operations research

Summary

Summary: A group of techniques developed to apply scientific methods and tools to solve the problems of DECISION MAKING in complex organizations and systems. Operations research searches for optimal solutions in situations of conflicting GOALS and makes use of mathematical models from which solutions for actual problems may be derived. (From Psychiatric Dictionary, 6th ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi A study of the effects of innovative and efficient practices on the performance of hospice care organizations
    Eric G Kirby
    Department of Management, McCoy College of Business Administration, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 32:352-9. 2007
  2. ncbi Overcoming the barriers to implementation of operations research simulation models in healthcare
    Sally Brailsford
    School of Management, University of Southampton, UK
    Clin Invest Med 28:312-5. 2005
  3. pmc Can modeling of HIV treatment processes improve outcomes? Capitalizing on an operations research approach to the global pandemic
    Wei Xiong
    Department of Public Health, Weill Medical College, Cornell University, New York, NY, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:166. 2008
  4. ncbi Capacity building for international tuberculosis control through operations research training
    K F Laserson
    Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 9:145-50. 2005
  5. ncbi The published research paper: is it an important indicator of successful operational research at programme level?
    R Zachariah
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Operational Centre Brussels, 68 Rue de Gasperich, Luxembourg
    Trop Med Int Health 15:1274-7. 2010
  6. ncbi Integration of operational research into National Tuberculosis Control Programmes
    Anthony D Harries
    Malawi National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Science Unit, Private Bag 65, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Tuberculosis (Edinb) 83:143-7. 2003
  7. ncbi The Union and Médecins Sans Frontières approach to operational research
    A D Harries
    International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 15:144-54, i. 2011
  8. ncbi The Sydney Declaration: a call to scale up research
    David Cooper
    University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Lancet 370:7-8. 2007
  9. pmc An approach to the problems of diagnosing and treating adult smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis in high-HIV-prevalence settings in sub-Saharan Africa
    A D Harries
    College of Medicine, Chichiri, Blantyre, Malawi
    Bull World Health Organ 76:651-62. 1998
  10. ncbi Designing pediatric vaccine formularies and pricing pediatric combination vaccines using operations research models and algorithms
    Sheldon H Jacobson
    Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 2:15-9. 2003

Detail Information

Publications187 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi A study of the effects of innovative and efficient practices on the performance of hospice care organizations
    Eric G Kirby
    Department of Management, McCoy College of Business Administration, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 32:352-9. 2007
    ..Hospice care organizations have responded to these pressures by pursuing more efficient and innovative business practices...
  2. ncbi Overcoming the barriers to implementation of operations research simulation models in healthcare
    Sally Brailsford
    School of Management, University of Southampton, UK
    Clin Invest Med 28:312-5. 2005
    Since the 1960s, Operations Research models have been applied to a range of healthcare problems...
  3. pmc Can modeling of HIV treatment processes improve outcomes? Capitalizing on an operations research approach to the global pandemic
    Wei Xiong
    Department of Public Health, Weill Medical College, Cornell University, New York, NY, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:166. 2008
    ..We describe the application of classic operations research (OR) techniques to address logistical and resource management challenges in HIV treatment scale-up ..
  4. ncbi Capacity building for international tuberculosis control through operations research training
    K F Laserson
    Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 9:145-50. 2005
    ..This includes setting program priorities, operations planning, and implementing and evaluating program activities...
  5. ncbi The published research paper: is it an important indicator of successful operational research at programme level?
    R Zachariah
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Operational Centre Brussels, 68 Rue de Gasperich, Luxembourg
    Trop Med Int Health 15:1274-7. 2010
    ..We present arguments to support publishing operational research from low-income countries; we highlight some of the main reasons for failure of publication at programme level and suggest ways forward...
  6. ncbi Integration of operational research into National Tuberculosis Control Programmes
    Anthony D Harries
    Malawi National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Community Health Science Unit, Private Bag 65, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Tuberculosis (Edinb) 83:143-7. 2003
    ..Finally, there should be strong advocacy for operational research, so that government policy makers can be convinced of its value...
  7. ncbi The Union and Médecins Sans Frontières approach to operational research
    A D Harries
    International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 15:144-54, i. 2011
    ....
