepal
    Swaraj Rajbhandari
    Options Cambodia
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 108:282-8. 2010
  4. ncbi Community-based distribution of misoprostol to prevent postpartum haemorrhage at home births: results from operations research in rural Ghana
    S Geller
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA Center for Research on Women and Gender, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    BJOG 121:319-25. 2014
  5. ncbi The Union and Médecins Sans Frontières approach to operational research
    A D Harries
    International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 15:144-54, i. 2011
  6. pmc Can modeling of HIV treatment processes improve outcomes? Capitalizing on an operations research approach to the global pandemic
    Wei Xiong
    Department of Public Health, Weill Medical College, Cornell University, New York, NY, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:166. 2008
  7. ncbi Capacity building for international tuberculosis control through operations research training
    K F Laserson
    Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 9:145-50. 2005
  8. ncbi Discrete event simulation of emergency department activity: a platform for system-level operations research
    Lloyd G Connelly
    School of Medicine, 2315 Stockton Boulevard, PSSB 2100, UC Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 11:1177-85. 2004
  9. ncbi Designing pediatric vaccine formularies and pricing pediatric combination vaccines using operations research models and algorithms
    Sheldon H Jacobson
    Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 2:15-9. 2003
  10. ncbi Overcoming the barriers to implementation of operations research simulation models in healthcare
    Sally Brailsford
    School of Management, University of Southampton, UK
    Clin Invest Med 28:312-5. 2005

Detail Information

Publications213 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi A study of the effects of innovative and efficient practices on the performance of hospice care organizations
    Eric G Kirby
    Department of Management, McCoy College of Business Administration, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 32:352-9. 2007
    ..Hospice care organizations have responded to these pressures by pursuing more efficient and innovative business practices...
  2. pmc An approach to the problems of diagnosing and treating adult smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis in high-HIV-prevalence settings in sub-Saharan Africa
    A D Harries
    College of Medicine, Chichiri, Blantyre, Malawi
    Bull World Health Organ 76:651-62. 1998
    ..Nevertheless, substantial improvement could be obtained by implementing the effective measures already available, such as improved adherence to diagnostic and treatment guidelines...
  3. ncbi Expanding uterotonic protection following childbirth through community-based distribution of misoprostol: operations research study in Nepal
    Swaraj Rajbhandari
    Options Cambodia
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 108:282-8. 2010
    ..To determine feasibility of community-based distribution of misoprostol for preventing postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) to pregnant woman through community volunteers working under government health services...
  4. ncbi Community-based distribution of misoprostol to prevent postpartum haemorrhage at home births: results from operations research in rural Ghana
    S Geller
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA Center for Research on Women and Gender, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    BJOG 121:319-25. 2014
    ..To report on a rigorous distribution and monitoring plan to track misoprostol for community-based distribution to reduce postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) in rural Ghana...
  5. ncbi The Union and Médecins Sans Frontières approach to operational research
    A D Harries
    International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 15:144-54, i. 2011
    ....
  6. pmc Can modeling of HIV treatment processes improve outcomes? Capitalizing on an operations research approach to the global pandemic
    Wei Xiong
    Department of Public Health, Weill Medical College, Cornell University, New York, NY, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:166. 2008
    ..We describe the application of classic operations research (OR) techniques to address logistical and resource management challenges in HIV treatment scale-up ..
  7. ncbi Capacity building for international tuberculosis control through operations research training
    K F Laserson
    Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 9:145-50. 2005
    ..This includes setting program priorities, operations planning, and implementing and evaluating program activities...
  8. ncbi Discrete event simulation of emergency department activity: a platform for system-level operations research
    Lloyd G Connelly
    School of Medicine, 2315 Stockton Boulevard, PSSB 2100, UC Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 11:1177-85. 2004
    ..The authors also demonstrate one potential application of EDSIM by using simulated ED activity to compare two patient triage methods...
  9. ncbi Designing pediatric vaccine formularies and pricing pediatric combination vaccines using operations research models and algorithms
    Sheldon H Jacobson
    Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 2:15-9. 2003
    ..This review discusses how operations research models can be used to address the economics of pediatric vaccine formulary design and pricing, as well as ..
  10. ncbi Overcoming the barriers to implementation of operations research simulation models in healthcare
    Sally Brailsford
    School of Management, University of Southampton, UK
    Clin Invest Med 28:312-5. 2005
    Since the 1960s, Operations Research models have been applied to a range of healthcare problems...
  11. ncbi Integration of operational research into National Tuberculosis Control Programmes
    Anthony D Harries
    Malawi National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Science Unit, Private Bag 65, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Tuberculosis (Edinb) 83:143-7. 2003
    ..Finally, there should be strong advocacy for operational research, so that government policy makers can be convinced of its value...
  12. ncbi The published research paper: is it an important indicator of successful operational research at programme level?
    R Zachariah
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Operational Centre Brussels, 68 Rue de Gasperich, Luxembourg
    Trop Med Int Health 15:1274-7. 2010
    ..We present arguments to support publishing operational research from low-income countries; we highlight some of the main reasons for failure of publication at programme level and suggest ways forward...
  13. ncbi The Sydney Declaration: a call to scale up research
    David Cooper
    University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Lancet 370:7-8. 2007
  14. ncbi Nurses and the Joint Commission tracer methodology
    Linda Murphy-Knoll
    Division of Accreditation and Certification Operations, Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, Oakbrook Terrace, Ill 60181, USA
    J Nurs Care Qual 21:5-7. 2006
  15. ncbi Emergency department structure and operations
    James A Espinosa
    Overlook Hospital, 99 Beauvoir Avenue, Summit, NJ 08043, USA
    Emerg Med Clin North Am 22:73-85, vi. 2004
    ..Various theories are noted, but the intent of this article is to be eclectic so as to give the reader a feel for the rich variety of approaches available...