  8. ncbi The Sydney Declaration: a call to scale up research
    David Cooper
    University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Lancet 370:7-8. 2007
  9. pmc An approach to the problems of diagnosing and treating adult smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis in high-HIV-prevalence settings in sub-Saharan Africa
    A D Harries
    College of Medicine, Chichiri, Blantyre, Malawi
    Bull World Health Organ 76:651-62. 1998
    ..Nevertheless, substantial improvement could be obtained by implementing the effective measures already available, such as improved adherence to diagnostic and treatment guidelines...
  10. ncbi Designing pediatric vaccine formularies and pricing pediatric combination vaccines using operations research models and algorithms
    Sheldon H Jacobson
    Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 2:15-9. 2003
    ..This review discusses how operations research models can be used to address the economics of pediatric vaccine formulary design and pricing, as well as ..
  11. ncbi Discrete event simulation of emergency department activity: a platform for system-level operations research
    Lloyd G Connelly
    School of Medicine, 2315 Stockton Boulevard, PSSB 2100, UC Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 11:1177-85. 2004
    ..The authors also demonstrate one potential application of EDSIM by using simulated ED activity to compare two patient triage methods...
  12. doi Expanding uterotonic protection following childbirth through community-based distribution of misoprostol: operations research study in Nepal
    Swaraj Rajbhandari
    Options Cambodia
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 108:282-8. 2010
    ..To determine feasibility of community-based distribution of misoprostol for preventing postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) to pregnant woman through community volunteers working under government health services...
  13. ncbi Current trends in trauma registry the role of the systems analyst
    Katie E Morrison
    Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    J Trauma Nurs 11:75-8. 2004
  14. ncbi Innovation in hospitals: a survey of the literature
    Faridah Djellal
    Clersé, Ifrési CNRS, Faculty of Economics and Sociology, University of Lille 1, Bâtiment SH1, 59 655, Vileneuve d Ascq Cedex, France
    Eur J Health Econ 8:181-93. 2007
    ..This approach makes it possible to extend the model of hospital innovation to incorporate new forms of innovation and new actors in the innovation process, in accordance with the Schumpeterian tradition of openness...
  15. pmc Hospital quality, efficiency, and input slack differentials
    Vivian G Valdmanis
    Department of Health Policy and Public Health, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Health Serv Res 43:1830-48. 2008
    ..To use an advance in data envelopment analysis (DEA) called congestion analysis to assess the trade-offs between quality and efficiency in U.S. hospitals...
  16. ncbi An analysis of international health care logistics: the benefits and implications of implementing just-in-time systems in the health care industry
    P Gary Jarrett
    Kaiser, Jacksonville, Florida, USA
    Int J Health Care Qual Assur Inc Leadersh Health Serv 19:i-x. 2006
    ....
  17. ncbi Nurses and the Joint Commission tracer methodology
    Linda Murphy-Knoll
    Division of Accreditation and Certification Operations, Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, Oakbrook Terrace, Ill 60181, USA
    J Nurs Care Qual 21:5-7. 2006
  18. ncbi Assessing performance in complex team environments
    Jeffrey N Whitmore
    Fatigue Countermeasures Branch, Biosciences and Protection Division, Human Effectiveness Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Brooks City Base, TX 78235, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:C31-3. 2005
    ..Most tasks performed in Command and Control environments are team tasks, and understanding this type of performance is becoming increasingly important to the evaluation of mission success and for overall system optimization...
  19. ncbi Cognitive performance and communications in a network-centric battle laboratory
    Louis E Banderet
    US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA 01760 5007, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:C21-3. 2005
    ....
  20. ncbi Operational processes and cognitive mapping
    Edna R Fiedler
    National Space Biomedical Research Institute, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:C4-6. 2005
    ....
  21. ncbi Performance enhancement of a contract net protocol based system through instance-based learning
    Umesh Deshpande
    IEEE Trans Syst Man Cybern B Cybern 35:345-58. 2005
  22. ncbi Assessing psychoactive pharmaceuticals and transitioning pharmacological fatigue countermeasures into operational environments
    Brandon K Doan
    Biosciences and Protection Division, US Air Force Research Laboratory, Brooks City Base, TX 78235, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:C34-8. 2005
    ....