  16. ncbi Enhancing healthcare process design with human factors engineering and reliability science, part 1: setting the context
    Carol Boston-Fleischhauer
    Department of Biobehavioral Nursing and Health Systems, University of Washington School of Nursing, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Nurs Adm 38:27-32. 2008
    ..An examination of these theories, application approaches, and examples are presented...
  17. ncbi Applying business management models in health care
    Michael G Trisolini
    RTI International, 411 Waverely Oaks Road, Suite 330, Waltham, Massachusetts 02452, USA
    Int J Health Plann Manage 17:295-314. 2002
    ..In sum, each of the five models is shown to provide a useful perspective for health care management. Health care managers should gain experience and training with a broader set of business management models...
  18. ncbi The current status of home care nursing practice: part 2: operational trends and future challenges
    Carolyn J Humphrey
    Home Healthc Nurse 20:741-7. 2002
  19. ncbi Organizational and environmental effects on voluntary and involuntary turnover
    Christopher Donoghue
    Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Kean University, Union, NJ, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 32:360-9. 2007
    ..There are few studies of voluntary and involuntary turnover in the nursing home literature. Previous research in this area has focused mainly on the linear effects of individual and organizational characteristics on total turnover...
  20. ncbi Assessing psychoactive pharmaceuticals and transitioning pharmacological fatigue countermeasures into operational environments
    Brandon K Doan
    Biosciences and Protection Division, US Air Force Research Laboratory, Brooks City Base, TX 78235, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:C34-8. 2005
    ....
  21. ncbi Operational processes and cognitive mapping
    Edna R Fiedler
    National Space Biomedical Research Institute, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:C4-6. 2005
    ....
  22. pmc Hospital quality, efficiency, and input slack differentials
    Vivian G Valdmanis
    Department of Health Policy and Public Health, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Health Serv Res 43:1830-48. 2008
    ..To use an advance in data envelopment analysis (DEA) called congestion analysis to assess the trade-offs between quality and efficiency in U.S. hospitals...
  23. ncbi Towards a systemic understanding of a hospital waiting list
    J L Foote
    Institute of Environmental Science and Research Limited, Christchurch, New Zealand
    J Health Organ Manag 18:140-54. 2004
    ..The case study reported helps to shed light on why increasing funding to clear waiting lists proves ineffective...
  24. ncbi How do integrated delivery systems adopt and implement clinical information systems?
    Bryan J Weiner
    Department of Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 29:51-66. 2004
    ..Using case study methods, we identified general themes and explored how organizational context factors and information technology characteristics affect adoption and implementation processes...
  25. ncbi Ethics orientation as a mediator of organizational integrity in health services organizations
    E Jose Proenca
    Department of Health and Medical Services Administration, School of Business Administration, Widener University, Chester, PA, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 29:40-50. 2004
    ..Furthermore, program elements that induced both orientations have a larger impact on integrity. These findings have important implications for health services managers involved in designing and implementing an ethics program...
  26. ncbi Uncertainty in health care environments: myth or reality?
    James W Begun
    Department of Health Care Management, Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 29:31-9. 2004
    ..Exploratory judgments of the complexity and dynamism of the environment of health care organizations are included...
  27. ncbi Early-stage success in service line implementation
    Timothy J Hoff
    Department of Health Policy, Management, and Behavior, School of Public Health, University at Albany, State University of New York, Rensselaer, NY, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 29:17-30. 2004
    ..The organization examined was the Behavioral Health Service Line of the Upstate New York Veterans Healthcare Network...
  28. ncbi How can ergonomics influence design? Moving from research findings to future systems
    Sidney W A Dekker
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Division of Industrial Ergonomics, Linkoping Institute of Technology, SE 581 83 Linkoping, Sweden
    Ergonomics 47:1624-39. 2004
    ..Better understanding of the processes necessary to bridge this gap may be critical for progress in ergonomics research and for the use of its findings in actual design processes...
  29. ncbi A conceptual model of emergency department crowding
    Brent R Asplin
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Regions Hospital and HealthPartners Research Foundation, and University of Minnesota Medical School, St Paul and Minneapolis, MN 55101, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 42:173-80. 2003
    ..The goal of the conceptual model is to provide a practical framework on which an organized research, policy, and operations management agenda can be based to alleviate ED crowding...
  30. ncbi Performance enhancement of a contract net protocol based system through instance-based learning
    Umesh Deshpande
    IEEE Trans Syst Man Cybern B Cybern 35:345-58. 2005
  31. ncbi Physician office productivity improvement through operations analysis and process redesign
    Eugene L McCarthy
    Partner HealthCARE Management Consulting, LLC, Reading, Massachusetts, USA
    J Ambul Care Manage 25:37-52. 2002
    ..Opportunities for cost reduction, increased revenues, and increased patient and physician satisfaction are identified...
  32. ncbi Operations research methods applied to workflow in a medical records department
    S Y Edna Chan
    Operations Research, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695 7913, USA
    Health Care Manag Sci 5:191-9. 2002
    ..The findings provided insight into the workflow, staffing and performance of the department...
  33. ncbi Potential paradigm for assessments of biomedical technologies in the operational environment
    Bernard M Corona
    U S Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory, Columbia, MD 21044, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:B245-51. 2007
    ....
  34. ncbi Operational neuroscience: neurophysiological measures in applied environments
    Amy A Kruse
    Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, 3701 N Fairfax Drive, Arlington, VA 22203, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:B191-4. 2007
    ..It is our hope that the discussion of this new field of study will galvanize others to increase the confidence and utility of this research through their own investigations...