  23. ncbi How can ergonomics influence design? Moving from research findings to future systems
    Sidney W A Dekker
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Division of Industrial Ergonomics, Linkoping Institute of Technology, SE 581 83 Linkoping, Sweden
    Ergonomics 47:1624-39. 2004
    ..Better understanding of the processes necessary to bridge this gap may be critical for progress in ergonomics research and for the use of its findings in actual design processes...
  24. ncbi Towards a systemic understanding of a hospital waiting list
    J L Foote
    Institute of Environmental Science and Research Limited, Christchurch, New Zealand
    J Health Organ Manag 18:140-54. 2004
    ..The case study reported helps to shed light on why increasing funding to clear waiting lists proves ineffective...
  25. ncbi When to walk away from a deal
    Geoffrey Cullinan
    Harv Bus Rev 82:96-104, 141. 2004
    ..Successful acquirers pay close heed to the results of such in-depth investigations and analyses--to the extent that they are prepared to walk away from a deal, even in the very late stages of negotiations...
  26. ncbi Organizational research with impact: working backwards
    Irene Fraser
    Center for Delivery, Organization and Markets, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
    Worldviews Evid Based Nurs 1:S52-9. 2004
    ..The opportunity and challenge for research are to find a way to work with health care leadership so that future management decisions can make use of strong evidence...
  27. pmc The structure of quality systems is important to the process and outcome, an empirical study of 386 hospital departments in Sweden
    Stefan Kunkel
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    BMC Health Serv Res 7:104. 2007
    ..The objectives of this study were to analyse whether structure, process, and outcome can be used to describe quality systems, to analyse whether these components are related, and to discuss implications...
  28. ncbi Approaching the management of hospital units with an operation research technique: the case of 32 Greek obstetric and gynaecology public units
    Maria Katharaki
    National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Egnatias 25, 12137 Athens, Greece
    Health Policy 85:19-31. 2008
    ....
  29. ncbi Success factors in hospital network performance: evidence from Korea
    Kwang Jum Kim
    Graduate School of Health Care Management and Policy, The Catholic University of Korea, Korea
    Health Serv Manage Res 20:141-52. 2007
    ..The study finds that the quality of cooperation and information sharing between network partners are critical. The paper concludes with a discussion of the implications for researchers and practitioners...
  30. ncbi Evaluating primary care research networks
    Evelyn Fenton
    Department of Management, The University of Reading Business School, UK
    Health Serv Manage Res 20:162-73. 2007
    ..If there is a good fit or congruence between their input factors and network objectives, networks will be internally coherent and able to operate at optimum effectiveness...
  31. ncbi Enhancing healthcare process design with human factors engineering and reliability science, part 1: setting the context
    Carol Boston-Fleischhauer
    Department of Biobehavioral Nursing and Health Systems, University of Washington School of Nursing, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Nurs Adm 38:27-32. 2008
    ..An examination of these theories, application approaches, and examples are presented...
  32. ncbi High-performing and low-performing nursing homes: a view from complexity science
    Sarah Forbes-Thompson
    University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Nursing, Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 32:341-51. 2007
    ..Some scientists have turned their attention to viewing nursing homes as complex adaptive systems to inform our understanding of organizational performance...
  33. ncbi Organizational and environmental effects on voluntary and involuntary turnover
    Christopher Donoghue
    Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Kean University, Union, NJ, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 32:360-9. 2007
    ..There are few studies of voluntary and involuntary turnover in the nursing home literature. Previous research in this area has focused mainly on the linear effects of individual and organizational characteristics on total turnover...
  34. ncbi Operational neuroscience: neurophysiological measures in applied environments
    Amy A Kruse
    Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, 3701 N Fairfax Drive, Arlington, VA 22203, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:B191-4. 2007
    ..It is our hope that the discussion of this new field of study will galvanize others to increase the confidence and utility of this research through their own investigations...
  35. ncbi Neurocognitive monitors: toward the prevention of cognitive performance decrements and catastrophic failures in the operational environment
    Maria L Thomas
    Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:B144-52. 2007
    ....
  36. ncbi Performance improvement. Which path is right for your hospital?
    Lee Ann Runy
    Hosp Health Netw 81:6 p following 48, 2. 2007
    ..Which of four prominent performance improvement methods is best for your hospital? First you need to understand exactly what you hope to accomplish and how much you're willing to invest in terms of money, staff time and other resources...
  37. ncbi Improving patient throughput
    Dagmara Scalise
    Hosp Health Netw 80:49-54. 2006
  38. ncbi Hassle-free consulting
    Terese Hudson Thrall
    Hosp Health Netw 80:58-60. 2006
  39. ncbi The Hospital Overall Flow Scorecard: an innovative tool in patient flow
    Andrea Werner
    Bellin Hospital, Green Bay, Wisconsin, USA
    Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 32:703-7. 2006
  40. ncbi Characterizing team performance in network-centric operations: philosophical and methodological issues
    Robert S Bolia
    Air Force Research Laboratory, 2255 H Street, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, OH 45433 7022, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:B71-6. 2007
    ..Additional research is recommended to overcome these deficiencies, as well as consideration of novel multidisciplinary approaches that draw on methodologies employed in the social, physical, and biological sciences...
  41. ncbi Markers for enhancing team cognition in complex environments: the power of team performance diagnosis
    Eduardo Salas
    Associate, Institute for Simulation and Training, Modeling and Simulation Graduate Program, University of Central Florida, 3100 Technology Parkway, Suite 319, Orlando, FL 32826, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:B77-85. 2007
    ..Research needs are discussed in terms of realizing the potential of this approach in operational and embedded training contexts...
  42. ncbi Ready or not: enhancing operational effectiveness through use of readiness measures
    Keryl A Cosenzo
    U S Army Research Laboratory, AMSRD ARL HR SC, Big 459, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21005 5425, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:B96-106. 2007
    ..not only has implications for selection, training, and system design, but also provides the basis for the proactive development and sustainment of optimal performance, both in individual soldiers, and in small teams or military..
  43. ncbi Considerations of pharmacology on fitness for duty in the operational environment
    Mary A Kautz
    Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:B107-12. 2007
    ....
  44. ncbi Team dynamics and team empowerment in health care organizations
    E Jose Proenca
    Department of Management, Health Administration and Human Resources, School of Business Administration, Widener University, PA, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 32:370-8. 2007
    ..Despite the growing pervasiveness of team-based job designs in health care organizations, there is a degree of uncertainty and ambiguity about the process through which teams affect outcomes...
  45. ncbi Emergency department structure and operations
    James A Espinosa
    Overlook Hospital, 99 Beauvoir Avenue, Summit, NJ 08043, USA
    Emerg Med Clin North Am 22:73-85, vi. 2004
    ..Various theories are noted, but the intent of this article is to be eclectic so as to give the reader a feel for the rich variety of approaches available...
  46. ncbi Ethics orientation as a mediator of organizational integrity in health services organizations
    E Jose Proenca
    Department of Health and Medical Services Administration, School of Business Administration, Widener University, Chester, PA, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 29:40-50. 2004
    ..Furthermore, program elements that induced both orientations have a larger impact on integrity. These findings have important implications for health services managers involved in designing and implementing an ethics program...
  47. ncbi A conceptual model of emergency department crowding
    Brent R Asplin
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Regions Hospital and HealthPartners Research Foundation, and University of Minnesota Medical School, St Paul and Minneapolis, MN 55101, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 42:173-80. 2003
    ..The goal of the conceptual model is to provide a practical framework on which an organized research, policy, and operations management agenda can be based to alleviate ED crowding...
  48. ncbi A revenue-cycle factory
    Robert N Diehl
    Patient Acc 25:2-3. 2002
  49. ncbi Provider integration and local market conditions: a contingency theory perspective
    G J Young
    Department of Veterans Affairs, Boston University School of Public Health, Program on Health Policy and Management, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 26:73-9. 2001
    ..This article discusses contingency theory as a conceptual lens for guiding empirical studies of the effectiveness of different types of arrangements...
  50. ncbi The current status of home care nursing practice: part 2: operational trends and future challenges
    Carolyn J Humphrey
    Home Healthc Nurse 20:741-7. 2002
  51. ncbi Applying business management models in health care
    Michael G Trisolini
    RTI International, 411 Waverely Oaks Road, Suite 330, Waltham, Massachusetts 02452, USA
    Int J Health Plann Manage 17:295-314. 2002
    ..In sum, each of the five models is shown to provide a useful perspective for health care management. Health care managers should gain experience and training with a broader set of business management models...