  35. ncbi Neurocognitive monitors: toward the prevention of cognitive performance decrements and catastrophic failures in the operational environment
    Maria L Thomas
    Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:B144-52. 2007
    ....
  36. ncbi Innovation in hospitals: a survey of the literature
    Faridah Djellal
    Clersé, Ifrési CNRS, Faculty of Economics and Sociology, University of Lille 1, Bâtiment SH1, 59 655, Vileneuve d Ascq Cedex, France
    Eur J Health Econ 8:181-93. 2007
    ..This approach makes it possible to extend the model of hospital innovation to incorporate new forms of innovation and new actors in the innovation process, in accordance with the Schumpeterian tradition of openness...
  37. ncbi Improving patient throughput
    Dagmara Scalise
    Hosp Health Netw 80:49-54. 2006
  38. ncbi Hassle-free consulting
    Terese Hudson Thrall
    Hosp Health Netw 80:58-60. 2006
  39. ncbi Considerations of pharmacology on fitness for duty in the operational environment
    Mary A Kautz
    Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:B107-12. 2007
    ....
  40. ncbi Ready or not: enhancing operational effectiveness through use of readiness measures
    Keryl A Cosenzo
    U S Army Research Laboratory, AMSRD ARL HR SC, Big 459, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21005 5425, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:B96-106. 2007
    ..not only has implications for selection, training, and system design, but also provides the basis for the proactive development and sustainment of optimal performance, both in individual soldiers, and in small teams or military..
  41. ncbi Markers for enhancing team cognition in complex environments: the power of team performance diagnosis
    Eduardo Salas
    Associate, Institute for Simulation and Training, Modeling and Simulation Graduate Program, University of Central Florida, 3100 Technology Parkway, Suite 319, Orlando, FL 32826, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:B77-85. 2007
    ..Research needs are discussed in terms of realizing the potential of this approach in operational and embedded training contexts...
  42. ncbi Characterizing team performance in network-centric operations: philosophical and methodological issues
    Robert S Bolia
    Air Force Research Laboratory, 2255 H Street, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, OH 45433 7022, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:B71-6. 2007
    ..Additional research is recommended to overcome these deficiencies, as well as consideration of novel multidisciplinary approaches that draw on methodologies employed in the social, physical, and biological sciences...
  43. ncbi When to walk away from a deal
    Geoffrey Cullinan
    Harv Bus Rev 82:96-104, 141. 2004
    ..Successful acquirers pay close heed to the results of such in-depth investigations and analyses--to the extent that they are prepared to walk away from a deal, even in the very late stages of negotiations...
  44. pmc The structure of quality systems is important to the process and outcome, an empirical study of 386 hospital departments in Sweden
    Stefan Kunkel
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    BMC Health Serv Res 7:104. 2007
    ..The objectives of this study were to analyse whether structure, process, and outcome can be used to describe quality systems, to analyse whether these components are related, and to discuss implications...
  45. ncbi Approaching the management of hospital units with an operation research technique: the case of 32 Greek obstetric and gynaecology public units
    Maria Katharaki
    National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Egnatias 25, 12137 Athens, Greece
    Health Policy 85:19-31. 2008
    ....
  46. ncbi A revenue-cycle factory
    Robert N Diehl
    Patient Acc 25:2-3. 2002
  47. ncbi Performance improvement. Which path is right for your hospital?
    Lee Ann Runy
    Hosp Health Netw 81:6 p following 48, 2. 2007
    ..Which of four prominent performance improvement methods is best for your hospital? First you need to understand exactly what you hope to accomplish and how much you're willing to invest in terms of money, staff time and other resources...
  48. ncbi Current trends in trauma registry the role of the systems analyst
    Katie E Morrison
    Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    J Trauma Nurs 11:75-8. 2004
  49. ncbi An analysis of international health care logistics: the benefits and implications of implementing just-in-time systems in the health care industry
    P Gary Jarrett
    Kaiser, Jacksonville, Florida, USA
    Int J Health Care Qual Assur Inc Leadersh Health Serv 19:i-x. 2006
    ....
  50. ncbi Evaluating primary care research networks
    Evelyn Fenton
    Department of Management, The University of Reading Business School, UK
    Health Serv Manage Res 20:162-73. 2007
    ..If there is a good fit or congruence between their input factors and network objectives, networks will be internally coherent and able to operate at optimum effectiveness...
  51. ncbi Success factors in hospital network performance: evidence from Korea
    Kwang Jum Kim
    Graduate School of Health Care Management and Policy, The Catholic University of Korea, Korea
    Health Serv Manage Res 20:141-52. 2007
    ..The study finds that the quality of cooperation and information sharing between network partners are critical. The paper concludes with a discussion of the implications for researchers and practitioners...
  52. ncbi Provider integration and local market conditions: a contingency theory perspective
    G J Young
    Department of Veterans Affairs, Boston University School of Public Health, Program on Health Policy and Management, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 26:73-9. 2001
    ..This article discusses contingency theory as a conceptual lens for guiding empirical studies of the effectiveness of different types of arrangements...
  53. ncbi Team dynamics and team empowerment in health care organizations
    E Jose Proenca
    Department of Management, Health Administration and Human Resources, School of Business Administration, Widener University, PA, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 32:370-8. 2007
    ..Despite the growing pervasiveness of team-based job designs in health care organizations, there is a degree of uncertainty and ambiguity about the process through which teams affect outcomes...
  54. ncbi Caseload management in community children's nursing
    Mary Lewis
    Bath and North East Somerset Primary Care Trust
    Paediatr Nurs 20:18-22. 2008
    ..This action research project aimed to find ways of managing community children's nursing caseloads that would improve the efficiency, effectiveness and equity of services and inform negotiations with service commissioners...