  52. ncbi Potential paradigm for assessments of biomedical technologies in the operational environment
    Bernard M Corona
    U S Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory, Columbia, MD 21044, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:B245-51. 2007
    ....
  53. ncbi Early-stage success in service line implementation
    Timothy J Hoff
    Department of Health Policy, Management, and Behavior, School of Public Health, University at Albany, State University of New York, Rensselaer, NY, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 29:17-30. 2004
    ..The organization examined was the Behavioral Health Service Line of the Upstate New York Veterans Healthcare Network...
  54. ncbi Uncertainty in health care environments: myth or reality?
    James W Begun
    Department of Health Care Management, Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 29:31-9. 2004
    ..Exploratory judgments of the complexity and dynamism of the environment of health care organizations are included...
  55. ncbi Physician office productivity improvement through operations analysis and process redesign
    Eugene L McCarthy
    Partner HealthCARE Management Consulting, LLC, Reading, Massachusetts, USA
    J Ambul Care Manage 25:37-52. 2002
    ..Opportunities for cost reduction, increased revenues, and increased patient and physician satisfaction are identified...
  56. ncbi [The use of operation research tools as a way of more effective utilization of the resources of health service institutions]
    Rafał A Sapuła
    Zakładu Zarzadzania i Ekonomiki Ochrony Zdrowia, Akademii Medycznej w Lublinie
    Wiad Lek 55:440-3. 2002
    ..One of the sciences concerned with in evaluating managers' decisions is operations research. Summing up, operations research deals with the problem of how to gain means and use resources in the most ..
  57. ncbi How do integrated delivery systems adopt and implement clinical information systems?
    Bryan J Weiner
    Department of Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 29:51-66. 2004
    ..Using case study methods, we identified general themes and explored how organizational context factors and information technology characteristics affect adoption and implementation processes...
  58. ncbi Operations research methods applied to workflow in a medical records department
    S Y Edna Chan
    Operations Research, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695 7913, USA
    Health Care Manag Sci 5:191-9. 2002
    ..The findings provided insight into the workflow, staffing and performance of the department...
  59. ncbi Caseload management in community children's nursing
    Mary Lewis
    Bath and North East Somerset Primary Care Trust
    Paediatr Nurs 20:18-22. 2008
    ..This action research project aimed to find ways of managing community children's nursing caseloads that would improve the efficiency, effectiveness and equity of services and inform negotiations with service commissioners...
  60. ncbi Store-bought lessons
    Bob Kehoe
    Mater Manag Health Care 15:24-30. 2006
  61. ncbi Why calculating PACU staffing is so hard and why/how operations research specialists can help
    Franklin Dexter
    Divison of Management Consulting, Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    J Perianesth Nurs 22:357-9. 2007
  62. ncbi Change your metrics: if you get what you measure, then measure what you want--retention
    J Deane Waldman
    ADM Healthcare Consulting, and the School of Medicine and the R O Anderson Graduate Schools of Management, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA
    J Med Pract Manage 22:13-9. 2006
    ....
  63. ncbi Improving quality and cost
    Stephen Fox
    Health Estate 56:27-9. 2002
    ..Dr Fox carries out research and consultancy with Sheffield Hallam University's School of Engineering. His focuses on the formulation and application of design methodologies...
  64. pmc Coping with changing conditions: alternative strategies for the delivery of maternal and child health and family planning services in Dhaka, Bangladesh
    S Routh
    Operations Research Project, Health and Population Extension Division, ICDDR, B Centre for Health and Population Research, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
    Bull World Health Organ 79:142-9. 2001
    ..Against this backdrop, operations research was conducted by the Centre for Health and Population Research at the International Centre for Diarrhoeal ..
  65. doi Nurse auxiliaries as providers of intrauterine devices for contraception in Guatemala and Honduras
    Ricardo Vernon
    Investigación en Salud y Demografía SC, Mexico City, Mexico
    Reprod Health Matters 17:51-60. 2009
    ..b>Operations research in Guatemala and Honduras in 1997-2005, described in this paper, have shown that nurse auxiliaries can ..