  55. ncbi Store-bought lessons
    Bob Kehoe
    Mater Manag Health Care 15:24-30. 2006
  56. ncbi Why calculating PACU staffing is so hard and why/how operations research specialists can help
    Franklin Dexter
    Divison of Management Consulting, Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    J Perianesth Nurs 22:357-9. 2007
  57. ncbi Change your metrics: if you get what you measure, then measure what you want--retention
    J Deane Waldman
    ADM Healthcare Consulting, and the School of Medicine and the R O Anderson Graduate Schools of Management, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA
    J Med Pract Manage 22:13-9. 2006
    ....
  58. ncbi Improving quality and cost
    Stephen Fox
    Health Estate 56:27-9. 2002
    ..Dr Fox carries out research and consultancy with Sheffield Hallam University's School of Engineering. His focuses on the formulation and application of design methodologies...
  59. pmc Coping with changing conditions: alternative strategies for the delivery of maternal and child health and family planning services in Dhaka, Bangladesh
    S Routh
    Operations Research Project, Health and Population Extension Division, ICDDR, B Centre for Health and Population Research, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
    Bull World Health Organ 79:142-9. 2001
    ..Against this backdrop, operations research was conducted by the Centre for Health and Population Research at the International Centre for Diarrhoeal ..
  60. ncbi Nurse auxiliaries as providers of intrauterine devices for contraception in Guatemala and Honduras
    Ricardo Vernon
    Investigación en Salud y Demografía SC, Mexico City, Mexico
    Reprod Health Matters 17:51-60. 2009
    ..b>Operations research in Guatemala and Honduras in 1997-2005, described in this paper, have shown that nurse auxiliaries can ..
  61. ncbi Streamlining administration at the University of Minnesota Medical School
    Peter Mitsch
    University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Acad Med 82:252-7. 2007
    ..In addition, the consultants estimated that if the medical school still had stand-alone departmental administrative units, annual administrative costs would be $3 million higher...
  62. pmc Modelling the evolution of drug resistance in the presence of antiviral drugs
    Jianhong Wu
    Center for Disease Modeling, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, M3J 1P3, Canada
    BMC Public Health 7:300. 2007
    ..Mathematical modelling may help guide the design of treatment programs and also may help us better understand the potential benefits and limitations of prevention strategies...
  63. ncbi Postabortion care in Latin America: policy and service recommendations from a decade of operations research
    Deborah L Billings
    Ipas, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Health Policy Plan 20:158-66. 2005
    ..This article reviews results from 10 major PAC operations research projects conducted in public sector hospitals in seven Latin American countries, completed and published ..
  64. ncbi Ruling out pregnancy among family planning clients: the impact of a checklist in three countries
    John Stanback
    Family Health International, Post Office Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 36:311-5. 2005
    ..Researchers in Guatemala, Mali, and Senegal conducted operations research to determine whether a simple, replicable introduction of this checklist improved access to contraceptive ..
  65. ncbi A large Markovian linear program to optimize replacement policies and dairy herd net income for diets and nitrogen excretion
    V E Cabrera
    Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706, USA
    J Dairy Sci 93:394-406. 2010
    ..The implementation of a Markovian linear program for dairy decision making provides both robustness and versatility in operations research. The model could become a valuable tool for economic decision making for dairy farms.
  66. ncbi Can research accelerate progress toward millennium development goal 5 (maternal health) in Jamaica?
    A McCaw-Binns
    The Department of Community Health and Psychiatry, The University of the West Indies, Mona, Kingston 7, Jamaica
    West Indian Med J 57:549-54. 2008
    ..The model from Thailand is put forward for consideration. The operations research model for maternal health can be transferred to other MDG objectives...
  67. ncbi Hybrid optimization techniques for the workshift and rest assignment of nursing personnel
    C Valouxis
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Patras, GR 26500 Rio, Patras, Greece
    Artif Intell Med 20:155-75. 2000
    ..A hybrid methodology that utilizes the strengths of operations research and artificial intelligence was used for the solution of the problem...
  68. ncbi Assessing the impact of wastage on pediatric vaccine immunization formulary costs using a vaccine selection algorithm
    Sheldon H Jacobson
    Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois, 1206 West Green Street MC 244, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Vaccine 22:2307-15. 2004
    ..b>Operations research models have been developed and used to make economically sound procurement choices from among a growing ..
  69. ncbi An analysis of the average waiting time during the patient discharge process at Kashani Hospital in Esfahan, Iran: a case study
    Sima Ajami
    College of Management and Medical Informatics Esfahan Medical Sciences University, Iran
    HIM J 36:37-42. 2007
    ..SPSS and Operations Research (O.R.) methods were used to analyse data...
  70. pmc Large sharing networks and unusual injection practices explain the rapid rise in HIV among IDUs in Sargodha, Pakistan
    Adnan A Khan
    Research and Development Solutions, Islamabad, Pakistan
    Harm Reduct J 6:13. 2009
    ..Our findings highlight both the importance of qualitative research and operations research to enrich the quality of HIV prevention programs.
  71. pmc Ethical issues in engineering models: an operations researcher's reflections
    J Kleijnen
    Department of Information Management and Center for Economic Research, Tilburg School of Economics and Management, Tilburg University, Postbox 90153, 5000 LE, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Sci Eng Ethics 17:539-52. 2011
    This article starts with an overview of the author's personal involvement--as an Operations Research consultant--in several engineering case-studies that may raise ethical questions; e.g...
  72. ncbi Measuring satisfaction with migraine treatment: expectations, importance, outcomes, and global ratings
    Donald L Patrick
    Departent of Health Services, University of Washington, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Seattle 98195 7660, USA
    Clin Ther 25:2920-35. 2003
    ..Previous work in health services, marketing, and operations research suggested that global ratings of satisfaction need to account for multiple influences and differing patient ..
  73. pmc 5th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention: summary of key research and implications for policy and practice - operations research
    Rodney Kort
    Kort Consulting, Toronto, M4Y 2T6, Canada
    J Int AIDS Soc 13:S5. 2010
    b>Operations research was added as a fourth scientific track to the pathogenesis conference series at the 5th IAS Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention (IAS 2009) in recognition of the importance of this growing research ..
  74. ncbi Optimizing dispersal corridors for the Cape Proteaceae using network flow
    Steven J Phillips
    AT and T Labs Research, 180 Park Avenue, Florham Park, New Jersey 07932, USA
    Ecol Appl 18:1200-11. 2008
    ..This allows us to apply well-established tools from operations research and computer science for solving network flow problems...
  75. pmc Prevalence and Determinants of Self-reported Morbidity among Pregnant Women in Rural Areas of Pakistan
    Farid Midhet
    Asia Foundation, Islamabad, Pakistan
    Int J Health Sci (Qassim) 1:243-8. 2007
    ..METHOD : The data were collected in a baseline survey that was conducted for an operations research project of the Ministry of Health, Government of Pakistan...
  76. pmc A web-based tool for designing vaccine formularies for childhood immunization in the United States
    Sheldon H Jacobson
    Department of Computer Science, Simulation and Optimization Laboratory, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 15:611-9. 2008
    ..The tool integrates general operations research methodologies with specific local practice choices to solve for the lowest overall cost set of vaccines ..
  77. ncbi Operational lessons from 20 years of the Mectizan Donation Program for the control of onchocerciasis
    B Thylefors
    Mectizan Donation Program, Decatur, GA 30030, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 13:689-96. 2008
    ..the value of a broad partnership; (iii) the great potential of working through community-directed treatment; (iv) the need to streamline all drug management aspects and (v) the importance of operations research to tackle new challenges.
  78. pmc Identifying functional modules in protein-protein interaction networks: an integrated exact approach
    Marcus T Dittrich
    Department of Bioinformatics, Biocenter, University of Wurzburg, Am Hubland, 97074 Wurzburg, Germany
    Bioinformatics 24:i223-31. 2008
    ..Various heuristic approaches have been proposed in the literature...
  79. ncbi Cost efficiency in maternal and child health and family planning service delivery in Bangladesh: implications for NGOs
    Subrata Routh
    ZdravPlus Programme Abt Associates Inc, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
    Health Policy Plan 19:11-21. 2004
    ..The operations research on cost analyses was conducted within the health and family planning programmes of a leading NGO, using the ..
  80. ncbi The Onchocerciasis Control Programme in West Africa (OCP)
    B Boatin
    UNICEF UNDP World Bank WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, 20 Avenue Appia, CH 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 102:13-7. 2008
    ..results, the power of multicountry studies, the need for social science in community-driven endeavours and operations research, and the value of empowering communities as allies in disease control...
  81. ncbi Obstetric first aid in the community--partners in safe motherhood. A strategy for reducing maternal mortality
    L Sibley
    Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Nurse Midwifery 42:117-21. 1997
    ..Special Project staff of the American College of Nurse-Midwives will lead development and testing of the strategy through operations research activities in selected countries.
  82. ncbi The co-adaptive neural network approach to the Euclidean Travelling Salesman Problem
    E M Cochrane
    Department of Computing, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow G4 0BA, Scotland, UK
    Neural Netw 16:1499-525. 2003
    ..we highlight the fact that none of the current NN approaches for the ETSP can compete with state of the art Operations Research heuristics...
  83. ncbi CARTHAGENE: constructing and joining maximum likelihood genetic maps
    T Schiex
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Castanet Tolosan, France
    Proc Int Conf Intell Syst Mol Biol 5:258-67. 1997
    ..algorithm EM with local search techniques which have been developed in the artificial intelligence and operations research communities...
  84. ncbi Review of the evidence for interventions to increase young people's use of health services in developing countries
    Bruce Dick
    Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    World Health Organ Tech Rep Ser 938:151-204; discussion 317-41. 2006
    ..This chapter reviews the evidence base for interventions that aim to increase young people's use of health services in developing countries...
  85. ncbi Operations research in public health
    Sumit Malhotra
    Indian Institute of Public Health, Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India
    Indian J Public Health 54:145-50. 2010
    b>Operations Research (OR) is gaining importance in public health interventions and programmes increasingly both nationally and internationally...
  86. pmc Implementation science for the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS
    Bruce R Schackman
    Department of Public Health, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10065, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:S27-31. 2010
    ..The origins of implementation science include operations research, industrial engineering, and management science...
  87. ncbi The least-cost low-carbohydrate diet is expensive
    John F Raffensperger
    Department of Management, University of Canterbury, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
    Nutr Res 28:6-12. 2008
    This article describes the use of operations research methods to study the minimum possible cost of a low-carbohydrate diet. The study compares this cost to the minimum cost of a diet with no limitation on carbohydrate...
  88. ncbi Reproductive choice for women and men living with HIV: contraception, abortion and fertility
    Thérèse Delvaux
    STD HIV Research and Intervention Unit, Department of Microbiology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Reprod Health Matters 15:46-66. 2007
    ..Support for the reproductive rights of people with HIV is a priority. More operations research on best practices is needed.
  89. ncbi Development of a landfill model to prioritize design and operating objectives
    K V H Ohman
    Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
    Environ Monit Assess 135:85-97. 2007
    ..Researchers continue to use operations research tools to help optimize landfill design and operating parameters...