  66. pmc Modelling the evolution of drug resistance in the presence of antiviral drugs
    Jianhong Wu
    Center for Disease Modeling, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, M3J 1P3, Canada
    BMC Public Health 7:300. 2007
    ..Mathematical modelling may help guide the design of treatment programs and also may help us better understand the potential benefits and limitations of prevention strategies...
  67. ncbi Streamlining administration at the University of Minnesota Medical School
    Peter Mitsch
    University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Acad Med 82:252-7. 2007
    ..In addition, the consultants estimated that if the medical school still had stand-alone departmental administrative units, annual administrative costs would be $3 million higher...
  68. ncbi Ruling out pregnancy among family planning clients: the impact of a checklist in three countries
    John Stanback
    Family Health International, Post Office Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 36:311-5. 2005
    ..Researchers in Guatemala, Mali, and Senegal conducted operations research to determine whether a simple, replicable introduction of this checklist improved access to contraceptive ..
  69. ncbi Postabortion care in Latin America: policy and service recommendations from a decade of operations research
    Deborah L Billings
    Ipas, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Health Policy Plan 20:158-66. 2005
    ..This article reviews results from 10 major PAC operations research projects conducted in public sector hospitals in seven Latin American countries, completed and published ..
  70. doi A large Markovian linear program to optimize replacement policies and dairy herd net income for diets and nitrogen excretion
    V E Cabrera
    Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706, USA
    J Dairy Sci 93:394-406. 2010
    ..The implementation of a Markovian linear program for dairy decision making provides both robustness and versatility in operations research. The model could become a valuable tool for economic decision making for dairy farms.
  71. ncbi Can research accelerate progress toward millennium development goal 5 (maternal health) in Jamaica?
    A McCaw-Binns
    The Department of Community Health and Psychiatry, The University of the West Indies, Mona, Kingston 7, Jamaica
    West Indian Med J 57:549-54. 2008
    ..The model from Thailand is put forward for consideration. The operations research model for maternal health can be transferred to other MDG objectives...
  72. ncbi Hybrid optimization techniques for the workshift and rest assignment of nursing personnel
    C Valouxis
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Patras, GR 26500 Rio, Patras, Greece
    Artif Intell Med 20:155-75. 2000
    ..A hybrid methodology that utilizes the strengths of operations research and artificial intelligence was used for the solution of the problem...
  73. ncbi Assessing the impact of wastage on pediatric vaccine immunization formulary costs using a vaccine selection algorithm
    Sheldon H Jacobson
    Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois, 1206 West Green Street MC 244, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Vaccine 22:2307-15. 2004
    ..b>Operations research models have been developed and used to make economically sound procurement choices from among a growing ..
  74. ncbi Lessons in integration--operations research in an Indian leprosy NGO
    J D H Porter
    Departments of Public Health and Policy and Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
    Lepr Rev 73:147-59. 2002
    ..Following a 'qualitative approach', this operations research project assessed the perceptions of communities and providers about leprosy and tuberculosis services...
  75. ncbi Utilization of obstetric care services in a rural community in southwestern Nigeria
    S B Bawa
    Department of Community Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
    Afr J Med Med Sci 33:239-44. 2004
    ..005). We recommend operations research to assess and improve the quality of existing health facilities and training/retraining of antenatal care ..
  76. pmc Large sharing networks and unusual injection practices explain the rapid rise in HIV among IDUs in Sargodha, Pakistan
    Adnan A Khan
    Research and Development Solutions, Islamabad, Pakistan
    Harm Reduct J 6:13. 2009
    ..Our findings highlight both the importance of qualitative research and operations research to enrich the quality of HIV prevention programs.
  77. ncbi An analysis of the average waiting time during the patient discharge process at Kashani Hospital in Esfahan, Iran: a case study
    Sima Ajami
    College of Management and Medical Informatics Esfahan Medical Sciences University, Iran
    HIM J 36:37-42. 2007
    ..SPSS and Operations Research (O.R.) methods were used to analyse data...
  78. pmc Ethical issues in engineering models: an operations researcher's reflections
    J Kleijnen
    Department of Information Management and Center for Economic Research, Tilburg School of Economics and Management, Tilburg University, Postbox 90153, 5000 LE, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Sci Eng Ethics 17:539-52. 2011
    This article starts with an overview of the author's personal involvement--as an Operations Research consultant--in several engineering case-studies that may raise ethical questions; e.g...