  90. ncbi Prioritizing conservation activities using reserve site selection methods and population viability analysis
    Stephen C Newbold
    U S Environmental Protection Agency, National Center for Environmental Economics, Washington, DC 20460, USA
    Ecol Appl 19:1774-90. 2009
    ..years a large literature on reserve site selection (RSS) has developed at the interface between ecology, operations research, and environmental economics...
  91. ncbi Review article: review of behavioral operations experimental studies of newsvendor problems for operating room management
    Ruth E Wachtel
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Anesth Analg 110:1698-710. 2010
    ..Deciding how much staffing to plan for an OR is analogous to the classic newsvendor problem in operations research. A newsvendor must decide how much product to order based on its cost c and sales price p, plus estimates ..
  92. ncbi Reducing wait times through operations research: optimizing the use of surge capacity
    Jonathan Patrick
    UBC Centre for health Care Management, Vancouver, BC, V6T IZ2
    Healthc Q 11:77-83. 2008
    ..This paper highlights the significant benefits that can be achieved by applying operations research (OR) methods to healthcare management...
  93. ncbi Million city traveling salesman problem solution by divide and conquer clustering with adaptive resonance neural networks
    Samuel A Mulder
    Applied Computational Intelligence Lab, Department of Computer Science, University of Missouri Rolla, Rolla, MO 65401, USA
    Neural Netw 16:827-32. 2003
    The Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP) is a very hard optimization problem in the field of operations research. It has been shown to be NP-complete, and is an often-used benchmark for new optimization techniques...
  94. ncbi Receptor-agonist interactions in service-theoretic perspective, effects of molecular timing on the shape of dose-response curves
    Peter W Kühl
    Institute of Theoretical Biology, Munchenstein, BL, Switzerland
    J Recept Signal Transduct Res 26:1-34. 2006
    Service-theoretic concepts and methods, widely used in other fields (e.g., telecommunication and operations research), are useful also in a biochemical setting because the treatment of biocatalysts (enzymes, receptors) as servers and ..
  95. pmc Effectiveness of a web-based automated cell distribution system
    Joyce C Niland
    Department of Information Sciences, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA 91010 3000, USA
    Cell Transplant 19:1133-42. 2010
    In recent years, industries have turned to the field of operations research to help improve the efficiency of production and distribution processes...
  96. ncbi Health interventions and the persistence of rumour: the circulation of sterility stories in African public health campaigns
    Amy Kaler
    Department of Sociology, University of Alberta, 5 21 HM Tory Building, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2H4
    Soc Sci Med 68:1711-9. 2009
    ..Public health operations research has identified these rumours as significant obstacles to programme delivery, but they have been treated ..
  97. pmc Understanding health care organization needs and context. Beyond performance gaps
    Laura K Kochevar
    VA Colorectal Cancer QUERI and Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research Minneapolis VAMC, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:S25-9. 2006
    ..context effects during implementation, lessons learned from the social sciences (including management and operations research, sociology, and public health) show us that there are also powerful preimplementation tools available to us...
  98. ncbi Executive function in preschoolers: a review using an integrative framework
    Nancy Garon
    Department of Pediatrics, IWK Health Centre, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Psychol Bull 134:31-60. 2008
    ..Finally, the review outlines a number of areas that warrant further investigation if researchers are to move forward in understanding early EF development...
  99. ncbi Implementing reproductive and child health services in rural Maharashtra, India: a pragmatic approach
    Alka Barua
    Foundation for Research in Health Systems FRHS, Ahmedabad, India
    Reprod Health Matters 11:140-9. 2003
    ..This paper describes a seven-year operations research project in Parner block, Ahmednagar district, Maharashtra, India, undertaken by the Foundation for Research ..
  100. ncbi Monitoring obstetric services: putting the UN guidelines into practice in Malawi. I: developing the system
    E A Goodburn
    Centre for Sexual and Reproductive Health, JSI UK, London, UK
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 74:105-17; discussion 118. 2001
    ..A rigorous process of needs assessment, tools development, operations research, field testing and training was conducted...

Research Grants62

  1. UCB/UCSF AIDS International Training and Research Program (AITRP)
    Arthur L Reingold; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..sciences;long term laboratory training;and medium term training in clinical trials/intervention research/operations research. Training in the collaborating countries will focus on having trainees work under the supervision of former ..
  2. Modeling different strategies to reduce the public health impact of the HCV/HIV e
    Viviane Dias Lima; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This proposed study has the potential to advance the operations research field, since we will be developing a micro-simulation model of disease progression and transmission which ..
  3. Optimizing Outcomes for HIV-Exposed and HIV-Infected Children in South Africa
    ANDREA LYNNE CIARANELLO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Andrea Ciaranello, MD, will pursue coursework in advanced biostatistics and modeling methodology, operations research, and ethical principles pertinent to HIV/AIDS in resource-limited settings. Dr...
  4. The Role of Economic Evaluation in Translating HIV/AIDS Behavioral Interventions
    Jose Luis Burgos; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the decision-making process among policy makers as it relates to HIV prevention policies;2) expertise in operations research of EB HIV prevention intervention in international settings;3) advanced methods for cost-effectiveness ..
  5. East Africa IEDEA Regional Consortium
    CONSTANTIN THEODORE YIANNOUTSOS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and impact of care and treatment programs, expand the set of tools available to inform implementation and operations research in resource-constrained settings and inform policy among stakeholders and decision makers at every level in ..
  6. Nurse Management of Hypertension in Rural Western Kenya
    Rajesh Vedanthan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..competence in management sciences and human performance engineering;3) acquire skills in advanced biostatistical and impact evaluation methods;and 4) acquire knowledge of the methods of operations research and modeling.
  7. AIDS INTERNATIONAL TRAINING AND RESEARCH PROGRAM
    Carey Farquhar; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..in 3areas identified as being high priority: Sociobehavioral Research, International Clinical Trials, and Operations Research. An outstanding pool of 32 Core and 56 Resource Faculty ensures excellent mentorship for trainees and ..
  8. Robust Localized Measures for Brain Networks
    Eric J Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Scientist at the International Computer Science Institute (ICSI) in Berkeley and an Associate Professor of Operations Research at Cornell University...
  9. NEW OBSERVATIONAL DATA ANALYSIS METHODS FOR COMPARATIVE EFFECTIVENESS RESEARCH
    William D Shannon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Rankings (HCR) case-mix adjustment software package combining methods from observational data analysis, operations research, statistics, and mathematics that have not been applied in combination previously in CER and health ..
  10. Point-of-care CD4 testing to increase antenatal HAART use
    Mwangelwa Mubiana-Mbewe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To our knowledge, this operations research study will be the + first to look at the impact of POC CD4 testing on clinical outcomes. 2
  11. Optimization modeling and comparative effectiveness of regionalized stroke care
    Charles C Branas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The broad objective of this proposal is to use operations research techniques to promote the development of optimized regional stroke systems and to compare the effectiveness ..
  12. Evaluation of the AccuCirc for Early Infant Male Circumcision in Nyanza, Kenya
    REBECA MILANESI PLANK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  13. Improving HIV and HCV outcomes in U.S. AIDS Drug Assistance Programs
    Benjamin P Linas; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..To complement these research efforts, I will pursue course-work in advanced biostatistics, operations research, and the impact of institutional structures on health equity...
  14. TRUST
    MAN E CHARURAT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..into HCT, Care, Treatment and Prevention Services at Trusted Community-based Venues" (TRUST) conducts an operations research prospective cohort study that evaluates an intervention that engages each element of the OGAC program in an ..
  15. HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH TRAINING
    Richard A Hirth; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., economics, finance, sociology/organizational studies, operations research and decision science, and political science) that can be fruitfully applied to health services research...
  16. Breast and Prostate Cancer Patterns of Care in Kentucky
    Steven Fleming; Fiscal Year: 2009
    The purpose of this research is to conduct "enhanced surveillance and operations research using population- based data" from the Kentucky Cancer Registry (KCR)...
  17. Alcohol and Multisubstance Use in the Veterans Aging Cohort Study
    AMY CAROLINE JUSTICE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by alcohol, MSU, HCV, and depression through coordinated, integrated, and externally validated observation, operations research (OR) modeling, and intervention studies...
  18. Tanzania AIDS and TB ICOHRTA
    FERDINAND MUKAMA MUGUSI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..between the proposed partners including epidemiological and laboratory studies, randomized clinical trials, operations research programs, and existing datasets...
  19. Workload, Workforce, and Quality of Care in Pediatric Hospitals
    EVAN SCOTT FIELDSTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..approach to understanding the complex nature of patient flow by applying evidence-based management and operations research to understanding how capacity may be matched to demand/need in a hospital setting and the consequences of ..
  20. International Network for Strategic Initiatives in Global HIV Trials (INSIGHT)
    JAMES DENNIS NEATON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The INSIGHT Coordinating and Operations Research Center (CORE) will be located at the Coordinating Centers for Biometric Research, Division of Biostatistics,..
  21. UGANDA HIV/TB COHRE TRAiNING PROGRAM
    Peter N Mugyenyi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The short-term and medium- term courses will include health informatics, bioethics, operations research, clinical trials, and dissemination and implementation research...
  22. Mentoring Patient-Oriented Clinical Investigators in Nephrology
    GLENN MATTHEW CHERTOW; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..employ a variety of approaches, including those used in clinical epidemiology, health services research, operations research/decision sciences and clinical trials. Dr...
  23. Improving Pressure Ulcer Care in Nursing Homes
    Barbara Bates Jensen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..builds on her clinical and teaching experience; 3) cost effectiveness and cost benefit analysis and 4) operations research modeling such that associated costs and staffing resources required for implementing the QA system can be ..
  24. Consortium to improve Outcomes in HIV/AIDS, Alcohol, Aging &multi-Substance use
    RONALD SCOTT BRAITHWAITE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..comparative effectiveness research (which compares the effectiveness of different interventions) and operations research (which compares alternative portfolios of interventions, rather than comparing single interventions in ..
  25. VA NET, COORDINATING AND OPERATIONS RESEARCH CENTER
    John Hamilton; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..VA Net is managed by a Principal Investigator and Associate PI who lead an Executive Committee and a Science Committee, the latter of which initiates and directs the research agenda of VA Net. ..
  26. APPLICATIONS OF DECISION THEORY TO THE TRIAGE PROCESS
    ROBERT LEDLEY; Fiscal Year: 1980
    The objective of the proposed project is to develop an operations research methodology to aid the emergency medical triage process. Specifically, this includes the application of a decision theory model to several sample scenarios...
  27. DEPRESSION AND MEDICAL CARE:AGING AND CLINICAL SETTING
    Ira Katz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  28. The Operations Research Collaboration for Alcohol Abuse and AIDS: ORCAAA
    RONALD SCOTT BRAITHWAITE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..ORCAAA (The Operations Research Collaboration for Alcohol Abuse and AIDS) would be a resource core using implementation science to inform ..
  29. Targeting Interventions to Reduce Errors
    Timothy Hofer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..variety of research skills including health services research, clinical epidemiology, medical sociology, operations research and high reliability systems, cognitive psychology, ethics, medical education, and economics...
  30. QUANTITATIVE TRAINING FOR MENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH
    Patrick Shrout; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The training draws on the curriculum of NYU's Department of Statistics and Operations Research as well as of the Department of Psychology...