  79. ncbi Measuring satisfaction with migraine treatment: expectations, importance, outcomes, and global ratings
    Donald L Patrick
    Departent of Health Services, University of Washington, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Seattle 98195 7660, USA
    Clin Ther 25:2920-35. 2003
    ..Previous work in health services, marketing, and operations research suggested that global ratings of satisfaction need to account for multiple influences and differing patient ..
  80. pmc 5th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention: summary of key research and implications for policy and practice - operations research
    Rodney Kort
    Kort Consulting, Toronto, M4Y 2T6, Canada
    J Int AIDS Soc 13:S5. 2010
    b>Operations research was added as a fourth scientific track to the pathogenesis conference series at the 5th IAS Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention (IAS 2009) in recognition of the importance of this growing research ..
  81. pmc Prevalence and Determinants of Self-reported Morbidity among Pregnant Women in Rural Areas of Pakistan
    Farid Midhet
    Asia Foundation, Islamabad, Pakistan
    Int J Health Sci (Qassim) 1:243-8. 2007
    ..METHOD : The data were collected in a baseline survey that was conducted for an operations research project of the Ministry of Health, Government of Pakistan...
  82. ncbi Optimizing dispersal corridors for the Cape Proteaceae using network flow
    Steven J Phillips
    AT and T Labs Research, 180 Park Avenue, Florham Park, New Jersey 07932, USA
    Ecol Appl 18:1200-11. 2008
    ..This allows us to apply well-established tools from operations research and computer science for solving network flow problems...
  83. doi Operational lessons from 20 years of the Mectizan Donation Program for the control of onchocerciasis
    B Thylefors
    Mectizan Donation Program, Decatur, GA 30030, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 13:689-96. 2008
    ..the value of a broad partnership; (iii) the great potential of working through community-directed treatment; (iv) the need to streamline all drug management aspects and (v) the importance of operations research to tackle new challenges.
  84. pmc Identifying functional modules in protein-protein interaction networks: an integrated exact approach
    Marcus T Dittrich
    Department of Bioinformatics, Biocenter, University of Wurzburg, Am Hubland, 97074 Wurzburg, Germany
    Bioinformatics 24:i223-31. 2008
    ..Various heuristic approaches have been proposed in the literature...
  85. ncbi Cost efficiency in maternal and child health and family planning service delivery in Bangladesh: implications for NGOs
    Subrata Routh
    ZdravPlus Programme Abt Associates Inc, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
    Health Policy Plan 19:11-21. 2004
    ..The operations research on cost analyses was conducted within the health and family planning programmes of a leading NGO, using the ..
  86. pmc A web-based tool for designing vaccine formularies for childhood immunization in the United States
    Sheldon H Jacobson
    Department of Computer Science, Simulation and Optimization Laboratory, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 15:611-9. 2008
    ..The tool integrates general operations research methodologies with specific local practice choices to solve for the lowest overall cost set of vaccines ..
  87. doi Revised American Pain Society Patient Outcome Questionnaire (APS-POQ-R) for quality improvement of pain management in hospitalized adults: preliminary psychometric evaluation
    Debra B Gordon
    Department of Nursing Practice Innovations, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, USA
    J Pain 11:1172-86. 2010
    Quality improvement (QI) is a compilation of methods adapted from psychology, statistics, and operations research to identify factors that contribute to poor treatment outcomes and to design solutions for improvement...
  88. doi The Onchocerciasis Control Programme in West Africa (OCP)
    B Boatin
    UNICEF UNDP World Bank WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, 20 Avenue Appia, CH 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 102:13-7. 2008
    ..results, the power of multicountry studies, the need for social science in community-driven endeavours and operations research, and the value of empowering communities as allies in disease control...
  89. ncbi Prevention and treatment of postpartum hemorrhage: new advances for low-resource settings
    Suellen Miller
    Women s Global Health Imperative, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    J Midwifery Womens Health 49:283-92. 2004
    ..New directions for clinical and operations research are suggested.
  90. ncbi The co-adaptive neural network approach to the Euclidean Travelling Salesman Problem
    E M Cochrane
    Department of Computing, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow G4 0BA, Scotland, UK
    Neural Netw 16:1499-525. 2003
    ..we highlight the fact that none of the current NN approaches for the ETSP can compete with state of the art Operations Research heuristics...