  31. Modeling Participation in the NHII
    Patricia Brennan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): [unreadable] In this resubmission of an exploratory project applying operations research methods to pricing health information exchange alliances we provide greater detail about the research plan, ..
  32. FAST DIGITAL MICROSCOPE DISIGNS FOR TUMOR DIAGNOSIS
    Peter Bartels; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..to the operating system so that task scheduling and reconfigurration of the multiprocessor will be based on operations research principles, to maximize throughput...
  33. Staffing Costs and Behavioral Nutritional Interventions
    SANDRA SIMMONS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Thus, the proposed CDA training would be central to the investigator s ability to develop as an independent scientist within her chosen area of gerontological research. ..
  34. PREDICTION AND OUTCOME MEASUREMENT IN CHILDHOOD CANCER
    JEFFREY SILBER; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Models: with improved prediction and measurement; and utilizing the mathematical tools of economics and operations research, to suggest refined therapeutic regimens which maximize patient utility...
  35. OPERATIONS RESEARCH AND ECONOMICS IN MENTAL HEALTH
    Kevin Frick; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. Statistical/Data Management Center-Pediatric AIDS CTG
    Terrence Fenton; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Center of the Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group (PACTG), in affiliation with the PACTG Coordinating and Operations Research Center application submitted by Dr. Stephen Spector...
  37. Mental Health Residential Capacity Planning
    Eri Kuno; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..models that deal with congestion in a network with finite capacity in diverse scientific fields such as Operations Research, Computer Science, and Communication Engineering...
  38. GCRC RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
    D EMBERG; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..A Resource Management System to meet GCRC scheduling needs will be developed using Operations Research methods...
  39. Agents of International Health & Bioterrorism Concern
    Robert Novak; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..and training foci are (1) clinical and molecular epidemiology; (2) applied microbiology; and/or (3) operations research into biodefense/infectious disease rapid response, prevention, and control...
  40. Quality Life Among Youth with Craniofacial Conditions
    Donald Patrick; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..S., and one in the United Kingdom. Adolescents and their parents will complete questionnaires at baseline, and gain at 1-2 year clinical follow-up. ..
  41. Stigma & Quality of Life of Youth w/Facial Differences
    Donald Patrick; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Participants for this study will be recruited from sites in Seattle, Chicago, and Chapel Hill, NC. ..
  42. Does Shared Decision-Making Improve Asthma Outcomes?
    ALINE BUIST; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..All participants will be followed for two years with outcome data collected at 12 and 24 months. If effective, this model can be incorporated into clinical practice to improve asthma outcomes and reduce costs. ..
  43. CYTOREDUCTIVE CHEMOTHERAPY TARGETING HIV RESERVOIRS
    Christopher Pilcher; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..the PI with supervised laboratory experiences and didactic training in addition to a closely supervised clinical research experience, leading to R01 submission and establishment of the PI as an independent investigator ..
  44. HIV Treatment Adherence/Risk Reduction Integrated
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..If shown effective, the intervention model will have implications for community and clinical services for people living with HIV-AIDS. ..
  45. BRIEF HIV RISK REDUCTION COUNSELING
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results of the proposed study will guide the allocation of HIV prevention resources in establishing brief and effective HIV risk reduction counseling services for populations vulnerable to HIV infection. ..
  46. HIV TREATMENT ADHERENCE FOR PERSONS WITH LOW-LITERACY
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results of the proposed research will provide critical information about improving HIV treatment adherence with low-literacy populations that is needed prior to conducting larger and more expensive clinical trials. ..
  47. Intervention to Close Digital Divide in AIDS Care
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If successful, the experimental intervention could be readily implemented as a community-based program by AIDS Service Organizations, health centers, and community-based Internet access providers. ..
  48. APPLIED REGIONALIZATION OF EMERGENCY CARE
    Charles Branas; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The operations research work proposed here will meaningfully build on the original TRAMAH by adding hospital volume constraints to ..
  49. Alcohol and HIV Risk Reduction in South Africa
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Results of the proposed research will provide critical information about the role of alcohol in HIV transmission risks and will offer urgently needed strategies for improving HIV prevention interventions in South Africa. ..
  50. National Islet Cell Consortium Coordinating Center
    Joyce Niland; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  51. Heavy Metal Exposures in Women and Children, the Role of Nutrients
    Rebecca Stoltzfus; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The symposium will result in proceedings published in the Journal of Nutrition, one of the most widely read nutrition publications. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. Brief HIV Prevention Counseling in South Africa
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Results of this research will therefore test a clinic-based HIV prevention intervention model that is urgently needed in South Africa. ..
  53. Mathematically modeling the transmission and control of extensively drug resistan
    Sanjay Basu; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The goal of this project is to determine how to reduce XDR tuberculosis incidence, using mathematical models of its transmission. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. Quality of Life of Overweight Youth: Multicultural View
    Donald Patrick; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. HCV Treatment Cost-Effectiveness in 3 IDU Populations
    BRUCE SCHACKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. Targeting Acute HIV
    Christopher Pilcher; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Perform detailed cost effectiveness modeling in order to optimize acute HIV-centered efforts at HIV prevention. ..
  57. ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE FAST TRACK INTERVENTION
    EDWARD FOSTER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., special education); (4) collection and processing of administrative data (e.g., on welfare receipt); (5) development and estimation of statistical models used to predict future social costs. ..
  58. Case Control Study of Alcohol Outlets & Firearm Violence
    Charles Branas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In this way, health policies to change the numbers and locations of alcohol outlets can become more certain, more effective, and more politically admissible. ..
  59. The impact of quality end-of-life care in nursing homes
    SARAH ANN FORBES THOMPSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings from this study will drive the development of interventions aimed at differing levels of communication, leadership, communication, and palliative care to improve end-of-life care for nursing home residents. ..