  91. ncbi Obstetric first aid in the community--partners in safe motherhood. A strategy for reducing maternal mortality
    L Sibley
    Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Nurse Midwifery 42:117-21. 1997
    ..Special Project staff of the American College of Nurse-Midwives will lead development and testing of the strategy through operations research activities in selected countries.
  92. ncbi CARTHAGENE: constructing and joining maximum likelihood genetic maps
    T Schiex
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Castanet Tolosan, France
    Proc Int Conf Intell Syst Mol Biol 5:258-67. 1997
    ..algorithm EM with local search techniques which have been developed in the artificial intelligence and operations research communities...
  93. ncbi Review of the evidence for interventions to increase young people's use of health services in developing countries
    Bruce Dick
    Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    World Health Organ Tech Rep Ser 938:151-204; discussion 317-41. 2006
    ..This chapter reviews the evidence base for interventions that aim to increase young people's use of health services in developing countries...
  94. doi Operations research in public health
    Sumit Malhotra
    Indian Institute of Public Health, Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India
    Indian J Public Health 54:145-50. 2010
    b>Operations Research (OR) is gaining importance in public health interventions and programmes increasingly both nationally and internationally...
  95. ncbi Global perceptual processing in problem solving: the case of the traveling salesperson
    T C Ormerod
    Department of Psychology, Lancaster University, England
    Percept Psychophys 61:1227-38. 1999
    ..of finding the shortest tour around a set of locations and is an important task in computer science and operations research. In four experiments, the relationship between processes implicated in the recognition of good figures and ..
  96. ncbi Integration of time as a description parameter in risk characterisation: application to methyl mercury
    Ph Verger
    INA P G, Paris, France
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 49:25-30. 2007
    ..Markov processes, which are widely used in a large variety of applications in insurance risk or in operations research, ranging from queuing systems to inventory/storage models...
  97. ncbi Reproductive choice for women and men living with HIV: contraception, abortion and fertility
    Thérèse Delvaux
    STD HIV Research and Intervention Unit, Department of Microbiology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Reprod Health Matters 15:46-66. 2007
    ..Support for the reproductive rights of people with HIV is a priority. More operations research on best practices is needed.
  98. ncbi Development of a landfill model to prioritize design and operating objectives
    K V H Ohman
    Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
    Environ Monit Assess 135:85-97. 2007
    ..Researchers continue to use operations research tools to help optimize landfill design and operating parameters...
  99. ncbi Allergen source materials: state-of-the-art
    Robert E Esch
    Greer Laboratories, Lenoir, NC 28645, USA
    Arb Paul Ehrlich Inst Bundesinstitut Impfstoffe Biomed Arzneim Langen Hess 96:5-11: discussion 11. 2009
    ....
  100. doi Engaging men who have sex with men in operations research in Kenya
    Washington Onyango-Ouma
    Institute of Anthropology, Gender and African Studies, University of Nairobi, Kenya
    Cult Health Sex 11:827-39. 2009
    ..This study shows that despite difficulties, research of this kind can be carried out in Kenya...

Research Grants85

  1. Optimization modeling and comparative effectiveness of regionalized stroke care
    Charles C Branas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The broad objective of this proposal is to use operations research techniques to promote the development of optimized regional stroke systems and to compare the effectiveness ..
  2. APPLIED REGIONALIZATION OF EMERGENCY CARE
    Charles Branas; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The operations research work proposed here will meaningfully build on the original TRAMAH by adding hospital volume constraints to ..
  3. Improving HIV and HCV outcomes in U.S. AIDS Drug Assistance Programs
    BENJAMIN LINAS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..To complement these research efforts, I will pursue course-work in advanced biostatistics, operations research, and the impact of institutional structures on health equity...
  4. Breast and Prostate Cancer Patterns of Care in Kentucky
    Steven Fleming; Fiscal Year: 2007
    The purpose of this research is to conduct "enhanced surveillance and operations research using population- based data" from the Kentucky Cancer Registry (KCR)...
  5. DEPRESSION AND MEDICAL CARE:AGING AND CLINICAL SETTING
    Ira Katz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....